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CHAETEES 


tlDjje  Buciis  of  lancastw,  //   .  A 


TIUN8UTBD  AMD  BMTUt 


WILLIAM  HARDY,  F.S.A, 


THE  CHANCELLOB  AND  COUNCIL  OF  THE  DnOHY. 


LONDON. 

W.OCCC.SLV. 


idb,  Google 


CHANCELLOK   AND   GOUNCIL. 


C^natttor. 

ThB  RiOHT  HONDRIBLB 

Lost)  GRANVILLE  CHARLES  HENRY  SOMERSET. 
THOMAS  FLOWER  ELLIS,  Esquirb. 

CoLOHBL  CHARLES  RICHARD  FOX. 

fluHitor. 
JOHN  GIBSON  LOCKHART,  Esquirk. 


Clcrfc  «f  tie  CoiuuiX 
FREDERICK  DAWES  DANVER8,  Ewiu»c 


J 


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PREFACE. 


This  Tolume  is  printed  by  the  authority,  and  under  tbe 
direction,  of  the  Chancellor  and  Council  of  the  Duchy 
of  Lancaster.  It  contains  the  cbarterB  granted  hy  the 
Crown  to  the  Earls  and  Dukes  of  Lancaster,  from  the 
year  1842,  to  the  accession  of  Henry  of  Bolinghroke, 
Duke  of  Lancaster  and  Hereford,  to  the  throne  of 
England«hy  tbe  title  of  King  Henry  the  Fourth,  and 
the  Buhsequent  statutes  and  acts  of  parliament  relating 
to  the  rule  and  management  of  tiie  Lancastrian  posses- 
eiona,  as  settled  upon  tbe  King  and  his  heira  for  ever, 
separate  from  tbe  Crown  estates- 
Much  valuable  information  concerning  the  origin  and 
constitution  of  the  Duchy  will  be  found  in  Plowden's  Report 
of  the  great  case  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  in  Michaelmas 
Term,  in  tbe  fourth  year  of  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth 
(1  Plowd.  212) ;  and  the  recent  cases  of  Alcock  v.  Cooke 
{6  Bingham,  840)  and  Jewison  r.  Dyson  (9  Meeson  and 
Welsby,  540)  may  be  advantageously  consulted  with  re- 
lation to  the  pre-eminent  rights  exercised  within  tbe  Ducby^ 
under  the  several  royal  grants,  and  the  confirmations 
of  them  by  Parliament,  which  provide  for  its  rule  and 
government  ae  an  inheritance  vested  in  the  person  of  the 
Sovereign,  but  apart  from  the  rest  of  the  royal  patrimony. 
These  cases  seem  clearly  to  establish  the  doctrine  that 
all  the  prerogatives  and  privileges  of  tbe  King  belong  to 
him  with  reference  to  the  lands  parcel  of  the  Duchy  of 
Lancaster,  in  no  less  a  degree  than  they  do  with  reference 
to  lands  which  belong  to  him  immediately  in  right  of  his 
Crown.  Without,  therefore,  entering  here  upon  any  inves- 
tigation of  the  legal  effect  of  these  charters,  it  may  he 


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convenient  to  add,  in  exposition,  a  brief  notice  of  the 
Earls  of  Lancaster  prior  to  the  union  of  the  Duchy  and 
the  Crown  in  the  person  of  King  Henry  the  Fourth. 

Eklmund  Plantagenet^  a  younger  son  of  King  Henry 
the  Third,  was  the  first  who  enjoyed  this  dignity.  By  a 
charter  dated  30th  June,  51  Henry  HI.  1267,  he  obtained 
from  his  father  a  grant  of  the  Honor,  County,  Castle, 
and  Town  of  Lancaster,  and  so  was  made  Eart  of 
I^ancaeter.  He  had  previously  been  created  Earl  of 
Leicester  and  High  Steward  of  England,  upon  the  for- 
feiture of  Simon  de  Montfort,  who  was  slain  at  the 
battle  of  Evesham  on  the  5th  of  August,  1265;  and 
on  the  28th  of  June,  60  Henry  HI.  1266,  he^as  also 
made  Earl  of  Derby,  with  a  grant  of  all  the  estates  of 
the  last  Earl,  Hobert  de  Ferrars,  who  had  taken  an 
active  part  in  the  rebellion  of  De  Montfort.  Earl 
Edmund  left  by  bis  second  wife,  Blanche  Queen  of 
Navarre,  three  sons;  of  these  the  two  elder,  Thomas 
and  Henry,  were  successively  Earls  of  Lancaster.  He 
died  at  Bayonne  on  the  4th  of  June,  25  Edw.  I.  1297. 

Tbomas,  second  Earl  of  Lancaster,  Leicester,  and 
Derby,  was  also  Earl  of  Lincoln  and  Baron  of  H^ton 
in  right  of  his  wife,  Alice,  daughter  and  sole  heir  of 
Henry  de  Lacy,  Earl  of  Lincoln  and  Constable  of  Ches- 
ter. Having  been  engaged  in  a  rebellion  against  King 
Edward  the  Second,  he  was  beheaded  at  Pomfret  Castle 
on  the  22nd  of  March,  15  Edward  H.  1322,  leaving 
no  issue  of  his  body. 

Henry  of  Lancaster,  third  Earl  of  Lancaster,  brother 
of  the  last  Earl,  had  been  summoned  to  Parliament 
by  writ,  as  a  Baron  of  the  realm,  from  6th  February, 
27  Edward  L  1299 ;  and  in  the  Parliament  holden  in  the 
1st  of  Edward  IH.  1327,  having  succeeded  in  obtaining 
a  reversal  of  the  judgment  against  Earl  Tbomas,  he 
was  restored  to  all  his  lands  and  honors,  and  there- 
upon became  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  Leicester.    On  the 


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7th  of  May,  16  Edward  III.,  a  charter  of  divers  liber- 
ties  and  franchises  in  all  his  lands  aod  fees  was  granted 
to  him  and  the  heirs  of  hie  body.*  He  died  on  the 
22nd  of  September,  19  Edward  III.  1345,  and  was  suc- 
ceeded by  his  SOD, 

Henry,  fourth  Earl  of  Lancaster.  This  Henry  was 
created  Earl  of  Derby  on  the  16th  of  March,  18S7,  in 
hiB  fatber^s  life-time,  and  Earl  of  Lincoln  on  the  30th 
of  August,  1349.  By  bis  repeated  successes  in  the 
wars  he  acquired  the  reputation  of  a  distinguished  sol- 
dier, and  his  singular  munificence  ia  recorded  in  history. 
The  second  English  Dukedom  having  been  bestowed 
upon  this  Earl,  the  County  of  (Lancaster  became  for 
his  life  a  Duchy,  or  County  Palattne:  the  creation  of 
this  regality  was  effected  on  the  6th  March,  S5  Edward 
III.  1851,  and  the  title  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  was  con- 
ferred on  him  at  the  same  time  by  a  charter  of  that  date, 
granted  with  the  assent  of  Parliameiit.t  Henry  dying 
without  male  issue  on  the  24th  of  March,  35  Edward 
III.  1861,  the  Dukedom  became  extinct;  but  the  Barony 
of  Lancaster,  which  was  created  by  the  writ  of  summons 
of  the  6th  February,  1369,  and  was  therefore  a  Barony  in 
fee,  came  into  abeyance  between  his  two  daughters 
and  co-heirs,  Blanche  and  Matilda,  to  whom,  by  par- 
tition, bis  estates  descended.  The  Lady  Blanche,  who 
became  eventually  the  sole  heir  to  her  father,  mar- 
ried John  of  Gaunt,  Earl  of  Richmond,  fourth  son  of 
King  Edward  the  Third. 

John,  sumamed  of  Gaunt,  from  Ghent  in  Flanders,  the 
place  of  hie  birth,  fifUi  Earl  and  second  Duke  of  Lan- 
caster, in  right  of  his  wife  Blanche  Plantagenet,  suc- 
ceeded to  all  the  lands  and  estates  of  the  late  Duke, 
his  father-in-law ;  the  portion  of  the  Lady  Matilda,  the 
other  daughter  and  co-heir,  having  upon  her  deatii 
without  issue  in  1362  vested  in  her  sister  Blanche.}:     On 

*  I.  page  1.  +  III.  page  9.  J  V.  page  14. 


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the  18th  of  NoTember  in  the  Bane  year,  be  waB  created 
Duke  of  Lancaster,  to  bold  the  dignity  to  bim  and  the 
heirs  male  of  bis  body  lawfully  begotten  for  ever.*  His 
firat  wife  Blanche  survived  the  birth  of  her  son,  Henry  of 
Bolingbroke,  scarcely  more  than  three  years,  and  died  in 
1369.  In  1S71  the  Duke  of  Lancaster  espoused  Con- 
stance, one  of  the  two  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Pedro 
El  Cru^l,  King  of  Spain,  by  which  marriage  he  became 
titular  King  of  Castille  and  Leonj  hut  he  relioquisbed 
bis  pretension  to  that  title  upon  the  marriage  of  bis 
daughter  Katharine  with  Henry,  son  of  King  John 
of  Spain.  In  the  year  1372,  he  surrendered  into  the 
hands  of  King  Edward  his  Earldom  of  Richmond,  re- 
ceiving, in  recompense  thereof,  many  valuable  estates  in 
fee  tail  general ;  among  which  are  numbered  the  Honors 
of  Tickhill  and  Knarestrarough,  the  High  Peak,  and  many 
other  lands  in  several  counties.-|-  At  his  request,  and 
by  a  charter  dated  the  28tb  February,  lS77,t  the 
County  of  Lancaster  was  again  erected  into  a  PalaU< 
nate,  for  the  life  of  this  Duke;  and,  in  1S90,  the 
prerogative  was  extended  to  the  heirs  male  of  the 
body  of  the  grantee.§  Duke  John  of  Lancaster  having 
been  justly  distinguished  by  the  confidence  of  two  sue- 
cessive  monarcbs,  his  father  and  his  nephew,  whose  coun- 
sels be  guided  with  disinterested  zeal,  bis  vast  pos- 
sessions endowed  by  their  royal  bounty  with  all  but 
sovereign  power,  closed  his  life  on  the  3rd  of  February, 
1S99,  in  ^e  22nd  year  of  the  reign  of  King  Richard  the 
Second ;  leaving  to  hb  only  son  and  heir,  by  the  Lady 
Blanche  Plantagenet,  the  rich  inheritance  of  this  Dukedom. 
Henry  of  Bolingbroke,  Earl  of  Derby  and  Duke  of 
Hereford,  having  been  raised  to  the  latter  dignity  on 
the  29tb  of  September,  1397,  was  at  Paris  in  exile 
when  the  news  of  his  father's  decease,  and  of  the  seizure 

*  VI.  page  17.  t  VIII.  page  26. 

X  IX.  page  32.  S  XIV.  page  Ki. 


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or  bis  paternal  estates*  by  bis  cousid,  King  Richard  the 
Second,  determined  his  immediate  return  to  England, 
DBteDsibly  to  claim  his  inheritance  of  the  Duchy  of  Lan- 
caster, but  perhaps  with  the  secret  intention  of  assuming 
a  still  higher  possession.  The  result  of  Henry's  pro- 
ceedings on  his  arrtval  here  is  well  known.  He  suc- 
ceeded in  wresting  Uie  Crown  from  the  feeble  hands 
of  its  legitimate  possessor,  and  assumed  the  title  of  King 
Henry  the  Fourth. 

The  ducal  possessions  of  Lancaster,  and  tbe  ample 
estates  which  Henry  held  with  the  Dukedom  of  Here- 
ford in  right  of  his  deceased  wife,  tbe  Lady  Mary  de 
Bobon,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Humphrey 
last  £arl  of  Hereford,  Esses,  and  Northampton,  would, 
by  this  assumption  of  the  regal  dignity,  bave  merged  in 
the  Crown :  but  this  politic  monarch  was  not  minded 
that  BO  noble  an  inberitance,  endowed  with  the  high  and 
splendid  prerogatives  which  the  policy  of  preceding  Sore- 
reigns  had  conferred  upon  it,  should  wholly  be  lost  in 
the  absorbing  dignity  of  tbe  Crown ;  and,  therefore,  one 
almost  of  the  first  measures  taken  by  King  Henry  after 
he  ascended  the  throne,  was  to  procure  an  act  of  par- 
liament, declaring  that  his  eldest  son,  Henry,  should 
hear,  among  bis  other  honors,  tbe  title  of  Duke  of 
Lancaster.!  ^^  *'<<>  immediately  caused  a  charter  to 
he  passed,  sanctioned  by  the  Parliament,  ordaining  that 
the   Ducby   of  Lancaster,    and   all   other  his  hereditary 

*  Before  Bolingbroke's  departure  from  England,  the  King,  to  con- 
ciliate Juhn  of  Oaunt,  had  remitted  four  jeaia  of  his  ton 'a  banishment,  the 
original  sentence  being  for  ten  years  from  13  Oct.  ISSfi  ;  bat  do  Booncr 
was  the  Duke  of  Lancaster  dead,  than  Richard,  throwing  off  all  semblance 
of  moderaition,  exiled  Bolingbrolce  for  life  and  confiacated  his  property. 
Froissart  expressly  says  that  Hichard  seized  the  Duke  of  Herefbrd'a 
patrimony,  and  divided  it  among  his  own  bvorit«s.  Sereral  grants  of 
theiic  estates  to  the  Duke  of  Surrey  and  other  pcnions  appear  on  the 
Patent  Roll,  22  Ric.  II.  p.  3.  (Jewison  r.  Dyson,  tupra,  648.) 
+  XVIII,  page  141. 


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estates,  with  all  their  royalties  and  fraachiBeB,  should 
renuun  to  him  aod  his  heirs  (or  ever ;  and  should  re- 
main, descend,  be  adnunistered,  and  governed  in  like 
manner  as  if  he  neTer  had  attained  the  regal  dignity.* 
And  on  the  same  day  he  caused  a  charter  to  be  sealed 
for  maintaining  a  similar  management,  distinct  from  the 
Crown,  with  respect  to  the  Hereford  estates  held  by  him 
in  right  of  his  late  wife,  Mary,  Countess  of  Derby.f 

Sir  William  Blackstone,:]:  on  the  authority  of  Plowden 
and  Sir  Edward  Coke,  assigns  as  the  motive  King  Henry 
had  in  not  suffering  his  private  inheritance  to  be  united 
with  the  Crown  the  consideration  that — "  if  he  lost  one,  he 
"  should  lose  the  other  also ;  for  he  knew  he  had  the  Duchy 
"of  Lancaster  by  sure  and  indefeasible  title,  but  that  his 
"  title  to  the  Crown  was  not  bo  assured :  for  that,  after  the 
"decease  of  Richard  H.,  the  right  of  the  Crown  was  in 
"the  heir  of  Lionel  Duke  of  Clarence,  second  son  of 
'•  Edward  III. ;  John  of  Gaunt,  father  to  this  Henry  IV^ 
"  being  but  the  fourth  son."  But  surely  very  little  foresight 
is  requisite  to  perceive  that,  in  losing  the  Crown,  Henry 
would  at  once  have  been  declared  a  traitor  to  the  realm ; 
and  it  is  scarcely  possible  to  conceive  that,  in  eucb  case, 
he  would  have  been  allowed  to  retain  possession  of  the 
Duchy ; — a  state  of  things  which  actually  did  take  place 
at  the  close  of  the  reign  of  Henry,  the  grandson  of 
Bolingbroke,  when  the  House  of  Lancaster  felt  before 
the  better  fortune  of  the  House  of  York.  The  learned 
commentator  proceeds  justly  to  remark,  that  these  here- 
ditary estates  "thus  descended  to  his  son  and  grandson, 
"  Henry  V.  and  Henry  VI.  Henry  VI.  being  attainted 
*'  in  1  Edward  IV.,  this  Duchy  was  declared  in  Parlia- 
"  ment  to  hare  become  forfeited  to  the  Crown :  and  at 
"  the  same  time  an  act  was  made  to  incorporate  the 
"  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  to  continue  the  County  Palatine 
'*  (which  might  otherwise  have  determined  by  the  attain- 

*  XVII,  page  102.        t  XVI.  page  99.         J  Bl.  Com.  i.  118. 


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*'der),  and  to  make  the  same  parcel  of  the  Duchy :  and 
"farther,  to  ¥eBt  the  whole  in  King  Edward  IV.  and 
"his  heirs,  Kittgt  of  England^  for  ever;  but  under  a 
"  separate  guiding  and  governance  from  the  oUier  in- 
*'  beritances  of  the  Crown.  And  in  1  Henry  VII.  another 
"  act  was  made,  to  resume  such  part  of  the  Duchy  laods 
"  as  had  been  dismembered  from  it  in  the  reign  of  Ed- 
"  ward  IV^  and  to  vest  Uie  inheritance  of  the  whole  in 
"  the  King  and  his  heirs  for  ever,  as  amply  and  largely, 
**  and  in  like  manner,  form,  and  condition,  separate  from 
"  the  Crown  of  England  and  possesuon  of  the  same,  as 
"  the  three  Henries  and  Edward  IV.,  or  any  of  them, 
"  had  and  held  the  same."* 

*  "  Some  have  enteruined  an  Dpiiiiou  (Plowd.  SSO,  1,  8 ;  Lamb. 
"Arthrion,  233  ;  4.  Inst.  206)  that  bj  this  act  tbc  right  of  the  Duchy 
"vested  on);  in  thenafuro/,  uid  not  id  the  po&'licai  perwaof  King  Henry 
"  VII.,  aa  farmcrly  in  that  of  Henry  IV. ;  and  was  descendible  to  his 
"  natural  heirs,  independent  of  the  succeSBion  to  the  Crown.  And,  if  this 
"  notion  were  well  founded,  it  might  hsTe  become  t.  very  curious  question 
"  Bt  the  time  of  the  SeTolution  in  1686,  in  whom  the  right  of  the  Duchy 
"  remnincd  after  King  James's  abdication,  and  pteTJous  to  the  MtAinder 
"  of  the  pretended  Prince  of  Wales.  But  it  is  obscrrable,  that  in  the 
"  same  act  the  Duchy  of  Cornwall  is  also  Tested  in  King  Henry  VII. 
"  and  his  heirs  :  which  could  never  be  intended  in  any  event  to  be 
"  separated  from  the  inheritance  of  the  Crown.  And  indeed  it  seems  to 
"  have  been  understood  very  early  alter  the  statute  of  Henry  VII.  that 
"  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster  was  by  no  means  thereby  made  a  separate 
"  inheritance  from  the  rest  of  the  royal  patrimony,  since  it  descended 
"  with  the  Crown  to  the  half-blood  in  the  instances  of  Queen  Mary  and 
"  Queen  Elitabcth  }  which  it  could  not  have  done,  as  the  estate  of  a 
"  mere  Duke  of  Lancaster,  in  the  common  coarse  of  legal  descent.  The 
"  better  opinion,  therefore,  seems  to  be  that  of  those  judges  who  heid 
"  (Plowd.  221),  that,  notwithstanding  the  statute  of  Henry  VII.  (which 
"  was  only  an  act  of  resumption),  the  Duchy  still  remained  as  established 
"  by  the  act  of  Edward  IV.,  ecparate  from  the  other  possessions  of  the 
"  Crown  in  order  and  government,  but  united  in  point  of  inheritance." 
The  consideration  of  this  question,  however,  is  not  materia],  as  the  union 
of  the  Duchy  and  the  Crown  in  the  same  person  is  now  indisputably 
estnblished,  having  been  rceagniscd  by  numerous  acts  of  the  l^slature 
from  the  accession  of  Queen  Anne  to  the  present  time.  (1  Anne,  c.  7  ; 
48  Geo.  III.  c.  73  ;  10  Geo.  IV.  e.  60,  s.  130;  and  many  others.) 


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The  Duchy  of  Lancaster  tbuB  heing  brought  into  the 
aame  person  aa  the  Ctovd,  the  Sovereigne  of  EDgland, 
from  the  accession  of  Henry  of  Bolingbroke  to  the  present 
day,  have  continued  in  the  actual  possession  of  this  rega- 
lity, hut  have  always  held  it  as  an  inheritance  separate 
from  the  Crown. 

The  statutes  and  other  proceedings  in  Parliament  re- 
lating to  the  Duchy,  which  passed  after  the  union  until 
the  last  great  annexation  of  lands  made  to  it  with  the 
sanction  of  the  Legislature  in  the  4th  and  5th  of  Philip 
and  Mary,*  afford  the  best  possible  account  of  its  state 
and  condition  during  that  period. 

It  only  remains  to  add,  that  the  charters  in  this 
volume  have  been  carefully  collated  with  the  originals, 
where  the  original  charter  is  in  existence,  and  in  every 
instance  with  the  inrolment  on  the  Chancery  Rolls  pre- 
served  in  the  Tower  of  London,  and  in  the  custody  of  the 
Master  of  the  Rolls,  pursuant  to  the  Statute  1  and  2  Vict, 
c.  94.  The  translations  are  close  and  literal,  and  no  pains 
have  been  spared  to  render  them  as  accurate  as  possible. 

The  skill  and  assiduity  of  the  Printers  (Messrs. 
Bentlev  and  Co.)  in  carrying  this  volume  through  the 
press,  requiring,  as  it  has  done,  no  ordinary  degree  of  in- 
telligence on  their  part,  cannot  be  passed  over  without 
commendation ;  and  it  would  be  unjust  to  withhold  the 
acknowledgment,  that  to  their  attention,  and  to  the 
valuable  assistance  derived  from  their  establishment  in 
the  revision  of  these  sheets,  is  to  be  attributed  much 
of  the  correctness  of  the  work. 

W.  H. 

Duchy  of  Lancatter  O^ice, 
14(A  F«bTm,ry,  1845. 

•  XLVIII.  page  362. 


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CONTENTS. 


CHARTER  I. 
7th  May,  16  Ed<r.  3.  131«.— Redtal  of  liberties  previously  grant- 
ed to  Henry  Earl  of  LsncMter,  v'a.  Return  of  writs ;  plea«  of 
withernam ;  &aet  and  amercements.  Cansideration  for  a 
more  eitendicd  gnuit — the  merits  of  Henry  Earl  of  Derby, 
■on  of  the  «aid  Earl.  Grant  to  the  said  Earl  of  Lancaster 
and  the  heirs  of  his  body  of  further  liberties,  viz.— Acquit- 
tance of  paviagB  and  other  tolls;  Return  of  writs  and  sum- 
mons of  the  Exchequer ;  Attachment  of  pleas  of  the  Crown ; 
Chattels  of  felons  and  fu|{itivea;  Fines  and  amercements,  for- 
feited issues,  forfeitures,  &c.  Memorandum  of  cancellation  of 
this  grant  in  the  margin  of  the  Charter  Roll,  16  Ed.  3. 

II. 

Sdth  Sept.,  S3  Edw.  3.  1349.— Redtal  of  Charter  of  Tth  May, 
IS  Edw.  S,  and  of  surrender  thereof  by  Henry. Earl  of  Lan- 
caster, son  and  heir  of  the  fanner  grantee.  Grant  to  him  for 
life  of  the  same  liberties,  viz. — Acquittance  of  tolls,  be.  j  Re- 
turn of  writs  and  summons  of  the  Exchequer ;  Attachment  of 
pleas  of  the  Crown ;  Chattels  of  felons  and  fugitives ;  Fines 
and  amercemeats,  forfeited  issues,  forfeitures,  &c. 

in. 

6th  March,  S5  Edw.  3.  13A1.— Henry  Earl  of  Lancaster  created 
Duke  of  Lancaster.  Grant  to  him  for  his  life  «f  a  Court  of 
Chancery,  Chancellor,  justices,  cognizance  of  pleas,  and  other 
jura  regaiia  in  the  county  of  Lancaster  which  pertain  to  a 
Count  Palatine,  as  freely  as  the  Earl  of  Chester  enjoyed  the 
same  in  the  county  of  Chester.  Reservation  to  the  Crown  of 
all  tenths,  fifteenths,  and  oAer  subsidies  and  taiea  granted  by 
Parliament,  and  of  the  power  of  pardoning  life,  with  supe- 
riority  and  correction  of  errors  or  defect  of  justice  in  the 
courts  of  the  Duke  of  Laucaiter.  The  said  Duke  to  send 
knights  of  the  shire  and  burgesses  to  serve  in  Parliament,  and 
to  appoint  collectors  of  parliamentary  taxes  and  subsidies 


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CONTENTS. 


IV. 


IStb  Nov.,  3d  Ed<r.  3.  1361. — Grant  to  John  Eaii  ofLutcastei 
and  Richmond,  and  Bkndie  hi*  wife,  and  the  heirs  of  their  two 
bodies,  of  certuD  liberties  in  the  lands  uid  fees  of  the  laid 
Blanche,  one  of  the  cohein  of  Heniy  late  Duke  of  I^ancaster, 
after  tiie  partition  made  between  her  and  her  sister  Matilda, 
viz. — Return  of  writs ;  Pleas  of  withemain;  Fines  and  amerce- 
ments; Chattelsof  felons  and  fugitives 

V. 
19th  May,  36  Edw.  3.  136S.—Redtal  of  Charter  dated  13th  Nov. 
35  Edw.  3,  and  of  descent  of  Matilda's  iiortton  on  Blanche, 
the  turviving  coheir.  Grant  to  John  Earl  of  Lancaster  and 
Richmond,  and  the  hein  of  his  bodf  and  of  the  hoAy  of  the 
said  Blanche  his  wife,  of  certain  llbertiee  in  all  their  lands  and 
fees  of  the  heritage  of  Henry  late  Uuke  of  Lancaster,  viz. — 
Return  of  writs;  Pleas  of  mthenuun ;  Fines  and  amercements ; 
Chattels  of  felons  and  fugitives  .  .  .    ] 

VI. 

13tb  Nov.,  36  Edw.  3.  1363. — John  Earl  of  Lancaster  created 

I>uke  of  Lancaster  in  full  Parlitunent:  to  hold  the  mid  name 

and  honor  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  to  him  and  the  heirs  male  of 

bis  bodf  for  ever  .  .  .  .  .  .     1 

VIL 
14th  July,  38  Edw.  3.  1364.— Recital  of  Charter  of  Tth  May, 
16  Edw.  3,  to  Henry  Earl  of  Lancaster,  and  of  surrender 
thereof  by  the  son  and  heir  of  the  grantee ;  and  furtlier  recital 
that  the  grant  so  made  in  fee-tail  could  not  legally  be  an- 
nulled. The  said  charter  of  liberties  renewed  in  favor  of  John 
Duke  of  Lancaster,  and  Blaoche  bis  wife,  daughter  and  heir 
of  Henry  the  late  Duke,  vis.  —  Acquittance  of  tolls,  Stc.; 
Return  of  writs  and  summons  of  the  Exchequer ;  Attachment 
of  pleas  of  the  Crown ;  Chattels  of  felons  and  fugitives;  Fines 
and  amercements,  forfeited  issues,  forfeitures,  &c.  Mem», 
randum  on  the  Charter  Roll,  3S  Edw.  3,  shewing  the  limita- 
tion of  the  above  grant  to  the  lands  which  were  of  the  Earl 
of  Lancaster  on  the  7th  May,  16  Edw.  3.  .  .     ] 


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VIII. 

S5th  June,  46  £dv.  3. 13T3.— Grant  of  certain  estate»  to  John 
King  of  CMtilleaad  Leon,  Duke  of  Lancaster,  in  exchange  for 


the  earldom  of  Ridiinond 


IX. 


S8th  Feb.,  61  Edw.  3. 13TT.— Grant  to  John  King  of  Caatille  and 
Leon,  Duke  of  Lancaster,  for  life,  of  a  Court  of  Chancery, 
Chancellor,  jiuticea,  cognizance  of  pleaa,  and  other  jvra  rtgalta 
in  the  countr  of  Lancarter  which  pertain  to  a  Count  Palatine, 
Bi  freely  aa  the  Earl  of  Chester  enjoyed  the  Nune  in  the 
county  of  Chester.  Reservation  to  the  Crown  of  all  tenths, 
fifteenths,  and  other  snbBidiea  and  taxes  granted  by  Parlia- 
ment, and  of  the  power  of  pardoning  life,  with  stipertority  and 
correction  of  errorB  or  defect  of  Justice  in  the  courtg  of  the 
Dulce  of  Lancaster.  The  lud  Duke  to  send  knight*  of  the 
shire  and  burgeiMS  to  serve  in  Parliament,  and  to  appoint 
Gollectori  of  parliamentary  taxes  and  subudies 


4tli  June,  51  Edw.  3.  I3TT.— Redtal  that  certun  estates  had 
been  given  to  John  Duke  of  Lancaster  in  exchange  for  the 
earldom  of  Richmond,  and  that  the  Duke  had  afterwards  pe- 
tloned  the  King  that  certiun  towns,  which,  though  not  spedally 
mentioned  in  the  charter,  had  been  included  in  the  valua- 
tion, might  by  name  be  granted  to  .him,  together  with  the 
liberties,  &c  enjoyed  by  Queen  Philtppa,  the  former  tenant 
for  life  of  the  eaid  estates.  Considerations  of  present  grant, 
vii. — To  quiet  possession,  compensate  for  Uberties  enjoyed  by 
the  Duke  in  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  further  the  great 
merit*  of  the  grantee,  (irant  that  the  said  Duke  may  retain 
the  towns  of  Grinstead  (parcel  of  the  manor  of  Marsfield), 
Seaford  (parcel  of  the  castle  and  leucata  of  Pevensey),  and 
LaughtOD-ln-le-Morthen  (parcel  of  the  honor  of  Tickhill),  with 
the  other  eetates  given  to  him  in  exchange  for  the  said  earl- 
dom of  Richmond;  and  enjoy  therein  certain  liberties,  &e., 
viz. — Knights' fees,  advowaons,  wardships,  marriages,  escheats, 
chases,  parks,  warrens,  wreck,  waif  and  stray ;  Finee  and 
amercements  \  Forfeited  issues  u)d  forfeitures,  &c.  in  any 
of  the  King's  courts ;  and  the  Duke  may  levy  the  same  by  his 

as 


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own  officeiB,  by  eatresta  to  be  delivered  to  them ;  Chattela  of 
felons  and  fugitives ;  Keturn  and  executioQ  of  writs  and  sunw 
moos  of  the  Exchequer ;  aod  fines  and  amerceroents  of  sheriS* 
and  bailifib  «f  liberties  fur  negligence    .  -  •    '■ 

XI. 

1  Jth  Sept.,  I  Ric,  S.  13T7. — Confirmation  bj  IntpexUmi»  of  the 
Charter  dated  14th  July,  3S  Edw.  3.  1364 
XII. 

Uth  Sept.,  1  Rio.  S.  13TT.— Confirmation  by  Intptximui  of  the 
two  Charters,  dated  severally  S5th  June,  46  Bdw.  3.  1373,  and 
4th  June,  £1  EMw.  3.  13TT  ..... 

XIII. 

10th  Nov.,  «  Ric.  3. 13T8.— ReciUl  of  grant  of  County  Palatine 
to  John  King  of  Castille  and  Leon,  Duke  of  Lancaster,  and 
that  the  grantee  bad  subsequently  petitioned  the  King  to  have 
the  general  words  specially  expressed  on  certnin  points  ;  the 
said  general  words  are  therefore  declared  to  embrace  the 
powers  exercised  by  the  Duke  in  virtue  thereof,  viz. — To 
have  his  Exchequer  and  barons  thereof  in  the  County  Palatine, 
and  the  appointment  of  justices  of  the  forest,  except  in  pleas 
arising  where  the  Crown  is  a  party         .  ,  .     i 

XIV. 
leth  Feb.,  13  Ric.  8.  13S0.— Recital  of  the  Charter  of  King 
Edw.  3,  creating  his  son  John  Duke  of  Lancaster,  and  of 
his  grant  to  him  for  life  of  a  Chancery  and  jura  r^alia  as 
a  Count  Palatine  in  the  county  of  Lancaster;  and  further 
recital  of  the  tetters  patent  Bubsequently  granted  by  King 
Richard  the  Second,  on  the  Dute's  petition  in  Parliament, 
declaring  that,  by  virtue  of  the  general  word^<  in  the  grant  of 
the  Palatinate,  the  Duke  should  have  his  Exchequer,  and  ap- 
poinlment  of  justices  of  the  furest,  during  the  Duke's  life ;  and 
a  further  recital  that  the  Duke  had  netitiuned  for  a  grant  of 
these  rights  in  tul-male.  The  King,  in  consideration  of  the 
high  merits  of  the  Duke,  grants  that  he  and  the  heirs  male 
«f  bis  body  shall  have  in  the  county  of  Lancaster  their  Clian- 
eery,  justices  to  hold  pleas,  and  jum  regalia,  as  freely  as  the 
Earl  of  Chester  ;  their  Exchequer  and  barons  thereof,  aud  the 
appointment  of  justices  of  the  forest;  except  in  pleas  arising 
where  the  Crovn  is  party.     Reservation  to  the,  Crown  of  par- 


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Usmeiitary  aids  aDd  teiea,  pardon  of  life,  and  coTrection  of 
erroneous  judgmenti,  or  in  failure  of  justice.  The  add  Duke 
and  hifl  heirs  to  itm)  members  to  Parliament  for  the  shire 
and  boroughs,  and  to  aasigo  collectors  of  subsidies  and  times 
granted  by  Parliament.  Title  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  to  be 
retained  .  ,  .  .6 

XV. 
SBth  June,  SO  Ric.  9.  1396.— Confirmation  by  Jrupeximu»  of  the 
two  Charters  dated  severallj'  ISIh  M>7,  36  Edw.  3.  13S«,  and 
Idth  Sept,  1  Ric.  8.  1.^77,  and  of  a  third  Charter,  also  dated 
1 5th  Sept.,  1  Ric.  8. 1377,— notwithstanding  non-user,  and  with- 
out let  from  any  the  King's  bailiffs  or  ministers.  The  merits  of 
the  grantee,  John  Duke  of  Lancaster,  the  King's  uncle,  being 
a  consideration  for  more  ample  grace,  the  King  grants  to  him 
for  term  of  hU  life  certain  additional  liberties,  viz. — All  fine» 
for  tretpass,  prs-fines  and  post-fines,  ransoms,  amercements, 
forfeited  issues  :  Forfeitures,  year,  day,  and  waste,  imposed 
or  adjudged  in  any  oourt,  as  fully  as  the  King  would  have 
them  if  not  granted  to  the  said  Duke';  and  the  Duke  may 
levy  the  same  by  his  own  officers,  by  estreats  to  he  delivered 
to  them,  without  let  from  the  King's  officers :  Assay  and 
asaixe  of  bread,  and  other  matters  belonging  to  the  office  of 
cUrk  of  the  market:  Chattels  of  felons  and  fugitives,  and 
may  seize  the  same  without  let  from  the  King's  bailifla  or 
ministers :  Return  and  execution  of  writ*,  summons,  estreats, 
and  precepts:  Attachment  of  pleas  of  the  Crown;  No  sheriff, 
or  other  bailiff  of  the  King,  may  intromit,  unless  in  default : 
Fines  and  amercements  of  sherifls  and  luuliffii  of  liberties  for 
negligence;  Wayfs  and  strays;  Deodandsi  Treasure  trove; 
Munour; — Saving  of  liberties  before  granted  in  fee-tail 

XVI. 
14th  Oct.,  1  Hen.  4.  1399.— Recital  that  the  King  held  certain 
estates  for  life  of  the  heritage  of  his  deceased  wife  Mary  de 
BohuD.  Declaration  that  the  said  estates  shall  continue  to 
be  managed  as  though  the  King  had  not  ubtcuned  the  cruwn. 
The  tenants  may  enter  and  hold  afler  their  ancestors'  death, 
as  they  had  been  accustomed.  Ssring  the  royxl  prerogative 
as  to  marriages.  The  Chancellor  of  Englnnd  shall  not  present 
to  church  benefices  belonging  to  the  said  heritage.  All  re- 
ceivers and  others  to  account  before  special  auditors,  and  not 
at  the  royal  Exchequer  ...... 


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CONTENTfl. 


XVII. 


14th  Oct.,  iHen.  «.  IS99- — Redtal  that  the  King  held  the  Duchf 
of  Lftncaster  and  other  estatee  in  various  countiea  hy  inherit- 
ance, and  that  divers  libertieH  and  jura  r^afia  had  been  granted 
therein  by  the  several  Cbutere  after  in  tbia  grant  recited ;  viz. 
thatofSSth  Feb.,  51  Edw.3. 13TT— 16th  Feb.,  13  Ric.  S.  1390— 
end  S9th  June,  SO  Ric.  i.  1396.  DedaratioD  of  the  rojel  in- 
tention that  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  other  eitatee  of  the 
heritage  of  Lancaster,  ahall  not  be  changed  by  the  King's 
aaBumption  of  the  regal  dignity;  and  the  franchises  «itii 
which  John  late  Duke  of  Lancaster  beld  the  same  sfaall  be 
continued.  Settled  upon  King  Henry  the  Fourth  and  his 
heirs  specified  in  the  preceding  charters, — to  remain  as  before 
his  accession  to  the  crown.  The  same  libertiea  and  yum 
regaSa  to  be  exercised  as  well  In  the  said  Dudiy  as  other 
the  stud  estates,  throughout,  and  to  be  governed  by  the  tike 
officers  as  before.  The  tenants  may  enter  and  held  after 
their  ancestors*  death,  as  they  had  been  accoetomed.  Preriao 
for  the  tenants  of  the  County  Palatine  of  Lancaster.  Saving 
the  prerogative  ss  to  marriages  out  of  the  County  Palatine. 
The  Chancellor  or  Treasurer  oF  England  not  to  intermeddle 
in  presenting  to  church  benefices.  All  receivers  and  others 
to  account  before  speual  auditors,  and  not  at  the  royal  Gx- 
cHequer  .  .  li 

xvni. 

loth  Nov.,  I  Hen.  i.  1399.— SUtute  declaring  that  Henry,  the 
King's  eldest  son,  shall  bear  the  title  of  Prince  of  Wales, 
Duke  of  Aquitaioe,  of  Lancaster,  and  of  CorniraU,  and  Earl 
of  Chester.  The  franchises  to  remain  with  the  Prince  and  hia 
heira,  Dukes  ef  Lancaster,  dissevered  from  the  crown  .  I 

XIX. 
Tth  June,  T  Hen,  4.  1406. — Proviso  as  to  the  Duchy  of  Lan. 
caster  in  the  settlement  of  the  crown.  [Void,  because  it 
occur?  otherwise  and  in  other  form  in  the  eighth  year,]  8sd 
Dec,  B  Hen.  4.  1 406.  Proviso  as  to  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster, 
The  act  of  limitation  of  the  crown  to  the  heirs  male  of  the 
bodies  of  the  King's  four  sons  repealed.  Settlement  of  the 
crown  after  the  King's  demise  on  his  four  sons,  and  the  heirs 
of  their  respective  bodies,  aucceaavely.  Proviso  aa  to  the 
Duchy  of  Lancaster  .  .  .  .  .  1 


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19th  Nov^  8  Hen.  d.  UU — For  amwxing  the  t 
the  earldom  «T  Hereford  to  the  Dadij  of  Lnncartar,  vii.— The 
herita^  of  the  ewldoai  of  Hereford  iball  be  Mvered  iirom  the 
crown,  and  be  umexed  to  the  Duch;  of  Lanoaiter.  The 
latida,  and  men  and  tenant*  thereof,  shall  be  under  rule 
and  maoa^ement  of  Thusby  officen.  Redtal  that  the  late 
King  Henry  the  Fourth  held  the  Duchy  of  Lannaeter  end 
other  eatatea  in  Tariona  countiea  by  inheritanoe,  before  hia 
•cceodon  to  the  wown ;  and  that  divera  liberties  and  Jura 
r^uHa  had  been  granted  therein  by  aeveral  charters.  That 
the  taid  King,  being  anirilling  that  hie  Duchy  and  other 
estates  should  be  changed  by  his  assumption  of  the  r^al 
dignity,  had  settled  ths  eaine  upon  himself  and  his  hein 
speuBed  in  the  charters, — to  remain  aa  before  hie  accession 
to  the  at)wn ;  with  the  same  liberties  and  jura  regalia  to 
be  exercised  a*  well  in  the  said  Duchy  a*  other  the  said 
estate*,  throughout,  and  to  be  governed  by  the  like  officen 
aa  before ;  tltat  the  tenants  might  enter  and  hold  after  their 
ancestora'  death,  as  they  had  been  aocustomed.  Prerlect  for 
the.  tenants  of  the  County  Palatine  of  Lancaster,  eaving  the 
prerogatire  as  to  marriage*  out  of  the  County  Palatine.  And 
that  the  Chanoellor  or  Treasurer  of  England  should  not 
intermeddle  in  presenting  to  church  benefices.  All  receivei* 
and  others  should  account  before  special  anditon,  and  not  at 
the  royal  Exchequer.  Recital  of  grant  from  King  Eldward  the 
Third  of  acquittance  of  toUs,  dec,  and  of  King  Richard's  grant, 
for  term  of  life  of  the  Duke  of  Lancaster,  of  fines  for  treapaw, 
prv-finea  and  post-fines,  ransoms,  amercements,  forfeited 
iMuea;  Forfeitures,  year,  day,  and  waste, — imposed  or  ad- 
judged in  any  eourt,  and  as  fully  as  the  King,— that  the 
same  might  be  levied  by  the  Duke  of  Lancaster's  own  officen, 
by  estreat*  to  be  delivered  to  them,  without  let  from  the  . 
King's  ofBcete ;  -assay  and  assise  of  bread,  and  other  mattera 
belonging  to  the  office  of  clerk  of  the  market;  chattels  of 
felons    and  fugitives, — without  let  from   the  King's   bailiffs 

'  orministen; — Return  and  execution  of  writs,  summons,  es- 
treat*, and  precepts ;  Attachment  of  pleas  of  the  Crown, — and 
that  no  sheriff  or  other  bailiff  of  the  King  shonld  intromit 
unless  in  default ;— Fines  and  amercements  of  sherilTs  and 
bailiff*  of  liberties  for  negligence ;    VVayfs  and  strays,  deo- 


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XU  CONTENTS. 

dands,  treasnra  trove,  mwiHtur-  And  further  recitsJ  that 
King  Henry  the  Fourth  with  the  assent  of  Parliament  had 
dectared  that  the  «ame  llbertiei  and  jura  rtgalia  should  be 
exercised  aa  well  in  the  said  Duchy  as  other  the  said  estates, 
throughout,  and  should  be  governed  by  the  like  officers  as 
before.  Confirmation  of  the  charters  above  recited.  Decla- 
ration that  the  liberties,  customs,  and  franchises  shall  be 
exercised,  throughout,  without  let  from  the  King's  officers. 
All  matters  heretofore  passed  under  the  Duchy  seal  declared 
to  be  valid.  The  same  seal  to  be  used  in  future  for  the  affairs 
of  tbe  Duchy.  Further  recital  that  divers  other  estates  had 
descended  to  King  Henry  the  Fifth  by  inheritance  in  right 
of  his  mother,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Humphrey  de  Bohun, 
Earl  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northampton.  The  said  he- 
ritage severed  from  the  crown  and  annexed  to  tbe  Ducby  of 
Laacuster.  The  lil>ertiee  and  jura  r^aiia  shall  be  exercised 
throughout  the  estAtea  of  the  earldoms  of  Hereford,  Essex, 
and  Northampton  ;  and  by  the  officers  and  minister*  of  tbe 
Duchy ;  and  the  said  estates  shall  be  subject  to  the  some  rule, 
management,  aod  seal,  and  the  same  liberties  and  j'uni  rtgalia 
be  exercised  therein,  as  were  used  in  the  Duchy  of  Lancas- 
ter, out  of  tbe  County  Palatine.  All  matters  relating  to  said 
estates  heretofore  passed  under  the  Duchy  seal  declared  valid. 
The  tenants  and  resiants  shall  enjoy  the  liberties  and  customs 
without  let  from  the  King's  officer*.  Presentations  to  eccle- 
siastical benefices  shall  pass  under  the  Duchy  seal.  Chan- 
cetlor  or  Treasurer  of  England  not  to  intermeddle  by  reason 
of  the  King's  title,  or  of  tbeir  offices.  All  lands  which  since 
the  ordinance  of  King  Henry  the  Fourth  have  come  into  the 
Kinfc*s  hands  by  escheat,  forfeiture,  or  otber^ise,  in  right  of 
the  Duchy,  shall  be  annexed  thereto,  and  all  lands  so  coming 
into  the  King's  hands  in  future  shall  be  forthwith  annexed  to 
the  heritage  to  whidi  they  are  known  to  belong ;  all  estates  so 
annexed  shall  be  subject  to  the  like  rule,  mann^ement,  and 
seal,  and  the  said  liberties  and >ura  rrgoBa  be  exercised  there  ISl 

XXI. 
19th  Nov.,  «Hen.  6.  141«. — Statute  enacting  that  justices  of 
peace  shall  be  appointed  from  persons  resident  in  the  respec- 
tive counties,  except  justices  of  assize.  The  chief  stewards  of 
the  Duchy  of  Lancaster  fur  north  and  south  parts  shall  be 
justices  of  peace  ......  1G8 


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XXII. 

11th  May,  4  Han.  6.  141S. — Statute  relative  to  the  Duchy  of 
Lanouter  and  iti  Btewardi,  and  u  to  the  Duchy  seal,  on 
petition  of  the  Commons  for  confirmation  of  the  letten  patent 
granted  in  the  Parliament  holilon  S  Hen.  5,  and  for  cer- 
tain clauses  to  he  added  thereto,  viz.-^Tbst  the  chief  ate vrarda 
of  the  Duchy  «hall  be  named  In  all  commiaeioni  of  the  peace. 
No  grants,  &c.  coocerninif  the  Duchy,  passed  under  any  other 
seal  than  the  Duchy  seal,  shall  be  valid,  hut  the  same  shall  be 
null  and  void  for  ever  .  I 


XXIII. 

6th  May,  6  Hen.  5. 14S1. — Proceeding  In  Parliament  relative  to 
the  partition  of  the  inheritance  of  Humphrey  de  Buhun  late 
f^l  of  Hereford  and  Essex.  For  Lady  Anne  Countess  of 
Stafford.  Her  petition  to  the  King.  Prayer — that  in  pur- 
suance  of  the  partition  ne»ly  made  of  the  heritage  of  the 
earldom  of  Hereford  between  the  King  and  the  Countess  of 
Stafford,  all  that  estate  may  again  be  of  like  nature  at 
common  lav  aa  when  the  Earl  died,  notwithstanding  the 
annexation  of  the  King's  inheritance  to  the  Duchy  of  Lan- 
caster hy  statute  S  Hen.  S.  The  King's  answer — that  the 
said  Act  be  repealed,  so  far  na  regards  the  annexation  to  the 
Duchy  of  Lancaster  of  the  King's  heritage  of  the  Bohnn 
estates,  and  that  the  purpnrty  so  newly  assigned  to  the  King 
be  severed  from  the  crown,  and  annexed  to  the  Duchy  in 
such  manner  as  the  former  annexation  had  been  made  by 
the  Act  of  8  Hen.  6 ;  and  so  with  re^rd  to  the  fees  and 
adrowsons  in  gross  not  yet  divided.  Saving  the  rights  of 
claimants  under  any  entails  in  the  event  of  extinction  of  the 
heirs  of  the  body  of  Mary  de  Bohun.  The  partition  now 
made  between  the  King  and  the  Countess,  and  such  as  may 
hereafter  be  made,  shall  stand  in  force.  The  purparty  as- 
signed to  the  Countess  shall  i)e  as  free  and  discharged  a*  at 
the  death  of  Humphrey  de  Bohun.  The  Chancellor  and 
Lords  of  the  Council  may  reform  the  partition  within  two 
years.  The  Countess  to  have  the  choice  uf  pardon  for  en- 
tering upon  her  purparty  withonl  suing  livery,  or  the  King's 
licence  to  enter  (■.,-..  173 


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XXIV. 

9th  Not.,  1  Hon.  S.  1499.— ProoMding  ic  Parliunent  reUUve  to 
the  p&rtitioa  to  be  mwie  between  the  King  and  Lady  Anna 
CounteM  of  Btafibrd,  of  the  feea  and  advowMDa  in  groM  of  the 
heritage  of  the  earldom  of  Hereford,  Eaeex,  and  Northampton. 
Petition  of  Aone  Counteu  of  Stafford  that  auch  partition  be 
made,  and  that  it  may  be  determined  whether  Penkelly, 
Broyn-llyi,  LUngoit,  and  Cantreffcelly,  be  lordafaipa  in  groaa, 
or  member*  of  Brecon  Cattle  .  .      '      .  ,  V 

XXV. 

S6th  June,  10  Hen.  6.  1433.— Proceeding  in  Parllatnent  on  the 
petition  of  Anne  Countess  of  Stafford,  that  a  partition  be  made 
of  the  feea  and  advowaona  in  grOM  of  the  heritage  of  the  earl- 
dom of  Hereford  .  •  •  ■  .  i'- 

XXVI. 

14th  Jan.,  18  Hen.  6.  1440.— Enactment  that  the  revenues  of 
the  Duchies  of  Lancaster  and  Cornwall  shall  be  applied  to  tiie 
eipeuse*  of  the  King's  houaahold  for  five  yean  .  ■  2t 

XXVIl. 
14th  Jan.,  18  Hen.  6.  1440. — Enactment  that  the  surplus  re- 
venues of  the  lands,  parcel  of  the  Uuchy  of  Lancaster,  held 
by  Feoffees  to  the  use  of  King  Henry  the  Fifth's  will,  beyond 
£3,000  per  annum,  be  applied  to  the  expenses  of  the  King's 
household  •  ■  •  •  •  -  S( 


XXV  in. 

14th  Jan.,  IB  Hen,  6. 1440. — Enactment  that  one-fourth  of  the 
tenth  and  fifteenth  granted  for  the  defence  of  the  realm  be 
applied  to  the  expenaes  of  the  King'a  household  .  .  9 


S5th  Jan.,  30  Hen.  6. 1 443-— Enactment  that  certain  persons  may 
be  aaugned  to  receive  the  declaration  of  the  Feoffees  of  lands, 
parcel  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  to  the  use  of  King  Henry 
the  Fifth's  will,  touching  the  execution  of  the  same  .  1 


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XXX. 

«th  April,  84  Hen.  6. 144«.— Enactment  that  the  King's  l«tt«n 
pateot  be  made  out,  coofirmiog  the  wversl  letters  patent, 
puM<l  under  the  Duch;  »eal,  for  coDvejiag  certain  Uada  to 
Feoffees  to  perform  the  will  of  King  Henry  the  Sixth  .  9 


XXXI. 

Iflth  Jalj,  ST  Hen.  S.  1  US.— Enactment  that  certain  landa^ 
parcel  of  the  l}uijbj  of  Lancaster,  be  granted  bj  letters  patent 
to  Feoffees  to  perform  the  will  of  King  Henry  the  Sixth. 
The  Feoffees  of  the  lands  so  granted,  and  likewise  of  those 
granted  In  the  Parliament  begun  at  Westminster  in  the  83rd 
of  Henry  the  Kzth,  ahall  enjoy  the  «ame  liberties,  privilegea, 
and  jura  regalia.  Bee.  therein,  as  fully  as  when  the  said  lands 
were  in  the  King's  bands.  The  lands  shall  be  under  the  same 
rule  aa  theretofore,  and  the  tenants  enjoy  tfaeir  liberties  as 
before  ;  provided  the  lands  be  in  the  hands  of  the  Feoffees, 
or  in  the  King's  hands  by  their  aaalgnmeot ;  without  let  from 
the  King's  sherifb,  coroners,  or  other  bailiffs.  All  matters 
connected  with  the  said  lands  or  the  officers  thereof  to  pais 
under  the  seal  ordained  for  the  same  ,  .  s 


XXXII. 

SOtb  Nov.,  38  Hen.  4.  1459.— Appointment  by  letters  patent 
read  In  Parliament  of  new  Feolbea  to  perform  the  will  of 
King  Henry  the  Sixth,  in  room  of  eartaln  of  the  FeoAea 
(^pointed  under  the  Acts  of  93  Hen.  6  and  8T  Hen.  6,  woce 
deceased.  The  estate  of  surviving  Feoffees  shall  cease,  and 
the  new  Feoffees  hold  aa  fully  aa  the  late.  The  King's  term 
and  estate  saved  in  the  premises  demised  by  the  Feoffeea. 
I'he  issues  and  profits  of  the  premieee  to  be  applied  only  in 
fulfilment  of  the  King's  will,  though  demised  to  the  King  by 
the  Feoffees  for  a  farther  term.  The  Feoffees  shall  enjoy  the 
liberties  and  jura  rrgaUa,  Sec.  In  the  premises,  or  the  King- 
holding  by  demise  from  the  Feoffees,  and  likewise  the  tenants 
and  reslants,  as  before.  The  premises  shall  be  managed  under 
same  rule  as  before  .2 


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XXXI II. 

7th  Oct.,  30  Hen.  9.  It60.— Enactmeat  th«t  the  Uods,  parcel 
of  the  Duchf  of  Lanceater,  put  in  feoffment  for  performance 
of  the  will  of  King  Henry  the  Sixth,  shall  not  hencefartb 
be  governed  by  a  distinct  seal  and  officers,  but  shall  be 
managed  by  the  officers  and  seal  of  the  Dncby,  as  they 
were  in  ancient  timea  before  the  making  of  aueh  feoffment      .  356 

XXXIV. 

7th  Oct.,  39  Hen.  6.  IMO.— The  Commons  pray  that  the  re- 
venaee  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster  be  paid  over  by  the  Re- 
ceiver-General to  the  I'reasurer  of  England,  to  be  employed 
forthe  present  necessity  of  the  realm.  Saving  all  fees  payable 
to  the  officers  of  the  Duchy.  Saving  for  Richard  Earl  of 
Warwick.  Answer—Not  to  extend  to  lands  in  feoffment. 
The  ReceiveT'General  to  account  before  auditors  of  Duchy, 
and  not  in  the  Exchequer  .....  861 

XXXV. 

7th  Oct.,  39  Hen.  6. 1460.— Enactment  that  new  Feoffees,  to 
perform  the  will  of  King  Henry  the  Sixth,  be  appointed  in 
room  of  certain  of  the  Feoffees  appointed  under  the  Acta  of 
S3  Hen.  6.  and  ST  Heo.  6,  since  deceased.  The  estate  of  sur- 
viving Feoffees  ihall  cease,  and  the  new  Feoffees  hold  as  fully 
as  the  late.  The  King's  term  and  estate  saved  in  the  premiaee 
demised  by  the  Feoffees.  The  isEues  and  profits  of  the  pre- 
miaeg  to  be  applied  only  in  fulfilment  of  the  King's  will,  though 
demised  to  the  King  by  the  Feoffees  fur  a  farther  term.  The 
tenants  and  resiants  shall  enjoy  the  same  liberties,  &c.,  and 
the  premines  be  managed  by  the  officers  of  the  Duchy  of  Lao- 
caster,  and  under  the  Duchy  seal  ....  S64 

XXXVI. 

4th  Nov.,  1  Edw.  4, 1461.— Enactment  that  Henry,  late  called 
King  Henry  the  Sixth,  be  attainted  of  high  treason,  and  shall 
forfeit  all  his  posgessions  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster  to  the 
Crown; — the  said  possessions  from  ith  March  (a,  d.  1461) 
ehall  be  incorporated,  and  called  "  The  Duchy  of  Lancaster  ;" 


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the  King  to  bold  the  same  to  him  and  hU  hein  King*  of  Eng- 
land. The  county  of  Laocaater,  a  County  Palatine — parcel 
of  the  Duchjr — (hull  have  a  Seal,  Chancellor,  &c.,  another  teal 
called  the  Seal  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaaterj  and  a  ChanoellDr, 
&c  The  offieera  of  the  Duchy,  and  the  tenante,  ihall  enjoy 
all  libertiei,  &&,  ••  la  the  time  of  King  Henry  the  Fifth         .  f 

XXXVII. 

IWh  Nov.,  1  Edv.  4.  IWl.— ConfirmatioD  by  Irupeximut  of  the 
Parliamentary  Charter,  dated  lUh  Oct.,  1  Hen.  i.  1399.  Re- 
dtal  of  Act  declaring  the  forfeiture  by  Henry  the  Sixth  of  hia 
poaaes^ne  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster  to  the  Crown ;— the 
■aid  pcaaesaions  from  4th  March  (a.d.  1461)  ihall  be  Incorpo- 
rated, and  called  "  The  Duchy  of  Lancaster;"  the  King  to 
hold  the  flame  to  him  and  his  heirs  Kings  of  England.  The 
county  of  Lancaaler,  a  County  Palatine — parcel  of  the  Duchy 
— shall  have  a  Seal,  Chsncellur,  &c.,  another  teal  called  the 
Seal  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  a  Chancellor,  &c.  The 
oflicen  of  the  Duchy,  and  the  tenants,  shall  enjoy  all  liberties, 
&c.,  as  in  the  time  of  King  Henry  the  Fifth  .  ,  S 


S3rd  Feb.,  14  Edw.  4.  1 47 5. —Enactment  that  certain  lands, 
parcel  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  be  put  In  feoffment  for 
performance  of  the  will  of  King  Edward  the  Fourth;  his 
intention  being  to  cross  the  sea  in  penan  for  recovery  of  the 
realm  of  France.  The  will  performed,  or  in  case  the  King 
shall  declare  no  will  concerning  the  premises,  the  Feoffees  to 
be  seized  thereof  to  the  use  of  the  King  and  his  heira;  the 
same  to  continue  in  their  hands  as  parcel  of  the  Duchy,  with 
all  libertiei,  &c.,  and  under  rule  of  the  Duchy  officers.  All 
leases,  grants  of  offices,  &c  during  the  King's  life  to  pan 
in  tbe  King's  own  name,  by  warrant  and  under  the  Duchy 
seal.  Feoffaes  to  hold  the  premieea  to  said  intent,  notwith- 
standing any  lease,  &C.  All  officers  at  time  of  tbe  King's 
death  to  continue,  and  all  leases,  grants,  &c.,  thenceforth 
to  be  made  in  name  of  Feoffees  by  warrant,  and  under  the 
Duchy  seal ;  same  to  be  as  good  in  law  as  though  made 
under  «eala  of  Feoffees.  Saving  to  the  Queen.  General 
saving.    Proviso  in  case  of  death  of  Feoffees    .  .3 


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XYIU  CONTENXa. 

XXXIX. 
Irt  Mirch,  14  Edw.  4.  147«. — Bnaduent  tlut  the  OTdinsnoe 
made  6tfa  Oet.  aj>,  1473,  fiir  pajuent  of  the  King*!  debt» 
(assigned  by  Ffttent  Bill  or  TaUy  on  the  poneniona  of  the 
Duchy  of  Laocaater,  Ste,),  upon  proof  of  g<aod  groond  to  be 
g^Ten  to  the  Bsroni  of  the  Exchequer  before  the  Quinzaine 
of  Easter,  a.  D.  1475,  afaall  continue  in  force  until  Seth  May, 
A.  D.  147A  .  .  .  .  .  .  S 

XL. 
SOth  Jan.,  29  Edw.  4. 1 4H3.— Enactment  that  the  King,  in  right 
of  his  Duchy  of  Lancaater,  Bhall  not  be  deprived  of  ward- 
ship and  marriage,  and  reliefs,  by  reason  of  feuSinentB  in 
truat,  &c.  This  Act  not  to  be  prejudicial  to  the  performance 
of  any  wills  of  lands.  Saving  to  the  Kings  reasonable  portion 
of  such  lands  for  the  finding  of  the  heir  during  nonage,  and 
the  wardship  of  the  residue  of  the  lands  after  performance  of 
the  will.  Saving  of  the  King's  prerogative  for  ward  of  the 
body.  Writs  shall  be  granted  out  of  Chancery  against  emtiex- 
■lersof  the  King's  ward  in  right  of  the  Duchy  in  lilce  nuuiner 
as  in  right  of  the  Crown.  The  Judges  in  wiy  of  the  King's 
courts  shall  have  power  to  award  process  by  cofiiiu,  on  in- 
formation of  the  Attorney-General  of  the  Duchy.  The  King, 
in  all  actions  and  suits  in  right  of  the  Duchy,  shall  recover 
damages  as  a  subject.  This  Act  to  take  effect  from  Easter, 
A.  D.  1483.     Not   to   prejudice  the   Bi^op   of  Norwich  and 


XLI. 
7th  Nov.,  1  Hen.  7. 1485.— Recital  of  Act  of  Feoffment  of  aSrd 

Feb.  14  Edw.  4.      Repeal  thereof  from  81st  August,   a.  d. 

1 4SJ.  The  lands  late  in  hands  of  the  Feoffees  under  said  Act, 
the  County  Palatine  of  Laocaster,  and  all  estates  parcel  of  the 
Duchy  (held  by  Kings  Edward  the  Fourth  and  Richard  the 
Third),  vested  in  King  Henry  the  Seventh  and  hie  heirs  for 
ever;  with  all  liberties;  to  he  governed  by  like  officen  and 
seals,  in  as  ample  manner,  separate  frooi  the  crown,  as  in  the 
times  of  King  Henry  the  Fourth,  or  any  snlisequent  King. 
Receivers  and  others  shall  be  chs^^ble  to  the  King  for  all 
monies  due  to  the  late  Kings  Edward  or  Richard.    The  King 


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CONTENTS.  XIX 

to  hare  like  remedy  for  reeoveiy  thereof,  uid  the  derendanta 
like  snawera  for  their  discharge.  All  grauta  of  officea  re- 
quiring actual  exercise,  made  by  the  King  before  tfaii  Act, 
■hall  be  as  valid  as  if  made  linoe ;  all  other  gnuitu  to  officera 
•ctiDg  bf  deputy  ihall  be  void.  Saring  of  right*.  Provin 
for  Cecily  DacheM  of  York.    AwMit    .  .341 

XLIl. 

17th  Oct.,  7  Hen.  T.  IWl.— An  Act  for  putting  landi,  parcel  of 
the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  into  the  haoda  of  Feofleee.  Preamfale 
•tating  the  King's  intended  departure  into  France,  to  war;  the 
honon  of  Lancaster  and  Clithero,  and  diven  other  lordships. 
Sec,  parcel  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  limited  to  Feoffees  to 
the  use  of  the  King's  will.  After  perfbnnance  of  the  said  will, 
or  If  no  will,  the  Feoffees  shall  be  seised  to  the  nse  of  the  King 
and  bb  heirs.  The  same  premises  shall  continue  to  be  parcel 
of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster.  All  officers  and  govemon  of  the 
Duchy  shall  remain,  with  their  fees,  &c.  Feoffments,  leases, 
&c.,  to  be  made  during  the  King's  life  shall  be  good.  Assui^ 
anoe  to  the  Feoffees,  notwithstanding  leases  and  grants-  At 
the  time  of  the  King^  death  officera  shall  remain ;  and  feoff- 
ments, leases,  &c.,  afterwards  shall  be  made  in  the  nsme  of 
the  Feoffees.  Rents  and  services  shall  be  payable  to  the  King 
during  his  life,  with  wards,  marriage*,  and  reliefs ;  and  after 
hie  death  to  the  Feoffees.  The  King  may  lery  arreais.  All 
actions  shall  be  in  his  name.     {Not  nprtnferf.)  .  349 

XLIII. 

SSth  Jan.,  19  Hen.  T.  1504. — An  Act  for  the  appointment  of 
new  Feoffees  in  the  room  of  others  deceased.  Recital  of  Stat. 
7  Hen.  7,  c.  IS,  §  1,  S,  for  limiting  estates  to  Feoffees,  to  the 
use  of  the  King's  will ;  decease  of  several  of  the  said  Feoffees; 
new  Feoffees  app(»nted ;  such  Feoffees  shall  be  seized,  jointly 
with  the  survivors  of  the  former  Feoffees,  to  the  uses  of  the 
retited  Act.  Succeeding  Archbishops,  &c.  shall  become 
Feoffeee  in  the  stead  of  their  predeceasDTs.     (Xot  reprinted.)  .  350 

XLIV. 
16th  Jan.,  33  Hen.  8.  IMS,— An  Act  coneeTning  the  order  of 
Wards  end  Liveries.    {Not  reprinted.)  .  .  .351 


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S3rd  Not.,  37  Hen.  8.  Ui5— An  Act  fur  uinexing  lands  fa 
Duchj  of  LsncMter.    (Not  repHnterf.) 


4th  Nov.,  1  Edw.  6.  I«i7.— An  Act  whereby  certain  diantriea, 
ct^egM,  free  dispell,  and  the  powontriona  of  the  «ame,  be  given 
to  the  King's  MaiMtr.    {Not  reprinted.)         .  .  .3 

XLVII. 

SlstOctl.SandS  Pliit.and  Maiy,  155j.— AnAct  fortbeenlai^ 
ingof  theDuchjr  of  Lancaater.  Preamble  shewing  thedecay  of 
the  revenue*  of  the  Duch;  of  Laacaster ;  all  lands  of  the 
Duclij  alienated  at  nnj  time  since  SBth  Jan.,  I  Edw.  6, 
and  since  then  re-vested  in  him  or  Queen  Marj,  shall  be 
re-united  and  annexed  to  the  Duchf,  aa  in  their  ancient 
estate ;  and  shall  paw  under  the  seal  of  the  Duchy,  Etc. 
Other  lands  may  be  annexed  to  the  said  Duchy  by  the 
Crown;  and  shall  then  be  under  luney  of  the  Duchy  court, 
&c.  in  like  manner  aa  other  lands  of  the  Duchy.  General 
saving  of  titles  of  strangers.  Ancient  Crown  lands,  &c.  shall 
not  be  annexed  under  this  Act.  Rents  shall  be  paid  in  the 
Duchy  court  at  Westminster;  leases  shall  be  sealed  with  the 
Duchy  teal.    {Nat  reprinted.)    .  .  3i 

XLVIII. 

15th  April,  4  and  A  Phil,  aad  Mary,  1519.— Letters  Patent 
under  the  Great  Seal  of  England,  whereby  certain  manors, 
&e.,  in  the  counties  of  Hertford,  Essex,  Bucks,  Suffolk, 
Sussex,  Cambridge,  and  York,  are  annexed  to  the  Duchy  of 
Lancaster  by  the  authority  of  the  Act  of  3nd  and  Srd  of  Phil, 
and  Mary  .  .  .  .  .  .31 


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CJ^aiRCCiRIS 


THE  CBOWN 


bt  autj)p  of  J,anta«(ter. 


idb,  Google 


Pro  Henrico  Cohite  LANcAaTRis. 

nUWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Aagli»  et  Franca» 
et  DomiDus  Hibemiee  archiepiscopia  episcopis  ab- 
batibuB  prioribus  comitibuB  baronibus  justitiariis 
vicecotnitibus  prsepoaids  ministris  et  omnibus  bal- 
UtIb  et  fidelibus  suie  Balutem.  SciadB  quod  cum  nuper  de 
gratia  nostra  Bpeciali  et  ob  affectionem  sinceram  quam  ad 
perBonam  consaDguinei  et  fidelis  noatri,  Henrici  Comitia 
Lancastriee,  gerebamus  et  habuimus,  necnon  in  recompeosa- 
tionem  dampnonim  et  eumptuum  qu«  idem  Cornea  pluries 
et  multiplitnter  auatinuit  pro  conBerratione  honoriB  noetri, 
et  jurium  coronee  nostiee,  ac  uegotiis  regni  noBtri  feliciter 
diiigendia,  per  cartam  noatram  coDcesserimua,  pro  noble  et 
hseredibuB  noetris,  eidem  Comiti  quod  ipse  et  hasredes  aiu 
de  corpore  buo  legitime  procreati  imperpetuum  habeant  re- 
torna  omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  heeredum  nostrorum, 
et  omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio  in  terria  et  feodis  suis ;  et 
etiam  quod  babeant  omnee  fines  et  amerciamenta  omnium 
bominum  et  tenendum  auorum,  felonum  et  fugitivorum, 
et  dampnatorum,  prout  in  eadem  carta  nostra  plenius 
continetur :  Nob  attendentes  laudabilem  gestum  ipsiua  Co- 
mitis  erga  nos  et  nostros,  necnon  ob  sinceram  dilectionem 
quam  ad  perBonam  dilecti  consanguinei  et  fidelis  nostri 
Henrici  Comitia  Derbiae,  filii  preedicti  Comitis,  tarn  propter 
excellentiam  meritorum  quam  locum  magnum  quem  nobis 
et  toti  regno  nostro,  non  absque  laboribus  gravibua  et 
expensis  oneroBis,  tenuit  et  tenet  in  prfeseuti,  gerimus  et 
babemus ;  Volentes  prfemissorum  consideratione  prtefato 
Comiti  Lancaatriee  ampliorem  gratiam  facere  in  faac  parte, 


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For  Hehry  Earl  of  Lakcaste».* 

pIDWARD.  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  If'^S'.z. 
and  Francs,  and  Lord  of  IreUiKl,  to  htB  aixfa-  *'*^  '"*' 
bishops,   bishops,   abbots,  priors,  earls,  barons, 
J  justices,  sherifls,  reeves,  ministers,  and  all   bis 
bailifis   and  faithful   people,   greeting.       Knorw    ye,    that  lUGiidoni- 
whereas  lately  of  our  especial  grace,  and  by  reason  of  the  "'^^K 
nncere  affection   which  we  bad  and  bore   to   the   penoa 
of  our  trusty  couran  Henry  Earl  of  Lancaster,  and   also 
in  reeompence  for  the  costs  and  losses   which  the  same 
E^l  had  many   times   and  in   manifold   ways  sustained 
for  tbe  coDservation  of  our  honor  and  the   rights  of  our 
crown,  and  in  succesaAiIly  directing  the  aflaira  of  our 
realm,  we  did  grant  by  our  charter,  for  us  and  our  beirs^ 
to  the  same  Earl,  that  he  and  the  heirs  of  hia  body  law- 
fully begotten,  for  ever,  should  have  the  return  of  all  writs  a««aidof 
of  us  and  oar  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  tfaeir  arw^ 
lands  and  fees ;  and  also  that  they  should  have  all  fines,  j^J^I""*' 
and  amercements  of  all  their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons 
and  fugitives  and  persons  condemned,  as  in  the  same  our 
charter  more  fully  is  contained :  We,  being  mindful  of  the  ^*^'*- 
pratseworthy  bearing  of  the  same  Earl  towards  us  and  ours,  J'jJ^'***- 
and  also  by  reason  of  the  sincere  love  which  we  have  and 
bear  to  the  person  of  oiu*  beloved  and  trusty  couun  Henry 
Earl  of  Derby,  son  of  the  aforesaid  Earl,  as  well  because 

•  This  Charter,  Burrendered  by  Henry  Earl  of  Lancaster,  «on  and  heir 
of  the  grantee,  was  cancelled  in  23  Edw.  3,  as  appears  hy  the  memo- 
Kodum  in  the  ma^n  of  the  Chuter  Roll  opposite  to  the  <«neelle<l 
Charter. 


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de  grads  noBtra  speciali  conceesimuB,  et  hac  carta  notsLra 
confirmavimus,  pro  nobis  et  faEeredibua  nostris,  preefato 
Comiti  Lancastriee,  quod  ipse  et  haeredes  eui,  de  corpore 
8U0  procreati,  et  omnes  homiDee  Bui  imperpetuum  eint 
quieti  de  pava^o,  paasagio,  pasgio,  lastagio,  Btallagio, 
talUgio,  cariagio,  pesagio,  piccagio,  et  terragio  per  totum 
regnum  et  potestatem  nostram ;  et  etiam  quod  idem  Comes 
et  baeredes  Bui  prsadicti  imperpetuum  habeant  retorna 
omnium  brevium  noBtrorum  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  ac 
Hummonitioaum  de  ecaccario  nostro  et  heeredum  nostro- 
rum, et  attachiamenta  tarn  de  placilJs  coroufe  quam  de 
aliis  quibuacunque  in  omnibuB  terris  et  feodis  suis,  ita 
quod  nuUuB  vicecomes,  vel  alius  ballivus  seu  minister 
noBter,  vel  beeredum  nostrorum,  terras  seu  feoda  ilia  in- 
grediatur,  ad  executiones  eorundem  brevium  et  summoni- 
tionum,  Beu  ad  attachiamenta  de  pladtis  coronse  vel  aliis 
prsedictis,  aut  aliquod  aliud  offictum  ibidem  faciendum, 
nisi  in  defectum  ipsius  Comitis  Lancastriae  et  bseredum 
suorum  praedictorum,  ac  ballivorum  et  ministrorum  suo- 
rum,  in  terris  et  feodis  suis  prsedictiB;  et  etiam  quod 
habeant  catalla  hominum  et  tenentium  suorum,  felonum 
et  fugilivorum,  ita  quod  si  quis  bominum  vel  tenentium 
suorum  pro  delicto  suo  vitam  vel  membrum  debeat  amit- 
tere,  vel  fugerit  et  judicio  stare  noluerit,  vel  aliud  quod- 
cunque  delictum  fecerit,  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeat  perdere, 
ubicunque  justitia  de  eo  fieri  debeat,  sive  in  curia  nostra 
vel  bseredum  nostrorum,  sive  in  alia  curia,  ipsa  catalla 
sint  ipsius  ComiUs  Lancastriee  et  hseredum  suorum  prs* 
dictorum,  et  quod  liceat  eis  seu  ministris  suis,  sine  im- 
pedimento  nostri  vel  beeredum  nostrorum,  vicecomitum, 
aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  ministrorum  nostrorum  quo- 
rumcunque,  ponere  se  in  seiainam  de  catallis  prsedictis, 
et  ea  ad  uaum  ipsiuB  Comitis  Lanca&trise  et  beeredum 


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of  the  excellence  of  his  merits  as  the  good  etead  in  which 
he  h&th  stood  and  at  present  staoda  to  us  and  our  whole 
realm,  not  without  great  labors  and  expensWe  diargea,  and 
willing,  in  conuderation  of  the  premise^  to  shew  more  ample 
favor  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  of  Lancaster  in  this  behalf,  of 
our  especial  grace  have  granted,  and  by  this  our  charter 
have  confirmed,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  the  aforesud  Earl 
of  Lancaster,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  begotten, 
and  all  bis  men  for  ever,  may  be  quit  of  paviag^  passage,   AcqniiiH»* 
payage,  lastage,  stallage,  tallage,  carriage,  pesage,  picage,  fX?"*" 
and  gronndag^  throughout  all  our  realm  and  dominion; 
and  also  that  the  same  Earl,  and  his  heirs  aforescud  for  ever, 
may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  luinn  of 
summons  of  the  excfaequer  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  the  ^'°™'*' 
attachment   as   well  of  pleas  of  the   crown   as  of  other  J^^^','^ 
pleas   whatsoever  in   all  his  lands  and   fees,  so  that  no  ^SH!^'*'* 
sheriff  or  other   bailiff  or  minister   of  us   or  our  heirs 
may  enter  those  lands  or  fees  to  execute  the  same  writs 
and  summons,  or  to  make  attachment  of  pleas  of  the  crown 
or  other  pleas  aforesaid,  or  to  do  any  other  office  there, 
unless  in  default  of  the  same  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  his 
heirs  aforesaid,  and  his  bailiff  and  ministers  in  his  lands 
and  fees  aforesaid ;  and  also  that  they  may  have  the  chattels  chMi.ii  or 
of  their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives,  so  that 
if  any  one  of  their  men  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb 
for  his  offence,  or  shall  flee  and  be  unwilling  to  stand  hia 
trial,  or  commit  any  other  offence  for  the  which  he  ought 
to  lose  his  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  shall  be  bad  of  him, 
whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs  or  in  any  other 
court,  such  chattels  shall  belong  to  the  same  Earl  of  Lan- 
caster and  bis  heirs  aforesaid ;  and  that  it  shall  be  lawful 
for  them  or  their  ministers,  without  hinderaoce  of  us  or 
our  hnrs,  or  of  our  sheriA  or  otiier  baili6b  or  ministers 


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pnediGtorum  retdoere;  ac  etiam  quod  habeant 
imperpetuum  omnee  fines  pro  transgreBmonibus  et  aliis 
delictis  quibuBcunque,  et  edam  fines  pro  Ucentia  coDOor- 
dandi,  ac  omnia  amerciamenta,  redemptiones  et  -  exitus 
foriefiutoB,  ac  forislacturaB,  annum  diem  et  Tastum,  et 
streppum,  et  omnia  quee  ad  nos  et  haeredes  noetros  per- 
tinere  potenmt  de  hujusmodi  anno  die  et  Tsato,  et 
murdris,  de  omnibuB  bominibus  et  tenentibus  de  tenis  et 
feodia  suis  quibuscnnqu^  in  quibuscimqae  curiis  nostris  et 
hsredum  nostrorum  homines  et  tenentee  illoe,  tam  coram 
nobis»  et  b»redibiu  Doetris,  et  in  cancellana  nostra,  et 
hserediun  nostrorum,  ac  coram  tbesaurario  et  baronibus 
nostrifl  et  hseredura  nostrorum  de  scaccario,  et  coram  ju^ 
titiariia  nostris  et  bsredum  nostrorum  de  banco,  et  coram 
senescallo,  et  marescallis,  aeu  clerico  mercati  hoapitU 
noetri  et  hsBredum  noetrorum,  qui  pro  tempore  fuerint, 
et  aliiB  curiis  nostris  et  heeredum  nostrorum,  quam  coram 
justitiariii  itinerantibua  ad  oommunia  pladta  et  ad  pla> 
dta  forestse,  et  quibuscunque  alits  justttiariis  et  ministris 
nostris  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  tam  in  prsesentia  nostra 
et  hieredum  nostrorum  quam  in  absentia  nostra  et  he- 
redum  nostrorum,  fines  focere,  vel  amerciari,  exitus  fo- 
risfacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum,  seu  forisfacturas,  et 
murdra  adjudicari  contigerit;  qtue  fines,  amerciamenta* 
redemptiones^  exitus,  aDDUs  dies  vastum,  sire  streppum, 
foria&cturffi,  et  murdra,  ad  nos  vel  hsredes  noetroe  pos- 
sent  pertinere,  ei  pne&to  Comiti  Lancaatriie  et  hseiedlbiu 
Buia  pradietis  concessa  non  fuiaaent :  Ita  quod  idem  Comes 
LaDcastrise  et  bieredes  sui  preedicti,  per  se  vel  per  balliros 
et  ministros  suofl,  fines,  amerciamenta,  redemptiones,  exitus, 
et  forisfacturas  hujusmodi  hominum  et  tenendum  suorum 
jn^edictorum,  et  omnia  quea  ad  nos  et  hseredes  noetros  per- 
tinere  potenmt  de  anno  die  et  vasto,  eive  streppo,  et  mup< 


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wbomBoever,  to  put  tbemselves  in  seisin  of  the  chatt«b 
aforesKid,  and  to  retaiD  tbem  to  the  use  of  the  same  Eari 
of  Lancaster  aud  his  heirs  aforesaid;  sod  also  that  they 
may  have  for  ever  all  Sues  for  trespasses  and  other  offences 
whatsoerer,  and  also  the  fiues  for  licence  to  agree,  and 
all  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited  issues  and  for- 
feitures, year,  day,  and  waste,  and  estrepements,  and  all 
things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  like 
year,  day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in  respect  of  all  the  men 
and  tenants  of  their  lands  and  fees  whatsoever,  in  any 
soever  of  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs  where  such  men 
and  tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  or  for- 
feit issues,  or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfeitures  and 
murders,  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  and  our 
heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heiis,  and  before 
the  treasurer  and  barons  of  tfae  exchequer  of  us  and  our 
heirs,  and  before  the  justices  of  the  bench  of  us  and  our 
heirs,  and  before  the  steward  and  marsfaals  or  the  clerk 
of  the  market  of  the  household  of  us  and  our  heirs  for 
the  time  being,  and  in  other  tlie  courts  of  us  aod  our  heirs, 
as  before  the  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas 
and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  before  all  other  justices  and 
ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  in  pre- 
sence of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  us  and  our 
heirs,  which  fines,  amercements,  ransoms,  issues^  yev, 
day,  waste,  or  estrepeinenl^  forfeitures  and  muiden,  would 
pertain  to  us  or  our  heirs  if  they  had  not  been  granted  to 
the  aforesaid  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  his  bdrs  aforesaid;  so 
that  the  same  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  by 
themselves  or  by  their  bailiffs  and  ministers,  may  levy,  per- 
ceive, and  have  the  fines,  amercements,  ransoms,  issues,  and 
forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and  tenants  aforesaid,  and  all 
things  which  can  pertain  to  ua  and  our  heirs  of  the  year. 


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dria  prsdictiB  levare,  percipere,  et  bi^re  possint, — eioe 
occasione  vel  impeditnento  noetri  vel  heeredum  nofitrorum, 
juetitiariorum,  eacaetorum,  Ticecomitum,  corooatorum,  sut 
alioruio  balliTomm  seu  minietronim  Dostrorum,  quorum- 
cunqufl.  Quare  volumus  et  flnniter  preecipimus  pro  nobia 
et  hseredibus  Doatria  quod  praefatue  Comes  LaDcastiiee  et 
hffiredes  aui  prsedicti  imperpetuum  habeant  omnes  liber- 
tatee  et  quietancias  prsdictas,  eicut  prsedictum  est,  eteis,  ac 
earum  qualibet  decaetero  plene  gaudeant  et  utantiir.  Hiis 
teatibus  renerabllibus  patribua  Johanne  Cantuarieosi  Archie- 
piBcopo,  totiua  Aaglife  Primate,  R.  DuDelnieDsi,  et  R.  Lon- 
dinensi,  Episcopia,  Willielmo  de  Bohun  Comite  Norhamp- 
toniae,  Tboma  Comite  Warwici,  Ricardo  Comite  Anindelliee, 
Henrico  de  Percy,  Hugone  le  DespenBer,  Roberto  Par- 
Dyng  Cancellario  noatro,  Radulpho  de  Stafford  SeBescallo 
hoepitii  ooatri,  et  aliia.  Data  per  manum  □«tram  apud 
WeBtmonasterium  septitoo  die  Maii  anno  regni  nostri  An- 
gltte  sextodedmo,  regni  vero  nostri  Francite  tertio. 

Per  ipaum  Regem. 
"  Memorandum  quod  esbibita  ieta  carta  per  Heoricum 
Comitem  Lancastriae  filium  prsedicti  ComitiB  et  periecta 
coram  Rege  et  Concilio  buo  habitaque  inde  deliberatione 
pleniori,  videbatur  eidem  Regi  et  Concilio  suo  dictam  car- 
tam  in  maximum  dampnum  et  nimiam  exhieredationem 
Regie  fuieae  factam,  per  quod,  de  assenau  tam  ipeiuB  Re^s 
et  Contalii  aui  quam  dicti  Comitis,  carta  iBta,  quam  dictUB 
Comes  eidem  Regi  reddidit,  revocata  et  dampnata  fuit  ac 
cancellata,  et  omnino  adnullata,  ita  quod  extunc  nulliue 
foret  valoriB  vel  vigoris,  et  pro  reatitutione  dictse  cartas  et 
pro  bono  obaequio  dicti  Comitie  Regi  impendendo,  idem 
Rex  per  llteras  Buas  patentee  sub  data  viceBimo  quinto  die 
Septembria,  anno  regni  Regis  hujuamodi  vicesimo  tertio 
concessit  eidem  Comiti  libertatea  in  dicta  carta  contentas 


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day,  ftnd  wsste,  or  estrepement,  and  murders  aforesud, — 
without  let  or  hinderaDce  of  ub  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our 
justices,  escbeators,  ehniffi,  coroners,  or  other  our  bulifi 
or  miniBtera  whomsoever.  Wherefore  we  will  and  strictly 
command,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid  Earl  of 
Laocaster  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  for  ever,  may  have  all 
the  liberties  and  acquittances  aforesaid,  as  is  aforesaid, 
and  henceforth  may  fully  use  and  enjoy  them  and  every 
of  them.  These  being  witnesses,  the  venerable  fathers 
John  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England; 
Richard  Bishop  of  Durham;  Ralph  Bishop  of  London; 
William  de  Bohun,  Earl  of  Northampton;  Thomas  Earl 
of  Warwick;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  Henry  de  Percy; 
Hugh  le  Despenser;  Robert  Pamyn^  our  Chancellor; 
Ralph  de  Stafford,  Steward  of  our  household,  and  others. 
Given  under  our  hand  at  Westmiaster,  on  the  seventh  day 
of  May,  in  the  sixteenth  year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and 
the  third  of  our  reign  of  France. 

By  the  King  himself. 
*'  Be  it  remembered  that  this  charter,  having  been  ex-  f^^ 
bibited  by  Henry  Earl  of  Lancaster,  son  of  the  aforesaid  fj;^^ 
Earl,  and  read  over  before  the  King  and  his  Council,  and  the  |f^  " 
fullest  deliberation  being  had  thereupon,  it  did  seem  to 
the  same  King  and  his  Counral  that  the  aud  charter  was 
made  to  the  very  great  damage  and  excessive  disherison  of 
the  King ;  whereupon,  with  the  assent  as  well  of  the  same 
King  and  his  Council  as  of  the  said  Earl,  this  charter,  which 
the  said  Earl  surrendered  to  the  same  King,  was  revoked, 
condemned,  and  cancelled,  and  altogether  annulled,  so  that 
thenceforth  it  should  be  of  no  force  nor  value ;  and  for  the 
resUtution  of  the  said  charter  aud  for  the  said  Earl's  good 
service  to  be  done  to  the  King,  the  same  King,  by  bis  letters 
patent,  bearing  date  the  25th  day  of  September,  in  the  SStd 


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ID  omnibus  terris  auis  ad  totam  ntun  ipeius  Comitis  ha- 
beadas.  £t  concordatum  est  quod  omnes  carte  iode  si^l> 
late  re§tituaiitur  et  dampnetitur,  et  e\  quas  imposterum 
iurente  fuerint  aon  restltutae,  pro  nullia  babeautur  et 
omnwn  vim  perdaot  et  vigorem.'" 


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year  of  the  same  King's  reign*  did  grant  to  the  same  Earl 
to  have  the  liberties  in  the  sud  charter  contained  in  all  bis 
lands  for  tiie  whole  life  of  the  same  EarL  And  it  was 
agreed  that  all  the  charters  thereof,  sealed,  should  be  re- 
stored and  condemned,  and  if  any  were  thereafter  found  not 
restored,  they  should  be  held  as  null  and  lose  all  force  and 
effect" 


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Fbo  Henrico  Couite  Lancastri.£. 

DWA.RDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglise  at  Frand» 
etDonuDusHibeniise  omnibua  ad  quae  preeBentes 
literfe  perYenerint,  aalutem.  Sciatia  quod  cum 
nosnuperpercartaiDuostramconcesseninus  Hen- 
rico tunc  Comiti  Lancastrise  coneangnineo  Dostro  diversaa  li- 
bertates  et  quietaatias  *  sub  certa  fonna  babendas ;  nog  f  ad 
boc  quod  dilectua  coiisanguiDeua  et  fidelis  noeter  Henricus 
nunc  Comes  Lancaetriae,  filiua  et  bceres  preedicti  Henrici, 
spontanea  voluntate  et  mero  motu  dictam  cartam  in  cancel- 
Una  nostra  cancellandam  reatituit  et  dampnandam,  remittens 
pro  Be  et  beeredibua  suis  nobis  et  hceredibus  nostris  omni- 
moda  jiu  et  clamium,  quae  ratione  dictae  cart£e  ipsi  Comiti 
aut  beeredibua  suis  jam  competunt  aut  imposterum  compe- 
tere  potenint  quovismodo,  X  considerationem  babentes  ac 
volentes  eidem  nunc  Comili  Lancaetrise  gratiam  facere  spe- 
cialetn  conces^mus,  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus  nostris,  prsefato 
nunc  Comiti  quod  ipse  omnes  et  siagulas  libertates  et  quie- 
tantias  in  dicta  carta  contentas,  in  omnibua  terris  et  feodis 
quie  jam  possidet,  babeat  et  eis  gaudeat  ad  totam  vitam  suam; 
videlicet,  quod  ipse  et  omnes  botnines  sui  sint  quieti  de  pa- 
vagio,  passagio,  paagio,  lastagio,  stallagi(^  tallagio,  cariagio, 
pesagio,  piccagio,  et  terragio,  per  totum  regnum  et  potesta- 

*  Sub  eerta  forma  habetidat.l  The  originB]  CharteT  has  Uicae  words, 
"  habendat  tibi  et  hmdibu*  de  corpore  tuo  procreatU  in  cmmibui  terra  et 
Jeodu  suis  iniperpetuuBi." 

t  Ad  Aoc.]  Written  on  an  erasure.    In  the  original  Charter  "pro  eo." 
X  Contideralionetii.']    Before  this  word  occurs  a  blank  left  hy  erasure. 
Id  the  original  Cliarter  are  the  words  "  Not  ad  hoc." 


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For  Hemrt  Earl  of  Lancaster.* 

nDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  Km^S: 
and  France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  *"'  '"*' 
the  present  letters  shall  come,  greeting.     Know  oIkut'^ 
ye,  that  whereas  we  lately,  hy  our  charter,  did  i^^i'.'i. 
grant  to  Henry  then  Earl  of  Lancaster,  our  cousin,  divers 
liberties  and  acquittances,  to  have  under  a  certain  form. 
We,  for  that  our  trusty  and   beloved  cousin   Henry  now 
Earl  of  Lancaster,  son  and  heir  of  the  aforesaid  Henry, 
hath  of  his  own  free  will  and   mere  motion   surrendered  ^J^^' 
the  said  charter  into  our   chancery,  to  be  cancelled  and 
condemned,  remitting  for  himself  and  his  heirs  to  us  and 
our  heiiB  all  manner  of  right  and  claim  which  by  reason 
of  the  sud  charter  do  now  or  hereafter  can  in   any  wise 
happen   to  tbe   said  Earl  or  his  heirs,  having  considera-  g™'^ 
tion  hereunto,  and  being  willing  to  shew  to  tbe  same  now 
Earl  of  Lancaster  especial  favor,  have  granted  for  us  and 
our  beirs,  to  the  aforesaid  now  Earl,  that  he  may  have 
all  and  singular  the  liberties  and  acquittances  contuned  in 
the  said  charter  in  all  the  lands  and  fees  which  be  now 
possesses,  and  may  enjoy  them  for  the  whole  of  his  life ; 
that  is  to  say,  that  he  and  all  his  men  be  quit  of  paviage,  Aoaniitu» 

1        .  .11  .11  •  «ftOll»,*!. 

passage,  payage,  lastage,  stallage,  tallage,  carnage,  pesage, 
picage,  and  groundage,  throughout  all  our  realm  and  domi-  B«tDra  of 
nion ;  and  also  that  the  same  Earl  may  have  the  return  of  lummoiMor 
all  writs  of  us  and  our  beirs,  and  summons  of  the  exchequer  quM; 

*  The  original  Charter,  under  the  great  eeti  of  England,  is  preserved 
in  the  archives  of  the  Duohjr  of  Ltmcaater. 


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tern  nostram ;  et  etiam  quod  idem  Comes  habeat  retorna 
omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  bseredum  nostrorum,  ac  sum- 
moDitionum  de  ecaccario  oostro  et  bseredum  noatrorum,  et 
attach  iamenta  tam  de  placitis  cofodeb  quam  de  alita  quibua- 
cumque,  in  omnibus  tenia  et  feodis  Buis ;  Ita  quod  nuUus 
Ticecomea  vel  alius  ballivus  «eu  miuister  noater  vel  hsere- 
dam  nostrorum  terras  *Bea  feoda  ilU  ingrediatur  ad  exe- 
cutioneB  eorandem  brevium  et  summoDitiouum,  seu  ad 
attacbiamenta  de  pUcitis  coroiue  vel  aliis  prsedictis  aut 
aliqood  aliud  offidum  ibidem  faciendum,  nisi  in  defectum 
iprins  ComitJs  et  baUiTonun  ac  ministronim  suorum  in  terra 
et  feodis  suis  preedictis.  Et  etiam  quod  habeat  catalla  bo> 
mJDum  et  tenentium  suorum  felonum  et  fugitivorum ;  ita 
quod  si  quis  h<8ninara  vel  tenentium  suorum  pro  delicto 
suo  vitam  vel  membnmi  debeat  amittere,  vel  fiigerit  et 
judicno  stare  noluerit,  vel  aliud  quodcumque  delictum  fe- 
cerit,  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeat  perdere,  (ubicumque 
de  eo  justitia  fieii  debea^  sive  in  curia  nostra  vel  hnredum 
oostromm,  sive  in  aHa  curia,)  ipsa  catalla  unt  ipsius  Comi- 
tis;  et  quod  liceat  ei  seu  ministris  suis,  sine  impedimento 
nostri  vel  bseredum  nostrorum  vicecomitum  aut  aiionun  bal- 
livonim  seu  ministronim  nostrorum  quorumcumque,  ponere 
se  in  seisinam  de  catalUs  prsedictis^  et  ea  ad  usum  ipsius 
Comids  retiuere.  Ac  etiam  quod  babeat  f  ad  totam  vitam 
auam  omnes  fines  pro  transgressionibus  et  aliis  delictis 
quibuscumque,  et  etiam  fines  pro  licentia  concordandi,  ac 
omnia  amerciamenta,  redemptiones,  et  exitus  forisfactos  ae 
forisfacturas,  annum  diem  et  vaetum,  et  streppum,  et  omnia 
qute  ad  nos  et  hseredes  nostros  pertinere  poterunt  de  hujus- 
modi  anno  die  et  vasto,  et  murdris,  de  omnibus  hominibns  et 
tenentibus  de  terns  et  feodis  suis  quibuscumque  in  qui- 

•   Seu.]     In  the  original  Charter  "vel." 

t  Ad  totam  vitam  juam.]     Written  on  an  cntsur&     In  the   original 
ChsTtei "  imperprtuum." 


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of  ufl  and  out  h«re,  and  the  attainment  as  weU  of  pleas  of  Mi«i>n>n( 
the  crown  as  of  other  pleas  nhatsoerer  in  all  his  lands  and  ihccnwn. 
fees,  so  that  no  sheriff  or  other  bailiff  or  minister  of  us  or 
our  heirs  may  enter  those  lands  or  fees  to  execute  the  same 
writs  and  summons,  or  to  make  attachment  of  pleas  of  the 
crown  or  other  pleas  aforesaid,  or  to  do  any  other  office 
there,  unless  in  default  of  the  same  Earl  and  his  bulifb 
and  ministers  in  his  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.  And  also  ciutuiisr 
that  he  may  hare  the  chattels  of  his  men  and  tenants^ 
heing  felons  and  fu^tivee,  bo  that  if  any  one  of  his  men 
or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  fot  his  offence,  or 
shall  flee  and  be  unwilling  to  stand  his  trial,  or  commit 
any  other  offence  for  the  which  he  ought  to  lose  bis 
chattels,  wheresoever  justice  8hal>  be  had  of  him,  whether 
in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs  or  any  other  court,  such 
chattels  shall  belong  to  the  same  Earl;  and  that  it  shall 
be  lawful  tor  him  or  his  ministers  without  bioderaoce  of 
ua  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sberifis,  or  other  buhfi  or  miais- 
ters  whomsoever,  to  put  themselves  in  seizin  of  the  chattels 
aforesaid,  and  to  retain  them  to  the  use  of  the  same  Earl. 
And  also  that  be  may  have  for  the  whole  of  his  life  all  fid»  nd 
fines  for  trespasses  and  other  ofiences  whatsoever,  and  also  BiDti.  fu- 
the  fines  for  licence  to  agree,  and  all  amercetnents,  ransoms,  ' 
and  forfeited  issueE^  and  forfeitures,  year,  day,  and  waste, 
and  estrepement,  and  all  things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and 
our  heirs  of  the  like  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in 
respect  of  all  tlie  men  and  tenants  of  his  lands  and  fees 
whatsoever  in  any  soever  of  tiie  courts  of  us  and  our 
heirs  where  such  men  and  tenants  shall  happen  to  make 
fine  or  be  amerced,  or  forfeit  issues,  or  such  year,  day, 
and  waste,  or  forfeitures,  and  murders  hajqien  to  be 
adjudged,  as  well  before  ua  and  our  heirs,  and  in  the 
chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the  treasurer 


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buBcunque  curiis  nostris  et  hseredum  nostronim  hominea 
et  tenentea  illos,  tarn  coram  nobis  et  hsretUbus  noatrie^  et  in 
cancellaria  noetra  et  hseredum  Dostrorum,  ac  coram  the- 
Baurario  et  barontbua  iiostris  et  hseredum  noatrorum  de 
scaccario,  ac  coram  justitiariis  noatria  et  heredum  dob- 
trorum  de  banco,  et  coram  aeneacallo  et  mareacallie  aeu 
clerico  mercati  bospitii  aostri  et  beeredum  nostronim, 
qui  pro  tempore  Rierint,  et  aliis  curiis  nostris  et  bseiedum 
nostronim,  quam  coram  juatitiariis  itinerantibua  ad  com- 
mimia  placita  et  ad  piacita  foreatse,  et  quibuecumque  aliia 
justitiariis  et  ministris  nostrig  et  beeredum  noatrorum,  tam 
in  prsesentia  nostra  et  bsredum  nostronim  quam  absentia 
nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  fines  facere,  vel  amerciari, 
exitus  foriafacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum,  seu  foriaftwturas, 
et  murdra,  adjudicari  contigerit ;  quae  fines,  amerciamenta, 
redemptioneS)  exltua,  annus  dies  'vastum,  aive  streppum, 
forisfacturffi,  et  murdra,  ad  dob  vel  heeredea  noatros  possent 
pertinere  u  prffifato  Comiti  conceaaa  non  fuissent :  ita  quod 
idem  Cornea  per  se  vel  per  ballivoB  et  ministroB  suos  fines, 
amerciamenta,  redemptiones,  exitus,  et  foriafecturas,  bujus- 
modi  bominum  et  tenendum  suorum  predictorum,  et  omnia 
quae  ad  noa  et  heeredes  noBtroB  pertinere  poterunt  de  anno 
die  et  vaato  sive  streppo,  et  murdris  pnedictis,  levare,  per- 
cipere,  et  habere  poaaint;  sine  occasione  vel  impedimento 
noatri  vel  hteredum  noatrorum,  justitiariorum,  escaetorum, 
ricecomitum,  coronatorum,  aut  aliorum  balliTorum  aeu 
miniatrorum  nostrorum  quorumcumque.  In  cujus  rei  tea- 
timonium  has  literaa  noatras  Gen  fedmus  patentes.  Teste 
me  ipao  apud  Westmonosterium  vicesimo  quinto  die  Sep- 
tembris  anno  regni  noatri  Anglin  ricesimo  tertio,  regnt  vero 
noatri  Franciie  dedmo. 

Per  breve  de  privato  si^Uo. 

*   Vtutum.1    In  the  original  ChartcT  "  et  tuiiu».'' 


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and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  ug  and  our  heirs,  and  be- 
fore  the  justices  of  the  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs  and  be- 
fore the  steward  and  marshals  or  the  clerk  of  the  market  of 
the  household  of  us  and  our  heirs  for  the  time  hang,  and 
in  other  the  courts  of  ub  and  our  heirs,  as  before  the  justices 
in  eyre,  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and 
before  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs 
whomsoever,  as  well  in  presence  of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  ab- 
sence of  us  and  our  heirs;  which  fines,  amercements,  ransoms, 
issues,  year,  day,  waste,  or  estrepement,  forfeitures  and  mur- 
ders, would  pertain  to  us  or  our  heirs  if  they  had  not  been 
granted  to  the  aforesaid  Earl:  so  that  the  same  Earl,  by 
himself  or  by  his  bailiffs  and  ministers,  may  levy,  perceive, 
and  have  the  fines,  amercements,  ransoms,  issues,  and  for- 
feitures of  such  his  men  and  tenants  aforesaid,  and  all 
things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  year, 
day,  and  waste,  or  estrepement,  and  murders  aforesaid; 
without  let  or  hinderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  jus- 
tices, escheators,  sberilb,  coroners,  or  other  our  bailiff  or 
ministers  whomsoever.  Id  witness  whereof,  we  have  caused 
these  our  letters  to  be  made  patent.  Witness  ourself  at 
Westminster,  on  the  twenty-fifth  day  of  September,  in  the 
twen^-third  year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and  in  the  tenth 
of  our  reign  of  France. 

By  writ  of  {«ivy  seaL 


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Pro  Henrico  Duce  Iuincastrije. 

R«L  F^.      rjHjK-— ^DWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglic  et  Franciee 
p.i.m.i8.hi   bJ  qeS^   et  Dominus  HibemiKomDibuBadquoaprseBentes 

TiHT.  land.      H         KOf  ' 

y  IeT^I  literse  perTeneriot,  salutem.  Sciatia  quod  etsi  noa, 
-8"p^t-l  debita  consideratioDfl  peoBantes  gestus  magnificos 
cunctorum  qui  nobis  in  gueiris  aoBtris  laudabiliter  et  atrenue 
servienmt,  ipsos  deeideremus  bonoribus  attollere  et  pro  vi- 
ribua  juxta  merita  preemiare,  quanto  ma^a  consanguineos 
noBtroa,  quoB  tam  in  sapientia  quam  ia  geetu  nobiU  alios  prse- 
cellere  conspieimus,  et  qui  nobis  locum  lenuerunt  et  tenere 
poterunt  potiorem,  dob  eouvenit  majoribus  bonoribus  et  gra- 
tiis  pTsrogare.  CJoDsideTaDtes  itaque  probitatem  Btrenuam 
et  sapientiam  prsecellentem  consaDguinei  noBtri  carissimi 
Henrici  Ck>nutie  Lancastrise,  qui  nuUie  cedenB  laboribus  et 
expensis  semper  ae  nobis  obsequiosum  exhibuit^  et  pro  nobis 
pluries  in  oeceSBitatibua  intrepide  se  gueiranim  exponena 
discriminibus  de  inimicie  nostris  magnifice  triumpbarit,  ad 
totius  oationia  Anglicanee  titulos  honorifice  recolendos  qua- 
liter  condignam  sibi  retributionem  poterimus  facere  non  vi- 
demuB;  sed  quia  dignum  est  ut  tanta  factorum  magnalia 
celebrioris  nominis  excellentis  Bubsequatur,  de  assensu  prae- 
latorum  et  procerum  in  inBtanti  parliamento  noatro  apud 
WeBtmonaBterium  convocato  ezistentium,  prtefiito  Henrico 
nomen  Duds  Laocafitriae  imponimus  et  ipBum  de  nomine 
Ducis  dicti  loci  per  cincturam  gladii  pneBentialiter  inves- 
timuB.  Et  cum  exaJtationem  nominis  concomitare  con- 
veniat  adjecUo  commodi  et  honoriB,  Iseto  corde  concessimus, 
pro  nobis  et  bsredibue  noetria,  pnefoto  Duci,  quod  ipse  ad 


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III. 

Fob  Henry  Duke  op  Lancaster.* 

n  DWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  EagUnd  stu  uioi, 
\  and  France  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  «■n-tuV 
the  present  letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know 
ye,  that  if  we,  weighing  with  due  conuderation 
the  noble  bearings  of  all  those  who  laudably  and  stre- 
nuously have  served  us  in  our,  wars,  be  desirous  of 
raising  tiiem  to  honors,  and  rewarding  them  for  their 
valour  according  to  their  merits,  how  much  more  doth 
it  become  ua  to  advance  with  greater  honors  and  favors 
our  cousins,  whom  we  see  excelling  others  as  well  in  wis- 
dom as  in  noble  bearing,  and  who  have  stood  and  may 
stand  us  in  better  stead.  Considering,  therefore,  the  8tr&- 
nuons  goodness  and  excellent  wisdom  of  our  most  dear 
cousin  Henry  Earl  of  Lancaster,  who,  yielding  to  no  labor 
and  charges,  hath  ever  shewn  himself  ready  to  serve  ua, 
and  many  times  in  our  need  intrepidly  exposing  himself 
for  us  to  the  dangers  of  war,  hath  nobly  triumphed  over 
our  enemies,  we  do  not  see  how  we  shall  be  able  to  make 
htm  a  suitable  retribution  that  may  honorably  record  the 
remembrances  of  the  whole  English  nation;  but,  because 
it  is  meet  such  great  and  valiant  deeds  should  attain 
the  excellence  of  a  more  famous  name,  vrith  the  assent  h«itEui 
of  the  prelates  and  nobles  assembled  in  our  present 
parliament  convoked  at  Westminster,  we  do  impose  upon 
the    aforesaid  Henry   the   name   of  Duke  of  Lancaster, 

•  The   originBl  Chwter  does  not  now  eiiit  in   the  HchiTCB  of  the 
Dncby  of 


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totam  vitam  Buam  habeat  infra  eundem  comitatum  cancella- 
riam  siiam,  ac  brevia  sua  sub  sigiUo  suo  pro  offido  canceU 
larii  deputaodo  conBignaoda,  justitiarios  buos  tarn  ad  placita 
coroDK  qiiam  ad  queecumque  alia  placita  communem  legem 
tan^entia  tenenda,  ac  cognitionee  eorundem,  et  quaecum- 
que  executiones  per  brevia  sua  et  minietroB  suos  ibidem 
faciendas,  et  qutecumque  alia  libertates  et  jura  regalia  ad 
comitem  palatioum  pertiueutia,  adeo  integre  et  libera  sicut 
Comes  Ceetris  infra  eundem  comitatum  Ceatrise  dinoscitur 
obtinere  (decimis  et  quinttsdedmia  et  aliis  quotis  et  sub- 
sidiis  nobis  et  heeredibus  nostris  per  communitatem  regni 
noBtri,  et  decimis  et  aliis  quotie  per  clerum  ejusdem  regni 
nobis  concessis  et  imposterum  concedendis,  aut  eidem  clero 
per  sedem  apostolicam  impositis  et  imponendis,  ac  par- 
donationibus  ritee  et  membrorum  in  casu  quo  aliquis  ejus- 
dem comitatua  aut  alius  iu  eodem  comitatu  pro  aliquo 
delicto  vitam  vel  membnim  amittere  debeat,  ac  etiam 
superioritate  et  potestate  corrigeudi  e&  quae  in  curiis  ejus- 
dem Ducis  ibidem  erronice  facta  fuerint,  vel  si  idem  Dux 
aut  ministri  sui  in  Juatitia  in  curiis  ejusdem  Duds  inibt 
facienda  defecerint,  semper  salvia).  'Et  est  intenUonie 
nostrse  quod  idem  Dux,  ad  mandata  nostra  et  hseredum 
nostrorum,  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  nostra  duos  milites 
pro  communitate  comitatua  pra^icti  et  duos  burgensee  de 
quolibet  burgo  ejusdem  comitatusad  Cractandum  cum  aliis 
de  communitate  dicti  regni  noBtri  ad  eadem  parliamenta  et 
concilia  venientibus  de  negotiis  dicti  regni  nostri  in  eisdem 
parliamentis  et  conciliis  exponendis  mittere  teneatur.  Et 
quod  idem  Dux  certos  homines  fideles  et  sufficientes  ad 
bujusmodi  dedmas  et  quintasdecimas  subsidia  et  alia  quota 
quotiens  ea  nobis  seu  bseredibus  noBtris  in  parliamentis  seu 
condliis  concedi  contigerit  assignet ;  ita  quod  nobis  et  bse- 
redibus nostria  de  sic  conceBsis  respondeatur  per  eosdem. 


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and   presently   do   invest  him   with   the   name   of  Duke 
of  the  sud  place  by  girding  of  the  sword.      And  since 
it   is   becoming   that   addition  of  honor    and    advantage 
should  accompany  excellency  of  name,  we  have  granted 
with  cheerful  heart,  for  us  and  our  heirs*  unto  the  afore* 
said  Duke,  that  be  for  the  whole  of  big   life  may  have  onattsbiu 
within   the  same  county  his   chancery,   and   his  writs   to  Sl^J^J^ 
be  sealed  under  his  seal  to  be  deputed  for  the  office  of  '*■«»••"■ 
the  chancellor,  his  justices  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the 
crown  as  all  other  pleas  whatsoever  touching  the  common 
law,  and  the  cognisance  thereof,  and  all  manner  of  exe- 
cution to  be  made  by  his  write  and  his  ministers  there, 
and  all   other  liberties  and  jvra   regalia   pertaining  to  a  uuim*"- 
Count   Palatine,  as  freely   and   entirely   as   the   Earl   of  [||I^'^'^* 
Chester  is  well  known  to  obtain  within  the  same  county  of  '*"''•■ 
Chester:  (saving  always  the  tenths  and  fifteenths,  and  other 
contributions  and  subsidies  granted  and  hereafter  to  be 
granted  to  us  and  our  heirs  by  the  commonalty  of  our 
realm,  and   the  tenths   and   other   contributions  granted 
and  hereafter  to  be  granted  to  us  by  the  clergy  of  the 
same  our  realm,   or   imposed   and   to   be   imposed   upon 
the  same  clergy  by  the  apostolic  see ; — and  the  pardon  of 
life  and  Hmbs  in  case  that  any  person  of  the  same  county, 
or  other  person  in  the  same  county,  ought  for  any  delict  to 
lose  his  life  or  limb; — and  also  the  superiority  and  power 
of  correcting  those  things  whid)  shall  have  been  erro- 
neously done  there  in  the  courts  of  the  same  Duke,  or  if 
the  same  Duke  or  his  ministers  shall  have  &iled  in  doing 
justice  there  also  in  the  courts  of  the  same  Duke.)     And  TUDnkam 

^     _  '  «nd  knlihu 

it  is  our  intention  that  the  same  Duke,  at  the  mandates  of  ^^'. 
ue  and  our  heirs,  be  held  to  send  to  our  parliaments  and  l^toftt- 
councils  two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  shire  afore-  "™"" 
said,  and  two  burgesses  from  every  borough  of  the  same 


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11 

In  cujus  rei  teBtimonium  has  litems  oostraa  fieri  fecimus 
patentea.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Westmonasterium  sexto  die 
Mardi  anno  regni  nostri  An^lue  Ticeaimo  quinto,  regni  vero 
noatri  Francis  duodecima 


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11 

shire,  to  treat  with  the  others  of  the  commonalty  of  our 
said  realm  coming  to  the  eame  parliaments  and  councils 
concerning  the  affairs  of  our  sud  realm  in  the  same  parlia- 
ments and  councils  to  be  declared.     And  that  the  same  mdio»- 
Duke   shall  assign  certiun  trusty  and    sufficient  men  for  tonnriiiM. 
the  like  tenths  and   6fleenths,  suhsidies  and  other   con-  ^r"»— 
tributions,  ao  often  as  they  shall  happen   to  be  granted 
to  UB  or  our  heirs  in  parliament  or  council ;  so  that  we 
and  our  heirs  may  by  them  be  answered  in  respect  of 
sucb  grants.     In  witness  whereof  we  hare  caused   these 
our  letters  to  be  made  patent.     Witness  ourself  at  West- 
minster on  the  sixth  day  of  March,  in  the  twenty-fifth 
year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and  the  twelfth  of  our  reign 
of  France. 


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Pro  Johanne  Comite  Lancastris  et  Richemondi*. 

glDWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  ABgliae  Dominus  Hi- 
beroiee  et  Aquitania^  archiepiBcopis,  episcopie,  ab- 
SiS'£jr?  B  l&ffg  batibus,  prioribuB,  comitibus,  baronibus,  justatiar- 
riis,  vicecomitibiu,  praapositis^miDiatria,  et  omoibus 
ballivis  et  fidelibus  suis  salutem.  SciatU  quod  Qos  conside- 
rantea  qualitar  comitatus  Lancastri%,  et  plura  castra,  Tillss, 
maneria,  terrse,  et  tenements,  cum  pertinentiis,  tam  in  comi- 
tatibu3  Lincolniie  et  Derbite  quam  in  direreiB  aliis  comita- 
tibuB  regni  noatri,  qu«  fuenint  Henrici  nuper  Ducib  Lancas* 
tri»  et  Comitis  Lincolni»  et  Derbite  post  mortem  ipsius 
DuciSt  (quaedam,  videlicet^  ad  Johannem  Comitem  Riche- 
mondise  filium  noetrum  carisumum  et  Blancbiam  uxorem 
ejus  unam  filiarum  et  hserednm  praedJcti  Ducis,  juxta  parti- 
tionem  inter  ipsos  et  Matildem  alteram  filiarum  et  bierednn) 
ipsius  DuciB  £BCtam  per  descensum  hEereditarium  sunt  de- 
voluta,  et  qusedam  eiadem  Comiti  et  Blanchise,  juzta  ordina- 
tionem  et  conceBsionem  priedicti  Duels  dum  visit,  sub  certa 
forma  sunt  remansura,)  ac  volentes  proinde  eidem  filio 
nostro,  ut  ee  juxta  status  sui  nobilitatem  deceatius  rnanu- 
tenere  valeat,  gratiam  facere  specialem,  concesBimus  et  bac 
carta  nostra  confinnaTtmus  pro  noble  et  bseredibus  noBtris 
prsefato  Jobanni  nunc  Comiti  LancastrisB  et  Ricbemondiie, 
quod  ipse  et  bseredes  sui  de  corpore  suo  et  corpore  prsdictaa 
Blancbise  legitime  procreati  imperpetuum  babeant  retoma 
omnium  brefium  noHtrorum  et  hseredum  noBtrorum,  et  om- 
nia placita  de  veUto  namio  in  terris  et  feodia  de  biereditate 
prtedicti  Duels,  que  jam  in  manibus  ipsorum  Comitis  et 


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For  Johm  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  Richmond.* 


DWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  i»»  v„. 
Lord   of  Ireland  and  Aquitaine,   to  hia  arch-  «.u.  imi. 
bisbope,  biehops,  abbots,   priors,  earls,   barons, 
justices,  sherifie^  reeves,  ministers,  and   all  bis 
bailiffs  and  foithful  people,  greeting.     Know  je,  that  we,  Lflntka 
considering  how  that  the  county  of  Lancaster,  and  many  ^iH^lTot 
castles,  towns,  manors,  lands,  and   tenements,  with  their  a^^ti^ 
appurtenances,   as   well   in   the  counties   of  Lincoln   and  Hmj  ddim 
Derby,  as  in  divers  other   countieB  of  our  realm,  which 
were  of  Henry  late  Duke  of  Lancaster  and  Earl  of  Lin- 
coln and  Derby,  lately  after  the  death  of  the  same  Duke 
bad  devolved,  to  wit,  some   by  hereditary  descent,  upon 
John  Earl  of  Richmond,  our  most  dear  son,  and  Blanche 
his  wife,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  the  aforesud 
Duke,  according  to  the  partition  made  between  them  and 
Matilda,  the  other  daughter  and  co-heir  of  the  same  Dukei 
and  some  were   to  remain,  under  a  certain  form,  to  the 
same   Earl  and  Blanche,  according  to  an  ordinance    and 
grant  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  whilst   he   lived,  and   being 
willing,  therefore,  to    shew   especial   favor    to  the    same 
our  SOD,  in  order  that  he  may  the  more  decently  main- 
tain himself  according  to  the  nobility  of  his  station,  have 
granted  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed  for  us  and 
our  heirs  to  the  aforesaid  John  now  Earl  of  Lancaster  and 
Richmond,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his   body   and   the 
body  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche,  lawfully  begotten,  for  ever 
shall  have   the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our   heirs,  £^"*^ 

•  The   original  Charter,   under   the  great  seal   of  EnglMid,  is  pre- 
ieired  in  the  archiret  of  the  Duchy  of  t«newtet. 


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18 

Blanchiro  existuntt  et  quee  itnposterum  eis  juxta  ordinationem 
et  concessionem  prsBdictaa  simtreniaDSuracum  ad  manuaeuaa 
devenerint]  et  etiam  omnee  fines  et  amerciamenta  omniuia 
hominum  et  tenentiuni  suorum  ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et 
teoentes  in  curiie  noBtrie  et  bseredum  nostrorum  amerciari 
vel  fines  facere  contigerit;  necnon  omnia  catalla  omnium 
hominum  et  tenentium  suorum,  felonum  et  fu^tiTOrum  et 
dampnatorum.  Quare  Tolumus  et  firmiter  preecipimus  pro 
nobis  et  bseredibos  noBtris  quod  prsedictus  Comes  et  hsere- 
des  Bui  preedicti  imperpetuum  habeant  retoma  omnium  hre- 
vium  noBtrorum  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  et  omnia  placita 
de  vetito  namio  in  tenia  et  feodis  auia  preedictis;  ac  omnes 
fines  et  amerciamenta  omniuim  hominum  et  tenentium  suo- 
rum praedictorum,  ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in 
curiis  nostris  et  hseredum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fines 
facere  contigerit ;  ac  etiam  omnia  catalla  omnium  hominum 
et  tenendum  suorum,  felonimi,  fu^tivorum,  et  dampnato- 
rum, sicut  pnedictum  est,  et  eodem  roodo  quo  Henricus 
DUper  Comes  Lancastriae  pater  praedicti  Ducis,  vel  idem 
Dux,  quibus  consimiles  libertatea  in  terris  et  feodis  suis  ha- 
bendas  successive  per  cartas  nostras  concesdmus,  easdem 
libertates  habuit  et  eis  rationabiliter  uti  consuevit.  Hiis 
testibus  S.  Archiepbcopo  Cantuariensi,  W.  Wintoniensi 
Episcopo  Cancellario  nostro,  S.  Abbate  Westmonaateriensi, 
Thesaurario  nostro,  Edwardo  Printnpe  Walliae  primogenito 
nostro  carissimo,  Ricardo  Arundelliee,  Tboma  Warwici,  et 
Willielmo  Sarum,  Comitibus,  et  aliis.  Data  per  manum 
noatram  apud  Westmonasterium  terdodecimo  die  Novem- 
bris,  anno  regDi  nostri  tricesimo  quinto. 

Per  ipsum  R^em. 


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18 

and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  the  lands  and  fees  of  fj^^^*'' 
the  heritage  of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  which  dow  are  in 
the  bands  of  the  same  Earl  and  Blaoche,  and  which  here- 
after are  to  remain  to  them  according  to  the  ordinance  and 
grant  aforestud,  when  they  shall  come  into  their  bands;  and 
also  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their  men  and  tenants  fibmoa 
wheresoever  the  same  men  and  tenants  shall  happen  to  ■^'*' 
make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the  courts  of  us  and  our 
heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all  their  men  and  chuidi  <n 
tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  persons  con- 
demned. Wherefore  we  will  and  strictly  command  for 
us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  hie  heirs 
aforesaid  for  ever  shall  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of 
us  and  our  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  their 
lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  and  all  fines  and  amercements 
of  all  their  men  and  tenants  aforesaid,  wheresoever  the 
same  men  and  tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be 
amerced  in  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs;  and  also  all 
the  chattels  of  their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and 
fugitives  and  persons  condemned,  as  is  aforesaid,  and 
in  the  same  manner  in  which  Henry  late  Earl  of  Lan- 
caster, father  of  the  aforesud  Duke,  or  the  same  Duke, 
to  whom  we  granted  by  our  charters  successively  to 
have  the  like  liberties  in  their  lands  and  fees,  had  the 
same  liberties,  and  was  accustomed  reasonably  to  use 
them.  These  being  witnesses,  Simon  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury;  Williun  Bishop  of  Winchester,  our  Chan- 
cellor; Simon  Abbot  of ' Westminster,  our  Treasurer; 
Edward  Prince  of  Wales,  our  most  dear  eldest  son; 
Richard  Earl  of  Arundel ;  Thomas  Earl  of  Warwick ;  and 
William  Earl  of  Salisbury,  and  others.  Given  under 
OUT  hand  at  Westminster  on  the  thirteenth  day  of  No- 
vember, in  the  thirty-fifth  year  of  our  reign. 

By  the  King  himself. 


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TuR.  Load,      g 
(Oiif -In  ardi. 


Pro  Cohite  Lancaettbis. 

DWARDUS  Dei  gratia  RexAngliae  DomiDusHi- 
berDiEeetAquitamse,archiepiBCopiB,epbcopis,aI>- 
batibus,  piioribus,  comitibus,  baronibus,  juBtitia- 
riie,  vicecomltibus,  preepositis,  mlnistriB,  et  omnU 
buBballivis  etfidelibusBuiBsalutem.  Sciatiaquod  cumnuper 
conaiclerantes  qualiter  comitatus  LancaBtriEe,  et  pluracaatra, 
villee,  maneria,  terras,  et  tenementa,  cum  pertinentiis,  tarn 
in  comitatibus  Lincolniffi  et  Derbis  quana  in  dirersiB  aliitf 
comitatibus  regni  ooatri,  quae  fuerunt  Henrici  nuper  Duds 
LaDcaBtriae  et  ComitiB  LincolniK  et  Derbise  post  mortem 
ipsius  Ducit^  {qqaedam,  videlicet,  ad  Johannem  Comitem 
Ricbemondise  filium  noBtnim  canssimum  et  Btanchiam 
uxorem  ejus  unam  filiarum  et  haeredum  praedicti  Duels, 
justa  partitjonem  inter  ipBOS  et  Matildem  tunc  alteram 
filiarum  et  beeredum  ipsius  Ducia  bctam  per  descensum 
bsereditarium  fueriut  devoluta,  et  quaedam  eisdem  Comiti 
et  Blanchise,  juxta  ordinationem  et  cooceeBioDem  pnedicti 
Ducis  dum  vixit,  sub  certa  forma  sunt  remanaura,)  ac  vo- 
lentee  proinde  eidem  filio  nostro,  ut  se  juxta  status  sui 
nobilitatem  decentiuB  manutenere  valeat,  gratiam  facere 
specialem,  concesBerimus  pro  nobis  et  hasredibus  uoBtria 
preefato  Johanoi  nunc  Comiti  Lancaetrise  et  Bicbemondise, 
quod  ipse  et  haeredes  sui  de  corpore  buo  et  corpore  pra»- 
dictie  Blancbiae  legitime  procreati  imperpetuum  baberent  re- 
toma  omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  baeredum  noBtrorum, 
et  omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio  in  terns  et  feodis  de 
haereditate  praedicti  Ducis,  quae  tunc  in  monibus  ipsorum 


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V. 

For  the  Earl  of  Lancaster.* 

nDWARD,bythegraceof  God,  King  of  England,  '^^v^ 
Lord  of  Ireland  and  Aquitaioe,   to  his  arch-  *■'■  "*>■ 
bishops,  bishops,  abbots,  priors,  earls,  barons, 
justices,  sfaeri^  reeres,  ministers,  and  all  bis 
bailiffi    and  fiiithful    people,   greeting.       Know   ye,   that  R«tuior 
whereas  we,  lately  considering  how   that  the   county  of  d^tviiMk 
Lancaster,  and  many   castles,   towns,  manors,  lands,  and  »>d'-*' 
tenements,  with  their  appurtenances,  as  well  in  the  coun- 
ties of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  as  in  dirers  other  counties  of 
our  realm,  which  were  of  Henry  late  Duke  of  Lancaster 
and  Earl  of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  lately  afler  the  death  of 
the  same  Duke  had  derolved,  to  wit,  some  by  hereditary 
descent,  upon  John  Earl  of  Richmond,  our  most  dear  son, 
and  Blanche  his  wife,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs 
of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  according  to  the  partition  made 
between  them  and  Matilda,  the  then  other  daughter  and 
civheir  of  the  same  Duke,  and  some  were  to  remain,  under 
a  certain  form,  to  the  same  Earl  and  Blanche,  according  to 
an  ordinance  and  grant  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  whilst  be 
lived,  and  being  wilUng,  therefore,  to  shew  especial  hvor 
to  the  same  our  son,  in  order  that  he  might  the  more  de* 
cently  maintain  himself  according  to  the  nobility  of  bis 
station,  did  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs  to  the  aforesaid  John 
now  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  Richmond,  that  he  and  bis 
heirs  of  his  body  and  the  body  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche, 

*  The  origin»!  Charter,  under  the  great  seal  of  England,  is  preBerved 
iu  the  urchivM  of  the  Duchy  of  Lonculer. 


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16 

Comitis  et  Blanchise  extiteraot,  et  quae  impOBterum  eis 
juxta  ordinatioDem  et  concesaionem  preedictae  sunt  reman- 
Bura  cum  ad  manue  suas  devenerint;  et  etjam  omnes  fines 
et  amerciamenta  omDium  homiDum  et  tenenttum  suonim, 
ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in  curiis  nostris  et 
bferedum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fiaeB  facere  contdDge- 
re^  neciion  omma  catalla  omnium  bominum  et  tenentitua 
Buorum  felonum  et  fugitivorum  et  dampnatorum,  prout  in 
carta  uostra  inde  confecta  pleaius  contioetur.  Ac  jam 
omnia  teirse  et  tenementa  cum  pertinentiis  quee  prsedicta 
MatildiB  tenuit  in  propartem  suam  prsedictam,  de  omnibuB 
teriiB  et  teoemeatis  praedicUa  quse  fueruat  preedicti  Ducis, 
necDOD  qusedamalia  terrsB  et  tenementa  cum  pertinentiiE  Iq 
comitatibuB  Norfolciee  et  Suffolcise  qum  eadem  Matildis 
tenuit  de  hsereditate  ipsiua  Duds  ex  dono  et  feoffiuneato  Jo- 
bannis  Episcopi  Lincolniensis,  Ricardi  ComitiB  Arundelli», 
Roberti  de  la  Mare,  Jobannis  de  Buklond,  Johannia  Char- 
nels,  Walteri  Power,  Simonia  Symeon  et  Johannia  Neu- 
marcbe,  per  mortem  ejuBdem  Matildis  prs&tis  Comiti  et 
Blanchise,  ut  sorori  et  bseredi  prsedictm  Matildis  jure 
biereditario  deacenderint.  Nos  volentes  pnedictos  Comi- 
tem  et  Blauchiam  favore  prosequi  gratioso,  conceseimus 
et  hac  carta  nostra  confirmaTimus  probto  Comiti  quod 
ipse  et  hEeredes  sui  de  corpore  auo  et  corpore  prsedictee 
Blancbife  legitime  procreati  imperpetuum  habeant  retoma 
omnium  brerium  nostrorum  et  baeredum  nostrorum,  et 
omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio,  tarn  in  terris  et  feodis  quee 
iidem  Comes  et  Blancbia  de  proparte  ipsiug  Blancbiee 
pnedicta,  quam  in  terris  et  feodis  quse  fuerunt  pnedicts 
MaUldis  et  quie  ipsi  Comes  et  Blancbia  ut  soror  et  baeres 
ejusdem  Matildis  jam  tenent  de  hcereditate  priedicta,  et 
etiam  in  terris  et  feodis,  quce  eisdem  Comiti  et  Blanchise 
sunt  de  eadem  bsereditate  impostemm  remauBura  vel  rever- 


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lawfully  begotten,  for  ever  ebould  have  the  return  of  all 
writs  of  us  and  out  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  the 
lands  and  fees  of  the  heritage  of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  which 
then  were  in  the  bands  of  the  same  Earl  and  Blanche,  and 
which  thereafter  were  to  remain  to  thmi  according  to  the 
ordinance  and  grant  aforeBud,  when  tbey  should  come  into 
their  hands ;  and  also  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their 
men  and  tenants  wheresoerer  it  should  happen  that  sucb 
men  and  tenants  should  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
cotirts  of  us  and  onr  heirs;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all 
their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  per- 
BouB  condemned,  as  in  our  charter  thereof  made  more  fully 
is  contained.  And  now  all  the  lands  and  tenements,  with  ■»)  daiHii 
their  appurtenances,  which  the  aforesaid  Matilda  held  as  {^f™^ 
her  purparty  aforesaid  of  all  the  lands  and  tenements  afere-  {^E'^'^*' 
said  which  were  of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  and  also  certun 
other  lands  and  tenements,  with  appurtenances,  in  the 
counties  of  Norfolk  and  Suffolk,  which  the  same  Matilda 
held  of  the  inheritance  of  the  same  Duke  by  the  gift  and 
feoffinent  of  John  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  Richard  Earl  of 
Arundel,  Robert  de  la  Mare,  John  de  Buklond,  John  Chai^ 
nels,  Walter  Power,  Simon  Symeou,  and  John  Neumarchc^ 
have  by  the  death  of  the  same  Matilda  descended  by  here- 
ditary right  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  Blanche,  as  sister  and 
heir  of  the  aforesaid  Matilda : — We,  willing  to  pursue  with 
our  gracious  &vor  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  Blanche^  have 
granted  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed  to  the 
aforesaid  Earl,  that  be  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  and  the 
body  of  the  aforestud  Blanche,  lawfully  begotten,  for  ever 
may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  R«tQim«t 
all  pleas  of  withernam,  as  well  in  the  lands  and  fees  which  pieu  or 
the  same  Earl  and  Blanche  now  hold  of  the  aforesaid  pur- 
party of  the  same  Blanche,  as  in  the  lands  and  fees  wfaicb 


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16 

Bura,  cum  ad  manus  suas  deveDerint^  et  etiam  omnes  fines 
et  amerciamenta  omniuin  hommum  et  tenentium  Buorum 
ubicumque  ipsos  bominee  et  tenentea  in  curiis  nostris  et 
beeredum  nostrorum  ameRnari  vel  fines  facere  contigerit; 
neCDOD  omnia  catalla  omnium  bominma  et  tenentium 
euorum,  felonum  et  fugitiTorum  et  dampnatorum,  Qiiare 
TolumuB  et  firmiter  prsecipimus  pro  nobis  et  bseredibua 
noBtris  quod  predictuE  Comes  et  bteredea  sui  prsdicti 
imperpetuum  habeant  retoma  omnium  brerium  nostrorum 
et  hnredum  nostrorum,  et  omnia  placita  de  vettto  namio 
in  tenis  et  feodie  suis  prasdictis ;  ac  omnes  fines  et  amer- 
damenta  omnium  bominum  et  tenentium  suorum  prse- 
dictorum,  ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in  curiis 
nostris  et  faeeredum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fines  £acere 
contigerit;  ac  etiam  omnia  catalla  omnium  honunum  et 
tenentium  suorum,  felonum,  fugitivorum,  et  dampnatoram, 
sicut  prsedictum  est,  et  eodem  modo  quo  Henricus  nuper 
Comes  Lancastrife  pater  preedicti  Ducia,  vel  idem  Dux, 
quibuB  consimiles  libertatea  in  tenia  et  feodis  suis  ha- 
bendas  successive  per  cartas  nostras  coccessimus,  easdem 
libertateB  babuit  et  eis  rationabiliter  uti  conauevit.  Hiis 
testibus  S.  Arcbiepiscopo  Cantuarieosi  totius  AngUa:  Pri- 
mate, W.  Wintoniensi  Episcopo  Cancellario  nostro,  S. 
Eliensi  Episcopo  Tbesaurario  nostro,  Edwardo  Principe 
Wallis  primogeoito  nostro  cariseimo,  Ricardo  Arundellias, 
Thoma  Warwici,  et  Willielmo  Sarum,  Comitibua,  et  aliis. 
Data  per  manum  nostram  apud  Westmonasterium  duo- 
decimo die  Maii,  anno  regni  noetri  tricesimo  sexto. 

Per  ipsum  Regem. 


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1« 

were  of  the  aforesaid  M&tilda,  and  wbich  the  same  Earl, 
and  Blanche  as  sister  and  heir  of  the  same  Matilda,  now 
hold  of  the  inheritance  aforesaid,  and  also  \o  the  lands  and 
fees  of  the  same  itiberitance  which  are  hereafter  to  remain 
or  revert  to  the  same  Karl  and  Blanche,  when  they  shall 
come  into  their  hands;  and  also  all  fines  and  amercements  nn* 
of  all  their  men  and  tenants  wheresoever  the  same  men  and  me^ 
tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all  ci>ui 
their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugidves  and  per- 
sons condemned.  Wherefore  we  will  and  strictly  command 
for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid  ELarl  and  his  heirs 
aforesfud  for  ever  shall  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  their  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid;  and  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their 
men  and  tenants  aforesaid,  wheresoever  ttie  same  men  and 
tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  their 
men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  persons 
condemned,  as  is  aforesaid,  and  in  the  same  manner  in 
which  Henry  late  Earl  of  Lancaster,  father  of  the  afore- 
said Duke,  or  the  same  Duk^  to  whom  we  granted  by  our 
charters  successively  to  have  the  like  liberties  in  their  lands 
and  fees,  had  the  same  liberties  and  was  accustomed  reastm- 
ably  to  use  them.  Tliese  being  witnesses,  Simon  Arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England;  William 
Bishop  of  Winchester,  our  Chancellor;  Simon  Bishop  of 
Ely,  our  Treasurer ;  Edward  Prince  of  Wales,  our  most 
dear  eldest  son;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  Thomas  Earl 
of  Warwick ;  and  William  Earl  of  Salisbury,  and  others. 
Given  under  our  hand  at  Westminster  on  the  twelfth  day 
of  May,  in  the  thirty-sixth  year  of  our  reign. 

By  the  King  himself. 


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VI. 

Pro  JoHAtfNE  DucE  I^ANCAsnuf. 

jDWARDUSDeigratURexAnglitcDomiuusHi- 
bemueet  AquitaniaB,aTchiepiscopi8,episcopiB,ab- 
batibus,  prioribuB,  ducibus,  comitibus,  baronibus, 
1  ju8titiaruB,vicecoiiiitibuEi,pnepoBiti8,  ministriBtet 
omnibus  bailiviB  et  fidelibus  suis,  Balutem.  Sclatis  quod  dos 
considerautea  Btrenuitatem  excrescentem  et  gestum  lauda- 
bilem  quos  in  cariesimo  filio  nostro  Johanne  Comite  Lancas- 
triaevigere  conspicimuB,  ac  voleutes  proinde  personam  suam 
juxta  claritatem  generis  sui  ac  monun  Buorum  merits,  ut  per 
ipsius  potentiam  et  prudentiam  regale  sceptrum  fulciatur,  ad 
exalt^onem  etdecentiam  status  sui  honorare,  eidem  Comiti 
nomen  et  honorem  Ducis  dedimus  et  ipsum  in  Ducem  Lan> 
castriee  preefecimus,  ac  de  eisdem  nomine  et  bonore  per  cinc- 
turam  gladii  et  appOBitionem  cappie  bud  capiti  investimua ; 
habendaet  tenenda  eadem  nomen  et  honorem  Duds  Lancas- 
tiise  siln  et  beeredibus  suis  masculia  de  corpore  suo  legitime 
procreatis  imperpetuum.  Quare  volumus  et  firmiter  prae- 
cipimuB  pro  nobis  et  beeredibus  nostris  quod  prsedictus  fillus 
noeter  nomen  et  honorem  Duds  Lancastrife  habeat  et  te- 
neat  sihi  et  hseredibus  buib  masculiB  de  corpore  suo  legitime 
procreatis  imperpetuum,  sicut  prsdictum  est  Hiis  testibus 
venerabilibus  patrihuB  Simone  Arcbiepiscopo  Cantuariensi 
totiuB  Anglise  Primate,  Willielmo  Wintonienai  Cancellario, 
Simone  Elienai  Thesaurario,  nostris,  Episcopis,  Ricardo  Co- 
mite Arundellise,  Roberto  Suffoldse,  Thoma  de  Veer  Oxo- 
niffi  Camerario  noatro,  Comitibus,  Edwardo  le  Despenser, 
Radulpho  de  Nevill,  Job&Dne  de  Nerill,  Johanne  atte  Lee 


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Fob  John  Duke  of  Lahcaster." 
rIDWARD,  by  tfie  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  u- 
Lord  of  Ireland  and  Aquitaine,  to  fais  arch-  *■' 
bbhops,  bishops,  abbots,  priors,  dukes,  earls, 
'  barons,  justices,  Aerifls,  reeves,  miDisters,  and 
all  bis  bailifis  and  futbful  people,  greeting.  Know  ye,  tbat  Johi 
we,  considering  the  growing  prowess  and  laudable  bear-  ' 
ing  which  we  observe  to  flourish  in  our  most  dear  son 
John  Earl  of  Lancaster,  and  willing  therefore,  for  the  ex- 
altation and  decency  of  his  station,  to  honor  his  person 
according  to  the  renown  of  his  race  and  the  merits  of  his 
demeanour,  that  by  his  puissance  and  prudence  the  royal 
sceptre  may  be  supported,  have  given  to  the  same  Earl  the 
name  and  honor  of  Duke,  and  have  advanced  him  to  be 
Duke  of  Lancaster,  and  by  girding  of  the  sword  and  set- 
ting upon  his  head  the  cap  we  do  invest  him  with  that 
name  and  honor;  to  have  and  hold  the  same  name  and 
honor  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  to  him  and  his  heirs  male 
of  his  body  lawfully  begotten  for  ever.  Wherefore  we 
will  and  strictly  command  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  our 
aforesaid  son  do  have  and  hold  the  name  and  honor 
of  Duke  of  I-ancaster  to  him  and  his  heirs  male  of  his 
body  lawfully  begotten  for  ever,  as  is  aforesaid.  These 
being  witnesses,  the  venerable  fathers,  Simon  Archbuhop 
of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England ;  William  Bishop 
of  Winchester,  our  Chancellor;  Simon  Bishop  of  Ely,  our 

*  The  origiaal  Chuter  does  Dot  now  exist  Id  the  u-chires  of  the 
Dachy  of  Ijoncuter. 


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18 
Senescallo  bo8{»lii  nostri,  et  aliis.    Data  per  manum  nos- 
tram  in  pleno  parliamento  nostro  apud  Westmonasterium 
tertio  decimo  die  NorembriB   anno  regni  nostri   tricesimo 
sexto.  Per  ipsum  Regetn. 


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18 

Treasurer ;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel ;  Robert  Earl  of  Suf- 
folk ;  Thomas  de  Veer  Earl  of  Oxford,  our  Chamberlain ; 
Edward  le  Despeuser ;  Ralph  de  Nevill ;  John  de  Nevilt ; 
John  atte  Lee,  Steward  of  our  Household,  and  others. 
Given  under  our  hand,  in  our  fitll  parliament  at  West- 
niDSter,  on  the  thirteenth  day  of  November,  in  the  thirty- 
sixth  year  of  our  reign.  By  the  King  himself 


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Pro  Johanme  Duce  Lancastria  et  Blancuia  uxore 

EJUS. 

pDWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliae,  Dominus 
Hiberaiie  et  Aquitanise,  arch! epiBCO pie,  episcopiB, 
ducibus,  abbatibuB,  prioribus,  coniitibuB,  baroni- 
bufi,  jiutitiariiB,  vicecomitibus,  prsepoeitis,  miois- 
tris,  et  omnibus  ballivis  etfidelibus  buU,  aalutem.  Sciatis 
quod  cum  dob  nuper  aeptimo  die  Mail  anno  regni  nostri 
sexto  decimo  per  cartam  Dostram  coDceBBerimuB  pro 
nobis  et  hseredibus  Dostris  Henrico  tunc  Comiti  Lancaa- 
trise  quod  ipse  et  beeredes  eui  de  corpore  suo  procreati 
et  omnea  homines  sui  imperpetuum  essent  quieti  de  pa- 
vagio  passagio  paa^o  lastagio  stallagio  tallagio  cariagio 
pesagio  piccagio  et  terragio  per  totum  regnum  et  po- 
testatem  noatram;  et  quod  idem  Comes  et  beeredes  sui 
pnedicti  imperpetuum  baberent  retoroa  omnium  brevium 
Qoatrorum  et  bseredum  nostrorum  ac  summonitionum  de 
scaccario  nostro  et  hieredum  nostrorum,  et  attachiamen- 
ta  tarn  de  placitie  coronee  quam  de  aliis  quibuscunque  in 
omnibus  terns  et  feodis  suis;  ita  quod  nullus  vicecomes 
vel  alius  ballivus  seu  mtnister  noster  vel  heeredum  nostro- 
rum terras  seu  feoda  ilia  ingrederetur  ad  executiones  eorun- 
dem  brevium  et  summoniUonum,  seu  ad  attachiamenta 
de  placiUs  corons  vel  aliis  prsedictis  aut  aliquod  aliud  o£S- 
cium  ibidem  faciendum,  msi  in  defectum  ipsius  ComitiB  et 
bceredum  suorum  prtedictorum  ac  bsUivorum  et  ministro- 
nim  suorum  in  terns  et  feodis  suis  prsedicUs.  Et  quod 
baberent  catalla  hominum  et  tenenUum  suorum  felonum 
et  fugitivorum;   ita  quod  si  quis  liominum  vel  tenentium 


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For  Johh  Duke  of  Lancaster  and  Blanche  hib 

WIFE.* 

nDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  EDgland,  u,h  jbuf. 
Lord   of  Ireland   aod  Aquitaine,  to  hie   arch-  a-d.  ism. 
bishopB,   bishops,  dukes,   abbots,   prion,  earls, 
baroDB,  justices,  sheriffs,  Teeres,  miDtstera,  and 
all   bis    bailiK   and    faithful    people,   greeting.       Know  fueiuiot 
ye,  that   whereas  we   did  lately,  on  the  seventh  day  of  "iiHar, 
May,  in  the  sixteenth   year  of  our   reign,  grant  by  our  S^^^^j^ 
charter,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  Henry  then  Earl  of  Lan-  ""^' 
caster,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  begotten,  and 
all  his  men  for  ever,  should  be  quit  of  p&viage,  passage, 
payage,  lastage,  stallage,  tallage,  carriage,  pesage,  picage, 
and  groundage  throughout  all  our  realm  and  dominioDB; 
and  that  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  for  ever 
should  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  b^rs,  and 
summons  of  the  exchequer  of  ub  and  our  heirs,  and  the 
attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  as  of  other  pleas 
whatsoever  in  all  their  lands  and  fees ;  so  that  no  sheriff  or 
other  bailiff  or  minister  of  us  or  our  heirs  should  enter 
those  lands  or  fees  to  execute  the  same  writs  and  summons, 
or  to  make  attachment  of  the  pleas  of  the  crown  or  other 
pleas  aforesaid,  or  to  do  any  other  office  there,  unless  in 
default  of  the  same  Earl  and  hie  heirs  aforesaid,  and  their 
bailiffs  and  ministers  in   their  lands   and  fees  aforesaid. 
An4  that  they  should  have  the  chattels  of  their  men  and 
tenants  being  felons  and  fugitives;   so  that  if  any  one  oi 

*  The  original  Charter  doca  not  now  exist  in  the  archivM  of  the 
Duchy  of  LuicMter. 


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Buorum  pro  delicto  euo  vitam  vel  membnim  deberet  amit- 
tere  vel  fugeret  et  judicio  stare  aollet  vel  aliud  quodcum- 
que  delictum  faceret  pro  quo  cataUa  sua  deberet  perdere,  ubi- 
cuoque  justiua  de  eo  fieret,  sive  iu  curia  oostra  vel  heere- 
dum  noBtrorum  dve  in  alia  curia,  ipsa  catalla  essent  ipsius 
Comitis  et  hiereduin  suorum  preedictorum,  et  quod  Uceret 
eis  vel  miniBtiia  suis  sine  impedimento  oostri  vel  haaredum 
nostrorum  vicecomitum  aut  aliorum  balUvorum  seu  mi- 
Dietrorum  □ostrorum  quorumcuaque  ponere  se  in  seisi- 
nam  de  catallis  prsedictia  et  ea  ad  uaum  ip&iua  Comitis  et 
b%redum  suorum  prasdictorum  retinere.  Et  etiam  quod 
baberent  imperpetuum  omoes  fines  pro  transgreEeionibus 
et  aliis  delicti»  quibuecunque  et  fines  pro  licentJa  concoi^ 
dandi,  et  omnia  amerciamenta  redemptiones  et  exitus 
forisfactos;  ac  forisfacturaa,  annum  diem  vastum  et 
streppum,  et  omnia  quae  ad  nos  et  haeredes  nostroe  per- 
tinere  possent  de  bujusmodi  anno  die  vasto  et  murdris 
de  omnibus  homioibus  et  tenentibuB  de  ten-is  et  feodis 
8uis  quibuscunque  in  quibuscunque  curiis  nostris  et  haere- 
dum  nostrorum  homines  et  tenentes  illoe,  tarn  coram  nobis 
et  hseredibus  nostris,  et  in  cancellaria  nostra  et  hieredum 
nostrorum,  et  coram  tbesaurario  et  baronibus  nostris  et 
beeredum  nostrorum  de  scaccario,  et  coram  jusyUariis 
nostris  et  bseredum  nostrorum  de  banco,  et  coram  sene»- 
callo  et  marescallts  seu  clerico  mercati  hoBpitii  nostri  et 
haeredum  nostrorum,  ac  aliis  curiis  nostris  et  haeredum 
nostrorum,  quam  coram  justitiariis  itiuerantibus  ad  com- 
munia  placita  et  ad  placita  forests  et  quibuscunque  aliis 
justitiariis  et  ministris  nostris  et  bseredum  nostrorum,  tarn 
in  prsesentia  nostra  et  baeredum  nostrorum  quam  in  ab- 
senUa  nostra  et  bseredum  nostrorum,  fines  facere  vel 
anierdari,  exitus  foriefacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum  seu 
forisfecturas  et  murdra  adjudicari  contingeret;  quae  fines. 


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so 

their  meo  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  for  bis 
offence,  or  should  flee  and  be  unwilling  to  stand  his 
trial,  or  commit  any  other  oSence  for  the  which  he 
ought  to  lose  his  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  should 
be  had  of  him,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs, 
or  in  any  other  court,  such  chattels  should  belong  to  the 
same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  aod  that  it  should  be 
lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers,  without  hinderance  of 
us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sheri^  or  other  bailifls  or  mi- 
nisters whomsoever,  to  put  themselves  in  seizin  of  the 
chattels  aforesaid,  and  to  retain  them  to  the  use  of  the 
same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid.  And  also  that  they 
should  have  for  ever  all  fines  for  trespasses  and  other 
offences  whatsoever,  and  fines  for  licence  to  agree,  and 
all  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited  issues  and  for- 
feitures, year,  day,  waste,  and  estrepement,  and  all  things 
which  could  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  like  year, 
day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in  respect  of  all  the  men  and 
tenants  of  their  lands  and  fees  whatsoever,  in  any  soever 
of  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,  where  such  men  and 
tenants  should  happen  to  make  fine,  or  be  amerced  or 
forfeit  issues,  or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfeitures 
and  murders  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us 
and  our  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer 
of  UB  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the  justices  of  the  bench 
of  us  and  our  h^rs,  and  before  the  steward  and  marshals 
or  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  the  household  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  and  in  other  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
as  before  the  justices  in  eyre,  to  hold  common  pleas  and 
pleas  of  tlie  forest,  and  before  all  other  justices  and  mi- 
nisters of  us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  in  pre- 
sence of  us  and  our  heirs   as  in  absence  of  us  and  our 


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amerciamenta,  redemptiones,  exitus,  anous  dies  Tastum 
Bive  Btreppum,  fomfacturae  et  mtirdra,  ad  nos  vel  fasare- 
des  nofltros  perdoere  possent,  u  priefato  Comiti  et  bsB- 
redibus  suis  praedictis  cocceasa  Hon  fiiiasent.  Ita  quod 
idem  Comes  et  beeredee  sui  prsedicti,  per  ae  vel  per  balU- 
T08  et  ministroe  suoe,  fioes,  amerciameDta,  redemptiotie% 
esituB,  et  forisfocturaa  hujugmodi  bominum  et  tenen- 
dum suorum  prsedictOTum,  et  omnia  qiue  ad  nos  et  bxre- 
dea  nostros  pertinere  posaent  de  anno  die  et  vasto  sive 
streppo  et  murdria  praedictis,  lerare  percipere  et  babere 
posaent, — sine  occasione  vel  impedimento  nostri  aut  haere- 
dum  nostrorum,  juatiUariorum,  eacaetonim,  vicecomitum, 
coronatorum,  aut  aliorum  balliTorum  aeu  minietrorum  nos- 
trorum  quorumcunque.  Quam  quidem  cartam  post  mor- 
tem prsedicti  Comitia  Henricus  filius  et  haeres  ejuadem 
Comitis,  cui  omnia  terrse  et  tenementa  qiue  fuerunt  ipsius 
Comitia  jure  broreditario  deacendebont,  nobis  ex  certis 
cauaia  reddidit  cancellaodam,  et  ea  de  causa  carta  ilia 
cancellatur  aicut  per  inepectioDem  rotulorum  cancellarise 
DostTEe  nobis  conatat.  Mos  advertentes  ea  qu£e  aic  in  feodo 
talliato  piffifato  Comiti  et  haeredibus  de  corpore  auo  procre- 
atie  per  nos  concessa  fuerunt,  et  de  quibus  praedictus  Comes 
virtute  concesaionis  nostne  pnedictae  Aiit  seisitus  in  doml- 
nico  suo  ut  de  feodo  die  quo  obiit,  per  reddittonem  cart«e 
praedictee  nobis  per  praedictum  Heoricum  filium  Henrici 
sic  factam,  aut  per  quodcunque  aliud  factum  ejusdem' Hen- 
rici filii,  in  praejudicium  et  exbieredationem  bseredum  such 
rum  de  corpore  suo  exeuntium,  secundum  legem  et  ronaue- 
tudinem  regni  nostri  cancellari  non  posse,  sed  in  suo  robore 
permanere  debere,  ac  volentes  ea  conaideratione  cariraimo 
filio  Dostro  Jobanni  nunc  Duci  I^ancaatrise  qui  Blancbiam, 
filiam  et  faseredem  praedicti  Henrici  filii  Henrici  poatmodum 
Duda  Lancastriee,  duxit  in  uxorem,  et  eidem  Blaocbiae, 


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91 
beire;  which  fines,  amercementa,  raiiBoms,  isaues,  year, 
day,  «aate,  or  estrepeineiit,  forfeitures,  and  murderB, 
would  haro  pertained  to  us  or  our  hrars,  if  they  had 
not  heen  granted  to  the  aforesud  Earl  and  his  heirs 
aforesaid.  So  that  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  afore- 
Bud,  by  themselves  or  by  their  bailifis  and  ministers, 
might  levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  amercements, 
ransoms,  issues,  and  forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and 
tenants  aforesaid,  and  all  things  which  could  pertain  to 
us  and  our  heirs  of  the  year,  day,  and  waste  or  estrepe- 
ment,  and  murders  aforesaid, — without  let  or  hinderaoce 
of  us  or  our  heirs^  or  of  our  justices,  escheators,  sheriffi^ 
coroners,  or  other  our  bailiffi  or  ministers  whomsoever. 
Which  Bud  charter,  after  the  death  of  the  aforesaid  Earl,  Bomndu 
Henrv,  son  and  heir  of  the  same  Earl  (to  whom  all  the  iixHwud 
lands  and  tenements  which  were  of  the  same  Earl  did  by  be-  ■»»"* 
reditary  right  descend),  for  certain  causes  surrendered  unto 
us  to  be  cancelled,  and  therefore  the  charter  is  cancelled,  as 
to  us  appears  by  tnspecUon  of  the  rolls  of  our  chancery. 
We,  taking  into  consideration  that  those  things  which  Thagintte 
had  been  so  granted  by  ub  in  fee-ttdl  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  ^  '^^j 
and  the  heirs  of  bis  body  begotten,  and  whereof  the  afore- 
said Earl  by  virtue  of  our  grant  aforesaid  was  seised  in 
his  demesne  as  of  fee  on  the  day  of  his  death,  could  not 
by  any  surrender  of  the  charter  aforesaid  to  us  so  made 
by  tbe  aforesaid  Henry  the  aoa  of  Henry,  nor  by  any 
other  act  of  the  same  Henry  the  son,  in  prejudice  and 
(Usherison  of  bis  heirs  of  his  body  issuing,  be  annulled 
according  to  the  law  and  custom  of  our  realm,  but  ought 
to  remain  in  their  full  force,  and  being  wilUng,  with  that 
consideration,  to  shew  especial  favor  to  our  most  dear  son 
John  now  Duke  of  Lancaster  (who  took  to  wife  Blanche, 
daughter  and  heir  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  son  of  Henry, 


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qui  quidem  Jobftnoes  et  BUnchia  omnia  terras  et  tene- 
meata,  quot  fuerunt  tarn  preedicti  Henrici  patris  quam 
prsehti  Henrici  filii  jure  hsereditario,  ut  in  jure  prsedictee 
Blanchiie  de  corpore  prcedicti  Heurici  filii  Henrici  pro- 
creatae,  jam  teoent,  gratiam  facere  epecialem,  dictam  con- 
cQssioQem  nostram  prsefoto  Henrico  Comiti,  ut  prsemittitur, 
factam,  prsefatiB  Johanni  nunc  Duci  Lancastriee  et  Blanchis 
uzori  ejus  duzimus  innovandam,  et  concessinius  et  hac 
carta  nostra  confirmavimuB,  pro  nobis  et  beeredibuB  noatris, 
eisdem  Johanni  Duci  et  Blancbin  quod  ipsi  et  hasredes 
sui  de  corporibus  ipsorum  Johannis  et  Blaochiae  procreati 
et  omnes  homines  sui  de  terris  et  feodis  quee  fuerunt 
preedicti  Henrici  patris  dicto  septimo  die  Maii  imperpetuum 
sint  quieti  de  pavagio,  passagio,  paagio,  lastagio,  statlagto, 
tallagio,  cariagio,  pesagio,  piccagio,  et  terragio  per  totum 
regnum  et  potestatem  nostram ;  et  etiam  quod  iidem  Dux  et 
Blaucbia  et  bseredes  sui  prsedicti  imperpetuum  babeant 
retorna  omnium  brevium  noetrorum  et  hieredum  nostrorum, 
ac  summonitioDum  de  scaccario  nostro  et  heeredum  aos- 
trorum,  et  attachiameuta  tarn  de  placitis  coronee  quam  de 
aliie  quibuscunque  in  omnibus  terris  et  feodis  preedictis; 
ita  quod  nullus  vicecomes  vel  alius  ballivus  seu  minister 
noster  vel  haeredum  nostrorum  terras  seu  feoda  ilia  in- 
grediatur  ad  executiones  eonindem  brevium  et  sum- 
mon iUonum,  seu  ad  attacbiamenta  de  placilJs  coronee 
vel  aliis  prsedictis  aut  aliquod  aliud  officium  ibidem 
faciendum,  nisi  in  defectum  ipsorum  Ducis  et  Blancbise 
et  bseredum  suorum  praedictorum  ac  ballivorum  et  minis- 
trorum  suorum  in  terris  et  feodis  suis  pnedictis.  Et  etiam 
quod  babeant  catalla  bominum  et  tenendum  suorum  fe- 
loQum  et  fu^tivorum ;  ita  quod  si  quis  hominum  vel  tenen- 
tium  suorum  pro  delicto  euo  vitam  vel  membrum  debeat 
amittere   vel   fugerit   et  judicio   stare  noluerit  vel   aliud 


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afterwards  Duke  of  Laocaater),  and  to  the  same  Blanche, 
which  aame  John  and  Blanche  now  bold  by  hereditary 
right,  ae  in  right  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche,  begotten  of 
the  body  of  the  aforesaid   Henry  son  of  Henry,  all  the 
lands  and  tenements  which  were  as  well  of  the  aforesaid 
Henry  the  father,  as  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  the  son,  baye  Ranandiii 
thought  fit  to  renew  oar  said  grant,  made  as  is  premised  ?^^' 
to  the  aforesaid  Earl  Henry,  unto  the  aforesaid  John  now  ^J^°^* 
Duke  of  Lancaster  and  Blanche  his  wife;   and  we  have  t^^^»^ 
granted,  and  by  this  our  charter  hare  confirmed,  for  us  *^^ 
and  our  heirB,  to  the  same  Duke  Jobs  and  Blanche,  that 
they  and  thrar  beire  of  the  bodies  of  the  same  John  and 
Blanche  begotten,  and  all  their  men  of  the  lands  and  fees 
which  were  of  the  aforesiud  Henry  the  father  on  the  said 
seventh  day  of  May,  may  be  for  ever  quit  of  paviage,  pas-  AeqnHuiM* 
sage,  payage,  laetage,   stallage,  tallage,  carriage,  pesage, 
picage,  and  groundage  throughout  all  our  realm  and  domi- 
nion ;  and  also  that  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their 
heirs  aforeaud  for  ever,  may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  Boon  ^ 
us  and  our  heirs,  and  summons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  \^^^^ 
our  heirs,  and  the  attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  '>™^ 
as  of  other  pleas  whatsoever  in  all  the  lands  and  fees  afore-  j£^^,^ 
sud;  so  that  no  sherifl^  or  other  bailiff  or  minister  of  us 
or  our  heirs,  may  enter   those  lands  or  fees,  to  execute 
the  same  writs  and  summons,  or  to  make  attachment  of 
the  pleas  of  the  crown  or  other  pleas  aforesud,  or  to  do 
any  other  office  there,  unless  in  dehult  of  the  same  Duke 
and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid,  and  their  haiUffs 
and  ministers  in  their  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.     And  also  ^^fjT'**' 
that  they  may  have  the  chattels  of  their  men  and  tenants 
being  felons  and   fugitives;   so  that  if  any   one  of  their 
men  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  for  his  ofience, 
or   should   flee  and   be   unwilling  to   stand   his   trial,  or 


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quodcumque  delictum  fecerit  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeat 
perdere,  ubicunque  justitia  de  eo  fieri  debeat  dve  in 
curia  nostra  vel  baesredum  oostrorum  sire  in  aUa  curia, 
ipsa  catalla  unt  ipsorum  Ducia  et  Blancbise  et  heereduni 
auorum  prsdictonun,  et  quod  liceat  eis  seu  miniatria  suis 
mne  impedimento  nosbi  rel  faseredum  noetrorum  ricecomi- 
tum  aut  aliorum  ballirorum  seu  roimstrorom  noBtrorum  quo- 
rumcunque  ponere  Be  in  eeiunani  de  catallia  prsdictiB  et  ea 
ad  usum  ipaorum  Ducia  et  Blanchise  et  heeredum  suoruin 
prsedictorum  retinere.  Et  etiam  quod  habeant  impeipe- 
tuum  omnes  fines  pro  tranBgreBsionibus  et  aliis  delictis  qui- 
buscunque  et  etiam  fines  pro  licentia  concordandi,  ac  omnia 
amerdamenta  redemptiones  et  ezitus  forisfoctOB,  ac  foria- 
fiuturas,  annum  diem  vastum  et  Btreppum,  et  omnia  qusa 
ad  noB  et  baeredes  nostroe  pertinere  poteruut  de  hujusmodi 
anno  die  et  vasto  et  murdris  de  omnibus  hominibus  et  te- 
nentibus  de  dictis  terris  et  feodia  qute  fuerunt  dictt  Hen- 
rici  patnB  dicto  septimo  die  Mui,  in  quibuacunque  curiis 
noBtriB  et  hEeredum  noetrorum  homines  et  tenentea  illoe, 
tarn  coram  nobis  et  hseredibua  nostris,  et  in  cancellaria 
nostra  et  hseredum  noatrorum,  ac  coram  tbesaurario  et 
barontbus  nostris  et  heeredum  noBtrorum  de  scaccario,  et 
coram  justitianis  nostris  et  beeredum  nostrorum  de  banco, 
ac  coram  senescallo  et  marescallie  seu  clerico  mercati 
hospitii  noBtri  et  beeredum  nostrorum,  qui  pro  tempore 
fuerint;  et  aliis  curiis  nostris  et  bnredum  noBtrorum, 
quam  coram  justitiariis  irineranttbus  ad  communia  pla- 
cita  et  ad  placita  foreste  et  quibuscunque  aliis  ju»- 
titiariiB  et  miniatria  nostris  et  haeiedum  nostrorum, 
tam  in  prsaentia  nostra  et  beeredum  nostrorum  quam 
in  absentia  QOBtra  et  heeredum  noetrorum,  fines  facere  vel 
amerciari,  exitus  foriafacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum  seu 
foriafacturas  et  murdra  adjudicari  contigerit;   quee  finei^ 


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commit  any  other  offence  for  the  which  he  ought  to 
lose  his  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  should  be  had  of 
him,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any 
other  court,  such  chattels  shall  belong  to  the  same  Duke 
and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid.  And  that  it  shall 
be  lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers,  without  hinderance 
of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sherife,  or  other  bailifb  or 
ministers  whomsoever»  to  put  themselTes  in  seizin  of  the 
chattels  aforesaid,  and  retun  them  to  the  use  of  the  same 
Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid.  And  also  Fia«n< 
that  they  may  have  for  ever  all  fines  for  trespasses  and  ■■«■••  Br- 
other oSences  whatsoever,  and  also  the  fines  for  licence  towton* 
to  agree,  and  all  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited 
issues  and  forfeitures,  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  estrepe- 
ment,  and  all  things  which  can  pertun  to  us  and  our 
heirs,  of  the  like  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in 
respect  of  all  the  men  and  tenants  of  the  said  lands  and 
fees,  which  were  of  the  said  Henry  the  father  on  the 
said  seventh  day  of  May,  in  any  soever  of  the  courts  of 
us  and  our  heirs,  where  such  men  and  tenants  shall 
happen  to  make  fine,  or  be  amerced,  or  forfeit  issues, 
or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfeitures  and  murders, 
happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the 
treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  before  the  justices  of  the  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
before  the  steward  and  marshals,  or  the  clerk  of  the  market 
of  the  household  of  us  and  our  heirs  for  the  time  being, 
and  in  other  (he  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,  as  before 
the  justices  in  eyre,  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of 
the  forest,  and  before  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of 
us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  in  presence  of  us 
and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  us  and  our  heirs;  which 


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S4 

amerciunenta,  redempHoneB,  esitus,  annus  dies  vastum 
sive  streppum,  forisfactune  et  murdra,  ad  noB  vel  haeredee 
nostroe  poeeent  pertinere,  bi  prse&tiB  Duci  et  Blanchiie  et 
hieredibus  suis  prrodictis  concessa  non  fuissent.  Ita  quod 
iidem  Dux  et  Blancbia  et  bseredee  sui  praedicd,  per  se  vel 
per  ballivOB  et  minietroB  suos,  fines,  amerciamenta,  redemp- 
tjones,  exitus,  et  forisfacturas  hujusmodi  hominum  et 
tenentium  suorum  prsedictorum,  et  omnia  quse  ad  nos  et 
lueredee  nostros  pertinere  poterunt  de  anno  die  et  vasto  sive 
Btreppo  et  murdris  prsedictis,  levare  percipere  et  habere 
possint, — sine  occasione  vel  impediniento  nostri  vel  h8er&< 
dum  noatroninii  juBtitiariorum,  escaetorum,  vicecomitum, 
coronatorum,  aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  ministrorum  nos- 
trorum  quoTumcuuque.  Quare  volumus  et  firmiter  prae- 
ciptmus  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus  noBtris  quod  priefati  Dux 
et  Blancbia  et  hseredes  sui  prsedicti  imperpetuum  babeant 
omnes  libertates  praedictas  sicut  prsedictum  est,  et  eis  et 
earum  quaUbet  deceetero  plene  gaudeant  et  utantur,  reddi- 
tione  seu  cancellatione  cartte  preedictje  non  obstante.  Ita 
quod  b\  prsedicti  Dux  et  Blancbia  sine  baerede  de  cor- 
poribus  suis  exeunte  obierint;  tunc  omnes  et  «ngulte 
libertates  prsdictae,  poet  mortem  ipsorum  Ducis  et 
Blanchise  ad  dob  et  heeredes  nostros  integre  rever- 
tantur.  Hiis  testibus,  venerabilibua  patribus,  Simone 
Eliensi  Cancellario,  Johanne  BatbonieuBi  et  Wellensi  Tbe- 
saurario,  nostriB,  Episcopis,  Leonello  Duce  Clarencise  filio 
nostro  carissimo,  Humfrido  de  Bobun  Herefordiee,  Ricardo 
Arundelliee,  Comitibus,  Edwardo  le  Despenser  Domino  de 
Glamorgan  et  Morgannowe,  Guidone  de  Bryan,  Johanne 
atte  Lee  Senescallo  hospitii  nostri,  et  aliiB.  Data  per 
manum  nostram  apud  Westmonasterium  quaitodetnmo  die 
Julii,  anno  regni  noBtri  tricesimo  octavo. 

Per  ipsum  Regem. 


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fines,  amercementB,  ransoms,  issues,  year,  day,  wost^  or 
estrepement,  forfeitures,  and  murders,  would  pertain  to 
UB  or  our  heirs,  if  they  hod  not  beefi  granted  to  the 
aforesaid  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  oforestud. 
So  that  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  afore- 
said, by  themselves  or  hy  their  bailifis  and  ministers,  may 
levy,  permve,  and  have  the  fines,  amercements,  ransoms, 
issues,  and  forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and  tenants  afore- 
said, and  all  things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs 
of  the  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  estrepement  and  murders 
aforesaid, — -without  let  or  hinderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or 
of  our  jusUces,  escheatorB,  sherifis,  coroners,  or  other  our 
bulifis  or  ministers  whomsoever.  Wherefore  we  will  and 
strictly  command  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid 
Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid,  shall  hare 
all  the  liberties  aforesaid  for  ever,  as  is  aforesaid,  and 
shall  henceforth  fully  enjoy  and  use  them  and  every  of 
them,  notwithstanding  the  surrender  or  cancelling  of  the 
charter  aforesaid.  So  that  if  the  aforesud  Duke  and 
Blanche  shall  die  without  heir  of  their  bodies  issuing, 
then  all  and  every  the  liberties  aforesaid,  after  the  death 
of  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  shall  entirely  revert  to 
us  and  our  heirs.  These  being  witnesses,  the  venerable 
fathers,  Simon  Bishop  of  Ely,  our  Chancellor ;  John 
Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  our  Treasurer ;  our  most  dear 
son  Lionel  Duke  of  Clarence ;  Humj^rey  de  Bohun,  Earl 
of  Hereford ;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel ;  Edward  le  De- 
spenser,  Lord  of  Glamorgan  and  Morgannowe;  Guy  de 
Brian ;  John  atte  Lee,  Steward  of  our  household,  and 
others.  Given  under  our  hand  at  Westminster,  on  the 
fourteenth  day  of  July,  in  the  thirty-eighth  year  of  our 
reign.  By  the  King  himself. 


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96 

"  Et  memorandum  quod  «muiee  pnedicte  Ubertatee  sunt 
in  terris  et  feodis,  quee  luerunt  praedicti  Henrici  patris  nuper 
ComitiB  LancaatiiaB  dicto  septimo  die  Mui,  et  non  in  oliie 
terris  et  feodig  quse  praedicti  Dux  et  Blanchia  jam  tenent, 
concesaee ;  licet  hoc  in  omnibus  lods  ubi  bujusmodi  term 
et  feoda  in  carta  ilia  Bpedficantur  non  sit  plenarie  expres- 
snin." 


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S5 

*<  And  be  it  remembered  that  all  the  aforesaid  liberties  Mnnvu- 
are  granted  in  the  lands  and  fees  whidi  were  of  the  afore-  JJ^^ 
said  Henry  the  bther,  late  Earl  of  Lancaster,  on  the  said 
seventh  day  of  May,  and  not  in  the  other  lands  and  fees 
which  the  aforesaid  Duke  and  Blanche  now  hold;  albeit 
this  be  not  fully  expressed  in  all  places  where  the  like 
lands  and  fees  are  specified  in  that  charter." 


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_J 


VIII. 

De    E8CAHBIO   FACTO    CUM    CoBnTE    RlCU£HONDl£. 

gJEC  carta  indentata  facta  inter  magnificum  prin- 
1  cipem  Dominum  Edwardum  Regem  Aogliffi  et 
I  Frandae  et  caiiBumum  filium  suum  JobanDem 
I  R^em  CastellsB^flt  Legionis  et  Ducem  Laocas- 
tme  illustrem  testatur  quod  cum  idem  Dominus  Rex 
Angliae  prsefetum  Johannem  nunc  Regem  Castelln  io 
Comitem  Richemondiee  prsefecerit,  et  comitatum  Rich&- 
mondiie  ac  honorem  castra  maneria  terraa  teoemeota 
et  omnia  alia  loca  ad  dictum  comitatum  pertinentia  que 
Johannes  nuper  Duk  Britanniae  et  Comes  loci  pnedicd 
habuit  ibidem,  prie&to  Johanni  Regi  Castellee  per  nomen 
Comitis  Ricbemondiffi,  babenda  et  tenenda  sibi  et  bsere- 
dibuB  de  corpore  suo  exeuntibus,  dederit  et  concesserit 
per  cartam  suam,  prout  in  carta  preedicta  plane  liquet: 
Jamque  dictua  Johannes  Rex  Castell»,  cum  prsektia  pro- 
ceribus  comitibue  maguatibus  nobilibus  et  sapieutibus  de 
condlio  regio  existeudbus  pnehabitis  super  hoc  diversis 
tractatibus,  perpeudens  et  advertens  quod  si  comitatus 
honor  castra  maneria  terre  tenementa  et  loca  praadicta 
in  Be  et  solium  repum,  a  quo  prim  exivenuit,  transfe- 
rentur,  in  ipsios  Regis  Angliee  et  totius  regni  Anglie 
commodum  tenderet,  quietem  pariter  et  honornn.  Et 
propterea  dictus  JohaDoea  Rex  Castells^  sicut  gratus  filius, 
patris  sul  beneplacita,  honorem  et  commodum  regni 
Angliie,  buib  propriis  utilitatibus  antepooens,  pura  et 
spontanea  voluntate  sua,  causis  et  occasionihus  antedictiB, 
Bpecialiter   acquievit    et   concessit   quod  comitatus   honor 


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VIII. 

Or  THE   EXCBAMGFS  MADE  WITH  THE    EIaRL  OF  RICHMOND.* 

SHlS  Charter  indented,  made  between  the  high  j 
1  and  mighty  prince,  Lord  Edward  King  of  Eag-  ' 
I  land  and  France,  and  bis  moat  dear  son  John, 
)  the  illuBtrious  King  of  CoBtille  and  Leon  and 
Duke  of  LancoBteTi  witnesseth,  that,  whereas  the  same 
Lord  the  King  of  England  did  advance  the  aforesaid 
John,  now  King  of  Caatille,  to  be  Earl  of  Richmond,  i 
and  by  his  cbarter  did  give  and  grant  unto  the  aforesaid  • 
John  King  of  Castille,  by  the  name  of  Earl  of  Richmond, 
the  earldom  of  RichnLond,  and  the  honor,  cagtleB,  manors, 
lands,  tenements^  and  all  other  places  to  the  said  earl- 
dom pertaining,  which  John  late  Duke  of  Brittany  and 
Earl  of  the  aforesud  place  had  there,  to  b^Te  and 
hold  to  him  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  isauiog,  as  in  the 
cbarter  aforesaid  pUunly  doth  appear:  And  now  the 
Bud  John  King  of  Castille,  divers  treattes  hereupon  being 
bad  with  the  prelates,  peers,  earls,  grandees,  nobles,  and 
sages  of  the  royal  council,  well  weighing  and  consider- 
ing, thal^  if  the  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands, 
tenements,  and  places  aforesaid  were  to  be  transferred 
to  him  and  the  royal  throne,  whence  they  had  first 
issued,  it  would  tend  not  lees  to  the  advantage  of  the 
■aid  King  of  England,  and  the  whole  realm  of  England, 
than  to  the  quiet  and  honor  of  the  same.  And  for  that 
the  sud  John  King  of  Castille,  like  a  grateful  son,  pre- 

*  The  □riginal  Ctuurter  doe<  not  now  exiat  in  the  uchiret  of  the 
Duchy  of  Lancaater. 


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«7 

caetra  maoeria  ten»  tenementa  et  loca  prsedicta,  necnon 
feoda  [Dilituin  ad  eadem  comitatum  boDorem  caetra  nuu 
neria  terras  tenementa  et  loca  preedicta  pertinentia,  et 
similiter  advocationes  eiedem  Bpectantes  aimul  cum  mem- 
bris  bamelettis  pratiB  pascuie  paetmia  piscariis  morie  m&iia- 
cis  turbariis  chacnis  parcis  boscis  wareonis  hundredis  wapen- 
tachiis  feriis  mercatia  libertatibiu  liberis  consuetudinibus 
escaetia  et  oranibus  aliia  ad  pnedicta  comitatum  bcmorem 
castra  tnaaeria  terras  tenementa  et  loca  prsdicta  qualiteiv 
cumque  et  ubicumque  spectantibus  sire  pertiDentibuB,  prse- 
fato  patri  sue  traderentur ;  unde  prsedictua  Dominus  Rex 
AnglisG  gradtudinem  prsedictam  multis  attoUena  laudibus,  et 
Tolena  proinde  prsebto  Johanni  Re^  Castellae,  et  in  status 
sui  supportationem  majorem,  retributionem  sibi  facere  com- 
peteatem,  caatrum  manerium  et  bonorem  de  Tlckbull,  cas- 
trum  et  manerium  de  Alto  Fecco,  cum  feodis  militum  eisdem 
'  eastris  manerus  et  bonori  pertinentibuB  sive  spectantibus,  et 
omnia  feoda  quae  dictus  Dominus  Rex  Angli»  babuit  ex 
dono  et  conceaeione  Robert!  de  Lisle  militis  (feodis  ques  in 
maou  ipeius  Domini  Regis  Angliae  sunt  extincta  dum- 
taxat  exceptis)  necnon  adTocationes  eccleeiarum  de  Steyn- 
drop  et  Braunspath  in  episcopatu  Dunolmensi,  et  libera- 
rum  cspellanim  de  llckbuU  et  de  Alto  Fecco,  oc  eccleai» 
de  Marsfeld,  liberse  capellm  ibidem,  libera  capeUse  infra 
castrum  de  Pevenese,  prioratus  de  Wilmingdon,  qui  est 
cella  abbatisB  Sanctie  Man»  de  Greeton  in  Normannia, 
et  prioratus  de  Withiham,  qui  est  cella  abbatise  Sancti 
Martini  de  Menmest  Turon*,  et  domus  Sancti  Roberti 
de  Knaresburgh ;  castrum  manerium  et  bonorem  de  Knares' 
buigb  cum  pertinentiiB,  et  bundredum  sive  wapentachium 
de  Stajmcli^  cum  peninentiis  in  comitatu  Eboraci,  ma- 
neria  de  Grynglay  et  Whetelay,  cum  pertinentiis  in  co- 
mitatu Notingbamise,  maneria  de  Wygbton,  Ailesham,  Fa- 


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«7 
ferring  bis  father's  pleuura,  and  the  boaor  and  con- 
venience of  the  kingdom  of  England,  to  his  own  private 
advantage,  of  hie  own  pure  will  and  free  accord,  for  the 
causes  and  reasons  aforesaid,  hath  especially  acquiesced 
and  granted  that  the  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  and  places  aforesaid,  and  also  the 
knighta'  fees  perbuning  to  the  some  earldom,  honor, 
castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  places  aforesaid, 
and  in  like  msDoer  the  advowsons  belonging  to  tbe  sam^ 
together  with  the  members,  bamlets,  meadows,  feedings 
pastures,  fisheries,  moors,  marshes,  turbaries,  chases,  parks, 
woods,  warrens,  hundreds,  wapentakes,  fiurs,  markets,  li- 
berties, free  customs,  escheats,  and  all  other  things  to  the 
aforesaid  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements^ 
and  places  aforesaid  howsoever  and  wheresoever  belong- 
ing or  pertaining,  shall  be  given  up  to  his  aforessdd  father ; 
whereupon  the  aforesaid  X^ord  the  King  of  England,  ex- 
tolling with  many  praises  the  gratitude  aforesaid,  and 
being  willing  therefore  to  make  competent  retribution 
to  him  the  aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille,  and  for  tbe 
better  support  of  bis  station,  hath  given  and  granted 
for  himself  and  his  heirs  unto  the  aforesaid  John  King 
of  Castille  the  castle,  manor,  and  honor  of  Hckhill,  tbe 
castle  and  manor  of  tbe  High  Peak,  with  the  knights' 
fees  to  the  same  castles,  manors,  and  honor  perbuning 
or  bebngin^  and  all  the  fees  which  the  said  Lord  tbe 
King  of  England  hod  by  the  gift  and  grant  of  Sir  lU^iert 
de  IJsle,  knight,  (oxceptiDg  only  those  foes  which  are 
extinct  in  the  hands  of  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  Eng- 
land,) and  also  tbe  odvowsoos  of  tbe  churches  of  Stun- 
drop  and  Broncepetb  in  the  bishopric  of  Durham,  and 
of  the  tree  chapels  of  llckhi)!  and  High  Peak,  and  of 
the   church   of  MaresGeld  and  free  chapel  there,  of  the 


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kenhamdam,  et  Soetesham ;  necnon  hundreds  de  Nortti- 
grenebowe,  Norther{Hi]ghaiii,  Sutberpingham,  et  Smetbe- 
doD,  cum  pertinentiis  in  comitatibua  Norfolciee  et  Suffolcio^ 
maneria  de  Glatton  et  Holm,  cum  pertinentiis  in  comitatu 
HunlingdoniflB,  manerium  de  Saham,  cum  pertinentiia  is 
comitatu  Cantabrigiae,  caetnim  et  leucatam  de  Pevenese 
ac  maneria  de  Wilyndon  et  Manfeld,  necnon  ballivam  de 
Endelenewyk,  cum  pertineDtiis  in  comitatu  SuBSexiee,  et 
liberam  chactam  de  Alto  Pecco,  quam  dictua  Dominus 
Rex  Angliae  tenuit  in  macu  sua  ut  forestam,  tenendam  ut 
liberam  chadam,  ac  liberam  chadam  de  ABshedon,  cum 
juiibua  et  libertatibua  liberie  chaciis  perdnentibua ;  et 
annuam  firmam  ducentarum  marcarum  quam  abbas  et 
conventuB  beats  Marice  Eborum  eidem  Domino  Regi 
AoglieB  et  baeredibuB  Buis  pro  manerio  de  Whitegift  sol- 
vere tenentur,  percipiendam  per  tnanus  dictorum  abbatis 
et  conventus  et  euccessorum  euorum,  dedit  et  concesnfc 
pro  se  et  hseredibuB  euis  prsefato  Johanni  Regi  Castellse^ 
babenda  aibi  et  baeredibus  de  corpore  suo  exeuntibue  una 
cum  mewbris  bamelettis  pratis  paecuie  pasturis  piscariiB 
moris  mariscis  turbariis  chafflis  parda  boscia  warennia 
bundredis  wapentacbiis  feriis  mercatis  libertatibua  H- 
beris  consuetudinibuB  escaetie  et  omnibus  aliie  ad  prse- 
dicta  caatra  maneria  bonores  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam 
et  cbacias  qualitercunque  et  ubicunque  spectantibua  sive 
peitinentibuB  de  prxfato  Domino  Rege  Anglis  et  bsere- 
dibus  suie  per  servitia  inde  debita  et  consueta  imper- 
petuum  in  cBcambium  pro  dictis  comitatu  Ricbemondiee 
bonore  castria  maneriia  terns  tenementie  loda  feodis  et  ad- 
vocationibuB  prKdictia,  que  idem  Jobannes  Rex  Castell» 
per  banc  cartam  indentatam  dedit  concessit  et  sursum  red- 
didit eidem  Domino  Regi  Angliae  et  hseredibus  suia  im- 
perpetuum   in  escambium  pro  castris  manertis  bonoribua 


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free  chapel  within  Pevensey  castle,  of  the  priory  of  WiU 
mingdon,  which  is  a  cell  of  the  abhey  of  Su  Mary  de 
GrestoD  in  NoTmandy,  and  of  the  priory  of  Withiham, 
which  ia  a  cell  of  the  ahbey  of  Sl  Martin  de  Meremest 
in  Tourain,  and  of  the  house  of  St.  Robert  of  Knares- 
boro'; — the  castle,  manor,  and  honor  of  Knaresboro',  with 
appurtananceB ;  and  the  hundred  or  wapentake  of  Stain- 
clif^  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  York ;  —  the 
manors  of  Gringley  and  Wheatley,  with  appurtenances,  in 
the  county  of  Nottingham ; — the  manors  of  Wighton,  Ayls> 
ham,  Fakenham,  and  Suettisham,  and  also  the  hundreds  of 
North  Greenho^  North  Erpingham,  South  Erpingham,  and 
Smithdon,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  counties  of  Norfolk 
and  Suffolk; — the  manors  of  Glatton  aud  Holm,  with  ap* 
purtenances,  in  the  county  of  Huntingdon; — the  manor  of 
Sobam,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Cambridge; 
— the  casUe  and  laieata  of  Pevenaey,  and  the  manors  of 
Willingdon  and  Maresfield,  and  also  the  bailiwick  of  En- 
delenewick,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Siusex; 
— and  the  free  chase  of  the  High  Peak,  which  the  swd 
Lord  the  King  of  England  held  in  his  hands  as  a  forest^ 
to  hold  as  a  iree  chase; — and  the  free  chase  of  Ashdown, 
with  the  rights  and  liberties  to  iree  chases  pertaining;— 
and  the  yearly  farm  of  200  marks  which  the  abbot  and 
convent  of  St  Mary's  at  York  are  held  to  pay  to  the 
same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  bis  heun  for  the 
manor  of  White^ft,  to  be  perceived  by  the  bands  of  the 
said  abbot  and  convent,  and  their  successors: — To  have 
to  him  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issiung,  together  with  the 
members,  hamlets,  meadows,  feedhigs,  pastures,  fisheries, 
moors,  marshea,  turbaries,  chases,  parks,  woods,  warrens, 
hundreds,  wapentakes,  fain,  markets,  liberties,  free  cus- 
toms, escheats,  and  all  otiier  things  to  the  aforesaid  caatiea, 


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bundredifl  leucata  ballivs  chaciis  fimu  feodis  et  advo- 
catiombus  praedictja,  sibi  per  ipaum  DomiDum  Regem 
AoglicE^  ut  pneditntur,  datis  et  coaceBsu,  eub  ea  qusa 
Bequitur  conditioae,  quod  si  bferedee  dicta  JohanoiB  Il^iis 
Castellse  recuperavermt  per  judicuum  inde  rite  redditum, 
comitatnin  Richemondise,  honorem  castra  maneria  terras 
tenementa  loca  feoda  et  advocatioiies  praedicta  aut  ali- 
quam  parcellam  eoruDdem,  virtute  doni  tallis  eupradicti, 
et  poasesaioDom  inde  habueritit,  recuperationein  illam  affii^ 
mando,  liceat  ^dem  DonuDo  Regi  AngUee  et  heeredibuB  suis 
castra  maneria  boDores  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam  cbaciaa 
firmam  feoda  et  advocationeB  prsedicta,  preefoto  Johanni 
Regi  Castellce  aic  in  escamlHusi  preedictum  data  et  con- 
ceBsa,  TsiBtrare  et  tenere  imperpetuum.  Et  si  contJn- 
gat  praedicta  castra  maneria  honores  hundieda  leuca- 
tam balliTain  chacias  firmam  feoda  «t  advocatiooes  aut 
aliquam  parcellam  eorumdem  prae&to  Johanni  Regi  Cas- 
tellae  in  eacambium  prsedictum  sic  data  et  conceeea  ab 
eodem  Jobanne  Rege  Caatellffi  aeu  hseredibus  Buis  prtedic- 
tis  recaperari,  dictuB  Dominus  Res  Angliie  et  bieredes  eui 
debitam  recompeDsaUonem  pisfato  Jobanni  R^  Castells 
et  bsredibus  sius  praedictis,  de  valore,  nne  difficultate 
qualibet  facere  teneantur.  Dumtamen  idem  Jobannes  Rex 
CaBtellae  et  baeredes  sui  prasdicU  a  dicto  Domino  R«ge 
Angliae  aut  hsredibus  suis  auxilium  petant,  et  debitam 
diligentiam  apponant  circa  salvationem  de  eo  quod  versus 
eoB  peti  contingat.  Et  eUam  si  comitatum  Richemondise 
bonorem  castra  maneria  terras  tenementa  loca  feoda  et 
adTocationes  pnedicta  aut  aliquam  parcellam  eorumdem 
extra  mauus  dicti  Domini  Regis  Angliae  seu  baeredum 
suorum  in  feodo  umplici  aut  talliato  poni  contingat,  et 
impoaterum  ad  manus  ejusdem  Domini  Regis  Angliae  vel 
haerednm  snonun,  ex  josta  causa,  in  feodo  derenerint, 


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manors,  boaora,  hundreda,  levcata,  bailiwick,  and  cbaaes 
howBoever  and  wberesoever  belonging  or  pertaining,  of 
tbe  afbresud  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs, 
by  tbe  Berrices  therefore  due  and  accustomed  for  ever,  in 
exchange  for  the  said  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor, 
castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  places,  fees  and  adrow- 
Bons  aforesaid,  which  tlie  same  John  King  of  Castille  by 
this  charter  indented  hath  given,  granted,  and  surrendered 
to  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs  for 
ever  in  exchange  for  the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hundreds, 
leucata,  bailiwick,  chases,  tarm,  fees,  and  adrowsons  afore- 
said,-  given  and  granted  to  him  by  the  same  Lord  the  King 
of  England  as  is  aforesaid, — under  the  condition  hereaAet 
following, — that  if  the  heirs  of  the  Bud  John  King  of 
Castille  shall  recover  by  judgment  thereupon  rightfully 
given  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands^  tenements,  placee,  fees,  and  advowsons  aforesaid,  or 
any  pan»l  thereof,  by  virtue  of  the  aforesaid  gift  in  tail, 
and  thereof  have  poesession,  affirming  that  recovery,  it  may 
be  lawful  for  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his 
heirs  to  re-enter  and  bold  for  ever  tbe  castles,  manore, 
honors,  hundreds,  feuco^o,  bailiwick,  chases,  farm,  fees,  and 
advowsons  aforesaid  so  given  and  granted  to  tbe  aforesaid 
John  King  of  Castille  in  exchange  as  aforesaid.  And  if 
it  happen  that  the  aforesaid  castles,  manors,  honors,  hun- 
dreds, leucata,  bailiwick,  chaseB,  farm,  fees  and  advowsons, 
or  any  parcel  thereof  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid 
John  King  of  Castille  in  exchange  as  aforeBaid,  be  re- 
covered from  the  same  John  King  of  Castille  or  bis  heirs 
aforesaid,  the  stud  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs 
shall  be  held  to  make  due  compensation  of  the  value  to 
the  aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesMd 
without  any  difficulty.     So  however,  that  the  same  John 


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80 

tarn  idem  DomiQua  Rex  Anglise  et  bseredea  sui  castro 
maneria  honores  bundreds  leucotam  ballivam  cbociaB  fii^ 
mam  feoda  et  advocatioiies  praedicta  prsefsto  Johanni  Regt 
Castellffi  et  bseredibus  de  corpore  auo  ezeuDtibue  sic 
data  et  concessa,  quam  prsefatus  Jobaonea  Rex  CastellsB 
et  broredes  sui  prcedicti  dictum  comitatum  Ricbemondiee 
ac  honorem  caatra  maneria  terras  tenementa  loca  feoda 
et  advocationes  prsBdicta  dicto  Domino  Regi  Angliie  et 
heeredibuB  suie  in  eecambium  praedictum  ut  prsemittitur 
data  et  concessa,  pro  integro  seu  pro  rata  rehabeant  bine 
et  inde^  et  restitutio  ezinde  fiat,  tenenda  prout  priua.  Et 
idem  Dominus  Rex  Anglise  et  bseredea  eui  caatra  muieria 
boDorea  himdreda  leucatam  balUvam  chaciaa  firmam  feoda 
et  advocatioQes  preedicta,  preefato  Jobanni  Regi  Castelbe 
et  hseredibus  de  corpore  auo  exeuntibua  per  ipaum  Do- 
minum  Regem  Anglise  data  et  concessa,  pnefato  Jobaoni 
Regi  Castellie  et  bieredibus  suia  prtedictia  waraDUzabunt  et 
impeipetuum  defendent,  juxta  rim  et  effectum  escambii 
et  condiUonum  prsedietorum.  Et  similiter  idem  Johannes 
Rex  Castellffi  et  baeredes  sui  praedictum  comitatum  Riche- 
mondiffi,  aimul  cum  bonore  caatris  maneriia  terris  tenemeu- 
tis  locia  feodis  et  advocadonibus  preedictis,  prtedicto  Do- 
mino Regi  AngUffl  et  bsredibus  suis  contra  omnes  warao- 
tizabunt  et  tmperpetuum  defendent,  juxta  vim  et  effectum 
escambii  et  conditionmn  prEedictorum.  In  cujus  rei  tes- 
timonium praedictffi  cartie  indentatse  tarn  aigillum  dicti  Do- 
mini Re^B  Anglise  quam  Eigillum  dicti  JoiiaDDis  Regis  Ca»- 
tellse  alternatim  sunt  appensa.  Hiis  testibus,  venerabilibus 
patribus  Willielmo  Arcbiepiacopo  Cantuarienu  totius  An- 
glin  Primate,  Simone  LomUnensi  et  ^llielmo  Wintonienai, 
Episcopis,  Edmundo  filio  dicti  Regis  Anglise  carisumo 
Cantabrigise,  Ricardo  Anindellite,  Humfrido  de  Bofaun  He- 
refordiie  et  Willielmo  de  Monte  Acuto  Sarum,  Conutibus, 


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King  of  CastiUe  and  his  heirs  aloresaid  pray  aid  of  the 
sud  Lord  tbe  King  of  England  oi  his  heirs,  and  apply 
due  diligence  about  the  salvation  of  that  whidi  may 
happen  to  be  sued  against  them.  And  also  if  it  happen 
that  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  adroHsonB  aforesaid, 
or  any  parcel  thereof,  be  put  out  of  the  hands  of  the 
said  Lord  the  King  of  England  or  his  heirs  in  fee 
Hmple  or  tail,  and  thereafter  shall  come  by  just  cause 
into  the  hands  of  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England 
or  bis  heirs  in  ke,  as  well  the  same  Lord  the  King  of 
England  and  his  heirs,  the  caatlee,  manors,  honors,  hun- 
dreds, Uueaia,  bailiwick,  chases,  farm,  fees,  and  advowsons 
aforesaid  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid  John 
King  of  Castille  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issuing  as  the 
aforesud  John  King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  the 
said  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  advowBons  aforesaid 
given  and  granted  to  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England 
and  bis  heirs  in  exchange  aforesud,  as  is  premised,  may 
bare  back  on  either  side  entirely  or  proportionately, 
and  restitution  thereupon  be  made,  to  hold  as  before. 
And  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs, 
the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hundreds,  leucata^  bailiwick, 
chases^  EEtnn,  fees  and  advowsons  aforesaid  ^ven  and 
granted  by  the  same  Lprd  the  King  of  England  to  the 
aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille  and  the  heirs  of  his  body 
issuing,  will  warrant  and  for  ever  defend  to  the  aforesaid 
John  King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  according 
to  the  force  and  effect  of  the  exchange  and  conditions 
aforesaid.  And  in  like  manner  the  same  John  King  of 
Castille  and  Ms  heirs,  the  aforesaid  earldom  of  Richmond, 
together  with  the  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements, 


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Henrico  de  Perey,  Roberto  de  Thorp  CancelUricv  Ricardo 
de  Scrap  Theaaunuio^  WilUelmo  Latymer  Camerario,  Jo- 
banoe  de  Neville  Seaescallo  hospifii  prsedicd  Domini  Regis 
AnglifB,  Jobanne  Knyvet,  WUlielmo  de  Fynchedece,  Jo. 
hanne  Moubray,  Tboma  de  Ingelby,  Willieboo  de  Wy- 
cbyngbain,  Rogero  de  Meres  et  Johaiuie  de  Careiidisah, 
ejusdein  Domini  Regie  Anglie  juBtitiariis,  et  aliig.  Data 
apud  WestDonaateriiun  vicesimo  quinto  die  Junii,  anno 
regni  dicti  Domini  Regis  Anglis  quadragesimo  Bezto^  regni 
vero  Biu  Francise  tricesimo  tertio> 

Per  ipsum  Regem  et  Concilium. 
"  Et  memorandum  quod  una  pars  iatius  indenturae  re- 
manens  penes  Regem  Aaglife  dedmo  nono  die  Julii  libe- 
rata  fuit  Ricardo  de  Raveneeere  clerico." 


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81 

places,  fees,  and  advowsoos  aforesiud,  agwnst  all  men  will 
warrant  and  lor  ever  defend  to  the  aforeeaid  Lord  the 
King  of  Enf^land  and  his  heirs,  according  to  the  force 
and  effect  of  the  escbaoge  and  conditions  aforesaid.  In 
witness  whereof^  as  well  the  eeal  of  the  said  Lord  the 
King  of  England,  as  the  seal  of  the  said  John  King  of 
CasUlle,  alternately  are  set  to  the  aforesud  charter  in> 
dented.  These  being  witnesses,  the  venerahle  Atthera, 
William  Archtusbop  of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  Eng- 
land; Simon  Biahop  of  London,  and  William  Bishop  of 
Winchester ;  Edmund  Earl  of  Cambridge^  the  most  dear 
son  of  the  said  King  of  England ;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel; 
Humphrey  de  Bohun,  Earl  of  Hereford,  and  William  de 
MoDtacute,  Earl  of  Salisbury;  Henry  de  Percy;  Robert 
de  ThoriH  Chancetior ;  Richard  de  Scroope,  Treasurer ; 
William  Latymer,  Chamberlain ;  John  de  Neville,  Steward 
of  the  household  of  the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  of  Eng- 
land; John  Knyvet,  William  de  Fynchedene,  John  Mou- 
bray,  Thomas  de  Ingelby,  William  de  Wycbyngbam,  Roger 
de -Meres,  and  John  de  Cavendissfa,  Justices  of  the  same 
Lord  the  King  of  England,  and  others.  Given  at  West- 
minster on  the  twenty-fifth  day  of  June,  in  the  forty-sixth 
year  of  the  reign  of  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England, 
and  the  Uiirty-third  of  his  reign  of  France. 

By  the  King  himself  and  Coundl. 
"  And  be  it  remembered  that  the  one  part  of  this  in- 
denture remuning  with  the  King  of  England  was  delivered 
on  the  nineteenth  day  of  July  to  Richard  de  Ravensere, 
clerk." 


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IX. 
Pro  Dues  Lancastria. 
S^^S  te****!!  D WAEDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglim  et  Francwe 
&im!iind!'  f,  "^BhS  ^t DomiDiis  HibemueomnibuB  ad  quoB  pnBflentes 
literse  peTvenerint,  ealatem.  St^tis  quod  ei  noa, 
debita  conuderatione  pmsaotes  gestua  magnifi- 
cos  cunctorum  qui  iiobia  in  guerris  Dostris  laudabiliter  et 
BtreDue  servienint,  ipaos  deuderemua  honoribus  attollere 
et  pro  viribus  juxta  merita  praemiare,  quanto  magis  .filios 
□OBtros,  quoa  tarn  in  Bapientia  quam  in  gestu  nobili  altos 
prEBcellerfl  coaspicimus,  et  qui  nobia  locum  tenoeruDt  et 
tenere  potenint  podorem,  nos  convemt  majoribua  hono- 
ribus et  gratiis  priBrogare.  Considerantes  itaque  pro- 
bitatem  atrenuam  et  sapientiam  praecellentem  cariaainii 
filii  Qostri  Jobannis  B«gi8  Castellie  et  Legionia,  Ducia 
Lancastrian  qiu  laboribua  et  expensis  semper  se  nobis 
obsequiosum  exhibuit,  pro  nobis  pluries  in  necessitati- 
bus  intrepide  se  gueirarum  discrimitjibus  exponendo;  et 
Tolentee  eo  preetextu  ac  desiderantes  eundem  filium  nos- 
trum aliquali  commodo  et  honore  ad  prssens,  licet  non  ad 
plenum,  prout  digna  merita  exposcunt,  remunerare ;  ex 
certa  scieotia  nostra  et  keto  corde,  de  assensu  praslatorum 
et  procerum  in  instanti  parliamento  noatro  apud  Westmo. 
nasterium  conrocato  existentium,  concessimus,  pro  nobis  et 
bieredibus  nostris,  pne&to  filio  nostro,  quod  ipse  ad  totam 
vitam  suam  habeat  infra  comitatum  Lancastriie  caucella' 
nam  suam,  ac  brevia  sua  sub  sigillo  suo  pro  officio  cancel- 


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Fob  the  Duke  op  Lancabteb.* 

nDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  ^^**^^ 
\  and  France  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  «■>-i*"- 

the  present  letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know 
1  ye,  that  if  we,  weighing  with  due  connderatjon 
the  noble  bearings  of  all  those  who  laudably  and  stre- 
nuously have  served  us  in  our  wars,  be  deurous  of 
raiung  them  to  honors,  and  rewarding  them  for  their 
valour  according  to  their  merits,  bow  much  more  doA 
it  beeome  ub  to  advance  with  greater  honors  and  favors 
our  own  sons,  whom  we  see  excelling  others  as  well  in  wis- 
dom as  in  noble  bearing,  and  who  have  stood  and  may 
stand  us  in  better  stead.  Considering,  therefore,  the  stre-  ^™!'^"^ 
OUOU8  goodness  and  excellent  wisdom  of  our  most  dear  SUTSSS^rf 
son  John  King  of  Castillo  and  Leon,  Duke  of  Lancas-  ^'"■^*^- 
ter,  who  bath  ever  shewn  himself  ready  to  serve  us  with 
labor  and  charges,  many  times  in  our  need  intrepidly 
exposing  himself  for  us  to  the  dangers  of  war,  and  being 
willing  on  that  account,  and  desiring  now  to  reward, 
albeit  not  in  full,  the  same  our  son  with  some  benefit 
and  honor  as  bis  merits  worthily  demand,  of  our  certain 
knowledge  and  with  cheerful  heart,  with  the  assent  of 
the  prelates  and  nobles  assembled  in  our  present  par- 
liament convoked  at  Westminster,  we  have  granted,  f<n- 
US  and  our  heirs,  unto  our  aforesaid  son,  that  be  for  the 
whole  of  his  life  may  have  within  the  county  of  Lan- 
*  The  on^n»l  Chtiiet  is  pKBcived  in  the  uchiTes  of  the  Ducby  of 


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88 

Urise  deputando  coDBignapda,  justitiarioe  buos  tam  ad  pla- 
cita  coronse  quam  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  communem 
legem  tangeotia  tenenda,  ac  cognitjooes  eorundem,  et  quas- 
cumque  executioDes  per  brevia  sua  et  miniBtroa  suoa  ibidem 
bcieodas,  et  qusocumque  alia  libertatea  et  jura  regalia  ad 
comitem  palatinum  pertioentia,  adeo  integre  et  libera  eicut 
Comes  CeBtnsB  iufra  euudem  comitatum  Cestrise  dinoscitur 
obtinere  (dedmie  quintisdecimis  et  aliis  quotis  et  subsidiU 
nobis  et  heeredibus  nostrie  per  communitatem  regni  noatri, 
et  dedmis  et  aliia  quotis  per  clerum  ejusdem  regui  nobis 
concessiB  et  imposterum  concedendis,  aut  eidem  clero  per 
sedem  apostolicam  impositis  et  imponendis,  ac  pardona- 
tionibua  Titee  et  membrorum  in  casu  quo  aliquis  ejusdem 
comitatus  aut  aliuB  in  eodem  comitatu  pro  aliquo  delicto 
Titam  vel  membrum  amittere  debeat,  ac  etiam  superioritate 
et  potestate  corrigendi  ea  quae  in  curiis  ejusdem  filit  nostri 
ibidem  erronice  facta  fueiint,  vel  si  idem  filius  noster  aut 
ministri  sui  in  justitia  in  curiis  ejusdem  filii  nostri  inibi 
fadenda  defecerint,  semper  salris).  Et  est  intentionis  nos- 
trie quod  idem  filius  noBter,  ad  mandata  nostra  et  hieredum 
nostrorum,  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  nostra  duos  milites 
pro  communitate  comitatus  prsedicti  et  duos  burgenses  de 
quolibet  burgo  ejusdem  comitatus  ad  tiactandum  cum  aliis 
de  communitate  dicti  regni  nostri  ad  eadem  parliamenta  et 
condiia  venientibus  de  negotiis  dicti  regni  nostri  in  eisdem 
parliamentis  et  conciliia  exponendis  mittere  teneatur.  Et 
quod  idem  filius  noster  certos  homines  fideles  et  suffldentes 
ad  hujusmodi  decimas  et  qmntasdectmae  subsidia  et  alia 
quota  quotiens  ea  nobis  seu  bseredibus  nostris  in  parlia- 
mentis  seu  condliis  concedi  contigerit  asBignet;  ita  quod 
nobis  et  bseredibus  nostris  de  sic  concessis  respondeatur 


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caster  hu  dumcery,  and  his  writs  to  be  sealed  under 
bis  seal  to  be  deputed  for  the  office  of  the  chancery,  his 
justices  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the  crown  as  all  other 
pleas  whatsoever  touching  the  common  law,  and  the  cog- 
nisance thereof,  and  all  manner  of  execution  to  be  made 
by  his  writs  and  his  ministers  there,  and  all  other  liber- 
ties and  jura  regalia  pert^ning   to  a  Count  Palatine,  as  u>dyinr<- 
freely  and  entirely  as  the  Earl  of  Chester  is  well  known  H^'**"* 
to   obtain   witbyi   the   same  county   of  Chester:    (saving  "«"^ 
always   the    tenths,    fifteenths,   and    other    contributions 
and  Buhndies  granted  and  hereafter  to  be  granted  to  us 
and  our  heirs  by  tiie  commonalty  of  our  realm,  and  the 
tenths  and   other  contributions   granted  and  hereafter  to 
be  granted  to  us  by  the  clergy  of  the  same  our  realm, 
or  imposed   and    to   be   imposed   upon   the   same  clergy 
by  the  apostolic  see; — and  the  pardon  of  life  and  limbs 
in  case  that  any   person  of  the  same  county,   or   other 
person  in  the  same  county,  ought  for  any  delict   to  lose 
his  life  or  limb;  —  and  also   the   superiority  and   power 
of  correcting   those   things  which   shall  have  been  erro- 
neously  done  there  in  the  courts  of  our  same  son,  or   if 
our  same  son  or  his  ministers  shall  have  &iled  in  doing 
justice  there  also  in  the  courts  of  the  same  our  son.)     And  ^^'bnu 
it  is  our  intention  that  our  aame  son,  at  the  mandates  of  ul^*-" 
OS  and  our  h^rs,  be  held  to  send  to  our  parliaments  and  tmin  pw 
councils  two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  shire  afore- 
said, and  two  burgesses  Irom  every  borough  of  the  same 
shire,  to  treat  with  the  others  of  the  commonalty  of  our 
said  realm  coming  to  the  same  parliaments  and  councils 
concerning  the  afl^rs  of  our  sud  realm  in  the  same  parlia- 
ments and  councils  to  be  declared.     And  that  our  same  JJ2ii"Si«. 
son  shall  asugn  certiun  trusty  and  sufficient  men  for  the  '^^^^^ 
like  tenths  and  fifleenths,  subsidies  and   other   contribu-  S^"** 


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84 

per  eoedem.  In  cujus  rei  testimonium  has  literas  nostras 
fieri  fecimuB  patentes.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Weetmonas- 
terium  vicemmo  octavo  die  Februarii,  anno  regni  nostri 
Angliee  quinquagesimo  primo,  regni  vero  nostri  Francise 
triceeimo  octavo. 

Per  ipsum  Regem  de  asseneu  totius  ParliamentL 


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84 

tionS)  80  ofteB  as  they  Bhall  happen  to  he  granted  to 
us  or  our  heirs  in  parliament  or  council;  bo  that  we  and 
our  heirs  may  by  them  be  answered  in  respect  of  such 
grants.  In  witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our 
letters  to  be  made  pateot.  Witness  ounelf  at  West- 
minster on  the  twenty-eighth  day  of  February,  in  the 
fifty-first  year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and  the  thirty- 
eighth  of  our  reign  of  Frauce. 

By  the  King  himself,  with  the  aBsent  of  the  whole 
Parliament 


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X. 

Fro  Johanne  Reoe  Castells  et  I^eoionis  Duce 

LaNCA8TRI£. 

^DWARDUS,  Dei  gratia  Rex  Aogliae  et  Fran- 
ciae,  et  DominuB  Hibernis,  archiepiscopis,  epi- 
scopis,  abbatibuB,  prioribus,  ducibus,  comitibua, 
baroDibus,  militibus,  justitiarue,  vicecomitibus, 
preepOBiti%  baUivis,  miniBtriB,  et  aliis  fidelibus  suiB)  sa- 
lutem.  Sciatia  quod  cum  Duper  per  cartam  noBtram  in- 
dentatam  dederimus  et  concesBerimus  pro  oobiE  et  heere- 
dibus  nostris  quaDtum  in  nobis  fuit  cariBBimo  filio  nostro 
Johanni  Regi  Casteliro  et  Legionis,  Duci  Lancastrise,  caa- 
tnim  manerium  et  honorem  de  Tickhull,  ac  alia  terraB  et 
teaementa  in  dicta  carta  nostra  Bpedficata  cum  perd- 
nentiis ;  habenda  ubi  et  heeredibus  de  corpore  buo  exeun- 
tibuB  in  eacambium  pro  comitatu  Richemondiee,  ac  bonore 
castris  maneriiB  terns  tenementie  et  omnibus  aliis  lode  ad 
dictum  comitatum  pertiaentibus  nobis  et  hsredibus  noBtris 
per  prffifatum  filium  nostrum  datds  concesns  et  sunum  reddi- 
tiB,proutin  carta  nostra  prsedictapleniuscontinetur;  ac  jam 
praefatus  filius  noBter  nobis  Bupplicaverit  ut  cum  villa  de 
Grenstede  quffi  ut  parcella  manerii  de  Marsfeld,  villa  de 
Seford  quee  ut  parcella  caatri  et  leucatm  de  Pevensey, 
et  villa  de  Laghton  in  Mortbyng  quae  ut  parcella  castri 
et  honoiiB  de  Tickbull,  sibi  in  certum  valorem  in  escam- 
bium  praedictum  (nulla  spedali  mentione  facta  de  villis  illia 
in  dicta  carta  nostra)  liberata  fuerunt^  tria  groasa  per  ae 
separadm  et  non  pertinentia  ad  manerium  de  Marsfeld 
caatrum  et  leucatam  de  Peveneey  et  caatrum  et  honorem 


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X. 

Fob  John  King  or  Castille  and  Leon,  Duke  of 
Lancaster.* 
nDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  «h  June, 
and  France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  his  arch-  *^»-i«J- 
bishops,   bishops,  abbots,   priors,   dukes,  earls, 
i'^i-'^^'  barons,  knights,  justices,  sherifie,  reeves,  bailifis, 
ministers,  and  other  bis  faithful  people,  greetbg.     Know  rhHeii  ihu 
ye,  that  whereas  we  did  lately  by  our  charter  indented  give  "j™*^ 
and  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs,  as  far  as  did  in  us  lie,  to  our  ™^£^ 
most  dear  son  John  King  of  Castille  and  Leon  and  Duke  1^,^^ 
of  Lancaster  the   castle   manor   and   honor  of  Tickbill 
and  other  lands  and  tenements  in  our  said  charter  spe- 
cified, with  appurtenances,  to  have  to  him  and  the  heirs  of 
his  body  issuing,  in  exchange  for  the  earldom  of  Richmond 
and   the   honor  castles  manors  lands   tenements   and  all 
other  places  to  the  said  earldom  pertaining,  given  granted 
and  surrendered  to  ua  and  our  heirs  by  our  aforesaid  son, 
as  in  our  charter  aforesud  more  fully  is  contained;  and  ^^^^^ 
now  our  aforesaid  son  hath  besought  us,  that,  whereas  the  |!||ll'^t^ 
town  of  Grinstead,  which  as  parcel  of  the  manor  of  Mares-  thl^'^'' 
field,  the  town  of  Seaford,  which  as  parcel  of  the  castle  and  mcniiaiied  m 
kucata  of  Pevensey,  and   the    town  of  Laughton-in-le-  '^JlH^" 
Morthen,  which   as   parcel   of  the   castle  and    honor  of 
Hckhill,  were  delivered  to  htm  at  a  certun  valuation  in 
the  exchange  aforesud,  (no  special  mention  being  made 
of  those  towns  in  our  sud  charter,)  be  three  towns  in 
gross  severally  of  themselves,  and  be  not  nor  were  at  any 

*  The  original  Chaiter  is  prcserred  in  the  uehirra  of  the  Duchj  of 


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8« 

de  TlckhuU  preediota  exiatant,  nee  aliquo  tempore  fuerint, 
sicut  jam  eibi  datur  intelligii  velimus  ne  ipse  aut  bae- 
redes  aui  preedicti  super  occupatione  dictanim  viUanim 
de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton,  ob  defectum  specialis 
nominatiomB  eanimdem  in  concesaioQe  Dostra  prsdicta 
impetantur  infuturum,  dictas  rillas  de  Grenstede,  Se- 
ford* et  Lagbton,  nominatim  eibi  concedere,  habendas  et 
tenendas  una  cutn  dictis  castro  manerio  et  bonore  de 
Tickbull,  ac  aliis  ten-is  et  tenementis  Bibi  in  dictum  es- 
cambium  datis,  et  etiam  cum  libertatibua  quietantiia  et 
immunitatibus  quae  Pbilippa  nuper  Regina  Anglite,  tunc 
consors  nostra,  quse  dicta  castrum  manerium  et  honorem 
de  Tickbull  et  alia  terras  et  tenementa,  eidem  filio  noatro 
per  DOB  sic  data,  tenuity  in  vita  sua  babuit  ex  concessione 
nostra  in  eisdem,  in  recompensationem  libertatum  quietan- 
tiarum  et  immunitatum  quas  idem  filius  noster  in  dicto 
comitatu  Richemondise  et  bonore  castris  maoeriis  terris 
tenementis  et  aliia  locia  ad  dictum  comitatom  pertjoen- 
tibua  babuit,  dum  ea  tenuit,  ante  escambium  aupradictum. 
Nob  escambium  illud  in  qualibet  parte  ejusdem  obserrare, 
et  tarn  quieti  dicti  filii  nostri  et  haeredum  auorum  prsedic- 
torum  in  hac  parte  proapicere,  quam  dicta  tenementa  eidem 
filio  nostro  ut  prtemittitur  data  et  concesaa  ac  dictas  villas 
de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton,  quas  virtute  dictae 
concessionia  nostrse  sic  tenets  libertatibua  quietantiis  et 
iromunitaUbus,  per  praefotam  consortem  nostram  habiUs 
ut  praemitdtur  in  eisdem,  muniri  et  exomari,  in  recom- 
pensationem  libertatum  quietantianim  et  immunitatum 
per  preedictum  filium  nostrum  in  dicto  comitatu  Ridie- 
mondiffi  et  pertinentiia  auis  prsedictis  nuper  habitarum, 
et  prsecipue  ob  specialem  affectionem  quam  ad  personam 
ejusdem  filii  nostri,  suis  meritis  magnificis  laudabiliter 
exigentibue,  gerimus  et  babemus,  concesaimus  eidem  filio 


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86 

time  pertaining  to  the  aforesaid  manor  of  Mareafield,  castle 
and  leucata  of  Pevensey,  and  castle  and  honor  of  Tickhill, 
as  now  he  is  given  to  understand,  lest  he  or  his  heirs  afore- 
said should  in  future  be  impeached  in  the  occupation  of  the 
said  towns  of  Grinstead,  Seaford,  and  Laugbton  for  the 
want  of  special  naming  of  the  same  in  our  grant  aforesaid, 
we  would  be  pleased  to  grant  the  said  towns  of  Grinstead,  ^J^J^ 
Seaford,  and  Laugbton  to  him  by  name,  to  have  and  to  G^,"' " 
bold  together  with  the   said  castle  manor  and   honor  of 
Tickhill  and  the  o^er  lands  and  tenements  given  to  him 
in  the  said  exchange,  and  also  witli  the  liberties  acquit-  uSmi^'t^ 
tances  and  immunities  which  Pbilippa,  late  Queen  of  Eng-  ^ST*^ 
land,  then  our  consort,  (who  held  the  said  castle,  manor,  (onsvw. 
and  honor  of  Hckhill,  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements  *^**- 
BO  given  by  us  to  our  same  son,)  in  her  lifetime  had  in 
the  same  by  our  grant,  in  compensation  for  the  liberties 
acquittances  and  immunities  which  our  same  son  had  in 
the  8«d  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  in  the  honor  castles  m»- 
nors  lands  tenements  and  other  places  to  the  said  earldom 
pertuning,  whilst  he  held  them  before  the  exchange  above 
said.     We,  to  observe  the  said  exchange   in   every  part  couidn- 
thereof,  and  to  look  as  well  to  the  quiet  of  our  said  son  and  •«•['nuiT 
his  heirs  aforesaid  in  this  behalf,  as  that  the  said  tene-  *^'™'_. 
ments  given  and  granted  to  our  same  son  as  is  premised,  ^^^^ 
and  the  said  towns  of  Grinstead,  Seaford,  and  Laugbton,  Uridii^E^*^ 
which  by  virtue  of  our  said  grant  he  so  holds,  be  adorned 
and  armed  with  the  liberties  acquittances  and  immunities 
had  in  the  same  by  our  aforeswd  consort  as  is  premised,  in 
compensation  for  the  liberties  acquittances  and  immuni- 
ties lately  had  by  our  aforesaid  son  in  the  said  earldom  of 
Richmond  and  its  appurtenances  aforesaid,  and  chiefly  on 
account  of  the  special  affection  which  we  have  and  bear  for  & 
the  person  of  our  same  son,  bis  high  merits  full  worthily  ■ 


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67 

et  fonna  in  eadem  carta  nostra  contentis  Imperpetuuin, 
videlicet^  cum  feodis  tnilitum,  advocationibus  domorum  re- 
ligiosanim  boBpitalium  eccleBiarum  et  capellarum,  wardis 
maritagiis  et  escaetie  de  omDibus  tenentibuB  de  ho- 
noribuB  maneriis  terns  tenementis  et  aliia  locis  pnedictis 
prsefato  filio  noBtro  per  nos  sic  datia,  simul  cum  chaciis 
parcis  boscia  varenniB  feriiB  mercatiB  aquis  viis  piscariis 
commuiuB  asBartis  vastiB  et  purpreaturis,  ac  etiam  arren- 
tationibuB  et  redditibua  quorumcumque  assartorum  vas- 
torum  et  purpresturarum  tarn  temporibus  progenitorum  nos- 
trorum  quondam  Regum  Angliae  quam  nostro  in  chaciia 
et  aliis  locis  preedictis  arrentatorum  et  exnunc  arrentan- 
dorum,  una  cum  finibus  pro  ingresau  hujuamodi  assartorum 
vastorum  et  purpresturarum  sic  arrentandorum,  et  cum 
curiis,  visibuB  franci  plegii,  hundredis,  wapeutachiis,  wrek, 
wayr  et  stray*,  Ubertatibus  regalibus,  et  liberis  consuetudi- 
nibuB,  et  omnibus  aliis  ad  eadem  castra  bonores  maneria 
bundreda  et  alia  terras  teDcmenta  et  loca  qualitercumque 
et  ubicumque  spectantibus.  Concessimus  etiam  pro  nobis 
et  b^eredibus  nostris  eidem  filio  nostro  quod  ipse  et  died 
hseredes  sui  habeant  omnes  fines  redemptiones  et  amercia- 
menta  omnium  bominum  et  teneotium  suorum  de  et  in 
castris  bonoribus  maneriis  bundredis  villis  terrts  tene- 
mentis et  aliiB  locis  prfedictis  sibi  per  nos  sic  dads,  et 
eorum  feodis,  ac  etiam  in  omnibus  villis  bundredis  et 
aliis  locis  unde  annus  finnse  et  redditus  sibi  inter  csetera 
terras  et  tenementa  prtedicta  per  nos  concessi  proveniunt; 
necnon  exitus  forislactos,  et  omnia  quee  ad  nos  et  bieredes 
nostros  pertinere  poterunt  de  anno  die  et  vasto,  foriBfac- 
turis  et  murdris,  in  quibuBCumque  curiis  nostris  et  hseredum 
nostrorum  homines  et  tenentes  illos  (tarn  coram  nobis  et 
bieredibuB  nostris  et  in  cancellaria  nostra  et  beeredum 
nostrorum,    ac    coram    tbesaurario   ct    baron ibus    nostris 


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57 

may  have  and  retua  together  with  the  said  castle  manor 
and  honor  of  llckhill  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements 
aforesaid  by  us  given  to  him  as  is  premised,  and  with  u,a  trior 
the  liberties  acquittances  and  immunities  underwritten,  ii«,  ne. 
(which  we  granted  to  the  aforesaid  Queen  to  have  in 
the  said  lands  and  tenements  by  her  so  held  for  her 
life,  as  is  evident  to  ua  by  the  inspection  of  the  rolls 
of  our  chancery,)  to  have,  use,  and  enjoy  in  the  said 
castle  manor  and  honor  of  Hckhill,  and  the  other  cas- 
tles manors  honors  hundreds,  and  the  towns  of  Grin* 
stead,  Seaford,  and  Laughton,  and  the  other  lands  te- 
nements and  places  whatsoever,  given  by  us  as  has 
been  said  to  our  said  son,  and  in  our  said  charter  more 
fully  specified,  and  in  every  part  thereof — to  our  same 
son  and  the  said  heirs  of  his  body  begotten  as  is  afore- 
sud,  in  exchange  as  abovesaid  under  the  manner  and 
form  contained  in  our  same  charter  fur  ever,  that  is 
to  say,  with  knights'  fees,  advowsons  of  religious  bouses,  Knv»*- 
hospitals,  churches  and  chapels,  wardships,  marriages,  and  ^  «.'"' 
escheats  of  all  the  tenants  of  Uie  honors,  manors,  lands,  te- 
nements and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given  to  our 
aforesaid  son,  together  with  chases,  parks,  woods,  warrens,  chuo, 
fairs,  markets,  waters,  ways,  fisheries,  commons,  assarts, 
wastes,  and  purprestures,  and  also  with  the  arrentations 
and  rents  of  all  manner  of  assarts,  wastes,  and  purprestures 
arrented  in  the  chases  and  other  places  aforesaid,  as  well 
in  our  time  as  in  the  times  of  our  pro^uitors  formerly 
Kings  of  England,  and  hereafter  to  be  arrented,  together 
with  the  fines  for  ingress  of  the  like  assarts,  wastes,  and 
purprestures  so  to  be  arrented,  and  with  courts,  views  of 
frankpledge,  hundreds,  wapentakes,  wreck,  waif  and  stray,  wwk. 
royal  liberties  and  free  customs,  and  all  other  things  to  the 
same  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  and  other  lands. 


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38 

et  bseredum  noatronim  de  scaccario,  quam  conun  jueti- 
tiariU  noetrie  et  hseredum  Dostrorum  itineraDtibuB  ad 
communia  placita  et  ad  plocuta  forest»,  ac  etiam  coram 
juBtitiariis  Dostiis  et  hteredum  Dostrorum  do  banco,  et 
coram  senescallo  et  mareBcallo  ac  coronatore  hospitii 
noBtri  et  bseredum  nostrorum  et  derico  de  mercato, 
ac  coram  aliis  justitjariis  et  minietriB  Dostris  et  bsere- 
dum Dostronim  quibuscumque)  fines  seu  redemptionea 
facere  vel  amereiari,  aut  bujuemodi  exitus  murdra  seu 
forisfacturaa  annum  diem  et  vaetum  adjudicari,  contigerit^ 
adeo  plene  et  iategre  eicut  nos  ea  haheremua  si  priedicta 
castra  honores  maneria  bundreda  villas  terras  tenementa 
et  alia  loca  prsedicta,  eidem  filio  nostro  aic  data,  in  manu 
nostra  retinuissemus.  Ita  quod  ipse  et  dicti  hseredes  sui 
per  manus  ballivorum  et  nuQistrorum  suorum  fines  redem}^ 
tjones  et  amerdamenta  hominum  et  tenentium  pmdictorum 
exitus  forisfactos,  et  omnia  qiue  ad  nos  et  tueredes  nostros 
pertinere  potenint  de  anno  die  vasto,  forishcturis  et 
murdris,  de  et  in  castris  honoribua  maneriis  bundredia 
TiUis  terris  tenementis  et  aliis  locis  prsedictis  per  nos  sic 
datis  ac  eorum  feodis,  quae  coram  prsBdictis  justitiariis  iti- 
nerandbuB  ad  communia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestSB,  ac 
coram  dictis  seneecallo  et  mareecallo  coronatore  seu  clerico 
fieri  et  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  eorumdem  jus- 
titiariorum  idnerantium  in  itineribua  suis  et  senescalli 
et  marescalli  et  coronatoris  ac  clerici  in  sessionibus  suis 
eisdem  ballivia  et  ministrie  iude  liberandae,  necnon  fines 
redempUonea  et  amerciamenta  bominum  et  tenentium  pne- 
dictoruin,  ac  exitus  forisfactos,  et  omnia  qu»  ad  noa  et 
hffiredes  nostros  pertjnere  poterunt  de  anno  die  et  vastO) 
forisfacturis,  et  murdris,  de  et  in  castris  bonoribus 
maneriis  bundredis  Tillis  terris  tenementis  et  aliis  locis 
prsedictis  per  nos  sic  daUs  ac  eorum  feodis,  quse  coram 


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tenemente,  and  placee  howsoever  and  wheresoever  belong- 
ing.    We  have  alec  granted  for  us  and  our  beira  to  our  nnuud 
same  son  that  he  and  bis  said  heirs  may  have  all  fines,  <•>«"•• 
ransoms,  and   amercements  of  all   their  men  and  tenants 
of  and  in   the   castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns, 
lands,  tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  so  given  to 
him  by  us,  and  in  their  fees,  and  also  in  all  the  towns, 
hundreds,  and  other  places  whence  the  annual  &rmB  and 
rents  by  ua  granted   to  him  among  the  other  lands  and 
tenements  aforesaid  do  proceed ;  and  also  forfeited  issues,  forftiud  i>. 
and   all   things  which  can   pertain  to   us  and  our  heirs  taiiuRi,&c. 
of  year,  day,  and  waste,  forfeitures  and  murders,  in  any 
soever   of  the   courts   of  us  and  our  heirs,   where   such 
men  and  tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  ransom 
or  be  amerced,  or  such  issues,  murders,  forfeitures,  year, 
day,  and  waste  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  ^n»  or 
and  our  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  *•""*■ 
before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  as  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  in  eyre 
to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  also 
before  the  justices  of  the  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
before  the  steward  and  marshal  and  coroner  of  tlie  hous»- 
hold  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  the  clerk  of  the  market*  and 
before  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs 
whomsoever,  as  fully  and  entirely  as  we  should  have  them  if 
we  had  retained  in  our  band  the  aforesud  castles,  honors, 
manors,   hundreds,  towns,   lands,    tenements,  and    other 
places  aforesaid  so  given  to  our  same  son.     So  that  he  Tbei>uk> 
and  his  said  heirs  by  the  hands  of  his  bailiSa  and  ministers  u>.ni  by  xn 
may  be  able  to  levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  ransoms,  J»  J^fJ^' 
and  amercements  of  the  men  and  tenants  aforesud,  for-  ^^™- 
feited  issues,  and  all  things  which  to  us  and  our  heirs  can 
pertun  of  year,  day,  and  waste,  forfeitures  and  murders,  erf* 


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nobis  et  hseredibus  noatriB,  rel  \a  cancellaria  nostra  et 
hseredum  noetrorum,  eeu  coram  tbesaurario  et  baronibus 
nostris  et  bseredum  nostrorum  de  ecaccario,  eeu  coram 
justitiariis  nostrU  et  haeredum  Doetrorum  de  banco  aut 
juatidariis  ad  assisBB  capiendas  et  gaolas  deliberandas 
seu  juBtitiariis  ad  felonias  et  transgresnones  audieDdas  et 
tennmandaa  assi^atis,  vel  coram  aliis  juaUtiaiiia  seu  mi- 
nUtrie  Dostris  et  bseredum  noBtrorum  quibuscumque  fieri 
et  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractaa  scaccarii  noatri  et 
beeredum  noetrorum  ballivis  et  ministria  dicti  fiUi  nostri 
et  dictonim  beeredum  auorum  per  manus  vicecomitum  in 
quorum  baHiris  castra  houorea  maneria  huodreda  villn 
term  tenementa  et  alia  loca  prcedicta,  ut  eat  dictum,  per 
HOB  data,  ac  eorum  feoda  esiatunt,  inde  liberandas,  levare 
percipere  et  habere '  poaont, — sine  occanone  toI  impedi- 
mento  nostri  yel  beeredum  noatrorum  aut  ballivorum  seu  mi- 
niatrorum  noetrorum  quorumcumque.  Et  quod  idem  filius 
Boster  te  dicti  heeredefl  Bui  habeaut  in  castrig  honoribus 
maneriia  bundredis  villia  terns  teuementie  et  aliu  lods 
prtedictis  per  nos  aic  datis,  ac  eorum  feodia,  cataHa  felonum 
et  fugitivorum;  ita  quod  si  quie  hominum  vel  tenentium 
auorum  aut  alii  in  lods  prsedictis  vel  eorum  feodia  pro 
delicto  auo  vitam  vel  membrum  debeant  amittere  vel 
fugerint  et  judlcio  stare  noluerint,  vel  aliquod  delictum 
fecerint  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeant  perdere  (ubicumque 
justiUa  de  eis  fieri  debeat  eive  in  curia  noetra  vel 
baeredum  noetrorum  aive  in  aliis  curiis)  ipaa  catalla 
eint  praefati  filii  uoetri  et  dictonim  beeredum  auorum,  et 
liceat  eis  sea  miniatris  suia  sine  occasioue  vel  impedi- 
mento  nostri  vel  baeredum  noetrorum  vicecomitum  et  alio- 
rum  ballivorum  eeu  miniatrorum  uoBtrorum  vel  beeredum 
nostrorum  quorumcumque  ponere  se  in  seisinam  de  catallis 
praedictie  et  ea  ad  uaum  dicU  filii  noatri  et  beeredum  euo- 


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and  ID  the  casUeB,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  laod^ 
tenuDfints,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  pyea,  and  in 
their  fees, — such  as  shall  happen  to  be  made  and  adjudged 
before  the  aforesaid  juBtices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas 
and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  before  the  stud  steward  and 
marshal,  coroner  or  clerk,  by  estreats  of  the  same  jus- 
tices in  ejrre  in  their  drcuits,  and  of  steward  and  marshal 
and  coroner  and  clerk  in  their  sessions,  to  be  delivered 
thereof  to  the  same  bailifis  and  ministers, — and  also  such 
the  fines,  ransoms,  and  amercements  of  the  aforesaid  men 
and  tenants,  and  forfeited  issues,  and  all  things  which  to 
us  and  our  heirs  can  pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  for- 
feitures and  murders,  of  and  in  the  castles,  honors, 
manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other 
places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given,  and  in  their  fees,  aa  shall 
happen  to  be  made  and  adjudged  before  us  and  our  heirs^ 
or  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  before  the  tre&- 
Burer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  beirs, 
or  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  common 
bench,  or  our  justjces  assigned  to  take  the  assizes  and  to 
deliver  our  gaols,  or  the  justices  assigned  to  hear  and  deter- 
mine felonies  and  trespasses,  or  before  other  the  justices 
or  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  by  estreats  of 
the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs,  to  be  delivered  thereof 
to  the  bulifls  and  ministers  of  our  said  son  and  hie 
said  heirs  by  the  hands  of  the  sberiffi  in  whose  bailiwicks 
the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  tene- 
ments, and  other  places  aforesaid  given  by  us  as  afore- 
said, and  tJieir  foes,  do  lie;  without  let  or  hinderance  of 
us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  bailiSs  or  ministers  whomsoever. 
And  that  our  same  sou  and  his  said  beirs  may  have  in  ^^^*  °' 
the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  te- 
nements, and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given,  and 


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eo 

rum  rednere.  Concessimus  etiaiii  pnefato  fiUo  Dostro  pro 
nobis  et  bseredibua  oostris  quod  ipee  et  dicti  heBredes 
Bui  habeant  in  castrts  honoribus  inaiierii§  hundredis  Tillis 
terris  tesementis  et  «liis  locis  prsedictis  dicto  fiUo  nostro 
sic  datis,  ac  eorum  feodia,  retonia  omiiiuin  brenum  noB- 
tronim  et  beeredum  nostrorum  ac  sutnnioiiitionuiii  extrac- 
tarum  et  preeceptorum  de  scaccario  prsedicto  Decnon  prse- 
ceptanim  et  e&tTactarum  justitiarionim  nostrorum  et  bee- 
redum nostrorum  itinerantium  tam  ad  pladta  foreatie 
qusm  ad  communia  placita,  et  alionim  justitiarionim 
quorumcumque,  et  ezecutionee  eorumdem  brevium,  sum- 
monitionum,  extractarum  et  pneceptorum  per  balUvos  et 
ministros  suob  faciendas.  Ita  quod  nullus  vicecomes  bal- 
livus  aut  minister  noeter  toI  hseredum  noetrorum  caetra 
honores  maneria  villas  terras  tenementa  et  alia  Iocs 
priedicta,  ut  pnemittitur,  per  nos  data,  vel  eorum  feoda, 
ad  o£Scia  aliqua  seu  alia  officia  sua  tangentia  fadenda 
iDgrediatur,  niu  in  defectum  ipeius  filii  nostri  aut  dic- 
torum  hffiredum  vet  balliTonim  seu  ministrorum  Buonim. 
Volumus  insuper  et  coucedimus  pro  nobis  et  hnredibus 
nostris  quod  Bi  vicecomites  vel  ballivi  libertatum  bun- 
dredorum  seu  wapentacbiorum  in  aliquibus  executiouibus 
pro  eodem  filio  nostro  aut  dictis  faaeredibus  euis  per  brevia 
sive  mandata  nostra,  vel  heeredum  nostrorum,  aut  quovis 
alio  modo  faciendis  negligentes  fuerintvel  remissi  per  quod 
ipsos  in  Bcaccario  nostro  seu  atiis  curiis  nostris  contigerit: 
amerciari  vel  fines  facere^  quod  fines  et  amerciamenta  ilia 
sint  dicti  fiUi  nostri  et  dictorum  bseredum  suorum,  et  ad 
eorum  opus  leventur.  Htis  testibus,  venerabilibus  patribus 
Simone  Archiepiscopo  Cantuarienai  totius  Anglise  Primate, 
Adam  Menevenei  Cancellario,  Henrico  Wigomensi  Tlie- 
saurario,  nostris,  Episcopia,  Eklmundo  Comite  Cantabrigiffl, 
Thoma  de  Wodeetok  Const^ulario  Anglite,  filiis  nostris 


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in  their  fees,  the  chattels  of  fslons  and  fugidvest  bo  that 
if  any  of  their  men  or  tenants  or  others  in  the  piacea 
aforesaid,  or  in  their  fees,  for  their  delinquency  ought 
to  lose  life  or  limb,  or  shall  flee  and  not  be  willing  to 
stand  their  tnal,  or  shall  commit  any  offence  for  the  which 
they  ought  to  lose  their  chattels,  (wberesoover  justice  shall 
be  had  of  them,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or 
whether  in  other  courts,)  such  chattels  shall  belong  to 
our  aforesaid  son  and  his  sud  heirs,  and  that  it  shall  be 
lawful  for  them  or  their  mimsters  to  put  themselves  in 
seizin  <^  the  chattels  aforesaid,  and  retain  them  to  the 
behoof  of  our  sud  son  and  his  heirs,  without  let  or  hin- 
derance  of  us  or  our  h^rs,  our  sheriffs  and  other  hailiflb 
or  ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs  whomsoever.  We  hare  also  emdtd 
granted  to  our  aforesaid  son,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  "^u 
he  and  bis  said  heirs  may  have  in  the  castles,  bonors,  <^<)>*«i 
manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other 
places  aforesaid  so  given  to  our  said  son,  and  in  their 
fees,  the  return  of  all  writs  of  os  and  our  heirs,  and  of 
summons,  estreats,  and  precepts  of  the  exchequer  afore- 
said, and  also  of  the  precepts  and  estreats  of  the  justices 
of  us  and  our  heirs  in  eyre  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the 
forest  as  common  pleas,  and  of  other  justices  whomso- 
ever, and  the  execution  of  the  same  write,  summons,  e». 
treats,  and  precepts,  to  be  made  by  their  bailiffs  and  mi- 
nisters. So  that  no  sheri^  bailiff,  or  other  minister  of 
us  or  our  heirs  shall  enter  the  castles,  honors,  manors, 
towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us 
given  as  is  premised,  or  their  fees,  to  perform  any  offices,  or 
other  things  touching  their  offices,  unless  in  default  of  our 
same  son  or  bis  8«d  heirs,  or  of  their  bailiffs  or  ministers,  ^^. 
And  furthermore  we  will  and  grant,  for  us  and  our  said  ^Svb 
heirs,  that  if  the  sheriffs  or  biuli£&  of  liberties,  hundreds,  or 


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61 

cariasiniis,  Henrico  de  Percy  Marescallo  Anglis,  Jobanue 
de  Ipre  Senescallo  hospitii  nostri,  Nicholao  Carreu  Custode 
privsti  »gilU  noBtri,  et  aliis.  Data  per  manum  nostram 
apud  Shene  quarto  die  Junii,  anno  regni  aostri  Angliss 
quinquagesimo  primo,  regDi  vero  nostri  Frandse  tricesimo 
octavo. 

£?©  ^  autem  tarn  dictam  cartam  indentatam  quam  die- 
tan  aliain  cartamt  ae  omnea  donatioDes  concessionee  et 
omnia  alia  in  eiedem  cartie  conteota  pro  nobis  et  bceredi- 
bu8  nostris,  tenore  prtesentium,  ratificamus  et  confirmamus, 
juxta  tenorem  et  eSectum  cartarum  supradictarum.  In 
cujuB  Tei  testimoDtuni  baa  literas  Dostraa  fieri  fecimus  pa- 
tentes.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Westmonasterium,  quintode- 
cimo  die  Septembris,  anno  regni  nostri  primo. 

Faeynoton. 
Per  breve  de  privato  sipllo. 


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ei 

wapentakes  be  negligeot  or  remiss  in  making  any  execu- 
tions for  our  same  son  or  bis  sud  beirs,  by  writs  or  man- 
dates of  us  or  our  beirS)  or  in  any  otber  wise,  whereby  it 
shall  happen  that  tbey  be  amerced  or  make  fines  in  our 
exchequer  or  in  otber  our  courts,  aucb  fines  and  amerce- 
ments shall  belong  to  our  said  son  and  his  said  heirs, 
and  may  be  levied  to  their  behoo£  These  being  wit- 
neseest  the  venerable  fathers,  Simon  Archbishop  of  Can- 
terbury, Primate  of  all  England ;  Adam  Bishop  of  Sb 
David's,  our  Chancellor  j  Henry  Bishop  of  Worcester, 
our  Treasurer ;  Edmund  Earl  of  Cambridge,  and  Thomas 
of  Woodstock,  Constable  of  England,  our  most  dear  sons ; 
Henry  de  Venj,  Marshal  of  England;  John  de  Ipre^ 
Steward  of  our  household;  Nidiolas  Carreu,  Keeper  of 
our  privy  seal,  and  others.  Given  under  our  hand  at 
Sheen,  on  the  fourth  day  of  June,  in  the  fifty-first 
year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and  the  thirty-eighth  of 
our  reign  of  France. 

J^S?IQ)  *^  ^  "^11  ^s  8^  charter  indented  as  the  said 
otber  charter,  and  all  the  donations,  grants,  and  all  other 
things  in  the  same  charters  contained,  for  us  and  our  heirs 
by  the  tenor  of  these  prraents  do  ratify  and  confirm  accord- 
ing to  the  tenor  and  effect  of  the  charters  abovesaid.  In 
witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our  letters  to  be 
made  patent  Witness  ourself  at  Westminster,  on  the 
fifteenth  day  of  September,  in  the  first  year  of  our  reign. 
Faryhotom. 
By  writ  of  privy  seaL 


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Pro  Johanke  Reoe  Castellx  et  Leoionis  Duce 
Lancastrian. 
ICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglite  et  Franinse 
et  DominuB  Hilwrnise  omnibus  «d  quoB  pra- 
Beates  literee  pervenerint  salutem.  SciaUa  quod 
.cum  dominus  Edwardus  nuper  Rez  Angliaa, 
avus  naater,  per  literas  subs  patentes,  qiias  per  literas  nos- 
tras confirmarimus,  ia  pleno  parliameoto  suo  concesBisBet 
carissimo  aTunculo  nostro  Johanni  Regi  Caetellse  et  Le- 
gionie  Duci  Lancastiiae  quod  ipse  ad  totam  vitam  Buam 
habeat  infra  comitatum  LancaatriK  cancellariam  suam,  ao 
brevia  sua  sub  sigillo  euo  pro  officio  cancellarise  deputando 
consignanda,  justitiarios  buob  tarn  ad  placita  coronse  quam 
ad  qusecumque  alia  pladta  communem  legem  tangestia  te- 
nenda,  ac  cognittonea  eorundem,  [etj  qnascumque  execu- 
Uones  per  brevia  sua  et  ministros  suos  ibidem  fadendas» 
et  quaecumque  alia  libertates  et  jura  regalia  ad  Comitem 
Palatinum  pertinentia,  adeo  integre  et  libere  «cut  Comes 
Cestriee  infra  eundem  comitatum  Cestriaa  dinoscitur  obti- 
nere,  prout  in  Uteris  patentibus  ipuus  ari  noatri  et  con- 
firmatione  nostra  priedicta  plenius  continetur.  Ac  jam 
prsefatUB  avunculus  noeter  per  petitionem  suam  coram  nobis 
et  concilio  nostro  in  prtesenti  parliamento  nostro  exbibitam 
nobis  Bupplicaverit  ut  cum  ipse  virtute  dictorum  Terboruni 
generaltum  in  dictis  Uteris  ipsius  avi  nostri  contentorum 
communi  intellectu  rationabiliter  clamare  posset  exercere 
et  habere  omnimoda  jurisdictiones  proficua  et  commodi- 
tates  quse  ad  nos   in   dicto   comitatu   Lancastriae   perti- 


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XIII. 
For  John  Kino  of  Castille  and  Leon,  Duke  of 
Lancaster.* 
wlICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  Eng-  imh  m». 
I  land  and  France  and  E^rd  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  *■'•  ■*'*- 
J  whom  the  present  letters  shall  com^  greeting. 
]  Know  ye,  that  whereas  the  Lord  Edward,  late  "«((^  <•* 
King  of  England,  our  grandfather,  by  his   letters   patent  ^"^r  p*i^ 
(which  by  our  letters  we   confirmed),  in  his  full  parlia- 
ment did  grant   to   our  most  dear  uncle  John   King  of 
Castille  and  Leon,   Duke  of  Lancaster,  that  he  for   the 
whole  of  his  life  should  have  within  the  county  of  Lan- 
caster his   chsnrory,   and  hie   writs  to  be  sealed  under 
his  seal  to  be  deputed  for  the  office  of  the  chancery,  his 
justices  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the  crown  as  all  other 
pleas  whatsoever  touching  the  common  law  and  the  cog- 
nisance thereof  and  all  manner  of  execution  to  be  made 
by  his  writs  and  his  mtoistere  there,  and  all  other  liberties 
andyrcra  regatia  pertuning  to  a  Count  Palatine,  as  freely 
and  entirely  as  the  Earl  of  Chester  is  well  known  to  obtain 
within   the    same  oounty   of  Oieeter,   as   in    the  letters 
patent  of  our  same  grandfather  and  in  our  confirmation 
aforesaid  more  fully  is  contained.    And  now  our  afore-  udttut 
sud  unclei   by  his  petition  exhibited   before  us   and  our  pctittonid 
council    in   our   present  parliament,   bath    besought    us,  ^^^ 
tbat,  whereas  by  virtue   of  the  said   general  words  con-  ^^^ 
tuned  in  the   sud   letters   of  our  same  gruidfather   he  ^h. 
might  by  the  common   understantting  thereof  reasonably 

*  The  original  Charter  does  not  now  exist  in  the  uchiTes  of  the 
Dnchj  of  Ltuicaater. 


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68 

nere  deberent,  ipseque  praetextu  dictoram  verbonim  ge- 
neralium  scaccarium  suum  in  eodem  comitatu  Lancas- 
trise  et  omnia  ad  bujusmodi  Bcaccarium  pertinentia,  sc 
jurisdicdonein  et  poteatatem  faciendi  et  constituendi  jus- 
tjliarios  8U0B  itinerastea  ad  pUcita  foreeta  et  alios  juB- 
titiarioe  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  assisam  foresteB  tan- 
gentia  iafra  dictum  comitatum  Lancastrue,  a  tempore 
concessionis  prsedicti  avi  noatri  tenuerit  exercuerit  et 
habuerit,  velimuB  dicta  verba  generalia,  propter  obecuri- 
tatem  iotellectus  eorumdem,  et  pro  majori  securitate  prse- 
fati  avunculi  nostri  in  hac  parte,  declarare,  et  praenuBsa, 
per  ipaum  virtute  dictorum  verborum  geoeralium  ut  prse- 
tnittitur  usitata,  per  verba  speinalia  et  expressa  sibi  con- 
cedere  gratiose:  Noa  ad  supplicationem  ipstus  avimculi 
noetri,  et  ut  ambiguitatea  amputeotur  in  bac  parte,  de 
aaaenau  praelatorum  ducum  comitum  baronum  et  commu- 
nitatia  regni  noetri  Angliae  in  prseaenli  parliamento  nostra 
existentium,  declaramua  eundem  avunculum  nostrum  om- 
nibus et  aingulia  pTiemissis,  per  ipsum  prstextu  dictorum 
verborum  geoeralium  ut  pnemittitur  u^tatis,  virtute  eorum- 
dem verborum  generalium  uti  poaae  et  debere ;  et  ulterius 
de  gratia  nostra  apedali  tenot«  pnesentium  expresse  con- 
cedimua,  pro  nobis  et  baeredibus  noatris,  eidem  avunculo 
nostro,  quod  ipse  bujusmodi  scaccarium  suum  in  dicto 
comitatu  Lancastriie,  ac  baroues  et  alios  ministroa  in 
eodem  scaccario  necessaries,  necnon  juriadictiones  execu- 
tiones  et  consuetudines  quascumque  in  scaccario  nostro 
Angliffi  rationabiliter  uaitatas  habeat  in  eodem  acaccario 
suo  et  eia  ibidem  plene  gaudeat  et  rationabiliter  utatur ;  et 
quod  ipse  babeat  jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  feciendi  et 
constituendi  justitiarioa  auos  it^nerantes  ad  placita  forestae 
et  alios  juatidarios  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  assisam  fo- 
rest»  tangentia  inira  dictum  comitatum  Laocastrife  tenenda 


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claim  to  have  and  exercise  all  manner  ot  jurisdictioDS, 
profits,  and  commodities  which  ought  to  pertain  to  ub 
in  the  said  county  of  Lancaster,  and  that  by  pretext  of 
the  said  general  words  be  had  bad,  exercised,  and  held 
from  the  time  of  the  grant  of  our  aforeaud  grandfather  his 
exchequer  in  tlie  same  county  of  Lancaster  and  all  things 
to  such  exchequer  pertuning,  and  the  jurisdiction  and 
power  of  making  and  appointing  hie  justices  in  eyre  for 
pleas  of  the  forest,  and  other  justices  for  all  manner  of 
other  pleaa  touching  the  assize  of  the  forest  within  the 
B^d  county  of  Lancaster,  we  would  he  pleased  graciously 
to  declare  the  said  general  words,  on  account  of  the  ob- 
scurity of  their  meaning  and  for  the  greater  security 
of  our  aforesaid  uncle  in  this  behalf  and  to  grant  to 
him  by  special  and  express  words  the  premises  by  him 
used  hy  virtue  of  the  said  general  words  as  is  premised: 
We,  at  the  supplication  of  our  same  uncle»  and  to  cut  onnifB 
off  all  ambiguity  in  this  behalf,  witii  tlie  assent  of  the  ciwiun  m 
prelates,  dukes,  eorls^  barons,  and  the  commons  of  our  Pduina. 
realm  of  England  in  our  present  parliament  assembled, 
do  declare  that  our  same  uncle  by  virtue  of  the  said 
general  words  can  and  ought  to  use  all  and  every  the 
premises  by  him  used  hy  pretext  of  (he  same  general 
words  as  is  premised ;  and  furthermore,  of  our  especial 
grace,  by  the  tenor  of  these  presents  we  do  expressly 
grant,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  our  same  uncle,  that  he 
may  have  such  his  exchequer  in  the  said  county  of  Lan- 
caster, and  barons  and  other  ministers  necessary  in  the 
same  exchequer,  and  also  all  jurisdictions,  executions, 
and  customs  whatsoever,  which  are  reasonably  used  in  our 
exchequer  of  England,  in  the  same  his  exchequer,  and 
may  fully  and  reasonably  use  and  enjoy  them  there ;  and 
that  he  may  have  the  jurisdiction  and  power  of  making 


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durante  vita  ipsius  avunculL  ncetri  supradicta  (pladtis  tamea 
et  querelia  ac  aliis  quibuscumque,  ubi  nos  vel  heredea 
aostri  in  dicto  acaccario  vel  coram  prsfatis  joatidaiiia 
partes  fuerimus  Tel  fieri  contingat,  in  fatunim  emergen- 
tibuB  semper  salvia) ;  volumus  etiam  quod  omnia  verba 
generalia  in  conceBBioae  ejusdem  avi  noatri  prssdicta  con- 
tenta  in  guo  robore  permaneaDt  tota  vita  avuDculi  noBtri 
aupradicti,  dedaratione  et  oonceBsione  per  prseseutes  factis 
non  obatantibuB.  In  cujus  rei  teBtimonium  has  literaa 
nostraa  fieri  fecimua  patentes.  Teate  me  ipso  apud  Glou- 
ceetriam  decimo  die  Novembris,  anno  regni  nostri  secundo. 
Per  petidonem  ipstus  Regis  Castellse  de  Farliamento. 


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and  appointing  his  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  pleas  of  the  «id  ippsint- 
forest^  and   other  jueUces   to  bold   all   manner  of  other  ti^ofttir 
pleas   touching  the  assize  of  the  forest,   within   the   said 
county  of  Lancaster,  during  the  abovesaid  life  of  our  game 
uncle   (saving   always   nevertheless  all   manner  of  other  ^^^^ 
pleas  and  plunts  in  future  arising  in  the  said  exchequer,  ^^" 
or  before  the  aforesaid  justices,  where   we  or  our  heirs 
ahall  be,  or  shall  happen  to  be  made,  parties) ;  also  we 
will  that  all  the   general   words  contained  in   the    afore- 
s^d  grant  of  our  same  grandfather  shall  remain  in  force 
during   the  whole  life  of  our   abovesaid   uncle,   notwith- 
standing the  declaration  and   grant   made  by  these  pre- 
senta       In  witness   whereof  we   hare  caused   these   our 
letters   to  be  made   patent.      Witness   ourself    at  Glou- 
cester,  on   the   tenth    day   of  November,  in   the   second 
year  of  our  reign. 
By  petition  of  the  same  King  of  Castille  in  parliament 


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Pro  Suce  Lancastrix. 

w'.ICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angli»  et  Francise 
et  Dominus  Hiberniee  arcbiepiscopis,  episcopis, 
abbatibus,  prioribue,  ducibus,  comitibus,  ba- 
I  ronibuB,  justitiariig^  vicecomitibus,  prsBpositu, 
ministriB,  et  omnibua  ballivis  et  fidelibus  suIb,  salutem. 
SciaUs  quod  cum  domiuus  EdwarduB  super  Rex  Anglise, 
aviiB  noster,  per  cartam  auam  dedis&et  et  coDoessisset  cari^ 
simo  aruDCulo  nostro,  filio  buo,  Johanni  Duci  Lancastrian 
tunc  Comiti  Lancastrise,  nomen  et  honorem  Ducis  et  ipsum 
in  Ducem  Lancaetrise  prfefeciBBet,  ac  de  eisdem  nomine  et 
bonore  per  cincturam  gladti  et  appositionem  cappae  euo 
capiti  investivisset^  babenda  eadem  nomen  et  bonorem  Ducis 
Laucastrise,  sibi  et  hseredibus  suis  maBculia  de  corpore  buo 
legitime  procreatiB  imperpetuum ;  BubBequenterque  idem 
ams  Doater  per  Hteras  bubb  patentee  coucessisset  pro  se  et 
hseredibuB  euis  pr^fato  avunculo  nostro  quod  ipse  ad  totam 
vitam  suam  baberet  infra  comitatum  Lancaetris  cancel- 
lariam  suam,  ac  brevia  Bua  sub  si^tlo  buo  pro  officio  can- 
cellariae  deputando  consignanda,  justitiarios  buos  tarn  ad 
placita  corona;  quam  ad  qusecumque  alia  ptacita  commu- 
nem  legem  taogentia,  tenenda,  ac  «^itiones  eonmdem, 
et  quascumque  execuUones  per  brevia  Bua  et  ministros  suos 
ibidem  fadendas,  et  quaecumque  alia  libertatea  et  jura  re- 
galia ad  Comitem  PalatJDum  pertinentia,  adeo  libere  et  in- 
tegre  sicut  Comes  Cestrise  ixtfta.  eundem  comitatum  Cestrise 
dinoecitur  obtioere  (decimis  quintisdecimis  et  oliis  quotis  et 
subsidiia,  eidem  avo  nostro  et  baeredibus  suis  per  communi- 


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XIV. 
For  the  Duke  of  Lancaster.* 

ijlCHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  Kiog  of  Eng-  '«*^r'\ 
land  and  France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  hie  '"'  '**"■ 
j  archbishops,    bishopB,    abbots,    priors,     dukea, 
J  earls,  barons,  justices,  Bberi&,   reeves,   minis- 
ters,  and  all  bis   bailifls   and   faithful   people,   greeting. 
Know  je,  that  whereas  the  Lord  Edward,   late  King  of  tudndot 
England,  our  grandfather,  did   by  his   charter   give   and  ^'"■^'j'- 
grant  to  his  son,  our  most  dear  uncle,  John  Duke  of  ^^^ 
Lancaster,  at  that  time  Earl  of  Lancaster,  Uie  name  and  *"**■**'> 
honor  of  Duke,  and  did  make  him  Duke  of  Lancaster, 
and  inTest  him  with  the  same  name  and  honor  by  girtt 
ing  of  the  sword  and  setting  upon  his  head  the  cap,  to 
have  the  same  name  and  honor  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  to 
him  and  bis  heirs  male  of  bie  body  lawfully  begotten  for 
ever;  and  subsequently  our  same  grandfather  did  by  his  udatt.ii 
letters  patent  grant  for  himself  and  his  heirs  to  our  afore-  J^jJJj*'» 
stud  uncle,  that  he  for  the  whole  of  bis  Ufe  should  have  ^^^£!7u 
within  the  county  of  Lancaster  bis  chaccery,  and  his  writs  Pdnhia  ib 
to  be  sealed  under  his  seal  to  be  deputed  for  the  office  of  of  tloouur. 
the  chancery,   his  justices   to  bold   as   well  pleas  of  the 
crown  as  all  other  pleas  whatsoever  touching  the  common 
law,  and  the  cognizance  thereof  and  all  manner  of  execu- 
tion to  be  made  by  his  writs  and  bis  ministers  there,  and 
all  other  liberties  and  jura  r^aUa  pertiuning  to  a  Count 
Palatine,  as  freely  and  entirely  as  tbe  Earl  of  Chester  is 

•  The  original  Chttrter  does  not  now  exist  id  the  archivi»  of  the 
Dachy  of  Lancaster. 


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tatem  regiii  Bui,  et  decimis  et  aliis  quotis  per  clerum  ejue- 
dem  regni  tunc  concesais  et  extUDC  concedendis,  aut  eidem 
clero  per  sedem  apostolicam  impositis  et  imponendiB,  ac 
pardooationibus  vitse  et  membrorum,  in  caau  quo  aliquis 
ejuedem  comitatus,  aut  alius  in  eodem  comitatu,  pro  aliquo 
delicto  vitam  vol  membrum  amittere  deberet,  ac  etdain  su- 
perioritate  et  potestate  corrigendi  ea  qus  in  curia  ejuBdem 
avunculi  nostri  ibidem  erronice  facta  fueriut,  vel  [^3  idem 
avunculus  noBter  aut  ministri  sui  in  juetitia  in  curia  sua 
bcienda  defecerint,  semper  salvia) :  Et  quod  idem  avun- 
culus noster  ad  mandata  ejusdem  avi  noBtri  et  hseredum 
BUOTura  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  sua  duos  milites  pro 
communitate  comitatus  prsedicti  et  duos  burgenses  de 
quoltbet  burgo  ejusdem  comitatus  ad  tractandum,  cum 
aliia  dicti  regni  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  venientibus,  de 
negotiis  dicti  regni  in  eisdem  parliamenUe  et  *alUs  expo- 
nendiB,  mittere  teneretur :  et  quod  idem  avunculus  noster 
certos  homines  fideles  et  suflScientes  ad  hujuemodi  decimas 
et  quintaadecimaa  subsidia  et  alia  quota,  quo^ens  ea  eidem 
avo  nostro  seu  hteredibus  suia  in  parliamentb  seu  con- 
ciliia  concedi  contingeret,  assignaret ;  ita  quod  eidem  avo 
nostro  de  sic  concessia  reaponderetur  per  eosdem.  Ac 
ni»  nuper  ad  prosecuUonem  ipaius  avunculi  noatri  per  peti- 
donem  suam  nobis  in  parliamento  nostro  apud  Gloucestriam 
tento  exhibitam,  auggerentia  ipsum  preeteztu  <Uctorum  ver- 
bonim  generaliuro  scaccarium  suum  in  eodem  comitatu 
Lancaetriae  et  omnia  ad  hujusmodi  scaccarium  pertinentia* 
ac  jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  EEUuendi  et  constituendi  jus- 
tiUarios  Buos  itinerantee  ad  placita  forest»  et  alioa  justitta- 
rios  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  aaaiBam  forestse  tangentia 
infra  dictum  comitatum  Lancastrue  a  tempore  concessionis 
dicti  avi  nostri  tenuisse  exercuisse  et  habuisse,  de  assensu 
•  Sir;  pro  "  conciliiB." 


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well  kflowD  to  obtain  within  the  same  county  of  Chester; 
earing  always  the  tenths,  fifteenths,  and  other  contribu- 
tions and  Bubsidies  then  granted  and  thereafter  to  be 
granted  to  our  game  grandfather  and  his  heirs  by  the 
commonalty  of  his  realni,  and  the  tenths  and  other  con- 
tributions then  granted  and  thereafter  to  be  granted  by 
the  clergy  of  the  same  realm,  or  imposed  and  to  be  im- 
posed upon  the  same  clergy  by  the  apostolic  see;  and 
the  pardon  of  life  and  limbs  in  case  that  any  person  of 
the  same  county,  or  other  person  in  the  same  coun^,  ought 
for  any  delict  to  lose  his  life  or  limb;  and  also  the  su- 
periority and  power  of  correcting  those  things  which  shall 
have  been  erroneously  done  there  in  the  court  of  our 
same  uncle,  or  if  our  same  uncle  or  his  ministers  should 
have  failed  in  doing  justJce  in  his  court  And  that  our 
same  uncle,  at  the  mandate  of  the  same  our  grandfather 
and  his  heirs,  should  be  held  to  send  to  bis  parliaments 
and  coundls  two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  ebire 
aforesaid,  and  two  burgesses  from  every  borough  of  the 
same  shire,  to  treat  with  the  others  of  the  said  realm 
coming  to  the  parliaments  and  coundls  concerning  the 
affairs  of  the  said  realm  in  the  same  parliaments  and 
councils  to  he  declared :  and  that  our  same  uncle  should 
assign  certain  trusty  and  suflScient  men  for  the  like  tenths 
and  Bfteentba,  subsidies  and  other  contributions,  so  often 
as  they  should  happen  to  be  granted  to  our  same  grand- 
father or  his  heirs  in  parliament  or  council ;  so  that  our 
same  grandfather  might  by  them  be  answered  in  respect 
of  such  grants.  And  we  lately,  at  the  prosecution  of  our 
same  uncle  by  hie  petiUon  to  us  exhibited  in  our  parlia- 
ment holden  at  Gloucester,  (suggesting  that  by  pretext  of  the 
said  general  words  he  had  had,  exercised,  and  held  from  the 
time  of  the  grant  of  our  said  grandfather  his  exchequer  in 


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prseUtorum  ducum  cotnitum  baronum  et  communitatis  regni 
nostri  Anglise  in  eodem  parliamento  exiatentium,  per  literas 
nostras  patentee  declaraverimue  eaodem  avuaculum  nostrum 
omnibus  et  singulis  praemissis,  per  ipsum  preetextu  dictorom 
verborum  generalium  ut  prsemittitur  ueitatis,  virtute  eorum- 
dem  Terborum  generalium  uti  posse  et  debere ;  et  ulterius 
de  gratia  nostra  speciali  concesseriiDus,  pro  nobis  et  hsere- 
dibuB  nostris,  eidem  avunculo  noetro,  quod  ipse  scaccarium 
suutn  in  dicto  comitatu  Lancastrise,  et  barones  et  alios 
ministros  in  eodem  scaccario  necessarios,  necnon  jurisdits 
tiones  executiones  et  consuetudines  quascumque  in  scac- 
cario Qostro  Anglise  rationabiliter  usitatas  habeat  in  eodem 
scaccario  suo  et  eis  ibidem  plane  gaudeat  et  rationabiliter 
utatur:  et  quod  babeat  jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  fa- 
dendi  et  constituendi  juatitiarios  suos  itinerantes  ad  plarata 
forestse  et  alios  justitiarioe  ad  quiecumque  alia  pladta  asd- 
sam  forestse  tangentia  'intra  dictum  comitatum  LancaatrisB 
tenenda  durante  vita  ipsius  avunculi  nostri  (placitia  tamen 
et  querelis  aliis  quibuacumque,  ubi  nos  vel  bseredes  nostri  in 
dicto  scaccario  vel  coram  preefatis  justitiariie  partes  fuerimua 
vel  fieri  contingat,  emergeotibue  semper  salvia) ;  et  volueri- 
mus,  quod  omnia  verba  generalia  in  concessione  ejusdera  avi 
nostri  praedicta  contenta  in  suo  robore  permaneaot  durante 
vita  avunculi  nostri  supradicti,  declaratJone  et  concessione 
priedicds  non  obstantibus,  prout  in  carta  et  Uteris  preedictis 
pleniuB  continetur.  Jam  que  praefatus  avunculus  noster 
nobis  supplicaverit,  ut  Ubertates  francbesias  privilegia  jura 
regalia  supradicta,  et  omnia  alia  et  singula  sibi  superius 
coDcessa,  sibi  et  bteredibus  suis  masculis  de  corpore  suo 
exeuntibus  concedere  dignemur,  habenda  eodem  modo  sicut 
ea  jam  habet,  una  cum  dicto  nomine  Ducis  Lancastri» 
perpetuis  temporibus  euccessivis.  Nos  probitatcm  stre- 
nuam  et  sapientiam  excel lentissimam  preefalj  avunculi  nos- 


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67 

the  same  county  of  Lancaster,  and  all  things  to  such  ex- 
chequer  pertaining,   and    the  jurisdiction   and   power   of 
making  and  appointing  his  justices  in   eyre   for   pleas  of 
the  forest,  and  other  justices  for  all  manner  of  other  pleas 
touching  the  assize  of  the  forest  within  the  said  county  of 
Lancaster,)  wiU)  the  assent  of  the  prelates,  dukes,  earls,  j^^'^'- 
barons,  and  the  commons  of  our  realm  of  England  in  the  ^^^f||^ 
same   parliament    assembled,   by  our  letters    patent  did  SS'rft'taT 
declare  that  our  same  uncle  should  and   might  be  able,  "*"'""*■ 
by  virtue  of  the  said  general  words,  to  use  all  and  every 
the  premises  by  him  used  by  pretext  of  the  ssme  general 
words  as  is  premised ;  and  further,  of  our  especial  grace  ma  duu 
we  did  grant,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  our   same   uncle,  hbciEbe- 
tfaat  he  might  have  his  exchequer  in  the  sud  county  of 
Lancaster,  and   barons  and  other   ministers  necessary  in 
the  same  exchequer,  aod  also  all  jurisdictions,  execuUoDS^ 
and  customs  whatsoever  in  die  same  his  exchequer  which 
are   reasonably  used   in   our   exchequer  of  England,   and 
might  fully  and   reasonably  use   and   enjoy  them   there; 
and   that  he  might   have   the  jurisdiction   and   power  of  inii  ipwiBi- 
making  and  appotntJDg  his  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  pleas  iicnofuia 
of  the  forest^  and  other  justices   to  bold   all  manner   of 
other  pleas  touching  the  assize  of  the  forest,  within  the 
said  county  of  Lancaster,  during  die  life  of  our  same 
uncle   (saving  always   nevertheless  all  manner   of  other 
pleas  and  plaints  arising  in  the  sud  exchequer,  or  before 
the  aforesaid  justices,  where  we  or  our  heirs  should  be, 
or  should  happen  to  he  made,  parties);  and  we  did  will  JnriuiiM 
that  all  the  general  words  contained  in  the  aforesaid  grant 
of  our  same  grandfather  should  remain  in  force  during  the 
life  of  our  abovesaid  uncle,  notwithstanding  the  declaration 
and  grant  aforesaid,  as  in  the  charter  and  letters  aforesaid 
more   fully  is   contained      And  now  our  aforesaid  uncle 


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68 
tri,  qui  ee  laboribus  et  expensis  ac  coDsUiis  contiDuis  nobis 
et  regno  nostro  obsequioaum  pariter  et  fructuosum  Bemper 
retrOBCtiB  temporibus  exhibuit  et  ezhibet  indefesae,  debita 
constderaUone  pensantes,  ac  Bperantes  indubie  bteredes  buob 
masGulos  de  corpore  auo  legitime  procreatos  vestigia  pro- 
genitorum  BUorum  qui  ex  tarn  nobilt  progenie  regali  procee- 
senint,  divina  mediante  dementia,  in  aapientia  Btrenuitate 
et  bonore  sequi  debere,  et  nobis  et  hceredibus  nostriB  ac 
regno  nostro  maxime  valere  et  locumtenere  posse  infutu- 
rum.  Et  volentes  praemiasorum  intuitu  aupplicationi  prse- 
dict^e  annuere  gratiose,  de  Bssenau  praoseDtiB  parliamenti 
nostri,  Into  corde  et  ex  certa  scientia  nostra  conceaaimus 
pro  nobb  et  hseredibufi  noBtriB,  preefato  avunculo  nostro 
quod  ipse  et  bferedea  aui  masculi  de  corpore  buo  legitime 
procreati  habeant  infra  comitatum  Lancastiiae  cancellariam 
Buam  ac  brevia  sua  sub  sigillo  buo  pro  officio  cancellari» 
deputando  "conBerranda,  juBtitJarioa  suob  tam  at}  placita 
coronse  quam  ad  queecumque  alia  placita  communem  legem 
tangentia  tenenda,  ac  cognitiones  eorundem,  et  quaacum- 
que  executiones  per  brevia  sua  et  ministros  suos  ibidem 
fociendas,  et  qucecumque  alia  libertates  et  jura  regalia  ad 
Comitem  Palatinum  pertinentia,  adeo  libere  et  integre  sicut 
Comes  Cestri«e  dinoscitur  obtinere.  Et  quod  habeant  scac- 
carium  suum  in  dicto  comitatu  Lancaetriae  ac  barones  et 
alios  ministros  in  eodem  scaccario  necessarios,  necnon 
juriadictiones  executiones  et  consuetudinee  quascumque  in 
Bcaccario  noetro  Anglise  rationabiliter  usitatas,  et  cis  ibidem 
plene  gaudeant  et  rationabiliter  utantur.  Et  quod  habeant 
jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  faciendi  et  constituendi  justi- 
tiarios  suos  itinerantes  ad  placita  forests  et  alios  justitia- 
rios  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  assisam  forestse  tangentia 
infra  dictum  comitatum  Lancastrise  tenenda  imperpetuum 
•  Sici  pi'o  "  conaignftDda." 


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hath  besought  us  that  we  would  deign  to  grant  the  above-  xha  Dub. 
said   liberties,  franchises,  privileges,  jura  regalia,  and  all  "tion"!  r«  ■ 
and  every  other  the  things  to  him  above  granted,  to  him  '°*'*> 
and  hie  heirs  male  of  his  body  iseuing,  to  have  in  the 
same  manner  as  he  now  hath  them,  together  with  the  said 
name  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  in  all  times   to  come.     We,  in  ™°^'f^ 
weighing  with  due  consideration  the  strenuous  probity  and  >■'(*■  """* 
most  excellent  wisdom  of  our  aforesud  uncle,  who  hath 
ever  shown  himself  in  times  past,  and  unweariedly  coo- 
tinues  to  prove,  very  ready  to  serve  us  and  our  realm,  and 
at  the  same  time  most  profitably,  with  his  continual  labour, 
charges,  and  counsel;   and  hoping  undoubtedly  that  his 
heirs  male  of  bis   body  lawfully  begotten  ought  through 
the  mediation  of  Divine  Mercy  to  follow  the  footsteps  of 
their  progenitors,  who  have  proceeded  from  so  noble  and 
royal  a  stock,  in  wisdom,  honor,  and   prowess,  and  tbat 
they  will  be  able,  in  times  to  come,  mightily  to  avail  and 
stand  ourselves  and  our  heirs  and  our  realm  in  good  stead, 
and  being  willing  in  regard  of  the  premises  graciously  to 
araent  to  the  aforesaid  petition,  with  the  assent  of  our  pre- 
sent parliament,  of  our  certain  knowledge,  and  with  cheer- 
ful heart,  do  grant  for  ua  and  our  heirs  to  our  afbresmd  iMuduw 
uncle,  that  he  and  his  heirs  male   of  bis  body  lawfully  ^^j^/  ,„ 
begotten  may  have  within  the  county  of  Lancaster   their  t^^^'°' 
chancery,  and  their  writs  to  be  sealed  under  their  seal  to  *^ 
be  deputed  for  the  office  of  the  chancery,  their  justices  to  J^™f^ 
hold  as  well  pless  of  the  crown  as  all  other  pleas  whatso- 
ever touching  the  common  law,  and  the  cognizance  thereof^ 
and  all  manner  of  execution  to  be  made  by  their  writs 
and  their  ministers  there,  and  all  other  liberties  and  jura  ■"^/^ 
reffolia  pertaining  to  a  Count  Palatine,  as  freely  and  entirely  ^j^**  "" 
as  the  Earl  of  Chester  is  well  known  to  obtain.     And  that  ''^'•'*" 
they  may  have  their  exchequer  in  the  said  county  of  Lfm-   HciKquet 


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69 

(placitis  tamen  et  querelia  quibuscumque,  ubi  nos  vel  haere- 
des  nostrt  in  dicto  BC&ccario  vel  coram  pTsefatis  juBtidariis 
partes  fuerimus  vel  fieri  contingat,  emergaatibuB,  ac  deci- 
mis  quiattBderimis  et  aliis  quotis  et  Bubflidiis  nobis  et  bere- 
dibuB  nostris  per  commuuitatein  regni  noBtri,  et  decimis  et 
«liiB  quotiB  per  derum  ejusdem  regDi  coDceaaB  et  eznunc 
coacedendiB,  aut  eidem  clero  per  aedem  apostoUcam  impo- 
sitis  et  imponendiB,  ac  pardoDationibus  vitfe  et  membrorum 
in  casu  quo  aliquis  ejuBdem  comitatus,  aut  alius  in  eodem 
comitatu,  pro  delicto  aliquo  vitam  vel  membrum  amittere 
debeat,  ac  etiam  superioritate  et  potestate  corrigendi  ea 
qus  in  curia  ejusdem  avunculi  noBtri  vel  dictonim  hseredum 
suorum  ibidem  erronice  facta  fuerint,  vel  [si]  idem  avunculus 
noBter  seu  dicti  bseredes  sui,  aut  eorum  ministri,  in  justitia 
in  curia  Bua  facienda  defecerint,  semper  Balvis).  Et  quod 
idem  avunculus  noBter  et  dicti  haeredes  eui,  ad  mandata 
nostra  et  haeredum  noBtrorum,  ad  parliamenta  et  condlia 
nostra  et  beeredum  ooBtrorum  duos  militea  pro  communi- 
tate  comitatus  prtedicli  et  duoa  burgenees  de  quoUbet 
burgo  ejusdem  comitatus  ad  tractandum  cum  aliis  dicti  regni 
noatri  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  venieotibus  de  negotiia 
dicti  regni  in  eisdem  parliamentisefaliiB  ezponendtsmittere 
teneantur.  Et  quod  idem  avunculus  noBter  et  bteredes  sui 
preedicti  certoB  homines  fideles  et  sufficientes  ad  bujusmodi 
decimas  et  quintasdecimas  subradia  et  alia  quota,  quotiens 
ea  nobis  aut  haeredibus  nostris,  in  parliamentis  seu  con- 
ciliiB  concedi  conUgerit,  assigneut ;  ita  quod  nobis  et  h«- 
redibus  oostriB  de  sic  conceBsis  reepondeatur  per  eosdem. 
Quare  volumus  et  finniter  prsetdpimus  quod  idem  avunculus 
nosier  et  bseredes  sui  prsedicti  faabeant  et  teneant  omnia 
et  singula  libertates  francheaias  privile^pa  Bcaccarium  jura 
regalia  et  alia  Bupradicta  una  cum  dictis  nomine  et  bonore 
*  Sic;  pro  "coneiliis." 


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caster,  and  barone  and  other  minigters   Dccessary  in  the  ■'«■^°" 
same  exchequer,  and  also  all  jurisdictionB,  executions,  and 
cuBtomB  whatsoever,  which  are  reasonably  used  in  our 
exchequer  of  England,  and  may  fully  and  reasonably  use 
and  enjoy  them  there ;  and  that  they  may  have  the  juri»-'  «d  widiii- 
diction  and  power  of  making  and  appointing  their  justices  {^{^^^ 
in  eyre  to  hold  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  other  justices  to 
hold  all  manner  of  other  pleas  touching  the  assize  of  the 
forest  within  the  siud  county  of  Lancaster  for  ever.     Saving  uonivbtn 
always,  nevertheless,  all  manner  of  other  pleas  and  plunts  pw- 
arising  in  the  said  exchequer,  or  before  the  aforesaid  ju»- 
tices,  where  we  or  our  heirs  shall  be,  or  shall  happen  to 
be  made,  parties;  and  saving  always  the  tenths,  fifteenths,  scitniot 
and  other  contributions  and  subsidies  granted  and  here-  ni«ntuT 
afler  to  be  granted  to  us  and  our  heirs  by  the  commonalty  '«•^ 
of  our  realm,  and  the  tenths  and  other  contributJonB  granted 
or  hereafter  to  be  granted  by  the  clergy  of  the  same  realm, 
or  imposed  and  to  be  imposed  upon  the  same  clergy  by  the 
apostolic  aee;  and  the  pardon  of  life  and  limbs  in  case  that  ^™"* 
any  person  of  the  same  county,  or  other  person  in  the  same 
county,  ought  for  any  delict  to  lose  his  life  or  limb;  and  j^^™" 
also  the  superiority  and  power  of  correcting  tbose  things  ^^^^^^' 
which  shall  have  been  erroneously  done  there  in  the  court 
of  our  same  uncle  or  hia  said  heirs ;  or  if  our  same  uncle,  « in  iMan 
or  his  said  heirs  or  their  ministers,  shall  fail  in  doing  jus- 
tice in  their  court     And  that  our  same  uncle  and  his  said  "n*  Duk* 
heirs,  at  the  mandates  of  us  and  our  heirs,  shall  be  held  to  )»in  biKud 
send  to  the  parliaments  and  councils  of  us  and  our  heirs  ^i™™'™ 
two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  shire  aforesaid,  and  ^i^ 
two  burgesses  from  every  borough  of  the  same  shire,  to 
treat  with  the  others  of  our  sud  realm  coming  to  Uie  par- 
liaments and  councils  concerning  the  affairs  of  the  said 
realm  in  the  same  parliaments  and  councils  to  be  declared: 


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70 

Ducis  LaDcastrise  (exceptie  preeezceptis)  eodem  modo  ac 
adeo  Ubere  et  integre  aicut  idem  avunculus  noster  ea  ad 
praeeena  habet  et  tenet,  impeTpetuum,  aicut  prsedictum  est. 
Hiis  testibus  Willielmo  Archiepiscopo  Cantuariensi  totius 
Angliee  Primate,  Thoma  Archiepiacopo  Eboracenai  Angliffi 
Primate,  Roberto  Londineusi,  Willielmo  Wintonensi,  Can- 
cellario  nostro,  Johanne  Menevenai,  Thesaurano  noetro, 
Epiacopia,  Edmundo  Eborum,  Thoma  Gloucestiiffi,Duoibua, 
avunculis  uostria  cariBBimis,  Kicardo  Aruodelliae,  Willielmo 
Sarum,  Henrico  Northumbrite,  Comitibus,  Kicardo  Le- 
acrop,  Johanue  Devereux,  Senescallo  hospitii  nostri,  et 
aliia.  Data  per  manum  noatram  apud  Westmonasterium, 
sextodecimo  die  Februarii,  anno  regni  nostri  tertiodecimo. 
Per  ipaum  Regem  et  concilium  suum,  ac  petitione 
in  parliamento. 


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70 

and  that  our  same  UDcle  and  his  heirs  shall  assign  certain  md  lonutgn 
trusty  and  sufficient  men  for  the  like  tenths  and  fifteenths,  lutawia 
sub^dies,  and  other  contributioiu,  so  often  as  they  shall  ^,^^, 
happen  to  he  granted  to  ua  or  our  hfflrs  in  parliament  or 
council ;  so  that  we  and  our  heirs  may  by  the  same  men 
be  answered  in  respect  of  such  grants.     Wherefore  we  will 
and  strictly  command  that  our  same  uncle  and  his  heirs 
aforesaid  shall  have  and  hold  all  and  every  the  abovesaid 
liberties,   franchises,   privileges,   exchequer,  jura  regaUa^ 
and  other  things,  together  with  the  said  name  and  honor  nuaitf 
of  Duke  of  Lancaster,  except  as  before  excepted,  in  the  Lueuur. 
same  manner  and  as  freely  and  entirely  as  our  same  uocle 
at  present  has  and  holds  them,  for  ever,  as  \%  aforesaid. 
These  being  witnessea,  William  Archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury,  Primate   of  all  England ;   Thomas   Archbishop   of 
York,   Primate   of  England;    Robert  Bishop  of  London; 
William    Bishop  of   Winchester,  our  Chancellor;    John 
Bishop  of  Sunt  David's^   our  Treasurer;  our  most  dear 
undee,  Edmund  Duke  of  York,  and  Thomas  Duke  of 
Gloucester;    Richard  Earl  of  Anmdel;   William  Earl  of 
Salisbury;    Henry  Earl  of  Northumberland;  Richard  Le- 
scrope;  3(Aai   Devereux,   Steward  of  our  household,  and 
others.      Given  under  our  hand  at  Westminster,  on  the 
sixteenth  day  of  February,  in  the  thirteenth  year  of  our 
reign. 

By  the  King  himself  and  his  council,  and  by  petition 
in  parliament. 


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De    CONFIRMATIONE. 

jlICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliae  et  Francis  et 
Dominus  Hibeniiai,  archiepiscopis,  epiacopts, 
J  abbatibuB,  prioribus,  ducibus,  comitibus,  baro- 
II  nibus,  justitiariis,  Ticecomitibus,  preepositia,  mi- 
nietris,  et  omnibus  ballivis  et  fidelibua  suia,  salutem.  In- 
apeximua  cartam  Domini  Edwardi  nuper  R^is  Angliae, 
an  noatri,  factam  in  hcec  verba: 

EDWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglis  Dominua  Hi- 
bemiea  et  Aquitanise,  archiepiacopis,  episcopia,  abbatibua, 
prioribua,  comitibua,  baronibua,  jiutitiariie,  vicecomitibiu, 
prsepositis,  ministris,  et  omnibus  ballivis  et  fidelibus  auis 
salutem.  Sciatia  quod  cum  nuper  conaiderantes  qualiter 
comitatua  Lancastris,  et  plura  castra,  vilbc,  maneria, 
terr»,  et  tenementa,  cum  pertinentiis,  tarn  in  comitatibua 
LincolnisQ  et  Derbiw  quam  in  diverus  aliia  comitatibus 
regni  noatri,  -quee  fuenint  Henrici  nuper  Ducis  Lan- 
castriffi  et  Comitia  Lincolnie  et  Derbis  post  mortem  ip- 
sius  Ducis,  (qusedam,  videlicet,  ad  Johannem  Comitem 
Richemondis  filium  nostrum  carisaimum  et  Blancbiam 
uxorem  ejus  unam  filiarum  et  hseredum  prffidicti  Ducis, 
juxta  partitionem  inter  ipsos  et  Matildem  tunc  alteram 
filiarum  et  hseredum  ipaius  Ducis  &ctam  per  deecensum 
hfereditarium  fuerint  devoluta,  et  quffidano  eisdem  Comiti 
et  Blanchiae,  juxta  ordinationem  et  conceasionem  pnedicti 
Duds  dum  Tixit,  aub  certa  forma  sunt  remansura,)  ac  vo- 
lentes  proinde  eidem  filio  nostro,  ut  ae  juxta  atatua  sui 
nobilitatem  decentius   manutenere   valeat,  gratiam  (acere 


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Charter  of  confirmation.* 

wlICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  Ood,  King  of  Eng-  tta  jma, 
land  and  France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  hia  *-n-  i9m. 
archbishops,  biehope,  abbots,  priors,  dukes, 
earls,  barons,  justices,  aberi^  reeves,  minis- 
ters, and  all  his  bailifia  and  futhful  people,  greeting.  We 
have  inspected  the  charter  of  the  Lord  Edward,  late  King 
of  England,  our  grandfather,  made  in  these  words : 

EDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  Lord   inb  u.^. 
of  Ireland  and  Aquilaine,  to  his  archbishops,  bishops,  ab-  '»-  '>*■- 
bote,  priors,  earls,  barons,  justices,  sherifis,  reeves,  minis- 
ters, and  all  his  bailiffi  and  faithful  people,  greeting.    Know  ^„,11^  ot 
ye,  that  whereas  we,  lately  considering  how  that  the  county  diuxi  inh 
of  Lancaster,  and  many  castles,  towns,  manors,  lands,  and  »  bh*'  *• 
tenements,  with  their  appurtenances,  as  well  in  the  coun- 
ties of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  as  in  divers  other  counties  of 
our  realm,  which  were  of  Henry  late  Duke  of  Lancaster 
and  Earl  of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  lately  af^r  the  death  of 
the  same  Duke  bad  devolved,  to  wit,  some  by  hereditary 
descent,  upon  John  Earl  of  Richmond,  our  most  dear  son, 
and  Blanche  hia  wife,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs 
of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  according  to  the  partition  made 
between  them  and  Matilda,  the  then  other  daughter  and 
co-heir  of  the  same  Duke,  and  some  were  to  remain,  under 
a  certain  form,  to  the  same  Elarl  and  Blanche,  according  to 
an  ordinance  and  grant  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  whilst  he 

*  The  original  Charter  doca  not  now  esiit  in  the  Mchives  of  the 
Duchy  of  Lancaster. 


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spedalem,  coDceeBerimus  pro  nobis  et  haeredibuB  nostris 
praefato  Johanni  oudc  Coraiti  Lancaetriee  et  Richemondiae, 
quod  ipse  et  bseredes  sui  de  corpora  buo  et  corpore  prie- 
diet»  Blancbise  legidme  procreati  imperpetuum  habereDt  re- 
toma  omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  bsereduro  nostrorum, 
et  omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio  in  terns  et  feodis  de 
haereditate  prsedicti  Ducia,  quee  tunc  in  manibus  ipsorum 
ComitiB  et  Blanchise  estiterunt,  et  quae  imposterum  eis 
juxta  ordinationem  et  concessionem  prsedictas  sunt  reman- 
sura  cum  ad  manua  8uas  devenerint;  et  etiam  omnee  fines 
et  amerciamenta  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium  guonim, 
ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in  curiis  nostris  et 
heeredum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fines  focere  continge- 
ret,  necnon  omnia  catalla  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium 
suorum  felonum  et  fugitivonim  et  dampnatorum,  prout  in 
carta  nostra  inde  confecta  plenius  conUnetur.  Ac  jam 
omnia  terrse  et  tenementa  cum  pertinentiis  qua:  praedicta 
Malildia  tenuit  in  propartem  suam  prEedictam,  de  omnibus 
terris  et  tenementiB  prfedictis  quie  fueruQt  preedicti  Ducis, 
necnon  qusedam  alia  terrce  et  tenementa  cum  pertinentiis  in 
comitatibus  Norfolcise  et  Sufiblcise  qusB  eadem  MaUldis 
tenuit  de  haereditate  ipsius  Ducib  ex  done  et  feoSamento  Jo- 
hannis  Episcopi  Lincoln iensis,  Ricardi  Comitis  Arundelhte, 
Robert!  de  la  Mare,  Johannis  de  Buklond,  Johannis  Cfaar- 
nels,  Walter!  Power,  Simonis  Symeon  et  Johannis  Neu- 
marche,  per  mortem  ejusdem  Matildis  pnefatis  Comiti  et 
Blanchiee,  ut  sorori  et  haeredi  prmdictse  Matildis  jure 
haereditario  deecenderint.  Nob  volentes  prsedictoB  Comi- 
tem  et  Blanchiam  farore  prosequi  gratioso,  concessimue 
et  hac  carta  nostra  confirmavimus  prsefato  Comiti  quod 
ipse  et  bseredes  sui  de  corpore  buo  et  corpora  prscdictte 
Blancbite  legitime  procreaU  imperpetuum  habeant  retoma 
omnium   brevium  nostrorum   et  haeredum   nostrorum,   et 


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72 

lived,  and  being  willing,  therefore,  to  shew  espetnal  favor 
to  the  Bune  our  aon,  in  order  that  he  might  the  roore  de- 
cently matctiun  himself  according  to  the  nobility  of  hie 
station,  did  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs  to  the  aforesaid  John 
now  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  Richmond,  that  he  and  his 
heirs  of  his  body  and  the  body  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche, 
lawfully  begotten,  for  ever  should  have  the  return  of  all 
writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  the 
lands  and  fees  of  the  heritage  of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  which 
then  were  in  the  hands  of  the  same  Earl  and  Blanche,  and 
which  thereafter  were  to  remain  to  them  according  to  the 
ordinance  and  grant  aforesaid,  when  they  should  come  into 
their  hands ;  and  also  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their 
men  and  tenants  wheresoever  it  should  happen  that  such 
men  and  tenants  should  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  ue  and  our  beirvj  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all 
their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  per- 
sons condemned,  as  in  our  charter  thereof  made  more  fully 
is  contained.  And  now  all  the  lands  and  tenements,  with  ud  dwni 
their  appurtenances,  which  the  aforesaid  Matilda  held  as  prntoBOB 
her  purparty  aforesaid  of  all  the  lands  and  tenements  afore-  [Jf'^"^" 
said  which  were  of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  and  also  certain 
other  lands  and  tenements,  with  appurtenances,  in  the 
counties  of  Norfolk  and  Sufiblk,  which  the  same  Matilda 
held  of  the  inheritance  of  the  same  Duke  by  the  gift  and 
feoffment  of  John  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  Richard  Earl  of 
Arundel,  Robert  de  la  Mare,  John  de  Buklond,  John  Cbai^ 
nel%  Walter  Power,  Simon  Syroeon,  and  John  Neumarche, 
have  by  the  death  of  the  same  Matilda  descended  by  here- 
ditary right  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  Blanche,  as  sister  and 
heir  of  the  aforesud  Matilda : — We,  willing  to  pursue  with 
our  gracious  favor  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  Blanche,  have 
granted  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed  to  the 


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omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio,  tarn  in  terns  et  feodis  quse 
iidem  Comes  et  Blanchia  de  proparte  ipsius  Blanchiee 
pnedicta,  quom  ia  tetris  et  feodis  quae  fuerunt  prsedictn 
Iilatildis  et  quae  ipsi  Comes  et  Blanchia  ut  soror  et  bseres 
ejusdem  Matildis  jam  tenent  de  hsreditate  pnedict»,  et 
etiam  in  terns  et  feodis,  quae  eisdem  Comiti  et  Blancbise 
sunt  de  eadem  haereditate  imposterum  remansura  vel  rever- 
sum,  cum  ad  manus  suas  deveneriut,  et  etiam  omues  fines 
et  amerciamenta  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium  suonim 
ubicumque  ipeos  homines  et  teuentes  iu  curils-  nostris  et 
hseredum  nostrorum  amerciart  vel  fines  facere  coutigerit; 
necnon  omnia  catalla  omnium  homiuum  et  tenentium 
suorum»  felonum  et  fugitivorum  et  dampnatorum.  Quare 
TolumuB  et  firmiter  pnecipimus  pro  nobis  et  haeredibus 
uostris  quod  pnedictus  Comes  et  bsredes  sui  praedicti 
imperpetuum  habeant  retoroa  omnium  brerium  nostrorum 
et  beeredum  nostrorum,  et  omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio 
in  terris  et  feodis  suis  prtedictiB ;  ac  omues  fines  et  amer^ 
ciamenta  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium  suorum  prae- 
dictorum,  ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in  curiis 
nostris  et  haeredum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fines  &cere 
continent;  ac  etiam  omnia  catalla  omnium  hominum  et 
tenentium  suorum,  felonum,  fugitivorum,  et  damdnatorum, 
sicut  praedictum  est,  et  eodem  modo  quo  Henricus  nuper 
Comes  Lancastrite  pater  preedicti  Ducis,  vel  idem  Dux, 
quibus  consimites  libertates  iu  terris  et  feodis  suis  ha- 
bendas  successiTe  per  cartas  nostras  cuncessimus,  easdem 
libertates  habuit  et  eis  rationabiliter  uti  consuevit  Hiis 
testibus  S.  Archiepiscopo  Cantuarienei  totiuB  Anglise  Pri- 
mate, W.  Wintoniensi  Episcopo  Cancellario  nostro,  S. 
Etiensi  Episcopo  Thesaurario  nostro,  Edwardo  Principe 
Wallias  primogenito  nostro  carissimo,  Ricardo  Arundellis, 
Thoma  Warwici,  et  WiUielmo  Sarum,  Comitibus,  et  aliis. 


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aforesaid  Earl,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  and  the 
body  of  the  aforewd  Blanche,  lawfully  begotten,  for  ever 
may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  Btmn  «r 
all  pleas  of  withernam,  as  well  in  the  lands  and  fees  which  pi>ui>r 
the  same  Earl  and  Blanche  now  hold  of  the  aforesud  pur- 
party  of  the  same  Blanche,  as  in  the  lands  and  fees  which 
were  of  the  aforesaid  Matilda,  and  which  the  same  Earl, 
and  Blanche  as  sister  and  heir  of  the  same  Matilda,  now 
hold  of  the  inheritance  aforesaid,  and  also  in  the  lands  and 
fees  of  the  same  inheritance  which  are  hereafter  to  remain 
or  revert  to  the  same  Earl  and  Blanche,  when  they  shall 
come  into  their  hands;  and  also  all  fines  and  amercements  pi»ind 
of  all  their  men  and  tenants  wheresoever  the  same  men  and  tamtt. 
tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all  ^^**'*  "* 
their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  per- 
sons condemned.  Wherefore  we  will  and  strictly  command 
for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  his  heirs 
aforesud  for  ever  shall  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withernam  in  their  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid;  and  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their 
men  and  tenants  aforesaid,  wheresoever  the  same  men  and 
tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  iheir 
men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  persons 
condemned,  as  is  aforesaid,  and  in  thp  same  manner  in 
which  Henry  late  Earl  of  Lancaster,  father  of  the  afore- 
sud Duke,  or  the  same  Duke,  to  whom  we  granted  by  our 
charters  successively  to  have  the  hke  liberties  in  their  lands 
and  fees,  had  the  same  liberties  and  was  accustomed  reason- 
ably to  use  them.  These  being  witnesses,  Simon  Arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury,  Primat«  of  all  England;  William 
Bishop  of  Wmchester,  our  Chancellor;  Simon  Bishop  of 


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74 

Data  per  manum  nostram  apud  Westmonasterium  duo- 
decimo die  Mali,  anno  regni  nostri  tricesimo  sexto. 

UW^^I^^EMI^^  etiam  quandam  cartam  nostram 
factam  in  baec  verba : 

RICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglio)  et  Franci»  et 
Dominus  Hibernise,  omnibus  ad  quos  prsesentes  literse  per- 
veneiint,  salutem.  Inepexlmus  quandam  cartam  carissimi 
Domini  et  avi  nostri  Domini  Edwardi  nuper  Regis  Anglise 
defuncti,  nuper  factam  carissimo  avunculo  nostro  Johanni 
Re^  Caetellse  et  Legionis  Duci  Lancastrise,  filio  ipsius 
avi  nostri,  per  nomen  Johannis  Duins  Lancastrise,  et 
Blanchise  nuper  uxori  ejus  in  hsec  verba:  EDWARDUS 
Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglise,  DomiuuB  Hibemife  et  Aqmta- 
mx,  archiepiecopis,  epiBcopis,  ducibua,  abbatibus,  pri- 
oribus,  comitibua,  baronibus,  justitiariia,  vicecomitibus, 
praapositis,  miniBtris,  et  omnibus  ballivis  et  fidelibus  suis, 
salutem.  Sciatis  quod  cum  nos  nuper  septimo  die  Maii 
anno  regni  nostri  sexto  decimo  per  cartam  nostram  con- 
cesserimua  pro  nobis  et  hasredibus  noetris  Henrico  tunc 
Comiti  LancastriEe  quod  ipse  et  hseredes  sui  de  corpora  suo 
procreati  et  omnea  bomines  eui  imperpetuum  eesent  quieti 
de  pavagio  paesagio  paagio  lastagio  stallagio  tallagio  cari- 
agio  pesagio  piccagio  et  terragio  per  totum  regnum  et 
potestatem  nostram ;  et  quod  idem  Comes  et  hseredes  sui 
prsedieti  imperpetuum  faaberent  retorna  omnium  brevium 
nostrorum  et  hieredum  nostrorum  ac  BummonittODum  de 
scaccario  nostro  et  hsredum  nostrorum,  et  attachiamen- 
ta  tam  de  placitis  coronte  quam  de  aliis  quibuscunque  in 
omnibus  terris  et  feodie  suis;  ita  quod  nullus  vicecomes 
vel  alius  ballivue  seu  minister  noster  vel  hceredum  n(»tro- 
rum  terras  seu  feoda  ilia  ingrederetur  ad  esecutiones  eorun- 
dem  brevium  et  summonitiooum,  eeu  ad  attachiamenta 
de  placitis  corouee  vel  aliis  preedictis  aut  aliquod  aliud  offi- 


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H 

Elyj  our  TrenBiurer;  Edward  Prince  of  Wales,  our  most 
dear  eldeat  son;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  Thomas  Earl 
of  Warwick ;  and  William  Earl  of  Salisbury,  and  others. 
Given  under  our  hand  at  Westminster  on  the  twelfth  day 
of  May,  in  the  thirty-«xtb  year  of  our  reign. 

"^Wi  have  inspected  also  a  certain  charter  of  ours  made 
in  these  words : 

RICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  isoi  aant. 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present  let-  i»-  i»J- 
ters  shall  come,  greeting.     We  have  inspected  a  certain 
charter  of  our  most  dear  Lord  and  grandfather  Lord  Ed- 
ward, late  King  of  England,  deceased,  lately  made  to  our 
dearest  uncle  John  King  of  Castitle  and  Leon,  Duke  of  Lan- 
caster, son  of  our  same  grandfather,  by  name  of  John  Duke 
of  Lancaster,  and  to  Blanche,  late  his  wife,  in  these  words: 
EDWAED,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  Lord  mi.  fti/, 
of   Ireland   and   Aquitune,   to  bis   archbishops,   bishops,  *■>- >^- 
dukee,  abbots,  priors,  earls,  barons,  justices,  sheriffs,  reeves, 
ministers,  and  all  his  biuliK  and  faithful  people,  greeting. 
Know  ye,  that  whereas  we  did  lately,  on  the  seventh  dar  R«iui<>f 
of  May,  in  the  sixteentn  year  of  our  reign,  grant  by  our  ">■  xv' 
charter,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  Henry  then  Earl  of  Lan-  e^""^ 
caster,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  begotten,  and  **"*'' 
all  his  men  for  ever,  should  be  quit  of  paviage,  passage, 
payage,  lastage,  stallage,  tallage,  carriage,  pesage,  picage, 
and  groundage  throughout  all  our  realm  and  dominions; 
and  that  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  for  ever 
should  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
summons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  the 
attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  as  of  other  pleas 
whatsoever  in  all  their  lands  and  fees ;  so  that  no  sheriff  or 
other  biuliff  or  minister  of  ue  or  our  heirs  should  enter 
those  lands  or  fees  to  execute  the  same  writs  and  summons, 


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75 

dum  ibidem  faciflndum,  aisi  in  defectum  ipeiuB  Comitis  et 
hiEredum  suorum  prtedictorum  ac  balliTorum  et  miiuetro- 
rum  Buorum  \a  term  et  feodie  suia  pnedictis.  Et  quod 
haberent  catalla  bominum  et  tenentium  Buomm  felonum 
et  fugitJTorum ;  ita  quod  si  quia  bominum  vel  teneDdum 
euorum  pro  delicto  suo  vitam  vel  membrum  deberet  amit- 
tere  vel  fugeret  et  judJcio  stare  nollet  vel  aliud  quodcum. 
que  delictum  faceret  pro  quo  catatta  sua  deberet  perdere,  ubU 
cunque  justitia  de  eo  fieret,  eive  in  curia  nostra  vel  baere- 
dum  noBtrorum  sive  in  alia  curia,  ipsa  catalla  essent  ipuua 
Comitis  et  bseredum  euonun  praedictorum,  et  quod  Uceret 
eis  vel  ministris  suis  sine  impedimento  nostn  vel  bseredum 
nostrorum  vicecomitum  aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  mi- 
nistrorum  nostrorum  quonimcunque  ponere  se  in  seisn- 
nam  de  catallis  praedictis  et  ea  ad  ueum  ipsius  Comitis  et 
hsBredum  suorum  prsedictorum  retinere.  Et  etiam  quod 
babereot  imperpetuum  omnes  fines  pro  transgressionibus 
et  aliis  delictis  quibuscunque  et  fines  pro  licentia  concor^ 
dandi,  et  omnia  amerciamenta  redemptiones  et  exitua 
forisfactOB ;  ac  forisfacturas,  annum  diem  vastum  et 
streppum,  et  omnia  quas  ad  nos  et  bseredea  costros  per- 
tinere  possent  de  bujusmodi  anno  die  vasto  et  murdria 
de  omnibus  hominibus  et  tenentibus  de  terris  et  feodis 
suis  quibuscunque  in  quibuscunque  curiis  nostris  et  bsere- 
dum nostrorum  homines  et  tenentes  illos,  tsm  coram  nobis 
et  beeredibus  noatris,  et  in  cancellaria  nostra  et  bseredum 
nostrorum,  et  coram  thesaurario  et  baronibus  nostris  et 
bseredum  nostrorum  de  scaccario,  et  coram  justitiariis 
nostris  et  hserediun  nostrorum  de  banco,  et  coram  sene»- 
callo  et  marescalUs  seu  clerico  mercati  hospitii  nostri  et 
hsredum  nostrorum,  ac  aliis  curiis  nostris  et  haaredum 
nostrorum,  quam  coram  justitiariis  itinerantibus  ad  com- 
muuia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestse  et  quibuscunque  aliis 


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7« 

or  to  make  attachment  of  the  pleas  of  the  crown  or  other 
pleas  aforesaid,  or  to  do  any  other  oESce  there,  unless  in 
default  of  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  and  their 
bailift  and  ministers  in  their  lands  and  fees  aforesaid. 
And  that  they  should  have  the  (battels  of  their  men  and 
tenants  being  felons  and  fugitiyes;  so  that  if  any  one  of 
their  men  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  for  fais 
offence,  or  should  flee  and  be  unwilling  to  stand  his 
trial,  or  commit  any  other  offence  for  the  which  he 
ought  to  lose  bis  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  should 
he  had  of  him,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs, 
or  in  any  other  court,  such  chattels  should  belong  to  the 
same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  and  that  it  should  be 
lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers,  without  binderance  of 
us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sheriflls  or  other  bailiff  or  mi- 
nisters whomsoever,  to  put  themselves  in  seizin  of  the 
chattels  aforesaid,  and  to  retain  them  to  the  use  of  the 
same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforeaiud.  And  also  that  they 
should  have  for  ever  all  fines  for  trespasses  and  other 
offences  whatsoever,  and  fines  for  licence  to  agree,  and 
alt  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited  issues  and  for- 
feitures, year,  day,  waste,  and  estrepement,  and  all  things 
which  could  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  like  year, 
day,  and  wast^  and  murders,  in  respect  of  all  the  men  and 
tenants  of  their  lands  and  fees  whatsoever,  in  any  soever 
of  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,  where  such  men  and 
tenants  should  happen  to  make  fine,  or  he  amerced  or 
forfeit  issues,  or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfoitures 
and  murders  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us 
and  our  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer 
of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the  justices  of  the  bench 
of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the  steward  and  marshals 


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76 

jiistitiariis  et  miniBtriB  nostris  et  hieredum  nostrorum,  tarn 
in  prnsentia  noBtra  et  hEerediim  noBtrorum  quam  in  ab- 
sentia nostra  et  hieredum  nostrorum,  fines  facere  vel 
amerdari,  exitus  forisfacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum  seu 
forisfacturae  et  murdra  adjudicari  contingeret;  quse  fines, 
amerciamenta,  redemptjones,  exitus,  annua  dies  vastum 
sive  streppum,  forisfacturse  et  murdra,  ad  nos  vel  haare- 
des  nostros  perUnere  possent,  si  praefato  Comiti  et  hse- 
redibus  suis  prsedictis  concessa  non  fuisBent  Ita  quod 
idem  Comes  et  hieredes  sui  prsedicti,  per  Be  vel  per  balU- 
vos  et  ministroB  suos,  fines,  amerciamenta,  redemptione^ 
ezituB,  et  forisfocturas  hujusmodi  hominum  et  tenen- 
tium  Buorum  priedictOTum,  et  omnia  quae  ad  nos  et  baere- 
des  nostros  pertinere  possent  de  anno  die  et  vasto  aye 
streppo  et  murdrie  prsedictie,  levare  percipere  et  habere 
possent, — sine  occa«one  vel  impedimento  nostri  aut  hsere- 
dum  nostrorum,  justdtiariorum,  escaetorum,  vicecomitum, 
coronatorum,  aut  aliorum  balliTonim  seu  minietrorum  nOB- 
tronim  quorumcunque.  Quam  quidem  cartam  post  mor- 
tem prsedicti  Comitis  HenricuB  filiua  et  heeres  ejusdem 
Comitis,  cui  omnia  terne  et  tenementa  quEe  ftierunt  ipeius 
Comitis  jure  haereditario  descendebant,  nobis  ex  certis 
causis  reddidit  cancellandam,  et  ea  de  causa  carta  ilia 
cancellatur  sicut  per  inspectionem  rotulorum  cancellariae 
Qoetrse  nobis  constat  Nos  advertentes  ea  quae  Bic  in  feodo 
talliato  prsefato  Comiti  et  haeredibus  de  corpore  buo  procre- 
atis  per  nos  concessa  fuerunt,  et  de  quibus  praedictuB  Comes 
virtute  concessionis  nostrae  prsdictte  fuit  seisitus  in  domt- 
nico  BUO  ut  de  feodo  die  quo  obiit,  per  redditionem  cartae 
preedictae  nobis  per  prsedictum  Henricum  filium  Henrici 
sic  factam,  aut  per  quodcunque  aliud  factum  ejusdem  Hen- 
rici filii,  in  prtejudicium  et  exbaeredationem  heeredum  suo- 
rum  de  corpore  suo  exeuntium,  secundum  legem  et  consue- 


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76 

or  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  the  household  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  and  io  other  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
as  befoie  the  justices  in  eyre,  to  bold  common  pleas  and 
pleas  of  the  forest»  and  before  all  other  justices  and  mi- 
nieters  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  in  pre- 
sence of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  us  and  our 
heirs ;  which  fines,  amercements,  ransoms,  issues,  year, 
day,  waste,  or  estreperoent,  forfeitures,  and  murders, 
would  have  pertained  to  us  or  our  heirs,  if  they  had 
not  been  granted  to  the  aforestud  Earl  and  his  heirs 
aforesaid.  So  that  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  afore- 
sud,  by  themselves  or  by  their  bailiffs  and  ministers, 
might  levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  amercements* 
ransoms,  issues,  and  forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and 
tenants  aforesaid,  and  all  things  which  could  pertun  to 
us  and  our  heirs  of  the  year,  day,  and  waste  or  estrepe- 
ment,  and  murders  aforesaid,— without  let  or  hinderance 
of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  justices,  escbeators,  sheri£^ 
coroners,  or  other  our  bailiffi  or  ministers  whomsoever. 
Which  said  charter,  after  the  death  of  the  aforesaid  Earl,  anmtna 
Henry,  son  and  heir  of  the  same  Earl  (to  whom  all  the  tbaHoiad 

bdroTUw 

lands  and  tenements  which  were  of  the  same  Earl  did  by  be-  fi»<«- 
reditary  right  descend),  for  certain  causes  surrendered  unto 
us  to  be  cancelled,  and  therefore  the  charter  is  cancelled,  as 
to  us  appears  by  inspection  of  the  rolls  of  our  chancery. 
We,   taking  into  consideration   that  those   things  which  ti»  mrt  tn 
had  been  so  granted  by  us  in  fee-tail  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  nMiafioiT 
and  tbe  heirs  of  bis  body  begotten,  and  whereof  the  afore- 
said Earl  by  virtue  of  our  grant  aforesaid  was  seised  in 
bis  demesne  as  of  fee  on  the  day  of  his  death,  could  not 
by  any  surrender  of  the  charter  aforesaid  to  us  so  made 
by  the  aforesaid   Henry  the  son  of  Henry,  nor  by  any 
other  act  of  the  same  Henry  the  eon,  in  prejudice  and 


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77 

tudinem  regni  nostxi  adnutlari  non  posse,  sed  in  suo  robore 
pertnanere  debere,  ac  Tolentes  ea  conaideratioDe  carisBimo 
filio  noBtro  Johanni  nunc  Duci  LaDcastriae  qui  Blanchiatn, 
filiam  et  tueredem  preedicti  Henritu  filii  Henrici  postmodum 
Ducie  Lancastrise,  duxit  in  uzorem,  et  eidem  Blaochice, 
qui  quidem  Johanues  et  Blancbia  omtiia  terras  et  tene- 
meuta,  quER  fuenint  tam  preedicti  Heurici  patria  qaasa 
prs&ti  Henrici  filii  jure  hasreditario,  ut  in  jure  prsedict» 
Blanchise  de  corpore  priedicti  Henrici  filii  Henrici  pnv 
creatffi,  jam  tenent^  gratiam  facere  apecialem,  dictam  con- 
ceesionem  nostram  prsDfeto  Henrico  Comiti,  ut  pr^emittituri 
factam,  praefatis  Johanni  nunc  Duci  Lancastris  et  Blanchiae 
uxori  ejus  duximue  inuovandam,  et  coucessiniUB  et  hac 
carta  nostra  confinnavimus,  pro  nobia  et  haeredibuB  noatris, 
eisdem  Johanni  Dud  et  Blanchise  quud  ipsi  et  h^redes 
8ui  de  corporibuB  ipsorum  Johannis  et  Blanchiae  procreati 
et  omnes  homines  sui  de  terTiB  et  feodie  quee  fuerunt 
prsedicti  Henrici  patria  dicto  septdmo  die  Mail  imperpetuum 
BiDt  quieti  de  pava^o,  passagio,  paa^o,  lasta^o,  stallagio, 
tallagio,  cariagio,  pesagio,  piccagio,  et  terragio  per  totom 
regnum  et  potestatem  nostram ;  et  etiam  quod  iidem  Dux  et 
Blancbia  et  hseredes  Bui  praedicti  imperpetuum  habeant 
retoma  omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  hseredum  nostrorum, 
ac  summonitionum  de  acaccario  uostro  et  hferedum  nos- 
trorum, et  attacbiamenta  tam  de  pladtis  coronee  quam  de 
aliia  quibuscunque  in  omnibus  terris  et  feodis  praedictia; 
ita  quod  nullus  vieecomcB  vel  alius  ballivus  aeu  minister 
Doster  vel  haeredum  nostrorum  terras  aeu  feoda  ilia  in- 
grediatur  ad  execuUones  eorundem  brevium  et  sum- 
monitionum, aeu  ad  attacbiamenta  de  placitis  coronse 
vel  aliis  preedictis  aut  aliquod  aliud  officium  ibidem 
fadendum,  nisi  in  defectum  ipsorum  Ducis  et  Blanchise 
et  baeredum  auorum  praedictorum  ac  baUivorum  et  minis- 


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77 

diBberisOD  of  his  heirs  of  his  body  isBuing,  be  annulled 
according  to  the  law  and  cuatom  of  our  realm,  but  ought 
to  remain  in  their  full  force,  and  being  willing,  with  that 
consideration,  to  shew  especial  favor  to  our  most  dear  son 
John  now  Duke  of  Lancaster  (who  took  to  wife  Blanche, 
daughter  and  heir  of  tbe  aforesaid  Henry  son  of  Henry, 
afterwards  Duke  of  Lancaster),  and  to  the  same  Blanche^ 
which  same  John  and  Blanche  now  hold  by  hereditary 
right,  as  in  right  of  tbe  aforeuud  Blanche,  begotten  of 
the  body  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  son  of  Heniy,  all  the 
lands  and  tenements  which  were  as  well  of  the  aforesfud 
Henry  tbe  father,  as  of  tbe  aforesaid  Henry  the  son,  have  lUKncdin 

,  ,  ,  .  ,  ,  .  .  ftllMllf  Johl 

tbougbt  Qt  to  renew  our  said  grant,  made  as  is  premised  Q"^*  «f 
to  the  aforesaid  Earl  Henry,  unto  tbe  aforesaid  John  now  Sf  J^^ 
Duke  of  Lancaster  and  Blanche  his  wife;  and  we  have  hdl'^Hn'^ 
granted,  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed,  for  ue  o^i!^ 
and  our  beirs,  to  the  same  Duke  J(An  and  Blanche,  that 
they  and  their  heirs  of  tbe  bodies  of  the  same  John  and 
Blanche  begotten,  and  all  their  men  of  the  lands  and  fees 
which  were  of  tbe  aforesaid  Henry  tbe  father  on  the  said 
seventh  day  of  May,  may  be  for  ever  quit  of  paviage,  pas-  Acqnittun 
sage,  payage,  lastage,   stallage,  tallage,  carriage,  pesage, 
picage,  and  groundage  throughout  all  our  realm  and  domi- 
nion ;  and  also  that  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their 
heirs  aforesaid  for  ever,  may  have  tbe  return  of  all  writs  of  iMm  ^ 
us  and  our  heirs,  and  summons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  ■°iiii»Bii>r 
our  heirs,  and  the  attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  i""- 
ae  of  other  pleas  whatsoever  in  all  tbe  lands  and  fees  afore-  oriibeu«r 
said ;  so  that  no  sheri^  or  other  bailiff  or  minister  of  us 
or  our  heirs,  may  enter  those  lands  or  fees,  to  execute 
tbe  same  writs  and  summons,  or  to  make  attachment  of 
the  pleas  of  the  crown  or  other  pleas  aforesud,  or  to  do 
any  other  office  there,  unless  in  default  of  the  same  Duke 


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78 

trorum  Buonim  in  terns  et  feodis  euis  preedictis.  Et  etiam 
quod  babeant  catalla  hominum  et  tenentium  suorum  fe- 
lonum  et  fugitivonim ;  ita  quod  ei  qms  bominum  vel  teaeti- 
tium  suorum  pro  delicto  buo  ntam  vel  membruin  debeat 
amittere  vel  fugerit  et  judicio  stare  noluerit  vel  aliud 
quodcumque  delictum  fecerit  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeat 
perdere,  ubicunque  justitia  de  eo  fieri  debeat  sive  in 
curia  nostra  vel  hiereduiD  nostronun  »ve  in  alia  curia, 
ipsa  catalla  sint  ipsorum  Ducis  et  Blancbiae  et  basredum 
suorum  prsedictorum,  et  quod  liceat  eis  seu  miniBtns  suis 
sine  impedimento  noBtri  vel  bffiredum  nostrorum  vicecomi- 
tum  aut  alionim  balliTorum  seu  ministrorum  nostrorum  quo- 
nimvunque  pouere  Be  in  seisinam  de  catallis  praedictis  et  ea 
ad  usum  ipsorum  Ducis  et  Blancbise  et  hferedum  suorum 
prsedictorum  retinere.  Et  etiam  quod  babeant  imperpe- 
tuum  omnes  fines  pro  trauagressionibus  et  aliis  delictia  qui- 
buBcunque  et  etiam  fines  pro  licenlia  concordandi,  ac  omnia 
amerciamenta  redemptiones  et  exitug  forisfactos,  ac  foris- 
facturas,  annum  diem  et  vastum  et  streppum,  et  omnia  qura 
ad  noB  et  heeredes  nostroB  perdDere  poterunt  de  hujusmodi 
anno  die  et  vasto  et  murdris  de  omnibuB  bominibus  et  te- 
nentibus  de  dictis  terns  et  feodis  quae  fuerunt  dicti  Hen- 
rici  patris  dicto  septimo  die  Maii,  in  quibuscunque  curiia 
Dostris  et  bseredum  nostrorum  homines  et  tenentes  illos, 
tam  coram  nobis  et  hseredibus  noatris,  et  in  cancellaria 
nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  ac  coram  tbesaurarie  et 
barouibus  nostris  et  heeredum  noBtrorum  de  scaccario,  et 
coram  justitiariiB  nostris  et  hferedum  nostrorum  de  banco, 
ac  coram  senescallo  et  marescallis  seu  clerico  mercaU 
hospitii  nostri  et  bsredum  nostrorum,  qui  pro  tempore 
fueriot,  et  alib  curiis  nostris  et  hseredum  noBtrorum, 
quam  coram  justitiariis  itinerantibuB  ad  communia  pla- 
cita    et    ad    pladta  forestee   et   quibuBCunque    aliis   jus- 


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78 

aod  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid,  and  their  bailifla 
and  miaistera  in  their  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.  And  also  ^J^"^" 
that  they  may  have  the  chattels  of  their  men  and  tenants 
being  felons  and  fugitives;  so  that  if  any  one  of  their 
men  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  for  his  offence, 
or  should  flee  and  be  unwilling  to  stand  his  trial,  or 
commit  any  other  offence  for  the  which  he  ought  to 
lose  his  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  should  be  had  of 
him,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any 
other  court,  such  chattels  shall  belong  to  the  same  Duke 
and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid.  And  that  it  shall 
be  lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers,  without  hinderance 
of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sheri^  or  other  bailift  or 
ministers  whomsoever,  to  put  themselves  in  seizin  of  the 
chattels  aforesaid,  and  retain  them  to  the  use  of  the  same 
Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid.  And  also  FUtMud 
that  they  may  have  for  ever  all  fines  for  trespasses  and  ".^Jj"- 
other  offences  whatsoever,  and  also  the  fines  for  licence  ^•"o"'- 
to  agree,  and  all  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited 
issues  and  forfeitures,  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  estrepe- 
ment,  and  all  things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and  our 
heirs,  of  the  like  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in 
respect  of  all  the  men  and  tenants  of  the  said  lands  and 
fees,  which  were  of  the  said  Henry  the  father  on  the 
said  seventh  day  of  May,  in  any  soever  of  the  courts  of 
UB  and  our  heirs,  where  such  men  and  tenants  shall 
happen  to  make  fine,  or  be  amerced,  or  forfeit  issues, 
or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfeitures  and  murders, 
happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the 
treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  before  the  justices  of  the  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
before  the  steward  and  marshals,  or  the  clerk  of  the  market 


^d  by  "Google 


79 

titiariis  et  miniBtrie  noBtris  et  heeredum  noBtrorum, 
tam  in  prsBsentia  nostra  et  haeredum  noBtrorum  quam 
in  absentia  nostra  et  b£erediun  noatrorum,  fines  facere  vel 
amerciari,  exitus  forisfaeere,  annum  diem  et  vastum  aeu 
foriefacturas  et  murdra  adjudicari  contigerit;  qvue  fines, 
ameiciamenta,  redemptiones,  exitua,  annua  dies  vastum 
uve  streppum,  forie&cturffi  et  murdra,  ad  nos  vel  hseredea 
nostroa  possent  pertinere,  si  prce&tis  Duci  et  Blanchise  et 
hseredibus  auis  priedicds  concessa  non  fuiasent.  Ita  quod 
iidem  Dux  et  Blanchia  et  haeredes  sui  prsedicd,  per  ae  vel 
per  ballivoa  et  miniatroa  suoa,  finea,  amerciamenta,  redemp- 
tionea,  exitua,  et  foria£acturas  hujuamodi  hominum  et 
tenentjum  suorum  preedictonim,  et  omnia  quae  ad  nos  et 
hseredes  nostros  pertinere  poterunt  de  anno  die  et  vasto  atve 
streppo  et  murdris  prsedictis,  lerare  percipere  et  habere 
poasint, — sine  occasione  vel  impedimento  nostri  vel  htere- 
dum  noEtrorum,  juBtitiariorum,  escaetorum,  vicecomitum, 
coronatorum,  aut  aliorum  b^llivorum  aeu  ministrorum  nos- 
trorum  quorumcunque.  Quare  volumus  et  firmiter  pr«e- 
dpimus  pro  nobis  et  beeredibua  nostris  quod  prsefati  Dux 
et  Blaucbia  et  hseredea  aui  prsedicti  imperpetuum  habeant 
omnes  libertatea  praedictas  sieut  praedictum  est,  et  eis  et 
earum  qualibet  decietero  plene  gaudeant  et  utantur,  reddi- 
tione  seu  cancellatione  cartse  praedictee  non  obstante.  Ita 
quod  ai  prsedicti  Dux  et  Blancbia  aine  haerede  de  cof~ 
poribua  sub  exeunt«  obierint,  tunc  omnea  et  singuls 
libertatea  priedictse,  poat  mortem  ipsorum  Ducis  et 
Bluichi^e  ad  nos  et  baeredes  noatroa  integre  rever- 
tantur.  Hiis  testibus,  venerabilibus  patribus,  Simone 
Elienai  Cancellario,  Johanne  Batbonienai  et  Wellenai  Tbe- 
saurario,  nostris,  Epiacopia,  Leonello  Duce  Clarenciae  filio 
nostro  carissimo,  Humfrido  de  Bobun  Herefordiee,  Ricardo 
Arundelliae,  Comitibue,  Edwardo  le  Despeneer  Domino  de 


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79 

of  ttie  household  of  us  and  our  heirs  for  the  time  being, 
and  in  other  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,  as  before 
the  jueticea  in  e3rre,  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of 
the  forest,  and  heforo  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of 
us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  in  presence  of  us 
and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  us  and  our  heirs;  which 
fines,  amercements,  ransoms,  iesues,  year,  day,  waste,  or 
estrepement^  forfeitures,  and  murders,  would  pertain  U) 
us  or  our  heira,  if  they  had  not  been  granted  to  the 
aforesaid  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid. 
Sojhat  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  afore- 
said, by  themselves  or  by  their  bailiffs  and  ministers,  may 
levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  amercements,  ransoms, 
issues,  and  forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and  tenants  afore- 
said, and  all  things  which  can  pertun  to  us  and  our  heirs 
of  the  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  estrepement  and  murders 
aforesaid, — vrithout  let  or  hinderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or 
of  our  justices,  escheators,  sherifis,  coroners,  or  other  our 
buliffs  or  ministers  whomsoever.  Wherefore  we  will  and 
strictly  command  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid 
Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid,  shall  have 
all  the  libertiea  aforesaid  for  ever,  as  is  aforesaid,  and 
shall  henceforth  fully  enjoy  and  use  them  and  every  of 
them,  notwithstanding  the  surrender  or  cancelling  of  the 
charter  aforesaid.  So  that  if  the  aforesaid  Duke  and 
Blanche  shall  (tie  without  heir  of  their  bodies  issuing 
then  all  and  every  the  liberties  aforesaid,  after  the  death 
of  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  shall  entirely  revert  to 
us  and  our  heirs.  These  being  witnesses,  the  venerable 
fathers,  Simon  Bishop  of  Ely,  our  Chancellor;  John 
Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  our  Treasurer ;  our  most  dear 
son  Lionel  Duke  of  Clarence ;  Humphrey  de  Bohun,  Earl 
of  Hereford;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  Edward  le  De- 


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80 

Olamorgan  et  Morgannowe,  Guidone  de  Bryan,  Johaone 
atte  Lee  Senescsllo  hospitu  noetri,  et  aliis.  Data  per 
manum  Dostram  apud  Westmonasterium  quartodecimo  die 
Julii,  anno  regni  noetri  tricesimo  octavo.  NOS  autem 
cartam  aupradictam  ac  omaes  donationes  coacessiones  et 
omnia  alia  in  eadem  contenta  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus  nos- 
trie  tenore  preeeeotium  r&tificamus  et  confinoamus,  justa 
tenorem  et  effectum  cartse  eupradictffi.  In  cujus  rei  tes- 
timonium has  literas  nostras  fieri  fecimus  patentes.  Teste 
me  ipeo  apud  Westmonasterium  quintodecimo  die  Septem~ 
brie  anno  regni  nostri  prima 

EM^IFI^^HMIUJ^  insuper  quandam  aliam  cartam 
DOStram  factam  in  baec  verba : 

RICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliee  et  FranciGe  et  Do- 
minus  Hibemifie  omnibus  ad  quos  prsesentes  liters  perve- 
nerint  salutem.  Inspeumua  quandam  cartam  indentatam 
nuper  factam  inter  carissimum  dominum  et  avum  nostrum 
Dominum  Edwardum  Regem  AogHee  defunctum  et  caris- 
simum Slium  suum  Johannem  Regem  Castelbe  et  Le- 
gionis  Ducem  Lancastrise,  avunculum  nostrum,  et  sub 
magno  sigillo  praedicti  avi  nostri  sigtllatam,  in  haec  verba; 
HMC  carta  indentata  facta  iuter  magnificum  principem 
Dominum  Edwardum  Regem  Angliie  et  Franciae  et  caris- 
mmum  filium  suum  Jobannem  Regem  Caetellee  et  Le^onis 
et  Ducem  Lancastrise  illustrem  testatur  quod  cum  idem 
Dominus  Rex  Anglise  prsfatum  Jobannem  nunc  Regem 
Castellse  in  Comitem  Richemondiaa  prcefecerit,  et  comito- 
tum  Ricbemondiae  ac  honorem  caetra  maneria  terras  tene- 
menta  et  omnia  aUa  loca  ad  dictum  comitatum  perdnentia 
quie  Jobannes  nuper  Dux  Britanniie  et  Comes  loci  praedicti 
babuit  ibidem,  praefato  Jobanm  Regi  Caetellae  per  nomen 
Comitis  Richemondise,  babenda  et  tenenda  sibi  et  faeere- 
dibus  de  corpore  buo  exeuutibus    dederit  et  conceseerit 


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spenaer.  Lord  of  Glamorgan  and  Morgannowe;  Guy  da 
Brian ;  John  atte  Lee,  Steward  of  our  household,  and 
others.  Given  under  our  band  at  Westminster,  on  the 
fourteenth  day  of  July,  in  the  thirty-eighth  year  of  our 
reign.  AND  we  the  charter  abovesaid,  and  all  the  dona- 
tions, grants,  and  all  other  things  therein  contained,  do  for 
us  and  our  heira,  by  the  tenor  of  these  presents,  radfy  and 
confirm  according  to  the  tenor  and  effect  of  the  charter 
aboTesaid.  In  witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our 
letters  to  be  made  patent  Witness  ourself  at  Westminster, 
on  the  fifteenth  day  of  September,  tn  the  first  year  of  our 
reign. 

^^IS  have  inspected,  moreover,  a  certain  other  charter 
of  ours  made  in  these  words : 

RICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  mhSM. 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present  a.d.  iirr. 
letters  shall  come,  greeting.    We  have  inspected  a  certain 
Charter  indented,  lately  made  between  our  most  dear  Lord 
and  grandfather,  Lord  Edward  late  King  of  England,  de- 
ceased, and  his  most  dear  son  John  King  of  Castille  and 
Leon,  Duke  of  Lancaster,  our  uncle,  and  sealed  under  the 
great  seal  of  our  aforesaid  grandfather,  in   these  words: 
THIS  Charter  indented,  made  between  the  high   and  ^*^'"*' 
mighty  prince,  Lord  Edward  King  of  England  and  France,  *"'  '^"■ 
and  bis  most  dear  son  John,  the  illustrious  King  of  Cas- 
tille and  Leon  and  Duke  of  Lancaster,  witnesseth,  that, 
whereas  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  did  advance  x*utm 
the  aforesaid  John,  now  King  of  Castille,  to  be   Earl  of  DniuorLu- 
Ricbmond,  and  by  his  charter  did  give  and  grant  unto  the  j^jllf^i^ 
aforesud  John   King  of  Castille,  by  the  name  of  Earl  of  ^a^' 
Richmond,  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor,  cas- 
ties,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  all  other  places  to  the 
Bud  earldom  pertaining,  which  John  late  Duke  of  Brit- 


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per  cartam  eviam,  prout  in  carta  piEedicta  plane  liquet: 
Jamque  dictus  JobaoDea  Rex  Castellse,  cum  preelatie  pro- 
ceribua  comitibus  magnatibus  nobilibus  et  sapientibus  de 
con<»lio  tegio  exiateutibus  prsehabitiB  super  hoc  diversiB 
tractatibue,  perpendena  et  advertens  quod  si  comitatus 
honor  castra  maneria  terre  tenements  et  loca  priedicta 
in  ae  et  solium  regium,  a  quo  prius  exiverant,  tranafe- 
rentur,  in  ipsius  Regia  Angliee  et  totius  regni  Anglise 
commodum  tenderet,  quietem  pariter  et  bonorem.  Et 
propterea  dictus  Jobannea  Rex  CastelUe,  sicut  gratus 
filius,  patris  sui  beneplacita,  bonorem  et  commodum  regni 
Anglise,  suis  propriia  utilitatibus  anteponene,  pura  et 
spontanea  voluntate  sua,  cauaia  et  occasionibus  antedictis, 
Bpetnaliter  acquievit  et  eonceaait  quod  comitatus  honor 
castra  maneria  terrse  tenementa  et  loca  praadicta,  necnon 
feoda  militum  ad  eadem  comitatum  bonorem  castta  ma- 
neria terras  tenementa  et  loca  prsedicta  pertinentia,  et 
similiter  advocationes  eisdem  spectantes  aimul  cum  mem- 
bris  hamelettas  pratia  pascuis  pasturis  piscariis  moris  maris- 
ds  turbariis  cbaciis  parcis  bosds  warennis  bundredis  wapen- 
tachiis  feriis  mercatis  Ubertalibns  liberia  consuetudinibus 
escaetis  et  omnibus  aliis  ad  prsedicta  comitatum  bonorem 
castra  maneria  terras  tenementa  et  loca  priedicta  qualiter- 
cumque  et  ubicumque  spectantibus  sire  pertinentibus,  prse- 
fato  patri  Buo  traderentur ;  unde  prsedictus  Dominus  Rex 
Angliae  gratitudinem  prmdictam  multis  attoUens  laudibus,  et 
Tolens  pToinde  prtefoto  Johanni  Regi  Castell^e,  et  in  status 
8ui  supportationem  majorem,  retributionem  sibi  facere  com- 
petentem,  castrum  manerium  et  honorem  de  Tickbull,  cas- 
trum  et  manerium  de  Alto  Pecco,  cum  feodia  militum  eisdem 
castris  maneriis  et  honori  perUnentibuB  sive  spectantibus,  et 
omnia  feoda  quae  dictus  Dominus  Rex  Angliee  habuit  ex 
dono  et  concessione  Roberti  de  Lisle  militiB  (feodia  quae  in 


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81 

tany  and  Earl  of  the  aforesaid  place  had  there,  to  have 
and  hold  to  him  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issuing,  aa  in 
the  charter  aforesaid  plainly  doth  appear :  And  now  the 
sud  John  King  of  Castille,  divers  treaties  hereupon  being 
bad  with  the  prelates,  peers,  earla,  grandees,  nobles,  and 
sages  of  the  royal  council,  well  weighing  and  consider- 
ing, that,  if  the  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands, 
tenements,  and  places  aforesaid  were  to  be  transferred 
to  him  and  the  royal  throne,  whence  they  had  first 
issued,  it  would  tend  not  less  to  the  advantage  of  the 
said  King  of  England,  and  the  whole  realm  of  England, 
than  to  the  quiet  and  honor  of  the  same.  And  for  that 
the  said  John  King  of  Castille,  like  a  grateful  son,  pr^ 
ferring  his  father's  pleasure,  and  the  honor  and  con- 
venience of  the  kingdom  of  England,  to  his  own  private 
advantage,  of  his  own  pure  will  and  free  accord,  for  the 
causes  and  reasons  aforesaid,  batli  especially  acquiesced 
and  granted  that  the  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  and  places  aforesaid,  and  also  the 
knights'  fees  pertaining  to  the  same  earldom,  honor, 
castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  places  aforesaid, 
and  in  like  manner  the  advowsons  belonging  to  the  same, 
together  with  the  members,  hamlets,  meadows^  feedings, 
pastures,  fisheries,  moors,  marshes,  turbaries,  chases,  parks, 
woods,  warrens,  hundreds,  wapentakes,  fairs,  markets,  li- 
berties, firee  customs,  escheats,  and  all  other  things  to  the 
aforesaid  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements, 
and  places  aforesaid  howsoever  and  wheresoever  belong 
ing  or  pertaining,  shall  be  given  up  to  bis  aforesaid  father ; 
whereupon  the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  of  England,  ex- 
tolling with  many  praises  the  gratitude  aforesaid,  and 
being  willing  therefore  to  make  competent  retribution 
to  him  the  aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille,  and  fra-  the 


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maiiu  ipsius  DoDi'mi  Regie  Angliffi  sunt  extincta  dum- 
taxat  exceptis)  aecaon  advocationes  ecclesiarum  de  Steyit- 
drop  et  BrauDspatb  in  episcopatu  Dunolmensi,  et  libera- 
rum  capelUrum  de  TickbuU  et  de  Alto  Pecco,  ac  ecclesise 
de  Marafeld,  liberse  capell»  ibidem,  liberse  capell»  infra 
castrum  de  Pevenese,  prioratue  de  Wilmingdon,  qui  eat 
cella  abbatie  Sanctro  Mariae  de  Oreeton  in  Normanaia, 
et  prioratua  de  Withtham,  qiu  eat  cella  abbatin  Sancti 
Martini  de  Meremeat  Turon',  et  domus  Sancti  Robert! 
de  Knareaburgb ;  castrum  manerium  et  honorem  de  Knarea- 
burgb  cum  pertineDtiia,  et  hundredum  sive  wapeDtachium 
de  Stayuclif,  cum  pertinentiia  in  comitatu  Eboraci)  ma- 
neria  de  Grynglay  et  Whetelay,  cum  pertinentiia  in  co- 
mitatu Notinghamise,  maneria  de  Wyghton,  Aileaham,  Fi^ 
kenhamdam,  et  Sneteebam ;  necnon  bundreda  de  North- 
grenehowe,  .Nortberpingham,  Sutherpingbam,  et  Smetbe- 
don,  cum  pertinentiia  in  comitatibua  Norfolcis  et  Sufiblcis, 
maneria  de  Glatton  et  Hofan,  cum  pertinentiia  in  comitatu 
Huntingdoniae,  manerium  de  Sabam,  cum  pertinentiia  in 
comitatu  Cantabiigife,  caatnim  et  leucatam  de  Pevenese 
ac  maneria  de  Wilyndon  et  Marsfeld,  necnon  ballivam  de 
Endelenewyk,  cum  pertinentiia  in  comitatu  Suaaexise,  et 
liberam  cbaciam  de  Alto  Pecco,  quam  dictue  DominuB 
Rex  Anglise  tenuit  in  manu  sua  ut  foreatam,  tenendam  ut 
liberam  cbadam,  ac  liberam  cbaciam  de  Assfaedon,  cum 
juribua  et  libertatibus  liberie  chadia  pertinentibue ;  et 
annuam  firmam  ducentarum  marcarum  quam  abbaa  et 
conventUB  beatae  Marise  Eborum  eidem  Domino  Regi 
AngliiB  et  hKredibus  Buis  pro  manerio  de  Wbite^ft  sol- 
vere tenentur,  perciplendam  per  manua  dictorum  abbatig 
et  oonventuB  et  succesaorum  suorum,  dedit  et  concesait 
pro  se  et  heredibus  euis  preefato  Johanni  Regi  Caatells, 
babenda  sibi  et  bseredibua  de  corpore  auo  exeuntibus  una 


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i 


better  support  of  his  etatioD,  hath  given  and  granted 
for  himself  and  hie  heirs  UDto  the  aforesaid  Joha  Kiog 
of  Caetille  the  castle,  manor,  and  honor  of  Hckhill,  the 
castle  and  manor  of  the  High  Peak,  with  the  knights' 
fees  to  the  same  caatlee,  manors,  and  honor  pertaining 
or  belonging,  and  all  the  fees  which  the  said  Lord  the 
King  of  England  had  by  the  gift  and  grant  of  Sir  Robert 
de  Lisle,  knight,  (excepting  only  those  fees  which  are 
extinct  in  the  hands  of  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  Eng- 
land,) and  also  the  advowsons  of  the  churches  of  Stain- 
drop  and  Brancepeth  in  the  bishopric  of  Durham,  and 
of  the  iree  chapels  of  Tickhill  and  High  Peak,  and  of 
the  church  of  MaresGeld  and  free  chapel  there,  of  the 
free  chapel  within  Pevensey  castle,  of  the  priory  of  WiU 
mingdon,  which  is  a  cell  of  the  abbey  of  St.  Mary-de 
GrestoQ  in  Normandy,  and  of  the  priory  of  Withiham, 
which  is  a  cell  of  the  abbey  of  SL  Martin  de  Meremest 
in  Tourain,  and  of  the  house  of  St.  Robert  of  Knares- 
boro*; — the  castle,  manor,  and  honor  of  Knaresboro',  with 
appurtenances;  and  the  hundred  or  wapentake  of  Stcun- 
cliff,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  York ;  —  the 
manors  of  Gringley  and  Wheatley,  with  appurtenancec^  in 
the  county  of  Nottingham; — the  manors  of  Wighton,  Ayls- 
ham,  Fakenham,  and  Snettisham,  and  also  the  hundreds  of 
North  Greenhoe,  North  Erpingham,  South  Erpingbam,  and 
Smithdon,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  counties  of  Norfolk 
and  Suffolk; — the  manors  of  Glatton  and  Holm,  with  ap> 
purtenances,  in  the  county  of  Huntingdon; — the  manor  of 
Soham,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Cambridge; 
— the  castle  and  Uvcata  of  Pevensey,  and  the  manors  of 
Willingdon  and  Maresfield,  and  also  the  bailiwick  of  En- 
delenewick,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Sussex; 
~and  the  free  chase  of  the  High  Peak,  which  the  said 


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cum  membria  hamelettis  pratie  paecuis  pasturiB  piscariia 
moris  mariads  turbariis  cbaciis  parcis  boscis  warennis 
hundred  is  wapentacbiis  feriis  mercada  libertatibuB  li- 
beris  couBuetudiDibus  escaetie  et  omnibus  aliU  ad  prie- 
dicta  castra  maaeria  bonores  buodreda  leucatam  balliram 
et  chatuas  qualitercuuqua  et  ubicunque  spectantibus  eive 
pertinentibus  de  prsefato  Domino  Rege  Angliae  et  haere- 
dibuB  suis  per  eervitia  inde  debits  et  consueta  imper- 
petuum  in  escambium  pro  dictia  comitatu  Richemoodis 
honore  castris  maneriis  terris  tenementis  locis  feodis  et  ad- 
vocationibuB  preedictis»  qus  idem  Johannes  Rex  Castellra 
per  banc  cartam  indentatam  dedit  conceasit  et  sureum  red- 
didit eidem  Domino  Regi  Anglise  et  b^eredibua  suis  im- 
perpetuum  in  escambium  pro  caetris  maneriia  honoribus 
bundredifi  leucat»  ballira  chadis  finna  feodis  et  advo- 
cadonibuB  prsedictiB,  aibi  per  ipaum  Dominum  Rf^em 
Aoglise^  ut  preedicitur,  datia  et  concesaie,  auh  ea  qura 
sequitUT  conditione,  quod  bi  hseredes  diet!  Johannis  Regis 
CastelUe  recuperaverint  per  judicium  inde  rite  redditum, 
comitatiun  Richemondiae,  hoDorem  castra  maaeria  terras 
tenementa  loca  feoda  et  advocationes  preedicta  aut  ali- 
quam  parcellam  eonindem,  rirtute  doni  taUis  supradicti, 
et  passesBioaem  inde  habuerint,  recuperadonem  illam  bS&t- 
mando,  liceat  eidem  Domino  Regi  Anglias  et  hseredibus  auis 
castra  maneria  bonorea  hundreds  leucatam  bailivam  cbacias 
firtnam  feoda  et  advocationes  prsedicta,  prsafato  Jobanni 
Regi  CaetellGB  sic  in  escambium  pnedictum  data  et  cod- 
cesaa,  reiotrare  et  tenere  imperpetuum.  Et  si  contio- 
gat  praedicta  castra  maneria  bonorea  buodreda  leucsr 
tarn  hallivam  chaciae  firmam  feoda  et  advocationea  aut 
aJiquam  parcellam  eorumdem  prsefato  Jobanni  Regi  Cas- 
tellsB  in  escambium  preadictum  sic  data  et  concesaa  ab 
eodem  Johanne  Kege  Castells  seu  hnredibus  suis  priedic^ 


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Lord  the  King  of  England  held  in  his  hands  as  a  forest 
to  bold  as  a  free  cha§e; — and  the  free  chase  of  Ashdown, 
with  the  rights  and  liberties  to  free  chases  pertaining;— 
and  the  yearly  farm  of  200  marks  which  the  abbot  and 
convent  of  St.  Mary's  at  York  are  held  to  pay  to  the 
same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heira  for  the 
manor  of  Whitegiit,  to  be  perceived  by  the  hands  of  the 
said  abbot  and  convent,  and  their  succesBora : — To  hare 
to  him  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issuing,  together  with  the 
members,  hamlets,  meadows,  feedings,  pastures,  fisheries, 
moors,  marshes,  turbaries,  chases,  parks,  woods,  warrens^ 
hundreds,  wapentake!^  fairs,  markets,  liberties,  free  cus. 
toms,  escheats,  and  all  other  things  to  the  aforesaid  castles, 
manon^  honors,  hundreds,  Uucaia,  bailiwick,  and  chases 
howsoever  and  wheresoever  belonging  or  pertaining,  of 
the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  beirSf 
by  the  services  therefore  due  and  accustomed  for  ever,  in 
exchange  for  the  said  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor, 
castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  places,  fees  and  advow. 
sons  aforesaid,  which  the  same  John  King  of  Castille  by 
this  charter  indented  hath  given,  granted,  and  surrendered 
to  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs  for 
ever  in  exchange  for  the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hundreds, 
leucata,  bailiwick,  chases,  fiirm,  fees,  and  advowsons  afore- 
said, given  and  granted  to  him  by  the  same  Lord  the  King 
of  England  as  is  aforesaid, — under  the  condition  hereafter 
following, — that  if  the  heirs  of  the  stud  John  King  of 
Castille  shall  recover  by  judgment  thereupon  rightfully 
g^ven  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  advowsons  aforesaid,  or 
any  parcel  thereof,  by  virtue  of  the  aforesaid  gift  in  tail, 
and  thereof  have  poBsession,  affirming  that  recovery,  it  may 
be  lawful  for  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his 


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84 

tis  recuperari,  <lictuB  DominuB  Rex  Anglin  et  haeredes  biu 
debitam  recompensationem  prsafato  JohaDci  Re^  CaatelUe 
et  hseredibue  euU  prsedictis,  de  -  valore,  sine  difficultate 
qualibet  facere  teneantur.  Dumtsmen  idem  JohaimeB  Rex 
CastellsB  et  lueredeB  Bui  preedicti  a  dicto  Domioo  Rege 
Aogliae  aut  haeredibus  suis  auzilium  petant,  et  debitam 
diligentiam  apponant  circa  ealvationem  de  eo  quod  versus 
eos  peti  contingat.  Et  etiam  si  comitatum  Ricbemondise 
hoQorem  castra  maneria  terras  teuementa  loca  feoda  et 
advpcationes  prwdicta  aut  aliquam  parcellam  eorumdem 
extra  manuB  dicti  Domini  Regis  Angliee  seu  heeredum 
suorum  in  feodo  simplict  aut  talliato  poni  contingat,  et 
impoBtenim  ad  manus  ejusdem  Domtai  Regis  Anglis  vel 
hceredum  euorum,  ex  justa  causa,  in  feodo  devenerint, 
tam  idem  Dominua  Rex  Anglise  et  hsBredes  sui  castra 
maneria  hoDores  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam  chadaa  fir- 
mam  feoda  et  advocationes  prsedicta  priefato  Jobanni  Regi 
Castellse  et  bxredibus  de  corpore  suo  exeuntibus  sic 
data  et  concesBa,  quam  preefatue  JohanneB  Rex  Castelle 
et  heeredes  sui  pnedicti  dictum  comitatum  Ricbemondise 
ac  honorem  castra  maneria  terras  teuementa  loca  feoda 
et  advocationes  prsedicta  dicto  Domino  Regi  Anglise  et 
heeredibus  suis  in  escambium  preedictum  ut  prsemittitur 
data  et  concessa,  pro  integro  seu  pro  rata  rehabeant  hine 
et  inde,  et  restitutio  exinde  fiat,  tenenda  prout  prius.  Et 
idem  Dominus  Rex  Angliae  et  haeredes  sui  castra  maneria 
honores  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam  chadas  firmam  feoda 
et  advocationes  praedicta,  prsehto  Jobanni  Regi  Castell» 
et  baeredibus  de  corpore  suo  exeuntibus  per  ipsum  Do- 
minum  Regem  Angliffi  data  et  conceBBa,  prsefato  Johanni 
Re{^  Castellse  et  heeredibus  suis  prsedictis  warantizabunt  et 
imperpetuum  defendent,  juxta  vim  et  efiectum  escambii 
et  conditionum  preedictorum.     Et  Bimiliter  idem  Johannes 


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84 

heirs  to  re-enter  and  hold  for  ever  the  castlea,  manore, 
honors,  hundreds,  leueata,  hailiwiek,  chases,  fenn,  fees,  and 
adTowaons  aforesaid  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid 
John  King  of  CastiDe  in  exchange  as  aforesfud.  And  if 
it  happen  that  the  aforesud  castles,  manors,  honors,  hun- 
dreds, Uueata,  buUwick,  chases,  farm,  fees  and  advowsona, 
or  any  parcel  thereof,  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid 
John  King  of  Castillo  in  exchange  as  aforesaid,  be  re- 
covered from  the  same  John  King  of  Castille  or  his  heirs 
aforescud,  the  sud  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs 
shall  be  held  to  make  due  compensation  of  the  value  to 
the  aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille  and  hb  heirs  aforesaid 
without  any  difficulty.  So  however,  that  the  same  John 
King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  pray  aid  of  the 
said  Lord  the  King  of  England  oi  his  heirs,  and  apply 
due  diligence  about  the  salvation  of  that  which  may 
happen  to  he  sued  against  them.  And  also  if  it  happen 
that  the  earldom  of  Kichmond,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  advowsons  aforesaid, 
or  any  parcel  thereof,  he  put  out  of  the  hands  of  the 
said  Lord  the  King  of  England  or  his  heirs  in  fee 
simple  or  tail,  and  thereafter  shall  come  by  just  cause 
into  the  hands  of  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England 
or  his  heirs  in  fee,  as  well  the  same  Lord  the  King  of 
England  and  his  heirs,  the  castles,  manors,  honors,  bun- 
dreds,  leueata,  bailiwick,  chases,  farm,  fees,  and  advowsons 
aforesaid  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid  John 
King  of  Castille  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issuing,  as  the 
aforesud  John  King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  the 
said  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  advowsons  aforesaid 
given  and  granted  to  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England 
and  his  heirs  in  exchange  aforesaid,  as  is  premised,  may 


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85 

Rex  Castellie  et  bseredes  sui  prsedictum  comitatum  ^jcbe- 
moadiee,  simul  cum  bonore  castris  maDeriis  tenis  tenemeu- 
tJs  locis  feodis  et  advocatioiiibus  praediclis,  prasdicto  Do- 
mino Regt  Anglie  et  basredibus  suis  contra  omnefl  wgran- 
tizabunt  et  imperpetuum  defenden^  juxta  vim  et  efiTectum 
escambii  et  conditionum  prsedictormn.  Id  cujus  rei  tes- 
Umonium  praedict»  cartse  indentatte  tarn  sig^llum  dicti  Do- 
mini Regis  Anglise  quam  ugillum  dicti  JobanniB  Regis  Cas- 
tell»  altematini  sunt  appensa.  Hiis  testibus,  venerabilibus 
patiibus  Willielmo  Arcbiepiscopo  Cantuariensi  totiuB  Ad- 
gliffi  Primate,  Simone  Londinensi  et  Willielmo  Wintoniensi, 
Epiacopis,  Edmundo  filio  dicti  Regis  Angliie  carissimo 
Cantabrigiae,  Ricardo  Arundellise,  Humfrido  de  Bobim  He- 
refordiffi  et  Willielmo  de  Monte  Acuto  Sarum,  ComiBbua, 
Henrico  de  Percy,  Roberto  de  Tborp  Caocellario,  Ricardo 
de  Scrop  Tbesaurario,  Willielmo  Latymer  Camerario,  Jo- 
hanne  de  Neville  Senescallo  boapitii  prsedicti  Domini  Regis 
Anglite,  Johuine  Knyvet,  Willielmo  de  Fyncbedeoe,  Jo- 
batme  Moubray,  Tboma  de  Ingelby,  Willielmo  de  Wy- 
cbyngbam,  Rogero  de  Meres  et  Johanne  de  Cavendiash, 
ejusdem  Domini  Regis  Angliae  juBtitJariia,  et  aliis.  Data 
apud  Westmonaaterium  vicesimo  quinto  die  Junii,  anno 
regni  dicti  Domini  Regis  Angliae,  Anglice  quadragesimo 
sexto,  regni  vero  sui  Francice  tricesimo  tertio.  INSPEXI- 
MUS  etiam  quandam  aliam  cartam  praefati  avi  nostri 
nuper  factam  prsedicto  avunculo  nostro  in  haec  verba: 
EDWARDUS,  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglise  et  Frandte,  et 
Dominua  HibernisB,  arcbiepiscopis,  episcopis,  abbatibus, 
prioribuS)  ducibuB,  comitibus,  baronibus,  miliribus,  justiti- 
ariis,  vicecomitibua,  prGepoaiUa,  ballivie,  minietris,  et  aliis 
fidelibus  auis,  salutem.  Sciatis  quod  cum  nuper  per  cartam 
noBtram  indentatam  dederimus  et  concesserimus  pro  nobis 
et  baeredibus  nostris  quantum  in  nobis  fuit  cariseimo  filio 


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65 

hare  back  on  either  side  entirely  or  proportionately, 
and  restitution  thereupon  be  made,  to  hold  as  before. 
And  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs, 
the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hundreds,  leucata,  buliwick, 
chases,  brm,  fees  and  advowsons  aforesaid  given  and 
granted  by  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  to  the 
aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille  and  the  heira  of  his  body 
issuing,  will  warrant  and  for  ever  defend  to  the  aforesud 
John  King  of  Castille  and  bis  heirs  aforesud,  according 
to  the  force  and  eflect  of  the  exchange  and  conditions 
aforesaid.  And  in  like  manner  the  same  John  King  (A 
Castille  and  his  heirS)  the  aforesud  earldom  ai  Richmond, 
together  with  the  honor,  casties,  manors,  lands,  tenementi^ 
places,  fees,  and  adTowsons  aforesud,  against  all  men  will 
warrant  and  for  ever  defend  to  the  aforesud  Lord  the 
King  of  England  and  his  heirs,  according  to  the  force 
and  effect  of  the  exchange  and  conditions  aforesaid.  In 
witness  whereof  ae  well  the  seal  of  the  said  Lord  the 
King  of  England,  as  the  seal  of  the  said  John  King  of 
Castille,  alternately  are  set  to  the  aforesaid  charter  in- 
dented. These  being  witnesses,  the  venerable  fathers, 
William  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  Eng- 
land; Simon  Bishop  of  London,  and  William  Bishop  of 
Winchester;  Edmund  Earl  of  Cambridge,  the  most  dear 
son  of  the  sud  King  of  England ;  Richard  E^l  of  Arundel ; 
Humphrey  de  Bohun,  Earl  of  Hereford,  and  William  de 
Montacute,  Earl  of  Salisbury;  Henry  de  Percy;  Robert 
de  Thorp,  Chancellor;  Richard  de  Scroope,  Treasurer; 
William  Latymer,  CSiamberlain ;  John  de  Neville,  Steward 
of  the  household  of  the  aforesaid  Lord  tfae  King  of  Eng- 
land ;  John  Knyvet,  William  de  Fyncbedene,  John  Mou- 
bray,  Thomas  de  Ingelby,  William  de  Wychyngham,  Roger 
de  Meres,  and  John  de  Cavendissfa,  Justices  of  the  same 


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noBtro  Johanni  Regi  Castellse  et  Legionis,  Duci  Lancastriae, 
castrum  manerium  et  hoaorem  de  Tlckhull,  ac  alia  terras 
et  ten«neiita  in  dicta  carta  nostra  specificata  cum  perti- 
nentiis ;  habenda  sibi  et  bsredibus  de  corpore  suo  exeun- 
tibua  in  escambium  pro  comitatu  Richemondiie,  ac  honore 
caetris  maneriis  tenis  tenementis  et  omnibus  aliis  locis  ad 
dictum  comitatum  perdnentibus  nobis  et  haeredibus  nostris 
per  preefatum  filium  nostrum  datis  coDcessis  et  sursum  reddi- 
tis,  prout  in  carta  nostra  priedicta  plenius  contJnetur,*  ac  jam 
preefatus  filius  ooster  nobis  eupplicaverit  ut  cum  villa  de 
Grenetede  quae  ut  parcella  manerii  de  Marsfeld,  villa  de 
Seford  quee  ut  parcella  castri  et  leucatfe  de  Peveaaey, 
et  villa  de  Laghton  in  Mortbyng  quae  ut  parcella  castii 
et  bonoris  de  Tickbull,  sibi  in  certum  valorem  in  eecam- 
bium  praedictum  (nulla  speciali  mentione  facta  de  villie  ilUs 
in  dicta  carta  nostra)  liberata  fuerunt,  tria  grossa  per  se 
Beparadm  et  non  pertinentia  ad  nunerium  de  Marsfeld 
eastnun  et  leucatam  de  Pevensey  et  castrum  et  honorem 
de  Tickbull  praedicta  exietant,  nee  aliquo  tempore  fuerint, 
sicut  jam  sibi  datur  iutelligi,  velimus  ne  ipse  aut  bie- 
redes  sui  prEedicti  super  occupatioue  dictarum  villarum 
<le  Orenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton,  ob  defectum  specialis 
nominationis  earumdem  in  concessione  nostra  prsdicta 
impetantur  infuturum,  dictaa  villas  de  Grenstede,  Se- 
ford, et  Laghton,  nominatim  sibi  concedere,  babendas  et 
teneadas  una  cum  dictis  castro  manerio  et  honore  de 
Tickbull,  ac  aliis  tenis  et  tenementis  sibi  in  dictum  es- 
cambium datis,  et  etiam  cum  libertatibus  quietantiis  et 
immunitatibuB  quae  Philippa  nuper  Regina  Anglias,  tunc 
censors  nostra,  quie  dicta  castrum  manerium  et  honorem 
de  HckhuU  et  alia  terras  et  tenementa,  eidem  filio  nostro 
per  DOS  Bic  data,  teuuit,  in  vita  sua  babuit  ex  concessione 
nostra  in  eisdem,  in  recompensationem  libertatum  quietan- 


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Lord  tbe  King  of  England,  and  others.     Oiven  at  West- 
minster on  the  twenty-fifth  day  of  June,  in  the  forty-sixth 
year  of  the  reign  of  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England, 
and  tbe  thirty-third  of  his  reign  of  France.    WE  have  in- 
spected also  a  certain  other  Charter  of  our  aforesaid  grand- 
fother  lately  made  to  our  aforesud  uncle,  in  these  vords: 
EDWARD,  hy  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  itb  jd», 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  his  archbishops,  bbhops,  '»■»"■ 
abbots,   priors,  dukes,  earls,  barons,  knights,  justices,  she- 
rifls,  recTes,  baili^  ministers,  and  other  his  faithful  people, 
greeting.    Know  ye,  that  whereas  we  did  lately  by  our  char-  bhIui  umt 
ter  indented  give  and  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs,  as  Car  as  ^"«  '•■^ 
did  in  us  lie,  to  our  most  dear  son  John  King  of  CasUUe  and  ""^^^ 
Leon  and  Duke  of  XAncaster  the  castle  manor  and  honor  of  ^^f*' 
Tickhill  and  other  lands  and  tenements  in  our  said  charter 
specified,  with  appurtenances,  to  have  to  him  and  the  heirs  of 
his  body  issuing,  in  exchange  for  tbe  earldom  of  Richmond 
and   tbe  honor  castles  manors  lands   tenements   and  all 
other  places  to  tbe  sud  earldom  pertMning,  given  granted 
and  surrendered  to  us  and  our  heirs  by  our  aforesaid  son, 
as  in  our  charter  aforesaid  more  fully  is  contained ;  and  "i  <>>' 
now  our  aforesud  son  bath  besought  us,  that,  whereas  the  ^^','^^ 
town  of  Grinstead,  which  as  parcel  of  the  manor  of  Mares-  S™!,'^'?''' 
field,  tbe  town  of  Seaford,  which  as  parcel  of  the  castle  and  ^lI^^Biin 
leucata  of  Pevensey,   and    the    town   of  Laoghton-in-le-  lu^'^'i™ 
Morthen,  which   as   parcel   of  the   castle  and   honor   of 
Tickhill,  were  delivered  to  him  at  a  certain  valuation  in 
the  escbange  aforesud,  (no  special  mention  being  made 
of  those  towns  in  our  said  charter,)    be  three  towns  in 
gross  severally  of  themselves,  and  he  not  nor  were  at  any 
time  pertaining  to  tbe  aforesud  manor  of  Mareefield,  castle 
and  latcaia  of  Pevensey,  and  castle  and  honor  of  Tickhill, 
as  now  he  is  given  to  understand,  lest  he  or  bis  heirs  afore- 


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87 

tianim  et  immunitatum  quaa  idem  filius  noster  in  dicto 
eomitatu  Richemondise  et  honore  castris  maneriiB  tends 
tenementis  et  aliis  locie  ad  dictum  comitatum  pertinen- 
tibuB  habuit,  dum  ea  tenuit,  ante  escambiiun  supradictum. 
No6  escambium  illud  in  qualibet  parte  ejusdem  obaervare, 
et  tarn  quieti  dicti  filii  nostri  et  hseredum  suorum  prsdic- 
tormn  in  faac  parte  prospicere,  quam  dicta  tenementa  eidem 
filio  noetro  ut  preemittitur  data  et  concessa  ac  dictae  villas 
de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagfaton,  quas  virtute  dicUe 
concessionis  noatree  sic  tenet,  libertatibus  quietatitiis  et 
immunitatibue,  per  pnefotam  consortem  nostram  habitis 
ut  priemittitur  in  eiadem,  muniri  et  exornari,  in  recom- 
peneationem  libertatum  quietantdanim  et  immnnitatum 
per  pTsdictum  filium  Bostrum  in  dicto  eomitatu  Riche- 
mondise  et  pertinentiis  buib  prEedictis  nuper  babitarumj 
et  pnecipue  ob  Bpecialem  affectionem  quam  ad  personam 
ejuadem  filii  nogtri,  suiB  meritis  magnificia  laudabiliter 
exigentibuB,  gerimus  et  habemnB,  conceseimus  eidem  filio 
DOBtro  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus  nostris  quod  ipse  dictas 
villas  de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Laghton  cum  pertinentiis 
suiB  uoiversis,  edam  licet  grossa  sint  per  se,  an  ut  priedio- 
tum  est  pertinentia  ad  dictum  manerium  de  Marsfeld, 
castrum  et  leucatam  de  Pevensey  et  castrum  et  honorem 
de  TickhuU,  habeat  et  retiueat,  unacum  dictis  castro  ma- 
nerio  et  honore  de  HckhuU  et  aliis  terns  et  tenementis 
praedictia  sibi  per  nos,  ut  prsemittitur,  datis,  ac  liberta^ 
tibus  qoietantiis  et  immunitatibus  Bubscriptis  (quae  pr»- 
fatse  Reginee  in  diciis  terris  et  tenementis  qtue  ipsa  sic 
tenuit  ad  vitam  suam,  concessimug,  habendas,  sicut  per  in- 
spectionem  rotulorum  cancellarise  nostrm  nobis  constat)» 
babendie  utendis  et  gaudendis  in  dictis  castro  manerio  et 
hooore  de  Tickbul),  ac  aliis  castiis  maneriis  bonoribus 
hundredis,  et  villis  de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton,  ac 


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87 

aud  should  in  future  be  impeached  in  the  occupation  of  the 
sud  towns  of  Griostead,  Seaford,  and  Laugbton  for  the 
want  of  special  naming  of  the  same  in  our  grant  aforesaid, 
we  would  be  pleased  to  grant  the  sud  towns  of  Grinstead,  migiit  ^ 
Seaford,  and  Laughton  to  him  by  name,  to  have  and  to  ^'^ " 
hold  together  with  the  said  castle  manor  and  honor  of 
Hckhill  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements  given  to  him 
in  the  sud  exchange,  and  alBo  with  the  liberties  acquit-  ^J^^'^ 
tances  and  immunities  which  FhiUppa,  late  Queen  of  Eng-  ^^l^  *^ 
land,  then  our  consort,  (who  held  the  Baid  castle,  manor,  ^'^,'** 
and  honor  of  TlckhiU,  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements  otuum. 
80  given  by  us  to  our  same  son,)  in  her  lifetime  had  in 
the  same  by  our  grant,  ia  compeDsation  for  the  liberties 
acquittances  and  immunities  which  our  same  son  had  in 
the  Bud  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  in  the  honor  castles  m»- 
nors  lands  tenements  and  other  places  to  the  said  earldom 
pertaining,  whilst  he  held  them  before  tiie  exchange  above 
said.     We,  to  observe   the  said  exchange   in   every   part  canMtn- 
thereof  and  to  look  as  well  to  the  quiet  of  our  said  bod  and  ^^Ff"- 
his  heirs  aforesaid  in  this  bebalf,  as  that  the  sud  tene-  ™'^„„, 
ments  given  and  granted  to  our  same  sou  as  is  premised,  ^^^P^ 
and  the  said  towns  of  Grinstead,  Seaford,  and  Laughton,  wmdu'^* 
which  by  virtue  of  our  said  grant  he  so  holds,  be  adorned 
and  armed  with  the  liberties  acquittances  and  immunities 
had  in  the  same  by  our  aforesaid  consort  as  is  premised,  in 
compensatioD  for  the  liberties  acquittances  and  immuni- 
ties lately  had  by  our  aforesaid  son  in  the  said  earldom  of 
Richmond  and  its  appurtenances  afbresEud,  and  chiefly  on 
account  of  the  special  aSection  which  we  have  and  bear  for  ■»«  tb* 
the  person  of  our  same  son,  his  high  merits  full  worthily  faot», 
requiring  it,  have  granted  to  our  same  son,  for  us  and  our  Tii>i>nk« 
heirs,  that  he  the  said  towns  of  Grinstead,  Seaford,  and  tb?w^B.,r 

OltBHud, 

Laughton,  with  all  their  appurtenances,  albeit  even  they  ^1^^  *°' 


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aliis  terns  teaemeDtis  et  lode  quibuscumque  dicto  filio 
nostro,  ut  est  dictum,  per  nos  datis  et  in  dicta  carta  nos- 
tra plenius  Bpeuficatis,  et  qualibet  parte  eorumdem  eidem 
filio  nostro  et  dictis  hKredibus  de  corpora  bug,  ut  prs- 
dictum  eat,  procreatis,  in  eacambium  supradictum,  sub  niodo 
et  forma  in  eadem  carta  noetra  contends  imperpetuum, 
videUcet^  cum  feodia  militum,  advocationibus  domorum  re- 
ligioaarum  hospitalium  ecclesiarum  et  capellarum,  wardis 
maritagiie  et  escaetis  de  omnibus  tenenUbua  de  ho- 
noribufl  manerits  terris  tenementis  et  aliis  locns  prsedictis 
preehto  filio  nostro  per  noe  sic  datis,  aimul  cum  chaciia 
parcis  boscis  warennis  feriia  mercatis  aquis  vits  piscariis 
communis  assartis  vastis  et  purpresturia,  ac  etiam  arren- 
tationibus  et  redditibua  quorumcumque  asaartorum  vas- 
torum  et  purpresturarum  tam  temporibus  progenitorum  noB- 
trorum  quondam  Regum  Angliae  qoam  nostro  in  chaciis 
et  aliia  1o<ub  prsedictis  arrentatorum  et  exnunc  arrenlan- 
dorum,  una  cum  finibus  pro  ingressu  hujusmodi  assartorum 
rastorum  et  purpresturarum  sic  arreutandorum,  et  cum 
curiis,  vieibua  franci  plegii,  hundredis,  wapentachiis^  wrek, 
wayT  et  atray*,  libertatibus  regalibus,  et  Ubeiis  conauetudi- 
nibuB,  et  omnibus  aliis  ad  eadem  castra  honores  maneria 
hundreda  et  alia  terras  tenementa  et  loca  qualitercumque 
et  ubicumque  apectantibua.  Concessimus  etiam  pro  nobis 
et  heeredibus  noatris  eidem  filio  nostro  quod  ipse  et  dicti 
heeredes  sui  habeant  omnes  fines  redemptionea  et  amertaar 
menta  onmium  hominum  et  tenentium  suorum  de  et  in 
castris  bonoribuB  maneriia  hundredia  villia  tenia  tene- 
mentia  et  aliis  locis  praedictia  sibi  per  noa  sic  datis,  et 
eorum  feodis,  ac  etiam  in  omnibus  villia  hundredis  et 
aliis  locia  unde  annuse  firmse  et  redditus  sibi  inter  csetera 
terras  et  tenementa  prsdicta  per  nos  conceaai  proreniunt ; 
necnon  exitua  forigfactos,  et  omnia  quae  ad  nos  et  baeredea ' 


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be  towns  in  gross  of  themBelves,  or  whether  as  aforesaid   ^'^  ■><■ 
they  be  pertaining  to  the  sud  manor  of  Maresfield,  castle  j^'^,^^^ 
and  leucaia  of  Pevenaey,  and  castle  and  honor  of  Tlckbill, 
may  hare  and  retain  together  with  the  said  castle  manor 
and  honor  of  Tickhill  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements 
aforesaid  by  us  given   to  him  as  is  premised,  and  vith  "^")f7 
the  liberties  acquittances  and  immuniUes  underwritten,  ^£°* 
(which  we  granted   to  the   aforesaid   Queen   to   have  in 
the   said    lands  and   tenements  by   her   so   held  for   her 
life,  aa  is  evident  to  us  by  the  inspection  of  the  rolls 
of  our  chancery,)  to  hav^  use,  and  enjoy   in  the   said 
castle  manor  and  honor  of  Tickbill,  and   the  other  cas- 
tles  manors   honors   hundreds,   and  the   towns   of  Grin- 
stead,    Seaford,   and  Laughton,   and   the  other  lands  te- 
nements  and    places    whatsoever,    given    by    us   as    has 
been  said  to  our  said  son,  and  in  our  said  charter  more 
fully  specified,  and  in   every  part  thereof, — to  our  same 
son  and  the  said  heirs  of  hie  body  begotten  as  is  afore- 
said,  in   exchange   as   abovesaid   under  the   manner   and 
form    contiuned    in   our   same  charter   for  ever,  that  is 
to  say,  with  knights'*  fees,  advowsons  of  religious  houses,  Knighu' 
hospitals,  churches  and  chapels,  wardships,  marriages,  and  SJhf'i- 
escheats  of  all  the  tenants  of  the  honors,  manors,  lands,  te- 
nements and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given  to  our 
aforesaid  son,  together  with  chases,  parks,  woods,  warrens,  cuh», 
fairs,  markets,  waters,   ways,  fisheries,  commons,  assarts, 
wastes,  and   purprestures,  and  also  with  the  arrentations 
and  rents  of  all  manner  of  assarts,  wastes,  and  purprestures 
atrented  in  the  chases  and  other  places  aforesaid,  as  well 
in  our  time  as  in  the  times  of  our  progenitors  formerly 
Kings  of  England,  and  hereafter  to  he  arrented,  together 
with  the  fines  for  ingress  of  the  like  assarts,  wastes,  and 
purprestures  so  to  be  arrented,  and  with  courts,  views  of 


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DOBtros  pertinere  poterunt  de  anno  die  et  vasto,  foris^- 
turie  et  murdris,  in  quibuscumque  curiia  noetria  et  hseredum 
nostrorum  homines  et  tenentes  illos  (tam  coram  nobis  et 
haeredibus  nostris  et  in  cancelUria  nostra  et  hsBredum 
nostrorum,  ac  coram  thesaurario  et  baronibus  nostria 
et  hsercdum  nostrorum  de  scaccario,  quam  coram  justi- 
tiariis  nostiis  et  hseredum  nostrorum  itinerantibus  ad 
communia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestse,  ac  etiam  coram 
juBtitiariis  nostris  et  hserediim  nostrorum  de  banco,  et 
coram  seneecallo  et  marescallo  ac  coronatore  hospitii 
noetri  et  hsredum  nostrorum  et  clerico  de  mercato, 
ac  coram  atiis  justitiariis  et  ministria  nostria  et  biere- 
dum  nostrorum  quibuscumque)  fines  aeu  redemptiooes 
facere  vel  amerciari,  aut  hujusmodi  exitus  murdra  aeu 
forisfacturas  annum  diem  et  vastum  adjudicari,  contigerit, 
adeo  plene  et  integre  sicut  nos  ea  baberemus  si  prffidicta 
castra  bonores  maneria  hundreda  villas  terras  tenementa 
et  alia  loca  pra^dicta,  eidem  filio  nostro  sic  data,  in  maau 
nostra  retiuuissem us.  Ita  quod  ipse  et  dicti  bseredes  sui 
per  manus  ballivorum  et  miniBtrorum  auorum  fines  redemp- 
tiooes et  amerciamenta  bominum  et  tenendum  prfedictorum 
exitus  forisfactos,  et  omnia  quae  ad  noa  et  bseredes  nostros 
pertinere  poteruot  de  anno  die  vasto,  forisbctnrig  et 
murdris,  de  et  in  castria  honoribus  maneriie  hundredis 
villis  terris  tenementis  et  aliis  lods  preedictis  per  nos  uc 
datia  ac  eonim  feodis,  ques  coram  prsedictis  justitiariis  iti- 
nerantibuB  ad  communia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestie,  ac 
coram  dictis  aenescallo  et  marescallo  coronatore  seu  clerico 
fieri  et  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  eorumdem  jus- 
titiariorum  itinerantium  in  itioeribus  suis  et  seuescalli 
et  marescalli  et  coronatoris  ac  cleritn  in  sessionibua  buib 
eiadem  balltTis  et  ministris  inde  liberandas,  necnoa  fines 
redempdones  et  amerciamenta  hominum  et  tenentium  pre- 


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frankpledge,  hundreds,  wapentakes,  wreck,  waif  and  atrayi  wnck. 
royal  liberties  and  free  customs,  and  all  other  things  to  the 
same  castles,  honors,  manors,  biindreds,  and  other  lands, 
tenements,  and  places  howsoever  and  wheresoever  belong- 
ing.     We  have  also  granted  for  us  and  our  heirs  to  our  Fin«  ud 
same  son,  that  he  and  hie  said  heirs  may  have  all  fines,   amu, 
ransoms,  and  amercements  of  all   their  men  and  tenants 
of  and  in   the   castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns, 
lands,  tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  so  given  to 
him  by  us,  and  in  their  fees,  and  also  in  all  the  towns, 
hundreds,  and  other  places  whence  the  annual  farms  and 
rents  by  us  granted   to  him  among  the  other  lands  and 
tenements  aforesaid  do  proceed ;  and  also  forfeited  issues,  ^■^■■^  '*■ 
and  all  things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and  our  heir»  ftH"™.»». 
of  year,  day,  and  waate,  forfeitures   and  murders,  in  any 
soever  of  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,  where  such 
men   and   tenants  shall  happen   to  make  fine   or  ransom 
or  be  amerced,  or  such  issues,  murders,  forfeitures,  year, 
day,  and  waate  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  laMTar 
and  our  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  <«"<» 
before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  as  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  in  eyre 
to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  also 
before  the  justices  of  tiie  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
before  the  steward  and  marshal  and  coroner  of  the  house- 
hold of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  the  clerk  of  the  market,  and 
before  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs 
whomsoever,  as  fully  and  entirely  as  we  should  hare  them  if 
we  had  retained  in  our  hand  the  aforesud  castles,  honors, 
manors,   hundreds,  towns,   lands,    tenements,   and    other 
places  aforesaid  so  given  to  our  same  son.     So  that  he  U;j,'°J^,, 
and  bis  said  heirs  by  the  hands  of  his  bailiffs  and  ministers  ^^^ 
may  be  able  to  levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  ransoms,  ^  ■^'.m*"' 


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90 

dictorum,  ac  exitus  foriBfaotos,  et  omnia  qus  ad  nng  et 
bsered«8  aostros  pertinere  potenint  de  anno  die  et  vasto, 
forisfacturis,  et  murdris,  de  et  in  castrie  honoribus 
maneriis  bundredia  villis  terriB  tenementis  et  sliia  locis 
preadictiB  per  hob  sic  datis  ac  eorum  feodia,  quee  coram 
Dobis  et  bseredibufl  nostris,  vel  in  cancellaria  nostra  et 
bseredum  noBtrorum,  aeu  coram  tbeBaurario  et  baronibus 
nOBtris  et  haeredum  noBtrorum  de  Bcaccario,  seu  coram 
justitiariie  nostiia  et  baeredum  ooatronun  de  banco  aut 
juBtidariia  ad  assisas  capiendas  et  gaolae  deliberaodas 
sen  justidariis  ad  felonias  et  tranBgressioneB  audiendaa  et 
tenninandas  assignatia,  vel  coram  aliis  justltiariiB  seu  mi- 
nisttie  nostris  et  bierediim  nostrorum  quibuscumque  fieri 
et  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  scaccarii  nostri  et 
bferedum  noBtrorum  ballivia  et  miniatriB  dicti  filii  nostri 
et  dictorum  hEeredum  Buorum  per  manuB  ricecomitum  in 
quorum  ballivia  castra  honorea  maneria  bundreda  villae 
terrae  tenements  et  alia  loca  prsedicta,  ut  est  dictum,  per 
no8  data,  ac  eorum  feoda  exiBtunt^  inde  liberandaa,  lerare 
percipere  et  habere  posBint,  —  sine  occaaione  vel  impedi- 
mento  noBtri  vel  bferedum  noBtrorum  aul  ballivonim  seu  mi- 
niatrorum  nostrorum  quorumcumque.  £t  quod  idem  filiua 
noster  et  dicti  bieredee  sui  babeant  in  castris  honoribua 
maneriis  bundredis  vilUs  terns  tenementis  et  aliis  locis 
praedictis  per  nos  sic  datis,  ac  eorum  feodis,  catalla  felonum 
et  fugiUvorum;  ita  quod  si  qms  hominum  vel  tenentium 
suorum  aut  alii  in  locis  praedictis  vel  eorum  feodie  pro 
delicto  Buo  vitam  vel  membrum  debeant  amittere  vel 
fugerint  et  judicio  stare  noluerint,  vel  aliquod  delictum 
fecerint  pro  quo  catalla  aua  debeant  perdere  (ubicumque 
juatitia  de  eis  fieri  debeat  sive  in  curia  nostra  vel 
hffiredum  nostrorum  nve  in  aliis  curiis)  ipsa  catalla 
unt  prGefati  filii  nostri  et  dictorum  heeredum  euorum,  et 


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90 

and  ameTcements  of  the  mea  and  tenants  aforesaid,  for- 
feited issues,  and  all  things  which  to  us  and  our  heirs  can 
pertain  of  year,  day,  and  waste,  forfeitures  and  murders,  of 
and  in  the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands, 
tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given,  and  in 
their  fees, — such  as  shall  happen  to  be  made  and  adjudged 
before  the  aforesud  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas 
and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  before  the  said  steward  and 
marshal,  coroner  or  clerk,  by  estreats  of  the  same  ju^ 
tices  in  eyre  in  their  circuits,  and  of  steward  and  marshal 
and  coroner  and  clerk  in  their  sessions,  to  be  delivered 
thereof  to  the  same  baitids  and  ministers, — and  also  such 
the  fines,  ransoms,  and  amercements  of  the  aforesaid  men 
and  tenants,  and  forfeited  issues,  and  all  things  which  to 
us  and  our  heirs  can  pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  foi^ 
feitures  and  murders,  of  and  in  the  castles,  honors, 
manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other 
places  aforesiud  by  us  so  given,  and  in  their  fees,  as  shall 
happen  to  be  made  and  adjudged  before  us  and  our  heirs, 
or  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  before  the  trea- 
surer and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
or  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  common 
bench,  or  our  justices  assigned  to  take  the  assizes  and  to 
deliver  our  gaols,  or  the  justices  assigned  to  hear  and  deter- 
mine felonies  and  trespasses,  or  before  other  the  justices 
or  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  by  estreats  of 
the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs,  to  be  delivered  thereof 
to  the  bailiflk  and  ministers  of  our  sud  son  and  his 
said  heirs  by  the  hands  of  the  sheriffs  in  whose  bailiwicks 
the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  tene- 
ments, and  other  places  aforesaid  given  by  us  as  afore- 
said,  and  their  fees,  do  lie ;  without  let  or  hinderance  of 
us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  bailidb  or  ministers  whomsoever. 


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91 

liceat  eis  seu  minietris  suis  sine  occasiooe  vel  impedi- 
mento  nostri  Tel  hferedum  nostrorum  viceccmitum  et  alio- 
Tum  balliTontm  seu  miniBtrorum  nostrorum  vel  hseredum 
nofitrorum  quorumcumque  ponere  se  in  eeiunam  de  eatallis 
prsedictis  et  ea  ad  usum  dicti  fiHi  nostri  et  hseredum  buo- 
rum  retinere.  Conceseinius  etiam  prs&to  filio  noBtro  pro 
nobis  et  hseredibus  noetris  quod  ipse  et  dicti  hsredea 
Bui  habeant  in  castris  honoribus  roaneriiB  bundredis  villiB 
tenis  tenementie  et  aliis  locis  prsedictJa  dicto  filio  nostro 
sic  datis,  ac  eorum  feodis,  retorna  omnium  brevium  nos- 
trorum et  hseredum  noBtrorum  ac  eummonitionum  extrac- 
tanun  et  prceceptorum  de  scaccario  preedicto  necnon  pr»- 
ceptorum  et  extractarum  juBtitiariorum  nostrorum  et  hse- 
redum ooBtTorum  itiuersntium  tarn  ad  placita  forestae 
quam  ad  communia  placita,  et  aliorum  justiUarionun 
quorumcumque,  et  execudones  eorumdem  brevium,  sum- 
monitionum,  extractarum  et  prseceptorum  per  balliros  et 
miniBtros  suos  faciendas.  Ita  quod  nullus  vicecomea  bal- 
Htus  aut  minister  noeter  vel  heeredum  nostronim  castra 
honores  maneria  villas  terras  tenementa  et  alia  loca 
prtedicta,  ut  prsemittitur,  per  nos  data,  vel  eorum  feoda, 
ad  officia  aliqua  seu  alia  officia  sua  tangentia  facienda 
ingrediatur,  nisi  in  defectum  ipsius  filii  nostri  aut  dic~ 
torum  hseredum  vel  balliTonim  seu  miniBtrorum  Buorum. 
VolumuB  insuper  et  concedimuB  pro  nobis  et  bseredibus 
Dostris  quod  w  vicecomites  vel  balllTi  libertatum  hun- 
dredorum  seu  wapentachiorum  in  aliquibus  executionibus 
pro  eodem  filio  nostro  aut  dictis  bseredibus  suis  per  brevia 
sive  mandata  nostra,  vel  heeredum  nostrorum,  aut  quons 
alio  modo  faciendia  negligentes  fuerint  vel  remissi  per  quod 
ipaos  in  scaccario  nostro  seu  aliis  curiis  nostris  contigerit 
amerciari  vel  fines  bcere,  quod  fines  et  amerciamenta  ilia 
sint  dicti  filii  nostri  et  dictorum  hseredum  auorum,  et  ad 


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Aad  that  our  same  eon  and  hie  said  heirB  may  have  in 
the   caetles,  honors,   maDors,  hundreds,   towDB,  lands,  te- 
Dements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given,  and 
in  their  fees,  the  chattels  of  felons  and  fugitives,  so  that  ^J^'"^ 
if  any  of  their  men  or  tenants  or  others  in  the  places 
aforesaid,  or  in  their  fees,  for  their  delinquency  ought 
to  lose  life  or  limb^  or  shall  See  and  not  be  willing  to 
stand  their  trial,  or  shall  commit  any  offence  for  the  which 
they  ought  to  lose  their  chattels,  (wheresoever  justice  shall 
be  had  of  them,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or 
whether  in  other  courts,)  sudi  chattels  shall  belong  to 
oar  aforesud  son  and  his  scud  lietrs,  and  that  it  shall  be 
lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers  to   put  tbemeelreB  in 
seizin  of  the  chattels  aforesaid,  and  retain  them   to  the 
behoof  of  our  said  son  and  his  bein^  wiUiout  let  or  bin- 
derance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  our  sherifis  and  other  bailiffs 
or  ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs  whomsoever.     We  have  also  BMun  ud 
granted  to  our  aforesaid  son,  for  us  and  our   heirs,  that  "'"^"„"* 
be  and  his   said  heirs  may   bare  in  the  castles,    honors,  g^iqu"' 
manors,    hundreds,   towns,    lands,   tenements,   and   other 
places  aforesaid  so  given   to  our  said  son,  and  in   their 
fees,  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,   and  of 
summons,  estreats,  and  precepts  of  the  exchequer  afore^ 
smd,  and  also  of  the  precepts  and  estreats  of  the  justices 
of  us  and  our  heirs  in  eyre  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the 
forest  as  common  pleas,  and  of  other  justices   whomso- 
ever, and  the  execution  of  the  same  writs,  summons,  es- 
treats, and  precepts,  to  be  made  by  their  baili^  and  mi- 
nisters.    So  that  no  sheriff  buUff,  or  other   minister  of 
us   or  our  heirs  shall  enter  the  castles,   honors,  manors, 
towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us 
given  ae  is  premised,  or  their  fees,  to  perform  any  offices,  or 
other  things  touching  their  offices,  unless  in  default  of  our 


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eorum  opus  leventur.  Hib  teatibtis,  venerabilibus  patribus 
Simone  Arcbiepiscopo  CaQtuarienu  totiuB  Anglise  Primate, 
Adam  Menevensi  Cancellario,  Henrico  Wigornenu  llie- 
Baurario,  nostris,  EpiscopiB,  Edmundo  Comite  Cantabrigiro, 
Thoma  de  Wodestok  Constabulario  Angliee,  filiia  nostria 
carissimis,  Henrico  de  Perc;  Marescallo  Angliee,  Jcdtanoe 
de  Ipre  Senescallo  hosintii  nostri,  Nicholao  Carreu  Custode 
privad  sigilli  nostri,  et  aliis.  Data  per  manum  noBtram 
apud  Sbeoe  quarto  die  Juoii,  anno  regnt  aostri  Angli» 
quinquagesimo  primO)  regni  vero  nostri  Francise  tricesimo 
octavo.  NOS  autem  tarn  dictam  cartam  indentataoi  quam 
dicCam  aliam  cartam,  ac  omnes  donationeB  concesBioneB  et 
omnia  alia  in  eiadem  cartiB  contenta  pro  nobis  et  hseredi- 
bus  noBtris,  tenore  prsesentjum,  ratificamuB  et  confinnamus, 
juxta  (enorem  et  eflfectum  cartarum  aupradtctanim.  In 
cujus  rei  testimonium  has  literaa  nostras  fieri  fecimua  pa- 
tentes.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Westmonasterium,  quintod»- 
(nmo  die  Septembris,  anno  regni  nostri  primo. 

^©^  autem  donationes,  concessiones,  confirmaUoneS} 
libertates,  francfaesiaa  et  quietantias  pnedictas,  ac  omnia  alia 
et  singula  in  dictis  cartis  et  literis  contenta,  rata  babentes  et 
grata,  ea,  pro  nobis  et  bteredibus  nostris,  quantum  in  nobis 
est,  de  gratia  nostra  speciali  acceptamus,  approbamue,  et 
prsefato  Duci  et  faseredibus  auis  prasdictis  imperpetuum, 
tenore  priesentium,  concedimus  et  confirmamus,  sicut  cartae 
et  literse  supradictte  rationabiliter  testantur.  Frfeterea  to. 
lentes  eidem  Duci  gratiam  in  bac  parte  facere  ampliorem 
de  gratia  nostra  speciali  concessimus  pro  nobis  et  bseredibus 
nostris,  et  bac  carta  nostra  confirmavimus  quod  licet  ipse 
aliqua  vel  aliquibus  donationum,  conceB»onum,  confirma- 
tionum,  libertatum,  francbesiarum  et  quietantiarum,  aut 
aliorum  in  dictis  cartis  et  Uteris  contentomm,  aliquo 
caau   emergente,   hactenus    plene  usus   non  fuerit,   idem 


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»3 

Mine  SOD  or  his  said  heirs,  or  of  their  bulifiB  or  ministers. 
And  fnrthennore  we  will  and  grant,  for  us  and  our  said  piiMiud 
heirs,  that  if  the  Bheri%  or  hailifis  of  liberties,  hundreds,  or  minunf 
wapentakes  be  negligent  or  remiss  m  making  any  execu-  ^^  ^*'' 
tions  for -our  same  son  or  his  said  heirs,  by  writs  or  man.  "•"•""■ 
dates  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any  other  wise,  whereby  it 
shall  happen  that  they  be  amerced  or  make  fines  in  our 
exchequer  or  in  other  our  courts,  such  fines  and  amerce- 
ments shall  belong  to  our  said  son  and  his  said  heirs, 
and  may  be  levied  to  their  behoof.  These  being  wit- 
nesses, the  venerable  fathers,  Simon  Archbishop  of  Can- 
terbury, Primate  of  all  Eogland ;  Adam  Bishop  of  St. 
David's,  our  Chancellor;  Henry  Bishop  of  Worcester, 
our  Treasurer ;  Edmund  Earl  of  Cambridge,  and  Thomas 
of  Woodstock,  Constable  of  England,  our  most  dear  sons ; 
Henry  de  Percy,  Marshal  of  England;  John  de  Ipr^ 
Steward  of  our  household;  Nicholas  Carreu,  Keeper  of 
OUT  privy  seal,  and  others.  Given  under  our  hand  at 
Sheen,  on  the  fourth  day  of  June,  in  the  fifty>6rst 
year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and  the  thirty-eighth  of 
our  reign  of  France.  AND  we,  as  well  the  said  charter 
indented  as  the  sud  other  charter,  and  all  the  donations, 
grants,  and  all  other  things  in  the  same  charters  con- 
tained, for  us  and  our  heirs  by  the  tenor  of  these  presents 
do  ratify  and  confirm  according  to  the  tenor  and  effect  of 
the  charters  abovesaid.  In  witness  whereof  we  have  caused 
these  our  letters  to  be  made  patent  Witness  ourself  at 
Westminster,  on  the  fifteenth  day  of  September,  in  the 
first  year  of  our  reign. 

AMIO)  we,  ratifying  and  approving  the  donations,  grants,  conMnuUm 
confirmations,  liberties,  franchises,  and  acquittances  afore-  ncjtMr 
said,  and  all  and  singular  other  the  things  in  the  said  charters 
and  letters  contuned,  do,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  as  far  as  in 


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93 

tamen  Dux  et  hseredeB  Bui  prsedicti  dooationibus,  coacea- 
eioaibus,  confirmationibuB,  Ubertatibus,  francheaiis  et  quie- 
tantiis,  ac  omnibiis  aliis  et  singulis  in  cartiB  et  liteiia 
I^tedictia,  ut  prsmittitur,  contentis,  et  eorum  quolibet  de- 
CEctero  plene  gaudeant  et  utantur  imperpetuum,  sine  occa- 
sione  vel  impedimeoto  nostri  vel  bseredum  noEtTorum,  justi- 
tiarionim,  escaetorum,  Ttcecomitum  aut  alionim  ballivorum 
seu  miniBtrorum  nostrorum  vel  baaredum  Dostrorum  quo- 
nuncumque.  Et  ulterius,  ad  probitatem  strenuam  et  e^ 
pientiam  exceltentissimam  ac  alios  multiplices  mores  et 
merita  pnefati  avuoculi  noBtri,  qui  nuiliB  cedeas  laboribus 
vel  expeuBJe,  ae  tam  in  consiliis  obsequiiB  et  aliis  agendis 
nobis  et  toH  regno  nostro  fructu(»is  et  honorificis  semper 
retroactis  temporibus  obsequiosum  pariter  et  paratum  ex- 
hibuit  et  exhibet  indefease,  condignam  conatderaUoDem 
babentes,  et  volentes,  prffimiasorum  intuitu,  prae&tum 
avunculum  nostrum,  qui  prse  ceeteiis  in  sapienUa,  strenui- 
tate  et  bonore  nobis  et  regno  nostro  prsedicto  maxime 
ralere  et  locum  potiorem  tenere  potest,  gratiis  et  favori- 
bus  ampUoribus  prserogare,  de  uberiori  gratia  nostra,  pro 
majori  eecuritate  ipsius  Ducis  avunculi  nostri,  dedaramua, 
concedimus,  et  confinnamus,  pro  nobis  et  hieredibus  nos- 
tris,  preehto  Dud,  quod  ipse  ad  totam  vitam  Buam  habeat 
omnee  fines  pro  traoegressione  et  aliU  malefactia  quibus- 
cumque ;  ac  etiam  fines  pro  licentia  concordandi,  et  omni- 
modos  alios  fines,  redemptiones,  et  amerciamenta,  ex  qua- 
cumque  causa  et  per  quamcumque  causam  provenieiilia, 
necnon  exitus  forisfactos  de  omnibuB  bominibus  et  tenenUbus 
de  et  in  terris  et  feodis  prsedicti  Ducie,  et  de  omnibua  infra 
eadem  terras  et  feoda  restdentibus,  quanquam  iidem  bo- 
miues,  tenentes,  seu  residentes,  miniBtri  nostri  vel  bseredum 
nostrorum  existanL  Et  quod  idem  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam 
habeat  quaecumque  forisfacturas  annum  diem  vastum  et 


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98 

us  lies,  of  our  especial  grace  accept  and  approve  the  same» 
and  do  grant  and  confirm  them  by  the  tenor  of  these  pre- 
sentB  to  the  aforesaid  Duke  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  for  ever, 
as  the  charters  and  letters  abovesaid  reasonahlj'  do  wit- 
ness.    Willing,  moreover,  to  shew  the  same  Duke  more  ^^'^ 
ample  fiivor  in  this  behalf  we  have  granted  of  our  eape-  md-dut, 
cial  grace  for  us  and  our  heirs,  and  by  this  our  charter 
have  confirmed,  that  albeit,  any  case  arising  he  have  not 
hitherto  fully   used  any  one   or  more  of  the  donadons, 
grants,  confirmations,  liberties,  franchises  and  acquittances^ 
or  other  things  in  the  said  charters  and  letters  contained, 
nevertheless  the  same  Duke  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  may 
henceforth  fiilly  enjoy  and  use  for  ever  the  donations, 
grants,  confirmations,  libertie%  franchises,  and  acquittances, 
and  all  and  singular  other  the  things  contained  in  the  char- 
ters and  letters  aforesaid,  as  is  premised,  and  every  of  wuiuDtM 
them,  without  let  or  hinderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  the  !|^,i|^>'* 
justices,  escheators,  sherifi,  or  other  bailiffi  or  ministeTs  nini'»'«- 
of  us  or  our  heirs  whomsoever.      And  furthermore,  hav-  ""I""* 
ing  condign  consideration  of  the  strenuous  goodness  and  ^1^*3^ 
most  excellent   wisdom,  and  other  manifold   merits  and  •*°'>™' 
good  demeanour  of  our  aforesaid  uncle,  who  yielding  to 
no  labors  or  expenses  hath  ever  in  times  past  proved  him- 
self, and  yet  unweariedly  proves  himself,  equally  ready  and 
compliant  in  giving  bis  counsel,  and  in  the  performance  of 
other  duties  profitable  and  honorable  to  us  and  our  whole 
realm,  and  beiug  desirous  in  regard  of  the  premises  to 
endow  with  ampler  favors  and  grace  our  aforesaid  uncle, 
who,  far  beyond  others  in  wisdom,  prowess,  and  honor, 
is  able  to  avail  and  stand  us  and  our  realm  aforesaid   in 
better  stead,   do,  of   our  more  abundant  grace,  for  the 
greater  security  of  the  same  Duke  our  uncle,  declare,  grant,  r«  tarm  «f 
and  confirm  for  us  and  our  hein  to  the  aforesaid  Duke,  Dukioruu- 


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94 

estreppamentum,  et  qmcquid  «d  nos  vel  hsBredee  noetros 
perdnere  poterit  de  anno  die  vasto  et  eatreppameato,  fo- 
riB&u^ur'iB  et  murdris,  iafta  terraa  et  feoda  prsedicta,  in 
quibuscumque  cuiiis  nostris  et  hseredum  noetrorum  sive  in 
quacumque  curia  alterius,  coDtJgerit  quod  pmdicti  homi- 
nes, tenentes,  seu  residentes  facient  fines  vel  erunt  smer- 
ciati,  Tel  exituB  forisfacient,  Beu  quc»d  prsedicta  annus  dies 
vaetum  et  estreppameutum,  foriafactura  vel  murdrum,  ad> 
judicata  erunt,  tam  in  prsesentia  noBtra  et  hseredum  nostro- 
rum,  quam  in  absentia  nostra  et  bsredum  nostronim,  et 
tam  coram  nobis  et  heeredibua  nostris,  et  in  cancellaria  nostra 
et  haeredum  nostronim,  ac  coram  tbesanrario  et  baronibus 
de  scaccario  nostro  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  et  coram  justitia- 
riis  nostris  et  hseredum  nostrorum  de  commuoi  banco,  necnon 
coram  senescallo  et  mareecallis  seu  coram  coronatore  hospitii 
noBtri  et  hseredum  nostrorum  vel  clerico  mercati,  qui  pro 
tempore  erunt,  et  iu  aliie  curiie  nostris  et  beeredum  nostro- 
rum, quam  coram  justitiariis  uostris  itinerantibus  ad  com- 
munia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestee,  justitiariis  ad  assisas 
capiendas  et  gaolas  deliberandas,  ac  coram  quibuscumque 
aliiB  justitiariis  et  miuistris  nostris  et  hseredum  noatrorum, 
tam  in  prsesentia  nostra  et  hGereduro  nostrorum,  quam  in 
absentia  nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  adeo  plene  et  integre 
sicut  nos  vel  hseredes  nostri  ea  baberemus  si  ilia  prrohto 
Duci  Don  concessiasemus.  Ita  quod  prsedictus  Dux  per 
manua  balltvorum  et  aliorum  mintBtrorum  suorum  levare, 
percipere,  et  habere  possit,  fines,  redemptiones,  et  amercia* 
menta  ipsomm  hominum  tenendum  et  residenlium  de  et  in 
terns  et  feodis  preedictis,  exitus  foriafactoa,  et  quicquid  ad 
nos  vel  bseredes  nostroa  pertinere  poterit  de  anno  die  vasto 
eetreppamento,  fbrisfacturia  et  murdria,  de  et  in  tenia  et 
feodia  praadictis,  quse  coram  dictis  justitiariis  itinerantibus 
ad  communia  placita  et  ad  placita  forests,  ac  coram  pree- 


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94 

that  he  for  the  whole  of  hia  life  may  have  all  fines  for  tre»-  {[^J^ 
pass  and  other  misdeedB  whatsoever,  and  also  fines  for  li-  fl^i'^1,^^ 
cence  to  agree,  and  all  manner  of  other  fines,  raneoms,  and  ^^^*' 
amercements,  Irom  whatever  cause  and  through  whatever  hiudkHui 
cause  pToceedingi   and  aleo  forfeited  issues  in  respect  of 
all  the  men  and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  of 
the  aforesaid  Duke,  and  in  respect  of  all  resiants  within 
the  same  lands  and  fees,  albeit  the  same  men,  tenants,  or 
resiants  be  ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs.     And  that  the  purhiiur». 
same  Duke,  for  the  whole  of  his  life,  may  have  all  manner  »»  «■«• 
of  forfeitures,  year,  day,  waste,  and  estrepement,  and  what- 
ever to  U9  or  our  beirs  can  pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  and 
estrepement,  forfeitures  and  murders,  within  the  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid,  in  what  courts  soever,  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  lupoador 
in  whatever  court  of  any  other  it  may  happen  that  the  "r*™"- 
aforesiud  men,  tenants,  or  resiants  shall  make  fines  or  be 
amerced  or  forfeit  issues,  or  that  the  aforesaid  year,  day, 
waste,  and  estrepement,  forfeiture  or  murder,  be  adjudged 
— as  well  in  presence  of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  us 
and  our  beirs,  and  as  well  before  us  and  our  beire,  and  in 
the  chancery  of  US  and  oar  heirs,  and  before  the  treasurer 
and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  ua  and  our  heirs,  and  be- 
fore the  justices  of  the  common  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  also  before  the  steward  and  marshals,  or  before  the 
coroner  of  the  household,  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  Uie  derk 
of  the  market  for  the  time  being,  and  in  other  the  courts 
of  us  and  our  faeirs,  as  before  our  justices  in  eyre  to  hold 
common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the  forest,  our  justices  assigned 
to  take  the  asaizee  and  to  deliver  our  gaols,  and  before  all 
other  justices  and  ministers  of  us  and  our  beirs  whomso- 
ever, as  well  in  presence  of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  absence 
(^  U8  and  our  heirs, — as  fully  and  entirely  as  we  or  our  ■•  tuny  ■• 
heirs  would  have  them  if  we  hod  not  granted  tbem  to  the 


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95 

dicUs  seoescallo  et  marescalliB  coronatore  rel  clerico  iner- 
cati,  fieri  seu  odjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  eorum- 
dem  justitiariorum  itiaer&ntium  in  itineribuB  biub,  ac  prae- 
dictorum  senescalli  marescallorum  coronatoris  et  clerici  in 
sessionibuB  suis,  ballms  et  roiniBtriB  prsedicti  Duds  inde 
liberandas;  ac  eUam  fines,  redemptionee,  et  amerciamen- 
ta  de  homiaibua  tenentibuB  et  reBidentibua  prsdictis,  ac 
exitUB  forisfactos,  et  omnia  quae  ad  noe  vel  hKredes  nostros 
pertinere  potemnt  de  anno  die  vaeto  estreppameato,  foria- 
facturiB  et  murdris,  de  et  in  term  et  feodis  prEedictiB,  qtin 
coram  nobis  vel  heeredibus  Dostrie,  vel  in  cancellazia  nostra 
et  beeredam  noetrorum,  bou  coram  thcBaurario  et  baronibus 
de  Bcaccario  noatro  et  hieredum  nostrornm,  vel  coram  jus- 
titiariia  nostriB  et  hKredum  nostrorum  de  communi  banco, 
Bive  coram  justitiariis  ad  aesiBaB  capiendas  et  gaolaB  de- 
liberandas,  aut  justitJariia  ad  transgreasionee  et  felouias 
audiendaa  et  terminandaa  aseignatie,  bcu  coram  aliis  juad- 
tiariia  vel  ministris  noetris  quibuscumque  et  hsredum  no8> 
trorum,  fieri  vel  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  de  scac- 
carlo  noatro  et  bjeredum  nostrorum,  ballivis  et  ministrifl 
praefati  Ducis,  per  manus  vicecomitum  in  quorum  ballivis 
dicta  terrie  et  feoda  existunt,  inde  liberandas; — une  occa- 
sione  vel  impedimento  nostri  vel  bseredum  nostrorum,  jus- 
titiariorum, vicecomitum,  escaetorum,  aut  aliorum  mini», 
trorum  nostrorum  et  bseredum  nostrorum  quorumcumque. 
Et  quod  pmdictua  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  Buam  per  se  et 
miniatroB  sikw  in  omnibus  teniB  et  feodis  prsdictis,  tam 
in  prffisenda  nostra  et  bseredum  nostrorum  quam  in  al>- 
sentia  nostra  et  bseredum  nostrorum,  facial  et  babeat 
assaiam  et  asnsam  panis  vini  et  cervisiffi  et  omnimodorum 
aliorum  victualium  quorumcumque  ac  aliorum  ad  offidum 
clerici  de  mercato  nostri  et  bEcredum  nostrorum  pertinen- 
tium,  cum  punitione  eorumdem  quodens  et  quando  expe- 


.y  Google 


95 

sTores^d  Duke.  So  that  the  aforesaid  Duke  by  the  haiids  ^"^^*„, 
of  his  buli£b  and  other  minietere  may  be  able  to  levy,  pei^  ™*a^«h 
ceire,  and  have  the  fines,  ranaoms,  and  amercements  of  the  ^  dSiKred" 
same  men,  tenants,  and  resiants  of  and  in  the  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid,  forfeited  issues,  and  whatever  to  us  or  our 
heirs  can  pertain  of  year,  day,  and  waste,  estrepement,  for- 
feitures, and  murders,  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  afore- 
said, which  ahall  happen  to  be  made  or  adjudged  before 
the  said  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas 
of  the  forest,  and  before  the  aforesaid  steward  and  mar- 
shals, coroner,  or  clerk  of  the  market,  by  estreats  of  the 
same  justices  in  eyre  in  their  circuits,  and  of  the  aforesaid 
steward,  marshals,  coroner,  and  clerk,  in  their  sessions, 
to  be  delivered  thereof  to  the  bwli^  and  ministers  of  the 
aforesaid  Duke ;  and  also  the  fines,  ransoms,  and  amerce- 
ments of  the  aforesaid  men,  tenants,  and  resiants,  and  for- 
feited issues,  and  all  things  which  to  us  or  our  heirs  can 
pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  estrepement,  forfeitures,  and 
murders,  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  which 
shall  happen  to  be  made  or  adjudged  before  us  or  our 
heirs,  or  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  before 
the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and 
our  heiis,  or  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  of 
the  common  bench,  or  before  our  justices  assigned  to 
take  the  assizes  and  to  deliver  our  gaols,  or  the  justices 
assigned  to  hear  and  determine  trespasses  and  felonies, 
or  before  other  the  juBtit^s  or  ministers  of  us  and  our 
heirs  whomsoever,  by  estreats  of  the  exchequer  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  to  be  delivered  thereof  to  the  bailiffs  and 
ministers  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  by  the  bands  of  the  sberilb 
in  whose  bailiwicks  the  said  lands  and  fees  do  lie ; — without  wuhoat  to 
let  or  binderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  justices,  xtng'i 
afaerifia,  escbeators,  or  other  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs 


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diens  fuerit  et  necesee :  ac  etiam  habeat  et  perapiat  fines 
amerciamenta  et  redemptioneB  ac  omaimoda  proficua  inde 
provenientia;  ita  quod  clericua  mercati  nostri  et  hjeredum 
Qostroram  non  ingrediatur  dicta  terras  vel  feoda  pro  aliqui- 
buB  ad  o£Bcium  suum  pertinentibus  faciendis  seu  ezercendi». 
Kc  quod  pnedictus  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam  babeat  catalla 
fugitivorum  et  felooum  tarn  felouum  de  se  quam  aliorum 
quorumcumque  ac  utlagatorutn  ex  quacumque  causa  omni- 
um bominum  et  tenendum  de  et  in  terns  et  feodis  prse- 
dictis,  necnon  omnium  reBidentium  infra  eadem  terras  et 
feoda,  quanquam  iidem  bomines  tenentes  aut  reudentes 
miniatri  nostri  vel  bsredum  nostrorum  existant:  ita  quod 
a  aliquis  bominum  et  tenentium  de  et  in  terrig  et  feodis 
pnedictiB  seu  aliquis  residentium  io  dictis  terris  et  feodis, 
aut  aUquis  alius  in  eiadem  terris  et  feodis,  pro  aliquo  euo 
malefacto  quocumque  debeat  vitam  vel  membrum  amittere, 
seu  fugiat,  et  judicio  stare  noluerit,  aut  aliquam  aliam 
transgressionem  fadat  pro  qua  ipee  debet  perdere  catalla 
sua,  (in  quo  loco  justitia  de  eo  fieri  debeat,  sivc  in  curia 
nostra  et  hseredun)  nostrorum  vel  in  aliiB  curiis,)  catalla 
ilia  sint  prsedicti  DucIb:  et  quod  liceat  ei  seu  ministris 
suis  ponere  se  in  seUiaam  dictorum  catallorum  et  eadem 
catalla  ad  opua  prsefati  Ducie  retinere ; — »ne  occasione  vel 
impedimeoto  nostri  vel  lueredum  nostrorum,  vtcecomitum, 
escaetorum,  aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  miiuatrorum  nos- 
trorum et  baeredum  nostrorum  quorumcumque.  Et  quod 
prteftitus  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam  habeat  retoma  omnium 
brevium  nostrorum  et  baeredum  nostrorum,  necnon  sum- 
monitioDum  extractarum  et  prsceptorum  de  scaccario  nostro, 
et  de  ecaccario  bseredum  nostrorum,  ac  extractarum  et  pne- 
ceptorum  justitiariorum  nostrorum  et  bieredum  nostrorum 
itinerantium  tam  ad  pladta  forestse  quam  ad  communia 
pladta,  ac  aliorum  justitiariorum  quorumcumque,  necnon. 


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whomsoever.     And  that  the  aforesaid  Duke,  for  the  whole  ^f*»»i"' 
of  his  life,  by  himBelf  and  his  ministers,  in  all  the  lands  ^^lolHf,» 
and  fees  aforesaid,  as  well  in  presence  of  us  aod  our  beira  tJuu^"^ 
as  in  absence  of  us  and  our  heirs,  may  make  and  have  mlikM. 
the  assay  and  assize  of  bread,  wine,  and  ale,  and  of  all 
manner  of  other  victuals  whatsoever,  and  of  other  things 
perttuning  to  the  office  of  tiie  clerk  of  the  market  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  together  with  the  punishment  thereof  when- 
ever and  BO  often  as  it  shall  be  necessary  and  expedient; 
and  also  that  he  may  have  and  perceive  the  fines,  amerce- 
ments, and  ransoms,  and  all  manner  of  profits  thence  pro- 
ceeding, so  that  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  us  and  our  beira 
shall  not  enter  the  said  lands  or  fees  to  do  or  exercise  any 
matters  pertaining  to  bis  office.      And  that  the  aforesaid  chutchsr 
Duke,  for  the  whole  of  bis  life,  may  have  the  chattels  of  rugiuv». 
fugitives   and  felons,  as  well  felons  of  themselves  as  of 
others  whomsoever,  and  of  outlaws  for  any  cause  soever, 
of  all  the  men  and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees 
aforesaid,  and  also  of  all  resiants  within  the  same  lands 
and   fees,   albeit   the   same   men,  tenants   or  resiants   be 
ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs,  so  that  if  any  of  the  men 
and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  or  any 
of  the  resiants  in  the  said  lands  and  fees,  or  any  other 
person  in  the  same  lands  and  fees,  for  any  misdeed  wbat- 
eoever,  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb,  or  shall  fiee  and  not  he 
willing  to  stand  their  trial,  or  shall  commit  any  other  tres- 
pass for  the  which  they  ought  to  lose  their  chattels  (in 
whatsoever  place  justice  shall  be  had  of  them,  whether  in 
the  court  of  us  and  our  heirs  or  in  other  courts),  such 
chattels  shall  belong  to  the  aforesaid  Duke :  And  that  it  Hir  iti» 
shall  he  lawful  for  him  or  his  ministers  to  put  themselves  in  viihiwtiM 
seizin  of  the  said  chattels,  and  the  same  chattels  to  retain  ^^^'  ^ 
to  the  behoof  of  the  aforesaid  Duke; — without  let  or  hin-  "'*""■ 


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97 

attachiamenta  tam  de  pladtie  coronse  quam  aliorum  in  omai- 
bus  terris  et  feodie  pnedicds.  Et  quod  praKlictus  Dux  ad 
totam  vitam  Buam  per  Be  et  per  ballivoB  et  miniBtroB  auos 
habeat  in  eudem  terrie  et  feodia  executioiiem  eorumdem 
breviuin  aummoDitionum  eztractarum  et  prsceptorum.  Ita 
quod  nullua  vicecomeB  ballirua  seu  alius  minister  aoster 
Tel  hBsredum  uoatrorum  pr^edicta  teiraa  et  feoda  ingredia- 
tur  pro  aliquo  officio  vel  aliqua  re  officium  auum  taugen- 
te  feciendo,  aiai  in  defectu  ipsius  Ducis  vel  tniiiistrorum 
auorum.  Et  ulterius  conce^mus  et  hac  carta  nostra  con- 
firmaTimua  pro  nobia  et  dictis  heredibua  nostris  quod  A 
vicecomitee  vel  ballivi  libertatum  bundredorum  aeu  vapen- 
tacfaionim,  in  aliquibus  executiouibus  pro  preedicto  Duce, 
per  brevia  seu  mandata  nostra  vel  faaBredum  noatrorum* 
seu  aliquo  alio  modo,  faciendis,  negligentes  fuerint  vel 
remisai,  per  quod  continent  ipeos  amerdari  aut  finea  facere 
ID  Bcaccario  vel  in  aliia  curiia  noatria  et  bseredum  noatro- 
rum, bujuamodi  fines  et  amermmenta  sint  praefati  Ducie^ 
et  quod  leventur  ad  opua  ipaiua  Ducis  per  miniatroa  auos 
aupradictoa,  durante  vita  sua.  Et  quod  prKdictua  Dux  ad 
totam  vitam  suam  habeat  infra  omnia  prsdicta  terras  et 
feoda  omnimoda  catalla  vocata  wayf  et  stray,  deodanda» 
theaaurum  inventum  ac  alias  rea  vel  catalla  inventa;  et 
quod  ipse  per  ae  et  miniatroa  auoa  seisire  et  capere  possit 
ad  voluntatem  auam  ad  opus  praedicti  Duds,  vayh  et 
atrayes,  deodanda,  tbeaaurum  inventum  ac  alia  iuventa 
aupradicta.  Et  quod  pradictus  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam 
habeat  qusecumque  bona  et  catalla  vocata  maauopera  cap- 
ta  vel  capienda  cum  quacumque  persona  infra  terras  et 
feoda  preedicta,  ac  per  eandem  personam  coram  quocum- 
que  judice  deadrocata.  Salvia  aemper  et  reaervatia  prsefabo 
Dud,  et  hteredibua  aula  prsedictis,  omnimodis  aliia  privi- 
legiis,  immunitatibuB,  et  quietandis,  eis,  per  noa  aut  per 


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derance  of  ub  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sheriSB,  eBcheators, 
or  other  bailiflB  or  ministers  of  ub  and  our  heirs  whomso- 
ever.     Aod  that  the  aforesaid  Duke,  for  die  whole  of  his  Rdun  ud 
life,  may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  aod  our  heirs,  *'•''•  «"■- 
and  also  of  summons,  estreats,   and  precepts,  of  oar  ex-  ^^^^™' 
chequer  and  of  the  exchequer  of  our  Jieire,  and  of  the 
estreats  and  precepts  of  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs 
in  eyre  to  hold  as   well  pleas  of  the  forest   as  common 
pleas,  and  of  other  justices  whomsoever,  and  also  the  at-  Aiucfament 
tachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  as  of  others  in  ""««""n- 
all  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.      And   that   the  afore- 
sidd  Duke,  for  the  whole  of  bis  life,  by  himself  and  by  bis 
bulifb  and  ministers  may  have  in  the  same  lands  and  fees 
the  execution  of  the  same  write,  summons,  estreats,  and 
precepts,  so  that  no  sheriff,   bailiff,  or  other  minister  of  NsitwriffoT 
us  or  our  heirs  shall  enter  the  aforesaid  lands  and  fees  to  ''"•*  ''"■' 

mjlj  UlUVEpjFi 

perform  any  office,  or  anytliing  touching  his  office,  unless  J^'™*"  **' 

in  default  of  the  same  Duke  or  his  ministers.     And  fur.  pi„„  „i 

tbermore  we  do  grant,  and  by  this  our  charter  have  con-  ™^!^ar 

firmed,  for  ns  and  our  sud  heirs,  that  if  the  sherifis  or  wiinot 

bailifis  of  liberties,  hundreds,  or  wapentakes  be  negligent  ■>*ti'i«>«- 

or  remiss  in  making  any  executions  for  the  aforesaid  Duke 

by  writs  or  mandates  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any  other 

wise  whereby  it  shall   happen   that   they  be   amerced  or 

make  fines  in  the  exchequer  or  in  other  the  courts  of  as 

and  our  heirs,  such  fines  and  amercements  shall  belong 

to  the  aforesaid  Duke,  and  that  they  may  be  levied  to  the 

behoof  of  the  same  Duke  by  bis  ministers  abovesaid  dur> 

ing  his  life.    And  that  the  aforesaid  Duke,  for  tbe  whole  of  wijitud 

his  life,  may  have  within  all  the  aforesaid  lands  and  fees 

all  manner  of  chattels  called  wayf  and   stray,  deodands,  Dwiaat. 

treasure  trove,  and  other  things  or  chattels  found;  and  Trunn 

that  he  by  himself  and  bis  ministers  may  be  able  to  seize 


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dictum  arum  nostrum,  datis  conces^s  seu  confirmatis.  Hiis 
testibua,  venerabilibue  patribus  Willielmo  Cantuariensi  to- 
tius  Angliffi  Primate,  Thoma  Eboracensi  Angliee  Primate, 
Cancellario  nostro,  ArchiepiscopiB,  Roberto  Londiaenai,  Ro- 
berto GceBtrenBi,TidemaDWigorneDBi,Epiacopis,  Edmimdo 
EbOTUm,  Thoma  QlouceEtneB,  Ducibus,  avunculis  nostrie  ca- 
rissimiB,  Edwardo  Rotelandee,  Ricardo  Arundellue,  Thoma 
Mareecallo  et  Notingbamise,  Henrico  Northumbriie,  Comi- 
tibus,  Rogero  Walden  Thesaurario  noBtro,  Thoma  de  Percy 
Seneflcallo  hospitii  nostri,  Guidone  Mone  Custode  privati 
sigilli  nostri,  et  aliis.  Data  per  manum  nostram  apud 
Westmonasterium  vicesimo  nono  die  Junii,  anno  regni 
nostri  viceeimo. 

Per  ipsum  Regem. 


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Rnd  take  at  their  pleasure,  to  the  behoof  of  the  aforeeaid 
Duke,  the  wayfe  and  sb-ays,  deodaode,  treasure  trove,  and 
other  things  found  as  aboveaaid.  And  that  the  aforesaid  utinw. 
Duke,  for  the  vhole  of  bia  life,  may  have  all  manner 
of  goods  and  chattels  called  Munour,  taken  or  to  be 
taken  upon  any  peiBon  soever  within  the  lands  and  fees 
aforesaid,  and  by  the  same  person  disclumed  before  any 
judge  soever;  saving  always  and  reserved  to  the  aforesaid  ?*T^^ 
Duke  and  bis  heirs  aforesaid  all  manner  of  other  privileges,  J™'^,  " 
immunities,  and  acquittances,  given,  granted,  or  confirmed 
to  them  by  us  or  by  our  said  grandfather.  These  being 
witnesses,  the  venerable  Others,  William  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England ;  Thomas  Archbishop 
of  York,  Primate  of  England,  our  Chancellor;  Robert 
Bishop  of  London;  Robert  Bishop  of  Chichester;  Tideman 
Bishop  of  Worcester ;  Edmund  Duke  of  York,  and  Tho- 
mas Duke  of  Gloucester,  our  most  dear  uncles;  Edward 
Earl  of  Rutland ;  Richard  Eari  of  Arundel ;  Thomas  Earl 
Marshal  and  of  Nottingham;  Henry  Earl  of  Northum- 
berland ;  Roger  Walden,  our  Treasurer ;  Thomas  de  Percy, 
etevard  of  our  household;  Ouy  Mone,  Keeper  of  our 
privy  seal;  and  others.  Given  Under  our  hand  at  West- 
minster, on  the  twenty-mntfa  day  of  June,  in  the  twenUeth 
year  of  our  reign. 

By  the  King  himself. 


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XVI. 
Be  declarations  intentionis  Regis. 

pENRICUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliie  et  Francie 
et  DominuB  Hibernis  omnibuB  ad  quos  prse- 
sentee  liters)  perveDerint  salutem.  Sriatis 
quod  cum  noa  Duper,  antequam  ad  statum 
regium  aspiravimue,  habuerimue  et  tenuerimus  ac  in  pr»- 
eenti  habeamua  et  teneamua  per  legem  Angliie  diversa 
hoDorea,  castra*  hundreda,  commota,  maneria,  terras,  te- 
nemental annuitatee,  feoda,  advocationes,  ac  plura  alia 
poseeesionea  et  dominia  de  hsreditate  Marise,  unius  fili- 
arum  et  hieredum  Humfridi  de  Bohun  nuper  comitis  Here- 
fordise,  Eesexise,  et  NorthamptontK,  et  Constabularu  Ao- 
glise,  nuper  consortia  nostrsa  defunct» :  Noa,  volentes 
dicta  bonores,  castra,  hundreda,  commota,  maneria,  terras, 
tenements,  annuitatee,  feoda,  advocation ea,  posaee^oneB 
et  dominia,  cum  juribua  libertatibua  Irancbeeiie  et  U- 
beria  consuetudinibus  auis  quibuscunque,  eiadem  modo 
forma  conditione  et  statu  quibuB  ea  [ante]  adeptionem 
status  nostri  regii  habuimus  et  tenuimua,  nobis  ad  ter- 
minum  vit«e  nostrse  plenarie  et  integre  conserrari  con- 
tinuari  et  baberi,  volumus  ac  tenore  preesentium,  ex  certa 
scientia  nostra,  concedimus  declaramuB  et  ordinamua  quod 
bonores,  castra,  bundreda,  commota,  maneria,  terree,  tene- 
menta,  annuitates,  feoda,  advocationes,  posBessionee  et  do- 
minia pnedicta  cum  juribus  libertatibuB  franchesiia  et 
libertB  consuetudinibua  auis  pr^ictis,  taliter  et  tali  modo 
et  per  tales  officiarios  et  ministroa  in  omnibus  deducantur, 
gubementur,  et pertractentur,sicut  deduci,gubemari,  et  per- 


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XVL 

A  Declaration  of  the  Kino's  intention.* 

nENRY,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  u<ii  oct. 
and  France   and   Lord  of  Ireland,   to   all   to  ^-o- >>«)>- 
whom  the   present  letters  shall   come,  greet- 
ing.    Know  ye,  that  whereas  we  lately,  before  Bnitii  tim 
wc  aspired  to  the  regal  estate,  did  have  and  hold,  and  iitid«niin 
do  at  this  present  have  and  hold,  by  the  law  of  England,  [^'^''^''^f,'' 
diverB  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  t^JfX'iy 
tenements,  annuiUes,  fees,  advowsons,  and  many  other  pos-     '  '^'"'' 
sessioiiH  and  lordahipe  of  the  heritage  of  Mary,  one  of  the 
daughters  and  «^irs  of  Humphrey  de  Bobun,  late  Earl  of 
Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northampton,  and  Constable  of  Eng- 
land, our  late  consort  deceased :  We,  willing  that  the  said 
honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tene- 
ments, annuities,  fees,  advowsons,  possessions,  and  lord- 
ships, with  their  rights,  liberties,  franchises,  and  free  cus- 
toms whataoever,  in  the  same  manner,  form,  state,  and 
condition   in   which   we   had   and  held  them    before   we 
obtained  our  royal  estate,  be  fully  and  entirely  continued, 
kept,  and  had  to  us  for  the  term  of  our  life,  do  will,  and  D«i>niida 
by  the  tenor  of  these  presents  of  our  certain  knowledge  ^"^^y^ 
do   grant,  declare,  and  ordain,   that  the   honors,   castles,  J;,""J|E** 
hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  annuities,  n„i  gbtSuwd 
fees,  advowsons,  possessions,  and  lordships  aforesaid,  with 
their  rights,  liberties,  franchises,  and  free  customs  aforesaid, 
so  and  in  such  wise,  and  by  such  officers  and  ministers, 

•  Tlic   origiiinl  Clifttti'r   docs  jiot   now  I'xisI  in  llic  archivra  of  llie 
Diicliy  of  LancM»t(^r. 


idb,  Google 


100 

tractari  deberent,  Bi  ad  culmen  dignitatis  regiee  assumpti 
minime  fuisaemus :  Volentes  ulterius  et  concedentee,  ac  ex 
certa  acientia  nostra  pleuarie  decUranles,  quod  uDiverBi  et 
singuli  liberi  tenentes  nostri  de  honoribus,  castris,  bun- 
dredis,  commotis,  maneriis,  teiris,  tenementis,  feodis,  pos- 
aeesionlbue  et  dominiie  prsdictis,  et  hseredes  eui,  adeo 
liberi  sint  et  in  omnibus  talis  ac  adeo  liberae  et  illesae 
conditjonie,  tatn  in  ingresubus  suis  in  hsereditates  suas 
po8t  mortem  antecessorum  suorum,  quam  in  tenuris  suisi 
ac  alias  qualitercumque,  stent  esse  poesent  et  deberent,  de 
Gonsuetudine  vel  de  jure,  si  [dicta]  dignitas  noatra  regia 
nobis  nuequam  accidiaset,  dicta  assumptJone  nostra  dig- 
nitatis regise,  aut  eo  quod  hoDores,  castra,  bundreda,  com- 
mota,  maDeria,  terrse,  tenementa,  annuitates,  feoda,  advo- 
cationea,  posaessiones  et  dominia  prsedicta  in  manu  nostra 
jam  existunt,  aeu  a]iquibu8  aliis  occasionibus,  cauus,  colo- 
ribus,  vel  impedimentis  quibuscunque,  quee  incontrariura 
prieseDtis  voluntatis,  concessionis,  et  declarationis  nostrse, 
vigorem  sen  effectiim  aliquem  habere  nolumus,  in  aliquo 
non  obstantibus.  Proviso  semper  quod  preerogativa  nostra 
re^a  quoad  maritagia  et  proficua  maritagiorum  hseredum 
tenenUum  nostrorum  dominiorum  prsedictorum  seisienda  et 
habenda,  locum  habeat  et  vigorem.  VolumuB  insaper  et 
coDcedimus,  ac  ex  certa  scientia  nostra  ordinamus,  quod 
universa  et  singula  benefida  ecclesiastics  ad  hoDores, 
castra,  hundreda,  commota,  terras,  tenementa,  posses- 
siones  et  dominia  prsedicta  spectantia,  per  nos  durante 
vita  nostra  conferantur:  Ita  quod  cancellaiiuB  vel  the- 
saurarius  Angliae  pro  tempore  esistentes,  sen  quivig  alius 
officiarius  regius,  de  collatione  vel  prfcsentatioue,  sen  etiam 
de  visitatioue  beneficiorum  hujusmodi,  rattone  officionim 
BUOTum,  se  nullatenus  intromittant  durante  vita  nostra 
suprodicta.     Volumus  ctiam  ac   tenore   preesentium  coii 


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be  in  all  respects  managed,  goveraed,  and  treated,  as  they 
would  have  been  maoaged,  governed,  and  treated  if  we  had 
never  assumed  the  ensign  of  royal  dignity:  Willing,  fur-  Theunint, 
thermore,  and  granting,  and  of  our  certain  knowledge  fully  ami  bon 
declaring,  that  all   and  singular  our  free  tenants  of  the  '"™'^'' 
honors,  castles,  hundreda,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tene-  ^^„^ 
meats,  fees,  possesBions,  and  lordships  aforesaid,  and  their  '™*^' 
heirs,  may  be  as  free,  and  in  all  respects  of  euch  and  of 
as  free  and  unimpaired  condition,  as  well  in  their  entries 
upon  their  inheritances  after  the  death  of  their  ancestors 
as  in  their  tenures,  and  otherwise  howsoever,  as  they  could 
and  ought  to  be  by  custom  or  of  right  if  our  said  royal 
dignity  had  never  fallen  to  ua,  our  said  assumption  of  the 
royal  dignity  notwithstanding,  or  notwithstanding  that  the 
honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tene- 
ments, annuities,  fees,  advowsons,  posaeseions,  and  lord- 
ships aforesaid  are  now  in  our  hands,  or  any  other  lets, 
causes,  colors,  or  impediments  whataoever,  (which  we  will 
not  to  have  any  force  or  effect  to  the  contrary  of  this 
our  present  will,  grant,  and  declaration,)  in  anywise  not- 
withstanding.     Provided   always   that  our  royal  prero-  s»in|[<h* 
gative  in  respect  of  seizing  and  having  the  marriages  and  ni>ti,.u 
the  profits  of  the  marriages  of  the  heirs  of  our  tenants  of 
the  aforesaid  lordships  have  effect  and  vigor.    We  will  more-  cuanniku  at 
over  and  grant,  and  of  our  certain  knowledge  do  ordain,  l^unTbtV" 
that  all  and  singular  ecclesiastical  benefices  belonging  to  '"''"- 
the  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  lands,  tenements, 
possessions,  and  lordships  aforesaid  shall  be  conferred  by 
us  during  our  life;  so  that  the  chancellor  or  treasurer  of 
England  for  the   time  being,  or  any  other  royal   officer, 
do  in  nowise  intermeddle  by  reason  of  their  offices  in  the 
collation  or  presentation,  or  even  in  the  visitation,  of  the 
like  benefices   during  our  life  abovesaid.      We  will  also, 


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cedimua  et  ordinainus,  quod  omDes  et  aiDguU  receptores, 
feodarii,  firtnarii,  ballivi,  pnepoaiti,  ac  quicumque  alii  ser- 
vientflB  et  ministri  ooetri  praedictorum  hoDorum,  castro- 
nint,  buodredorum,  connnotorum,  maneriorum,  terranun. 
tenemetitorum,  aDDuitatuin,  feodonim,  posseBsionum  et 
dominionim,  de  omnibuB  et  siDgulis  deaariis,  firmis,  red- 
didbuBi  exttibuB)  reventioiiibus,  et  proficuis  quibuscumque 
de  eisdem  bonoribus,  castriB,  bundredis,  commotis,  man^ 
riis,  terris,  tenementis,  annuitatibus,  feodis,  posseaaionibus 
et  dominiia,  qualitercumque  provenientibua,  coram  certia 
auditoribus,  officiariia  et  ministris,  per  noa  de  tempore  in 
tempua  ad  hoc  limitandis  et  asaignandia,  duntaxat,  et 
non  coram  thesaurario  et  baronibue  de  acaccario  region 
computent  et  respondeant.  Ita  quod  tbeaaurariua  et 
baronea  de  acaccario  praedicto,  de  aliquibua  hujusmodi 
deuariis,  Gnnis,  redditibua,  esitibuB,  reventionibus  aut  pro- 
ficuis, aeu  de  aliquibus  compotia  vel  ratiociDiia  iade  au- 
diendia,  habendis,  reddendia,  vel  termmandia,  durante  vita 
□oatra,  ee  non  intromittant  ullo  mode.  In  cujus  rei  tes- 
timonium has  literas  nostras  fieri  fecimua  patentes.  Teste 
me  ipao  apud  Westmonasterium,  quarto  decimo  die  Octo- 
bria,  anno  re§rni  nostri  piimo. 

Per  ipaum  Regem. 


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101 

and  by  the  tenor  of  these  presents  do  grant  and  ordain,  j 
that  all  and   singular   our   receivers,   feodaries,   farmers,  t 
baili^  reeves,  and  other  our  serrants  and  ministers  wh<v  ■ 
soever  of  the  aforesiud  honors,  castles,   hundreds,  com-  ■ 
motes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  annuiUes,  fees,  posse»- 
Mons,  and  lordships,  for  all  and  singular  sums  of  money, 
{arms,  rents,  issues,  revenues,  and  profits  whatever  in  any 
manner  procieeding  from  the  same  honors,  castles,  hundreds, 
commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  annuities,  fees,  pos- 
sessions,  and   lordships,   shall  account  and   answer   only 
before  certain  auditors,  officers,  and  ministers  from  time 
to   time   to   be   hereunto   limited    and    assigned   by    us, 
and  not  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  royal  ex- 
chequer.     So   that  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  ex- 
chequer aforesaid  shall  not  in  any  wise  intermeddle  during 
our  life  in  any  the  like  monies,  hrms,  rents,  issues,  re- 
venues, or  profits,  or  in  the  auditing,  having,  rendering, 
or  determining  any  the   accounts  or  reckonings   thereol 
In  witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our  letters  to 
be  made  patent     Witness  ourself  at  Westminster,  on  the 
fourteenth  day  of  October,  in  the  first  year  of  our  reign. 
By  the  King  himself. 


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De    DECLAaATIONE   INTENTIONIS    ReOIS. 

pENRICUS  Dei  gratia  R«x  Angliae  et  Francis 
^  ^  et  Dominufl  Hiberaise  omnibuB  ad  quos  pr»- 
^  A  seDtee  literc  perreneriat  Balutem.  Sdatis 
quod  cum  ducatus  LancaatriaB,  ac  quamplura 
alia  comitatuB,  honores,  castra,  maneria,  feoda,  posses- 
aiones  et  dominia,  infra  regnum  nostrum  Angliie  et 
Wallise,  ac  alibi,  noluB  tarn  per  mortem  Celebris  memo- 
riffi  Henrici  nuper  Ducis  LaacastriEB  avi  noetri,  ac  ca- 
risaimi  domioi  et  patrie  noetri  JobaDnis  nuper  Ducis 
Lancaatrise,  necnon  cariseimsB  dominae  et  matrie  nostrse 
Blanchiae  uxoria  ejuB,  fills  et  hseredia  pnedicti  Henrici, 
nobis  jure  heereditario,  antequam  ad  statum  et  dignitatem 
regalem  rerum  DominuB  omnium  BUa  inefiabili  dementia 
noe  nuperrime  evocavit,  deecenderint  et  acciderint,  in  quibus 
quidem  ducatu,  comitatibua,  honoribuB,  castriB,  maoeriiB, 
possessionibus  et  dominiie,  di versa  libertates,  jura  re- 
galia, consuetudines  et  francbesise,  dictie  progenitoribus  et 
ant«cessoribus  nostris,  qusedam,  videlicet,  eis  et  hseredibus 
de  corporibus  suis  exeuntibus,  et  qusedam  eibi  et  bseredibus 
masculis  de  corporibuB  suis  exeuntibus,  ac  qusedam  praeEato 
domino  et  patri  nostro  ad  teiminum  vitse  euse,  per  diversas 
cartas,  tarn  domini  f^lwardi  nuper  Regis  Anglise  an  nos- 
tri,  quam  domini  Ricardi  nuper  Regis  Angliee  Becundi 
post  conquestum,  eunt  et  fuerant  concessa,  prout  in  cartis 
priedictJB  quarum  tenores  sequuntur  in  bsec  verba, — 

EDWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliae  et  Francise   et 
Dominus  Hibemise  omnibus  ad  quos  prsesentes  literse  per- 


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xvn. 

A  Declaration  of  the  Kimo'h  intentioh.* 

^ENRY,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  j*^,^ 
and  France  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  *■»■'***■ 
whom  the   present  letters  shall  come,  greets 

^.     Kdov  ye,    that   whereas   the   duchy  of  rkiuiiiui 
LancaBter,  and  very  many  other  counties,  honors,  castles,  ^^'"'f 
manors,  fees,  possessions,  and  lordships,  within  our  realm  ^"'il^ 
of  England  and  Wales  and  elsewhere,  before  the  Lord  of  Hrt!!?!''' 
all  things  so  lately  in  bis  unspeakable  mercy  called  us  to  i^'unX 
the  regal  estate  and  dignity,  did  descend  and  come  unto  us 
by  hereditary  right,  by  the  death  as  well  of  Henry  of  famous 
memory,  late  Duke  of  Lancaster,  our  grandfather,  as  of  our 
most  dear  lord  and  father  John  late  Duke  of  Lancaster,  and 
also  of  our  most  dear  lady  and  mother  Blanche,  his  wif<^ 
daughter  and  heiress  of  the  aforesaid  Henry ;  in  which  said  ■n'  »>■■ 
duchy,  counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  possessions,  and  "*^JJ!',^ 
lordships,  divers  liberties,  jtira  regalia,  customs,  and  fran-  JJI^S'w,'"' 
chises  were  aud  had  been  granted  to  our  said  progenitors  Z!^\ir''' 
and  ancestors, — to  wi^  some  to  them  and  the  h^rs  of  their 
bodies  issuing,  and  some  to  them  and  the  heirs  male  of 
their  bodies  issuing,  and  some  to  our  aforesaid  lord  and 
father  for  the  term  of  bis  life, — by  divers  charters  as  well  of 
the  lord  Edward  late  King  of  England,  our  grandhther,  as 
of  the  lord  Richard  late  King  of  England,  the  second  after 
the  conquest,  as  is  contained  more  fully  in  the  charters 
aforesaid,  the  tenors  whereof  follow  in  these  words: 

EDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  mh  F.b. 
•  The   original   Charter   does   not  now  eiirt  in  the  archiica  of  the   *'"■  '*"■ 
Duchy  of  Lancaster. 


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108 

ven«rint,  salutem.  Sciatis  quod  ei  nos,  debita  coneidera' 
tione  pensantes  geetus  msgnificoB  cunctorum  qui  nobis  in 
guerrie  nostris  laudabiliter  et  strenue  servierunt^  ipsos  desi- 
deremus  bonoribue  attollere  et  pro  viribus  juxta  merita  prae- 
miare,  quanto  magis  filios  nostros,  quos  tarn  in  aapientia  quam 
in  geetu  nobili  alios  prfecellere  conspicimua,  et  qui  nobis 
locum  t«Querunt  et  tenere  poterunt  potiorem,  dob  convenlt 
majoribus  honoribus  et  gratiis  prserogare.  Considerantes 
itaque  probitatem  strentum  et  sapienti&m  preecellentem 
carissimi  filii  nostri  Jobannis  Kegis  CastelUe  et  Legtonis, 
Ducifl  Lancastrise,  qui  laboribus  et  eipeneie  semper  se 
nobis  obeequiosum  exbibuit,  pro  nobis  pluries  in  necessi- 
tatibuB  intrepide  se  guerrarum  discrimintbus  exponeudoj  et 
Tolentes  eo  prsetextu  ac  desiderantes  eundem  filium  nos- 
trum aliquali  commodo  et  honore  ad  praesens,  licet  non  ad 
plenum,  prout  digna  merita  exposcuni,  remunerare ;  ex 
certa  scientia  nostra  et  leeto  corde,  de  assensu  prselatorum 
et  procerum  in  instauti  parliamento  nostro  apud  Westmo- 
nasterium  conrocato  existentium,  coocessimus,  pro  nobis  et 
h»redibuB  nostris,  prsefato  filio  nostro,  quod  ipse  ad  totam 
vitam  suam  babeat  infra  comitatum  Lancastriae  cancella» 
riam  suam.  ac  brevia  sua  sub  sigjllo  suo  pro  offido  cancel- 
laris  deputando  consignanda,  juatitiarioB  buos  tam  ad  pla- 
cita  coroDffi  quam  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  commuoem 
legem  tangentia  teneoda,  ac  cognidones  eorundem,  et  quaa* 
cumque  executiones  per  brevia  sua  et  ministroB  suos  ibidem 
faciendas,  et  quiecumque  alia  libertates  et  jura  r^alia  ad 
Comitem  Palatinum  pertiuentia,  adeo  integre  et  libere  eicut 
Comee  Cestriee  infra  eundem  comitatum  Cestrise  dinoscitur 
obtjnere  (decimis  quintisdecimis  et  aliia  quotis  et  subsidiis 
nobis  et  hteredibus  noBtm  per  communitatem  regui  nostri, 
et  decimis  et  aliie  quotis  per  clerum  ejusdem  regni  nobis 
concessis  et  imposterum  concedendis,  aut  eidem  clero  per 


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France  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present 
letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye,  that  if  we,  weigh- 
ing  with  due  consideration  the  noble  hearings  of  all  those 
who  Isadably  and  strenuously  have  served  us  in  our  wars, 
be  desirous  of  raising  them  to  honors,  and  rewarding  them 
for  their  Talor  according  to  their  merits,  how  much  more 
doth  it  become  us  to  advance  with  greater  honors  and 
favors  our  own  sons,  whom  we  see  exceltiug  others  as  well 
in  vnsdom  as  in  noble  bearing,  and  who  have  stood  and 
may  stand  us  in  better  stead.  Considering,  therefore,  the  omtrorui 
streauouB  goodness  and  excellent  wisdom  of  our  most  dear  nuimir  in 
son  John  King  of  Castille  and  Leon,  Duke  of  Lancaa-  Luuuur, 
ter,  who  bath  ever  shewn  himself  ready  to  serve  us  with 
labor  and  charges,  many  times  in  oar  need  intrepidly 
exposing  himself  for  us  to  the  dangers  of  war,  and  being 
willing  on  that  account,  and  desiring  now  to  reward, 
albeit  not  in  full,  the  same  our  son  with  some  benefit 
and  honor  as  his  merits  worUiily  demand,  of  our  certain 
knowledge  and  with  cheerful  heart,  with  the  assent  of 
the  prelates  and  nobles  assembled  in  our  present  par- 
liament  convoked  at  Westminster,  we  have  granted,  for 
us  and  our  heirs,  unto  our  aforesaid  son,  that  be  for  the 
whole  of  his  life  may  have  within  the  county  of  Lan- 
caster his  chancery,  and  his  writs  to  be  sealed  under 
bis  seal  to  be  deputed  for  the  o£Sce  of  the  chancery,  his 
justices  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the  crown  as  all  other 
pleas  whatsoever  touching  the  common  law,  and  the  cog- 
nisance thereof,  and  all  manner  of  execution  to  be  made 
by  his  writs  and  his  ministers  there,  and  all  other  libera 
ties  and  ^'um  regalia  pertaining  to  a  Count  Palatine,  as  tatjmn 
^ely  and  entirely  as  the  Earl  of  Chester  is  well  known  uinio^  i 
to  obtaiu  within  the  same  county  of  Chester:  (saving  1"1b<' 
always   the    tenths,  fifteenths,    and   other    contributions 


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104 

sedem  apostolicam  impositis  et  imponendis,  ac  pardcmn* 
tionibus  vitse  et  membrorum  in  cagu  quo  aliquts  ejiiedem 
comttatuB  aut  alius  in-  eodem  comitatu  pro  aliquo  delicto 
vitam  vel  membrum  amittere  debeat,  ac  etiam  guperioritate 
et  potestate  corrigeodi  ea  quce  in  curiis  ejuedem  £lii  nostri 
ibidem  erronice  facta  fuerint,  vel  ai  idem  filius  noster  aut 
ministri  sui  in  justitja  in  cuiiis  ejusdem  61ii  nogtri  inibi 
facienda  defecerint,  semper  salvia).  Et  est  intentionis  nos- 
trse  quod  idem  filius  noster,  ad  mandata  nostra  et  hseredum 
nostrorum,  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  nostra  duos  milites 
pro  communitate  comitalug  prsedicti  et  duos  burgenses  de 
quolibet  burgo  ejuadera  comitatue  ad  tractandum  cum  aliia 
de  communitate  died  regni  nostri  ad  eadem  parliamenta  et 
concilia  venientibus  de  negoUis  dicti  regni  nostri  in  eiedem 
parliamentis  et  concilits  exponendis  mittere  teneatur.  Et 
quod  idem  filius  noster  certos  homines  fideles  et  Euffidentes 
ad  bujusmodi  decimas  et  quintasdecimas  aubeidia  et  alia 
quota  quotiene  ea  nobis  seu  bseredifaus  nostris  in  parlia- 
mentis aeu  conciliis  concedi  contigerit  assignet;  ita  quod 
nobis  et  heeTedibus  oostris  de  sic  concessis  reapondeatur 
per  eoedem.  In  cujus  rei  testimonium  bas  literas  nostras 
fieri  fecimus  patentes.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Westmonas- 
terium  viceeimo  octavo  die  Februarii,  anno  regni  nogtri 
Angliee  quinquag^imo  prime,  regni  vero  nostri  Francise 
tricesimo  octavo. 

RICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglise  et  Frandse  «t  Do- 
minus  Hibemiffi  arcbiepiscopis,  episcopis,  abbatibua,  prio- 
ribus,  ducibus,  comitibus,  baronibus,  justitiariis,  vicecomiti- 
bus,  priepositis,  ministris,  et  omnibus  bsllivis  et  fidelibus 
suis,  sslutem.  Sciatis  quod  cum  dominus  Edwardus  nuper 
Rex  Anglis,  avus  noster,  per  cartam  suam  dedisset  et  con- 
cessisset  carissimo  avimculo  nostro,  filio  suo,  Jobanni  Duci 
Lancastriae,  tunc  Comiti  Lancastriae,  nomen  et  bonorem 


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104 

and  subsidies  granted  and  hereafter  to  be  granted  to  us 
and  OUT  heirs  by  the  commonalty  of  our  realm,  and  the 
tenths  and  other  contributions   granted   and   hereafter  to 
be  granted  to  us  by  the  clergy  of  the   same  our   realm, 
or   imposed   and   to   be   imposed   upon   the   same  clergy 
by  the  apostolic  see; — and  the  pardon  of  life  and  limbs 
in   case   that  any  person   of  the    same   county,  or  other 
person  in  the  same  county,  ought  for  any  delict  to  lose 
his  life   or   limb;  —  and   also  the   superiority  and  power 
of  correcting  those   things  which   shall   have   been   erro- 
neously done  there   in  the  courts  of  our  same  son,  or  if 
our  same  son  or  his  ministers  shall  have  failed  in  doing 
justice  there  also  in  the  courts  of  the  same  our  son.)     And  ^^^*' '° 
it  is  our  intention  that  our  same  son,  at  the  mandates  of  °|,J''^1.- 
us  and  our  heirs,  be  held  to  send  to  our  parliaments  and  ^"^"pu. 
councils  two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  shire  afore-  "*™"*' 
s^d,  and  two  burgesses  from  every  borough  of  the  same 
shire,  to  treat  with  the  others  of  the  commonalty  of  our 
said  realm  coming  to  the  said  parliaments  and  councils 
concerning  the  aff^rs  of  our  said  realm  in  the  same  parlia- 
ments and  councils  to  be  declared.     And  that  our  same  son  and  la  ip. 
shall  assign  certain  trusty  and  sufficient  men  for  the  like  un  of  iuik)- 
tenths  and  fifteenths,  subsidies  and  other  contributions,  so  '^^"'~ 
often  as  they  shall  happen  to  be  granted  to  us  or  our  heirs 
in  parliament  or  council ,-  so  that  we  and  our  heirs  may  by 
them  be  answered  in  respect  of  such  grants.     In  witness 
whereof  we   have   caused   these  our  letters  to  be   made 
patent.     Witness  ourself  at  Westminster,  on  the  twenty 
eighth  day  of  February,  in  the  fifty-first  year  of  our  reign 
of  England,  and  the  thirty-eighth  of  our  reign  of  France. 

RICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  itti  rch. 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  bis  archbishops,  bishops,  *»'  li**. 
abbots,  priors,  dukes,  earls,  barons,  justices,  sherifis,  reeves^ 


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105 

Ducis  et  ipaum  in  Dncem  Lancastrite  prsfeciseet,  ac  de 
Madera  nomine  et  honore  per  cincturam  gladii  et  apposi- 
tjonem  cappee  suo  capiti  investivisset,  habenda  eadem 
nomen  et  lionorem  Ducie  Laocastriie,  s'lbi  et  hieredibua 
suis  masculis  de  corpora  suo  legitime  procreatia  iroper- 
petuum ;  subeequenterque  idem  avus  noster  per  litems 
Buaa  patentee  concesmsset  pro  se  et  faeerediboB  Buis  prse- 
fato  avunculo  nostro  quod  ipse  ad  totam  vitam  suam 
haberet  infra  comitatum  Lancastriae  cancellariam  euam, 
ac  brena  sua  sub  sigillo  suo  pro  offido  cancetlariffi  de- 
putaodo  consigoanda,  justitiarios  euos  tam  ad  pladta  go> 
nnuB  quam  ad  qusecumque  alia  placita  communem  legem 
tangentia,  teneuda,  ac  cognidones  eonmdem,  et  quas- 
cumque  executionea  per  brevia  sua  et  ministros  suos 
ibidem  faciendaa,  et  qusecumque  alia  libertates  et  jura  re- 
galia ad  Comitem  Palatinum  pertinentia,  adeo  libere  et  in- 
tegre  sicut  Comes  Cestriae  infira  eundem  comitatum  Ceatrtae 
dinoBcitur  obUnere  (decimia  quintisdecimis  et  aliia  quotia  et 
flubeidiia,  eidem  aro  noatro  et  bferedibus  auia  per  communi- 
tatem  regni  aui,  et  decimia  et  aliia  quotiB  per  clerum  ejua- 
dem  regni  tunc  conceaais  et  extunc  concedendis,  aut  eidem 
clero  per  aedem  apostolicam  impositis  et  imponendia,  ac 
pardonationibuB  vitse  et  membronim,  in  caeu  quo  aliquis 
ejusdem  comitatus,  aut  alius  in  eodem  comitatu,  pro  aliquo 
delicto  vitam  vel  membrum  amittere  deberet,  ac  ctiam  au- 
perioritate  et  poteatate  corrigendi  ea  qus  in  curia  ejusdem 
avunculi  nostri  ibidem  erronice  facta  fuerint,  vel  [si]  idem 
avunculus  noster  aut  ministri  sui  in  justitia  in  curia  sua 
&cienda  defecerict,  semper  salvia) :  Et  quod  idem  avun- 
culus noster  ad  mandata  ejusdem  avi  nostri  et  hseredum 
suorum  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  sua  duos  milites  pro 
communitate  comitatua  prsedicti  et  duos  burgenaes  de 
quolibet  burgo  ejuadem   comitatua   ad   tractandum,   cum 


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■ninisterB,  and  all  his  bailiSs  and  faithful  people,  greeting. 
Know  ye,  that  whereas  the  Lord  Edward,   late   King  c^  ii«Hiiof 
England,  our  grandfather,  did   by  his  charter  give   and  King  Ed*. «. 
grant  to  his  aon,  our  roost  dear  uncle,  John  Duke  of  ^^^f 
Lancaster,  at  that  time  Earl  of  Lancaster,  the  name  and  '^<»'"> 
honor  of  Duke»  and  did  make  him  Duke  of  Lancaster, 
and  invest  him  with  the  same  name  and  honor  by  gird- 
ing of  the  sword  and  setting  upon   his  head  the  cap,  to 
have  the  same  name  and  honor  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  to 
him  and  his  heirs  male  of  his  body  lawfully  begotten  for 
ever;  and  subBequently  our  same  grandfather  did  by  his  ui)an,ii 
letters  patent  grant  for  himself  and  his  heirs  to  our  afore-  tornuBt^ 
Baid  uncle,  that  he  for  the  whole  of  his  life  should  have  ^^^"^ 
within  the  county  of  Lancaster  his  chancery,  and  faia  writs  \^l^,  m 
to  be  sealed  under  his  seal  to  be  deputed  for  the  office  of  'tt  imk^. 
the   chancery,   his  jnsticee  to  hold   as   well  pleas  of  the 
crown  as  all  other  pleas  whatsoever  touching  the  common 
law,  and  the  cognizance  thereof  and  ftU  manner  of  execu- 
tion to  be  made  by  bis  writs  and  his  minietcrB  there,  and 
all  other  liberties  and  jura  r^aiia  pertaining  to  a  Count 
Palatine,  aa  freely  and  entirely  aa  the  Earl  of  Chester  is 
well  known  to  obtain  within  the  same  county  of  Chester; 
saving  always  the  tenths,  fifteenths,  and  other  contribu- 
tions  and   subsidies   then  granted  and   thereaf^r  to  be 
granted   to  our  same  grandfather  and   his   heirs   by  the 
commonalty  of  his  realm,  and  the  tenths  and  other  con- 
tributions then  granted  and  thereafter  to  be  granted   by 
the  clergy  of  the  same  realm,  or  imposed  and  to  be  im- 
posed  upon   the   same  clergy  by  the  apostolic  see;   and 
the  pardon  of  life  and  limbs  in  case  that  any  person  of 
the  same  county,  or  other  person  in  the  same  county,  ought 
for  any  delict  to  lose  his  life  or  limb;  and  also  the  su- 
periority and  power  of  correcting  those  things  which  shall 


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106 

aliis  dicti  regni  ad  parliamenta  et  concilia  venientibiifl,  de 
negotiis  dicli  regni  in  eisdem  parliamentia  et  aliis  expo- 
oendis,  mittere  teneretur:  et  quod  idem  avuocuIuB  noster 
certoB  bomines  fideles  et  Bufficientes  ad  hujusmodi  decimas 
et  quintasdecimas  subsidia  et  alia  quota,  quotiens  ea  eidem 
avo  nostro  seu  hsredibue  Buis  in  parliamentia  aeu  con- 
ciliis  concedi  contingeret,  aesignaret;  ita  quod  eidem  avo 
nostro  de  aic  concessts  respooderetur  per  eoedem.  Ac 
DOB  nuper  ad  prosecutionem  ipsius  avunculi  nostri  per  peti- 
tionem  suam  nobis  in  parliamento  nostro  apud  Gloucestriam 
tento  exbibitam,  auggerenUs  ipsum  prattextu  dictorum  Ter- 
borum  generalium  scaccarium  suum  in  eodem  comitatu 
LancastricB  et  omnia  ad  bujusmodi  Bcaccarium  pertinentia, 
ac  jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  faciendi  et  coDsUtuendi  jus- 
titiarios  suos  itinerantes  ad  placita  forestse  et  alios  justitia- 
rioe  ad  quaecumque  alia  placita  aseisam  forests  tangentift 
infra  dictum  comitatum  Lancastrin  a  tempore  concessionis 
dicti  an  nostri  tcnuisse  exercuisse  et  babuisse,  de  assensu 
prselatorum  ducum  comitum  baronum  ht  communitatis  regni 
nostri  Anglise  in  eodem  parliamento  existentium,  per  Uteras 
nostras  patentes  declara?erimus  eundem  avunculum  nostrum 
omnibus  et  singulis  prsemissisi  per  ipsum  prfetextu  dictorum 
Terborum  generalium  ut  prnmittitur  usitatis,  virtute  eorum- 
dem  Terborum  generalium  utl  posse  et  debere ;  et  ulteriua 
de  gratia  nostra  speciali  concesserimuSi  pro  nobis  et  luere- 
dibuB  noetns,  eidem  avunculo  nostro,  quod  ipse  scaccarium 
suum  in  dicto  comitatu  Lancastrise,  et  barones  et  alios 
ministros  in  eodem  scaccario  necessarios,  necnon  jurisdic- 
tiones  executiones  et  consuetudines  quascumque  in  scac- 
cario nostro  Anglise  rationabiliter  usitatae  babeat  in  eodem 
scaccario  suo  et  eis  ibidem  ptene  gaudeat  et  rationabiliter 
utatur:  et  quod  babeat  jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  fa- 
ciendi  et  constituendi  juslitiarios  suos  itinerantea  ad  placita 


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106 

have   been  erroneously  done  there   in   the   court  of  our 
same  uncle,  or  if  our  s&me  uncle  or  hie  miDleters  ehould 
have  failed  in  doing  justice  in  his  court.     And  that  our 
same  uncle,  at  the  mandate  of  the  same  our  grandfatber 
and  his  heirs,  should  be  held  to  send  to  his  parliaments 
and  councils  two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  shire 
aforesaid,  and  tvo  burgesses  firom   every   borough  of  the 
same   shire,  to   treat  with   the  others  of  the   said  realm 
coming  to  the   parliaments  and  councils  concerning  the 
affairs  of  the   eaid   realm  in   the   same   parliaments  and 
councils  to  be  declared :  and  that  our  same  uncle  should 
assign  certain  trusty  and  sufficient  men  for  the  like  tenths 
and  fifteenths,  subsidies  and  other  contributions,  so  often 
as  they  should  happen  to  be  granted  to  our  same  grand- 
father or  his  heirs  in  parliament  or  council ;  so  that  our 
same  grandfather  might  by  them  be  answered  in  respect 
of  such  grants.     And  we  lately,  at  the  prosecution  of  our  Rtdui  oi 
same  uncle  by  his  petition  to  us  exhibited  in  our  parlia-  ■•i>r7i£?i- 
ment  holden  at  Gloucester,  (suggesting  that  by  pretext  of  the  ^'Jjl^'njkcv 
said  general  words  be  had  bad,  exercised,  and  held  from  the  {1111^0«', 
time  of  the  grant  of  our  said  grandfather  his  exchequer  in 
the  same  county  of  Lancaster,  and  all  things  to  such  ex- 
chequer  pertaining,   and    the  jurisdiction   and   power   of 
making  and  appointing  his  justices  in   eyre   for  pleas  of 
the  forest^  and  other  justices  for  all  manner  of  other  pleas 
touching  the  assize  of  the  forest  within  the  said  county  of 
Lancaster,)  with  the  assent  of  the  prelates,  dukes,  earJs,  d«urin(, 
barons,  and  the  commons  of  our  realm  of  England  in  the  rin^or 
same  parliament    assembled,   by   our  letters    patent  did  """jl",^ 
declare  that  our  same  uncle  should  and  might  be  able,  »■<>■■<«. 
by  virtue  of  the  sud  general  words,  to  use  all  and  every 
the  premises  by  him  used  by  pretext  of  the  same  general 
words  as  is  premised ;  and  further,  of  our  espet^  grace 


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107 
foreetee  et  alioe  justitiarios  ad  queecumque  alia  pladta  aesi- 
sam  foresUe  tangenUa  iati^  dictum  comitatum  Lancastrise 
tenenda  durante  vita  ipBius  avunculi  Doetii  (placitifl  tamen 
et  querelis  aliis  quibuacumque,  ubi  nos  vel  hsredes  nostri  in 
dicto  scaccario  vel  coram  priefatis  justitiariis  partes  fuerimus 
vel  fieri  conUugat,  emergeutibus  semper  salviB) ;  et  volueri- 
muB,  quod  omnia  verba  geDeralia  id  concesaione  ejusdem  avi 
noetri  prsedicta  contenta  in  suo  robore  permaoeaot  durante 
vita  arunculi  nostri  eupradicti,  declaratioDe  et  concesuone 
praedictiB  eon  obstantibus,  prout  in  carta  et  literis  prsdictis 
plenius  continetur.  Jamque  prfefatus  avunculus  noster 
nobis  supplicaverit,  ut  Ubertates  francheBiaa  privile^a  jura 
regaUa  supradicta,  et  onmia  alia  et  singula  sibi  superiua 
concessa,  obi  et  heeredibus  suis  masculie  de  corpore  suo 
exeuntibus  concedere  dignemur,  habenda  eodem  modo  ricut 
ea  jam  habet,  una  cum  dicto  nomine  Duds  Lancaatrie 
perpetuis  temporibus  succesuvis.  Nos  probitatem  stre- 
Duam  et  sapienUam  excellentissitDam  prsefati  avunculi  noa- 
tri,  qui  se  laboribus  et  expensia  ac  conailiis  continuis  nolna 
et  regno  nostro  obsequiosam  pariter  et  fructuosum  semper 
retroactis  temporibus  esbibuit  et  exfaibet  indefesse,  debits 
consideratione  pensantea,  ac  aperantes  indubie  bseredes  euoa 
masculos  de  corpore  suo  legitime  procreatos  vestigia  pro- 
genitorum  euorum  qui  ex  tarn  nobili  progenie  regali  proce»- 
serunt,  divina  mediante  dementia,  in  sapientia  strenuitate 
et  honore  sequi  debere,  et  nobis  et  hieredibus  nostris  ac 
regno  nostro  maximo  valere  et  locumtenere  posse  infuta* 
rum.  Et  voleotes  prsemissorum  intuitu  supplicationi  prse- 
dictse  annuere  gratiose,  de  aseensu  prtesentis  parliunenti 
nostri,  Ifeto  corde  et  ex  certa  scientia  nostra  concessimus 
pro  nobis  et  haeredibus  nostris,  praerato  avunculo  nostro 
quod  ipse  et  bseredes  sui  masculi  de  corpore  suo  legitime 
]>rocreati  babcant  iufi-a  comitatum  Laucastriae  caucellariam 


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we  did  grant,  for  us  and  our  heira,  to  our   Bame   uncle,  iha  i>uk> 

that  he  might  have  hie  exchequer  in  the  said  county  of  hti™iehe."* 

Lancaster,  and   barons  and  other  ministers  neceesaiy  la 

the  same  exchequer,  and  also  all  jurisdictions,  executions, 

and  customs  whatsoerer  in  the  same  his  exchequer  which 

are   reasonably  used  in   our  exchequer  of  England,   and 

might  fully  and  reasonably  use   and  enjoy  them   there; 

and   that  he  might  have   the  jurisdiction   and   power  of  «d  Moim. 

making  and  appointing  his  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  pleas  ^ffL'^'^* 

of  the  forest,  and  other  justices   to  hold   all  manner  of 

other  pteaa  touching  the  assize  of  the  forest,  within  the 

said  county  of  Lancaster,   during  the   life   of  our   same 

uncle   (saving  always   nevertheless   all  manner   of  other 

pleas  and  plaints  arising  in  the  said  exchequer,  or  before 

the  aforesaid  justices,  where  we  or  our  heirs  should  be, 

or  should  happen  to  be  made,  parties) ;  and  we  did  will  dufDi  a*   . 

that  all  the  general  words  contained  in  the  aforesaid  grant 

of  our  same  grandfather  should  remain  in  force  during  the 

life  of  our  abovesaid  uncle,  notwithstanding  the  declaration 

and  grant  aforesaid,  as  in  the  charter  and  letters  aforesaid 

more  fully  is  contuned.     And  now  our  aforesaid  uncle  ihiduIm 

hath  besought  us  that  we  Would  deign  to  grant  the  above-  tit\«u^  im, 

said   liberties,  franchises,  privU^es,  jura  regalia,  and  all  '"*'■' 

and  every  other  the  things  to  him  above  granted,  to  him 

and  his  heirs  male  of  his   body  issuing,  to  have  in   the 

same  manner  as  be  now  bath  them,  together  with  the  sud 

name  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  in  all  times  to  come.    W&  m  ttaMn. 

^   mm  DThli 
weif^ng  with  due  consideration  the  strenuous  probity  and  locninntu 

most  excellent  wisdom  of  our  aforesaid  uncle^  who  hath 
ever  shewn  himself  in  times  past,  and  unweariedly  con- 
tinues to  prove,  very  ready  to  serve  us  and  our  realm,  and 
at  the  same  time  most  profitably,  with  his  continual  labor, 
charges,  and  counsel  {  and  hoping  undoubtedly  that  his 


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Buam  ac  brevia  sua  sub  sigillo  suo  pro  officio  caDcellaris 
deputando  conaervanda,  justitiarios  suos  tarn  ad  plaoita 
corooae  quam  ad  qusecumque  alia  platnta  communem  legem 
tangentia  tenenda,  ac  cognidones  eorundem,  et  quascum* 
que  executiones  per  brevie  sua  et  ministroe  suos  ibidem 
fociendas,  et  qusecumque  alia  libertates  et  jura  regalia  ad 
Comitem  Palatinum  pertinentia,  adeo  libere  et  integre  sicut 
Cornea  Cestrix  dinoecitur  obtiu'ere.  Et  quod  habeant  acac- 
cariuin  auum  in  dicto  comitatu  Lancastriae  ac  barones  et 
alios  iDiniatros  in  eodem  acaccario  necesaarios,  uecDon 
jurisdictiones  executionea  et  consuetudines  quascumque  in 
scaccario  nostro  Angli»  rationabiliter  usitatas,  et  eis  ibidem 
plene  gaudeant  et  rationabiliter  utaDtur.  Et  quod  habeant 
jurisdictionem  et  potestatem  faciendi  et  constituendi  justi- 
tiarios  auos  itinerantea  ad  placita  foreatie  et  alios  justitia- 
rios  ad  quaacumque  alia  placita  assisam  forestae  tangectia 
infra  dictum  comitatum  Lancastrue  tenenda  imperpetuum 
(placitjs  tamen  et  querelis  quibuecumque,  ubi  noa  vel  hsere- 
dee  noatri  in  dicto  acaccario  vel  coram  praefatis  juatitiariis 
partes  fuerimus  vel  fieri  contingat,  emergentibua,  ac  ded- 
mia  quintisdecimis  et  aliis  quoUs  et  subudiis  nobis  et  bsre- 
dibus  nostria  per  communitatem  regni  noatri,  et  decimia  et 
aliia  quotia  per  clerum  ejusdem  regni  concessis  et  exnunc 
concedendis,  aut  eidem  clero  per  aedem  apoatolicam  impo- 
aitis  et  imponendis,  ac  pardonationibus  vitce  et  membrorum 
in  casu  quo  aliquis  ejusdem  comitatus,  aut  alius  in  eodem 
comitatu,  pro  delicto  aliquo  vitatn  vel  m^nlHum  amittere 
debeat,  ac  etiam  euperioritate  et  potestate  corrigendi  ea 
quae  in  curia  ejusdem  avunculi  nostri  vel  dtctorum  hsaredum 
guorum  ibidem  erronice  beta  fuerint,  vel  [si]  idem  avunculus 
noster  sen  dicti  beeredes  sui,  aut  eorum  mtnistri,  in  justitia 
in  curia  aua  ^ienda  dcfecerint,  semper  salvis).  Et  quod 
idem  avunculus  noster  et  dicti  hasredea  siii,  ad  mandala 


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108 

heirs  male  of  his  body  lawfully  begotten  ought  through 
the  medifttion  of  Divine  Men^  to  follow  the  footsteps  of 
their  ptogeniton,  who  have  proceeded  from  so  noble  and 
royal  a  stock,  in  wiBdom,  honor,  and   prowess,  and  that 
tbey  will  be  able,  in  times  to  come,  mightily  to  av»I  and 
stand  ourselves  and  our  heirs  and  our  realm  in  good  stead, 
and  being  willing  in  regard  of  the  premises  graciously  to 
assent  to  tlie  aforesud  petition,  with  the  assent  of  our  pre- 
sent  parliament,  of  our  certain  knowledge,  and  with  cheer- 
ful heart,  do  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs  to  our  aforesaid  Etinu'ko 
uncle,  that  he  and   his  heirs  male   of  his   body  lawfully  ■iliuli.i. 
b^otten  may  have  within  the  county  of  Lancaster  their  lu^V  ' 
chancery,  and  their  writs  to  be  sealed  under  their  seal  to  ^^^f,- 
be  deputed  for  the  office  of  the  chancery,  their  justices  to  ^''^Jf 
hold  as  well  pleas  of  the  crown  as  all  other  pleas  whatso- 
ever  touching  the  (»mmon  law,  and  the  cognizance  thereof, 
and  all  manner  of  execution  to  be  made  by  their  writs 
and  their  miniBters  there,  and  all  other  liberties  and  jura  udiiH 
regalia  pertaining  to  a  Count  Palatine,  as  fteely  and  entirely  fS^u^iix 
as  the  Earl  of  Chester  is  well  known  to  obtain.    And  that  chmln 
they  may  have  their  exchequer  in  the  said  county  of  Lan-  «cbeqnar 
caster,  and  barons  and  other  ministers   necessary  in  the  «dtarM» 
same  exchequer,  and  also  all  jurisdictioDS,  eiecutions,  and 
customs   whatsoever,   which   are   reasonably  used  in  our 
exchequer  of  England,  and  may  fully  and  reasonably  use 
and  enjoy  them  there ;  and  that  they  may  have  the  juris-  mmi  «pDaiBt 
diction  and  power  of  making  and  appointing  their  justices  j<utien>f 
in  eyre  to  hold  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  other  justices  to 
bold  all  manner  of  other  pleas  touching  the  assize  of  the 
forest  within  the  said  county  of  Lancaster  for  ever.     Saving  ainpt  wh.r. 
always,  nevertheless,  all  manner  of  other  pleas  and  plaints  p"}- 
ariung  in  the  said  exchequer,  or  before  the  aforesaid  jus- 
tices, where  we  or  our  heirs  shall  be,  or  shut]  happen  to 


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109 

luwtra  et  tueredam  noitronun,  ad  pariiRmeiita  et  concilia 
nostra  et  haBredum  noBtronim  duos  militeB  pro  communi- 
tate  comitBtus  prsedicti  et  duos  burgeiises  de  quolibet 
burgo  ejusdem  comitatus  adtractandum  cum  aliis  diet!  regni 
noBtii  ad  parliamenta  et  concnlia  venieBtibus  de  De^tiis 
dicti  regal  in  eiadem  parliamentis  et  aliis  exponendia  mittere 
teneantur.  Et  quod  idem  avunculus  ooster  et  hsredee  sui 
prgedicti  certos  hominefl  fidelea  et  sufficientes  ad  hujusmodi 
detnmas  et  quintaadecimas  subaidia  et  alia  quota,  quodens 
ea  nobis  aut  bseredibus  noatria  in  parliamentis  sen  cod- 
ctliia  concedi  oontigerit,  aaeignent ;  ita  quod  nobis  et  hae- 
redibuB  noatria  de  eic  concesaia  reapondeatur  per  eosdem. 
Quare  volumuB  et  firmiter  prscipimua  quod  idem  avuncultis 
noster  et  hseredei  sui  preedicti  babeant  et  teneant  omnia 
et  singula  libertates  francbesias  privil^a  scaccarium  juf« 
regalia  et  alia  supradicta  una  cum  dictia  nomine  et  honore 
Duds  Lancastriee  (exceptis  prsexceptia)  eodem  modo  ac 
adeo  libere  et  integre  sicut  idem  aTunculus  noBter  ea  ad 
prsesena  babet  et  tenet,  imperpetuum,  sicut  priedictum  est 
Hiia  testibus  Willielmo  Archiepiscopo  Cantuariensi  totius 
Angliae  Primate,  Thoma  Archiepiscopo  Eboracen»  Angli» 
Primate^  Roberto  Londinensi,  Willielmo  Wintoniensi,  Can- 
cellario  nostro,  Jobanne  Menerensi,  Theaauraiio  nostra, 
Episcopis,  Edmundo  Eborum,Tboma  GlouceatriEe,  Ducibus, 
avunculis  nostris  carissimis,  Ricardo  Arundellise,  Willielmo 
Sarum,  Henrico  NortJiumbriee,  Comitibus,  Ricardo  Le- 
scrop,  Johanue  Devereux,  Senescallo  hospitii  nostri,  et 
aliis.  Data  per  manum  nostram  apud  Westmonasterium, 
sextodecimo  die  Februarii,  anno  regni  nostri  tertiodecimo. 

RICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglite  et  Franciie  et  Do. 
minus  Hibernia:,  archiepiscopis,  episcopis,  abbatibus,  prt- 
oribus,  ducibus,  comitibus,  baronibus,  juatitiariis,  nceco- 
mitibus,  prEepositie,  ministris,  et  omnibus  balliris  et  fide- 


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be  made,  partiea ;  and  saving  always  the  tenths,  fifteenths,   bkIhk  or 

and  other  contributions  and  eubsidies  granted  and  here-  ^'.lU 

after  to  be  granted  to  us  and  our  h^rs  by  the  commonalty  ^™*- 

of  our  realm,  and  the  tenths  and  other  contributions  granted 

or  hereafter  to  be  granted  by  the  clergy  of  the  same  realm, 

or  imposed  and  to  be  imposed  upon  the  same  clergy  by  the 

apoBtolic  see ;  and  the  pardon  of  life  and  limba  in  case  that  pudtB  m 

any  person  of  the  same  county,  or  other  person  in  the  same 

county,  ought  for  any  delict  to  lose  his  life  or  limb;  and  ud«mc- 

also  the  superiority  and  power  of  correcting  thoee  things  om*iti«f 

which  shall  hare  been  erroneously  done  there  in  the  court 

of  our  same  uncle  or  bis  said  heirs;  or  if  our  same  uncle,  winbiiun 

or  his  said  heirs  or  their  ministers,  shall  lul  in  doing  ju^ 

iice  in  thnr  court     And  that  our  same  uncle  and  his  said  tha  ouk* 

heirs,  at  the  mandates  of  us  and  our  heirs,  shall  be  held  to  i^in  u>  ^nd 

send  to  the  parliaments  and  councils  of  us  and  our  heirs  ^,h^"|„ 

two  knights  for  the  commonalty  of  the  shire  aforesaid,  aud  ^^ 

two  burgesses  from  every  borough  of  the  same  shire,  to 

treat  with  the  others  of  our  said  realm  coming  to  the  par> 

liamenta  and  councils  concerning  the  afiairs  of  the  said 

realm  in  the  same  parliamente  and  councils  to  be  declared : 

and  that  our  same  uncle  and  bis  belts  shall  assign  certain  «idioMiitn 

trusty  and  sufficient  men  for  the  like  tenths  and  fifteenths,  ■ubitdi» 

subsidies,  and  other  contributions,  so  often  as  they  shall  r™^ 

happen  to  be  granted  to  us  or  our  heirs  in  parliament  or 

council ;  so  that  we  and  our  heirs  may  by  the  same  men 

be  answered  in  respect  of  such  grants.     Wherefore  we  will 

and  strictly  command  that  our  same  uncle  and  his  beira 

aforesaid  shall  have  and  hold  all  and  every  the  abovewud 

liberties,   franchises,   privileges,  exchequer,  jura  regaUa, 

and  other  things,  together  with  the  said  name  and  honor  Tuieor 

of  Duke  of  Lancaster,  except  as  before  excepted,  in  the  lukmui. 

eame  manner  and  as  Irecly  and  entirely  as  our  same  uncle 


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no 

libus  auis,  salutem.  InspeximuB  caitam  Domini  Edwardi 
nuper  Regis  Anglise,  art  noBtri,  fectam  in  heoc  verba: 
EDWARDUS  Dei  gratia  Hex  Anglise  Domious  Hi- 
bemin  et  Aquitanise,  arcbiepiscopiB,  eplscopis,  abbadbus, 
prioribuB,  comiUbuB,  baronibus,  ^uBtitiariia,  vicecomitibiu, 
praeponUe,  miuistriB,  et  omnibua  baUivie  et  fidelibus  biub 
salutem.  SciatiB  quod  cum  nuper  coneiderantes  qualiter 
comitatUB  Lancastriee,  et  plura  castra,  villse,  maneria, 
terrse,  et  tenemeDta,  cum  pertinentiis,  tarn  in  comitatibus 
Liocolaife  et  Derbi»  quam  in  diverns  aliis  comitatibus 
regni  nostri,  qiue  fuenint  Hen  rid  nuper  Du<ub  Lao- 
castrise  et  Comitis  I^ncolnise  et  Derbis:  poet  mortem  ip- 
Bius  Duels,  (qusedam,  videlicet,  ad  Jobannem  Comitem 
RichemondiK  filium  nostniiQ  carissimum  et  Blanchiam 
uxOrem  ejus  unam  filiarum  et  hseredum  prsdicti  Docis, 
juxta  partitionem  inter  ipeos  et  Matildem  tunc  alteram 
filiarum  et  haeredum  ipsius  Dutns  Eactam  per  descensum 
hsreditarium  fuerint  devoluta,  et  qusedam  eisdem  Comiti 
et  Blancbise,  juxta  ordinaUonetn  et  concesmonem  prsedictt 
Duds  dum  rixit,  sub  certa  forma  sunt  remansura,)  ac  vo- 
lentes  pfoinde  eidem  filio  noatro,  ut  se  juxta  status  sui 
nobilitatem  decentius  manutenere  valeat,  gratiam  facere 
specialem»  concesserimus  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus  nratna 
preefato  Johaoni  nunc  Comiti  Lancastrise  et  Richemondiee, 
quod  ipse  et  hsredes  sui  de  corpore  buo  et  corpora  pne- 
dictse  Blancbiae  legitime  procreali  imperpetuum  haberent  re- 
toma  omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  huredum  nostrorum, 
et  omnia  placita  de  vetito  namio  in  terris  et  feodis  de 
luereditate  preedicti  Ducis,  qufe  tunc  in  manibuB  ipsorum 
ComitJB  et  Blanchisi  extJterunt,  et  quce  impoatenun  eis 
juxta  ordinationem  et  concessionem  prssdictas  sunt  reman- 
sura cum  ad  manus  suas  devenerint;  et  etiam  omnes  fines 
et  amerciamcnta  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium  suorum, 


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110 

at  present  has  and  holds  them,  for  ever,  as  is  aforesaid. 
These  being  witneBses,  William  Archbishop  of  Cauterr 
bury.  Primate  of  all  England ;  TliomaB  Archbishop  of 
York,  Primate  of  England;  Robert  Biahop  of  London; 
William  Bishop  of  Winchester,  our  Chaocellor;  John 
Bishop  of  Saint  David's^  our  Treasurer;  our  most  dear 
uncles,  Edmund  Duke  of  York,  and  Thomas  Duke  of 
Gloucester;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  William  Earl  of 
Salisbury;  Henry  Ear]  of  Northumberlaod ;  Richard  Le- 
scrope;  John  Devereux,  Steward  of  our  household,  and 
others.  Given  under  our  hand  at  Westminster,  on  the 
sixteenth  day  of  February,  in  the  thirteenth  year  of  our 
reign. 

RICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  **t^  '<"<*. 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  his  archbisbopa,  Inshops,  *-■>•  i'^- 
abbots,  priors,  dukes,  earls,  barons,  justices,  sheriff  reeres, 
ministers,  and  all  his  bailiffs  and  futbful  people  greeting. 
We  have  inspected  the  charter  of  the  Lord  Edward,  late 
King  of  England,  our  grandfather,  made  in  these  words: 
EDWARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  Lord  ixk  u». 
of  Ireland  and  Aquitaine,  to  his  archbishopa,  bishops,  ab-  in.  "it.' 
bots,  priors,  earls,  barons,  justices,  sheriffs,  reeves,  minis- 
ters, and  all  his  bulifis  and  faithful  people,  greeting.    Know  rmiui  or 
ye,  that  whereas  we,  lately  considering  bow  that  the  county  <iu«i  luh 
of  Lancaster,  and  many  castles,  towns,  manors,  lands,  and  "  ^■'-  * 
tenements,  with  their  appurtenances,  as  well  in  the  coun- 
ties of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  as  in  divers  other  counties  of 
our  realm,  which  were  of  Henry  late  Duke  of  Lancaster 
and  Earl  of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  lately  after  the  death  of 
the  same  Duke  had  devolved,  to  wit,  some  by  hereditary 
descent,  upon  John  Earl  of  Richmond,  our  most  dear  son, 
and  Blanche  bis  wife,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs 
of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  according  to  the  partition  made 


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Ill 

ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  id  cnriis  noBtriB  et 

hEeredum  noetroram  ameraari  v«l  fines  facere  contioge- 
ret,  necnon  omnia  catalla  omniam  hominum  et  teneDtium 
Buonim  felonum  et  fugitiTorum  et  dampnatArum,  prout  io 
earta  nostra  inde  confecta  plenius  continetur.  Ac  jam 
omnia  teme  et  tenementa  cum  pertinentiiB  quae  prsdicta 
Matildis  tenuit  in  propartem  auam  pnedictam,  de  omnibus 
terris  et  tenementis  prrodictia  quae  foenuit  prsedicU  Ducis, 
necnon  qusedam  alia  terras  et  tenementa  cum  pertinentUs  in 
comitatibus  Norfolci»  et  Suffolcise  quee  eadem  MatildiB 
tenuit  de  heereditate  ipsius  Ducis  eK  dono  et  feoffamento  Jo- 
bannis  Episcopi  LincobiieoBie,  Ricardi  ComiUs  Arundelliae, 
Robert!  de  la  Mare,  Johannis  de  Buklond,  JohanniB  Char- 
nela,  Walteri  Power,  Simonis  Symeon  et  Johannis  Neu- 
marcbe,  per  mortem  ejusdem  Matildis  praebtia  ComiU  et 
Biancbiae,  ut  sorori  et  haeredi  praedicts  Matildis  jure 
haereditario  descenderint  Nos  volentes  prsedictos  Comi- 
tem  et  Blanchiam  favore  prosequi  gratioscs  concesumus 
et  bac  carta  nostra  confirmavimus  priehto  Comiti  quod 
ipse  et  hseredes  sui  de  corpore  suo  et  corpore  prcedicts 
Blanchis  legitime  procreati  imperpetuum  babeant  retoma 
omnium  brevium  nostrorum  et  hieredum  nostrorum,  et 
omnia  pUcita  de  vetito  namio,  tarn  in  terris  et  feodis  quae 
iidem  Ck>me8  et  Blancbia  de  proparte  ipsius  Blaocbia: 
praedicta,  quam  in  terris  et  feodis  quee  fuerunt  pncdJcUe 
Matildis  et  quK  ipsi  Comes  et  Blancbia  ut  soror  et  hseres 
ejusdem  Matildis  jam  tenent  de  hiereditate  prsedicta,  et 
etiam  in  terris  et  feodis,  quae  eisdem  Comiti  et  Blancbis 
aunt  de  eadem  hsereditate  impoaterum  remansura  vel  rever- 
Bura,  cum  ad  manus  suas  devenerint,  et  etiam  omnes  fines 
et  amerciamenta  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium  suonim 
ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in  curiis  nostris  et 
hieredum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fines  facere  contigerit; 


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Ill 

between  them  and  Matilda,  the  then  other  daughter  and 
co-heir  of  the  same  Duke,  and  Bome  were  to  remain,  under 
a  certain  form,  to  the  aame  Earl  and  Blandie,  according  to 
an  ordinance  and  grant  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  whilst  he 
lived,  and  being  willing,  therefore,  to  shew  especial  fiiTor 
to  tbe  same  our  son,  in  order  that  he  might  the  more  de- 
cently maintun  himself  according  to  the  nobility  of  bis 
station,  did  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs  to  the  aforesaid  John 
now  Earl  of  Lancaster  and  Hichmood,  that  he  and  bis 
heirs  of  his  body  and  the  body  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche, 
lawfully  begotten,  for  ever  should  have  the  return  of  all 
writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  withemant  in  the 
lands  and  fees  of  tbe  heritage  of  tbe  aforesaid  Duke,  which 
dien  were  in  the  hands  of  the  same  Earl  and  Blanche,  and 
which  thereafter  were  to  r^nain  to  tbem  according  to  the 
ordinance  and  grant  aforesaid,  when  they  should  come  into 
their  hands ;  and  also  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their 
men  and  tenants  wheresoever  it  should  happen  that  such 
men  and  tenants,  should  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  tbe 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all 
their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  per- 
sons condemned,  as  in  our  charter  thereof  made  more  fully 
is  contained.  And  now  all  the  lands  and  tenements,  with  *<»)  it«»i,( 
their  appurtenances,  which  the  aforesaid  Matilda  held  as  g'^^°h  "the 
her  purparty  aforesaid  of  all  the  lands  and  tenements  afore-  J^".'""*'* 
said  which  were  of  the  aforesaid  Duke,  and  also  certun 
other  lands  and  tenements,  with  appurtenances,  in  the 
counties  of  Norfolk  and  Suffolk,  which  the  same  Matilda 
held  of  tbe  inheritance  of  the  same  Duke  by  the  gift  and 
feoflment  of  John  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  Richard  Earl  of 
Arundel,  Robert  de  la  Mare,  John  de  Buklond,  John  Char- 
nels,  Walter  Power,  Simon  Symeon,  and  John  Neumarche, 
have  by  the  death  of  the  same  Matilda  descended  by  bere- 


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lis 

necnon  omnia  catalla  omnium  hominum  et  tenendum 
suorum,  felonum  et  fugitiTonim  et  dampnatonim.  Quare 
Tolumiis  et  finniter  pnecipimus  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus 
noetris  quod  pnedictuB  Comes  et  hnredes  sui  prsedicti 
imperpetuum  habeant  retoma  omnium  brevium  nostrorum 
et  hseredum  noBtrorum,  et  omnia  placita  de  retito  namio 
in  terriB  et  feodis  suia  prsedictis ;  ac.  omnes  fines  et  anier- 
(namenta  omnium  hominum  et  tenentium  suorum  prae- 
dictorum,  ubicumque  ipsos  homines  et  tenentes  in  curiis 
nostris  et  hffiredum  nostrorum  amerciari  vel  fines  facere 
conti^rit;  ac  etiam  omnia  catalla  omnium  hominum  et 
tenentium  suorum,  felonum,  fugitivorum,  et  dampnatorum, 
sicut  prtedictum  est,  et  eodem  modo  quo  Henricus  nuper 
Comes  Laucastris  pater  prsedicti  Ducis,  vel  idem  Dux, 
quibus  con^miles  Ubertates  in  terris  et  feodis  suis  ha- 
bendas  succesave  per  cartas  nostras  conceseimus,  easdem 
libertates  habuit  et  eis  rationabiliter  uti  consuevit  Hiis 
testibus  S.  Archiepiscopo  Cantuariensi  toUus  Anglis  Pri- 
mate, W.  Wintonicnsi  Episcopo  Cancellario  nostro,  S. 
Eliensi  Episcopo  Thesaurario  nostro,  Edwardo  Principe 
Wallise  primogenito  nostro  carissimo,  Ricardo  Arundetliie, 
Thoma  Warwici,  et  Willielmo  Sanim,  Comitibus,  et  aliis. 
Data  per  manum  noatram  apud  WeBtmonasterium  duo- 
decimo die  Mmi,  anno  regni  nosCri  tricesimo  sexto.  IN- 
SPEXIMUS  eUam  quandam  cartam  nostram  factam  in 
hfcc  verba:  RICABDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglise  et 
Francixe  et  Dominue  Hibemise,  omnibus  ad  quos  prsesentes 
literse  perveoennt,  salutem.  Inspeximus  quandam  cartam 
carissimi  Domini  et  avi  nostri  Domini  Edwardi  nuper  Regis 
Angliffi  defuncti,  nuper  factam  carissimo  avunculo  nostro 
Jobanni  Regi  CastelUe  et  Legjonie  Duci  Lancastriee,  filio 
ipsius  avi  nostri,  per  nomen  Johannis  Ducis  Lancastrise, 
et  Blanchiffi  nuper  uxori  ejus  in  hec  verba:    Ea»'AaDos 


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diUiy  light  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  aod  Blanche,  as  uster  and 
heir  of  the  aforesud  Matilda :— We,  willing  to  pursue  with 
our  gradous  favor  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  Blanche,  have 
granted  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed  to  the 
aforesaid  Earl,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  and  the 
body  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche,  lawfully  begotten,  for  ever 
may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  Rttunof 
all  pleas  of  withernam,  as  well  In  the  lands  and  fees  which  pieu  <* 
the  same  Earl  and  Blanche  now  hold  of  the  aforesaid  pur- 
party  of  the  same  Blanche,  as  in  the  lands  and  fees  which 
were  of  the  aforesaid  Matilda,  and  which  the  same  Earl, 
and  Blanche  as  sister  and  heir  of  the  same  Matilda,  now 
hold  of  the  inheritance  aforesaid,  and  also  in  the  lands  and 
fees  of  the  same  inheritance  which  are  hereafter  to  remain 
or  revert  to  the  same  Earl  and  Blanche,  when  they  shall 
come  into  their  hands;  and  also  all  finee  and  amercements  pinwud 
of  all  their  men  and  tenants  wheresoever  the  same  men  and  ■»»>*■ 
tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  all  chuieii  ut 
their  men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  per- 
sons condemned.  Wherefore  we  will  and  strictly  command 
for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  his  heirs 
aforesaid  for  ever  shall  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  and  all  pleas  of  vritbemam  in  their  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid;  and  all  fines  and  amercements  of  all  their 
men  and  tenants  aforesaid,  wheresoever  the  same  men  and 
tenants  shall  happen  to  make  fine  or  be  amerced  in  the 
courts  of  us  and  our  heirs ;  and  also  all  the  chattels  of  their 
men  and  tenants,  being  felons  and  fugitives  and  persons 
condemned,  as  is  aforesaid,  and  in  the  same  manner  in 
which  Henry  late  Earl  of  Lancaster,  father  of  the  afore- 
said Duke,  or  the  same  Duke,  to  whom  we  granted  by  our 
charters  successively  to  have  the  like  liberties  In  Uieir  lands 


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Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglite,  Dominus  Hiberni»  et  Aquita- 
u\Bi,  archiepiscopia,  episcopiB,  dudbus,  abbatibus,  pri- 
oribuB,  comitibus,  baronibus,  juBUttariis,  vicecomitibust 
prsepositis,  ministna,  et  omnibus  baltivis  et  fidelibus  Buis, 
Balutem.  ScialiB  quod  cum  nos  nuper  septimo  die  Maii 
anno  regni  nostri  sexto  decimo  per  cartam  Dostram  con- 
cesserimus  pro  nobia  et  hieredlbus  noatria  Henrico  tunc 
Comiti  Lancaatrite  quod  ipse  et  hseredes  sui  do  corpore  suo 
procreati  et  omnes  bomines  sui  imperpetuum  esBent  quieti 
de  pavagio  passagio  paagio  lastagio  Btallagio  taliagio  cari- 
agio  pesaj^o  picca^o  et  terragio  per  totum  r^num  et 
potestatem  noBtram ;  et  quod  idem  Comes  et  heredes  sui 
prsedicti  imperpetuum  baberent  retoma  omnium  breTiam 
nostroTum  et  hteredum  noatrorum  ac  summonitionum  de 
BCBCcario  noBtro  et  hBredum  nostrorum,  et  attacbiamen- 
ta  tam  de  placitis  corons  quam  de  aliia  quibuacunque  in 
omnibus  terns  et  feodis  suia;  ita  quod  nullus  Ticecomes 
vel  alius  ballivus  aeu  minister  noster  vel  hieredum  noatro- 
rum terras  aeu  feoda  ilia  iogrederetur  ad  executionee  eoniD- 
dem  brevium  et  aummonitionum,  seu  ad  attacbiamenta 
de  placitis  coronfc  vel  aliis  pnedict^a  aut  aliquod  aliud  offi- 
dum  ibidem  fadendura,  nisi  in  defectum  ipsiuB  Comitis  et 
hseredum  auorum  prsedictorum  ac  ballivorum  et  miniatro- 
rum  suorum  in  tenia  et  feodia  suis  prsdictia.  Et  quod 
baberent  catalla  hominum  et  tenentium  Buonun  felonum 
et  fugitivorum;  ita  quod  Bi  quia  bominum  vel  tenentium 
auorum  pro  delicto  buo  vitam  vel  membrum  deberet  amit- 
tere  vel  fugeret  et  judicio  stare  nollet  vel  aliud  quodcum- 
que  delictum  faceret  pro  quo  catalla  sua  deberet  perdere,  ubi- 
cunque  justida  de  eo  fieret,  aive  in  curia  nostra  vel  htere- 
dum nostrorum  aive  in  alia  curia,  ipsa  catalla  eaaaat  ipetua 
Comitis  et  hteredum  suorum  prsedictomm,  et  quod  liceret 
eis  vel  ministris  suia  aine  impedimento  nostri  vel  bseredum 


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ns 

and  fees,  had  the  Bane  liberties  and  was  accustomed  reason- 
ably to  use  them.    These  b^ng  witnesBes,  Simon  Arcb- 
bisbop  of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England;  WilUain 
Bishop  of  Winchester,  our  Chimcellor;  Simon  Bishop  of 
Ely,  our  Treasurer;  Edward  Prince  of  Wales,  our  moat 
dear  eldest  son;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  Thomas  Earl 
of  Warwick ;  and  William  Earl  of  Salisbury,  and  others. 
Given  under  our  hand  at  Westminster  on  the  twelfth  day 
of  May,  in  the  thirty-sixth  year  of  our  reign.     WE  have  in- 
spected also  s  certain  charter  of  ours  made  in  these  words : 
RICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  i»i>  sept. 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present  let-  *■■■  '*"■ 
ters  shall  come,  greeting.      We  hare  inspected  a  certun 
charter  of  our  most  dear  Lord  and  grandfather  Lord  Ed- 
ward, late  King  of  England,  deceased,  lately  made  to  our 
dearest  uncle  John  King  of  Castille  and  Leon,  Duke  of  Lan- 
caster, son  of  our  same  grandbther,  by  name  of  John  Duke 
of  Lancaster,  and  to  Blanche,  late  his  wife,  in  these  words: 
EowARDf  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  Lord  'J'^^'^j 
of  Ireland   and   Aquitaine,   to  his   archbishops,   bishops,  *■"■  ''"- 
dukes,  abbots,  priors,  earla,  barons,  justices,  sheriSs,  reeves, 
Dunisters,  and  all  liis  bailifib  and  faithful  people,  greeting. 
Know  ye,  that  whereas  we  did  lately,  on  the  seventh  day  bmim  of 
of  May,  in  the  sixteenth  year  of  our  reign,  grant  by  our  rm  uv. 
charter,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  Henry  then  Earl  of  Lan-  ^""f  Jj„. 
caster,  that  he  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  begotten,  and  '"'"' 
all  his  men  for  ever,  should  be  quit  of  paviage,  passage, 
payage,  lastage,  stallage,  tallage,  carriage^  pesage,  picage, 
and  groundage  throughout  all  our  realm  and  dominions; 
and  that  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  for  ever 
should  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
summons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  beirs,  and  the 
attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  as  of  other  pleas 
<t  2 


^d  by  Google 


114 

noatrorum  Ticecomitum  aut  aliorum  ballivoram  seu  mi- 
nistrorum  nostroram  quorumcunque  ponere  se  in  seisi- 
nom  de  catallis  pnedictis  «t  ea  ad  usum  ipsius  Comitis  et 
hseredum  Buorum  pnedictorum  retinere.  Et  etiam  quod 
baberent  imperpetuum  omnes  fines  pro  transgreesionibus 
et  aliis  delicUe  quibiiBCunque  et  fines  pro  licentia  concor- 
dandi)  et  omnia  amerciamenta  redemptiones  et  exituB 
forisfactos ;  ac  forisfacturas,  annum  diem  vastum  et 
etreppum,  et  omnia  qnse  ad  nos  et  hseredes  nostros  per- 
tjnere  possent  de  hujusmodi  anno  die  vseto  et  murdris 
de  omnibus  hominibuB  et  tenentibus  de  terris  et  feodta 
Buie  quibuscunque  in  quibuecunque  curiis  noBtriB  et  hsere- 
dum nostrorum  homines  et  tenentes  illos,  tam  coram  nobis 
et  heeredibua  noatris,  et  in  cancellaria  nostra  et  bsredum 
nostrorum,  et  coram  tbesaurario  et  banmibus  nostris  et 
hseredum  nostrorum  de  ecaccario,  et  coram  justitiariis 
nostris  et  heeredum  nostrorum  de  banco,  et  coram  eenea- 
callo  et  marescalliB  seu  clerico  mercati  hospitii  nostri  et 
hseredum  nostrorimi,  ac  aliis  curiis  nostris  et  heeredum 
nostrorum,  quam  coram  justitiariis  itinerantibus  ad  com- 
munia  placita  et  ad  placita  forests  et  quibuscunque  aliis 
jiietitiariis  et  ministris  nostris  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  tam 
in  prsesentia  nostra  et  heeredum  nostrorum  quam  in  ab- 
sentia nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  fines  facere  vel 
amerciari,  exitus  foriafacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum  seu 
forisfacturas  et  murdra  adjudicari  contingeret;  quse  fines, 
amerciamenta,  redemptiones,  exitus,  annus  dies  vaetum 
give  Btreppum,  foriafacturo;  et  murdra,  ad  nos  vel  hsere- 
des QOstros  pertinere  posaent,  si  preefato  Comiti  et  hse- 
redibus  suis  praedictis  concessa  nou  fuissent  Ita  quod 
idem  Comes  et  hseredes  sui  prsedicti,  per  se  vel  per  balli- 
vos  et  ministros  sues,  fines,  amerciamenta,  redemptiones, 
exitus,    et    forisfacturas    hujusmodi    hominum   et  tenen- 


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114 

whatsoever  in  all  their  lands  and  fees;  so  that  no  eheriff  or 
other  bailiff  or  minister  of  us  or  our  heirs  should  enter 
those  lands  or  fees  to  execute  the  same  writs  and  summons, 
or  to  make  attachment  of  the  pleas  of  the  crown  or  other 
pleas  aforesaid,  or  to  do  any  other  office  there,  unless  in 
default  of  the  same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  and  their 
batli£fe  and  ministers  in  their  lands  and  fees  aforesud. 
And  that  they  should  have  the  chattels  of  their  men  and 
tenants  heing  felons  and  fugitives;  so  that  if  any  one  of 
their  men  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  for  bis 
oflence,  or  should  See  «id  be  unwilling  to  stand  his 
trial,  or  commit  any  other  offence  for  t^e  which  be 
ought  to  lose  his  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  should 
be  bad  of  him,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs, 
or  in  any  other  court,  such  chattels  should  belong  to  the 
same  Earl  and  his  heirs  aforesiud,  and  that  it  should  be 
lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers,  without  binderance  of 
us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sherifis  or  other  bailifis  or  mi- 
nisters whomsoever,  to  put  themselves  in  seizin  of  the 
chattels  aforesaid,  and  to  retain  them  to  the  use  of  the 
same  £arl  and  his  heirs  aforesaid.  And  also  that  they 
should  have  for  ever  all  fines  for  trespasses  and  other 
offences  whatsoever,  and  fines  for  licence  to  agree,  and 
all  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited  issues  and  for- 
feitures, year,  day,  waste,  and  estrepement,  and  all  things 
which  could  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  like  year, 
day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in  respect  of  all  the  men  and 
tenants  of  their  lands  and  fees  whatsoever,  in  any  soever 
of  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,  where  such  men  and 
tenants  should  happen  to  make  fine,  or  be  amerced  or 
forfeit  issues,  or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfeitures 
and  murders  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us 
and  our  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  ua  and  our  heirs, 


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dum  Buorum  pnedictorum,  et  omnia  qiise  ad  noe  et  bsera- 
des  noetroa  pertinere  possent  de  ftnno  die  at  vaato  sive 
Btreppo  et  murdnB  priedictis,  levare  perdpere  et  habere 
posBenI,— «ae  occasione  vel  impedimeiito  nostri  aut  baei^- 
dum  BOBtronun,  justidariorum,  eBCaetorum,  Ticecomitum, 
coronatorum,  aut  aliorum  balliTomin  seu  miDiBtrorum  ntw- 
troram  quonimcunque.  Quam  quidem  cartam  post  mor- 
tem prsedicti  ComiUa  Henricus  filius  et  heeres  ejuadem 
Comitis,  cui  omnia  ten-se  et  tenementa  qu»  Aierunt  ipaiiu 
Comitia  jure  bsereditario  desceadebant^  nobis  ex  certis 
causis  reddidit  cancellandam,  et  ea  de  causa  carta  ilia 
cancellatur  aicut  per  inapectionem  rotulorum  canoellariie 
noetrfe  nobis  constat  Nob  advertentes  ea  quee  sic  in  feodo 
talliato  pr»fato  Comiti  et  hferedibuB  de  corpoie  buo  procre- 
atis  per  noB  concessa  fuerunt,  et  de  quibus  preedictoe  Cornea 
Tirtute  coDceasionis  nostrte  prsedictse  fuit  aeiaitus  in  domi- 
nico  BUO  ut  de  feodo  die  quo  obiit,  per  reddidonem  cartsB 
prfedictse  nobis  per  prcedictum  Henricum  filium  Henria 
ac  factam,  aut  per  quodcunque  aliud  factum  ejuadem  Hen- 
rici  filii,  in  prsejudicium  et  exbffiredationem  haeredum  buo- 
Tum  de  corpore  suo  exeuntjmn,  secundum  legem  et  consue- 
tudinem  regni  nostri  adnuUari  non  poaae,  aed  in  suo  robore 
permanere  debere,  ac  volentes  ea  conuderatione  cariasuno 
filio  nostro  Jofaauni  nunc  Duci  Lancastrise  qui  Blaacbiani, 
filiam  et  bffiredem  prsedieti  Henrid  filii  Henrici  postmodum 
Ducis  Lancastiiie,  duxit  in  uxorem,  et  eidem  Blanchii^ 
qui  quidem  Johannes  et  Blanchia  omnia  terras  et  tene- 
menta, qusR  fuerunt  tam  prsedieti  Henrici  patris  quam 
prsefati  Henrici  Blii  jure  hsereditario,  ut  in  jure  prffidictn 
Blanchise  de  corpore  prsedieti  Henrici  filii  Henrid  pro- 
creaUe,  jam  tenent,  gratiam  facere  apedalem,  dictam  con- 
ceasionem  nostram  preefato  Henrico  Comiti,  ut  pnemittitur, 
factam,  praafatis  Johauni  nunc  Dud  Lancastri»  et  Blancbise 


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115 

and  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  eichequer 
of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the  justices  of  the  bench 
of  us  and  our  beira,  and  before  the  steward  and  marshals 
or  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  the  household  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  and  in  other  the  courts  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
as  before  the  justices  in  eyre,  to  hold  common  pleas  aud 
pleas  of  the  forest,  and  before  all  other  justices  and  mi- 
nisters of  ua  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  id  pre- 
sence of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  ua  and  our 
heirs;  which  fines,  amercements,  ransom^  issues,  year, 
day,  waste,  or  estrepement,  forfeitures,  and  murders, 
would  have  pertainnl  to  us  or  our  heirs,  if  they  had 
not  been  granted  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  and  his  heirs 
aforesaid.  So  that  the  same  Earl  and  hia  bwrg  afore- 
said, by  themselves  or  by  their  bulilb  and  ministers, . 
might  levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  amercements, 
ransoms,  issues,  and  forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and 
tenants  aforesaid,  and  ail  things  which  could  pertain  to 
us  and  our  heirs  of  the  year,  day,  and  waste  or  estrepe- 
ment, and  murders  aforesaid,— without  let  or  hinderance 
of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  justices,  escheators,  sheriffs, 
coroners,  or  other  our  bailift  or  ministers  whomsoever. 
Which  said  charter,  after  the  death  of  the  aforesud  Earl,  aomndec 
Henry,  son  and  heir  of  the  same  Earl  (to  whom  all  the  1^*?^ 
lands  and  tenements  which  were  of  the  same  Earl  did  by  be-  i™"**- 
reditary  right  descend),  for  certain  causes  surrendered  unto 
us  to  be  cancelled,  and  therefore  the  charter  ts  cancelled,  as 
to  us  appears  by  inspection  of  the  rolls  of  our  chancery. 
We,  taking  into  consideration  that  those  things  which  Ttmtnottm 
had  been  so  granted  by  us  in  fee*tail  to  the  aforesaid  Earl  «« if^r 
and  the  heirs  of  his  body  begotten,  and  whereof  the  afore- 
said Earl  by  virtue  of  our  grant  aforesaid  was  seised  in 
his  demesne  as  of  fee  on  the  day  of  his  death,  could  not 


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116 

uxori  ejus  duximuB  inoovandam,  et  conceseimus  et  bac 
carta  nostra  confirmaTimus,  pro  nobis  et  hEeredibus  ooBtrist 
nsdem  Jobanni  Dud  et  Blanchie  quod  ipsi  et  beeredes 
Bui  de  corporibuB  ipsorum  Johannis  et  Blanchise  procreati 
et  omnoB  homines  sui  de  terris  et  feodis  quae  Aierunt 
priedicti  Henrid  paths  dicto  septimo  die  Mail  imperpetuum 
sint  quieti  de  pavagio,  passagio,  paagio,  laatagio,  stallagio, 
tallagio,  caria^o,  pesagio,  picca^o,  et  terragio  per  totum 
regnum  et  potestatem  nostram ;  et  eUam  quod  iidem  Dux  et 
Blancbia  et  hseredes  siu  pnedicti  imperpetuum  babeant 
retorna  omnium  brevium  noetrorum  et  baeredum  nostrorum, 
ac  BummonitioDum  de  scaccario  nostro  et  hseredum  nos- 
trorum, et  attachiamenta  tarn  de  pladtis  coronee  quam  de 
aliis  quibuscunque  in  omnibus  terris  et  feodis  prsdicds; 
ita  quod  nullus  vicecomes  vel  alius  ballivue  seu  miniBter 
noster  vel  bsredum  nostrorum  terras  seu  feoda  ilia  in- 
grediatur  ad  executtones  eorundem  brevium  et  sum- 
monitionum,  seu  ad  attachiamenta  de  placitis  coronae 
Tel  aliis  prsedictiB  ant  aliquod  aliud  offidum  ibidem 
fadendum,  nisi  in  defectum  ipsorum  Duels  et  Blanchin 
et  hieredum  suorum  prsedictorum  ac  ballivorum  et  mim»- 
trorum  suorum  in  terris  et  feodis  suis  prsedictiB.  Et  etiam 
quod  babeant  catalla  bomiuum  et  tenentium  suorum  fe- 
lonum  et  fugitjvorum;  ita  quod  bi  quis  hominum  vel  tenen- 
tium Buorum  pro  delicto  suo  vitam  vel  membrum  debeat 
amittere  vel  fugerit  et  judido  stare  noluerit  vel  aliud 
quodcunque  delictum  fecerit  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeat 
perdere,  ubicunque  justitia  de  eo  fieri  debeat  stve  ia 
curia  nostra  vel  baeredum  nostrorum  aire  in  alia  curia, 
ipsa  catalla  dnt  ipsorum  Duels  et  Blancbiee  et  heeredum 
suorum  prsedictorum,  et  quod  liceat  eis  seu  ministris  suia 
Bine  impedimento  uostri  vel  baeredum  nostrorum  vicecomi- 
tum  aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  ministrorum  noetrorum  quo- 


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116 

by  any  eurrender  of  the  charter  aforesaid  to  us  so  made 
by  the  aforesaid  Henry  the  son  of  Henry,  nor  by  any 
other  act  of  the  same  Henry  the  son,  in  prejudice  and 
disheriaou  of  his  heirs  of  his  body  issuiDg,  be  annulled 
according  to  the  law  and  custom  of  our  realm,  but  ought 
to  rem»n  in  their  full  force,  and  being  willing,  with  that 
conuderation,  to  shew  especial  favor  to  our  most  dear  son 
John  now  Duke  of  Lancaster  (who  took  to  wife  Blanche, 
daughter  and  heir  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  son  of  Henry, 
afterwards  Duke  of  Lancaster),  and  to  the  same  Blanche, 
which  same  John  and  Blanche  now  hold  by  hereditary 
right,  as  in  right  of  the  aforesaid  Blanche,  begotten  of 
the  body  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  son  of  Henry,  all  the 
lands  and  tenements  which  were  as  well  of  the  aforesaid 
Henry  the  father,  as  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  the  son,  have  amnndiii 
thought  fit  to  renew  our  said  grant,  made  as  is  premised  Duktof 
to  the  aforesaid  Earl  Henry,  unto  the  aforesaid  Jphn  now  "■>  biucIm 
Duke  of  Lancaster  and  Blanche  bis  wife;   and  we  have  SSfrfHmiJ 
granted,  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed,  for  ub  ^^^u^ 
and  our  heiiB,  to  the  same  Duke  John  and  Blanche,  that 
they  and  their  heirs  of  the  bodies  of  the  same  John  and 
Blanche  begotten,  and  all  their  men  of  the  lands  and  fees 
which  were  of  the  aforesaid  Henry  the  father  on  the  said 
seventh  day  of  May,  may  be  for  ever  quit  of  paviage,  paa-  AoquittuM 
•age,  payage,  lastage,  stallage,  talUge,  carriage,  pesage, 
picage,  and  groundage  throughout  all  our  realm  and  domi- 
nion ;  and  also  that  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their 
heirs  aforesaid  for  ever,  may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  "jJ^Jj 
us  and  our  heirs,  and  summons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  \^^^^ 
our  heirs,  and  the  attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  *""' 
as  of  other  pleas  whatsoever  in  all  the  lands  and  fees  afore-  ^l^*^^ 
sud;  BO  that  no  sheriff,  or  other  bailiff  or  minister  of  us 
or  our  heirs,  may  enter   those  lands  or  fees,  to  execute 


i  by  Google 


117 

nimcunque  ponere  ee  in  seiBinain  de  catallis  prffidictiB  et  ea 
ad  UBUin  ipaorum  Duds  et  Blanchise  et  faseredum  Buorum 
praBdictoTum  retinere.  Et  etiam  quod  habeont  imperpe- 
tuum  omoeB  fines  pro  transgreBBioDibuB  et  aliis  delictis  qui- 
buscunque  et  etiam  fines  pro  licentia  concordandi,  ac  ooania 
unerdameota  redemptiooee  et  exitus  forisfactos,  ac  faris- 
fecturaS)  uiDuni  diem  et  rastum  et  streppum,  et  omnia  qusB 
ad  noB  et  hseredes  Dostroa  pertinere  poterunt  de  bujusmodi 
anno  die  et  vasto  et  murdriB  de  omnibus  bominibua  et  te- 
nentibuB  de  dictis  terns  et  feodie  quffi  fuerunt  dicti  Hen- 
rici  patris  dicto  septimo  die  Maii,  in  quibuscunque  curiia 
nostris  et  hasredum  noBtrorum  bomines  et  tenentes  illofl, 
tarn  coram  nobis  et  hseredibus  nostris,  et  in  cancellaria 
nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  ac  coram  thesaurario  et 
baronibus  nostris  et  b«eredum  nostrorum  de  8caccari<^  et 
coram  justitiariis  nostris  et  hseredum  nostrorum  de  banco» 
ac  coram  senescallo  et  marescaUis  seu  clertco  tnercati 
boepitii  nostri  et  faseredum  nostrorum,  qui  pro  tempore 
fueriot,  et  aliis  curiie  nostris  et  bseredum  nostrorum, 
quam  coram  justiuariis  itinerantibus  ad  communia  p]a- 
cita  et  ad  placita  forestte  et  quibuscunque  aliis  jus- 
titiariis et  ministris  nostris  et  haereduni  nostrorum, 
tam  in  prffisentia  nostra  et  baeredum  noBtrorum  quam 
in  absentia  nostra  et  bsredum  noBtrorum,  fines  focere  vel 
amerdari,  exitua  forisfacere,  annum  diem  et  vastum  aeu 
forisbcturaa  et  murdra  adjudicari  contigerit;  quae  fines, 
amerciamenta,  redemptiones,  exitus,  annus  dies  vastum 
give  streppum,  foris^turee  et  murdra,  ad  nos  vel  bsredes 
nostros  poaaent  pertinere,  si  prsB&tis  Duci  et  Blancbiie  et 
bseredibus  suis  prsedictis  concessa  non  fuiaaenL  Ita  quod 
iidem  Dux  et  Blancbia  et  hseredes  sui  priedicti,  per  se  vel 
per  ballivoB  et  ministros  suos,  fines,  amerciamenta,  redemp- 
tionea,    exitus,    et   forisfacturas    bujusmodi   bominum  et 


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the  same  vrita  aad  Bummons,  or  to  make  attachment  of 
the  pleas  of  the  crown  or  other  pleas  aforesaid,  or  to  do 
aoy  other  office  there,  unless  in  default  of  the  same  Duke 
and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid,  and  their  baiUA 
and  ministers  in  their  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.  And  also  chMMUor 
that  they  may  have  the  chattels  of  their  men  and  tenants 
heing  felons  and  fugitives;  so  that  if  any  one  of  their 
men  or  tenants  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb  for  hie  offence, 
or  should  flee  and  be  unwilling  to  stand  his  trial,  or 
commit  any  other  offence  for  the  which  he  ought  to 
lose  his  chattels,  wheresoever  justice  should  he  had  of 
him,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any 
other  court,  such  chattels  shall  belong  to  the  same  Duke 
and  Blandie,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid.  And  that  it  shall 
be  lawful  for  ^em  or  their  ministers,  without  hinderance 
*of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sherifis,  or  other  bailiflb  or 
ministers  whomsoever,  to  put  themselves  in  seizin  of  the 
chattels  aforesaid,  and  retain  them  to  the  use  of  the  same 
Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid.  And  also  nntinid 
that  they  may  have  for  ever  all  fines  for  trespasses  and  B,mu,iia- 
other  offences  whatsoever,  and  also  the  fines  for  licence  J^"™^ 
to  agree,  and  all  amercements,  ransoms,  and  forfeited 
issues  and  forfeitures,  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  estrepe- 
ment,  and  all  things  which  can  pertain  to  us  and  our 
heirs,  of  the  like  year,  day,  and  waste,  and  murders,  in 
respect  of  all  the  men  and  tenants  of  the  svd  lands  and 
Cees,  which  were  of  the  said  Henry  the  father  on  the 
said  seventh  day  of  May,  in  any  soever  of  the  courts  of 
UB  and  our  heirs,  where  such  men  and  tenants  shall 
happen  to  make  fine,  or  be  amerced,  or  forfeit  issues, 
or  such  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  forfeitures  and  murders, 
happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the 


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tenentium  suoruin  prsedictonun,  et  omnia  quae  ad  nos  et 
heeredes  nostroa  pertinere  poteruDt  de  anno  die  et  rasto  sive 
streppo  et  murdris  prsdictis,  lerare  percipere  et  habere 
pOBainti — sine  occaeione  vel  impedimento  nostri  vel  faser^ 
dum  nostrorum,  jostitiarioTum,  escaetoruni,  Ticecomitum, 
coronatOTum,  aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  mioistrorum  nos- 
trorum quorumcunque.  Quare  volumuH  et  firmiter  pree- 
(npimuB  pro  nobis  et  bseredibuB  noatriB  quod  pnefali  Dux 
et  Blancbia  et  b^eredes  sui  preedicti  imperpetuum  babeaot 
omnes  libertatea  praedictas  eicut  prsBdictum  est,  et  eis  et 
earum  qualibet  decsetero  plene  gaudeant  et  utantur,  reddi- 
tione  seu  cancellatione  cart»  prsedict^e  non  obstante.  Ita 
quod  n  prffidicti  Dux  et  Blancbia  sine  bserede  de  cor- 
poribue  Buis  exeunte  obierint,  tunc  omnes  et  singul» 
libertates  praedlctee,  post  mortem  ipBorum  Duds  et 
Blanchise  ad  nos  et  bseredes  nostros  integre  rever- 
taotur.  Hiis  testibus,  venerabilibus  patribus,  Simone 
ELiensi  Cancellario,  Jobaune  Batboniensi  et  Wellensi  Tbe- 
BEuraiio,  nostris,  Episcopis,  Leonello  Duce  Clarendse  filio 
ooBtro  carissimo,  Humfrido  de  Bobun  Herefordiae,  Ricardo 
Arundellise,  Comitibus,  Edwardo  le  Despenser  Domino  de 
Glamorgan  et  Morganuow^  Guidone  de  Bryan,  Jobanoe 
atte  Lee  Senescallo  bospitii  nostri,  et  aliis.  Data  per 
manum  nostram  apud  Westmouasterium  quaitodeinmo  die 
JuUi,  anno  regni  nostri  triceaimo  octavo.  NOS  autem 
cartam  supradictam  ac  omnes  donaUones  concessiones  et 
omnia  alia  in  eadem  contenta  pro  nobis  et  bseredibus  nos- 
tris tenore  prsesenlium  ratificamus  et  confirmamus,  juxta 
tenorem  et  effectum  cartae  supradict».  In  cujus  rei  tes- 
timonium baa  literas  nostras  fieri  fedmua  patentee.  Teste 
me  ipso  apud  Westmouasterium  quiatodedmo  die  Septem- 
bris  anno  regni  nostri  primo.  INSPEXIMUS  insuper 
quaudam   aliam    cartam   noBtram    lactam   in   baec  verba: 


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118 

treasurer  and  barona  of  tbe  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heira, 
and  before  tbe  justices  of  tbe  bench  of  ua  and  our  heirs,  and 
before  tbe  steward  and  margfaals,  or  tbe  clerk  of  tbe  market 
of  the  household  of  us  and  our  heirs  for  the  time  being, 
and  in  other  tbe  courts  of  os  and  our  heirs,  as  before 
tbe  justices  in  eyre,  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of 
tbe  forest,  and  before  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of 
us  and  our  heirs  vbomsoever,  as  well  in  presence  of  us 
and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  us  and  our  heirs;  which 
fines,  amercements,  ransoms,  issues,  year,  day,  waste,  or 
estrepement,  forfeitures,  and  murders,  would  pertwn  to 
UB  or  our  heirs,  if  they  had  not  been  granted  to  the 
afbresud  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  aforesaid. 
So  that  tbe  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heirs  afore- 
sud,  by  themselves  or  by  ^eir  bailiffii  and  ministers,  may 
levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fines,  amercements,  ransoms, 
issues,  and  forfeitures  of  such  their  men  and  tenants  afore- 
said, and  all  things  which  cau  pertain  to  us  and  our  heirs 
of  the  year,  day,  and  waste,  or  estrepement  and  murders 
aforesaid, — without  let  or  binderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or 
of  our  justices,  escheators,  sherifis,  coroners,  or  other  our 
bailifis  or  ministers  whomsoever.  Wherefore  we  will  and 
strictly  command  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  tbe  aforesud 
Duke  and  Blanche,  and  their  heira  aforesaid,  shall  have 
all  the  liberties  aforesaid  for  ever,  as  is  aforesaid,  and 
shall  henceforth  fully  enjoy  and  use  them  and  every  of 
them,  notwithstanding  tbe  surrender  or  cancelling  of  tbe 
charter  aforesaid.  So  that  if  the  aforesaid  Duke  and 
Blanche  shall  die  without  heir  of  their  bodies  issuing, 
then  all  and  every  tbe  liberties  aforesaid,  after  tbe  death 
of  the  same  Duke  and  Blanche,  shall  entirely  revert  to 
us  and  our  heirs.  These  being  witnesses,  the  venerable 
fathers,  Simon    Bishop  of  Ely,    our    Chancellor;   John 


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119 

RICARDUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglis  et  Francia!  et  Do- 
mioufl  Hibeniis  omnibus  ad  quos  prieseates  literae  perve- 
nerint  salutem.  laapexiinus  quaadam  cartam  iDdentatam 
nuper  factaio  inter  carisaimum  domiDum  et  avum  noBtrum 
Dominum  Edwardum  Regem  Anglic  defiincttun  et  caris- 
siiDUm  filium  suum  Jobannem  Regem  Castellffi  et  Le- 
{^onia  Ducem  Lancastri»,  avunculum  nostrum,  et  aub 
magno  aigiUo  prsedicti  avi  nostri  sigillatam,  in  h»c  verba: 
Hxc  carta  indentata  facta  inter  magnificum  prtncipem 
Dominom  Edwardum  Regem  Anglise  et  Francise  et  caris- 
eimum  filium  suum  Jobannem  Regem  CasteUee  et  Legionb 
et  Ducem  Lancaatxiie  illustrem  testatur  quod  cum  idem 
Donunus  Rex  Angliae  praefatum  Jobannem  nunc  Regem 
CaatelUe  in  Comitem  Ricbemondiffi  preefecerit,  et  comita- 
torn  Ricbemondiffi  ac  bonorem  caatra  maoeria  terras  tene- 
inenta  et  omnia  alia  Iocs  ad  dictum  comitatum  pertinentia 
qnffi  Jobannes  nuper  Dux  Britanniae  et  Cornea  loci  pnedicU 
habuit  ibidem,  prsefato  Jobauni  Regi  CaBtellfe  per  nomen 
Comitis  Richemondife,  babenda  et  tenenda  sibi  et  bsere- 
dibuB  de  corpore  auo  exeuntibus  dederit  et  concesaerit 
per  cartam  euam,  prout  in  carta  praedicta  plane  liquet: 
Jamque  dictuB  Jobannes  Rex  Castellte,  cum  prcelatis  pro- 
ceiibus  comitibua  maguatibua  nobilibus  et  sapientibus  de 
condlio  re^o  exietentibus  pnehabitia  super  boc  diversis 
tractatibuB,  perpendeos  et  advertens  quod  si  comitatua 
honor  castra  maneria  terne  tenementa  et  loca  praedicta 
in  se  et  solium  regium,  a  quo  prius  exiverant,  traoBfe- 
rentur,  in  ipsiuB  Regis  Anglis  et  totius  regni  Angliae 
cotnmodum  tenderet,  quietem  pariter  et  bonorem.  Et 
propterea  dictus  Jobannes  Rex  Castellffi,  aicut  gratus 
filius,  patris  sui  beneplacita,  bonorem  et  commodum  regni 
Angliee,  euis  propriis  utilitatibuB  anteponens,  pura  et 
spontanea  voluntate  sua,  caums  et  occasiooibus  antcdictis. 


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Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  our  Treasurer;  our  most  dear 
son  Lionel  Duke  of  Clarence ;  Humphrey  de  Bobun,  Earl 
of  Hereford;   Richard  Earl  of  Arundel;  Edward  le  Do- 
Bpenser,  Ix>rd  of  Glamorgan  and  Moi^annowe;  Guy  de 
Brian ;  John  atte  Lee,  Steward  of  our  household,   and 
others.     Given  under   our  hand  at  Westminster,  on  the 
fourteenth  day  of  July,  in  the  thirty-eighth  year   of  our 
reign.     AND  we  the  charter  abovesaid,  and  all  the  dona- 
tions, grants,  and   all  other  things  therein   contained,   do 
for   us  and   our  heirs,  by   the   tenor  of  these   presents, 
ratify   and   confirm  according   to  the   tenor   and  effect  of 
the   charter   abovesaid.      Id    witness  whereof  we  have 
caused  these  our  letters  to  be  made  patent     Witness  our- 
self  at  Westminster,  on  the  fifteenth  day  of  September,  in 
the  first  year  of  our  reign.      WE  have  inspected,  more- 
over, a  certain  other  diarter  of  ours  made  in  these  words ; 
RICHARD,  by  the  grace  of  God,   King  of  England  and  '°'*|/*>^ 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present  '-■^ '"''' 
letters  shall  come,  greeting.     We  have  inspected  a  certain 
Charter  indented,  lately  made  between  our  most  dear  Lord 
and  grandfather,  Lord  Edward  late  King  of  England,  de- 
ceased, and  his  most  dear  son  John  King  of  Castille  and 
Leon,  Duke  of  Lancaster,  our  uncle,  and  sealed  under  the 
great  seal  of  our  aforesaid  grandfotber,  in   these  words: 
This   Charter    indented,    made   between    the    high    and  uttiJoH, 
mighty  prince.  Lord  Edward  King  of  England  and  France,  '-■■-  >*'■- 
and  his  most  dear  son  John,  the  illustrious  King  of  Cas- 
tille and  Leon  and  Duke  of  Lancaster,  witnesseth,  that, 
whereas  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  did  advance  EiutH 
the  aforesaid  John,   now  King  of  Castille,  to  be   Earl  of  bukiafLu- 
Richmond,  and  by  bis  charter  did  give  and  grant  unto  tbe  1^^,^ 
aforesaid  John   King  of  Castille,  by  the  name  of  Earl  of  ^^^' 
Richmond,  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor,  cas- 


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ISO 

flpecialiter  acquievit  et  concesBit  quod  comitatus  honor 
castra  maneria  terrae  tenementa  et  loca  prradicta,  necnoii 
feoda  militum  ad  eadem  camitatum  honorem  castra  ma- 
neria terras  tenemeDta  et  loca  preedicta  pertineotia,  et 
Bimiliter  advocationes  eiadem  spectantee  simul  cum  mem- 
biie  hamelettis  pratis  pascuia  pasturis  piscariis  moris  maiis- 
cie  turbariie  chaciis  parcia  boscis  warenois  hundredis  wapeo- 
tachiia  feriia  mercatis  HbertatibuB  liberis  consuetudinibus 
OBcaetis  et  omnibus  aliis  ad  preedicta  comitatum  honorem 
castra  maneria  terras  tenementa  et  loca  praedicta  qualiter- 
cuoque  et  ubicunque  spectaDtibus  sive  pertinentibus,  prte- 
fato  patri  Buo  traderentur ;  node  priedictuB  Dominus  Rex 
AngliiB  gratitudinem  prsedictam  multis  attoUens  Uudibus,  et 
TolenB  proinde  preefato  Johanni  Kegi  Caetellae,  et  in  status 
sui  BUpportationem  majorem,  retributionem  sibi  facere  com- 
petentem,  castrum  manerium  et  honorem  de  TickbuU,  cas- 
trum  et  maneritmi  de  Alto  Pecco,  cum  feodis  militum  eisdem 
castris  maneriis  et  honori  pertinentibus  nve  spectantibus,  et 
omnia  feoda  quae  dictus  Dominus  Rex  Anglis  habuit  ex 
dono  et  conceasione  Roberti  de  Lisle  militis  (feodis  quae  in 
manu  ipdus  Domini  Regis  Anglise  Bunt  extincta  dum- 
tazat  exceptis)  necnon  advocationes  ecclesiarum  de  Steyn- 
drop  et  Braunspath  in  episcopatu  Dunolmensi,  et  libera- 
rum  capellarum  de  TlckbuU  et  de  Alto  Pecco,  ac  eccleaise 
de  Marsfeld,  liberee  capellse  ibidem,  Ubene  capellm  infra 
castrum  de  Pevenese,  prioratus  de  Wilmingdon,  qui  est 
cella  abbatise  Sanct»  Mariae  de  Greston  in  Normannia, 
et  prioratus  de  Withiham,  qui  est  cella  abbati»  Sancti 
MarUni  de  Mcremest  Turon',  et  domus  Sancti  Roberti 
de  Knaresburgh ;  castrum  manerium  et  hoDorem  de  Knares- 
burgh  cum  pertinentiis,  et  bundredum  »ve  wapentachium 
de  Staynclif,  cum  pertinentiis  in  comitatu  Eboraci,  ma- 
neria  de  Clrynglay  et  WheteUy,  cum   pertinentiiB  in   co- 


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ISO 

ties,  manors,  lands,  tencmentB,  and  all  other  places  to  the 
said  earldom  pertaining,  which  John  late  Duke  of  Brit- 
tany and  Earl  of  the  aforesaid  place  had  there,  to  have 
and  hold  to  him  and  the  heirs  of  hie  body  issuing,  as  in 
the  charter  aforesaid  plainly  doth  appear :  And  now  the 
said  John  King  of  Castille,  divers  treaties  hereupon  being 
had  witli  the  prelates,  peers,  eArls,  grandees,  nobles,  and 
sages  of  the  royal  council,  well  weighing  and  consider- 
ing, tiiM,  if  the  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands, 
tenements,  and  places  aforesaid  were  to  be  transferred 
to  bim  and  the  royal  throne,  whence  they  had  first 
issued,  it  would  tend  not  less  to  the  advantage  of  the 
eiud  King  of  England,  and  the  whole  realm  of  England, 
tlian  to  the  quiet  and  honor  of  the  same.  And  for  that 
the  said  John  King  of  CaatiUe,  like  a  grateful  son,  pre- 
ferring hie  father's  pleasure,  and  the  honor  and  con- 
venience of  the  kingdom  of  England,  to  his  own  private 
advantage,  of  hie  own  pure  will  and  free  accord,  for  the 
causes  and  reasons  aforesaid,  hath  especially  acquiesced 
and  granted  that  the  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  and  places  aforesaid,  and  also  the 
knights'  fees  pertaining  to  the  same  earldom,  honor, 
castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  places  aforesaid, 
and  in  like  manner  the  advowsone  belonging  to  the  same, 
together  with  the  members,  hamlets,  meadows,  feedings, 
pastures,  fisheries,  moors,  marshes,  turbaries,  chases,  parks, 
woods,  warrens,  hundreds,  wapentakes,  fairs,  markets,  li- 
berties, free  customs,  escheats,  and  all  other  things  to  the 
aforesaid  earldom,  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements, 
and  places  aforesaid  howsoever  and  wheresoever  belong- 
ing or  pert«ning,  shall  be  given  up  to  his  aforesud  father ; 
whereupon  the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  of  England,  ex- 
tolling  with   many   praises   the   gratitude   aforesaid,   and 


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ISl 

mitatu  Notingbamise,  maneria  de  Wyghton,  Aileaham,  Fa- 
kenhanulam,  et  Snetesbam ;  necnon  hundreda  de  North- 
grenebowe,  Northerpingham,  Sutberpingbam,  et  Smetbe- 
don,  cum  perUnentiiB  in  eomitatibus  Norfolciae  et  Suffi}lci«, 
tnaaeria  de  Glatton  et  Holm,  cum  pertinent  in  comitatu 
Hunttngdoniae,  manerium  de  Saham,  cum  pertsnentiiB  in 
comitatu  Cantabrigice,  castrum  et  leucatam  de  Perenese 
ac  maneria  de  Wilyndou  et  Marsfeldj  neenoD  ballivam  de 
Endelenewyk*  cum  pertinentib  in  comitatu  Sussexiffi,  et 
liberam  chaciam  de  Alto  Pecco,  quam  dictua  Dominus 
Rex  Anglise  tenuit  in  manu  sua  ut  foreatam,  teneudam  ut 
liberam  cbaciam,  ac  liberam  chaciam  de  Aaehedon,  cum 
juribus  et  libertatibus  liberie  cbaciis  pertiDentibus ;  et 
aanuam  Snnam  duceutarum  marcarum  quam  abbas  et 
conveotuB  beatee  Man»  Eborum  ^em  Domino  Regi 
Anglife  et  bscredibus  suis  pro  tnanerio  de  Whit^ift  sol- 
vere teneatur,  percipieudam  per  manus  dictorum  abbatie 
et  conventuB  et  Buccesaorum  suorum,  dedit  et  conccBsit 
pro  Be  et  haeredlbus  euia  prsefato  Johanni  Regi  Castellse, 
habenda  sibi  et  hseredibuB  de  corpore  suo  exeuntibus  una 
cum  membris  bamelettis  pratia  paacuis  pasturis  piecariis 
motiB  mariacie  turbariis  cbadis  parcis  boBcis  wareunis 
buudredis  wapentacbiis  (eriis  mercatis  libertatibus  li- 
beris  coneuetudinibuB  c&caeHs  et  omnibus  aliis  ad  prn- 
dicta  castra  maneria  bonoreB  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam 
et  cbaciaa  qualitercunque  et  ubicunque  spectantibus  sive 
pertinentibua  de  prsefato  Domino  Rege  AngUae  et  h«re- 
dibus  suiB  per  servitia  iode  debita  et  conaueta  imper- 
petuum  in  cBCambium  pro  dic^B  comitatu  Richemondise 
hoDore  caatna  maneriis  terria  tenementis  lods  feodia  et  ad- 
vocationibua  preedictiai  quie  idem  Jobannea  Rex  Castellse 
per  banc  cartam  indeutatam  dedit  concessit  et  sursum  red- 
didit eidem  Domiuo  Regi  Angliee  et  haeredibue  suis  im- 


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181 

being  willing  therefore  to  make  competent  retribution 
to  faim  the  aforesaid  John  King  of  Caatille,  and  for  the 
better  support  of  his  station,  hath  given  and  granted 
for  himself  and  his  heire  unto  the  aforesaid  John  King 
of  Caetille  the  castl^  manor,  and  honor  of  Tickhill,  the 
caetle  and  manor  of  the  High  Peak,  with  the  knights' 
fees  to  the  same  castles,  manors,  and  honor  pertaining 
or  belonging)  and  all  the  fees  which  the  said  Lord  the 
King  of  England  had  by  the  gift  and  grant  of  Sir  Robert 
de  I^sle,  knight,  (excepting  only  those  fees  which  are 
extinct  in  the  hands  of  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  Eng- 
land,} and  also  the  adrowsons  of  the  churches  of  Sbun- 
drop  and  Brancepeth  in  the  bishopric  of  Durham,  and 
of  the  free  chapels  of  Tickhill  and  High  Peak,  and  of 
Uie  church  of  Maresfield  and  free  chapel  there,  of  the 
free  chapel  within  Pevensey  castle,  of  the  priory  of  Wil- 
ningdon,  which  is  a  cell  of  the  abbey  of  St  Mary  de 
Greeton  in  Normandy,  and  of  the  priory  of  Withiham, 
which  is  a  cell  of  the  abbey  of  St  Martin  de  Meremest 
in  Tourain,  and  of  the  house  of  St  Robert  of  Knares- 
boro'; — the  castle,  manor,  and  honor  of  Knaresboro',  with 
appurtenances;  and  the  hundred  or  wapentake  of  Stain- 
cliff,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  York ;  —  the 
manors  of  Griugley  and  Wbeatley,  with  appurtenances,  in 
the  county  of  Nottingham; — the  manors  of  Wighton,  Ayls- 
ham,  Fakenham,  and  SoettiBham,  and  also  the  hundreds  of 
North  Gieenhoe,  North  Erpingham,  South  Erpingham,  and 
Smitbdon,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  counties  of  Norfolk 
and  Suffolk; — the  manors  of  Glatton  and  Holm,  with  ap< 
purtenances,  in  the  county  of  Huntingdon;  — the  manor  of 
Soham,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Cambridge: 
— the  castle  and  leucaia  of  Pevensey,  and  the  manors  of 
WilluDgdon  and  Maresfield,  and  also  the  bailiwick  of  En- 


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128 

perpetuiim  in  cscambium  pro  castrU  maDeriis  honoribus 
hundredis  leucata  balliva  cbaciie  finna  feodis  et  advo- 
cationibus  prsedictis,  sibi  per  ipsum  Dominum  R«gein 
Angliee,  ut  prsedicitur,  datia  et  coocessis,  aub  ea  qius 
sequitur  condiljone,  quod  si  b^eredea  dicti  Johannis  Regis 
Caatellse  recuperaverint  per  judidum  inde  rite  redditum, 
comitatum  Ricbemondiae,  bonorem  caatra  maneria  terras 
tenementa  loca  feoda  et  advocaliones  praedicta  aut  ali- 
quatn  parcellam  eorundem,  rirtute  doni  tallise  eupradicti, 
et  posseBBionem  inde  babuerint,  recuperationem  illam  affir- 
mando,  liceat  eidem  Domino  Regi  Angliee  et  bferedibus  suia 
castra  manena  bonores  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam  cjiacias 
firmam  feoda  et  advocationes  praedicta,  prsetato  Johauui 
Regi  Castellse  «c  in  escambiuiD  pnedictum  data  et  con- 
cessa,  reintrare  et  teaere  imperpetuum.  Et  ai  contin- 
gat  pr»dicta  caatra  maneria  honores  buudreda  leuca^ 
tani  ballivam  c^das  firmam  feoda  et  advocationes  aut 
aliquam  parcellam  eorumdem  pnefato  Jobanni  Regi  Cas- 
tell»  it)  escambium  praedictum  aic  data  et  conceesa  ab 
eodem  Johanne  Rege  Castellee  seu  beeredibus  suia  praedio- 
tia  recuperari,  dictus  Domintis  Rex  Anglise  et  hseredea  sui 
debitam  recompensationem  pr^fato  Jobanni  Regi  Castellse 
et  baeredibus  auia  pr^dictis,  de  valore,  aine  difficnltate 
qualibet  facere  teneantur.  Dumtamen  idem  Jobannea  Rex 
Caetellffi  et  hceredes  sui  prsedicti  a  dicto  Domino  Re^ 
Angliee  aut  hferedibus  suia  auxilium  petaut^  et  debitam 
diligentiam  apponaut  circa  salvationem  de  eo  quod  versus 
eo8  peti  contingat  Et  etiam  ai  comitatum  Ricbemondise 
bonorem  castra  maneria  terras  tenementa  loca  feoda  et 
advocationes  praedicta  aut  aliquam  parcellam  eorumdem 
extra  manua  dicti  Domini  Regis  AngliGe  seu  haaredum 
suomm  in  feodo  simplici  aut  talliato  poni  contingat,  et 
imposterum  ad  manus  ejuadem  Domini  Regis  Angliffi  vel 


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delenewick,  with  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Sussex ; 
— and  the  iree  chase  of  the  High  Peak,  which  the  said 
Lord  the  Kin^  of  England  held  in  his  bands  aa  a  forest, 
to  hold  as  a  free  chase; — and  the  free  chase  of  Ashdown, 
with  the  rights  and  liberties  to  free  chaees  pertaining; — 
aud  the  yearly  farm  of  200  marks  which  the  abbot  and 
convent  of  SL  Mary''s  at  York  ^e  held  to  pay  to  the 
same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heire  for  the 
manor  of  Whitegifl,  to  he  perceived  by  the  bands  of  the 
said  abbot  and  convent,  and  their  successors : — To  have 
to  hint  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issuing,  together  with  the 
members,  hamlets,  meadows,  feedings,  pastures,  fisheries, 
moors,  marshes,  turbaries,  chases,  parks,  woods,  warrens, 
hundreds,  wapentakes,  fairs,  markets,  liberties,  free  cus- 
toms, escheats,  and  all  other  things  to  the  aforesaid  castles, 
manors,  honors,  hundreds,  lauala,  biuliwick,  and  chases 
howsoever  and  wheresoever  belonging  or  pertaining,  of 
the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs, 
by  the  serviees  therefore  due  and  accustomed  for  ever,  in 
exchange  for  the  said  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor, 
castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  places,  fees  and  advow. 
eons  aforesaid,  which  the  same  John  King  of  Castillo  by 
this  charter  indented  hath  given,  granted,  and  surrendered 
(o  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs  for 
ever  in  exchange  for  the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hundreds, 
Uueata,  bailiwick,  chases,  Utrta,  fees,  and  advowsons  afore- 
said, given  and  granted  to  him  by  the  same  Lord  the  King 
of  England  as  is  aforesaid, — under  the  condition  hereafter 
following, — that  if  the  heirs  of  the  said  John  King  of 
Castillo  shall  recover  by  judgment  thereupon  rightfully 
given  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  advowsons  aforesaid,  or 
any  parcel  thereof,  by  virtue  of  the  aforesud  gift  in  tail. 


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188 

hseredum  suorum,  ex  justa  causa,  in  feodo  deTeneriD^ 
tam  idem  DoDainus  R«x  Angliee  et  bieredes  eui  caatra 
maneria  bonores  btmdreda  leucatam  balUvam  chadas  fir^ 
mam  feoda  et  advocaUoneB  pnedicta  priefato  Jobanni  Regi 
Castellie  et  hteredibufi  de  corpore  suo  exeuatibus  sic 
data  et  coDceeea,  quam  preefatus  Johannes  Res  CaatellsB 
et  hseredes  sui  prsdicti  dictnm  comitatum  Richemondue 
ac  honorem  castra  maneria  terras  tenetnetita  loca  feoda 
et  advocationes  pnedicta  dicto  Domino  Re^  Anglis  et 
bseredibUB  suia  in  escambium  prsedictum  ut  prsemittitur 
data  et  concessa,  pro  integro  aeu  pro  rata  rebabeant  bine 
et  inde,  et  restitutio  exinde  fiat,  tenenda  prout  priua.  Et 
idem  Dominus  Rex  Angli»  et  beeredes  sui  castra  maneria 
bonores  hundreda  leucatam  ballivam  chadas  finnam  feoda 
et  advocationes  preedicta,  prseEato  Jobanni  Regi  Caetellse 
et  basredibus  de  corpore  suo  exeuntibus  per  ipsum  Do- 
miaum  Regem  Angliee  data  et  concessa,  prsefato  Jobanni 
Regi  Castellfe  et  bieredibus  suis  prffidictis  warantizabunt  et 
imperpetuum  defendent,  juxta  Tim  et  effectum  escambii 
et  condiHonum  preedictorum.  Et  dmiliter  idem  Johannes 
Rex  Castellae  et  beeredes  sui  praedictum  comitatum  Ricbe- 
mondie,  simul  cum  bonore  castris  maneriis  terris  tenemeu- 
tis  lods  feodis  et  advocationibus  prsBdictis,  preedicto  Domino 
Regi  AnglisB  et  hseredibus  suis  contra  omnes  gentes  waran- 
Uzabunt  et  imperpetuum  defendent,  juxta  rim  et  efiectum 
escambii  et  conditionum  priedictorum.  In  cujua  rei  tes- 
timonium preedictsB  cartse  indentatse  tam  sigillum  dicti  Do- 
mini Regis  AQgli2e  quam  ugiUum  dicti  Jobannis  Regis  Caa- 
tellsB  altematim  sunt  appensa.  Hiis  testibus,  Tenerabilibus 
patribus  Willielmo  Arcbiepiscopo  Cantuariensi  totius  An- 
gliaa  Primate,  Simone  Londinensi  et  Wiliielmo  Wintoniensi, 
Kpiscopis,  Edmundo  filio  dicti  Regis  Anglise  carisaimo 
Cantabrigiee,  Uicardo  Arundelliee,  Humfrido  de  Bobun  He- 


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138 

and  tfaereof  have  poaaeBaion,  affirming  that  recovery,  it  may 
be  lawful  for  the  aame  Lord  the  King  of  England  sod  his 
heire  to  re-enter  and  hold  for  ever  the  caatlea,  manors, 
honors,  hundreda,  levcata,  bailiwick,  chases,  farm,  fees,  and 
advowBODs  aforesaid  bo  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid 
John  King  of  Castille  in  exchange  as  aforesaid.  And  if 
it  happen  that  the  aforesaid  castles,  manors,  honors,  buO' 
dreds,  UHcata,  bailiwick,  chases,  farm,  fees  and  advowsons, 
or  any  parcel  thereof,  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid 
John  King  of  Castille  in  exchange  as  aforesaid,  be  re- 
covered from  Uie  same  John  King  of  Castille  or  hia  heirs 
afbres^d,  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs 
shall  be  held  to  make  due  compensation  of  the  value  to 
the  aforesaid  John  King  of  CaBtille  and  bis  heirs  aforesaid 
without  any  difficulty.  So  however,  that  the  same  John 
King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid  pray  aid  of  the 
said  Lord  the  King  of  England  ot  his  heirs,  and  apply 
due  diligence  about  the  Balvation  of  that  which  may 
happen  to  be  sued  agtunst  them.  And  also  if  it  happen 
that  the  earldom  of  Richmond,  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  places,  fees,  and  advowBons  aforesaid, 
or  any  parcel  thereof,  be  put  out  of  the  hands  of  the 
sud  Lord  the  King  of  England  or  hia  heirs  in  fee 
simple  or  tail,  and  thereafter  shall  come  by  just  cause 
into  the  hands  of  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  Enghind 
or  his  heirs  in  fee,  as  well  the  same  Lord  the  King  of 
England  and  his  heirs,  the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hun- 
dreds, leueata,  bailiwick,  chases,  farm,  fees,  and  advowsons 
aforesaid  so  given  and  granted  to  the  aforesaid  John 
King  of  CaBtille  and  the  heirs  of  his  body  issuing,  as  the 
aforesaid  John  King  of  Castille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  the 
said  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  the  honor,  castles,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,   places,  fees,   and   advowsons  aforesaid 


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1S4 
refordise  et  Willielmo  de  Monte  Acuto  Sarum,  Comitibua, 
Henrico  de  Percy,  Roberto  de  lliorp  Caocellario,  Ricardo 
de  Scrop  Thesaurario,  Willielmo  Latymer  Camerario,  Jo- 
haone  de  Neville  Senescallo  hospitii  preedicti  Domini  Regis 
Anglise,  Johaane  Koyvet,  Willielmo  de  Fynchedene,  Jo- 
hanne  Moubray,  Thoma  de  Ingelby,  Willielmo  de  Wy- 
cbyngbam,  Rogero  de  Meres  et  Jobanne  de  Cavendisab, 
GJuedem  Domini  Regis  AoglisB  justitiariis,  etaltis.  Data 
apud  Westmonaaterium  vicesimo  quinto  die  Junti,  anno 
regni  dicti  Domini  Regis  Angliae,  Anglise  quadragesimo 
sexto,  regni  vero  sui  Franciae  tricesimo  terlio,  INSPEXI- 
MUS  eUam  quandam  aliam  cartam  prsefati  avi  nostri 
nuper  foctam  prsedicto  avunculo  noatro  in  bsec  verba: 
EowARDVs,  Dei  gratia  Rex  AngUsB  et  Franciee,  et  Do- 
minus  Hiberniae,  arcbiepiscopis,  episcopis,  abbatibus,  pri- 
oribusi  ducibuB,  comitibua,  baronibue,  militibus,  justiti- 
ariis, vicecomitibus,  prsepositis,  ballivis,  ministris,  et  alUs 
fidelibua  auis,  salutem.  Sciatis  quod  cum  nuper  per  cartam 
nostratn  indentatam  dederimus  et  concesserimus  pro  nobis 
et  bseredibuB  nostris  quantum  in  nobis  fuit  carissimo  filio 
nostro  Johuini  Regi  Caatellee  et  Legionis,  Dad  Lancastrian, 
castrum  manerium  et  bonorem  de  Tickhull,  ac  alia  terras 
et  tenements  in  dicta  carta  nostra  specificata  cum  perti- 
nentiis ;  habeada  sibi  et  heeredibus  de  corpore  suo  exeun- 
tibus  in  escambium  pro  comitatu  Ricbemoudiee,  ac  honore 
castris  maneriis  terris  tenements  et  omnibus  aliis  locus  ad 
dictum  comitatum  pertinentibus  nobis  et  heeredibus  nostris 
per  prasfatum  filium  nostrum  datis  concessis  et  sursum  reddl- 
tis,  prout  in  carta  nostra  prsdicta  plenius  continetur ;  ac  jam 
prselatUB  filius  noster  nobis  supplicaTerit  ut  cum  villa  de 
Grenstede  quae  ut  parcella  manerii  de  Marsfeld,  villa  de 
Seford  quee  ut  parcella  castri  et  lencatae  de  Peveusey, 
et  villa  de  Laghton  in  Mortfayng  quae  ut  parcella  castri 


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184 

given  and  granted  to  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England 
and  his  heira  in  exchange  aforesaid,  as  is  premised,  may 
have  back  on  either  side  entirely  or  proportionately, 
and  restitutioD  thereupon  be  made,  to  hold  aa  before. 
And  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  and  his  heirs, 
the  castles,  manors,  honors,  hundreds,  Uucata,  bailiwick, 
chases,  farm,  fees  and  odvowsons  sforesud  given  and 
granted  by  the  same  Lord  the  King  of  England  to  the 
aforesaid  John  King  of  Caalille  and  the  heirs  of  his  body 
issuing  will  warrant  and  for  ever  defend  to  the  aforesud 
John  King  of  Caetille  and  his  heirs  aforesaid,  according 
to  the  force  and  effect  of  the  exchange  and  conditions 
aforesud.  And  in  like  manner  the  same  John  King  of 
Caetille  and  his  heirs,  the  aforesud  earldom  of  Ricfamond, 
together  with  the  honor,  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenement^ 
places,  fees,  and  advowsons  aforesaid,  against  all  men  will 
warrant  and  for  ever  defend  to  the  aforesaid  Lord  the 
King  of  England  and  his  heirs,  according  to  the  force 
and  effect  of  the  exchange  and  conditions  aforesaid.  In 
witness  whereof,  as  well  the  seal  of  the  said  Lord  the 
King  of  England,  as  the  seal  of  the  said  John  King  of 
Castillo,  alternately  are  set  to  the  aforesaid  charter  in- 
dented. Iltese  being  witnesses,  the  venerable  fathers, 
William  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  Eng- 
land;  Simon  Bishop  of  London,  and  William  Bishop  of 
Winchester;  Edmund  Earl  of  Cambridge,  the  most  dear 
son  of  the  said  King  of  England;  Richard  Karl  of  Arundel; 
Humphrey  de  Bohun,  Earl  of  Hereford,  and  William  de 
Montacute,  Earl  of  Salisbury;  Henry  de  Percy;  Robert 
de  Thorp,  Chancellor ;  Richard  de  Scroope,  Treasurer ; 
William  Latymer,  Chamberlain ;  John  de  Neville,  Steward 
of  the  household  of  the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  of  Eng- 
land; John  Knyvet,  William  dc  Fynchedene,  John  Mou- 


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125 

et  honoria  de  'Hckhull,  Bibi  in  certum  valorem  id  escam- 
bium  prcedictum  (nulla  spedali  meotione  facta  de  viilis  illis 
in  dicta  carta  nostra)  liberata  fuerunt,  tria  grossa  per  Be 
separatim  et  non  pertinentia  ad  manerimn  de  Marsfeld 
castrum  et  leucatam  de  Perensey  et  castrum  et  bonorera 
de  Hckhull  pnedicta  exiatant,  nee  aliquo  tempore  fuerint, 
sicut  jam  ubi  datur  intelligi,  velimue  ne  ipse  aut  bse- 
redea  sui  pnedicti  super  occupatione  dictanim  TiUarum 
de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Laghton,  ob  derectum  specialis 
nominationis  earumdem  in  conoessioDe  nostra  prsedicta 
impetantur  infiitunin)»  ^ctas  tt]laa  de  Grenstede,  Se- 
ford,  et  Lagfaton,  nomiiutim  sibi  concedere,  habendas  et 
tenetidas  una  cum  dictis  caetro  manerio  et  honors  de 
'Hckhull,  ac  a]iis  terris  et  tenementis  Bibi  in  dictum  es- 
cambium  datis,  et  etiam  cum  libertaUbuB  quietandis  et 
immunitadbus  quas  Pbilippa  nuper  Regina  Angliae,  tunc 
couBOTB  Dostra*  quse  dicta  caBtnim  manerium  et  honorem 
de  HckhuU  et  alia  terras  et  tenementa,  eidem  filio  noetro 
per  nos  ^c  data,  tenuity  in  vita  sua  habuit  ex  concesBione 
nostra  in  eisdem,  in  recompeosaUonem  Hbertatum  qutetau' 
tiaram  et  immunitatum  quas  idem  filius  noster  in  dicto 
comitatu  Richemondise  et  bonore  castria  maneriia  tenia 
tenementis  et  aliis  locis  ad  dictum  comitatum  pertinen- 
tibus  babuit,  dum  ea  tenuit,  ante  escambium  eupradictum. 
Nos  escambium  illud  in  qualibet  parte  ejusdem  observare, 
et  tarn  quieti  dicti  filii  noBtri  et  hceredum  Buorum  preedic- 
torum  in  hac  parte  prospicere,  quam  dicta  tenementa  eidem 
filio  nostro  ut  prsemittitur  data  et  concessa  ac  dictas  villas 
de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton,  quaa  virtute  diet» 
concesaionis  noatree  aic  tenet,  libertatibus  quietantiis  et 
immunitatibus,  per  priefatam  consortem  noatram  babitis 
ut  prsemittitur  in  eisdem,  muniri  et  esomari,  in  recom- 
peusatiouem    libertatum    quictantiarum   et    immunitatum 


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IS6 

bny,  Thomaa  de  logelby,  William  de  Wychyngbam,  Roger 
de  Meres,  and  John  de  CafsndisBb,  JubUccs  of  the  same 
Lord  the  King  of  England,  and  others.     Given  at  WesU 
minster  on  the  twenty^fifUi  day  of  June,  in  the  forty-sixth 
year  of  the  reign  of  the  said  Lord  the  King  of  England, 
and  the  thirty-third  of  his  reign  of  France.     IVE  have  in- 
spected also  a  certun  other  Charter  of  our  aforesaid  grand- 
father lately  made  to  our  aforesaid  uncle,  in  these  words : 
Edward,   t>y   the   grace   of  God,    King   of  England  and  4ihJuii>, 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  hia  archbishops,  bishops,  ^'°-  ■*"' 
abbots,   priors,  dukes,  earls,  barons,  knights,  justices,  she- 
ri^  reeves,  baili^  ministers,  and  other  bis  faithful  people, 
greeting.    Know  ye,  that  whereas  we  did  lately  by  our  chaN  Redtti  that 
ter  indented  give  and  grant  for  us  and  our  heirs,  as  fsir  as  ^*',*' 
did  in  us  lie,  to  our  most  dear  son  John  King  of  Castille  and  ^^^^' 
Leon  aud  Duke  of  Lancaster  the  castle  manor  and  honor  of  ^o^' 
Tickbill  and  other  lands  and  tenements  in  our  said  charter 
specified,  with  appurtenances,  to  have  to  him  and  the  heirs  of 
his  body  issuing,  in  exchange  for  the  earldom  of  Richmond 
and   the   honor  castles  manors  lands  tenements   and  all 
other  places  to  the  said  earldom  pertmning,  given  granted 
and  surrendered  to  us  and  our  heirs  by  our  aforss^d  son, 
ae  in  our  charter  aforesaid  more  fully  is  contained;  and  J^'l*. 
now  our  aforesaid  son  hath  besought  us,  that,  whereas  the  |!||^"^,„ 
town  of  Grinstead,  which  as  parcel  of  the  manor  of  Mares-  {J^h'ilm''' 
field,  the  town  of  Seaford,  which  as  parcel  of  the  castle  and  ^I'l^tu 
Uueata  of  Pevensey,   and    the    town   of  Lauriiton>iu-le-  intiiuMta 
Morthen,  which   as   parcel   of  the   castle  and    honor  of 
Tickbill,  were  deUvered  to  him  at  a  certain  valuation  in 
the   exchange  aforesaid,  (no  special  mention  being  made 
of  those  towns  in  our  said  charter,)   be  three  towns  in 
gross  severally  of  themselves,  and  be  not  nor  were  at  any 
time  pertaining  to  the  aforesaid  manor  of  Maresfield,  castle 


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1S6 

per  prsedictum  filiura  nostrum  in  dicto  comitatu  Riche- 
mondiae  et  pertinentiis  suis  priedictis  nuper  babitarutn, 
et  preecipue  ob  epecialem  affcctionem  quam  ad  personam 
ejiisdem  filii  nostri,  suis  mentis  mAgnificis  laudabiliter 
exigentibuB,  gerlmue  et  babemus,  concessimuB  eidem  filio 
nostro  pro  aobia  et  heeredibus  nostris  quod  ipse  dictas 
villas  de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton  cum  pertineatiia 
Buis  UQiTenis,  etiam  licet  grossa  sint  per  se,  an  ut  prsedic- 
tum  est  pertinentia  ad  dictum  manerium  de  Marsfeld, 
castrum  et  leucatam  de  Pevensey  et  castrum  et  honorem 
de  Hckbull,  habeat  et  reUneat,  unacum  dictis  caatro  ma- 
nerio  et  hoaore  de  Tickhull  et  aliis  terris  et  tenementis 
prcedictis  sibi  per  nos,  ut  preemittitur,  datis,  ac  liberty 
tibus  quietantiis  et  immunitatibus  aubscriptis  (quas  prce- 
fatse  Reginse  in  dictis  terris  et  tenementis  quie  ipsa  sic 
tenuit  ad  vitam  auam,  concessimus,  halModas,  sicut  per  in- 
spectionem  rotulorum  cancellariEe  nostrse  nobis  constat), 
habendts  utendis  et  gaudendis  io  dictis  castro  manerio  et 
hoDore  de  llckbull,  ac  aliis  castris  maneriis  honoribuB 
buodredisi  et  villis  de  Grenstede,  Seford,  et  Lagbton,  ac 
aliis  terriB  tenementis  et  loins  quibuscumque  dicto  filio 
noatro,  ut  est  dictum,  per  nos  datis  et  in  dicta  carta  nos- 
tra pleniuB  specificatis,  et  qualibet  parte  eorumdem  eidem 
filio  noatro  et  dictis  bseredibus  de  corpore  suo,  ut  pr»- 
dictum  est,  procreatis,  in  escambiuoi  supradictum,  sub  modo 
et  forma  in  eadem  carta  nostra  conteutis  imperpetuum, 
videlicet,  cum  feodis  militum,  advocationibus  domorum  re- 
ligiosanun  hospitalium  ecclesiarum  et  capellarum,  wardis 
maritagits  et  eacaetis  de  omnibus  tenentibus  de  bo- 
noribua  maneriis  terris  tenementis  et  aliis  locie  prsedictia 
prsefato  filio  noatro  per  nos  sic  datis,  simul  cum  cbaciis 
parcia  boscis  warennis  feriis  mercatis  aquis  viis  piscariis 
communis  assartis  vaslie  et  purpresturis,  ac  etiam  arren- 


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and  leitcata  of  Pevensey,  and  castle  and  honor  of  Tickhill, 
as  now  he  ia  given  to  understand,  lest  he  or  his  heirs  afore- 
Bjud  should  in  future  be  impeached  in  the  occupation  of  the 
said  towns  of  Grinstead,  Seaford,  and  Laughton  for  the 
want  of  special  naming  of  the  same  in  our  grant  aforesaid, 
we  would  be  pleased  to  grant  the  said  towns  of  Grinstead,  nEint  nj 
Seaford,  and  Laughton  to  him  by  name,  to  have  and  to  j^<^  *<> 
hold  together  with  the  siud  castle  manor   and  honor  of 
Hckhill  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements  given  to  him 
in  the  said  exchange,  and  also  with  the  liberties  acquit-  tngEtiiirwitii 
tances  aod  immunities  which  Philippa,  late  Queen  of  Eng-  «uoytd  t^ 
land,  then  our  consort,  (who  held  the  said  castle,  manor,  ^'.^^^f;"" 
and  honor  of  Tickhill,  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements  'S'^^ 
so  ^ven  by  us  to  our  same  son,}  in  her  lifetime  had  in  *****' 
the  same  by  our  grant,  in  compensation  for  the  liberties 
acquittances  and  immunities  which  our  same  sod  had  in 
the  s^d  earldom  of  Richmond,  and  in  the  honor  castles  nup 
Dors  lands  tenements  and  other  places  to  the  said  earldom 
pertaining,  whilst  be  held  them  before  the  exchange  (dxive 
said.     We,  to  observe   the  sud  exchange  in   every   part  couuan. 
thereof  and  to  look  as  well  to  the  quiet  of  our  said  son  and  hii  v^ 
his  heirs  aforesaid  in  this  behalf,  as  that  the  sud  tene-  —naa, 
ments  given  and  granted  to  our  same  son  as  b  premised,  ^^J^^ 
and  the  said  towns  of  Griustead,  Seaford,  and  Laughton,  «m^'cI'' 
which  by  virtue  of  our  said  grant  he  so  holds,  be  adorned  *'"'"™*' 
and  armed  with  the  liberties  acquittances  and  immunities 
had  ia  the  same  by  our  aforesiud  consort  as  is  premised,  in 
compensation  for  die  liberties  acquittances  and  immuni- 
ties lately  bad  by  our  aforesaid  son  in  the  said  earldom  of 
Richmond  and  its  appurtenances  aforesud,  and  chiefly  on  ud  oi* 
account  of  the  special  affection  which  we  have  and  bear  for  mw**. 
the  person  of  our  same  son,  bis  high  merits  full  wordtily 
requiring  it^  have  granted  to  oiu  same  son,  for  us  and  our 


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1S7 

tationibua  et  reddidbus  quorutncumqtte  assartorum  vas- 
torum  et  purpreatarariuii  tam  temporibus  progenitc«am  uos- 
troruni  quondam  Regum  Anglioi  quam  noatro  in  chaciis 
et  aliis  lods  pnedictia  arrentatorum  et  euiuDc  arrentan- 
dontm,  una  cum  finibus  pro  ingressu  bujusmodi  assartorum 
vastorum  et  purpresturaram  sic  arrentandorum,  et  cum 
curiiB,  Tiaibufl  franci  plegii,  bundredia,  wapeDta<^B,  wrek, 
wayT  et  stray'»  libertatibus  regalibus,  et  liberia  consuetudi- 
nibus,  et  omnibus  aliis  ad  eadem  caatra  honores  maneria 
hundreda  et  aUa  terras  tenementa  et  loea  qualitercumque 
et  ubicumque  apectantibu^  ConcessimuB  etiam  pro  nobis 
et  bflwedibus  oostris  «idem  filio  nostro  quod  ipse  et  dicti 
bsrodee  sui  habeaot  omnes  fines  redempdones  et  amercia- 
nenta  onmnm  hominum  et  tenmtium  suorura  de  et  in 
castris  b<»ionbus  msneriis  bundredia  villia  tenia  tene- 
menlia  et  aUis  locis  pnedictis  sibi  per  nos  sic  dati%  et 
eorum  feodis,  ac  etiam  in  omnibus  viltis  hundredia  et 
aliis  locis  unde  annute  firmse  et  redditus  sibi  inter  csetera 
terras  et  tenementa  prtadicta  per  noa  concesai  proveniunt ; 
necnon  exitus  forisEactos,  et  omnia  quee  ad  nos  et  hseredes 
nostros  pertinere  potenint  de  anno  die  et  vaato,  forisfac- 
tuns  et  muTdris,  in  quibuscumque  curiijs  nostris  et  bteredum 
nosUvrum  homines  et  tenentes  illos  (tam  coram  nobb  et 
hseredibus  nostris  et  in  cancellaria  nostra  et  hffiredum 
nostrorum,  ac  coram  thesaurario  et  baronibua  noatris 
et  heeredum  nostrorum  de  scaccario,  qusm  coram  justi- 
tisriis  nostris  et  beeredum  nostrorum  itinerantibus  ad 
communia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestte,  ac  etiam  coram 
justitiariis  nostris  et  bseredtun  nostrorum  de  banco,  et 
coram  aenescallo  et  noarescaUo  ac  coronatore  hospitii 
noetri  et  beeredum  nostrorum  et  clerico  de  mercatOt 
ac  coram  aliis  justitiariis  et  ministris  nostris  et  haere- 
dum   nostrorum    quibuscumque)  fines    sen    redemptionea 


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1» 

hein,  tliat  he  the  aaad  towns  of  Grinsteac^  Seaford,  and  rhaouka 
Laughton,  with  «II  their  appurtenanoeB,  albeit  even  they  ^'^^'^^^  *' 
be  towns  in  groBB  of  tbemseWfls,  or  whether  as  aforesaid  fS^llJ;^'' 
they  be  pertaining  to  the  said  manor  of  Maresfield,  castle  «xh  th* 
and  Imcata  of  Pevensey,  and  castle  and  honor  of  Hckhill,  P""  ^J|^ 
may  hare  and  reUun  together  with  the  said  castle  manor 
and  honor  of  TickhiU  and  the  other  lands  and  tenements 
aforesaid   by  us   given   to  him  as  is  premised,  and  with  uKimjar 
the  liberties  acquittances   and  immunitieB  imderwritten,  ^^^f^- 
(which  we   granted   to  the  alaresaid   Queen   to   have  in 
the   said   lands  and   tenements  by   her  so   held   for  her 
liie,   M  is  evident  to  us   by  the  inspection  of  the  rolls 
of  our   chancery,)  to  have,  use,  and  enjoy   in  tlie   said 
castle  maoor  and  honor  of  Tickhill,  and  the  other  cas- 
tlea  manors  h<»iors  huDdreds^  and  the  towns  of  Orin- 
stead,  Seaford,  and  Laughton,  and  tbe  other  lands  te~ 
nements  and   places   whatsoever,   given    by   us  as    has 
been  said  to  our  said  son,  and  in  our  said  charter  more 
fully  spedfied,  and  in   every  part  thereof — to  our  same 
son  and  the  said  heirs  of  his  body  begotten  as  is  afore- 
said, in  exchange  as  abovesaid  under  the  manner  and 
form    contained   in  our  same  charter  for  ever,  that  •is 
to  say,  with  knights'  fees,  advowsons  of  religious  houses,  Kniifatf 
hospitals,  churdies  and  chapels,  wardships,  marriages,  and  •«■'•  <•- 
escheats  of  all  the  tenants  of  tbe  huiors,  manors,  lands,  te- 
nements  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given  to  our 
aforesaid  son,  together  with  chaser  parks,  woods,  warrens,  ctuM*, 
fairs,  markets,  waters,    ways,  fisheries,  commons,  assarts, 
wastes,  and   purpreetures,  and  also  with  the  arrentations 
and  rents  of  all  manner  of  assarts,  wastea,  and  purpresturee 
airented  in  the  chases  and  other  places  aforesaid,  as  well 
in  our  time  as  in  the  times  of  our  progenitors  formerly 
Kings  of  England,  and  hereafter  to  be  arrented,  together 


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IS8 

facere  vel  amerciari,  aut  hujusmodi  exitus  murdra  Beu 
forisfactuTBs  annum  diem  et  vastum  adjudicari,  contigerit, 
adeo  plena  et  integre  sicut  nos  ea  baberemue  si  priedicta 
castra  honores  maneria  hundreda  villas  terras  tenemeDta 
et  alia  loca  prsBdicta,  eidem  Jilio  nostro  wc  data,  in  manu 
nostra  retinuiHemuB.  Ita  quod  ipse  et  dicti  hseredes  sui 
per  manus  ballivorum  et  miniBtrorum  suorum  fiaes  redemp- 
Uones  et  amerdamenta  homiuum  et  tenentium  praedictorum 
exitUB  forisfacto^  et  omnia  quae  ad  nos  et  bseredee  nostros 
pertinere  poterunt  de  anno  die  vaeto,  forisfacturis  et 
murdris,  de  et  in  castris  bonoribuB  naneriiB  hundredis 
Tillia  terns  tenementts  et  aliis  locis  prsedictiB  per  nos  nc 
datis  ac  eonim  feodis,  quae  coram  praedictis  justitiatiis  iti- 
nerantibus  ad  communia  placita  et  ad  pUdta  foreatse,  ac 
coram  dictis  senescallo  et  marescallo  coronatore  seu  clerico 
fieri  et  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  eonimdem  jua- 
titiariorum  itinerantium  in  itineribus  auis  et  senescalli 
et  marescaiti  et  coronatoria  ac  clerici  in  seBsionlbuB  suis 
eiadem  balltris  et  ministris  inde  liberandas,  necnon  fines 
redemptiones  et  amerciamenta  bominum  et  tenentium  pre&- 
dictorum,  ac  exituB  forisfactos,  et  omnia  quse  ad  nos  ct 
hieredes  nostros  pertinere  poterunt  de  anno  die  et  vaBto, 
foriBfacturis,  et  murdris,  de  et  in  castris  honoribus 
maueriifi  hundredis  villia  terris  tenementis  et  aliiB  locis 
praedictis  per  nos  dc  dads  ac  eorum  feodis,  qute  coram 
nobis  et  bieredibue  nostrie,  vel  in  cancellaria  nostra  et 
heeredum  nostrorum,  seu  coram  tbeBatirario  et  baronibus 
nostiis  et  h{eredum  nostrorum  de  scaccario,  aeu  coram 
justitiariis  nostris  et  bteredum  nostrorum  de  banco  aut 
justitiariis  ad  assisas  capiendas  et  gaolaa  deliberandas 
seu  juBtttiariis  ad  feloniaa  et  transgressiones  audiendas  et 
terminandas  assignatis,  vel  coram  aliis  justitiariis  seu  mi- 
nistris noBtris  et  haeredum  nostrorum  quibuscumque  fieri 


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with  the  fines  for  ingresB  of  the  like  BBsarts,  wastes,  and 
purprestures  bo  to  be  aireoted,  and  with  courts,  views  of 
frankpledge,  hundreds,  wapentakes,  wreck,  waif  and  straj,  Wnck- 
royal  liberies  and  free  customs,  and  all  other  things  to  the 
same  castles,  honors^  manors,  hundreds,  and  other  lands, 
tenements,  and  places  howsoever  and  wheresoever  belong- 
ing.     We  have  also  granted  for  us  and  our  heirs  to  our  Thmuii 
same  son,  that  he  and  his  said  heirs  may  have  all  fines,  ««Ui 
ransoms,  and  amercements  of  all   their  men  and  tenants 
of  and  in   the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns, 
lands,  tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  so  given  to 
him  by  us,  and  in  their  fees,  and  also  in  all  the  towns, 
hundreds,  and  other  places  whence  the  annual  farms  and 
rents  by  us  granted  to  him  among  the  other  lands  and 
tenements  aforesiud  do  proceed ;  and  also  forreited  issues,  Rnft'M  u- 
and   all   things  which  can   pert^u   to   us  and   our  heirs  '•"i°»''<^ 
of  year,  day,  and  waste,  forfeitures  and  murders,  in  any 
soever  of  the   courts  of  us  and  our  heirs,   where   such 
men   ^nd   tenants  shall  happen   to  make  fine   or  ransom 
or  be  amerced,  or  such  issues,  murders,  forfeitures,  year, 
day,  and  waste  happen  to  be  adjudged,  as  well  before  us  ^^;°' 
and  our  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  ^™**- 
before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  as  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  in  eyre 
to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  also 
before  the  justices  of  the  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and 
before  the  steward  and  marshal  and  coroner  of  the  house- 
hold  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  the  clerk  of  the  market,  and 
before  all  other  justices  and  ministers  of  us  and  our  betrs 
whomsoever,  as  fully  and  entirely  as  we  should  have  them  if 
we  had  retuned  in  our  band  the  aforesaid  castles,  honors, 
manors,   hundreds,  towns,   lands,    tenements,  and    other 
places  aforesaid  ao  given  to  our  same  son.     So  that  he 


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129 

et  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  scaccarii  Dostri  et 
bseredum  nostrorum  baUivis  et  ministriB  died  filii  Doetri 
et  dictorum  beeredum  suorum  per  raaaus  vtcecomitum  id 
quorum  balliviB  cafltra  honores  maneria  hundreda  vilUe 
teme  tenementa  et  alia  loca  pmdicta,  at  est  dictum,  per 
DOS  data,  ac  eorum  feoda  existunt,  inde  Uberandas,  levare 
perapere  et  habere  poasint, — sioe  occasione  vel  impedi- 
mento  noetri  vel  beeredum  noBtrorum  aut  ballivorum  seu  mi- 
nistrorum  nostrorum  quonuncumque.  Et  quod  idem  fiUus 
noster  et  dicti  hsBredee  sui  habeant  in  castria  honoribus 
maneriis  huudredis  Tillia  terns  tenementis  et  aliis  lods 
preedictis  per  dob  nc  dalis,  ac  eorum  feodis,  catalla  felonum 
et  fugiliTonim;  ita  quod  at  quis  bomiuimi  vel  tenentium 
suorum  aut  alii  in  lods  predictis  vel  eorum  feodis  pro 
delicto  suo  vitam  vel  membnim  debeant  amittere  vel 
fugeriut  et  judicio  stare  noluerint,  vel  aliquod  delictum 
fecerint  pro  quo  catalla  sua  debeant  perdere  (ubicumque 
justitJB  de  eis  fieri  debeat  sive  in  curia  nostra  vel 
beeredum  noatrorum  sive  in  aliis  curiis)  ipsa  catalla 
siut  prsefati  filii  nostri  et  dictorum  hseredum  suorum,  et 
liceat  eis  bcu  ministris  suis  sine  occasione  vel  impedi- 
mento  nostri  vel  hseredum  noetrorum  vicecomitum  et  alio- 
rum  ballivorum  seu  miniBtrorum  uOBtronim  vel  hseredum 
nostrorum  quorumcumque  ponere  se  in  seifflnam  de  catallis 
prasdictis  et  ea  ad  usum  dicti  filii  nostri  et  hseredum  suo- 
rum retinere.  ConcesBimus  etiam  prafato  filio  nostro  pro 
nobis  et  hteredibus  nostris  quod  ipse  et  diet!  hseredes 
sul  habeant  in  castris  honoribus  maneriis  hundredis  villis 
terris  tenementis  et  aliis  locis  praedictis  dicto  filio  nostra 
sic  datiB,  ac  eorum  feo^s,  retoma  omnium  brevium  nos- 
trorum et  hffiredum  noetrorum  ac  summonitionum  extrac- 
tarum  et  prteceptorum  de  scaccario  prsedicto  necnoa  prse- 
ceptonim  et  extractarum  justitiarioruin  nostrorum  et  bee- 


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1S9 

and  his  said  heirs  by  the  hands  of  his  bailifis  and  ministerB  Th*  Dnk* 
may  be  able  to  lery,  perceive,  and  have  the  finee,  ransoms,  """^ji!!^ 
and  amercemente  of  the  men  aod  tenants  aforesaid,  for-  ^^'^^^1^ 
felted  issues,  and  all  things  which  to  us  and  our  heirs  can  '"  ^^"^ 
pertain  of  year,  day,  and  waste,  forfeitures  and  murders,  of 
and  in  the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  landsi 
tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given,  and  ia 
their  fees, — such  as  shall  happen  to  be  made  and  adjudged 
before  the  aforesaid  justices  in  eyte  to  hold  common  pleas 
and  pleas  of  the  forest,  and  before  the  said  steward  aod 
marshal,  coroner  or  clerk,  by  estreats  of  the  same  ju^ 
tices  in  eyre  in  their  circuits,  and  of  steward  and  marshal 
and  coroner  and  clerk  in  their  eescdons,  to  be  delivered 
thereof  to  the  same  bailifis  and  ministers, — and  also  such 
the  fines,  ransoms,  and  amercements  of  the  aforesaid  men 
and  tenants,  and  forieited  issues,  and  all  things  which  to 
us  and  our  heirs  can  pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  for- 
feitures and  murders,  of  and  in  the  castles,  honors, 
manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other 
places  aforesaid  by  us  so  given,  and  in  their  fees,  as  shall 
happen  to  be  made  and  adjudged  before  us  and  our  heirs, 
or  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  before  the  trea^ 
surer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  tis  and  our  heirs, 
or  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  of  the  common 
bench,  or  our  justices  assigned  to  take  the  assizes  and  to 
deliver  our  gaols,  or  the  justices  assigned  to  hear  and  deter- 
mine felonies  and  trespasses,  or  before  other  the  justices 
or  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomsoever,  by  estreats  of 
the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs,  to  be  delivered  thereof 
to  the  btulifis  and  ministers  of  our  said  son  and  bis 
said  heirs  by  the  hands  of  the  sherifis  in  whose  bailiwicks 
the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds^  towns,  lands,  tene- 
ments, and  other  places  aforesaid  given  by  us  as  afore- 


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180 

redum  QOBtronim  itiBerantium  tam  ad  placita  forest» 
quam  ad  communia  placita,  et  aliorum  juatitiarionitn 
quoriuDCumque,  et  executjones  eorumdem  brevium,  sum- 
monitioDuni,  extractanim  et  preeceptorum  per  balliTos  et 
ministros  suob  faciendas.  Ita  quod  nuUus  vicecomes  bal- 
Utus  aut  minister  noeter  vel  haeredum  noatrorum  castra 
bonores  maaeria  villas  terras  tenementa  et  alia  loca 
pnedicta,  ut  prasmittitur,  per  uos  data,  vel  eorum  feoda, 
ad  officna  aliqua  sou  alia  offida  sua  tangentia  facienda 
iogrediatur,  nisi  in  defectum  ipnus  fiUi  nostri  aut  dio- 
torum  haeredum  vel  ballivoruni  seu  mioistrorum  suorum. 
VolumuB  insuper  et  concedimus  pro  Dobis  et  bteredibus 
nostria  quod  fii  vicecomites  vel  ballivi  libertatum  huD- 
dredorum  seu  wapentachiorum  iu  aliquibus  executtonibug 
pro  eodem  filio  nostro  aut  dictJs  beeredibus  suis  per  brevia 
aire  mandata  Dostra,  vel  baeredum  nostroram,  aut  quovis 
alio  modo  faciendis  negligeotes  fuerintvel  remisei  per  quod 
ipsos  in  scaccario  nostro  seu  aliis  curiis  nostris  contigerit 
amerciari  vel  fines  facere,  quod  fines  et  amerciamenta  ilia 
sint  dicti  filii  nostri  et  dictorum  baeredum  Buorum,  et  ad 
eorum  opus  leventur.  Hiia  testibus,  venerabilibus  patribua 
Simone  Arehiepiscopo  Cantuarienu  totius  Angliae  Primate, 
Adam  Menevensi  Cancellario,  Henrico  Wigornensi  llie- 
saurario,  nostris,  Episcopis,  Edmundo  Comite  Cantabrigian 
Tboma  de  Wodestok  Coostabulario  Angliee,  filiis  nostris 
cariBsimiB,  Henrico  de  Percy  Marescallo  Anglite,  Jobanne 
de  Ipre  Senescallo  bospitii  nostri,  Nicbolao  Caireu  Custode 
privati  »gilli  nostri,  et  aliis.  Data  per  manum  noBtram 
apud  Shene  quarto  die  Junii,  anno  regni  nostri  AnglisB 
quinquagedmo  primo,  regni  vero  nostri  Frandse  tricesimo 
octavo.  NOS  autem  tam  dictam  cartam  indentatam  quam 
dictam  aliam  cartam,  ac  omnes  donationes  concessiones  et 
omnia  alia  in  eisdem  cartts  contenta  pro  nobis  et  haeredi- 


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180 

said,  and  their  leea,  do  lie ;  without  let  or  hinderance  of 
UB  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  bailiffi  or  nunisten  whomaoerer. 
And  that  our  some  son  and  his  said  heirs  may  have  in 
the  castles,  honors,  manors,  hundreds,  towns,  lands,  te- 
nements, and  other  places  aforesaid  by  us  so  giyeu,  and 
in  their  fees,  the  chattels  of  felons  and  fugitives,  so  that  c&MMi  at 
if  any  of  their  men  or  tenants  or  others  in  the  places 
aforesaid,  or  in  their  fees,  for  their  delinquency  ought 
to  lose  life  or  limh,  or  shall  flee  and  not  be  willing  to 
stand  their  trial,  or  shall  commit  any  offence  for  the  which 
they  ought  to  lose  their  chattels,  (wheresoever  justice  shall 
be  had  of  them,  whether  in  the  court  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or 
whether  in  other  courts,)  such  chattels  shall  belong  to 
our  aforesud  son  and  his  sud  heirs^  and  that  it  shaU  be 
lawful  for  them  or  their  ministers  to  put  themseWes  in 
seizin  of  the  chattels  aforesaid,  and  retain  them  to  the 
behoof  of  our  sEud  son  and  his  heirs,  without  let  or  hiiH 
derance  of  us  or  our  heirs,  our  sheriffs  and  other  buliSb 
or  ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs  whomsoever.  We  have  also  iMan  «a* 
granted  to  our  aforesaid  son,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  or-nnud 
he  and  his  sud  heirs  may  have  in  the  castles,  honors,  J^^'' 
manors,  hundreds,  towns,,  lands,  tenements,  and  other 
places  aforesaid  so  given  to  our  said  son,  and  in  their 
fees,  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  of 
summons,  estreats,  and  precepts  of  the  exchequer  afore- 
sud,  and  also  of  the  precepts  and  estreats  of  the  justices 
of  us  and  our  heirs  in  eyre  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the 
forest  as  common  pleas,  and  of  other  justices  whomso- 
ever, and  the  execution  of  the  same  writs,  summons,  es- 
treats, and  precepts,  to  be  made  by  their  hailiflb  and  mU 
nisters.  So  that  no  sfaerifl^  buliff,  or  other  minister  of 
us  or  our  heirs  shall  enter  the  castles,  honors,  manors, 
towns,  lands,  tenements,  and  other  places  aforesaid  by  US 


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ISl 

bus  nostris,  tenore  prsesentium,  ratificamus  et  confirmunu^ 
juxta  teiKwem  et  effectum  cartarum  aupradictanun.  la 
cnjiu  rei  testimonium  has  literas  noetras  fieri  fedmnB  pa- 
tentes.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Westmonaateriuin,  quinto- 
decimo  die  Septembris,  anno  regni  nostri  prima  NOS 
aotem  donationes,  coDceBuones,  confirmationes,  Ubertates, 
fraachesias  et  quietantias  pnedictas,  ac  omnia  alia  et  un- 
gula  iQ  dictis  cartis  et  Uteris  coiiteota,  rata  habentes  et 
grata,  ea,  pro  nobis  et  hieredibus  nostris,  quantum  in  nobis 
est,  de  gratia  nostra  speciali  acceptamns,  approbamus,  et 
pnefato  Duci  et  hieredibus  snis  preedtcris  imperpetuum, 
tenore  prtesentium,  concedimus  et  confirmamus,  sicut  cartn 
et  liters  supradictse  nirionabiliter  testantur.  Prseterea  vo- 
lentes  eidem  Duci  gratiam  in  hac  parte  focere  ampliorem 
de  gratia  nostra  speciali  concessimue  pro  nobis  et  hsredibus 
nostris,  et  bac  carta  nostra  confinnarimus  quod  licet  ipse 
aliqua  vel  aliquibus  donationum,  coocessionum,  confinna- 
tionnm,  libertatum,  franchesiarum  et  quietantiarum,  aut 
aliorum  in  dictis  cartis  et  Uteris  contentonim,  aliquo 
caau  emergente,  hactenus  plane  usus  non  fuerit,  idem 
tamen  Dux  et  bseredea  sul  pnedicti  donationibus,  conces> 
sionibus,  eonfirmationibus,  libertatibus,  franchesits  et  quie- 
tantiis,  ac  omnibus  aliis  et  singulis  in  cartis  et  Uteris 
preedictis,  ut  prKmittitur,  contends,  et  eorum  quolibet  de> 
Cdetero  plene  gaudeant  et  utantur  imperpetuum,  sine  occa- 
sione  vel  impedimento  nostri  vel  bseredum  nostrorum,  justi- 
tiarionim,  escaetorum,  vicecomitum  aut  aUonim  ballivorum 
seu  ministrorum  nostrorum  vel  bseredum  nostrorum  quo- 
rumcumque.  Et  ulterius,  ad  probitatem  etrenuam  et  s^ 
pieotiam  ezcenentissimam  ac  aUos  multiplices  mores  et 
raerita  praefad  avunculi  nostri,  qui  nuUis  cedens  laboribus 
vel  expensis,  se  tarn  in  consiliis  obsequiis  et  aliis  agendis 
nobis  et  toti  regno  noetro  fructuosis  et  honorificis  semper 


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given  as  ie  prembed,  or  their  fees,  to  perfonn  soy  ofUcea,  or 
other  things  touching  their  offices,  unless  in  default  of  our 
same  son  or  bis  stud  heirs,  or  of  their  bailifis  or  ministerB. 
And  furthermore  we  will  and  grant,  for  us  and  our  said  »»■  md 
beire,  that  if  the  sherifi  or  buliffi  of  liberties,  hundreds,  or  ^^^"^^ 
wapentakes  be  negligent  or  remiss  in  making  any  execu-  ^£  j^"" 
tions  for  our  same  son  ta  bis  said  heirs,  by  writs  or  man-  ° 
dates  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any  other  wise,  whereby  it 
shall  happen  that  they  be  amerced  or  make  fines  in  our 
exchequer  or  in  other  our  courts,  such  fines  and  amerce- 
ments ^lall  belong  to  our  said  son  and  his  said  heirs, 
and  may  be  levied  to  their  behoof.  Tliese  being  wit- 
nesses, the  venerable  fathers,  Simon  Archbishop  of  Can- 
terbury, Primate  of  all  England ;  Adam  Bishop  of  St 
David's,  our  Chancellor;  Henry  Bishop  of  Worcester, 
our  Treasurer ;  Edmund  Earl  of  Cambridge^  and  Thomas 
of  Woodstock,  Constable  of  England,  our  most  dear  sons ; 
Henry  de  Percy,  Marshal  of  England;  John  de  Ipre, 
Steward  of  our  household ;  Nicholas  Carreu,  Keeper  of 
our  privy  seal,  and  others.  Given  under  our  hand  at 
Sheen,  on  the  fourth  day  of  Jun^  in  the  fifty>first 
year  of  our  reign  of  England,  and  the  thirty-eighth  of 
our  reign  of  France.  AND  we,  as  well  the  said  charter 
indented  as  the  said  other  charter,  and  all  the  donations, 
grants,  and  all  other  things  in  the  same  charters  con- 
tained, for  UB  and  our  heirs  by  the  tenor  of  these  pre- 
sents do  ratify  and  confirm  according  to  the  tenor  and 
efiect  of  the  charters  abovesud.  In  witness  whereof  we 
have  caused  these  our  letters  to  be  made  patent  Wit- 
ness ourself  at  Westminster,  on  the  fifteenth  day  of  Sep- 
tember, in  the  first  year  of  our  reiiin.  AND  we,  ratifying  conammiKm 
,  ■        ,       ,        .  -         ■  Ti         oTtomotm 

and  approving  the  donations,  grants,  confirmationB,  liber-  ^^||^ 

ties,  franchises,  and  acquittances  aforesud,  and  all  and 


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189 

retroactia  temporibue  obuquioBum  pariter  et  paratum  ex- 
hibait  et  exhibet  indefesse,  condignam  considerationem 
habentes,  et  volentea,  prteniisBoruin  iotuitu,  prsefatum 
aTimculum  Dostrum,  qui  pra  caeteria  in  aapientia,  strenui- 
tate  et  hoDore  nobis  et  regno  noetro  pnedicto  maxime 
valere  et  locum  potiorem  tenere  potest,  gratiis  et  faTori- 
buB  amplioribua  pnerogare,  de  ubeiiori  gratia  nostra,  pro 
majori  securitate  ipsius  Ducis  avunculi  nostri,  deckrainue, 
concedimus,  et  conGrmamuB,  pro  nobis  et  haeredibuB  nos- 
tris,  prsefoto  Duci,  quod  ipse  ad  totam  vitam  suam  babeat 
omnes  fines  pro  transgressione  et  aliia  malefactis  quibus- 
cumque ;  ac  etiam  fines  pro  licentia  concordandi,  et  omni- 
modoB  alios  fines,  redemptiones,  et  amerciamenta,  ex  qua- 
cumque  causa  et  per  quamcumque  causam  provenientia, 
necnon  exitus  forisfactos  de  omnibus  hominibus  et  tenentibus 
de  et  in  terris  et  feodis  priedicti  Ducis,  et  de  omnibus  infra 
eadem  terras  et  feoda  residentibus,  quanquam  iJdem  bo- 
mines,  teneotes,  seu  residentes,  ministri  nostri  vel  bseredum 
nostrorum  exbtant.  Et  quod  idem  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam 
babeat  quascumque  forisfacturas  annum  diem  vastum  et 
estreppamentum,  et  quicquid  ad  nos  vel  bseredes  nostros 
pertinere  potent  de  anno  die  vasto  et  estreppamento,  fo- 
rishcturis  et  murdris,  infra  terras  et  feoda  preedicta,  in 
quibuBCumque  curiie  nostris  et  baeredum  nostrorum  sive  in 
quacumque  curia  alterius,  contigerit  quod  preedicti  homi- 
nes, tenentee,  seu  residentes  facient  fines  vel  erunt  amer- 
cnati,  Tel  exitus  forisfacient,  seu  quod  prsedicta  annus  dies 
vastum  et  estreppamentum,  forisfactura  vel  murdrum,  ad- 
judicata  erunt,  tam  in  praesentta  nostra  et  heeredum  nostro- 
rum,  quam  in  absentia  nostra  et  hceredunt  nostrorum,  et 
tam  coram  nobis  et  hEeredibua  nostris,  et  in  cancellaria  nostra 
et  hseredum  nostrorum,  ac  coram  thesaurario  et  baronibus 
de  scaccario  nostro  et  bseredum  nostrorum,  et  coram  justitia- 


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188 

UDgular  other  the  things  in  the  said  charters  and  letters 
contwned,  do,  for  ua  and  our  heirs,  as  for  as  in  us  lies, 
of  our  especial  grace  accept  and  approve  the  same,  and 
do  grant   and   confirm  them  hj  the   tenor  of  these  pr^ 
sents  to  the  aforesaid  Duke  and  his  heirs  afor^iud  for  ever, 
as  the  charters  and  letters  aboresaid  reasonably  do  wit- 
ness.    Willing,  moreover,  to  shew  the  same  Duke  more  notwitk. 
ample  favor  in  this  behalf  we  have  granted  of  our  espe-  ">»-'— '• 
cial  grace  for  us  and  our  heirs,  and  by  this  our  charter 
have  confirmed,  that  albeit,  any  case  arising,  he  have  not 
hitherto   fully   used   any  one   or  more  of  the  donations, 
grants,  confirmations,  liberties,  franchises  and  acquittances, 
or  other  things  in  the  sud  charters  and  letters  contained, 
nevertheless  the  same  Duke  and  bis  heirs  aforesud  may 
henceforth   fully   enjoy  and   use  for   ever  the  donations, 
grants,  confirmations,  liberties,  franchises,  and  acqiuttances, 
and  all  and  singular  other  the  things  contained  in  the  char- 
ters and  letters  aforesaid,  as  is  premised,  and  every  of 
them,  without  let  or  binderance  of  ua  or  our  heirs,  the  ^,^^'** 
justices,  escbeators,  sheriSs,  or  other  bailiSs  or  ministers  ^i^"^' 
of  us  or  our  heirs  whomsoever.      And  furthermore,  hav-  " 
ing  condign  consideration  of  the  strenuous  goodness  and  ^^"fh. 
most   excellent   wisdom,  and  other  manifold   merits   and  fu^"*^ 
good  demeanour  of  our  aforesaid  uncle,  who   yielding  to 
no  labors  or  expenses  bath  ever  in  times  past  proved  him- 
self, and  yet  unweariedly  proves  himself,  equally  ready  and 
compliant  in  giving  bis  counsel,  and  in  the  performance  of 
other  duties  profitable  and  honorable  to  us  and  our  whole 
realm,  and  being  desirous  in  regard  of  the  premises  to 
endow  with  ampler  favors  and  grace  our  aforesaid  uncles 
who,  far  beyond  others  in  wisdom,  prowess,  and  honor, 
is  able  to  avail  and  stand  us  and  our  realm  aforesaid  in 
better  stead,   do,  of   our  more  abundant  grace,  for   the 


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18S 

rits  nostris  et  hteredum  nostrorum  de  commum  banco,  necDoa 
ooram  eenescallo  et  mareacallis  seu  coram  ooronatoze  hospitii 
Doatri  et  heeredum  noetrorum  vel  derico  meroad,  qui  pro 
tempore  erimt,  et  in  aliis  curiis  DOBtrie  et  lueredum  noetro- 
rum, qusm  coram  justitiaiiis  noBtzis  itinerantibuB  ad  com- 
munia  placita  et  ad  placita  forestie,  justitiarib  ad  aaaiaas 
capiendaa  et  gaolas  deliberandas,  ac  coram  quibuBCumque 
aliis  jufltilaania  et  miniatris  nostris  et  heeredum  nostrorum, 
tarn  in  preeeentia  nostra  et  beeredum  noatrorum,  qnam  in 
absentia  nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  adeo  plene  et  integre 
sicut  noB  vel  bsredes  noatri  ea  hi^remus  si  iUa  pra&to 
Dad  non  conceauBBemuB.  Ita  quod  prsedictus  Dux  per 
manus  ballivorum  et  alionim  ministrorum  auorum  levare, 
percipere,  et  habere  posait,  fines,  redemptioneB,  et  amercia- 
menta  ipsorum  hominum  tenentiuin  et  residentium  de  et  in 
terris  et  feodis  prtedictis,  exitus  forisfaetos,  et  quicquid  ad 
no8  Tel  hseredes  nostroa  pertinere  poterit  de  anno  die  vasto 
estreppamento,  foiisfacturis  et  murdris,  de  et  in  terris  et 
feodis  prtedictia,  quae  coram  dictis  justitiariis  itinerantibus 
ad  communia  pladta  et  ad  placita  forestee,  ac  coram  prso- 
dictiB  senescallo  et  mareacallia  coronatore  vel  derico  mer- 
cati,  fieri  seu  adjudicari  contigerit,  per  extractas  eorum- 
dem  justiUariorum  itinerantium  in  itineribua  suia,  ac  prse- 
dictorum  senescalli  marescallorum  coronatoria  et  clerici  in 
sesEionibUB  auis,  ballivis  et  miaistris  prsedicti  Duels  inde 
liberandas ;  ac  etiam  fines,  redemptioaee,  et  amerciamen- 
ta  de  homioibus  tenentibus  et  reaidentibus  prtedictis,  ac 
exitus  foriafactos,  et  omnia  quee  ad  nos  vel  bteredea  noBtros 
pertinere  potenmt  de  anno  die  vasto  estreppamento,  foris- 
facturia  et  murdris,  de  et  in  terris  et  feodia  prasdictis,  quae 
coram  nobis  vel  basredibus  nostris,  vel  in  cancellaria  nostra 
et  hieredum  noBtrorum,  seu  coram  tbesaurario  et  baronibua 
de  scaccano  nostro  et  hwredum  nostrorum,  vel  coram  jua- 


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188 

greater  aemaitj  of  the  same  Dake  our  uncle,  declare,  grant,  te,  mhd  «c 
and  omfinn  for  ua  and  our  heirs  to  the  aforesaid  Duke,  ^','^'"" 
that  he  for  the  whole  of  bis  life  may  have  all  fines  for  trea-  Finaia 
pass  and  other  miadeeds  whatsoever,  and  also  fines  for  li-  p»^Bc*iBd 
cence  to  agree,  and  all  manner  of  other  fines,  ransoms,  and  ^^*- 
amercMnenta,  firom  whatever  cause  and  through  whatever  mmihm*. 
cause  proceeding,  and  also  forfeited  issues  in  respect  of 
all  the  men  and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  of 
the  aforesud  Duke,  and  in  respect  of  all  resiants  within 
the  same  lands  and  fees,  albeit  the  same  men,  tenanta,  or 
resiants  be  ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs.    And  that  the  f«m(«r>, 
same  Duke,  for  the  whole  of  his  life,  may  have  all  manner  ud 'wim 
of  forfeitures,  year,  day,  waste,  and  estrepement,  and  what- 
ever to  us  or  our  heirs  can  pertun  of  year,  day,  waste,  and 
estrepement,  forfeitures  and  murdem,  within  the  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid,  in  what  courts  soever,  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  imrotna 
in  whatever  court  of  any  other  it  may  happen  that  the  uiohiii. 
aforesaid  men,  tenants,  or  resiants  shall  make  fines  or  be 
amerced  or  forfeit  issues,  or  ^t  the  aforesaid  year,  day, 
wast^  and  estrepement,  forfeiture  or  murder,  be  adjudged 
— as  well  in  presence  of  us  and  our  heirs  as  in  absence  of  ua 
and  OUT  heirs,  and  as  well  before  us  and  our  heirs,  and  in 
the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  before  the  treasurer 
and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and  our  heirs,  and  be- 
fore the  justices  of  the  common  bench  of  us  and  our  heirs, 
and  also  before  the  steward  and  marshals,  or  before  the 
coroner  of  the  household,  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  the  clerk 
of  the  market  for  the  time  being,  and  in  other  the  courts 
of  us  and  our  heirs,  as  before  our  justices  in  eyre  to  bold 
common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the  forest^  our  justices  assigned 
to  take  the  assizes  and  to  deliver  our  gaols,  and  before  all 
other  justices  and  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomso- 
ever, as  well  in  presence  of  us  and  oar  heirs  as  in  absence 


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184 

titiarits  nostris  et  liEerediim  noetrorum  de  communi  banco» 
sive  coram  justitiariis  ad  asaisaa  capiendas  et  gsolas  de- 
liberandas,  aut  justitiarila  ad  traDsgreeeioneH  et  felonias 
audieadaa  et  tcrminandas  aa^g^iatis,  eeu  coram  aliis  justi- 
tiariia  vel  miaistris  noetria  quibiucumque  et  hteredum  noa- 
tTOTum,  fieri  vel  adjudicari  contigeritt  per  extractas  de  scac- 
cario  ii08tTo  et  hxeredum  nostrorum,  ballivis  et  miDistris 
prsefati  Duels,  per  maaus  Ticecomitum  in  quorum  ballivis 
dicta  terree  et  feoda  existunt,  inde  liberandas ; — sine  occ»- 
sione  vel  impedimento  nostri  vel  bseredum  □oatrorum,  jiu- 
titiarionim,  vicecomitum,  escaetorum,  aut  aljorum  minb- 
tronim  nostrorum  et  bseredum  noetrorum  quorumciimque. 
Et  quod  prtedictuB  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam  per  ee  et 
tntnietroe  suob  in  omnibus  terris  et  feodis  priedictis,  tarn 
in  pnesentia  nostra  et  heeredum  nostrorum  quam  in  ab- 
sentia nostra  et  hseredum  nostrorum,  faciat  et  babeat 
Bssuam  et  assisam  panis  vini  et  cervius  et  omnimodorum 
aliorum  victualium  quorumcumque  ac  aliorum  ad  officium 
clerici  de  mercato  nostri  et  heeredum  noatrorum  pertinen- 
tium,  cum  punitione  eorumdem  quotieus  et  quando  expe- 
diens  fuerit  et  necesse:  ac  etiam  bid>eat  et  percipiat  fines 
amerciameuta  et  redemptiones  ac  omnimoda  proficua  inde 
provenientia;  ita  quod  clericus  mercati  noatri  et  hieredum 
nostrorum  non  ingrediatur  dicta  terras  vel  feoda  pro  aliqui- 
bus  ad  officium  suum  pertinentibus  faciendis  seu  exercendis. 
Et  quod  pnedictuB  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam  habeat  catalla 
fugitivorum  et  felonum  tarn  felonum  de  se  quam  aliorum 
quorumcumque  ac  utlagatorum  ex  quacumque  causa  omni- 
um bominimi  et  tenendum  de  et  in  terris  et  feodie  pn&- 
dictis,  necnon  omnium  residentium  infra  eadem  terras  et 
feoda,  quanquam  lidem  bomines  teoentes  aut  residentes 
ministri  nostri  vel  hteredum  nostrorum  existant:  ita  quod 
si  aliquis  hominum  et  tenentium  de  ct  in  terris  et  feodis 


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184 

of  us  and  our  heire, — as  fully  aad  entire!;  as  we  or  our  Jj/^j^ 
beirs  would  hare  them  if  we  had  oot  granted  them  to  the 
aforesaid  Duke.  So  that  the  aforesaid  Duke  by  the  hauds  TuaDui» 
of  his  bailiffs  and  other  ministers  may  be  able  to  levy,  per-  ^°*„^ci'n, 
mve,  and  have  the  fines,  ransoms,  and  amercements  of  the  ^  "li*^" 
same  men,  tenants,  and  reaianta  of  and  in  the  lands  and  " 
fees  aforesaid,  forfeited  issues,  and  whatever  to  us  or  our 
heirs  can  pertwn  of  year,  day,  and  waste,  estrepement,  for- 
feitures,  and  murders,  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  afore- 
Bud,  which  shall  happen  to  be  made  or  adjudged  before 
the  sud  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas 
(tf  the  forest»  and  before  the  aforesaid  steward  and  mar- 
ahals,  coroner,  or  clerk  of  the  market,  by  estreats  of  the 
same  justices  in  eyre  in  their  circuits,  and  of  the  aforesaid 
steward,  marshals,  corona,  and  clerk,  in  their  srasions, 
to  be  delivered  thereof  to  the  bailiK  and  ministers  of  the 
aforesaid  Duke ;  and  also  the  fines,  rosBoms,  and  amerce- 
ments of  the  aforesud  men,  tenants,  and  resiants,  and  for- 
feited issues,  and  all  things  which  to  us  or  our  heirs  can 
pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  estrepement,  forfeitures,  and 
murders,  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  which 
shall  happen  to  be  made  or  adjudged  before  us  or  our 
heirs,  or  in  the  chancery  of  us  and  our  heirs,  or  before 
the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  us  and 
our  heirs,  or  before  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs  of 
the  common  bench,  or  before  our  justices  assigned  to 
take  the  assizes  and  to  deliver  our  gaols,  or  the  justices 
assigned  to  hear  and  determine  trespasses  and  felonies, 
or  before  other  the  justices  or  ministers  of  us  and  our 
heirs  whomsoever,  by  estreats  of  the  exchequer  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  to  be  delivered  thereof  to  the  bailiffs  and 
ministers  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  by  the  huids  of  the  sheiifis 
in  whose  bailivicks  the  s^d  lands  and  fees  do  lie; — without 


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lis 

pnedictJB  sau  aliquis  leeidentium  in  dictie  terns  et  feodis, 
aut  aliquis  alius  in  eiadem  tenia  et  feodis,  pro  aliquo  suo 
malefacto  quocomque  debeat  vitam  vel  membrum  amittere, 
seu  fugiat,  et  judicio  stare  noluerit,  aut  aliquam  aliam 
tranagressionem  facial  pro  qua  ipse  debet  perdere  catalla 
sua,  (in  quo  loco  juatitia  de  eo  fieri  debeat,  ure  in  curia 
nostra  et  htcredum  noatrorum  rel  in  aliis  curiis,)  catalla 
ilia  eiat  pnedicti  Ducis:  et  quod  liceat  ei  seu  ministris 
aula  ponere  se  in  sebioam  dictorum  catallorum  et  eadem 
catalla  ad  opua  pnefiiti  Ducis  retinere ;— sine  occasione  vel 
impedimento  noetri  rel  lueredum  nratrorum»  Ticecomitum* 
escaetorum,  aut  aliorum  balliTOrum  seu  mioistrorom  noa- 
troTum  et  bseredum  nostrorum  quorumcunaque.  Et  quod 
prsefotua  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  suam  habeat  retorna  omnium 
brevium  nostrorum  et  hserediun  noatrorum,  necnon  sum- 
monitionum  extractarum  et  pneceptorum  de  acaccario  Dostro, 
et  de  acaccario  hteredum  aostrorum,  ac  eztractarum  et  pne- 
ceptorum juetitiariorum  nostrorum  et  lueredum  nostrorum 
itiueranUum  tam  ad  placita  foreatK  quam  ad  communia 
placita,  ac  aliorum  jusritiariorum  quorumcumque,  necnon 
attachiamenta  tam  de  placitis  coronae  quam  aliorum  in  omni- 
bus tenia  et  feodie  prtedtctiB.  Et  quod  prtedictua  Dux  ad 
totam  vitam  suam  per  se  et  per  ballivoe  et  ministros  auoe 
habeat  in  eisdem  terria  et  feodis  executionem  eorumdem 
brevium  aummonitionum  extractarum  et  prfficeptorum.  Ita 
quod  nulluB  vicecomes  ballivufl  seu  alius  minister  noster 
vel  hseredum  nostrorum  pnedicta  terras  et  feoda  ingredia- 
tur  pro  aliquo  officio  vel  aliqua  re  officium  auum  tangen- 
ts faciendo,  ni«  in  defecta  ipsiua  Ducia  vel  minbtrorum 
Buorum.  Et  ulterina  concedimua  et  hac  carta  nostra  con- 
firmavimus  pro  nobis  et  dictis  hteredibus  nostris  quod  ai 
vicecomites  vel  balUvi  libertatum  hundredorum  sen  wapen- 
tacbiorum,  in  aliquibus  executionibus  pro  predicto  Duce, 


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18$ 

let  or  hinderaiicfl  of  us  or  our  beirs,  or  of  our  justices,  witb«iM 
slierifisi  escheatOTB,  or  other  miniBtera  of  us  &tid  our  heirs  Kbw'i 
whomBoever.     And  that  the  aforesaid  Duke,  for  the  whole  ahit  m 
of  his  lif^  by  himself  and  bis  miDistera,  in  all  the  lauds  tn«i,  hhi 
and  fees  aforesiud,  as  well  in  presence  of  ua  and  our  heirs  'f'^Tj^"**^ 
as  in  absence  of  ua  and  our  beirs,  may  make  and  have  ^;^»^"" 
the  assay  and  assize  of  bread,  wine,  and  ale,  and  of  all 
manner  of  other  victuals  whatsoever,  and  of  other  things 
pertaining  to  the  office  of  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  us 
aod  onr  heirs,  together  with  the  punishment  thereof  when- 
ever and  so  often  as  it  shall  be  necessary  and  expedient; 
and  also  that  he  may  have  and  perceive  the  fines,  amerce- 
ments, and  ransoms,  and  all  manner  of  profits  thence  pro- 
ceeding, so  that  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  us  and  our  hnrs 
shall  not  enter  the  said  lands  or  fees  to  do  or  exercise  any 
matters  pertaining  to  bis  office.      And  that  the  aforesud  chutriiof 
Duke,  for  the  whole  of  his  life,  may  have  the  chattels  of  fugiuvei. 
fugitives   and  felons,  as  well  felons  of  themselves  as  of 
btliers  whomsoever,  and  of  outlaws  for  any  cause  soever, 
of  all  the  men  and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees 
aforesaid,  and  also  of  all  reeiants  within  the  same  lands 
and   fees,   albeit  the   same  men,  tenants   or   resiants   be 
ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs,  so  that  if  any  of  the  men 
and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  or  any 
of  the  resiants  in  the  said  lands  and  fees,  or  any  other 
person  in  the  same  lands  and  fees,  for  any  misdeed  whaU 
soever,  ought  to  lose  life  or  limb,  or  shall  fiee  and  not  be 
willing  to  stand  their  trial,  or  shall  commit  any  other  tres- 
pass for  the  which  they  ought  to  lose  their  chattels  (in 
wbatsoover  place  justice  ehsU  be  had  of  them,  whether  in 
the  court  of  us  and  our  heirs  or  in  otiier  courts),  such 
chattels  shall  belong  to  the  aforesaid  Duke  i  And  Uiat  it 
shall  be  lawful  for  him  or  bis  ministers  to  put  Uiemselves  in 


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186 

per  brevia  seu  raaadata  nostra  vel  hEeredum  noBtrorumj 
seu  aliquo  alio  modo,  faciendis,  negligentes  fuerint  Tel 
remi^i,  per  quod  contigerit  ipsoB  amerciari  aut  fiaes  facere 
in  scaccario  vel  in  aliis  curiis  noBtria  et  heeredum  noBtro< 
rum,  hujuBmodi  fines  et  amercianieuta  sint  prsefati  Duds, 
et  quod  leventur  ad  opus  ipsius  Ducis  per  ministroB  suob 
Bupradictos,  durante  vita  sua.  Et  quod  pnedictus  Dus.  ad 
totam  vitam  suam  babeat  infra  omnia  praedicta  terras  et 
feoda  omnimoda  cat&lla  Tocata  wayf  et  stray,  deodanda, 
thesaurum  inventum  ac  alias  res  vet  catalla  inventa;  et 
quod  ipse  per  se  et  ministros  suos  sei&ire  et  capere  possit 
ad  voluntatem  suam  ad  opus  praedicti  Ducis,  wayfs  et 
strayes,  deodanda,  thesaurum  inventum  ac  alia  inveata 
supradicta.  Et  quod  priedictus  Dux  ad  totam  vitam  Buam 
habeat  queecumque  bona  et,  catalla  vocata  manuopera  cap- 
ta  vel  capieada  cam  quacumque  persona  infra  terras  et 
feoda  prgedicta,  ac  per  eandem  perBonam  coram  quocum- 
que  judice  deadvocata.  Salvis  semper  et  reservatis  pr^ato 
Dud,  et  hasredibus  euis  prsedictis,  omnimodis  aliis  privi^ 
legiis,  immunitalibus,  et  quietantiis,  eis,  per  nos  aut  per 
dictum  arum  nostrum,  datis  conceasis  seu  confirmatis.  Hiis 
testibua,  venerabilibus  patribua  Willielmo  Cantuariensi  to* 
tius  Anglisa  Primate,  Thoma  Eboracensi  AnglisB  Primate, 
Caucellario  noBtro,  ArchiepiscopiB,  Roberto  Londinensi,  Ro- 
berto Cicestrensi,  Uderoan  Wigomensi,  EpiscopiB,  Edmundo 
Eborum,  Thoma  Gloucestriae,  Ducibus,  avunculis  nostris  ca- 
rissimiB,  Edwardo  Rotelandce,  Ricardo  Arundellife,  Thoma 
Marescallo  et  Notinghamise,  Henrico  Northumbrian  Coml- 
tibus,  Rogero  Walden  Thesaurario  nostro,  Thtnna  de  Percy 
Seneecallo  hoepitii  nostri,  Ouidone  Mone  Custode  privati 
sigilli  noBtri,  et  aliia.  Data  per  mauum  nostram  apud 
WestmooaBterium  viceeimo  nono  die  Junii,  anno  regni 
noetri  vicesimo. — plenius  continetur. 


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186 

seizin  of  the  said  chattels,  and  the  Bame  chattels  to  retain  Hir»'» 
to  the  behoof  of  the  aforesaid  Duke; — without  let  or  hin-  ^"""^ 
derance  of  ua  or  our  heirs,  or  of  our  sheriffs,  escheators,  ^^  ^ 
or  other  bailiffi  or  ministers  of  us  and  our  heirs  whomso-  "'*""' 
ever.     And  that  the  aforesaid  Duke,  for  the  whole  of  his  jtium  «a 
life,  may  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  us  and  our  heirs,  «nu,  <un- 
and  also  of  Bummons,  estreats,   and  precepts^  of  our  ex-  ^^^j^"^ 
chequer  and  of  the  exchequer  of  our  heirs,  and  of  the 
estreats  and  precepts  of  the  justices  of  us  and  our  heirs 
in  eyre  to  bold  as  well  pleas  of  the  forest  as  common 
pteas,  and  of  other  justices  whomsoever,  and  also  the  at-  ^'*^^f^' 
tachmeot  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  as  of  others   in  "xo""™- 
all  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.      And   tiiat   tiie  afore- 
said Duke,  for  the  whole  of  his  liCe^  by  himself  and  by  his 
bailiK  and  minbters  may  have  in  the  same  lands  and  fees 
the  execution  of  the  same  writs,  summons,  estreats,  and 
precepts,  so  that  no  sheriff,   buliff,  or  other  minister  of  Ki>i)i«ur<>r 
us  or  our  hein  shall  enter  the  aforesaid  lands  and  fees  to  ^^q^^^ 
perform  any  office,  or  anything  touching  his  office,  unless  21)™  *"  ■"' 
in  default  of  the  same  Duke  or  his  ministers.     And  fur-  hb«  aa 
tiiermore  we  do  grant,  and  by  this  our  charter  have  con-  '^^^' 
finned,  for  us  and  our  sud  heirs,  that  if  the  sherifJE  or  i*!^)^^^ 
bailifis  of  liberties,  hundreds,  or  wapentakes  be  negligent  ' 
or  remiss  in  making  any  executions  for  the  aforesaid  Duke 
by  writs  or  mandates  of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  in  any  other 
wise  whereby  it  shall  happen  that  they  be  amerced  or 
make  fines  in  the  exchequer  or  in  other  the  courts  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  such  fines  and  amercements  shall  belong 
to  the  aforesaid  Duke,  and  that  they  may  be  levied  to  the 
behoof  of  the  same  Duke  by  his  ministers  ^ovesaid  dur- 
ing his  life.    And  that  the  aforesaid  Duke,  for  the  whole  of  vtytfoi 
bis  life,  may  have  within  all  the  afore»ud  lands  and  fees 
all  manner  of  diattels  called  wayf  and  stray,  deodands,  ntodudi. 


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187 
S'^H^  dictam  hfereditatem  oostram, 
aut  libertates  ejusdem,  occafiione  instaatis  aaaumptioniB  re- 
galia status  etdignitatisnoBtrffi  in  aliquomutariftransfern^di- 
minui,  seu  derogari,  sed  eandem  hsereditatem  Dostram  cum 
juribus  et  libertatibus  auis  prtedictia,  ^sdem  modo,  foniia, 
coaditione,  et  statu  quibus  nobis  descenderaut  et  eTenerant, 
ac  etiam  cum  omnibus  et  singulis  talibuB  libertatibus  et  fran- 
cbesiis,  ac  aliis  privilegiis,  commoditatibuB,  et  proficuis  qui- 
buBCumque,  quibus  prsedictus  dominuB  et  pater  noster,  dum 
vixit,  eam,  ad  terminum  vitra  sute,  ex  concessione  pnedicti 
Ricardi  nuper  Regis,  habuit  et  tenuit,  nobis  et  dtctis  hferedi- 
bue  nostris  in  dictis  cartis  specificatis,  plenarie  et  integre 
conservari,  continuari,  et  haberi,  volumus,  ac  teuore  pne- 
sentium  ex  certa  scienda  nostra,  de  assensu  prsesentis  par- 
liamenti  nostri,  concedinius,  declaramus,  discemimus,  et 
ordinamus,  pro  nobis  et  bseredibus  noetris,  quod  tam 
ducatus  noster  Lancastriee,  quam  uniTersa  et  sisgula  alia 
comitatuB,  bonores,  castra,  maneria,  feoda,  advocadones, 
possesuonee,  annuitates  et  dominia  qusecumqu^  nobis, 
ante  adeptionem  dignitatis  noetrs  regiee,  qualitercumque 
et  ubicumque,  jure  heereditario,  in  dominico  servido  vel  in 
reversione,  seu  alias  qualitercumque  discensa,  nobis  et  dictis 
haeredibus  noetris  in  cartis  pnedictis  apecificatis,  in  forma 
prsedicta  remaneant  imperpetuum,  et  quod  taliter  et  tali 
modo,  et  per  tales  offlciarios  et  ministroe  in  omnibus  dedu- 
cantur,  gubementur,  et  pertractentur,  sicut  remanere,  de- 
duct, gubeman,  et  pertractari  deberent  si  ad  culmen  dig- 
nitatis regtse  assumpti  minime  fuissemus,  ac  insuper  quod 
talia  et  bujnsmodi  libertates,  jura  regalia,  consuetudines  et 
franchesis,  in  ducatu,  comitatibus,  honoribus,  castris, 
maneriis,  feodis,  ac  cseteris  posseseionibus  et  dominiis 
pTsedictis,  in  omnibus  et  per  omnia,  imperpetuum  babean- 
tur,  exerceantur,  continuentur,  fiant  et  utantur,  et  per 


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187 

treasure  trove,  «nd  other  things  or  chattels  fouDd;  aad  thuuis 
that  he  by  himself  and  his  ministers  may  he  ahle  to  seize 
aad  take  at  their  pleasure,  to  the  behoof  of  the  aforesaid 
Duke,  the  vayfe  and  strays,  deodands,  treasure  trove,  and 
other  things  found  as  abovesaid.  And  that  the  aforesaid  kiIdodi. 
Duke,  for  the  whole  of  his  life,  may  have  all  manner 
of  goods  and  diattels  called  Mainour,  taken  or  to  be 
taken  upon  any  person  soever  within  the  lands  and  fees 
aforeswd,  and  by  the  same  person  disclaimed  before  any 
judge  soever;  saving  always  and  reserved  to  the  aforesaid  siTingsfii- 
Duke  and  bis  heirs  aforesaid  all  manner  of  other  privileges,  ^^  '" 
immunities,  and  acquittances,  given,  granted,  or  confirmed 
to  tbem  by  us  OT  by  our  said  grandfather.  These  being 
witnesses,  the  venerable  htbers,  William  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England ;  Thomas  Archbisbop 
of  York,  Primate  of  England,  our  Chancellor;  Robert 
Bishop  of  London ;  Robert  Biebop  of  Chichester ;  Tideman 
Bishop  of  Worcester;  Edmund  Duke  of  York,  and  Tho- 
mu  Duke  of  Gloucester,  our  most  dear  uncles;  Edward 
Earl  of  Rutland ;  Richard  Earl  of  Arundel ;  Tbomaa  Earl 
Marshal  and  of  Nottingham;  Henry  Earl  of  Northum- 
berland ;  Roger  Walden,  our  Treasurer ;  Thomas  de  Percy, 
Steward  of  our  household;  Guy  Mone,  Keeper  of  our 
privy  seal ;  and  others.  Given  under  our  band  at  West- 
minster, on  the  twenty-ninth  day  of  June,  in  the  twentieth 
year  of  our  reign. 

^7  IS, — ^not  willing  that  our  said  heritage,  or  the  liberties  ^^^^f 
thereof  be  in  aught  changed,  transferred,  lessened,  or  dero-  ^^"^ 
gated  from,  on  account  of  our  present  assumption  of  the  ^l^^ 
royal  estate  and  dignity,  but  that  our  same  heritage,  with  ^lund^ 
its  rights  and  libertieB  aforesaid,  in  the  same  manner,  unimp£>'n 
statf^  form,  and  condition,  in  which  it  descended  and  «koUii 
came  to  us,  and  also  with  all  and  angular  Budi  liberties 


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tales  officiarioa  «t  mmietros  guberaentur  et  exequantur, 
quae  et  qualia  et  per  qu&les  officiarioa  et  ministroa,  tarn 
tempore  dicti  domini  et  patrie  nostri,  quam  temporibus 
aliorum  progeaitorum  et  anteceBSonim  nostrorum,  in  eisdem 
ducatu,  comitatibuB,  honoribus,  castris,  maneriis,  fieodis, 
ac  aliis  possessionibus  et  dominiis  pnedictie,  oU  et  haberi* 
ac  regi  et  gubemari  coDBQererunt,  virtute  cartanim  prte- 
dictarum :  Volentes  ulterius  et  concedentea,  ac  pro  nobis  et 
h»redibu3  nostris  prffidicds,  ex  certa  scieatia  nostra  et  de 
assensu  prsedictis,  plenarie  declarantee,  quod  uniTersi  et 
singuli  teaentes  nostri  de  ducatu,  comitatibuB,  honoribus, 
maneriis,  feodis,  ac  aliis  possessionibus  et  domiiuis  pre- 
dictis,  etbaaredes  sui,  adeo  liberi  sint  et  in  omnibus  talis  ac 
adeo  libers  et  illes»  conditionis,  tarn  in  ingressibua  suis  in 
ba^reditates  suas  post  mortem  antecessorum  suorum,  quam 
in  tenuris  suis,  ac  alias  qualitercumque,  aicut  esse  possent 
et  deberent,  de  consuetudine  vel  de  jure,  si  dicta  dignitas 
nostra  regia  nobis  nusquam  acddiBset,  dicta  assumptjone 
nostra  dignitatis  regiee,  aut  eo  quod  ducatus,  comitatus, 
honoree,  castra,  maneria,  feoda,  advocationes,  posses- 
slonea,  dominia  et  libertates  preedicta  in  manu  nostra 
jam  existunt^  seu  aliqua  interrupdone,  cessatione,  vel  dia- 
contjnuatione  libertatum  preedictarum,  seu  aliqiubus  aliis 
occasionibuB,  cauais,  coloribus,  vel  impedimentis  quibus- 
cumque,  quae  incontrarium  prsesentis  voluntatis,  concea- 
sioois,  et  declaratioois  nostre  vigorem  seu  e^ctum  ali- 
quem  habere  nolumus,  in  aliquo  non  obstantibus.  Proviso 
semper  quod  tenentes  nostri  infra  coroitatum  nostrum 
palatJDum  LancaatriEe  hsreditates  suas  in  manum  nostram 
et  dictorum  beeredum  nostrorum  in  dictis  cards  spedfica- 
torum,  post  mortem  antecessorum  suorum,  seu  alio  modo 
seisiendas  et  capiendast  extra  eandem  manum  nostram,  et 
dictorum  hssredum  nostrorum  in  cards  preedicds  specifica- 


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and  franchiaes,  and  other  pnTilegeS)  advantages,  and  profits  "^  *i|? 
whatsoeTer,  with  which  our  aforesaid  lord  and  father,  whilst  J^„7.'',|f'' 
he  lived,  had  and  held  the  same,  for  the  term  of  his  life,  b;  ^^*^' 
grant  from  the  aforesaid  late  King  Richard,  shall  be  to  us  ■nan'^Ma- 
and  our  said  heirs  in  the  said  charters  specified,  fully  and 
entirely  kept,  continued,  and  had; — will,  and  by  the  tenor  Sftiiadnr*» 
of  these  presents,  of  our  certain  knowledge,  and  with  the  ^^??^ 
assent  of  our  present  parliament,  do  grant,  declare,  decree,  tET^^S^Xc 
and  ordun,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  as  well  our  duchy  of  tomuSDu 
Lancaster,  as  all  and  singular  the  other  counties,  honors,  ■a«ii«io 
castles,   manors,   fees,   advowsons,   possessions,   annuities, 
and  lordships  whatever,  to  us  howsoever  and  wheresoever 
descended   before   our  adoption  of  the  royal  dignity,   by 
hereditary  right,  in  demesne,  in  service,  or  in  reversion,  or 
otherwise  howsoever,  shall  for  ever  remain  to  us  and  our 
said  heirs  in  the  charters  aforesaid  specified  in  form  afore- 
said;  and  that  they  so  and  in  such  wise,  and  by  such 
officers  and  ministers,  in  all  things  be  managed,  governed, 
and  treated,  as  they  would  have  remained,  been  managed, 
governed,  and  treated,  if  we  had  never  assumed  the  ensign 

of  roval  diimity.     And,  moreover,  that  such  and  the  like  tiuiuim 
,.,:,.  .  -       i_-        ■      i_        -J  «"««i"  *oa 

liberties,  jura  regalia,  customs,  and  Irancbises,  in  tne  said  >»"*■"■ 

duchy,  counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,  and  other  ^,^'^ 

possesions  and  lordships  aforesud,  in  all,  and  throughout  ^^^ 

all,  be  bad,  exercised,  continued,  done,  and  used  for  ever,  fhi^il^ 

and  they  by  such  officers  and  ministers  be  governed  and  exe-  vnniwii  17 

cuted,  as  and  which  were  wont  to  be  had  and  used  in  the  P^"** 

same  duchy,  counties,  honors,  casties,  manors,  fees,  and 

other  possessions  and  lordships,  and  by  whom  they  were 

woDt  to  be  ruled  and  governed,  as  well  in  the  time  of  our 

said  lord  and  father,  as  in  the  times  of  other  our  pro> 

genitors  and  ancestors,  by  virtue  of  the  charters  aforesaid: 

Willing,  furthermore,  and  granting,  and  for  us  and  our  heirs 


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1S9 

tonim,  per  liberatioDem  in  cancellaria  r^alitads  ibidem 
habendam,  proBequantur,  ut  est  inoris  et  fuerit  faciendum 
rationfl  regalitatis  eupradicte ;  et  quod  prserqgatira  nostra 
quoad  maritagia  et  proficua  maritagionim  bseredum  alionim 
tenentjum  Doetrorum,  extra  dictum  comitatum  palatinum, 
seisienda  et  habenda,  locum  babeat  et  vigorem.  Volumua 
iuBuper  et  coDcedinua,  pro  Dobie  et  hsredibuB  nostris,  ex 
certa  scientia  noBtra  et  aaaenBU  prtedictie,  quod  universa 
et  singula  beneficia  ecclesiastica  ad  bsereditatem  noBtram 
prffidictam  apecttrntia,  per  nos  et  dictog  beeredes  nostros  in 
dictis  cartis  specificatoB,  continue  futuris  temponbus  con- 
ferantur:  Ita  quod  cancellariug  vel  thesaurariuB  Anglis 
pro  tempore  existentes,  aeu  quivia  aliuB  offidarius  regin«, 
de  collatione  vel  prssentation^  seu  etiam  de  Tiaitatione 
beoeficionun  bnjusmodi,  ratione  officionun  auorum,  ee 
nullatenua  intromittant  in  fiituro.  Volumua  etiam  et  con- 
cedimue,  pro  Dobis  ef  hnredibus  nostris,  ex  certa  scientia 
nostra  et  de  assensu  preedictiB,  quod  omnes  et  singuli  re- 
ceptores,  feodarii,  firmarii,  balliTi,  priepositi,  officiarii,  ac 
quicamqae  alii  serrientes  et  ministri  noBtri,  et  dictorum 
bseredum  nostrorum  in  dictis  cartis  specificatorum,  prse- 
dictorum  ducatus,  comitatuum,  honorum,  castrorum, 
maneriorum,  feodorum,  posseBsionum,  dominionim  et  1i- 
bertatum,  de  omnibus  et  singulis  deuariis,  firmis,  reddi- 
tibuB,  exitibus,  reventionibus,  et  proficuis  qtiibuscumque 
de  eisdem  ducatu,  comitatibus,  honoribuB,  castris»  ma- 
neriis,  feodis,  poesessionibus,  dominiis  et  libertatibus, 
qualitercumque  provenientibus,  coram  certie  specialibus 
auditoribus,  officiariis  et  ministris,  per  nos  et  dictos 
bseredes  nostroB  in  cartis  pnedictis  specificatos  de  tem- 
pore in  tempus  ad  hoc  limttandis  et  asugnandie,  duntaxat, 
et  non  coram  theeaurario  et  baronibus  de  scaccario  re- 
gie, computent  et  respondeant  continue  infuturum.     Ita 


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189 

aforesaid,  of  our  certain  knowledgfl  and  witb  the  aasent  Th*tcnuiu 
aforesaid,  fully  declaring,  that  all  and  singular  our  tenants  ^,*^,,'^,, 
of  the  ducby,  counties,  honors,  manors,  fees,  and  other  poa-  J^!*!!? 
sesuooB  and  lordships  aforesaid,  and  their  heirs,  may  be  as  ^  un»- 
free,  and  in  all  respects  of  such  and  of  as  unimpaired  and 
free  condition,  as  well  in  their  entries    upon  their  in- 
heritances after   the  death  of  their   ancestors  as  in  their 
tenures,  and  otherwise  howsoever,  as  they  could  and  ought 
to  be  by  custom  or  of  right  if  our  said  royal  dignity  had 
never  falleu  to  us,  our  said  assumption  of  the  royal  dignity 
notwithstanding,  or  notwithstanding  that  the  duchy,  coun- 
ties, honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,  advowsons,  possessions, 
lordships,  and  liberties  aforesaid  are  now  in  our  hands,  or 
any  interruption,  cessation,  or  discontinuance  of  the  liberties 
aforeswd,  or  any  other  lets,  causes,  colors,  or  impediments 
whatsoever  (which  we  will  not  to  have  any  force  or  eflect  to 
the  contrary  of  this  our  present  will,  grant,  and  declara" 
tion,]  in  anywise  notwithstanding.     Provided  always,  that  ProTiwto 
our  tenants  within  our  county  palatine  of  Lancaster  may  ^*,^"' 
sue  their  inheritances  (to  be  taken  and  seized  into  the  i"'^"' 
hands  of  us  and  our  said  heirs  in  the  said  charters  specified 
after  the  death  of  their  ancestors  or  in  other  manner)  out 
of  the  same  hands  of  us  and  our  said  heirs  in  the  aforesaid 
charters  specified,  by  livery  to  be  had  in  the  chancery  of 
the  regality  there,  as  is  the  custom,  and  would  have  been 
done  by  reason  of  the  abovesud   regality;    and  that   our  sanngtiM 
prerogative  m  respect  oi  seizing  and  bavmg  the  marriages  utam»- 
and  the  profits  of  the  nuuriages  of  the  heirs  of  other  our  ^5,^21"^ 
tenants  out  of  the  said   county  palatine   have  effect  and 
vigor.     We  will  moreover  and  grant,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  nimMiiarw 
of  our  certain  knowledge  and  with  the  assent  aforesaid,  ^f^^"^. 
that  all  and  singular  ecclesiastical  beneGces  belonging  to  ^u^tT 
our  heritage  aforesud  shall  in  time  to  come  be  conferred  n^. 


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140 

quod  thegaurariuB  et  barones  de  ecaccario  pnedicto,  de 
aliquibus  hujusmodi  denariia,  finnis,  redditdbus,  exitibus, 
reventionibus  aut  proGcuia,  seu  de  aliquibus  compotia,  Tel 
ratiocinuB  inde  audiendis,  habeDdie,  reddendis,  vel  tenni- 
DandiB  infuturum,  se  doo  mtromittfttit  ullo  modo.  Id 
cujus  tei  teslimoDiam  bas  literas  nostras  fieri  fecimus 
patentee.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  WeBtmonasterium,  quarto 
decimo  die  Octobris,  anno  regni  aostri  primo. 

Per  ipsum  Kegem  et  de  asaensu  Parliameoti. 


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140 

uniDtomiptedly  b^  us  and  our  said  beira  in  the  stud  cfaarten 
epedfied :  so  that  in  future  the  chaocellor  or  treaeurer  of 
Englsod  (or  the  time  being,  or  any  other  royal  officer,  do  in 
nowise  intermeddle  in  the  collatiou  or  presentation,  or  even 
in  the  Tiritatioo,  of  the  like  benefices  by  reason  of  their 
offices.  We  will  also  and  grant,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  of  ^  ^ 
our  certain  knowledge  and  with  the  assent  aforesaid,  that  i£^^ni« 
all  aud  singular  receivers,  feodaries,  farmers,  bailiffs,  reeres,  ""-"^ 
officers,  and  other  the  servants  and  ministers  whosoever  of  ^^^'^• 
us  and  our  said  heirs  in  the  said  charters  spedfied  of  the 
aforesaid  duchy,  couoties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  fees, 
possessions,  lordships,  and  liberties,  for  all  and  singular 
sums  of  money,  farms,  rests,  issues,  revenues,  and  profits 
whatever  in  any  manner  proceeding  from  the  same  duchy, 
counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,  possessions,  lordships, 
and  liberties,  shall  without  interruption  account  and  answer 
in  future  before  certain  special  auditors,  officers,  and  minis- 
ters from  time  to  time  to  be  hereunto  limited  and  assigned 
only  by  us  and  our  swd  beirs  in  the  charters  aforesaid  spe- 
cified, and  not  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  royal 
exchequer.  So  that  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the  ex> 
chequer  aforesaid  shall  not  in  any  wise  intermeddle  in 
future  in  any  the  like  monies,  forms,  rents,  issues,  're> 
venues,  or  profits,  or  in  the  auditing,  having,  renderings 
or  determining  any  the  accounts  or  reckonings  thereof.  In 
witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our  letters  to  be 
made  patent.  Witness  ourself  at  Westminster,  on  the 
fourteenth  day  of  October,  in  the  first  year  of  our  reign. 
By  the  King  himself  and  with  the  assent  of  ParUament 


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Rululus  Pftrliamcnli  sumnioniti  et  tentj  spud  WestiDon 
Lunn  iti  fcsto  sancM  Fidis  Viiginia,  tuino  rcgni  Regis  Henrici  Qututi 
post  CoD()ueBtuin  primo. 

Qe  le  Prince  porte  le  noun  de  Due  de 
Lancastre. 

EM,  Dostre  dit  Seigniour  le  Roy  considerant 
loment  luy  Dieu  tout-puiBsant  de  sa  grande 
^ace  luy  ad  mys  en  I'onurable  eetat  da  Roy, 
t  pourtant  il  ne  poet  mesmee  pur  certeine 
cause  porter  le  noun  de  Due  de  Lfuicastre  en  son  estile : 
Et  auxi  mesme  oostre  Seigniour  le  Roy  considerant 
coment  eel  honurable  noun  et  eBtat  de  Due  ad  este 
mesnez  et  goveruez  moelt  hoaurablement  en  I'onurable 
pereone  de  son  pier,  qi  Dieu  assoilei  et  dee  pleusours 
ses  hoDurables  auncestres :  Et  veullant  sur  ceo  que  le 
dit  noun  de  Due  de  Lancastre  eoit  continuez  en  bonur 
come  affiert,  de  radvis  et  assent  des  touts  lez  Seigniours 
espirituelx  et  tetnporelx,  et  de  les  Communes  avaunt- 
ditz,  ad  ordeignez  que  Henry  son  eisnez  filz  ait  et 
porte  le  noun  de  Due  de  Laneaetre,  et  q''il  soit  nomez 
Prince  de  Galea,  Due  d'Aquitaigne,  de  Lancastre,  et  de 
CornewaUle,  et  Count  de  Cestre.  Et  outre  ceo,  mesme 
notre  Seigniour  le  Roy  considerant  coment  diverses  li- 
bertees  et  franchisee  uent  este  grantez  devant  ces  heurea, 
si  bien  a  son  dit  pier  come  as  autres  ses  auncestres  Dues 
et  Counts  de  Lancastre,  voet  et  grante,  de  I'advya  et  assent 
avauntditz,  que  mesmea  les  liberteea  et  franchisee  soient  et 


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Roll  of  the  Puliamcnt  Hmnmoned  and  holdcn  at  Westminster,  on 
Monday  the  fcMt  of  Saiot  Fnith  the  Virgin  (6th  October),  in  the  firat 
yc«r  of  the  reign  of  King  Henr;  the  Fourth  after  the  Cooqaest. 

That  the  Prince  «ay  bear  the  nahe  of  Duke 
OP  Lancaster. 

P^LSO,  our  said  Lord  the  King  conBidering  how  iwhK». 
1  Almighty  God  of  his  great  grace  hath  placed  *»■  )»•. 

him   in   the   honorable    estate  of  King,   and 
I  neverthelesB  he  cannot  yet  for  certain  cauee 
bear  the  name  of  Duke  of  Lancaster  in  his  style:   And  Hnn.tb* 
also,  our  same  Lord  the  King  considering  how  this  ho-  f°|^*^„u^ 
oorable  name  and    station    of  Duke    hath    been   most  ^^j^^, 
honorably  treated  and  governed  in  the  honorable  person  ^iS^S', 
of  his   father,  on  whom  may   God  have  mercy,   and   of  ^i.'ti^' 
his  several  honor^le   ancestors:    And  on   that  account  ch«tcr. 
being  willing  that   the  said  name  of  Duke  of  Lancaster 
be  continued  in  honor,  as  is  meet,  hath  ordained,  by  and 
with  the  advice  and  assent  of  all  the  Lords  spiritual  and 
temporal,   and   of  the  Comtnons   aforesaid,   that    Henry, 
bis  eldest  bod,  do  have  and  bear  the  name  of  Duke  of 
Lancaster,  and  that  he  be  named  Prince  of  Wales,  Duke 
of  Aquitaine,  of  Lancaster,  and  of  Cornwall,  and  ELarl  of 
Cheater.     And,  moreover,  our  same  Lord  the  King,  con-  Thtftu- 
sidering  how   divers  liberties  and   franchises  have   been  J^^*^^ 
granted  before  these  times,  as  well  to  his  said  father  as  ^)tm^'"' 
to   other  his  ancestors   Dukee   and   Earls  of  Lancaster,  difl^i^' 
wills   and  grants,   by   and  with    the  advice    and    assent  (nwo. 


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demor^nt  a  son  dit  eisnez  filz,  et  see  heires  Dues  de  Lati- 
castre,  disseverez  de  la  corone  d'Engleterre  quitement  et 
eotienneDt,  solonc  I'effect  et  purport  de  les  grantee  avauut- 
dites.  Et  sur  ceo  motistra  une  chartre  en  parlement  eat 
faite,  et  la  bailla  a  sod  eianez  filz  aTauntdit. 


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14« 

aforesaid,  tbat  the  Bame  liberties  and  franchises  be  and 
remain  with  his  said  eldest  son,  and  bis  heirs  Dukes  of 
LancBBter,  wholly  and  entirely  dissevered  from  the  crown  of 
England,  according  to  the  effect  and  purport  of  the  grants 
aforesud.  And  hereupon  he  exhibited  a  charter  thereof 
made  in  parliament,  and  delivered  it  to  his  eldest  son 
aforesaid. 


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HotuluB  Pnrliamciiti  tcnti  spud  WeEtmonuteriiim  primo  die  Marcii, 
anno  regni  Regis  Henriei  Quarti  post  Conquestuni  septimo,  et  finiti 
ibidem  viceumo  secundo  die  Decembris,  anno  regni  ejusdem  R^s 

L'enheritance  de  la  Corone. 

Hot  Pan  ^TEM,  mesmele  jour[Liindy  leT'jourde  Ju}ii3> 

m.^|8^.M.  S  Beant   nostre   Seigniour   le   Roy  en  soun  see 

[VBUqiife  S  ^°^^^  ®°  preBence  des  Seigniours  en  Parle- 

ZZT  i  ment,  &c 

ET  SUR  CE,  de  I'advys  et  assent  avant  ditz,  feust 

faite  et  ensealee  une  autre   lettre  patente  dessoutz  le 

grand  seal  mesme   nostre   Seigniour  le   Roy,   et  de   lee 

Seigniours,  et  le   Commune   Parlour  suisditz,   briefment 

contenante  la  substance  de  la  matere  comprise  en  la  dite 

exemplification;    laquele   lettre  patente  fiiist  auxi  lue  et 

pleinement  accordez  devaunt  le  Roy  et  les  ditz  Seigniours 

et  Communes,  dont  le  tenure  auu  s'enseute : 

Pro  Hbnbico  pbiitcipb  Wallia  habbdb  appahbntb. 

Ibid.;  St  "  Proviso  etiam  quod  jus  successionis  in  ducatu  nostro 

Kot.  PU.  ^  " 

'  ^^  a  iB  "  LuicaBtriae  illi  vel  illis,  cui  vel  quibus  de  jure  et  consue- 

[vi^M?.  "  tudine  regni  nostri  Angliae '  debeatur  seu  debebitur  in 

^Iwt^V "  "  futuro,  istis  non  obstandbus,  salvum  omnino  maneat  et 

ocuvo]  "  iltaesum." 


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XIX. 

Roll  i^  the  Pftrliaroent  holden  at  Wcstoiingt^r  on  the  find  day  of 
March,  in  the  seventh  yen  of  the  tcign  of  King  Henry  the  Fourth  after 
the  Conquest,  and  there  ended  on  the  tweniy-aecond  day  of  December, 
in  the  eighth  year  of  the  same  King's  reign. 

The  inheritance  of  the  Crown. 

fkLSO,  on  the  same  day  tMonday  the  ecventh  niunu, 

"1  day  of  June]^  our  l.ord  the  King  eittiDg  onhia  ioiiw. 

royal  throne  in  presence  of  the  Lords  in  Par-  «luc'ii  !•  m 

liament,*  &c.     [See  the  Rolls  of  Parliament,  '"'"■I 
vol.  iii.  p.  574.] 

AND  HEREUPON,  by  and  with  the  advice  and  assent 
aforesaid,  other  letters  patent  were  made  and  sealed  under 
the  great  seal  of  our  same  Lord  the  King,  and  the  seals  of 
the  Lords,  and  that  of  the  Common  Speaker  abovesaid, 
containing  hriefly  the  suhstance  of  the  matter  comprised 
in  the  said  exemplification;  which  letters  patent  were 
also  read,  and  fully  agreed  to^  before  the  King  and  the 
said  Lords  and  Commons,  the  tenor  whereof  also  fol- 
loweth.  [See  the  Rolls  of  ParUamen^  toL  iii.  p.  576.] 
Fob  HsiraT  Prince  op  Wales,  ihb  hbir  apparbnt. 

"  Provideo   also  that  the  right  of  succession  in   our  rtbioM, 
"  duchy  of  Lancaster  do  remain  wholly  saved  and  uoim-  i.d*!W. 
"  paired  to  him  or  to  them,  to  whom  by  law  and  custom  ^if'it" 
**  of  our  realm  of  Eneland  it  ie  due,  or  shall  be  due  in  wtwud  in' 
"  future,  these  notwithstanding. '  iiw<biith 

*  By  this  statute  the  crown  wbb  settled,  after  the  King's  decease,  on 


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144 

L'bnhbhitaitch  db  la  Coboitb. 
ITEM,  Meaquardy  le  22  jour  de  Decembr^  lea  Com- 
munes ^drent  deraunt  le  Roy  et  lea  Seigniours  en 
Parlement,  et  illeoaqea  esteantz  memsea  lea  Communes, 
le  ^t  Mondeur  Johan  Tybetot  pria  en  lour  noun  a  meame 
nostra  Seigniour  le  Roy  qe  meemea  lea  Communea  pui^ 
roient  avoir  illeosqes  communication  ovesque  toutz  les 
Seigniours  eapirituclx  et  temporelz;  quel  prier  le  Roy 
leur  ottroia.  Sur  quoy  mesmes  les  Seigniours  eue  ad- 
Tyse  et  deliberation  ovesque  les  ditz  Communes,  I'Erce- 
reaque  de  Caotirbira,  el  noun  dea  meamea  les  Seigniours 
et  Communes,  myat  avaunt  une  petition  toucbant  I'en- 
beritance  et  la  aucceasion  de  la  Corone  d'Engleterre,  et 
pria  a  mesme  noatre  Seigniour  le  Roy  qll  luy  plerroit 
affermer  la  dite  petition  en  Parlement,  et  qe  meame  la 
petition  purroit  estre  enactez  et  enrollez  en  rolle  de 
Parlement^  et  tenuz  et  proclames  pur  estatut :  fesantz 
protestation  qe  ne  fuist  pas  leur  entention  de  parler  riene 
celle  partie  toucbant  la  ducfaie  ne  I'eritage  de  Lancastre. 
Quel  prier  le  Roy  lour  ottroia.  Et  au  lyn  qe  les  ditz 
enheritancea  et  aucceesion  purront  overtement  estre  pub- 
liez  et  conuz  as  toutz  roialmes,  teires,  et  seigniouries 
queconqes,  accordez  est  et  assentuz  par  le  Koy  et  les 
Seignioura  en  Parlement  qe  la  dite  petition   soit  exem- 

the  King's  eldest  son  Henry  Prince  of  Walea,  ud  the  heirs  edsIc  of  hig 
bod; ;  and  if  ke  should  die  without  issue  rode,  then  on  the  King's 
second  son  Thomas,  and  the  heiia  male  of  his  bod; ;  with  Temainders 
to  John  and  Hum&e;,  the  King's  third  and  fourth  sons,  and  the  heirG 
male  of  their  bodies  successivel;.  The  statute  was  ordered  to  be  exem- 
plified under  the  King's  great  seal,  the  seals  of  the  Lords,  and  that 
of  the  Speaker  of  the  Commons,  and  the  exemplification  was  ordered 
to  be  entered  on  the  Roll.  The  proriso  relative  to  the  Duchy  of  Lan- 
caster occuiB  in  the  letters  patent  containing  the  substance  of  the  matter 
Gomprised  in  the  exemplification. 


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Thb  Inhbritakcb  op  TH8  Crown.* 

ALSO)  OD  Wednesday  the  tweoty-secoDd  day  of  De-  imdm. 
cember,  the  Coibidods  came  before  the  King  and  the  Lords  *'^  '*'*■ 
in  Parliament,  and,  the  same  Commona  being  there,  the 
said  Sir  John  Tybetot  in  their  name  prayed  our  eame 
Lord  the  King  that  the  said  Commons  might  there  have 
communication  with  all  the  Lords  spiritual  and  temporal ; 
which  prayer  the  King  granted  to  them.  Whereupon  the 
same  Lords  having  had  advice  and  deliberation  with  the 
said  Commons,  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  in  the  name 
of  the  same  Lords  and  Commons  laid  before  them  a  peti- 
tion touching  the  inheritance  and  succession  of  the  Crown 
of  England,  and  prayed  our  same  Lord  the  King  that  he 
would  be  pleased  to  affirm  the  said  petition  in  Parliament, 
and  that  the  same  petition  might  he  enacted  and  inrolled 
on  the  roll  of  Parliament,  and  be  held  and  proclaimed  as  a 
statute :  making  protestation  that  it  was  not  their  inten- 
tion to  speak  aught  in  that  behalf  touching  the  duchy 
or  the  heritage  of  Lancaster.  Which  prayer  the  King 
granted  to  them.  And  to  the  end  that  the  said  inhe- 
ritance and  succession  might  be  openly  published  and 
known  to  all  kingdoms,  lands,  and  seignories  whatsoever, 

*  The  previous  statute,  passed  in  this  Parliament  for  limitation  of  the 
crown  to  the  hcjra  male  of  the  bodiea  of  the  King's  four  sons  rexpiHrt- 
ively,  being  contrary  to  the  settlement  made  in  the  fifth  year  of  the 
King,  [Rot.  Pari.  5  Hen.  4,  n.  17.  See  the  Parliament  Rolls,  vol.  iii. 
p.  626,  "  Affermance  des  Estati  du  Roy  et  du  Prince,"]  it'was,  there- 
fore, in  the  same  Parliament  repealed,  and  a  second  act  wae  passed, 
by  which  the  inheritance  of  the  crown  and  oF  the. kingdoms  of  England 
and  F'raiH»,  and  of  the  King's  other  dominions  beyond  tbe  sea,  was  set- 
tled on  the  King,  and  the  heiis  of  his  body,  and  on  the  King's  four  sons, 
and  the  heir»  of  their  respective  bodies,  successively.  The  proviso 
relative  to  the  duchy  of  Iiancaster  occurs  in  the  exemplification  of  the 
instrument  declaring  the  latter  setllemeDt. 


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plifiez  dessouthMe  grant  seal  du  Roy,  et  auxi  ensealez 
deesouth'  les  eealx  des  ditz  Seigniours  et  le  seal  dea 
armes  du  dit  Mousieur  Joban  Tybetot  Commune  Farloor 
pur  lee  Communes  pur  et  en  lee  nouns  de  lee  Communes 
d'Engleterre  avaunt  ditz.  Laquel  exemplification  fuist 
lue  et  pleinement  aecordez  devaunt  le  Roy  et  les  Seig- 
niours  et  Communes,  et  ensealee  en  la  fourme  suis  dite. 
De  quel  exemplification  le  tenure  s'enseut  en  cestes 
parols: 

Sb  Sdccessiohb  bbg»i  Anglic. 
"  Proviso  semper  quod  castra,  honores,  maneria,  terra^ 
"  tenementa,  ac  alia  dominia  et  posaessiones  qiuecunque 
'*  bsereditatis  nostrie  Lancastriae  in  eadem  natura,  statu, 
"  gubematione  et  conditione,  ac  taliter  in  omnibus,  prat- 
"  sentibus  non  obstantibus,  permaneant,  habeantur,  et 
"  teneantur,  sicut  ante  inceptionem  prsesentis  Parliament! 
"  nostri  extiterunt." 

ET  SUR  CE,  de  Tadvys  et  assent  avaunt  ditz,  fuiet  faita 
et  ensealee  une  autre  lettre  patents  desBOUth"  le  grande  seal 
mesme  nostre  Seigniour  le  Roy,  et  de  les  Seigniours  et  le 
Commune  Parlour  suisditz,  briefinent  contenant  la  sub- 
etance  de  la  matere  comprise  en  la  dite  exemplificatioQ : 
la  quele  lettre  patent»  fuiet  auxi  lue  et  pleinement  ae- 
cordez devant  le  Roy  et  les  ditz  Seigniours  et  Com- 
munes, dont  le  tenure  auxi  e'enauite : 

HENRICUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Anglise  et  Frandae  et  Do- 
minus  Hiberniee  omnibus  ad  quos  prsesentes  literfe  perve- 
nerint  salutem  in  Domino  eempitemam.  Noverit  univer- 
eitas  vestra  quod,  licet  in  Parliamento  noetro  apud  West- 
monasterium  septimo  die  Junii  anno  regni  nostri  septimo, 
per  nos,  de  consensu  et  avisamento  omnium  praslatorum 
magnatum   et   procerum  ac  cleri   et  communitatie  regni 


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it  is  agreed  and  asaeDted  to  by  the  King  and  the  Lords  in 
Parliament  that  the  said  petiUon  be  exemplified  under  the 
King''B  great  seal,  and  also  be  sealed  under  the  seals  of  the 
said  Lorda,  and  the  seal  of  the  arms  of  the  said  Sir  John 
Tybetot,  the  Common  Speaker  of  the  Commons^  for  and  in 
the  names  of  the  Commons  of  England  aforesaid.  Which, 
exemplification  was  read  and  fully  agreed  to  before  the 
King  and  the  Lords  and  Commons,  and  was  sealed  in 
the  form  abovesaid.  The  tenor  of  which  exemplifica- 
tion foUoweth  in  these  words — [See  the  Rolls  of  Parlia- 
ment, vol.  ill.  p.  SSOj : 

Op  the  succession  to  tbb  rbalu  op  Enoland. 
**  Provioed  always,  that   the  castles,  honors,  manors,  pntiHum 
"  lands,  tenements,  and  other  lordships  and   possessions  Luiax"' 
•'  whatsoever  of  our  heritage  of  Lancaster,  may  remain,  J  n'lii 
"  be  had,  and  be  held  in  the  same  nature,  state,  gover- 
**  nance  and  condition,  and  in  such  wise  in  all  respecte, 
*<  notwithstanding  these  presents,  as  they  were  before  the 
"  beginning  of  our  present  Parliament." 

AND  HEREUPON,  by  and  with  the  advice  and  assent 
aforesaid,  other  letters  patent  were  made  and  sealed  under 
the  great  seal  of  our  same  Lord  the  King,  and  the  seals 
of  the  Lords,  and  that  of  the  Common  Speaker  aboresud, 
coDtuning  briefly  the  substance  of  the  niatter  comprised 
in  the  said  exemplification :  which  letters  patent  were  also 
read,  and  fully  agreed  to,  before  the  King  and  the  said 
Lords  and  Commons,  the  tenor  whereof  also  foUoweth : 

HENRY,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and  iid  d«. 
France  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present  *-■>'  "'■0«. 
letters  shall  come,  sendeth  health  everlasting  in  the  Lord. 
Be  it  known  to  you  all,  that,  albeit  in  our  Parliament  holden 
at  Westminster  on  the  seventh  day  of  June  in  the  seventh 


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146 

nostri  Angliee,  fuerit  statutum  et  ordinatum  quod  jus 
successionis  post  deccBSUii)  nostrum  in  corona  et  regnis 
nostris  Angliee  et  Francise  et  dominiis  nostriB  quibuB- 
cunque  ultra  mare  ubilibet  constitutiB,  cum  Buis  juribus 
et  pertineutiis  universiB,  ad  Henricum  eadeni  gratia  Prin- 
cipem  Wallise,  Ducem  Aquitanice  Lancastriffi  et  Comubiie, 
et  Comitetn  Cestrise,  filium  nostrum  primogenitutn,  ejusque 
liberoa  masculos  legitime  procreandoB,  ipsoque  Henrico  pri- 
mogenito  nostro  sine  hserede  masculo  decedente  jub  buc- 
cessionis  preedictae  ad  Thomam  Becundo-genitum,  JobaD- 
nem  tertio-genitum,  et  Humfridum  quarto-genitum  nostros, 
eorumque  liberoa  maBCulos  successive  pertineret  modo  et 
forma  in  Uteris  nostris  inde  confectie  plenius  expressatis, 
quae  omnia  bic  habere  volumus  pro  insertjs ;  nihilomiaus 
tamen  prselati,  magnates,  proceres,  cleruB,  et  communitas 
antedicti  attendentes  quod  statutum  et  ordinatio  hujusmodl 
jus  succesaioniB  eorundem  filiorum  nostronun  ac  liberorum 
eorum,  sexum  excludendo  fcemininum,  nimium  reBtringeba^ 
quod  aliquo  modo  diminuere  non  intendeb&nt  sed  potins 
adaugere,  nobis  cum  instantia  non  modica  unanimiter 
suppUcanint  quatinus  statutum  et  ordinationem  hujosmodi 
cassare  et  adnullare,  jusque  succesBionis  prsedictae  ad  dictum 
primogenitum  nostrum  et  alios  filios  nostroa  supradtctos 
eorumque  lueredes  de  corporibus  suis  legitime  procreandos 
post  nostrum  decessum  successive  pertinere,  ordinare  et 
statuere  dignaremur.  Nob  igitur  supplicationi  bujusmodi 
tanquam  juri  consonse  inclinati  ad  instantem  petitionem 
eorundem  prselatorum  magnatum  procerum  cleri  et  com- 
munitatiB  supradictorum  et  de  eorum  omnium  et  sin- 
gulorum  voluntate  et  assensu  expressis,  necnon  nostra 
et  preesentis  Parliamenti  nostri  auctoritate  statutum  et 
ordinationem  priedicta  caasamus  et  adnullamus,  necnon 
ad  eorundem  prielatorum  magnatum  procerum  cleri  et  corn- 


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year  of  our  reign,  it  was  reBolved  and  ordained  by  us,  with  J^,^^ 
the  advice  and  assent  of  all  the  prelates,  grandees,  and  Hi  ^" 
nobles,  and  of  the  clergy  and  commonalty  of  our  realm  tHdriaiif 
of  Englaod,  that  the  right  of  euccession  after  our  decease  •»» 
to  the  crown,  and  our  realms  of  England  and  France, 
and  all  our  dominions  beyond  the  sea,  wheresoever  they 
may  be,  together  with  all  their  rights  and  appurtenances^ 
did  belong  to  Henry,  by  the  same  grace,  Prince  of  Walea^ 
Duke  of  Aqiutune,  Lancaster  and  Cornwall,  and  Earl  of 
Chester,  our  first-bom  son,  and  to  his  children  mate  law- 
fully to  be  begotten;  and,  tbe  same  Henry  our  firet-bom 
dying  without  heir  male,  that  the  right  of  succession  afore- 
said did  belong  to  Thomas  our  second  son,  John  our  third 
son,  and  Humphrey  our  fourth  son,  and  their  children  male 
successively,  in  manner  and  form  more  fully  expressed  in 
our  letters  thereof  made ;  all  of  which  we  will  to  be  re- 
garded as  if  inserted  here :  yet,  nevertheless,  tbe  afore- 
said prelates,  grandees,  nobles,  clergy,  and  commonalty, 
taking  heed  that  sudi  statute  and  ordinance  by  excluding 
the  female  sex  too  far  restrained  the  right  of  succession  of 
our  same  sons  and  their  children,  which  in  no  wise  did 
they  intend  to  diminish,  yea  rather  to  iucrease,  have  una- 
nimously besought  us  with  great  instance  that  we  would 
vouchsafe  to  quash  and  annul  euch  statute  and  ordi- 
nance, and  to  resolve  and  ordain  that  the  right  of  suc- 
cession aforesaid  after  our  decease  does  belong  to  our  said 
firet-bom  son,  and  to  our  other  sons  abovesaid,  and  to  their 
heirs  of  their  bodies  lawfully  to  be  begotten,  successively. 
We,  therefore,  inclining  to  the  like  supplication,  as  being  r*f«iM. 
consonant  wiUi  right,  at  the  instant  petition  of  the  same  pre- 
lates, grandees,  nobles,  clergy,  and  commonalty  abovesaid, 
and  with  their  and  every  of  their  express  will  and  assent, 
and  also  by  our  authority  and  that  of  our  present  Parlia- 


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munitatisprsedictorum  petitionem  et  ro^tum  ac  de  eorum 
consensu  concordi  et  auctoritate  quii  supra  prsefatum  Hen- 
ricum  noetrum  primogenitum  nostrum  verum  le^timuin 
certum  et  indubitatum  haeredem  ac  universalem  Bucces- 
aorem  in  corona  et  regnie  nostris  Angliae  et  Francise  ac 
dominiis  nostris  quibuscunque  ultra  mare  ubilibet  constt- 
tutis  ciun  suis  juribus  et  pertinentiie  universie  fore  et  esse 
ac  fore  et  esse  debere ;  necnon  jus  nobis  universaliter  sne- 
cedeadi  in  dictis  corona  regnis  et  dominiis  prssfato  Henrico 
nostro  piimogenito  et  ad  eum  et  post  ipsum  successive 
hteredibus  suis  de  ipsius  corpore  legitime  procreandis  et 
ad  eos  in  perpetuum  competere  et  pertinere  competereque 
et  pertinere  debere  tenore  prffisentium  statuimus  ordinamua 
decernimus  et  etiam  declaramus.  Et  in  eventu  quo  prsB- 
fatuB  Henricus  primogenitus  noster  absque  hserede  na- 
tural! et  legitime  de  corpore  suo  legitime  procreate  ab 
faac  luce  migraverit  statuimus  ordinamua  decernimus  et 
declaramus  ad  petitionem  et  rogatum  prsedicta  ac  de 
consensu  voluntate  et  auctoritate  quibus  supra  quod  uni 
versale  jus  succeBsionis  hujusmodi  in  dictis  corona  regni 
et  dominiis  nostris  cum  suis  juribua  et  pertinentiis  uni 
versis  ad  Thomam  secundo-genitum  nostrum  et  post  eum 
Buccesaive  ad  baeredea  suob  de  ejus  corpore  legitime 
nascituToe  plene  ac  libere  transeat  ac  remaneat  pro  per- 
petuo.  Quod  si  prfefatum  Tbomam  absque  baerede  na- 
tural! et  legitime  de  corpore  suo  legitime  procreato 
diem  claudere  contingat  extremum  ad  Jobannem  terti<^ 
genitum  nostrum  b«eredeeque  sues  de  ejus  corpore  legi- 
time procreandoB.  Et  si  ipsum  Jobannem  sine  bserede 
bujusmodi  decedere  contigerit  ad  Humfridum  quarto- 
genitum  noBtrum  et  ejus  bseredes  de  corpore  suo  legitime 
procreandos  jus  snccessionis  bujusmodi  in  corona  regnis  et 
dominiis  antedictis  cum  eorum  pertinentiis  absque  contra- 


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tnent,  the  statute  and  ordinance  aforesaid  do  quash  and 
aoDul;  and  likewise  at  the  petition  and  request  of  the  t 
same  prelates,  grandees,  nobles,  clergy,  and  commonaUy  ita  ih> 
aforesaid,  and  with  tbeir  uoanimoua  consent^  and  by  the  ?^™'''' 
authority  as  abore,  we  do  by  tlie  tenor  of  these  presents  "iijllf  ^|" 
resolve,  ordain,  decree,  and  also  declare  our  aforesaid  ^^'„c- 
first'bom  son  Henry  to  be,  and  that  he  is  and  ought  to  """"'^ 
be,  our  true,  legitimate,  sure,  and  undoubted  heir  and 
universat  successor  to  the  crown,  aud  our  realms  of 
England  and  France,  and  all  our  dominions  beyond  the 
sea,  wheresoever  they  may  be,  with  all  their  rights  and 
appurtenances ;  and  that  the  right  of  succeeding  us  uni- 
versally in  the  said  crown,  realms,  and  dominions  does 
belong  and  pertain,  and  ought  to  belong  and  pertata,  to 
our  aforesaid  first-bom  son  Henry,  and  after  him  to 
his  heirs  of  bis  body  lawfully  to  be  begotten  succes- 
sively for  ever.  And  in  the  event  of  our  aforesaid  first- 
bora  son  Henry  departing  this  life  without  natural  and 
legitimate  heir  of  hb  body  lawfully  begotten,  we  do  re- 
solve, ordwn,  decree,  and  declare,  at  the  petition  and 
request  aforesaid,  and  by  and  with  the  consent,  will,  and 
authority  as  above,  that  the  universal  right  of  the  like 
succession  to  our  said  crown,  reahns,  and  dominions, 
with  all  their  rights  and  appurtenances,  shall  fully  and 
freely  pass  and  remain  to  Thomas  our  second  sou,  and 
i^T  him  to  his  heirs  who  shall  be  lawfully  bom  of  bis 
body  successively  for  ever.  And  if  it  happen  that  the 
aforesud  Hiomas  shall  close  his  life  without  natural  and 
legitimate  heir  of  his  body  lawfully  begotten,  the  like 
right  of  succession  to  the  crown,  realms,  and  dominions 
aforesud,  with  their  appurtenances,  without  any  contradic- 
tion whatever  shall  freely  devolve  upon  John  our  third 
eon,  and  his  heirs  of  his  body  lawfully  to  be  begotten : 


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148 

dictJODe  quacunque  libere  derolvatur.  Per  hoc  tamen  eta- 
tutum  sive  ordiaationem  quoad  ducatum  Lancaetriee  ejusque 
jura  poBsessiones  honores  et  coosuetudines  cum  euis  per- 
tinentiis  universis  ac  succeseionem  et  modum  euccedendi 
in  ducatu  prsedicto  sive  in  capite  vel  in  membria  nibil 
immutare  vel  innovare  iutendimus,  sed  in  omnibus  pr»< 
miseiB  et  aliis  quibuscunque  modia  et  fonnie  quibuB  ante 
faoc  statutum  ducatus  ipse  regi  administrart  et  gubemari 
Bolebat  antiqua  jura  statuta  et  consuetudines  ejusdem 
ducatUB  teneri,  exequi  et  illibate  obeerrati  in  poaterum 
volumus,  statuimus,  deceroimus  et  declaramus,  boc  nostro 
statuto  et  quocunque  alio  in  hoc  Parliamento  edito  non 
obstante.  In  cujus  rei  teetimonium  non  solum  sigillum 
nostrum  sed  etiam  omnium  dominorum  spiritualium^  et 
temporalium  preedictorum  pro  se  cicro  et  communitate 
preedictis  sigilla  praesentibua  sunt  appensa.  Et  nos 
Thomas  CantuarieiisiB  Arcbiepiscopus  totiua  Anglise 
priroas,  Nicholaus  Londinensis,  Henricus  WintonienBis, 
Johannes  Elieous,  Edmundus  Exonieosis,  Tliomaa  Du- 
nelmeosis^  Robertus  Cicestrensis,  Ricardus  Sarum,  Guido 
Menevensis,  Johannes  CoTeotreDsiB  et  Lichfeidensis,  Ri< 
cardus  Wigomiensis,  Henricus  BathooieuBia  et  Wellensis, 
Robertus  HerefordenBiB,  Pbilippus  Lincolniensis,  Thomas 
LandavetiBis,  et  Willielmua  Carliolensis,  EpiBCopi,  Gustos 
SpiritualitatiB  Archiepiacopatus  Eboracenas,  Cuatoe  Epi- 
scopatUB  NorwiceneiB,  et  Gustos  Epiacopatus  Roffensia, 
Abbas  Westmonasterii,  Abbas  de  Sancto  Albano,  AUias 
de  Wattbam,  Abbas  Salopie^  Abbas  de  Burgo  Sancti 
Petri,  Abbas  Beati  Jobannia  ColceBtri»,  Abbas  de 
Sancto  Edmundo  de  Bury,  Abbas  de  Abyndon,  Abbas 
Beats  Mtiriae  Eborum,  Abbas  de  Groyland,  Abbaa  de 
Bardeney,  Abbas  Sancti  Beoedicti  de  Hulmo,  Abbas  Glas- 
touise,  Abbas  de  Malmesbury,  Abbas  de  Redyn^  Abbas 


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And  if  it  shall  happen  that  the  said  John  ^e  without  such 
heir,  then  upon  Humphrey  our  fourtli  son,  and  bis  beira 
of  bis  body  lawfully  to  be  begotten.  NevertbelesB  by  f 
this  statute  or  ordinance,  so  far  as  regards  the  duchy  of  '■ 
Lancaster,  and  its  rights^  possessions,  honors,  and  ais- 
tonis,  with  all  their  appurtenances,  and  the  succession 
and  manner  of  succeeding  in  the  aforesud  duchy,  whether 
in  chief  or  in  its  members,  we  do  nothing  intend  to  change 
or  innoTate,  but  that  in  all  ^e  premises  and  in  all  other 
modes  and  forms  in  which  before  this  statute  the  same 
duchy  woB  wont  to  be  ruled,  administered,  and  governed, 
we  will,  resolve,  decree,  and  declare,  that  the  ancient 
rights,  statutes,  and  customs  of  the  same  duchy  shall 
he  held,  executed,  and  purely  observed  for  ever,  not- 
withstanding this  our  statute,  or  any  other  soever  passed 
in  this  Parliament  In  witness  whereof,  not  only  our  seal, 
but  also  the  seals  of  all  the  Lords  spiritual  and  temporal 
aforesaid,  for  tbemselvea,  the  clergy,  and  the  Commons 
aforesaid,  to  these  presents  are  set  And  we,  Thomas 
Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Primate  of  all  England,  Ni. 
cholas  Bishop  of  London,  Henry  Bishop  of  Winchester, 
John  Bishop  of  Ely,  Edmund  Bishop  of  Exeter,  Thomas 
Bishop  of  Durham,  Robert  Bishop  of  Chichester,  Richard 
Bishop  of  Salisbury,  Guy  Bishop  of  St  David's,  John 
Bishop  of  Coventry  and  Litchfield,  Richard  Bishop  of 
Worcester,  Henry  Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  Robert 
Bishop  of  Hereford,  Philip  Bishop  of  Lincoln,.  Thomas 
Bishop  of  Llandaff,  and  William  Bishop  of  Carlisle  the 
Keeper  of  the  Spirituality  of  the  Archbishopric  of  York, 
the  Keeper  of  the  Bishopric  of  Norwich,  and  the  Keeper 
of  the  Bishopric  of  Rochester,  the  Abbot  of  Westminster, 
the  Abbot  of  St  Alban's,  the  Abbot  of  Waltham,  the  Abbot 
of  Shrewsbury,  the  Abbot  of  Peterborough,  the  Abbot  of  St 


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149 

de  Selby,  Abbae  de  Thorney,  AbbaB  de  Bello,  Abbas  de 
CHrenceBtre,  Abbas  Beati  Petri  Gloucestrise,  Abbas  de 
Evesbam,  Abbas  de  Rameseye,  Abbas  de  Hida  juxta  Win- 
toniam,  Abbas  de  Wynchecombe,  et  Prior  de  Coventre, 
Edwardus  Dux  Eborum,  Jobannes  Somerseti»,  Edmundus 
Kantiffi,  Thomaa  Arundellite,  Ricardus  Warwici,  Edwardus 
DevonisB,  Micbael  Suffolciee,  Ricardus  Oxonise,  et  Ra- 
dulpbus  Westmerlandue,  Comites;  ac  Walterus  Prior 
Hoepitalis  Saocti  Johannis  Jerusalem  in  Anglia,  Wil. 
lielmus  Dominus  de  Rods,  Ricardus  Pomicus  de  Grey 
de  Codenore,  Henricus  Dominus  de  Beaumont,  Regi- 
naldus  Dominus  de  Grey  de  Ruthyn,  Willielmus  Domi- 
nus de  Ferrers,  Thomas  Dominus  de  Fumyvale,  Williel- 
mus Dominus  de  Wytughby,  Hugo  Dominus  de  Bumell, 
Willielmus  Dominus  de  Clynton,  Thomas  Dominus  de 
Mortey,  Jobannes  Dominus  de  Darcy,  Jobannes  DominuB 
de  Lovell,  BartfaolomEeus  Dominus  de  Burghcbier,  Gil- 
bertus  Dominus  de  Talbot,  Willielmus  Dominus  de  la 
Zoudie,  Thomas  Dominus  de  Camoye,  Ricardus  Domi- 
nus de  Seymour,  Henricus  Fitz-Hugh,  Heuricus  le  Scrop 
de  Masham,  Johannes  de  Welles,  Johannes  Cobbam, 
Petrus  de  Malolacu,  Jobannes  de  Latymer,  Edwardus 
de  Charleton  de  Powys,  Magister  Thomas  de  la  Warre, 
Thomas  de  Berkeley,  Radulphus  de  Crumwell,  Radul- 
phus  de  Greystok,  Willielmus  Beauchamp  de  Bergereny, 
Jobannes  Touchet,  Robertus  Ponynges,  Johannes  Haryng- 
ton,  et  Ricardus  I^estraunge ;  ac  Jobannes  Typtot,  Miles, 
PrselocutorCommunitatis  prfedictsein  Parliamento  prsesenti, 
meo  et  ipsius  Communitatis  nomine,  omnibus  sapradicUs 
nostrum  prsebentes  consensum  pariter  et  assensum  juramus 
ad  sancta  Dei  erangelia  per  nos  et  quemlibet  nostrum 
corporaliter  tacta  omnia  et  singula  preemissa  perpetuis 
temporibus   per  nos   et  nostros,   quantum   in   nobis   eat, 


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John's  at  CoIcheBter,  the  Abbot  of  Buiy  St  Edmund's,  the 
Abbot  of  Abingdon,  the  Abbot  of  St  Mary's  at  York,  the 
Abbot  of  Croiland,  the  Abbot  of  Bardney,  the  Abbot  of  St 
Bennet  de  Hulme,  tbe  Abbot  of  Glastonbury,  the  Abbot  of 
Malmsbury,  the  Abbot  of  Reading,  tbe  Abbot  of  Selby, 
the  Abbot  of  Thorney,  the  Abbot  of  Battle,  the  Abbot  of 
Cirencester,  the  Abbot  of  St.  Peter's  at  Gloucester,  the 
Abbot  of  Evesham,  the  Abbot  of  Ramsey,  the  Abbot  of 
Hide  near  Winchester,  the  Abbot  of  Wincbcombe,  and 
the  Prior  of  CoYentry,  Edward  Duke  of  York,  John  Duke 
of  Somerset,  Edmund  Earl  of  Kent,  Thomas  Earl  of 
Arundel,  Richard  Earl  of  Warwick,  Edward  Earl  of 
Devon,  Michael  Earl  of  Suffolk,  Richard  Earl  of  Oz. 
ford,  and  Ralph  Earl  of  Westmoreland,  and  Walter  Prior 
of  the  Hospital  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem  in  England,  WiU 
liam  Lord  de  Rooa,  Richard  Lord  de  Grey  of  Codenore, 
Henry  Lord  de  Beaumont,  Reginald  Lord  de  Grey  of 
Ruthyn,  William  Lord  de  Ferrers,  Thomas  Lord  de  Fur- 
nyvale,  William  Lord  de  Willoughby,  Hugh  Lord  de  Bup- 
nell,  William  Lord  de  Clynton,  Thomas  Lord  de  Morley, 
John  Lord  Darcy,  John  Lord  de  Loveil,  Bartholomew 
Lord  de  Bourgchier,  Gilbert  Lord  de  Talbot,  William 
Lord  de  la  Zoucbe,  Tliomas  Lord  de  Camoys,  Richard 
Lord  de  Seymour,  Henry  Fitz-Hugh,  Henry  le  Scrope 
of  Masham,  John  de  Wellea,  John  Cobham,  Peter  de 
Mauley,  John  le  Latymer,  Edward  de  Charleton  of 
Powyg,  Master  Thomas  de  la  Warre,  Thomas  de  Berkeley, 
Ralph  de  Crumwell,  Ralph  de  Greystok,  William  Beau- 
champ  of  Bergaveony,  John  Touchet,  Robert  Ponynges, 
John  HaryngtOD,  and  Richard  Lestraunge,  and  I  Sir 
John  Typtot,  Kuight,  Speaker  of  tbe  Commons  aforesaid 
in  the  present  Parliament,  in  my  own  name,  and  in  the 
name  of  the  same  Commons,  giving  our  consent    and 


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ISO 

inconcuaae  el  inviolabiliter  obaervare,  nee  quicquam  in 
coDtrariuoa,  re  ve)  veiba,  publice  vel  occulte,  directe 
vel  indirecte  facere  tcI  attemptare,  aeu  fieri  vel  at- 
temptaii  facere  vel  procurare  quoTiemodo.  Datce  in 
praesenti  Parliamento  noatro  infra  palatium  noatnim  West- 
monaaterii,  Ticeeimo  secuudo  die  Decembris,  anno  Domini 
millesimo  qiiadriDgeDteumo  sexto  et  regni  noetri  octavo. 


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160 

assent  to  all  the  matters  abovesaid,  do  Bwear  upon  the 
Holy  Gospels  of  God)  corporally  touched  by  ub  and 
each  of  us>  steadfastly  and  inviolably  to  observe  all  and 
every  the  premiees  by  us  and  ours,  as  far  as  in  ua  lies, 
in  all  times  to  come,  and  nothing  to  the  contrary  thereof, 
in  word  or  deed,  publicly  or  privily,  directly  or  indi- 
rectly, to  do  or  attempt,  or  procure  or  suffer  to  be  done 
or  attempted  in  any  wise.  Given  in  our  present  Parlia- 
ment within  our  palace  of  Westminster  on  the  twenty- 
second  day  of  December,  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one 
tbousand  four  hundred  and  six,  and  in  the  eighth  year 
of  our  reign. 


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RaIuIus  Pkriiunenti  tenli  npuil  Wcstniontslcrium  die  Luiue  proximo 
poBt  OctabBB  Suicti  Martini,  anno  rcpii  Regis  Hcnrici  Quimi  post  Con- 
queslum  secundo. 

De    UNIONE  JURIUH    ET   POSSES8IONUM    COMITATUS    HeBE- 
FORDENSIS  DUCATUI    LaNCASTRIJE    FACTA. 

Roi.  Pari.  ^TEM,  foit  assaroir  que  le  Roy,  de  sa  certeiDe 

jt3.n!».in  ^  science,  et  del  assent  des  Seigniours  espirituelx 

%  et  temporelx,  et  des  Communes,  asaemblez  en 
^  ceste  parlement,  par  pleine  auctorite  de  mesnrie 
le  parlement,  declarast,  grantast,  et  ordeignast,  entre  autres 
choaes,  que  toutz  les  honours,  cfaasteux,  bundredes,  com- 
motes, manoirs,  terree,  tenementz,  reversions,  annuitees, 
rentes,  services,  fees,  avoesona,  possessions,  et  seigniouries 
queconqes,  si  bien  deins  le  roialme  d'Engleterre,  come  es 
parties  de  Gales,  et  es  autres  lieux  dedeinz  les  seigniouries 
et  pouste  du  Roy,  queux  sont  desceoduz  ou  descenderont 
enheritablement  a  Roy  aprea  la  mort  Dame  Marie,  une 
des  Giles  et  beires  Humfrey  de  Bobun  nadgairs  Count  de 
Hereford,  Essex,etNorthampton,et  Constable  d'Engleterre^ 
come  a  fitz  et  beir  mesme  cele  Dame  Maiie,  ovesque  toutz 
les  droitures,  libertees,  francbiees,  et  fraucs  custumes  a 
mesme  cele  enheritance  appurtenant z  ou  regardantz, 
soient  severez  de  la  corone  d'Engleterre,  et  adjointz  an- 
nectez  uniz  et  encorporetz  au  ducbee  le  dit  Roy  de 
Lancaetre,  a  mesme  le  Roy  et  a  ses  beira,  come  a 
mesme  le  duchee  issiot  adjointz  annectez  uniz  et  en- 
corporetz, perpetuelment  a  demurrerz;  et  que  tres  toutz 
les    honours,  chasteux,   hundredes,    commotes,    manoirs, 


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Roll  of  the  pBrlianient  holdcn  at  Westminster  on  the  Monday  next 
nfter  the  Octavee  of  S»int  Martin,  in  the  secoinl  ycm  of  the  reign  of  King 
Henry  tlie  Fifth  after  the  Conquest. 

Of  a.  union  of  the  bights  and  possessions  of  thb 

EARLDOM     OF     HekEFORD    WITH    THE    DUCHY     OF    LAN- 
CASTER. 

LSO}  be  it  known  tbftt  the  King,  of  fais  certain   inhNar. 
knowledge,  and  with  the  assent  of  the  Lords  A.o'iiii. 
spiritual  and  temporal,  and  of  the  Commons, 
in  this  parliament  assembled,  by  full  authority 
of  the  same  parliament,  has  declared,  granted,  and  ordained,   Tm  henuce 
amongst  other  things,  that  all  the  hoDors,  castles,  bun-  donor 
dreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  reversions,  an-  '^'7,**' 
naities,  rents,  serTices,  fees,  advowsons,  possessions,  and  lord-   ^'^Ij^: 
ships  whatsoever,  as  well  within  the  realm  of  England  as  Thi'dll^or 
in  the  ports  of  Wales,  and  in  other  places  within  the  King's 
power  and  dominions,  which  since  the  death  of  the  Lady 
Mary,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Humphrey  de 
Bobun,  formerly  Earl  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northamp- 
ton, and  Constable  of  England,  have  descended,  or  shall 
descend  by  inheritance  to  the  King,  as  son  and  heir  of 
the  same  Lady  Mary,  with  all  the  rights,  liberties,  fran- 
chises, and  free  customs  to  such  heritage  belonging  or 
apperttuning,  shall   be   severed  from  the  crown   of  Eng- 
land, and  be  adjoined,  annexed,  united  and  incorporated 
to  and   with   the  said    King's  duchy  of  Lancaster,   to 
remiun  to  the  same  King  and  to  his  heirs  so  adjoined, 
annexed,  united,  and  incorporated  to  and  with  the  same 


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terres,  tenementz,  et  reversions  suisditz,  et  les  autrea 
choses  queconques  a  la  dite  eDheritance  regardantz,  et 
le8  homines  et  teoantz  a  ycelle  appurtenantz,  soient 
auxi  eDtierment  enfraDcbiBez,  et  par  autielx  officers  tretez, 
gardez,  et  goveroez  en  toutz  points,  come  les  poBsessions 
a  le  dit  duchee  appurtenantz  et  les  hommea  et  tenantz  a 
mesme  le  duchee  regardantz  sont  enirancbisez,  tretez, 
gardez,  et  govemez  pur  toutz  jours;  et  ceo  soIoqc  la 
fourme,  force,  et  effect  de  les  paroles  coutenuz  en  une 
cedule  mya  en  ceste  parlement,  et  par  le  Roy,  del  assent 
des  Seignioura  avauntditz  et  par  I'auctorite  suis  dite,  oves- 
que  toutz  clauaes  en  ycelle  contenuz,  plelnement  affermez, 
dount  le  tenure  cy  ensuit : 

HENRICUS  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliie  et  Franciie  et 
Dominus  Hibemice  omnibus  ad  quoB  prsesentes  liter» 
pervenerint  aalutetn.  Sciatis  quod  cum  ducatus  Lancas- 
trise,  ac  quamplura  alia  comitatus,  bonorea,  castra,  ma- 
neria,  (eoda,  pOBsessionea  et  dominia,  infra  reguum  nos- 
trum Anglise  et  partes  Walliae,  ac  alibi,  carissimo  domino 
et  patri  nostro  domino  Henrico  nuper  Regi  Anglise  de- 
functo  tarn  per  mortem  Celebris  memorise  Henrid  nuper 
Duds  LancastrisB  proavi  nostrt,  ac  carissimi  domini  et 
avi  noatri  Johannis  nuper  Duds  Lancastriee,  necnon  ca- 
rissimsB  dominie  et  avi^  nostrse  dominee  Blancbiae  nuper 
uxoria  ejus,  filise  et  baeredia  preedicti  proavi  nostri,  jure 
haereditario,  autequam  ad  statum  et  dignitatem  regalem 
rerum  Dominus  omnium  sua  ineffabili  dementia  ipeum 
patrem  nostrum  nuperrime  evocavit,  descenderint  et  ac> 
ciderint,  in  quibus  quidem  ducatu,  comitatibus,  bono* 
ribus,  castiia,  maneriia,  posaessionibus  et  dominiis,  diveraa 
libertates,  jura  regalia,  conauetudines  et  franchesise,  dictis 
progenitoribus  et  anteceseoribus  nogtrie,  quaedam,  vide- 
licet, eis  et  beeredibus  de  corporibiis   suis  exeuntibua,  et 


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152 

duchy  for  ever;    and  that  all   the  honors,  castles,   hun-  tikiuiii>, 
dreds,   commotes,   manors,   lands,   tenements,   and  rever-  lonnti 

.  ,  ,        ,  1  ■  ■  .1    thH»of,  tbiU 

B10D8  abovesaid,  and  vhateoever  other  things  to  the  8aio  twundu 
heritage   helonging,   and   the    men    and   tenants   to    the  ^"u^™' 
same  appurtenant,  shall  be  as  entirely  free,  and   by  the  <'"'™- 
same  officers  treated,  kept,  and  governed  in  all  respecte^ 
as    the  possessions   appurtenant   to   the  said  duchy,  and 
the   men  and  tenants  belonging  to  the  same  duchy,  are 
free,  and  are  treated,  kept,  and  governed,  for  ever ;— and 
thifi  according  to  the  form,  force,  and  effect  of  the  words 
contained  in  a  schedule  in  this  parliament  exhibited,  and 
by  the  King,  with  the  assent  of  the  Lords  aforesud  and  by 
the  authority  abovesaid,  fully  confirmed,  with  all  the  clauses 
therein  contfuned,  the  tenor  whereof  hereafter  followeth : 

HENRY,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  Engluid  and  iMbNor. 
France  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present  a.i>.*I4I4. 
letters  shall  come,  greeting.     Know  ye,  that  whereas  the  Hcduitiut 
duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  very  many  other  counties,  honors,  Hnirr  ib* 
castles,  manors,  fees,  poBsessions,  and  lordships,  within  our  iniduebrot 
realm  of  England  and  the  parts  of  Wales  and  elsewhere,  "^'','^ 
before  the  Lord  of  all  things  so  lately  in  his  unspeakable  1^^^  )^ 
mercy   called  our  most  dear  lord   and   father,   the   lord  ter">'hbi"' 
Henry  late  King  of  England,  deceased,  to  the  regal  estate  LbT^wpi 
and  dignity,  did  descend  and  come  unto  our  same  father  by 
hereditary  right,  by  the  death  as  well  of  Henry  of  famous 
memory,  late  Duke  of  l-ancaster,  our  great-grandfather,  as 
of  our  moat  dear  lord  and  grandfather  John  late  Duke  of  - 
Lancaster,  and  also  of  our  most  dear  lady  and  grandmother 
the  lady  Blanche,  Ute  his  wife,  daughter  and  heiress  of  our 
aforesaid  great-grandbther ;  in  which  said  duchy,  counties,  „4  om 
honors,  castles,  manors,  possessions,  and  lordships,  divers  ituum'^u^ 
liberties,  jura  regalia,  customs,  and  franchises  were  and  3n  puiud 
bad  been  granted  to  our  sud  progenitors  and  ancestors, —  *"*"^  °>«* 


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159 

qiuedam  sibi  et  hteredibiu  masculis  de  corporibus  auis 
exeunUbuB,  ac  qufedam  pnefato  domino  et  avo  nostro 
ad  termiDum  vitse  suae,  per  diTersas  cartac^  tam  domini 
Edwardi  nuper  Regis  Anglin  proavi  nostri,  quam  do- 
mini Ricardi  nuper  Regie  Anglis  aecundi  post  conquea- 
tum,  fuerant  concessa.  Prsefatueque  pater  noater  nolens 
dictam  hsereditatem  euam,  ant  libertates  ejuadem,  occa- 
sione  aasumptionia  regalis  statue  et  dignitatis  sua;  in 
aliquo  mutari,  transferri,  diminui,  aeu  derogari,  sed  ean- 
dem  bsereditatem  snam  in  juribus  et  libertatibus  guis  prsB. 
dictia,  eisdem  modo,  forma,  conditione,  et  statu  quibus 
sibi  descenderaot  et  evenerant,  ac  etJam  cum  omnibus  et 
singulis  talibus  libertatibus  et  francbesiis,  ac  aliis  privi- 
legiia,  commoditatibus,  et  proficuis  quibuscunque,  quibua 
praedictus  dominus  et  avus  noster,  dum  vixit,  earn,  ad  ter- 
mlnnm  vitee  suse,  ex  concessione  prsedicti  Ricardi  nuper 
Re^B,  habuit  et  tenuit,  eidem  patri  nostro,  et  dictis  haere- 
dibus  suis  in  cartis  prsedictis  specificatis,  plenarie  et  in- 
tegre  conservari,  continuari,  et  halwri, — Toluerit,  ac  per 
cartam  suam,  ex  certa  scientia  sua,  de  assensu  parliamenti 
Bui  anno  regni  sui  primo  tend,  conceseerit,  declaraverit,  de- 
creverit,  et  ordinaverit  pro  se  et  beeredibus  sius,  quod  tam 
ducatus  suuB  Lftocastriee,  quam  universa  et  singula  alia 
comitatUB,  hoDores,  castra,  maneria,  feoda,  adrocationes, 
possessionee,  annuitates  et  dominia  quascuDquei  sibi,  ante 
adeptionem  dignitatis  suie  regiae,  qualitercunque  et  ubi- 
cunque,  jure  bsreditario,  in  dominico  servitio  vel  in  re- 
verdone,  sen  alias  qualitercunque  discensa,  eidem  patri 
nostro,  et  dictis  beeredibus  euis  in  cartis  prcedictis  spe- 
cificatis, in  forma  prsedicta  remaneant  in  perpetuum,  et 
quod  taliter  et  tali  modo,  et  per  tales  offidarios  et  mi- 
nistroB  in  omnibus  deducantur,  gubernentur,  et  pertrac- 
tentur,  sicut  remanere,  deduci,   gubernari,  et  pertractaii 


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to  wit,  Bome  to  them  and  the  heirs  of  their  bodies  issuiDg, 
and  acme   to  them   and   the  heirs  male   of  their  bodies 
iseuiug,  and  some  to  our  aforesaid  lord  and   grandfather 
for  the  term  of  his  life, — by  divers  charters  as  well   of 
the  lord  Edward  late  King  of  Enghmd,  our  great-grand^ 
father,  as  of  the  lord  Richard  late  King  of  England  the 
second  ^ler  the  conquest     And  our  aforesaid  father,  not  Tbn  the 
willing   that  his   said  heritage,   or  the   liberties   thereof  bdrwnn-' 
should  be  in  aught  changed,  transferred,  lessened,  or  de-  ^^^j^jjf 
rogated  from,  on  account  of  his  assumption  of  the  royal  '^^11^'^^ 
estate   and   dignity,    but  diat  his   same   heritage  in  its  Iiod*^'^^ 
rights  and  liberties  aforesud,  in  the  same  manner,  state,  "**       ^^' 
form,  and  condition  in  which  it  descended  and  came  to 
him,  and  also  with  all  and   singular   such   liberties   and 
franchises,  and  other  privileges,   Bdvantages,   and  profits 
whatsoever,  with  which  oar  aforesaid  lord  and  grandfather, 
whilst  be  lived,  had  and  held  the  same,  for  the  term  of  bis 
life,  by  grant  from  the  aforesaid  late  King  Richard,  should 
be  to  our  same  father  and  his  said  heirs  in  the  said  char^ 
ters  specified  fully  and  entirely  kept,  continued,  and  had, 
—willed,  and  by  his  charter,  of  bis  certain  knowledge  with  tua  nttini 
the  assent  of  bis  parliament  holden  in  the  first  year  of  his  or™  himKir 
reign,  did  grant,  declare,  decree,  and  ordain,  for  himself  and  ^^^*" 
his  heirs,  that  as  well  his  duchy  of  Lancaster  as  all  and  u^™^", 
singular  the  other  counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,  ^£^^^„1° 
advowsons,  possessions,  annuities,  and  lordships  whatever, 
to  him  howsoever  and  wheresoever  descended  before  his 
adoption  of  the  royal  dignity,  by  hereditary  right,  in  de* 
mesne,  in  service,  or  in  reversion,  or  otherwise  howsoever, 
should  for  ever  remain  to  our  same  fether,  and  his  said  heirs 
in  the  charters  aforesaid  specified,  in  form  aforesaid;  and 
that  they  so  and  in  such  wise,  and  by  such  officers  and 
ministers,  in  all  tfiings  be  managed,  governed,  and  treated. 


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deberent,  si  predictua  pater  noster  ad  culmen  dignitatis 
re^ie  assumptu»  tninime  faisset;  ac  insuper,  quod  talia 
et  hujuamodi  libertates,  jura  regalia,  cooBuetudineB  et 
franchesiae,  in  ducatu,  comitatibus,  honoribus,  castrie,  ma- 
oeriis,  feodiB,  ac  cteteria  possesmoiiibua  et  dominiis  prae- 
dictis,  ia  omnibus  et  per  omnia  in  perpetuum  habean- 
tur,  eserceantur,  continuentur,  fiant,  et  utantur,  et  per 
tales  officiarioB  et  mioietros  gubernentur  et  ezequantur, 
quae  et  qualia  et  per  qualee  officiarioB  et  ministros,  tarn 
tempore  died  domini  et  an  nostri,  quam  temporibus 
aliorum  progenitorum  et  anteceBSonim  suonim,  in  eisdem 
ducatu,  comitatibus,  honoribuB,  castriB,  maneriis,  feodia, 
ac  aliis  poBseBBionibus  et  dominiis  preedictis,  uti  et  haberi, 
ac  regi  et  gubernari  coOBuererunl^  virtute  cartarum  inde 
confectarum :  Volens  ulteriuB  et  concedens  prsehtus  pater 
neater,  ac  pro  se  et  bseredibus  suis,  ex  certa  scientia  sua 
et  assensu  prsedictiB,  plenarie  declarans,  quod  uniTersi  et 
unguli  tenentcB  sui  de  ducatu,  comitatibus,  honoribus, 
castris,  maoenie^  feodis,  ac  aliis  possessionibus  et  domi- 
niii  preedictis,  et  baeredeB  sui,  adeo  liberi  sint  et  in  om- 
nibus talis  ac  adeo  liberie  et  illseBse  conditionis,  tarn  in 
ingressibus  suis  in  heereditateB  BUas  post  mortem  ante- 
cessorum  euorum,  quam  in  tenuris  suis,  ac  alias  quali- 
tercunque,  sicut  esse  potuissent  et  debuissent,  de  con- 
Buetudine  vel  de  jure,  ei  dicta  dignitas  regia  dicto  patri 
nostro  nusquam  accidieset,  dicta  assumptione  sua  digni- 
tatis regiee,  aut  eo  quod  ducatus,  comitatus,  honores, 
castra,  maneria,  feoda,  adrocationes,  possesBiones,  domi- 
nia  et  libertates  prsedicta  in  manu  ipuuB  patris  nostri 
adtuDc  extiterunt,  seu  aliqua  interruptione,  cessation^ 
vel  discontittuatione  libertatum  prsedictarum,  seu  aliqui- 
bus  aliis  occasionibus,  causis,  coloribus,  vel  impedimentis 
quibuacunque,  qiue  idem  pater  noster  incontrarium  prse- 


.y  Google 


as  they  would  have  remained,  been  managed,  governed,  and 
treated  if  our  aforesaid  father  had  never  aasumed  the  en- 
sign of  royal  dignity ;  and  moreoTec,  that  such  and  the  like  wiih  iba 
liberties,  ^'etrare^oZia,  customs,  and  fraochises,  in  tiie  duchy,  itmwiVro 
counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,  and  other  posses-  ",7i^" 
sions  and  lordships  aforesaid,  in  all  and  throughout  all,  "'o,hj^°^. 
be  had,  eicrcised,  continued,  done,  and  used  for  ever,  and  *^,^,^ho^ 
they  by  such  officers  and  ministers  be  governed  and  exe-  gnTiracd  t^ 
cuted,  as  and  which  were  wont  to  be  had  and  used  in  <>(<<«»*• 
the  same  duchy,  counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,   fe^ 
and  other  posaessioDS  and  lordships  aforesaid,  and  by  whom 
they  «ere  wont  to  be  ruled  and  governed,  as  well  in  the 
time  of  our  said  lord  and  grandfather,  as  in  the  times  of 
other  his  progenitors  and  ancestors,  by  virtue  of  the  char- 
ters thereof  made:  Our  aforesaid  fatiier  willing,  further-  outtusie- 
more,  and  granting,  and  for  himself  and  his  heirs,  of  his  f°}r'"° 
certain  knowledge  and  with  the  assent  aforesaid,  fully  d&>  '^'^^' 
claring,  that  all  and  singular  his  tenants  of  the  duchy,  coun-  ^^J^ 
ties,  honors,  casties,  manors,  fees,  and  other  possessions  and 
lordships  aforesaid,  and  their  heirs,  might  be  as  free,  and  in 
all  respects  of  such  and  of  as  unimpiured  and  free  condition, 
as  well  in  their  entries  upon  their  inheritances  after  the 
death  of  their  ancestors  as  in  their  tenures,  and  otherwise 
howsoever,  as  they  would  and  ought  to  have  been  by  cus- 
tom  or  of  right  if  the  stud  royal  dignity  had  never  fallen 
to  our  said  fatiier,   notwithstanding  his  said   assumption 
of  the  royal  dignity,  or  notwithstanding  that  the  duchy, 
counties,  honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,  advowsona,  posses' 
sions,  lordships,  and  liberties  aforesiud  at  that  time  were 
in  the  hands  of  our  same  father,  or  any  interruption,  ce»- 
sation,  or  discontinuance  of  the  liberties  aforesaid,  or  any 
other    lets,  causes,    colors,   or    impediments   whatsoever 
(which  our  same  father  willed  not  to  have    any  force 


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155 

dictarum  voluntatis,  coDcessioDis,  et  declaratiools  suarum 
vigorem  seu  effectual  aliquem  habere  nolutt,  inaliquooon 
obatantibuB.  Proviso  semper  quod  teoentes  ipeius  patris 
Qostri  lalra  comltatum  palatinum  Lancastrise  hsereditateB 
BUSS  in  manum  prsedicd  patris  nostri,  et  dictorum  beeredum 
suorum  In  dictis  cartU  specificatorum,  poBt  mortfitn  ante- 
cessorum  suorumi  seu  alio  mode  Beisiendas  et  capiendas, 
extra  eandem  manum  prsfati  patris  nostri,  et  dictorum 
hsredum  suorum  iu  cartis  prffidictis  apecificatorum,  per 
liberationem  in  cancellaria  regalitads  ibidem  babendam, 
prosequantur,  ut  est  moris  et  fuerit  faciendum  raljone 
regalltatis  supradictee;  et  quod  prcerogativa  Bua  quoad 
maritagia  et  proficua  maritagiorum  heeredum  aliorum  te- 
nentium  suorum,  extra  dictum  comitatum  palatinum,  sei- 
sienda  et  babenda,  locum  babeat  et  vigorem.  Preedic- 
tusque  pater  noster  voluerit  insuper  et  concesserit,  pro  se  et 
heeredibuB  aiua,  ex  certa  scientia  sua  et  aasensu  prsdicde, 
quod  universa  et  singula  beneficia  ecclesiastica  ad  hsere- 
ditatem  suam  preedictam  spectantia,  per  se  et  dictos  bee- 
redes  suoB  in  dictis  cartis  specificatos,  conduue  futuris 
temporibus  conferantur :  Ita  quod  cancellarius  vel  tbesau- 
rariuB  AngliEe  pro  tempore  existentes,  seu  quivis  alius 
officiariuB  regius,  de  collatiooe  vel  prseseatatione,  seu 
etiam  de  visitatione  beoeficiorum  hujusmodi,  ratione  offi- 
cionim  suorum  se  nullatenus  Intromittant  in  futura  Et 
ulterius  idem  pater  uoster  voluent  et  coDceaaerit  pro  se 
et  heeredibus  suia,  ex  certa  scientia  bus  et  de  aasenau  prse- 
dictia,  quod  omnea  et  Binguli  receptores,  feodarii,  finnarii, 
ballivi,  prsepoaiti,  offioarii,  ac  quicunque  alii  Bervient«8  et 
miniatri  preefati  patris  nostri,  et  dictorum  hsBredum  suorum 
in  dicda  cartis  Bpecificatorum,  prsedictorum  ducatus,  comt- 
tatuum,  bonorum,  castrorum,  maneriorum,  feodorum,  pos- 
sessioDum,  dominiorum  et  libertatum,  de  omuibus  et  siu- 


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or  effect  to  the  contrary  of  bis  aforesfud  will,  grant,  and 
declaratioii,)   Id  aaywiae  notwithstanding.      Provided  al-  proiiMfu 
ways,   that  the   tenants   of  our   same   father   within   the  oriii.™nty 
county  palatine  of    Lancaster    might    sue  their  inherit-  i!ueutaT, 
ances  (to  be  taken  and  seized  into  the  hands  of  our 
afbresud  father  and  bis  B«d  heirs  in  the  said  charters 
spedfied  after  the  death  of  their  ancestors  or  in  other 
manner)  out  of  the  same  hands  of  our  aforesaid  father, 
and  bis  scud  beirs  in  the  aforesaid  charters  specified,  by 
livery  to  he  had  in  the  chancery  of  the  regality  there, 
as  was  the  custom,  and  would  have  been  done  by  reason 
of  the  abovesaid  regahty;   and  that  his  prerogative  in  udncth. 
respect  of  seizing   and    having    the   marriages   and   the  ^""""'^ 
profits  of  the  marriages  of  the  heirs  of  other  hia  tenants  |^J^|^'' 
out  of  the  B«d  county  palatine  should  have  effect  and  vigor. 
And  our  aforesaid   father  moreover  willed   and   granted.  And  chit  «u 
for   himself  and    his  heirs,  of  his  certain  knowledge  and  rnuonror 

^  EDglvid 

with   the   assent  aforesaid,   that   all   and   singular  eccle-  fJ^^Ji^,, 
siastical    benefices   belonging   to    his    heritage    aforesaid  |n/,^|;i, 
should  in  time  to  come  he  conferred  uninterruptedly  by  *"""™'- 
him  and  his  said  heirs  in  the  said  charters  specified :  so 
that  in   future   the   chancellor   or   treasurer   of  England 
for  the  time  being,  or  any  other  royal  officer,  should  in 
nowise  intermeddle  in   the  collation  or  presentation,   or 
even  in  the  visitation,  of  the  like  benefices  by  reason  of 
their  offices.    And  furthermore  our  same  bther  willed  au  nahm 
and   granted,   for  himself  and   his  heirs,   of  his   certain  "«iiiw* 
knowledge  and  with  the  assent  aforesaid,  that  all  and  ^<*'"- 
singuUr    receivers,    feodaries,    fanners,    bailifis,    reeves,  ^'",'^* 
officers,  and  other  the  servants  and  ministers  whosoever  '''*^""' 
of  our  aforesiud  father  and  of  his  said  heirs  in  the  said 
charters  specified,  of  the  aforesaid  duchy,  counties,  honors, 
castles,  manors,  fees,  possessions^  lordships,  and  liberties, 


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gulis  denariia,  finnie,  redditibus,  exiUbua,  rerentionibus, 
et  proBcuis  quibiiBcunque  de  eisdem  ducatu,  cotnitatibus, 
honoribus,  castris,  maneriis,  feodis,  posaessioDibm,  domi- 
niis  et  libertatibus,  qualitercuoque  proveDientibuSi  coram 
certis  speciaiibus  auditoribus,  offidariis  et  minUtTis,  per 
ipsum  patrem  Dostrum,  et  dictoa  hseredes  suoa  in  cartiB 
pnedictis  specificates,  de  tempore  in  tempus  ad  hoc  limi- 
tandis  et  assignaDdiB,  dimtaxat,  et  non  coram  tfaeeaurario 
et  baronibus  de  acaccario  regio,  computent  et  respoodeant 
contioue  inhiturum :  Ita  quod  tbesauraiiuB  et  barones  de 
Bcaccario  praedicto,  de  aliquibus  hujusmodi  denariis,  firmis, 
redditibus,  exitibus,  reveotionibua  aut  proficuis,  aeu  de 
aliquibus  compotJs  vel  ratiocUiiis  inde  audiendis,  habendis» 
reddendis,  vel  termiuandis  iufutunim,  se  non  intromittant 
uUo  raodo.  Ac  cum  prsefatus  proavus  noster  per  csrtant 
Buam  nuper  conceBserit,  pro  se  et  heeredibuB  suis,  prse- 
dictis  avo  et  aviae  nostris  quod  ipsi  et  faeeredes  sui  de  cor- 
poribus  suis  procreati  et  omues  faomines  sui  de  terns  et 
feodia  quse  fuerunt  Henrici  quondam  Comitis  Lancastriffl 
patris  preefatj  Henna  nuper  Ducis,  proavi  nostri,  Beptimo 
die  Mui  anno  regni  dicti  domini  Edwardi  proavi  nostri 
sexto  decimo,  in  perpetuum  sint  quieti  de  pavagio,  pas- 
eagio,  paagio,  laatagio,  stallagio,  tallagio,  cariagio,  pesa- 
^0,  piccagio,  et  terragio  per  totum  regoum  et  potestatem 
ipsius  domini  Edwardi,  proavi  nostri.  Postmodumque 
pnefatus  Ricardus  nuper  Rex  per  cartam  suam  conces- 
aerit  prsedioto  avo  nostro  quod  ipse  ad  totam  vitam 
suam  baberet  omues  fines  pro  transgressione  et  aliis  ma- 
le&ctia  quibuscuoque ;  ac  etiam  fines  pro  licentia  con- 
cordandi,  et  omnimodoB  alios  fines,  redemptiones,  et  amer- 
ciamenta  ex  quacunque  causa  et  per  quamcunque  causam 
provenientia,  necnon  exitus  foriafactos  de  omnibus  homi- 
uibuB  et  tenentibuB  de  et  in  teiris  et  feodis  priedicti  avi 


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for  all  and  singular  Bums  of  money,  farms,  rents,  issues, 
rereuues,  and  profits  whatever  in  any  manner  proceeding 
from  the   same  duchy,  counties,  honors,  castles,  manors, 
fees,   possessions,   lordships,   and   liberties,   should   with- 
out interruption  account  and  answer  in  future  before  cer- 
tain special  auditors,  officers,  and  ministers  from  time  -to 
time   to  be  hereunto  limited  and  assigned  only  by   our 
same  fiither  and  bis  sud  heirs  in  the  charters  aforesaid 
spedfied,  and  not  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the 
royal  exchequer.     So  that  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the 
exchequer  aforesaid  should  not  in  any  wise  intermeddle 
in  future  in   any  the  like  monies,   farms,   rents,   issues, 
revenues,  or  profits,  or  in  the  auditing,  having,  rendering, 
or  determining  any  the  accounts  or  reckonings  thereof 
And  whereas  our  aforesaid   great-grandfather  did   lately  Rwitiiat 
grant  by  his  charter,  for  himself  and  his  heirs,  unto  our  ^  v^ 
aforesud  grandfather  and    grandmother,  that  they  and  ^l^l^*^ 
their  heirs  of  their  bodies  begotten,  and  all  their  men 
of  the  lands   and  fees   which   were   of  Heniy,   formerly 
Earl  of  Lancaster,   father    of  the   aforesaid    late    Duke 
Henry  our  great-grandfather,  on  the  seventh  day  of  May, 
in   the   sixteenth    year  of  the   reign   of  the    sud    Lord 
Edward   our   great-grand&tber,   might  he  for  ever  quit 
of  paviage,  passage,  payage,  lastage,    stallage,    tallage, 
carriage,   pesage,    picage,    and  groundage   throughout  all 
the  realm  and  dominion  of  the   same   Lord   Edward  our 
great-grandbther.      And    afterwards    the    aforesaid    late  ud  of  xtnc 
King  Richard  by  his   charter  did  grant  unto  our  afore-  gaoi.  for 
said  grandfather  that  be  for  the  whole  of  hie  life  might  "f^?!^ 
have  all  fines  for  trespass  and  other  misdeeds  whatsoever,  J!f^™  *^" 
and  also  fines  for  licence  to  agree,  and  all  manner  of  other  JJ^'.'"*""* 
fines,  ransoms,  and  amercements,  from  whatever  cause  and  m^^ 
through   whatever    cause    proceeding,   and   also   forfeited  Mttdiwin. 


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1S7 

noBtri  et  de  omoibus  infra  eadem  terraa  et  feoda  reeiden- 
tibus,  quaoquam  iidem  homines,  tenentes,  seu  resideotes, 
ministii  ipuus  nuper  Regis  Ricardi  tgI  bseradum  saorum 
ezisterenb  Et  qood  idem  avus  noster  ad  totam  vitam 
Buam  haberet  quascunque  forisfacturas  annum  diem  Tastum 
et  estreppamentum,  et  quicqmd  ad  ipeum  nuper  Regem 
Ricardum  vel  bseredes  Buos  perUnere  poaaet  de  anno  die 
vasto  et  estreppamento,  fbriB&cturia  et  murdris,  infra  terras 
et  feoda  prcedicta,  in  quibuscunque  curiis  suis  et  beeredum 
suorum  sive  in  quacunque  curia  alterius  contingeret  quod 
prsedicti  homines,  tenentes,  eeu  residenteB  facerent  fines 
vel  essent  amerciati,  vel  exitua  foriafacerent,  seu  quod 
prfedicta  annus  dies  vastum  et  estreppamentum,  foriafac- 
tura  vel  murdrum,  adjudicata  essent,  tarn  in  pnesentta 
ipsius  nuper  Regis  Ricardi  et  baeredum  euonim,  quam 
in  absentia  sua  et  beeredum  suorum,  et  tam  coram  ipso 
et  faeeredibus  suis,  et  in  cancellaria  sua  et  hseredum 
suorum,  ac  coram  tbesaurario  et  baronibus  de  scaccario 
suo  et  baeredum  auorum,  et  coram  justitiariis  suis  et  hse- 
redum  suorum  de  communi  banco,  necnon  coram  senes- 
callo  et  marescallis  aeu  coronatore  hospitii  sui  et  hs- 
redum  suorum  vel  clerico  mercati,  qui  pro  tempore  es- 
aent,  et  in  aliia  curiia  suis  et  baeredum  suorum,  quam 
coram  justitiariis  suis  itinerantibua  ad  communia  plactta 
et  ad  placita  forestee,  justitiariis  ad  assisas  capiendas  et 
gaolas  deliberandaa,  ac  coram  quibuscunque  aliis  justi- 
tiariis et  miniatris  aula  et  heeredum  suorum,  tam  in  prce- 
sentia  aua  et  bseredum  suorum,  quam  in  absentia  sua  et 
baeredum  stiorum,  adeo  plene  et  integre  sicut  idem  nuper 
Rex  Ricardus  ea  haberet  si  ilia  praefato  avo  nostro  non 
coDcessiaset  Ita  quod  praedictus  avus  neater  per  manus 
ballivorum  et  aliorum  ministrorum  suorum  levare,  perci- 
pere,  et  habere  posset,  fines,  redemptiones,  et  amercia- 


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157 

issues  in  respect  of  all  the  men  and  tenants  (^  and  in 
the  lands  and  fees  of  our  aforesud  grandfather,  and  in 
respect  of  all  reuanta  within  the  same  lands  and  fees, 
albeit  the  same  men,  tenants,  or  resiante  were  ministen 
of  the  same  late  King  Richard  or  his  heirs.  And  that  PotAimm, 
our  same  grandfather,  for  the  whole  of  his  life,  might  udiiuu, 
have  all  manner  of  forfeitures,  year,  day,  waste,  and  es- 
trepement,  and  whatever  to  the  same  late  King  Ridiard 
or  his  heirs  could  pertain  of  year,  day,  waste,  and  estrep^ 
ment,  forfeitures  and  murders,  within  the  lands  and  fees 
aforesaid,  in  what  courts  soever  of  him  and  his  heirs,  or  imniHd  «i 
ID  whatever  court  of  any  other  it  might  happen  that  the  «t  ««"> 
aforesaid  men,  tenants,  or  resiants  should  make  fines  or  be 
amerced  or  forfeit  issues,  or  that  the  aforesaid  year,  day, 
waste,  and  estrepement,  forfeiture  or  murder  were  ad- 
judged— as  well  in  presence  of  the  same  late  King  Richard 
and  his  heirs  as  in  absence  of  him  and  his  heirs,  and  as 
well  before  him  and  his  heirs,  and  in  the  chancery  of  him 
and  his  heirs,  and  before  the  treasurer  and  barons  of  the 
exchequer  of  him  and  his  heirs,  and  before  the  justices 
of  the  common  bench  of  him  and  his  heirs,  and  also  before 
the  steward  and  marshals  or  the  coroner  of  the  household 
of  him  and  bis  heirs,  or  the  clerk  of  the  market  for  the 
time  being,  and  in  other  the  courts  of  him  and  bis  heirs, 
as  before  bis  justices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas  and 
pleas  of  the  forest,  his  justices  assigned  to  take  the  assizes 
and  to  deliver  his  gaols,  and  before  all  other  justices  and 
ministers  of  him  and  his  heirs  whomsoever,  as  well  in 
presence  of  him  and  hia  heirs  as  in  absence  of  him  and 
his  heirs, — as  fully  and  entirely  as  the  same  late  King  ufanru 
Richard  would  have  bad  tliem  if  he  had  not  granted  them  '  "'' 
to  our  aforesaid  grandfather.  So  that  our  aforesud  grand- 
bther  by  the  bands  of  his  boiliflb  and  other  ministers  might 


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menta  ipsorum  faominum  tenentjum  et  residentium  de  et 
in  terrie  et  feodie  prfedictis,  exitus  forisfactoa,  et  quicquid 
ad  ipsum  nuper  Regem  Ricardum  vel  baeredes  buos  per- 
tinere  poseet  de  anno  die  rasto,  estreppameDto,  forisfacturis 
et  murdris,  de  et  in  terns  et  feodis  prsedictia,  qu^  coram 
dictia  justitiariia  itinerantibus  ad  commuDia  placita  et  ad 
placita  forest£e,  ac  coram  pnedictia  seneecallo  et  mares- 
callia  coronatore  vel  clerico  mercati,  fieri  seu  adjudicari 
contingeret,  per  extractaa  eorundem  justitiariorum  itine- 
randum  in  itinertbus  suis,  ac  prsedictorum  aeaescalli  ma- 
reBcallorum  coronatorig  et  clerici  in  sessionibue  eiUB,  bal- 
livis  et  ministris  preedicti  avi  nostri  inde  liberandas;  ac 
etiam  fines,  redemptiones,  et  amerciamecta  de  hominibus 
tenentibuB  et  resideotibus  prsedictis,  ac  exitus  foriafoctos, 
et  omnia  quie  ad  ipsum  nuper  Regem  Ricardum  vel  bee* 
redes  euos  pertinere  possent  de  anno  die  vasto  et  estrep- 
pamento,  forisfacturis  et  murdris,  de  et  in  terria  et  feodis 
prsedictis,  qiue  coram  ipso  vel  h^redibue  bius,  vel  in  can- 
cellaria  sua  et  heeredum  suorum,  seu  coram  thesaurario  et 
barouibus  suis  de  scaccario  et  bseredum  suorum,  vel  coram 
juslitiariis  suis  et  bseredum  suorum  de  communi  banco, 
eive  coram  justitiariis  ad  assisas  capiendas  et  gaolas  d». 
liberandas,  aut  justitiariis  ad  transgressiones  et  felonias 
audiendas  et  terminandas  aasignatis,  seu  coram  alus  justi- 
tiariis vel  ministris  suis  quibuscunqne  et  hteredum  suorum, 
fieri  vel  adjudicari  contingeret,  per  extractaa  de  scaccario 
Buo  et  hteredum  suorum,  ballivis  et  ministris  preefati  avi 
DOBtri,  per  manuB  vicocomitum  in  quorum  ballivie  dicta 
terrse  et  feoda  existerent,  iude  liberandas; — sine  occa- 
sions T^l  impedimento  ipsius  nuper  Regis  Ricardi  vel 
baeredum  suorum,  justitiariorum,  ricecomitum,  escaeto- 
rum,  aut  aliorum  ministrorum  suorum  et  h^redum 
suorum  quorumcuuque.     Et  quod  preedictus  avus  noster 


^d  by  Google 


158 

be  ftble  to  levy,  perceive,  and  have  the  fineB,  raDsoms,  and  tiui  th* 
amercemeats  of  the  eame  men,  tenants,  and  resiaata  of  and  b.  toiiriM 
in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  forfeited  issues,  and  what-  ^"^J^ 
ever  to  the  same  late  King  Richard  or  bis  heirB  could  £^£1^^^ 
pertun  of  year,  day,  and  waste,  eatrepement,  forfeitures,  *"  '*"' 
and  murders,  of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesud,  which 
should  happen  to  be  made  or  adjudged  before  the  said 
justices  in  eyre  to  hold  common  pleas  and  pleas  of  the 
forest,  and  before  the  aforesaid  steward  and  marshals, 
coroner,  or  clerk  of  the  market,  by  estreats  of  the  same 
justices  in  eyre  in  their  circuits,  and  of  the  aforesaid 
steward,  marshals,  coroner,  and  clerk,  in  their  sessions, 
to  be  delivered  thereof  to  the  bailifis  and  ministers  of 
our  aforesaid  grandfather;  and  also  the  fines,  ransoms, 
and  amercements  of  the  aforesaid  men,  tenants,  and  re- 
siants,  and  forfeited  issues,  and  all  things  which  to  the 
same  late  King  Richard  or  his  heirs  could  pertain  of 
year,  day,  waste,  and  estrepement,  forfeitures,  and  mur- 
ders, of  and  in  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid,  which  should 
happen  to  be  made  or  adjudged  before  him  or  his  heirs, 
or  in  the  chancery  of  him  and  his  heirs,  or  before  the 
treasurer  and  barons  of  the  exchequer  of  bim  and  bis 
heirs,  or  before  the  justices  of  him  and  bis  beirs  of  the 
common  bench,  or  before  his  justices  assigned  to  take 
the  assizes  and  to  deliver  his  gaols,  or  the  justices  a»- 
signed  to  hear  and  determine  trespasses  and  felonies,  or 
before  other  the  justices  or  ministers  of  bim  and  his 
heirs  whomsoever,  by  estreats  of  the  exchequer  of  him 
and  bis  heirs,  to  be  delivered  thereof  to  the  bailifis  and 
ministers  of  our  aforesaid  grandfather  by  the  hands  of 
the  sherifis  in  whose  bailiwicks  tbe  said  lands  and  fees 
did  lie;  —  without  let  or  hinderance  of  the  same  late  JI^S»*' 
King  Richard  or  his  heirs,  or  of  his  justices,  sheiifis,  J<^£. 


i  by  Google 


159 

ad  totam  Titam  suam  per  se  et  miniatros  auos  in  omni- 
bus tenis  et  feodis  prsedictiB,  tarn  id  preesoDtia  tpsiuB 
Duper  Regis  Kicardi  et  hsredum  suorum  quam  in  ab- 
seotia  sua  et  hnredum  suorum,  facerat  et  haberet  as- 
saiam  et  aseisam  paniB  vioi  et  cervisiae  et  omDimodorum 
altorum  victualium  quorumcuDque  ac  alionun  ad  officium 
clerici  de  mercato  euo  et  hEeredum  suorum  pertinentium, 
cum  punitione  eonmdem  quotiens  et  quaodo  espediens 
foret  et  necesse :  ao  etiam  haberet  et  perciperet  fines 
amerciamenta  et  redemptlonea  ac  omnimoda  proficua  inde 
provenientia ;  ita  quod  clericus  mercati  ipsius  nuper  Regis 
Ricardi  et  bsredum  suorum  non  tDgrederotur  dicta  terras 
vel  feoda  pro  aliquibua  ad  officium  euum  pertinentibus 
faciendia  seu  exercendis.  Et  quod  idem  avus  noster  ad 
totam  ritam  suam  haberet  catalla  felonum  et  fugitivorum 
tam  fetonum  de  ae  quam  aliorum  quorumcuoque  ac  ut- 
lagatorum  ex  quacunque  causa  omnium  hominum  et  te- 
nentium  de  et  in  tenis  et  feodis  prsedictte,  necnon  omnium 
reeidentium  infra  eadem  terras  et  feoda,  quanqnam  iidem 
homines  tenentes  aut  residentes  minietri  ipsius  nuper 
Regis  Ricardi  vel  haeredum  Euonim  exiaterent :  ita  quod 
81  aliqius  hominum  et  tenentium  de  et  in  terns  et  feodis 
preedictis  seu  aliquis  residentium  in  dictis  tenia  et  feodi^ 
aut  aliquis  alius  in  eiadem  tenia  et  feodia,  pro  aliquo  auo 
malefiicto  quocunque  debeat  vitam  vet  membrum  amittere, 
seu  fugeret,  et  ju<Udo  atare  nollet»  aut  aliquam  aliam  trana- 
gresaioDem  foceret  pro  qua  ipse  deberet  perdere  catalla 
sua,  (in  quo  loco  justitia  de  eo  fieri  deberet)  nve  in  curia 
ipsiue  nuper  Regia  RicanU  et  tueredum  suorum  vel  in  aliia 
curiis,}  catalla  ilia  essent  prsedictt  ari  nostri:  et  liceret  ei 
aeu  ministtis  auis  ponere  se  in  seiainam  dictorum  catal- 
lorum  et  eadem  catalla  ad  opus  prsadicti  avi  noatri  reti" 
nere; — sine  occarione  tsI  impedimento  ipsiue  nuper  R^b 


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159 

escheatoTB,  or  other  ministen  of  him  and  his  heirs  whom- 
soever. And  that  our  aforesaid  grandfather,  for  the  whole  amuj  md 
of  his  life)  by  himself  and  bis  ministers,  in  all  the  lands  >>n»d,  »<■ 
and  fe«s  iforesaid,  as  well  in  presence  of  tbe  same  late  ^Jl'^^^ 
King  Richard  and  bis  heirs  as  in  ^sence  of  him  and  m^k^V"* 
his  heirs,  might  make  and  have  the  assay  and  assize 
of  bread,  wine,  and  ale,  and  of  all  manner  of  other  vic- 
tuals whatsoever,  and  of  other  things  pertaining  to  the 
office  of  tbe  clerk  of  the  market  of  him  and  his  heirs, 
together  vrith  the  puniBhrnent  thereof  whenever  and  so 
often  as  it  should  he  necesBary  and  expedient;  and  also 
that  be  might  have  and  perceive  the  fines,  amercements* 
and  ransoms,  and  all  manner  of  profits  thence  proceed- 
ing, so  that  the  clerk  of  the  market  of  tbe  same  late 
King  Richard  and  Us  heirs  should  not  enter  tbe  said 
lands  or  fees  to  do  or  exercise  any  matters  pertaining 
to  his  office.  And  that  our  same  grandfather,  for  the  ctuueiiot 
whole  of  bis  life,  might  have  the  chattels  of  felons  and  niaiu>«i 
fugitives,  as  well  felons  of  themselves  as  of  others  whom- 
soever, and  of  outlaws  for  any  cause  soever,  of  alt  the 
men  and  tenants  of  and  in  tbe  lands  and  fees  aforesaid, 
and  fdso  of  all  resiants  within  tbe  avne  lands  and  fees, 
albeit  tbe  same  men,  tenants,  or  resiants  were  ministers 
of  the  same  late  King  Richard  or  his  heirs,  so  that  if 
any  of  the  men  and  tenants  of  and  in  the  lands  and 
fees  aforesaid,  or  any  of  the  resiants  in  tbe  said  lands 
and  fees,  or  any  other  person  in  the  same  lands  and 
fees,  for  any  misdeed  whatsoever,  ou^t  to  lose  life  or 
limb,  or  should  flee  and  not  be  willing  to  stand  their 
trial,  or  should  commit  any  other  trespass  for  tbe  which 
they  ought  to  lose  their  chattels  (in  whatsoever  pTace 
justice  should  be  had  of  them,  whether  in  the  court  of  the 
same  late  King  Richard  and  his  heirs  or  in  other  courts). 


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Ricardi  vel  heeredum  auorum,  Ticecomitum,  escaetorutn, 
aut  alioram  balliTorum  seu  ministrorum  luorum  et  bte- 
redum  Buorum  quorumcunque.  Et  quod  prsefatus  «vus 
Doater  ad  totatn  vitam  Buain  haberet  retoroa  omnium  bre- 
vium  ipsiue  nuper  Regis  Ricardi  et  heeredum  euorum,  nec- 
Don  Bummoailionum  extractarum  et  preeceptorom  de  dcac- 
cario  euo,  et  ecaccario  haeredum  auorum,  ac  extractarum 
et  prseceptorum  justitiariorum  auorum  et  hseredum  suorum 
itiDerantium  tam  ad  placita  forestte  quam  ad  commuuia 
pladta,  aut  aliorum  juatitiariorum  quorumcunque,  neccon 
attachiameuta  tam  de  placitis  corouGe  quam  aliorum  in  om- 
nibus tenia  et  feodia  prtedictia.  Et  quod  prsedictua  arua 
noster  ad  totam  vitam  suam  per  se  et  per  balliTOS  et  mi- 
niatroa  auos  haberet  in  eisdem  terria  et  feodia  execu- 
tionem  eorundem  brevium  aummonitionum  extractarum 
et  prseceptorum :  ita  quod  nullua  vicecomes  ballivus  aut 
alius  minister  ipaius  nuper  Regis  Ricardi  vel  hseredum 
suorum  prsedicta  terras  et  feoda  ingrederetur  pro  aliquo 
officio  vel  aliqua  re  officium  suum  tangente  faciendo,  nisi 
in  defectu  ipuua  avi  noatri  vel  miniatrorum  suorum.  Ac 
insuper  idem  nuper  Rex  Ricardua  per  eandem  cartam  suam 
conceaserit  pro  ae  et  dictia  haeredibua  suia  quod  si  viceco- 
mitea  vel  ballivi  libertatum  hundredorum  seu  wapenta- 
chiorum,  in  aliquibus  executionibua  pro  preedicto  avo 
noatro  per  brevia  aeu  maodata  sua  vel  heredum  suorum, 
seu  aliquo  alio  modo,  faciendis,  negligentes  essent  vel  re- 
missi,  per  quod  contingeret  ipeos  amerdari  aut  fines  facere 
in  ecaccario  vel  in  aliis  curiis  auis  et  haeredum  suorum, 
bujuamodi  fines  et  amerciamenta  eaaent  prsefati  avi  noetrii 
et  quod  levarentur  ad  opus  ipsius  avi  nostri  per  miniatros 
suoB  supradictos,  durante  vita  ana.  Et  quod  predictus 
avua  Doster  ad  totam  vitam  suam  haberet  infra  omnia 
preedicta  terras  et  feoda  omnimoda   catalla  vocata  wayf 


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aiich  chattels  should  belong  to  our  afores^d  grandfetfaer: 
and  it  should  be  lawful  for  him  or  his  miniBters  to  put 
tfaemselres  in   seizin  of  the  said  chattels,  and  the  same 
chattels  to  retain  to  the  behoof  of  our  aforesaid  grand- 
father;—  without  let  or  hinderance   from  the  same  late  wiihouiiat 
King  Richard  or  bis  heirs,  or  his  sheriA,  escbeators,  or  j^"^ 
other  bailifis  or  ministers  of  him  and  hie  heirs  whomsoever,  "i"*^ 
And  that  our  aforesaid  grandfetber,  for  the  whole  of  bis  n*tan  ni 
life,  might  have  the  return  of  all  writs  of  the  same  late  wrx.,  «im- 
King  Richard,  and  his  heirs,  and  also  of  summons,  es-  jJ^IJ,"'' 
treats,  and  precepts  of  his  exchequer  and  of  the  exchequer 
of  his  heirs,  and  of  the  estreats  and  precepts  of  the  justices 
of  him  and  his  heirs  in  eyre  to  hold  as  well  pleas  of  the 
forest  as  common  pleas,  or  of  other  justices  whomsoever, 
and  also  the  attachment  as  well  of  pleas  of  the  crown  as  Aiuchmmi 
of  others  in  all  the  lands  and  fees  aforesaid.     And  that  our  tti«cn>in>. 
aforesaid  grandfather,  for  the  whole  of  his  life,  by  himself 
and  by  his  bailiffs  and  mlDietere  might  have  in  the  same 
lands  and  fees  the  execution  of  the  same  writs,  summons, 
estreats,  and  precepts,  so  that  no  sheriff,  bailiff,  or  other  Ttwt  ■»  ab*. 
minister  of  the  same  late  King  Richard  or  his  h^rs  should  buuffaniw 
euter  the  aforesud  lands  and  fees  to  perform  any  office,  or  intH™^- 
anything  touching  bis  office,  unless  in  default  of  our  same  '^°"- 
grandfather  or  bis  ministers.     And,  moreover,  the  same  fibbuii 
late  King  Richard  by  bis  same  charter  did  grant,  for  '^'"' 
himself  and  his  8«d  heirs,  that  if  the  sheriA  or  bailiffs  i^^jjJ'J^^ 
of  liberties,  hundreds,  or  wapentakes  were  negligent  or  '^'«^"»- 
remiss  in  making  any  executions  for  our  aforesaid  grand- 
father  by  writs  or  mandates  of  him  or  his  heirs,  or  in 
any  other  wise  whereby  it  should  happen  that  tbey  be 
amerced  or  make  fines  in  the  exchequer  or  in  other  the 
courts  of  him  and  his  heirs,  such  fines  and  amercements 
should  belong  to  our  aforesaid  grandfather,  and  that  they 


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et  stray,  deodanda,  theBaurum  inrentum  ac  alias  res  vel 
{Stalls  inrenta;  et  quod  ipse  per  ee  et  mitiiBtros  sum 
seisire  et  capere  poeset  ad  voluntatem  euam  ad  opus 
pnedieti  an  nostri,  wayfa  et  strayes,  deodanda,  thesaarum 
inventum,  ac  alia  inventa  supradicta.  Et  quod  prmdictua 
avus  noster  ad  totsm  vitam  suam  haberet  qosecunque 
bona  et  catalla  vocata  maiiuopera  capta  vel  capienda 
cum  quacuuque  persona  infra  terraa  et  feoda  praedicta, 
ac  per  eandem  persoQam  coram  quocunqne  judice  dead- 
Tocata.  Subsequenterque  prsehtua  pater  noster  ex  certa 
stnentia  sua,  de  aaseneu  parliamenti  sui,  per  cortam  suam 
concesBerit,  declaraTerit,  et  oTdinarerit,  pro  se  et  hseredibua 
suis,  quod  tam  in  ducatu  suo  Lancastrise,  quam  in  univerffls 
et  ungulis  aliis  comitatibus,  bonoribns,  maneriis,  feodis,  pos- 
Bessionibus,  «t  domimis  eidem  patri  nostro  ante  adeptionem 
dignitatis  suie  regin,  qualitercunque  et  ubicunque,  jure 
hsereditario,  in  dominico  eerritio  vel  rereraone,  seu  alias 
quafitercunque  discenns,  talia  et  faujaemodi  libertatea,  juia 
regalia,  consuetudinee  et  franchesiffi,  in  omnibus  et  per 
ocmia,  in  perpetuum  habeantur,  exerceantur,  condnuentur, 
fiant  et  utantur,  et  per  tales  officiarios  et  minietros  gubo^ 
□entur  et  exequantur,  quee  et  qualia  et  per  quales  officia- 
rios et  mimstros,  tam  tempore  died  domini  et  mi  nostri, 
quam  temporibus  alionim  progenitorum  et  Bntecessonim 
suorum,  in  eisdem  ducatu,  comitatibus,  honoribua,  castria^ 
maneriis,  feodis,  et  aliis  poesessionibus  et  dominiis  prsedictia, 
uti  et  hab^  ac  regi  et  gubemari  consueverunt,  virtute  car- 
tanim  inde  confecta^m,prout  in  cartis  prcedictia  plenius  cod- 
tinetur.  M®^  autem  concessiones,  deelarationes,  decre* 
turn,  ordinationem,  voluntates,  libertates,  consuetudines  et 
franchesias  prsedicta,  oc  omnia  alia  et  singula  in  cartia  pne- 
dictis  contenta,  rata  habentes  et  grata,  ea  pro  nobis  et  be- 
redtbns  nostria,  quantum  in  nobis  est,  de  gratia  nostra  ape- 


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161 

might  be  Idried  to  the  behoof  of  our  same  graDdfatber  by  bis 
miniBtera  aboresaid  during  bit  life.    And  that  our  aforesaid 
gTaad&ther,  for  the  whole  of  his  Ufe»  might  hare  within  all 
the  aforesaid  lands  and  fees  all  manaer  of  chattels  called  w.jta  ud 
wayf  and  stray,  daodands,  treasure  trove,  and  other  things  !^l^nd>. 
or  chattels  found ;  and  that  he  by  himself  and  bis  ministera  ^""" 
might  be  able  to  seize  and  take  at  their  pleasure,  to  the 
behoof  of  OUT  aforesaid  grandfather,  the  wayfe  and  strays, 
deodands,  treasure  trovi^  and  other  things  found  as  above- 
sud.     And  that  our  aforesaid  grandfather,  for  the  whole  of  Uainsoi. 
his  life,  might  have  all  manner  of  goods  and  chattels  called 
mainour,  taken  or   to  be  taken  upon  any  person  soever 
within   the   lands  and  fiees   aforesaid,   and   by   the   same 
person   disclaimed  before  any  judge  soever.      And  sub-  Andih» 
sequenUy  our  aforesaid  father,  of  his  certain  knowledge,  '^^'S^'*" 
with   the  assent  of  his   parliament,   did  by   his   charter  ?^|^'^g, 
grant,   decUre,   and   ordain,   for   himself   and   his    heirs,  t^t»!!!^ 
that  as  well  in  bis   duchy   of  Lancaster  as   in   all  and  )l^,l^lf 
singular  the   other  counties,   honors,  manors,  fees,   pos-  SrdHd» 
sessionB,  and  brdsbips,  to  our    same  father  howsoever  '^'' ''^f ''' ** 
and  wheresoever  descended  before  his  adoption  of  the  fjl^"^ 
royal  dignity,   by  hereditary   right,  in   demesne,   in   ser-  "V!!f^ 
vice,  or  in  reversion,  or  otherwise  howsoever,  such  and  omanu 
the  like   hber^es,  jura  regalia,  customs,  and   franchises, 
in  all  and  throughout  all,  should  be  had,  exercised,  con- 
tinued, done,  and  used  for  ever,  and  by  such  officers  and 
ministers  be  governed  and  executed  as  and  which  were 
wont  to  be  had  and  used  in  the  same  duchy,  counties, 
honors,  castles,  manors,  fees,   and  other  possessions  and 
lordships  aforesaid,  and  by  whom  they  were  wont  to  be 
ruled  and  governed,  as  well  in  the  time  of  our  said  lord 
and  grandfather,  as  in  the  times  of  other  his  progenitors 
and   ancestors,  by  virtue   of  the   charters   thereof  made, 


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16S 

<nali,  et  ex  certa  Bcientia  nostra,  ac  de  aaseDBu  dominonim 
spiritualium  et  temporalium  necnoD  commuiiitatiB  regni 
□ostri  Anglise  in  prseseati  parliamento  noetro  existentium, 
auctoritate  ejusdem  parliameoU,  acceptamua,  approbamus^ 
concedimua  et  confimiamuB,  Bicut  carUe  priedictK  ratio- 
nabiliUr  testantur.  Volentes  ulterius  et  coDcedentes  pro 
□obiB  et  dictia  fasredibuB  noetris,  de  assenau  et  auctoritate 
priedictiB,  quod  libertates,  conauetudines  et  fraucbeBUe 
pnedicUe,  et  earum  Bingulee,  iu  omuibUB  et  per  omnia, 
in  peq>etuum  habeantur,  exerceantur,  continueatur,  fiant, 
et  utantur,  juxta  tenorem  cartarum  preedictantro,  sine 
occaBione  vel  impedimento  nostri  vel  haeredum  nostronim, 
juBtitiariorjni,  eBcaetorum,  Ticecomitum,  aut  aliorum  bal- 
lirorum  vel  nuDistrorum  nostrorum  seu  heeredum  nostro- 
rum  quoTumcunque.  Et  quod  sigillum  pro  ducatu  prs- 
dicto  bactenuB  usitatum  ad  omnia  et  singula  quee  sub 
sigillo  illo  ante  bsec  tempora  data  conceBsa  acta  facta 
sive  geeta  fuerunt,  aut  qualitercunque  emanarunt,  locum 
habeat  et  vigorem  in  perpetuum,  absque  reclamatione  seu 
contradictione  aliquali,  aut  impetitione,  inquietaUoo^  vel 
molestatione  nostri  vel  beeredum  nostrorum,  aut  jusUtia- 
riorum,  baronum  de  acaccario  noetro  et  hseredum  nostro- 
rum, Tel  aliorum  officiariorum  seu  minietrorum  nostrorum 
vel  bseredum  nostrorum  corome  quorumcunque.  Quodque 
faujusmodi  sigillum  exnunc  in  ducatu  illo  pro  ne^tiis 
et  agendis  ejusdem  ducatus  faeiendis  et  exequendis  babe-, 
atur  et  exerceatur  in  perpetuum.  Prseterea  cum  diversa 
boDores,  castra,  bundreda,  commota,  maneria,  terree,  te- 
nementa,  reverBioDes,  annuitates,  feoda,  advocationes,  ac 
quamplura  alia  possessioneB  et  dominia  iufra  regnum  nos- 
trum Anglise  et  partes  Wallise  praadictaa,  ac  alibi  infra 
dominium  et  potestatem  nostra,  quee  fuerunt  de  hsredi- 
tate  prseclarK  memorise  domiiue  Marise,  unius  filianmi  et 


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the   charters    aforesaid    more   fully   is   contained, 
we,  ratifying  and  approving  the  grants,  declara- 
tions,   decree,    ordinance,   wills,    liherties,   customs,   and  *^ji°^ 
franchises  aforesaid,  and  all  and  every  other  the  noatters 
and   things  in   the  charters  aforesaid   contained,    do,   for 
us  and  our  heirs,  as  far  as   in   us  lies,  of  our  especial 
grace  and  of  our  certain  knowledge,  and  with  the  assent 
of  the   Lords  spiritual   and  temporal,   and  of  the  Com- 
mons  of  our  realm  of  England,   in   our  present  parlia- 
ment assembled,  by  the  authority  of  the  same  parliament, 
accept,  approve,  grant,  and  confirm  the   same,  as    the 
charters   aforesaid   reasonably   testify.      Willing,   further-  ThautHr- 
more,  and  granting  for   us  and   our   said   heirs,   by   and  i«iu,ud 
with   the   assent  and  authority  nforesiud,  that   the  liber'  '^^^ 
ties,  customs,  and  franchises  aforesaid,  and  every  of  them,  "«"•'""t 
in  all  and  throughout  all,  shall   he  had,  eurcised,   con- 
tinued, done,  and  used  for  ever,  according  to  the  tenor 
of  the  charters  aforesud,  without  let  or  hinderance  from  wiibmitM 
US  or  our  beirs,  the  justices,  escheators,  sheri£,  or  other  Kinfl 
the  bailifis  or  ministers  of  us  or   our  heirs   whomsoever. 
And  that  the  seal  heretofore  used  for  the  duchy  afore-  Annutan 
said,  in  respect  of  all  and  every  the  things  which  have  i»H«dii?ii« 
been  given,  granted,  made,  done,  or   passed,  or  in  any  ^"•^•^ 
wise  have  emanated  under  that  seal  before  these  times, 
shall  have  force  and  effect  for  ever,  without  any  reclaim 
or  contradiction   or  impeachment,  disturbance  or  moles- 
tation, of  us  or  our  heirs,  or  the  justices,  barons  of  the 
exchequer  of  us  Mid  our  heirs,  or  other  officers  or  mi- 
nisters of  the  crown   of  us    or  our    heirs   whomsoever. 
And  that  hereafter  the  like  seal  shall  he  had  and  exer-  Theun* 
cised   in   that  duchy  for   executing   and   transacting  the  ^<° 
business  and  a^rs  of  the  same  duchy  for  ever, 
more,  whereas  divers  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes. 


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heeredum  Humfridi  de  Bobun  naper  Comitis  Herefoidie, 
Easexiee,  et  Northamptontte,  et  ConstabuUrii  Anglue, 
matrifl  ncwtrs  cariasimsB  defuoctae,  cujus  basres  hob 
flumuB,  post  mortem  prsedicti  domini  et  patris  noBtri, 
qui  ea  tenuit  ad  terminum  vitK  sun  per  legem  Anglue^ 
nobis  et  faeeredibuB  Bostris  jure  fasereditario  deeceoderiat 
et  acciderint;  nos  jam,  ex  certa  stuentia  nostra,  et  de 
asBensu  et  anctoritate  preedictiB,  omnia  et  singula  ho- 
nores,  castra,  bundreda,  «nnniotai  maneria,  terras,  tene- 
menta,  reveruoneB,  annaitates,  feoda,  adrocationes,  po»- 
sessiones,  et  dominia  priedicta  dictse  bsereditatiB  noetree 
comitatuum  Herefordise,  Essexiee,  et  Nortbamptoniee,  cum 
Buis  juribuB  libertatibus  francbeaiia  et  liberis  consuetudi- 
□ibus  quibuBcimque,  a  corona  nostra  Anglise  tenore  pre- 
sentium  separamus,  et  ea  preedicto  ducatui  noBtro  Lancas- 
trite  adjungimuB,  annectimus,  uoimuB,  et  incorporamus, 
nobis  et  heredibus  noatris,  eidem  ducatiu  sic  adjuncta, 
-  annexa,  uoita,  et  incorporata,  in  perpetuum,  ut  prtedic- 
tum  est,  remansura.  Ac  etiam  ut  dicta  bfereditas  noetn 
prsedictorum  comitatuum  Herefordin,  Esaexie^  et  North- 
amptooiie  magnificentiuB  iuHgniri  et  decorari,  ac  uni- 
verd  et  dnguli  homines  et  tenentes  bsereditatis  illiuB, 
necnoD  residentes  infra  eaodem,  eo  quietius,  hooorificen- 
tiu«^  et  tranquilUus  exDunc  deduci,  gubemari,  et  per* 
tractari  valeant^  csterique  ligei  nostri  corda  aeeumaat  bi- 
lariora  ad  terras  et  tenementa  ejusdem  bsereditatis  noetrsB 
indies  confluere  et  ibidem  libentius  pennanere,  quo  Tariia 
fuerint  libertatibus,  francbesiiB,  et  immnnitatibus  ex  noBtta 
liberalitate  suffulti,  ex  certa  Bcieutia  nostra,  ac  de  asBensu 
et  auctoritate  prsedictis,  volumus,  ac  t«nore  praeaeo- 
ttum  concet^mus,  dedaramus,  et  ordinamus,  pro  nobis 
et  hseredibua  nostria,  quod  in  univeruB  et  nngulis  bono- 
ribus,  caatris,  bundredia,  commotis,  maneriia,  terris,  tene- 


.y  Google 


manon,  lands,  teDemenU,  reversions,  annuities,  fees,  ad-  rmiuii^ 
vowBOBs,  and  very  many  other  posBeSHions  and  lordsbipa  ^^^^o 
within  our  realm  of  England  and  the  aforesaid  parts  of  1^°^™)^ 
Wales,   and  elsewhere  within  our  power  and  dominions,  iSniiM^ 
(which   were   of  the    inheritance   of  the    lady   Mary  ai  d*ii|bi«ud 
famous  memory,  one  of  the  daughters    and  co-heirs  of  HumpbRT 
Humphrey  de  Bdiun,  late  Eail  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  ^"^^" 
Northampton,    and    Constable   of  England,  our    dearest  ^pf^' 
mother  deceased,   whose   heir   we   are,)    have   descended 
and  come  unto  us  and  our  heirs   by   hereditary  right 
since  the  death  of  our  aforesaid  lord  and  fattier  who 
held  them  for  term  of  his  life  by  the  law  of  England; — 
we  now,  of  our  certiun  knowledge,  and  by  and  with  the  ti»  uu 
assent  and  authority  aforesaid,  all  and  singular  the  honors,  *^^™ 
castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  re-  ^Jt™"^ 
verwouB,  annuities,  fees,  advowsons,  posseBBtons,  and  lord-  <'^'*°'^*^' 
ships  aforesaid  of  our  said  heritage  of  the  earldoms  of 
Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northampton,  with  all  their  rights, 
liberties,  franchises,  and  free  customs  wbatsoever,  do,  by  the 
tenor  of  these  presents,  sever  &om  our  crown  of  England, 
and  the  same  do  adjoin,  annex,  unite,  and  incorporate  to 
and   with  our  aforesaid   duchy  of  Lancaster,  to   remain 
to   us  and  our  heirs  so   adjoined,  annexed,  united,   and 
incorporated   to   and   with   the   same  duchy  as  is  afore- 
said for  ever.    And  also  in  order  that  our  said  heritage  ti»  tttHKin 
of  the  aforesaid  earldoms  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  North-  ^la'^nu' 
ampton   may  be   the  more   magnificently  signalized   and  thr«i|hr>iu 
decorated,    and  all   and   every   the  men   and   tenants   of  "^^^^^' 
that  heritage,   and  also   the   resiants   within    the    same,  Nu^uj^ 
may  be  the  more  quietly,  honorably,  and  peacefully  ma-  *"' 
naged,  governed,  and  treated  hereafter,  and  that  the  rest 
of  our  lieges    may   be   daily   heartened   more   cheerfully 
to    flock   to  the   lands  and   tenements  of  our   same   be- 


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164 

mentie,  feodis,  domiaiia,  et  aliis  possessionibus  pnedictae 
hsereditatis  Dostrse  comitatuum  Herefordise,  Essesiffi,  et 
Nortfaamptoniae,  omnia  et  singuk  libertates,  coDsuetudines, 
francfaesis,  et  jura  regalia  prtedicta,  quee  nobis  et  be- 
redibus  nostris  remanere  volumus,  in  omDibuB  et  per 
omnia,  et  per  officiarios  et  miniatros  nostroe  ducatus, 
comitatuum,  bonorum,  caetrorum,  roaneriorum,  bundred- 
orum,  commotorum,  teirarum)  tenementomm,  feodorum, 
dominiorum,  et  aiiarum  possessionum  prtedictorum,  jam 
ctHi&titutos  aasignatos  et  deputatos,  ac  per  nos  et  haeredes 
nostros  decsetero  constitueados  asBignandoB  et  deputan- 
dos,  exDunc  futuris  temporibua  adeo  plene  integre  et  pa- 
cifice  babeantur  exerceantur  continuentur  fiant  et  utan- 
tur,  prsedictaque  bonores,  castra,  hundreda,  commota, 
maneria,  terrse,  tenementa,  feoda,  dominia,  et  alise  posses- 
eiones  ejusdem  hsereditatis  noBtree  comitatuum  Herefordi^ 
Essexiffi,  et  Northamptoni»,  regantur,  deducantur,  et  gu- 
bernentur,  eisdem  mode  et  fonna,  ac  sub  sigillo  priedictot 
prout  eadem  bonores,  castra,  hundreda,  commota,  maneria, 
terree,  tenementa,  feoda,  dominia,  et  alise  poBseEsioncs  per 
bujuBmodi  officiarios  et  ministros  ducatus  priedicti,  ac  sub 
eodem  sigillo,  melius  et  liberius  regi,  deduci,  et  gubemari, 
dictaque  libertates,  consuetudinea,  frauchesiae,  et  jura  re- 
galia in  ducatu  prfedicto,  extra  comitatum  palatinum  Lan- 
castriee,  haberi,  exerceri,  continuari,  et  fieri  consuevenint» 
virtute  caTtanim  inde  coufectarum :  quodque  omnia  et  sin- 
gula dictam  biereditatem  uostram  comitatuum  Herefordiee, 
Essexise,  et  Nortbamptonise  coDcementia,  quse  sub  ngtUo 
prsedicto  per  nos  data  concesBa  acta  facta  sive  gesta  fuerunt* 
seu  qualitereunque  emanarunt,  locum  habeant  et  Tigorem  in 
perpetuum,  modo  quo  superius  quoad  prEedictum  ducatum 
nostrum  Lancastrise  plenius  est  declaratum.  Et  quod  omnes 
et  singuli  bomioes  et  tenentes  ejusdem  haereditaUs  nostrs 


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ritage,    and   there  more  willingly  induced  to  remain,  the 
more  they  are  upheld  by  our  bounty  with  various  liber- 
ties, franchises,  and  immunities ;  we  will,  of  our  certain 
knowledge,   and   by   and  with   the   assent  and   authori^ 
aforesaid,  and  by  the   tenor  of  these   preseDts  do  grant, 
declare,  and  ordain,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  in  all  and 
singular  the  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  conunotes,  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  fees,  lordships,  and  other  possessions  of 
our  aforesaid  heritage  of  the  earldoms  of  Hereford,  EsseX} 
and  Northampton,  all  and  singular  the  liberties,  custome, 
franchises,  and  jvra  regalia  aforesaid,  which  we   will   to 
remain   (o   us  and  our  heirs,   shall   in   future  from  this 
time  forth  be  in  all  and  throughout  all,  and  by  our  officers  udkriiM 
and   ministers  of  the  aforesaid   duchy,  counties,  honors,  mini>iinnf 
castles,   manors,  hundreds,   commotes,   lands,   tenements, 
fees,  lordships,  and  other  possessions,  now  appointed,  as- 
signed, and  deputed,  and  hereafter  by  us  and  our  heirs 
to  be  appointed,  asngned,  and  deputed,  as  fully,  entirely, 
and  peacefully  had,  exercised,  continued,  done,  and  used, 
— and  the  aforesaid  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  udihiuid 
manors,  lands,  tenements,  fees,  lordshipB,  and  other  pos-  w  luii^ci  ■<> 
sessions  of  our  same  heritage  of  the  earldoms  of  Here-  "■'■'  ■"•- 
ford,  Essex,  and  Northampton,  be   ruled,   managed,  and  "',1^;""' 
governed  in   the  same  manner  and  form,  and  under  the  ^DTi^'jI^ 
aforesiud  seal,  as  the  same  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  com-  tben",°u 
motes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  fees,  lordsfaips,  and  other  ii»  ducby  or 
possessions  by  the  like  officers  and  ministers  of  the  afore-  J^^""* 
said  duchy,  and   under  the  same  seal,  have  been  accus-  p*^"*- 
tomed  in  the  best  and  freest  manner  to  be   ruled,  ma- 
naged,  and    governed,   and   the   said    liberties,   customs, 
franchises,   and  jwa   regaUa   to  be   had,  exercised,   con- 
tinued, and  done  in  the  aforesaid  duchy,  out  of  the  county 
palatine  of  Lancaster,  by  virtue  of  the  charters  thereof 


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165 

comitatuom  Herefordioi,  Essexise,  et  NorthamptoDiae,  ac 
rasidentes  infra  eandem,  Ubertatibiis,  francheeiiB,  conaue- 
tudinibuB,  et  juribua  praedictig,  et  eonim  quolibet,  decaetero 
plene  et  integre  gaudeant  et  utantur  in  perpetuum,  sine 
occastone  vel  ioapedimento  Dostri  vel  hseredum  nostronim, 
justitiarioniin,  escaetonun,  Ticecomitum,  ant  alionim  bal- 
livonun  seu  ministroram  Dostronim  vel  tuBredum  nostro- 
nim quonimcuDque.  Quodque  universa  et  eiugula  bene- 
fida  eccleriastica  ad  (Uctam  hseredltatam  noBtram  comi- 
tatuum  Herefbrdiffi,  Essexiae,  et  Northamptoniae  apectantia 
per  DOB  et  hiBTedee  nostros  contiaue  futuria  temporibus  Bub 
«gillo  prsedicto  cooferaDtur;  ita  quod  cancellarius  vel  the- 
saurarius  AngUae  pro  tempore  exiateatea,  seu  quivia  alius 
officiariuB  regius,  de  coilaUone  vel  prseaentatione,  seu  etiam 
de  viutatione  beneficiorum  hqjuemodi,  ratjone  alicujus  tituli 
noBtri  aut  offiinorum  buotuid,  ae  nullatenus  intromittaot  in 
fttturo.  Volentes  insuper,  et  ex  certa  acieDtis  noatra,  ac 
de  asseosu  ac  auctoritate  prsdictia,  concedentee,  et  decla- 
rantea  per  prseBentes,  pro  nobia  et  hieredibus  nostria,  quod 
omnia  et  singula  honores,  castra,  bondreda,  commota,  ma- 
neria,  terra,  tenementa,  rerersioneB,  annuitates,  feoda,  ad- 
Tocatjonea,  ac  alia  poesessioseB  et  dominia,  qiue  ad  manua 
praefati  patria  noatri  aut  nostras  post  dicta  concesaionem 
decIaratioDem  decretum  et  ordinationem  ipaiua  patris 
nostri,  de  assensu  parliamenti  sui  prradicti  sic  &cta,  ut 
de  jure  ducatua  praedicti,  occaBione  escaetfe,  fbriafac- 
turse,  recuperatioDis,  remaaere,  aut  discenfiue,  eive  alte- 
liiis  tituli)  aeu  alias  qualitercunque  de?enerunt,  praedicto 
ducatui  adjungantur,  snnectentur,  uniantur,  et  incorpo- 
rentur,  nobis  et  bseredibus  nostris,  ut  prrodictum  est,  re- 
mansura.  Ac  etiam  quod  quandocunque  et  quoUen»- 
cunque   aliqua  alia  honores,  castra,   hundreda,  commota. 


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made:  «id  diat  all  aod  erery  the  matten  and  things  ad  aatts. 
conoenuDg  our  laid  heritage  of  the  earidonu  of  Here-  uubiemo 
ford,  EsseXf  end  Northampton,  which   hy  ub  have  been  J^^^^^,^^ 
given,  graDted,  made,  done,  or  passed,  or  in  anywise  have  ^^^,^*°'*™' 
emanated  under  the  atntl  aforesud,  shall  have  force  and 
effect  for  ever,  in  the  same  manoer  as  ia  above  mom 
fully  declared   respecting  our  aforesaid  duchy  of  Lan. 
caster.     And  diat  all  and  every  the  men  and  tenants  of  Tk*i«nt* 
our  same  heritage  of  the   earldoms   of  Hereford,   Essex,  ^*^» 
and    Northampton,   and   the    resiants   within    the    same,  "^.  ""^ 
may  henceforth  fully  and  entirely  enjoy  and  use  the  liber-  ^j^'^ 
tieg,  Eranchisea,  customs,  and  rights  aforesaid,  and  every  ■"■"'™- 
of  them  for  ever,  without  let  or  binderance   from  us  or 
our  beim,  or  the  justices,   escheators,   sherifls,   or  other 
bailiK  or  ministers  of  us  or  our  beiia  whomsoever.    And  phmb»- 
that  all  and  singular  ecclenastical  benefices  belonging  to  ci«iM«iiai 
our  sud   heritage   of  the  earldoms  of  Hereford,  f^ssez,  tiaBfu 
and   Northampton  shall   in  time   to  come    be   conferred  d>»bT>«i- 
uninterruptedly  by  us  and  our  said  heirs  under  the  seal 
aforeeaid:  so  that  in  future   the   chancellor  or  treasurer  chuHaHsn 
of  England  for  the  time  being,  or  any  other  royal  officer,  zn^udsM 
do   in   nowise   intermeddle   in   the  collation  or  presenta-  ^[l'.^?^ 
tion,  or  even  in  the  visitation,  of  the  like  benefices  by  |^^£^. 
reason  of  any  title  of  ours  or  of  their  offices.      Wilhng,  ah  undi 
moreover,  and  of  our  certain  knowledge,  and  by  and  i)»  «lu. " 
with  the  assent  and  authority  aforesaid  granting  and  de-  .^"L"!?' 
claring  by  tiiese  presents,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  that  all  \"'t^" 
and  ungular  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  ^£)^^ 
lands,   tenements,   reversions,  annuities,  fees,   advowsons,  mh^^.Vt 
and  other  possessions  and  lordships,  which  after  the  said  dncbr.^h^i 
grant,  declaration,  decree,  and  ordinance  of  our  aforesaid  •■»n*°' 
fotfaer,  so  made  with  the  assent  of  faia  parliament  afbr»- 


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166 

maneria,  terrse,  tenementa,  reversioneB,  anDuitates,  feoda, 
adTocaUones,  aut  alia  possessionea  et  domitiia  quaecanque, 
ubicunque  infra  dominium  et  potestatem  nostra  pnedicta, 
tanquam  ad  dictas  baereditates  nostras,  vel  alteram  eanm- 
dem,  pertinentia,  ad  manua  noBtrae,  Beo  fateredum  nostro- 
rum,  ratione  juris  noatri,  aut  occauone  bujuamodi  escaet», 
forisbcturfc,  recuperationie,  remanere,  aut  discensu^  sive 
alteriua  tituli,  Beu  alias  qualitercuDqiie,  futuris  temporibus 
devenerint,  eo  ipso  et  quamdtius  bonoree,  castra,  bua- 
dreda,  commota,  maneria,  terree,  tenementa,  reversionea, 
annuitat«8,  feoda,  advocationes,  ac  alia  poBsessiones  vel 
dominia  ilia  in  manibus  nostriB  vel  bferedam  suorum  dc 
fuerint,  uni  vel  alteri  bsreditatum  nostrarum  prsedictarum, 
ad  quam  diuoscuntur  pertinere,  similiter  adjungantur,  uni* 
antur,  et  incorporentur,  DobiB  et  bseredibus  noatris  ut  prse- 
mittitur  remansura.  Et  quod  tarn  ea  omnia  et  singula 
quam  alia  supradicta,  quae  poBt  conceasionem,  declara- 
tionem,  decretum,  et  ordinationem  ipaius  patris  nostri 
prodicta,  ad  manna  suas  eive  nostras  sic  devenerunt,  seu 
impoaternm  ut  pnedictum  est  deTenerint,  per  bujusmodi 
oSciarios  et  minietroB  nostros  vel  baeredum  nostrorum, 
modoque  et  forma  suf^adictis,  ac  sub  si^llo  preedicto, 
regantur  et  gubernentur;  quodque  libertates,  consuetu- 
dines,  francbesiae,  et  jura  regalia,  omnia  et  singula  in 
eisdem  plene  et  integre  exerceantur,  continueutur,  fiant» 
et  utantur  in  perpetuum;  sine  oncasione  vel  impedimento 
nostri  vel  hseredum  nostrorum,  juatitianorum,  vicecomi- 
tum,  escaetorum,  aut  aliorum  ballivorum  seu  ministrorum 
nostrorum  vel  hseredum  nostrorum  quorumcunque.  In 
cujus  rei  testimonium  bas  Uteras  noBtras  fieri  fecimus 
patentes.  Teste  me  ipso  apud  Westmonasterium,  de- 
cimo  none  die  Novembris,  anno  regni  nostri  secundo. 


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166 

sud,  came  iato  the  hands  of  our  some  father,  or  into 
oon  on    occaMOQ  of  escheat,  forfeiture    recovery,    re- 
mainder, or  descent,  or  by  other  title,  or  othervise  bow- 
eoerer,  ae  in  the  right  of  the  aforesiud  duchy,  shall  be 
adjoined,  annexed,   united,  and  incorporated  to  and  vith 
the  said  duchy,  to  remain  to  us  and  our  heirs,   as  is 
aforesaid.     And  also  that  whensoever  and  ae  often  soever  udiiiiaadi 
as  any  other  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  iSu^t 
lands,  tenements,  reverBions,  annuities,  fees,  advowsons,  or  '?'^'y"> 
other    possessions    and    lordships   whatever,   wheresoever  i^^'^'^i^ 
within  our  aforesaid  power  and  dominion,  shall  come  in  u«b^1h7y 
future   to  the  bands  of  us  or  of  our  heirs,   as   pertain-  bdoD^"""' 
ing  to  our  said  heritages  or  to  either  of  them,  by  reason 
of  our  right,  or  on  occasion  of  the  like  escheat,  forfeiture, 
recovery,  remainder,  or  descent,  or  by  other  title,  or  other- 
wise howsoever,  immediately  and  so  soon  ae  such  honors, 
castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  re- 
versions, annuities,  fees,  advowsons,  and  other  possessions 
or  lordships  shall  bo  be  in  the  hands  of  ue  or  of  our  heirs, 
they  shall  in  like  manner  he  adjoined,  united,  and  incor- 
porated  to   and  with  one  or  other  of  our  aforesaid   he- 
ritages, to  the  which  they  are  known  to  pertain,  to  remain 
to  us  and  our  heirs,  as  is  premised.     And  that  ae  well  all  in  wumh 
and  every  of  them  as  the  others  abovesaid,  which  afler  the  •>uiii»  nib- 
afores^d  grant,  declaration,  decree,  and  ordinance  of  our  "JJ^Jj- 
same  father,  so  came  into  his  hands  or  into  ours,  or  here-  ^** "' 
after  shall  come  as  is  aforesaid,  shall  he  ruled  and  governed 
by  the  like  officers  and  ministers  of  us  or  our  heirs  in 
manner  and  form  abovesaid,  and  under  the  seal  afore- 
sud ;    and   that   the    liberties,   customs,    franchises,   and  wd  ti»  uid 
jam   r^alia   shall   all  and   every  of  them   be  fully   and  iurmnttua 
entirely  exercised,  continued,  done,  and  used  in  the  same  "■*"- 


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167 

hea  quflux  paroles  lieus  en  pleine  parlement,  le  Roy  de 
I'aBBent  et  auctorite  suiadites  comanda  Boun  Chaunceller 
d'ent  {aire  lettres  patentes  desoutz  soun  grande  seal 
Bolonc  la  contenue  de  mesme  la  ceduU^  en  orerte  tes> 
nKHgnance  et  affEtrmance  de  sea  declaration  graute  et 
ordinance  afauntdits. 


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167 

for  ever;  —  without  let  or  binderance  from  us  or  oar 
heirs,  or  the  justices,  Bherifb,  escheators,  or  other  the 
bailifls  or  ministers  of  us  or  of  our  heirs  whomsoever.  Id 
witness  whra^of  we  have  caused  these  our  letters  to  be 
made  patent  Witness  ourself  at  Westminster,  on  the 
nineteenth  day  of  November  in  the  second  year  of  our 
reign. 

Which  words  being  read  in  full  parliament,  the  King 
by  and  with  the  assent  and  authority  aboveeaid  commanded 
hie  Chancellor  to  make  out  letters  patent  *  thereof  under 
his  great  seal,  according  to  the  contents  of  the  same 
schedule,  in  open  testimony  and  affirmation  of  his  de- 
claration, grant,  and  ordinance  abovesud. 

*  The  Ictlcre  patent  inrolled  on  the  Patent  RoD,  S  Hen.  0,  p.  3, 
m.  23,  bear  date  at  WeatminRtcr,  on  the  7th  daj  of  December. 


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Rotulus  Parliamenti  t«nti  spud  Westmonasterium  die  Lunn  proximo 
pOBt  Occab«s  Sancti  Uartini,  anno  regnl  R^ia  Henrici  Quinti  post  Con- 
qnestum  secundo. 

^TEM,  priont  les  CommuneB  que  pleise  a  noBtre 
S  tres  redoute   Seigniour   le  Roi,   par  avie  des 
w   Seigniours  eepirituelx  et  teniporelx,  en  ycest 
^  present  parlement   aseemblez,   d'ordeiner  que 
les  justices   du  pees  desore  en  avauot  affiurez  deinz  les 
countees    d'Eogleterre    solent  faitz   des    pluis    suffisantz 
persones,   par  avys    du   Cbaunceller    et  Conseill    nostre 
Seigoiour  le  Roi,  demurantz  deins  mesmes  les  counties, 
saunz  prendre  autres  persoues  demurantz  en  foreins  coun- 
teee  a  tiel  office  occnpier,  forspris  justices  de  les  assises, 
en  pleyn  accomplisBement  de  tout  droit   et  justice  deius 
mesmee  les   countees :    Savant   tout  foitz   que   les  chiefs 
seneschauL   nostre  Seigniour   le   Roi  des   terres  et  seig- 
niories del  ducbee  de  Lancastre  en  le  north   et  south 
parmy   Engleterre,  pur  le  temps  esteantz,  soient  justices 
de  la  pees  en  lour  offices  et  sessions  a  la  volunte  du  Roy. 
Respoi^sio. — Le    Roi   le   voet;    ovesque   ceo   que   les 
Seigniours  soient  nommez   eo   les   commisBioDB  des  jus- 
tices de  la  pees  come  ila  soleint  estre  nommez  par  devaunt. 


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Roll  of  the  Puluunent  boMen  tt  Wesdninster  on  the  Uoniky  next 
after  the  Octaves  of  Boint  Martin,  in  the  second  year  of  the  reign  of  King 
Henry  the  Fifth  after  the  Conquen. 

LSO,  the  Commons  pray  that  it  may  please  oar  ],^^": 
I  most  dread  Sovereign  Lord  the  King,  by  the  *■"■''■ 

advice  of  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal  in 
I  this  present  Parliament  assembled,  to  ordain 
that  the  justicea  of  the  peace  henceforth  to  be  made  in  juoaM  «t 
the  counties  of  England  be  made  from  the  moat  sufficient  ET^^JuMd 
persons  dwelling  in  the  same  counties,  by  the  advice  »umtin 
of  the  Chancellor  and  Council  of  our  Lord  the  Kin^  u>*M»Mi«, 
without   taking  other  persons  dwelling  in  foreign   coon- 
ties  to  occupy  such  office,  except  the  justices  of  assize,  g„q,tiDi- 
in  full  accomplishment  of  all  right  and  justice  io  the  ^    **" 
same  counties:    Saving  always  that  the  chief   stewards  Tt*ibi*r 
of  our  Lord   the   King  of  the   lands   and  lordships    of  HM^uhrar 
the  duchy  of  Lancaster  in  the  north  and  south  parts  Bonhud 
throughout  England,  for  the  time  being,  may  be  justices  J^JJT^' 
of  the  peace  in  their  offices  and  sessiona  at  the  King's 
pleasure. 

Answer.— The  King  wills  it;  so  that  the  Lords  be 
named  in  the  commissions  of  justicea  of  the  peac^  aa 
they  were  wont  to  be  named  before. 


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Harcii,  Bnno  regni  Regis  Henrici  Qninti  poet  Conquestum  tertio. 

De   DUCATU    LaNGASTRLK   ET   IF8IU8   BENESCALLIB. 

AIT  asaavoir  que  lee  CtMrnnimes  d'Engleterr^ 
assemblez  en  ceste  paxlement,  bullerent  une 
petitioa  en  meame  le  parlement,  en  la  founne 
q'eiiBuit ; 

Please  au  Roy  DOfltre  Seigniour  SoTerain,  de  Passent 
des  Seignloun  espirituelx  et  temporelx  et  de  lea  Com- 
munes  en  cest  present  parlement  aBsemblez,  par  au^ 
toritee  de  meeme  le  parlement,  d'acceptier,  approver,  ra- 
tifier,  granter,  et  confenner  voz  lettres  pateotea,  par  toub 
futz  et  grantez,  en  vostre  parlement  tenuz  a  Westmonastre 
I'an  de  vostre  regne  second,  touchantz  les  liberteea  cu»- 
tumes  et  frandusea  a  uaiers  ayoira  et  a  continuers  deinz 
voz  heritages  de  vostre  duche  de  Loncastre,  et  des 
comiteea  de  Hereford  Essex  et  Northampton,  et  aatres 
choses  comprises  en  les  dites  lettres,  solonc  I'effect  tenure 
et  purport  de  mesmes  les  lettres  en  due  forme,  adjoustantx 
et  en  outre  par  voz  lettres  ent  a  fairs  grantantz  pour  voos 
et  voz  beire,  de  Vassent  dee  ditz  Seigniours  et  Commuaes 
de  mesme  cest  parlement,  et  par  auctoritee  d'icele  parle* 
ment,  pour  vostre  grande  proffit  de  voz  heritages  suis- 
dit2  et  pour  la  meillour  governance  d'icellee,  et  en  con- 
flervation  et  eustentation  de  les  avant-dites  liberteee  et 
cuetumes  et  franchises,  les  clauses  et  paroles  qui  cy  en- 
sujent : 


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Roll  of  the  Pariiainent  holden  U  WeBtmisMer,  on  the  sixteenth  4*,j 
of  March,  in  the  third  jear  of  the  reign  of  King  Hemy  the  Fifth  after 
the  Conquest. 

Of  the  Ducht  of  Lancaster  and  its  Stewards. 

IE  it  known  that  the   CommonB  of  England,  ntiiiiv, 
in  this    Parliament    asBembled,    delivered    a  i.d.  ui«. 
petition  in  the  same  Parliament,  in  the  form 
which  fbllowB: 

May   it  please  our    Soverfflgn   Lend   the   King,   with   PMUoaot 
the  aaeetit  of  the  Lords  Sfnrituat  and  Temporal,  aod  of  ^^JjJIJ^^ 
the  Commons  in  this  present  Parliament  aaaembled,  by  ^il^j^S^ 
authority  of  the  same  Parliament,  to  accept,  approve,  Fuibunt 
ratify,  grant,  and  confirm  your  letters  patent  by  you  ih«.s. 
made   and  granted  in  your  Parliament  holden   at  West- 
minster in  the  second  year  of  yoor  reign,  touching  the 
liberties,  customs,  and  francfaiBes  to  he  used,  had,  and 
continued  in  yonr  heritages  of  your  duchy  of  Lancaster 
and  earldoms   of   Hereford,    Essex,   and    Northampton, 
and  other  things  comprised  in  the  said  lettera,  sccording 
to  tfae  eiket,  tenor,  and  purport  of  the  same  letters  hi  due 
form,  adding  and  moreover  by  yoiur  letters  thereof  to  be  «DtiiiucH- 
made   granting  for  you  and  your  heirs,  with  the  assent  ^^^J^*' 
of  the  said   Lords  and   Commons   of  this   same   Parlta^ 
ment,  and  by  the  authority  of  the  same  Parliament,  for 
your  great   profit   of  your   heritages   abovesaid,  and   for 
the  better  governance  of  the   same,  and  in  preservation 
and  mtuntensnce  of  the  aforesud   liberties   and  customs 


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Volentee  insuper,  da  assensu  dominorum  epiritualium  at 
btrnporalium  ac  commuaitatum  regni  nostri  AngliEe  in  prse- 
seoti  parliomento  Qostro  exiateDtiutn,  et  auctoritate  tjua~ 
dem  parliamenU,  concedentes  et  declaranteB,  pro  nobis  et 
beeredibus  noBtris,  quod  uterque  capitaliam  seoeBcallorum 
nostronim  ac  hferedum  et  aseignatorum  aostrorum  hseredi- 
tatum  nostramm  preedictarum,  pro  tempore  exiBtcDtium,  in 
singulis  comitatibua  dicti  regni  nostri  infra  ballivam  euam, 
vel  in  quibus  officium  suum  senescalcise  exercet,  sen  ex- 
ercere  debeat,  in  singulis  conunissionibus  custodum  pads 
ac  justitiarioruni  laboratorum  servientiuni  et  artificum 
necnon  justitiariorum  ad  diversa  felonias  tranagressiones 
et  malefocta  audienda  et  terminanda  assignatorum  exnunc 
feciendis,  de  tempore  in  tenipua  assignetur  et  nominetur, 
ultra  numerum  hujusmodi  cuatodum  et  justidarionim  juxta 
formam  statuti  inde  editi  prius  limitatorum,  statuto  pne- 
dicto  non  obstante.  Quodque  nuUee  donationes,  concea- 
siones,  pardonationes,  remissiones  vel  relaxationes,  quae 
dictas  hsereditates  nostras,  aut  bonoree,  castra,  maueria, 
terras,  tenementa,  redditus,  feoda,  advocationes,  libertates, 
et  francbesias  ad  easdem  bsereditates  nostras  qualitercunque 
perttnentia,  seu  aliquam  parcellam  eamndem,  aut  wardas, 
custodias,  maritagia,  releria,  exitus,  fines,  amerdamanta, 
proficua,  fit  commoditatos,  aut  officiarios  vel  ministroa 
nostros  seu  lueredum  vel  aasignatonim  aostrorum  bsBr&> 
ditatum  prsedictarum,  (sive  bonores,  castra,  manena,  terras, 
tenementa,  redditus,  feoda,  advocatjones,  libertates,  et  fran. 
cbesice  ilia  in  manibus  nostris  aut  dictomm  baeredum  vel 
assignatorum  noetrorum,  sive  in  manibus  aliorum  quorum- 
cunque  ex  concessione  sive  feoEbmento  nostri  aut  eorun- 
dem  hEeredum  vel  assignatorum  nostrorum  inde  facto  seu 
^iendo,  ad  terminum  vits  vel  annorum,  aut  in  feodo 
seu  alias  qualitercunque  ad  opus  nostrum  seu  bseredum 


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aiid  franchiseB,  the  clauses  and  wor^  which  hereinafter 
follow : 

Willing,  moreorer,  with  the  aseent  of  the  Lords  Spiritual  Th*  eiut 
and  Temporal,  and  of  the  Commons  of  our  realm  of  Eug-  *^?^ 
land  in  our  present  Porliameat  assemhled,  and  by  au-  J^iSSiJtai? 
thority  of  the   same   Parliament,   granting  and  declaring  «'"■■'■■^ 
for  us  and  our  heirs  that  each  of  the  chief  stewarda  of 
OS  and  our  heirs  and  assigns  of  our  heritages  aforeeud, 
for  the   time   heing,   in   every   the   counties  of  our  said 
realm  within  his  bfuliwick,  or  in  which  he  exercises  or 
ought  to  exerdse  his  office  of  steward,  shall  be  assigned 
and  nominated  from  time  to  time,  in  all  commiesions  here- 
after to  be  made  of  keepers  of  the  peace  and  justices,  of 
labourers,  servants,  and  artificers,  and  also  of  justices  as- 
^gned  to  bear  and  determine  divers  felonies,  trespasses, 
and  offences,  over  and  above  the  number  of  like  keepers 
and  justices  first  limited   according  to   the   form   of  the 
statute  thereof  passed,  the  aforesaid  statute  notwithstand- 
ing.    And  that  no  donations,  grants,  pardons,  remissioDs,   ns  pmi», 
or  releases,  which  concern,  or  in  any  case  aiiung  or  on  ingu» 
any  pretence  sought  can  concern,  our  sud  heritages,  or  Jf^^j^"» 
the  honors,  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  tents,  fees,  | 
advowsons,  liberties,  and  franchises  to  our  same  heritages  I 
in  any  wise  soever  pertunin^  or  any  parcel  thereof,  or  > 
the  wards,  wardships,   marriages,    reliefs,    issues,    fines,  • 
amercements,  profits  and  commodities,  or  the  officers  or 
ministers  of  us  or  our  assigns,  of  the  heritages  aforesaid, 
or  which  shall  happen  to  proceed  in  future  in  regard  to 
oar  said  heritages,  or  any  parcel  of  the  same,  or  in  the 
same  to  he  made  or  arise,  (whether  the  said  honors,  cas- 
tles,  manors,  lands,   tenements,   rents,    fees,   advowsons, 
liberties,  and  franchises  be  in  the  hands  of  us  or  of  our 
said  heirs  or  assigns,  or  in  the  hands  of  others  whom* 


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171 

vel  usignatorum  nostrorum,)  conoemunt,  aeu  aliquo  cuu 
emergente  aut  quovis  quaeeito  colore  coDcernere  poterunt, 
aut  de  dictis  heereditatibus  nostiia  aeu  aliqua  parcella 
earuDdem  in  future  emergere,  aut  in  eisdem  fieri  vel  oriri 
contigeriDt,  sub  aliquo  alio  eigillo  nostro,  bseredum  Tel 
asBignatorum  sostrorum  prsBdictorum,  magDO  vel  parrO) 
prseterquam  sub  Bigillo  ooBtro  pro  ducatu  pnedictt^  ut 
pr^mittitur,  ordinato  vel  ordiuando  dumtaxat,  exnunc 
facienda,  seu  quee  sub  aliquo  alio  sigillo  aliqualiter  ema- 
aare  contigerint  in  futuro,  valida  eint  aut  effectualia 
quoris  modo, — immo  caesa  irrita  et  inania  reputentur  et 
faabeantur  in  perpetuum. 

La  quelfl  petition,  lewe  overtement  en  cest  parlement, 
et  bien  entendu,  fuist  reepondu  en  la  manere  q'enauit: 
Le  Roy,  de  I'aBsent  des  Seigniours  eajnrituelx  et  tem- 
porelx  esteantiE  en  cest  parlement,  et  a  la  requeste  des 
CommuneB  avaunt  ditz,  le  voet  en  toutz  pointz. 


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171 

soever  by  grant  or  feoffinent  of  us  or  of  our  same  heirs 
or  assigns  thereof  made  or  to  be  made  for  term  of  life 
or  years,  or  in  fee,  or  otherwise  howsoever  to  the  behoof 
of  us  or  our  heirs  or  assigns,}  to  be  made  hereafter 
under  any  other  aeal  of  us,  our  heirs  or  assigns  afore* 
said,  great  or  small,  other  than  under  our  seal  orduued 
or  to  be  ordained  for  the  duchy  aforesaid  only,  as  is 
premised,  or  which  shall  in  future  happen  in  any  way  to 
emanate  under  any  other  sesl,  shall  be  valid  or  effectual 
in  auy  wise,— nay,  they  shall  be  held  and  reputed  null, 
void,  and  quashed  for  ever. 

The  which  petition,  being  openly  read  in  this  Parlia- 
ment and  well  understood,  was  answered  in  the  manner 
following :  The  King,  with  the  assent  of  the  Lords  Spi- 
ritual  and  Temporal  in  this  Parliament  assembled,  and  at 
the  request  of  the  Commons  aforesud,  wills  it  in  all  points. 


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BotuluB  Parliamenti  tenti  spud  WegtmonaBterium  eecundo  die  Mail, 
BJiDO  regni  Regis  Henrici  Quinti  post  Conquestum  dodo. 

La  purpartie  de  l'enueritance  Humprey  oe  Bobum 
JADIB  Count  de  Hereford  et  de  Essex. 

j3  EMORANDUM  quod  super  concordia  inter 
JQ  domiaum  Henricum  Regem  Anglue  Quin- 
J  turn  post  Conquestum,  filium  et  hseredem 
S  Mali»  uDius  filianim  et  hseredum  botise  me- 
morue  Humfridi  de  Bobun  nuper  comitis  Herefordise  Es- 
sexiee  et  Northamptonio;  ac  coDstabulaiii  Anglite,  et  Aonam 
filiam  et  hseredem  Alianorse  alterius  filiarum  et  baeredum 
ejusdem  nuper  comitis,  habita  ut  dicitur, — videlicet,  de 
eo  quod  ipsa  Anna  partitionem  legalem,  tarn  dictum  do- 
minum  Regem  quam  priefatam  Annam,  de  omnibus  et 
siugulis  castriB  maneriis  et  eorum  membris  cum  perti- 
neutUs,  necnon  de  bundredis  tenis  teneoteatis  marisds 
feodis  comitatuum  curiis  risibus  forestis  pards  boscis  et 
reversiouibuA  cum  pertinentiis  in  Aoglia  et  in  Wallia,  una 
cum  feodis  miUtum  et  advocationibus  eccleBianim  abba- 
tiarum  prioratuum  vicariarum  bospitalium  capellarum  et 
aliorum  beneficiorum  ecclesiasticorum  ac  allia  quibus- 
cunque  ad  prEcdicta  castra  maneria  terras  tenementa  et 
alias  poBsesaiones  vel  ad  aliquod  eorundem  quoquo  modo 
pertinentibus  appendentibus  sire  spectantibus,  de  quibus 
prsefatua  nuper  comes  avus  dictonim  domini  Re^  et 
Annse  fuit  sebitus  tarn  in  domiuico  quam  in  reTersione 
die  quo  obiit,  contjngentem,  in  duas  partes  sequales,  qusrum 
dictue  domiuus  Rex  eledionem  haberet,  faceret ; — prsefata 


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XXIII. 

Roll  of  the  PuliuneDt  holdeo  U  Westmituter  on  the  Mcond  tU;  of 
Msj,  in  the  aintb  year  of  the  leign  of  King  Henry  the  Fifth  »11«  the 
Conquest, 

The  partition  of  the  inheritance  of  Humphrey  de 
BoHtm,  LATE  Earl  of  Hebefobd  and  Essex, 

[^E  it  remembered,  tbat  upon  an  agreement  bad,  , 
is  said,  between  Lord  Henry  the  Fifth  after  * 
i  1^^  til  ^^  Conquest,  King  of  England,  son  and  heir 
^  of  Mary,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of 
Humphrey  de  Bohun  of  good  memory,  lata  Earl  of  Here- 
ford, Essex,  and  Northampton,  and  Constable  of  England» 
and  Anne  daughter  and  heir  of  Eleanor  another  of  tbe 
daughters  and  co-heirs  of  the  same  late  Earl, — to  wit,  that 
the  same  Anne  should  make  a  lawful  partition  into  two 
equal  parts,  touching  as  well  the  said  lord  the  King,  as  tbe 
aforesaid  Anne,  of  which  the  said  lord  the  King  should 
hare  his  choice,  of  all  and  wngulor  the  castles,  manors, 
and  their  members,  with  appurtenances,  as  also  of  the 
hundreds,  lands,  tenements,  marshes,  fees  of  counties, 
courts,  views,  forests,  parks,  woods,  and  reversions,  with 
their  appurtenancea  in  England  and  Wales,  together  with 
the  knights'  fees  and  advowsoDs  of  churches,  abbeys, 
priories,  vicarages,  hospitals,  chapels,  and  other  eccleu> 
astical  benefices,  and  other  things  whatsoever  in  any  manner 
pertaining,  appendent,  or  belonging  to  the  aforesaid  cas- 
tles, manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  other  possessions,  or 
to  any  of  the  same,  of  which  tbe  aforesaid  late  Earl, 
grandfather  of  the  said  lord  tbe  King  and  Anne,  was 
seised,  as  well  in  demesne  as  in  reversion,  on  tbe  day  on 


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178 

Anna  partitioaem  iode  (praeterquam  de  feodis  militum  et 
advocatioDibus  eccleaiarum  abbatiarum  prioratuum  vica- 
riarum  boBpitalium  capellanim  et  alionim  benfficionim  eo- 
cleBiaeticorum  de  haereditate  praadicta  in  grosso  existenti- 
buB,)  per  ipeam  factam,  virtute  coacordiffi  preedicts»  in 
duobus  Totalis  contentam,  «idem  domino  Regi  in  pne- 
senti  Farliamento  sedenti,  in  prsesentia  DomiDorum  Spi- 
ritualium  et  Temporalium  in  eodem  existentdum,  ut  idem 
dominus  R«x  propartem  suam  inde  virtute  ejuedem  con- 
cordie  eligeret,  optulit  et  liberavit  Super  quo  idem 
dominus  Rex,  habitie  de  et  super  rotulia  prsdictis  et 
contentis  in  eisdem  inspectione  et  aviaamento  pleniori, 
partem  illam,  quse  ad  propartem  suam  in  uno  rotulorum 
preadictorum  intitulatur,  et  quse  sic  incipit,  "  La  purpartie 
du  Roy,  fanprit  Feet  et  Avoetont  queux  stmt  en  ffroue,"' 
sibi  taoquam  haeredi  dictee  Marise  elegit,  videlicet,  omuia 
et  singula  castra  maneria  membra  hundreda  terras  ten&- 
menta  mariBcos  feoda  comitatuum  curias  visue  forestaa 
parcos  bosGOB  et  reversiones  priedicta,  cum  pertinentiis, 
una  cimi  feodis  et  advocationibue  ac  aliis  ad  eadem 
vel  ad  aliquod  eorundem  ut  pnemittitur  pertinentibua  ap- 
pendeotibus  sive  spectantibus,  in  parte  ilia  speci6cata, 
in  perpetuum ;  alteram  vero  partem  quse  ad  propartem 
prsefatse  Anufe  in  altero  dictorum  rotulorum  intitulatur, 
et  quae  sic  incipit,  "  La  purpartie  del  Dame  Aime  la 
Coimteste  de  Stafford,  forsprit  Fee»  et  Avoeeana  qaeux 
eOTit  en  ffroste^  eidem  Annce  tanquam  bseredi  preebtse 
Alianone  reliquit,  videlicet,  omnia  et  dngula  castra  ma- 
neria membra  bundreda  terras  tenementa  mariacos  feoda 
comitatuum  curias  visus  forestaa  parcos  boscos  et  re- 
vereiones  preedicta,  cum  pertineutiia,  una  cum  feodis  et 
advocationibus  ac  aliia  ad  eadem  vel  ad  aliquod  eorun- 
dem ut  prsedictum  est  pertiuentibus  appendentibus  sive 


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17S 

.  which  he  died ; — the  aforesaid  Anne  offered  and  delivered 
the  partitioD  made  thereof  by  berBelf  in  virtue  of  the  afore- 
said agreement,  contained  in  two  toIIb,  (except  of  the 
knights'  fees,  and  advowsons  of  churches,  abbeys,  priories, 
vicarages,  hospitals,  chapels,  and  other  ecclesiastical  he- 
nefices,  being  of  the  aforesud  inheritance  in  gross.)  to  the 
same  lord  the  King  ntting  in  the  present  Parliament,  in  the 
presence  of  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal  being  in  the 
same,  that  the  same  Lord  the  King  might  choose  his  pur- 
party  thereof  by  virtue  of  the  same  agreement.  Whereupon 
the  same  lord  the  King,  very  full  inspection  of  and  advice 
respecting  the  rolls  aforesud  and  their  contents  having  been 
had,  chose  to  himself  for  ever,  as  heir  of  the  said  Mary, 
that  part  which  is  ascribed  to  his  purparty  in  one  of  the 
aforesaid  rolls,  and  which  thus  be^ns,  "  T^  purparfy 
of  the  King,  excepting  the  Fee»  and  Advowtont  which  are 
in  grou,^  to  wit,  all  and  ungular  the  castles,  manors, 
members,  hundreds,  Unds,  tenements,  marshes,  fees  of 
counties,  courts,  views,  forests,  parks,  woods,  and  rever- 
sions aforesaid,  with  their  appurtenances,  together  with 
the  fees  and  advowsons  and  other  things  pertuning,  ap- 
pendent  or  belonging  to  the  same,  or  to  any  of  the  sam^ 
as  is  aforesud,  specified  in  that  part ;  and  the  odier  part, 
which  is  ascribed  to  the  purparty  of  the  aforesaid  Anne 
in  the  other  of  the  sud  rolls,  and  which  begins  thus, 
"  JTu  purparty  of  the  Ijady  Anne  CouiUeu  of  Stafford, 
except  the  Fee»  and  Advowtoru  which  are  in  grou^  he 
left  to  the  same  Anne  for  ever,  as  heir  of  the  aforesaid 
Eleanor,  to  wit,  all  and  singular  the  castles,  manors, 
members,  hundreds,  lands,  tenements,  marshes,  fees  of 
counties,  courts,  views,  forests,  parks,  woods,  and  rever- 
sions aforesaid,  with  their  appurtenances,  together  with 
the  fees  and  advowsons,  and  other  things  pertaining,  ap- 


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174 

spectantibue,  in  parte  ilia  aibi  sic  intitulata  specificatat 
in  perpetuutn ;  —  feodis  et  advocationibuB  prsedictis,  sic 
in  grosso  existectibuB,  in  manibus  ipsius  domini  Regis  re- 
manentibust  prcesenti  partitione  non  obstante,  quousque  le- 
galiB  partitio  de  eisdem  per  prsefatam  Annam  in  duas  partes 
tequales,  quarum  elecdo  cedet  eidem  domino  Regi  in  fbnna 
pnedicta,  fiat  Qui  quidem  duo  rotuli  dorso  prsesentis 
rotuli  hujuB  Parliamenti  sunt  consuti,  et  quorum  tenor 
seqmtur  ut  patet  bic  infeiius.  Et  poetea,  veniente  dicta  ci^ 
mitissa  Staffordiee  coram  dicto  domino  Rege,  in  ipso  eodem 
Parliameoto  sedente,  &tebatuT  ibidem  pnedicta  comitiasa, 
in  prsesentia  Dominorum  preedictorum,  quod  manerium 
de  Amalfl  in  comitatu  NotJnghamiffi,  in  proparte  ejusdem 
domini  Regis  per  ipsam  sic  fikcta  specificatum,  fuit  a  diu 
perantea  per  dominam  Alianoram  nuper  ducissam  Glou- 
cestriffi,  matrem  ejusdem  comitisBae.  aJieoatum  in  feodo, 
et  per  eandem  comitissam  alienatio  ilia  extitit  confirmata ; 
idem  domiDua  Rex  super  hoc  dixit  quod  eadem  comitissa 
tunc  omnino  satisfacere  oporteret  teuenti  diet!  manerii  de 
Aniale»  »c  quod  dictus  dominus  Rex  illud  obtinere  poeset 
tarn  tramite  conecientiae  quam  ratione  juris  bsreditarii, 
juxta  formam  et  effectum  propartis  euee  praedictse,  aut 
quod  praefata  comitissa  eidem  domino  Regi  pro  dicto  ma- 
nerio  de  Amale  debitam  in  bac  parte  foceret  recompen- 
sationem.    Ad  quod  praedicta  comitissa  ibidem  tunc  con- 


La  furpartib  db  Roy,  fobsfbis  lbs  Fees  bt  AvoseoNS  qckcx 

BOM   BIT    OBOOS    HIBNT  AFPUllTBNANTZ   OH   APFBHDANTZ   A   LES 
F0BSXB8I0NS  BOUIZ  BBCBIPTZ  : 

EsSEX\ 

U  manoir  de  Waldene,     j"'™*^  "*•  '"^-l  un  park. 


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174 

pendent,  or  belonging  to  the  same,  or  to  any  of  the 
sam^  as  is  aforeBaid,  specified  in  that  part  bo  ascribed 
to  her; — the  fees  and  advowsoos  aforesaid,  eo  being  id 
gross,  remaining  in  the  bands  of  the  same  lord  the  King, 
notwithstanding  the  present  partition,  until  «  lawful  par^ 
tition  of  the  same  into  two  equal  parts  be  made  by  the 
aforesaid  Anne,  the  choice  of  which  shall  Ml  to  the 
same  lord  the  King  in  form  aforesaid.  Which  two  rolls 
are  stitched  to  the  back  of  the  present  roll  of  this  Par* 
liament,  and  the  tenor  of  which  follows  as  appears  here 
below.  And,  afterwards,  the  said  Countess  of  Stafibrd 
coming  before  the  sud  lord  the  King,  he  sitting  in  the 
same  Farliainent,  the  eaid  Countess  there  confessed,  in 
the  presence  of  the  aforesud  lords,  that  the  manor  of 
Arnold  in  the  county  of  Nottingham,  specified  in  the 
purparty  so  made  by  faer  of  the  same  lord  the  King, 
was  long  ago  alienated  in  fee  ^by  Lady  Eleanor  late 
DudiesB  of  Gloucester,  mother  of  the  same  Countess,  and 
that  that  alienation  was  confirmed  by  the  same  Countess; 
the  same  lord  the  King  hereupon  sud  that  the  same 
Countess  ought  then  thoroughly  to  satisfy  the  tenant  of 
the  said  manor  of  Arnold,  so  that  the  said  lord  the  King 
might  obtain  it  as  well  in  the  way  of  conscience,  as  by 
reason  of  hereditary  right,  according  to  the  form  and 
effect  of  his  aforesaid  purparty,  or  that  the  aforesaid 
Countess  should  make  recompense  due  in  this  respect 
imto  the  same  lord  the  King  for  the  said  manor  of  Arnold. 
To  which  the  aforeeud  Countess  then  there  consented. 

The  fubpabty  op  thx  Kino,  kxcbpt  ths  Fsbs  and  Advow- 
bons  which  abb  in  obosa,  noi  affvbtbiant  ob  apfbndkkt 
to  thk  fosbbbsionb  nndbbwbiiibn  : — 

Essex.  £.   t.  d. 

The  manor  of  Walden,  72    2    Si     a  park. 


...Googk 


Le  manoir  de  Depden,         xxxiti.  xi  s.  ob.        un  boys. 

.     ,    ^        ,  ( xilt.  jmA  ob.    I         , 

Le  manoir  de  Quesden,    -{  .  >  "°  ooya. 

r  deux  boye,  et 
Le  maDoir  de  LiegheB,         xxiti.xis.iid.ob.  i  orove 

Le  manoir  de  Dunmowe,      3i:xxiiiiti.Tiiis.vd.  i       ™    ' 
{     UD  boys. 

Leinanoir[de]Ma8shebury,  xiii^.  xixs.  uid.       un  boys. 

Le  manoir  de  Badewe,         xxxiuH.  va.  viiiS.  J        ™    ' 
I      groves. 
Le  cbastell  et  manoir  de  1       ^        ^  , 

Plecy,  )-ovi8.viii3.  un  park. 

Le     manoir    de     HieghKti_  un  park. 

Estre,  J 

Le  manoir  de  Waltbam,        lK.  deux  parkes. 

Le  manoir  de  Wikes,  xxviti.xiii5.iin A     un  park. 

Le  manoir  de  Shenefeld,      xxiiti. 
Le  viewe  de  Chiafaull,  miS. 

La  court  de  I'honour  de)       ,. 

T,.      .    T,  >    llllll. 

Hiegh  Estre,  J 

Le  manoir  de  Famham,        xixti. 
Le  fee  del  countee  d'Es-l  ^^^^  ^^  ^g_ 

eex,  > 

La  somme,  Gcccxxxvtu  xiiiis.  id.  q'". 

Midd'. 

I  un  chace,  et 
1*  manoir  de  Enefeld,         XLiiK.xd.ob.q". -t      y^  park. 

Le     tenement    appetlezi       >.      ~     ^ 
^^  ,  >  iiiin.  xiB.  va, 

Hakenoys,  / 

London'. 
BlauncbappultoD,  lxvis.  viiid. 


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The  manor  of  Depden, 
The  msDOT  of  Quendon, 

The  manor  of  Leigbs, 

The  manor  of  Dunmow, 
The  manor  of  Mashbury, 
The  manor  of  Baddow, 

The  castle  and  manor  of  \ 
Plesbej,  / 

Themanor  of  High  Easter, 
The  manor  of  Waltham, 
The  manor  of  Wickes, 
The  manor  of  S  hen  E  eld, 
The  view  of  Chishall, 
The  court   of  the  honor  i 
of  High  Easter,  f 

The  manor  of  Famham, 
The  fee  of  the  county  of  t 
Essex,  J 

The  sum, 


£.   s.    d. 

81  }1     Oi     a  wood. 

11     1     4}     a  wood. 

2111  jj/"»;»"''. 

I     and  a  grove, 
a  park,  and  a 

wood, 
a  wood, 
a  park,  two 
groves. 
5    6    8       a  park. 


84'    8 

13  19 
88     5 


&6  18 
32     0 


19     0    0 
40  10  10 


iU  14     11 


a  park, 
two  parks, 
a  park. 


MinDLESEX. 

The  manor  of  Enfield, 
The      tenement      called  , 
"  Hakenoys,"                 / 

42    0  103 
4  11     5 

London. 
Blauncbappulton, 

8     6     8 

( a  chace,  and  a 
I      park. 


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Hertford*. 
La  court  de  Hertford  ore  1        „       « 

le  Tiewe  de  Hoddesdon,  > 
Tout  le  manoir  de  Notb-1       ^. 

ampstede,  X 

Cahtebb*. 
Le  viewe  de  Ssustou,  r  s, 

NOBFP'. 

Le  manoir  de  Fulmodes- 
ton. 


1  boys. 


I  xza  II 


Nicole. 
Le  nuuoir  de  Longebe-i  ..        »        ^ 

>   LXXllIl.XVI8.TIIia. 

nyngtoD,  I 

OXGNTORD*. 

Le  man<nr  de  Haseleet  xti. 

Lemanoirde  Kirtljugton,  xiiiti.  no.  Titi^.      un  boys. 

Le  manoir  de  Dadyngton,  xmti.  ris.  viiid. 

Le  manoir  de  Periton,  xvift.  xiiis.  mid.     un  boys. 

L'entiermanoirdeABOote,  xiiiiK.xiiis.iiiid.    un  boys. 

WiLTBS'. 

he  manoir  de  Up  Haven,     xxntt  xuis.  mid. 
I^e    viewe 

Haven,  J 

La  court  de  Monkfarley,     xnia.  iiiict. 

{un  park,  et 
deux  forans 
boys. 


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176 

Hertford.  j^. 

Hie  court  of  Hertford,  . 

with  the  view  of  Hod-  i         o 


All   the  manor  of  Nut- 
huDpstead,  J       IS    0    0       a  wood. 

Cambridoe. 
The  view  of  Sawston,  0     5    0 

Norfolk. 
The  manor  of  Fulmodes-  i 

ton,  }       20     4    8 

Lincoln. 
The  manor  of  Ix>ng  Ben-  t       to  ia    s 
nington,  / 

OXFOBD. 

The  manor  of  Haseley,  10  0  0 

The  manor  of  Kirtlington,  IS  6  8       a  wood. 

The  manor  of  Dedding-  i  i «  «  o 

ton,  / 

The  manor  of  Pirton,  16  IS  4       a  wood. 

The  entire  manor  of  Ab-  .  ^^  ^^  ^       ^  ^^^ 

cott,  t 

Wiltshire. 

Hie  manor  of  Uphaven,  26  IS  4 

The  view  of  Netherhaven,  0     6  8 

The   court  of    Monkton  \  n  ll  4 

Farley,  /  ,a    park,    and 

TTie  manor  of  Oaksey,  45  10  8    <      two  foreign 
'      woods. 

S   A 


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Le  manoir  de  Elmesete,)  xxxviiiti.  xiiii.     l 

ove  SomerBham,  '      vid.  ob.  i  '^ 

Le  manoir  de  Ofton,  zvti.  xiis.  ob. 


NOTYNGHAM. 

Le  manoir  de  Aniale,  viti.  ud  boys. 

Memorandum  quod  maneriuin  de  Bouthun  cdid  pcrtincDtiis  in  co- 
mitatu  Oloiiccstrin,  id  proparte  comitissn  Staffordite  Epecificatum,  loco 
jatius  msnerii  de  Arnsle  cancellati  eo  quod  idein  mKnerium  de  Arnsle 
Blienatuiu  fuit  in  feodo  per  dorainam  Alianoram  nuper  duciasam  Olou- 
cestris  mAtrem  cjusdem  comitisen  Staffbrdi»,  et  per  ipsam  comitissam 
BJienatio  ipsa  eat  confirmata,  ut  snperius  btebatur,  ptoparti  dicti  domini 
Regis  per  candem  coinitissam  assignatur,  in  prrasentia  domini  Cancel- 
larii  Aoglite  ac  dominorum  Concilii  ipsius  domini  Regis ;  quod  quidem 
manerium  de  Southam  iidem  CancellariuB  et  doiniai  virtute  potestatis 
'eis  auctoritate  preaseDtis  Parliamenti,  prout  in  fine  ciuusdam  acti  hie 
iiiferius  inaerti  et  quod  gic  iucipit  "  Le  R^  wet  par  auclorite  du 
cate  pment  Farlemenl "  continetur,  in  hac  pane  attribuUe  et  com- 
missst  decreverunt  eidem  domino  Rep  et  hnrcdIbuB  Guis,  loco  dicti 
manerii  de  Amale,  remanaanim  sub  forma  qua  idem  manerium  de 
Arnalc  eibi  peqirius  assignabatur. 


_  ■    J    TIT         1.       (  LXTiiiti.  vid.  ob.l 

Le  manoir  de  Wycombe,  -J        „.  \  einq  boy». 


Le  manoir  de  Croodon,         xxiiiiti.  xs. 
Un  tenement  ore  certeine  I      i- 
terres  in  Westcote,       > 

Berk'. 
Le    mmoir   de   Uplm-l  ,„,„„  ,,,  (deux  boys, 

bourne,  )  ^  deux  groves. 

Le  manoir  de  Speene,  viiiti.  xiiis.  iiin1.     un  boys. 

Le  manoir  de  Henton,         xxvili.  xiiis. niid. 


^d  by  Google 


Suffolk. 

£.    1 

d. 

The    manor  of   Elmsct, 

} 

38  13 

H 

The  manor  of  OSlon, 

1«  12 

oj 

NOTTINOHAM. 

The  manor  of  Arnold, 

6     0 

0 

a  wood.  Q 

Dc  it  remembered  that  the  manor  of  Southani  vith  its  appurtenances 
in  the  comitj  of  OlouccBtcr,  specified  in  the  purpart;'  of  the  CounteM 
of  Stafibrd,  ii  OBStgncd  to  the  purparty  of  the  said  lord  the  King  by  the 
Raid  Countess  in  the  presence  of  the  Lord  Chancellor  of  England  and  of 
the  Lords  of  the  Council  of  the  same  lord  the  King,  in  lieu  of  that 
manor  of  Arnold  cancelled  because  the  same  manor  of  Arnold  was 
alienated  in  fee  by  the  Lady  Eleanor  late  Duchess  of  Gloucester, 
mother  of  the  same  Countess  of  Stafford,  and  the  same  alienation 
has  been  confirmed  by  the  same  Countess,  as  she  confessed  above ; 
which  manor  of  Southam  the  same  Chancellor  and  Lords,  by  virtue 
of  the  power  given  and  committed  to  them  on  this  behalf  by  au- 
thority of  the  present  Parliament,  as  is  contained  in  the  conclusion  of 
a  certain  act  inserted  here  below,  and  which  begins  thus,  "  The  King 
teiUt, bt/  the  authority  of  tki* praent  Parliammt"  decreed  to  remain  to 
the  game  lord  the  King  and  his  heirs,  in  lieu  of  the  said  manor  of 
Arnold,  under  the  form  by  which  the  saroe  manor  of  Arnold  was  before 


BUCKINQUAHSHIKE. 
The  manor  of  Wycombe, 
The  manor  of  Crendon, 
A  tenement  with  certain  y 
lands  in  Westcott,  J 


£.  t.  d. 
68  0  6J 
24  10     0 


five  woods. 


Berkshire. 

Tte    manor    of    Upper  ,  j- two  woods,  two 

Lamboum^                     f  M      groVee. 

The  manor  of  Speen,  8  18    4       a  wood. 

The  manor  of  Henton,  26  IS     4 


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178 

WlLTES'. 

Le  manoir  de  Pole,  xsiiiti.  viiii.  ixd.     deux  boys. 

Le  m*Doir  de  Manyng-l  i-        ~       ^ 

,    ,  r  xxviiti.vins.  ixa. 

ford,  J 

Gales. 
Le  chaatell  et  manoir  de^ 

Caldecote,  et  NewtonJ  xxviti-xiiis-iiiid. 
ove  tea  membrea,  ^ 

SuRR*. 
I^  manoir  de  Walton,  xxvttu  ud  boys. 

Gloocestr', 

Le    manoir  de   Whiten- 1         »■        ~  . 

y  xxin.  viia.  un  boys, 

burst,  I  ^ 

DORBEI*. 

Les  terres  et  tenements  \ 
en  Gwyssicb, 


h  Viti.  xtiis.  mid.  variat  us, 


Hereford. 
La  reversion  del  i 
de  Yerkehull,  le  quell  |  y,ti.  x,„s.  „„a. 
William    Rasyn    tient  f 

pur  terme  de  vie,  /  «"'  parkea, 

I    une  chace, 
La  somme  totale       «cti.  ixa.  <    vingt  sis  boys 

/    foreins,  cinq 
V   groves. 
Ove  toutz  maners  fees  et  avouesons  et  autres  chosee  qe- 
conqes  as  ditz  chastelles,  manoirs,  terres,  tenements,  et 
autres  possesaiona,  ou  a  aecun  d'eus,  en  ascuD  mAnere 
appurtenauntz  appendantz  ou  regardantz. 


^d  by  Google 


Wiltshire. 
The  manor  of  Pootei 
The  manor  of  Manning-  i 
ford,  ; 

Wales. 
The  castle  and  manor  of  \ 
Caldicot,  and  Newton,  V 
with  the  members,         ' 

SURRICY. 

The  manor  of  Walton, 

Gloucester. 
The  manor  of  Wheaten-  i 
hurst,  / 

Dorset. 
The  lands  and  tenements  . 
in  Gusgage,  f 

Hereford. 
The  reversion  of  the 
manor  of  Yarkhill, 
which  William  Rasyn 
holds  for  the  term  of 
his  life, 


26  13     4 


6  18     4 


a  wood. 


21     7    0       a  wood. 


13     4        variation  2 


The  sum  total,      UOO 


/  ten  parks,  one 

L    chace,  twen> 

<    ty-six  foreign 

/    woods,     five 

\    groves. 

With  all  manors,  fees,  and  advowsons,  and  other  things 

whatsoever  in  anywise  appurtenant  to,  appendant  on,  or 

respecting  the  sud  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  aixl 

other  possesuoQB,  or  any  of  them. 


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179 

Li  puBPASTtK  DKL  Dams  Ahitb  la  Countubb  ob  SrAproKD, 
pobsfbis  lbs  fbe8  et  av0cks0n8  queux  bomt  kh  okoos  niekt 
afpubtenantz  ou  afpbhdaniz  a  lss  possbssioks  boutz 
escbiptz: 

Gales. 

Lee  chflBtell  et  manoir  de^  u       ~ 

Brekenok,      ».e      lesf  ""^"^'l  '"•   }  »» &"«««■ 

membres,  ^ 

LeB  ch&Btell  et  manoir  de  i      ^ 

Hay,  OTe  lea  raembreB,  J 
Lea  chastell  et  manoir  de )  f  un  park» 

Huntyngdon,  J  ''*''""•  \    deux  boys. 

La  somme,  cgclzxuK.  vis.  tiu^ 

Gloucestr*. 
Le  manoir  de  Plaresfeld,  -. 

o*e  lea  membres,  }  ^""^  "°  P*'*^ 

La  court  de  ITionur  dcj 

Hereford  tenuz  a  Glou-  >  x  ». 

cestre»  ' 

Le   manoir    de    Newen-  \ 

ham,  ove  lea  appurte-^  xLs. 

nances,  * 

Le  manoir  de  Southam,        xxti.  deux  boys. 

Hcmoranduin  quod  iatud  nituicriuiti  de  Southam  hie  cancellatur  eo 
quod  maneriuiii  de.  Amalc  in  comitatu  Nottnghamin  in  pToparte  do- 
mini  Ri^B  EpecificatiuD,  alienatum  fuit  in  feodo  per  doiniDtin  Alie- 
noram  nupcr  ducissam  Qloucestrice  rnatrcm  ejuadem  comitisss  Staffordin, 
et  per  ipsam  comitisBam  alienatio  ipsa  est  confirmata,  ut  superiua  &tebatur, 
et  loco  dicti  maneril  de  Arnale  est  pnedictmn  manerium  dc  Southam 
proparti  dicti  domini  Repe  pei  eandem  comitisEam  asaigtiatum  in  pne- 
sentia  domini  Cancellarii  Anglim  ac  dominorum  Concilii  ipsius  domiiii 
Regis  et  per  ipsos  virtute  potestatia  eis  auctoritale  preefeDtis  Parliamenti, 
prout  in  fine  cigtudam  acti  hie  inferine  ineerti  et  quod  sic  incipit  "  Le 
Roy  voet  par  auclorite  de  cute  prttenl  Parkmtnt "  continetui,  in  hao 


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Thb  pubpabtt  of  Lady  Arits  CouKTsn  op  SiAproBD,  bxckpt 

THE   FSBB  AND  AdVOWMNB  WHICH   ARB   IH  OBOSS,  NOT   APPDR- 
TBNAirr  OB  APPBNDBNI   TO  THB  F0S8B8S10NS   UNSBBWailTBN: 

Waxes. 

The  castle  and  manor  of  \ 

Brecknock,    with    the  f    ^^^    *    ^       *  fo™at. 

members. 
The  castle  and  manor  of  ) 

Hay,  with  the 

hers, 
The  castle  and  manor  of  i  i  a    park,    two 

Huntington.  /       «8     0     0    (      ^^^ 

The  sum,  3T2     6     8 

Gloucester. 
The  manor  of  Haresfield,  i 

wiUithemeinber^         }      »    »    »       »P"t 
The  court  of  the  honor  \ 

of  Hereford    held    at  >        0  10    0 

GIoDcester,  f 

He  manor  of  Newobam,  \ 

with  the  appurtenances,  J 
The  manor  of  Southam,  20    0    0       two  woods.       ^ 

Be  it  remembered  that  this  manor  of  Southsm  ia  here  caneelled 
bccauK  the  manor  of  Arnold  in  the  conntj  of  Nottingham,  specified 
in  the  piuputy  of  the  lord  the  King,  was  alienated  in  fee  by  Ladf 
Eleanor  late  Duehcsa  of  Oloaccetcr,  mother  of  the  same  ComitcM  of 

Stafford,  and  the  alienation  itself  was  confirmed  by  the  tune  Countess, 
BE  ahe  confessed  above ;  and  the  aforesaid  manor  of  Southam  has  been 
o^Bigncd  by  the  same  Countess  to  the  porpart;  of  the  laid  lord  the  King, 
in  lieu  of  the  said  monoi  of  Arnold,  in  presence  of  the  Lord  Chancellor 
□f  England  and  of  the  Lords  of  the  Council  of  the  same  lord  the  King, 
and  by  them,  by  virtue  of  the  power  given  and  committed  to  them  on  this 
behalf  by  the  authority  of  the  present  Parliament,  as  is  contained  in  the 
conclusion  of  a  certain  act  inserted  here  below,  and  which  begins  thus, 


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parte  Utributee  et  comtiii«Bn  dictum  raancrium  ie  Bouthsm  damino  Regi 
et  luaredibua   suIb  dccrctum  fuit  rcmauBurum,  loco   dicti   minerii    de 


Hereford. 
Le  fee  del  countee 
Hereford, 


countee  de  Hereford,     ' 


NOBTHI'. 

Le   fee  del  coontee  de 


XX  ti. 


_  .    1    T^      .  ,       (  xxilL  xiius.  ixa.  I  un  park. 

X^  iDanoir  de  KaeBhal^    Ik  f 


Kent. 

La  moite  de  certeins  te- 
nements en  West  Gren-f  xxd. 
wych, 

La  Homme,  Lxiiti.  xiiiis.  id.  6b. 


deux  boys. 


Essex.  un  forest, 

T  ■    J    T»    ,.:.        (  imiti- "lis.  Tiid.  I     unpark, 

Le  manoir  de  Hatfeld,       <         ^  ;     uu  po    , 

I      OB-  I     septfo- 

Le    manoir  de  Halyng- j  reins  boys. 

.  i  xxviiti.  xiiis.niid.  un  park. 

^  deux  parkes, 
Le  manoir  de  Wrytell,         «SviiK.  xixs.       <    un  totem 

(.   boys. 
Le  manoir  deChiggenhale     xti.  ins.  ixd.  un  boys. 


i  by  Google 


'*  TV  King  teiUt,  by  the  aatkorily  ofthi*  prtient  Parliament,"  the  said 
manor  of  Southam  has  been  decreed  to  rciuain  to  the  lord  the  King  and 
his  heirs  in  lieu  of  the  said  niunoT  of  Arnold. 

£.      M.      d. 

The  sum,  42  10    0 


20     0     0 
0  17     8 


HsnEFOBD. 

The  fee  of  the  county  of  i 

Hereford,  J 

The  five  hundreds  in  the  \ 

county  of  Hereford,        ) 

NORTBAMPTON. 

The  fee  of  the  county  of  1       20    0    0 
Northampton,  ' 

Nottingham.  ,     . 

( a  nark,  two 
The  manor  of  Kneeaal,  21   14     9i  ]     *^    ^ 


woods. 


Kent. 
The  moiety  of  certun  t«-  \ 
nementsinWeatGreen-  \        0    18 
wich»  ■' 

The  sum.  62  14     U 

Essex. 


{a  forest,  a 
park,  seven 
foreign 

The  manor   of  Hailing-  .        27  13     4       «  park. 

The  manor  of  Writtle,  87  19    0    i  '^  P*"''''  ""* 

I    foreign  wood. 

The  manor  of  Chignal,  10     3     9        a  wood. 


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181 

Le  maiuHr  de  Ramesdeii,  xiiitti.  ixi.              un  park. 

Le  manoir  de  Est  Lee,  viH.  xiiis.  iitiil 

Le  manoir  de  Wakerynf^  miViK-  yul.  vet.       un  boys. 

Le  mareya  de  Polmerssb,  xiiitL  viS.  vuid. 

Le  manoir  de  Southor[s  xxiiti. 

Le  manoir  de  Hajdon,  ci. 

Le  mancnr  de  Fobbyng,  xuiiH.  xiiiil.  t<J.  ob. 

Le  manoir  de  Norton,  xxiuiti. 

LemareyBdeBermuerasb,  xxti. 

La  somme,  ccccxLiiti.xi8.  viid. 

HtlKTYNGDON. 

Lemanoirde  Kymbalton,  ,  cxxviti.  ill.            f  «mchac^un 

ove  lea  membree,           /  xid.ob.               J    park,  ud 


boys, 
aisboys. 


BUK. 

Le  maocnr  de  AmondeB-  i 
ham, 

,  LxiiiK.  Tills,  xid.      t  tin  park, 
LeiminoirdoSei.de,        j      „,^„  j   ^^^^^ 

Le  manoir  de  Stratton,         xiti.  xs.  vid.  ob.  q". 
Le  manoir  de  Wyleeford,     xxxiiiti. 

La  somme,  ccmiiiK.  xvs.  xd. 

yrdeux  fo- 
restee,  dix 

"il'a.'ob. 1  P'''^«h<"«' 

I    cfaace,  dix- 
V  huitboys. 
Ove  toutz  manere  fees  et  avouesona  et  autres  cboses  que- 
conqes  as  ditz   cbaBtells,    manoirs,   terres,   tenements, 
et  autres  possessions,  ou   a  ascun   de   eux,   en   ascun 
manere  appurteoautz,  appeudantz  ou  regardantz. 


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The  manor  of  Raingden, 

14 

9 

0 

a  park. 

The  manor  of  East  Lee, 

6 

18 

4 

The  manor  of  Wakeriog, 

8e 

7 

« 

a  wood. 

Hie  marsh  of  Pelmarsfa, 

13 

6 

8 

The  manor  of  Southorp, 

28 

0 

0 

The  manor  of  Haydon, 

5 

0 

0 

The  manor  of  Fobbing, 

43 

14 

H 

The  manor  of  Norton, 

24 

0 

0 

The  mareh  of  Burmarab, 

SO 

0 

0 

The  sum, 

442 

11 

7 

HuttTlHOOON. 

The  manor  of  Kimbolton,  1 
with  the  members,          ' 

126 

2 

lU 

f  achace,apark, 
\     a  wood. 

BUCKIHOHAHSHIRE. 

The  manor  Of  Agmondea-  ) 
ham,                             1 

48 

13 

4 

six  woods. 

Wiltshire. 

The  manor  of  Seend, 

63 

8 

llj 

aparl[,awoad. 

The  manor  of  Stiattoo, 

11 

10 

61 

The  manor  of  Wilafon], 

S3 

0 

0 

The  sum, 

282 

15 

10 

1 

1  two  foreeta, 
k     ten  parliB, 

The  sum  total. 

1202 

18 

2J 

)    one  chace, 

eighteen 
I    woods. 
With  all  manors,  fees,  and  adrowsons,  and  other  thioga 
whatsoever  in  any  manner  appurtenant  to^  appendant  (Hi, 
or  respecting  the  said  caatlee,  manors,  lands,  tenements* 
and  other  posseesioDs,  or  any  of  them. 


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FAIT  a  remembrer  que  ToDUTable  dame  Dame  Anne 
I-  Counteese  de  Stafford,  file  a  Alianore  une  dee  files  et 
heirs  del  bone  metnorie  Humfrey  de  Bohun  jadia  Count 
de  Hereford,  bailla  au  Roi  nostre  soveraiii  Seigniour  en 
ceBte  Parlement  une  Buppltcation  doot  le  tenure  cy  ensuit — 
A  noBtre  trea  soveraiu  aeigniour  le  Roi  eupplie  tres  bum- 
blement  Anne  Countesse  de  Stafford,  qe  come  vous,  trea 
BoveraiQ  seigniour,  ore  tarde  suistea  en  vostre  Chauncerie 
d'Engleterre  envers  la  dite  suppliante,  par  voetre  brief  de 
sore  facia»,  pur  reformer  la  purpartie  fut  en  la  Cbauncerie 
Seigniour  Richard  nadgairs  Roi  d'Eugleterr^  par  entre 
la  tree  oobte  dame  Dame  Marie  vostre  miere,  que  Dieu 
aaaoile,  une  dee  files  et  heirs  Humfrey  de  Bohun  nadgura 
Count  de  Hereford,  et  Alianore  miere  de  dite  suppliante 
I'autre  des  files  et  heirs  du  dit  nadgairs  Count,  des  chastell 
et  manoir  de  Plessitz,  del  mauoir  de  Haut  Estre,  del  manoir 
de  Waltham,  del  manoir  de  Wyhes,  del  viewe  de  franc- 
ple^e  de  Chisbull,  del  manoir  de  Sbenefeld,  de  la  court 
de  I'bonure  de  Haut  Estre,  del  fee  de  countee  d'Essex,  del 
manoir  de  Famham,  en  le  countee  d'Eesex, — de  la  court 
de  Hertford,  del  viewe  de  franc-plegge  de  Hoddesdon,  en 
le  counte  de  Hertford,— del  manoir  de  Whitenhurst  en  le 
countee  de  Glouciestre,  —  del  chastell  de  Huntyngdon  ove 
ses  membres,  del  chastell  de  Caldecote  et  Neweton  ove  aes 
membres,  el  Marche  de  Gales, — del  manoir  de  Longebe- 
nyngtOD  en  le  countee  de  Nicole,— del  manoir  de  Knes- 
hale,  de  les  deux  parties  del  manoir  de  Amale,  en  )e 
countee  de  Kotyngbam, — del  manoir  de  Hasele,  del  manoir 
de  Kyrtlyngton,  del  manoir  de  Dadyngton,  del  manoir  de 
Peryngton,  en  le  countee  d'Ozenford, — des  deux  partes 
del  manoir  de  Wodespene  en  le  countee  de  Berks, — del 
manoir  de  Fulmodeston  en  le  countee  de  Norffolk, — del 
viewe  de  franc-plej^e  de  Sauston  en  le  countee  de  Can- 


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189 

BE  it  remembered  that  the  honorable  lady,  Lady  Anne  FarUdr 
Counteas  of  Staffonl,  daughter  of  Eleanor,  one  of  the  g^^l^"^ 
daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Humphrey  de  Bohun,  of  good 
memory,  late  Earl  of  Hereford,  delivered  to  the  King 
our  sovereign  lord  in  this  Parliament  a  petition,  the  HeriKiinon 
tenor  whereof  here  followeth. — To  our  most  sovereign  '  "*' 
lord  the  King  very  humbly  prayeth  Anne  Countess  of 
Stafford,  that  whereas  you,  most  sovereign  lord,  now  lately 
did  sue  in  your  Chancery  of  England  agunst  the  s^d  pe- 
titioner, by  your  writ  of  xire  facias,  to  refonn  the  partition 
made  in  the  Chancery  of  Lord  Richard  late  King  of  Eng- 
land, between  the  very  noble  lady,  Lady  Mary  your  mother, 
whom  God  pardon,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of 
Humphrey  de  Bohun  late  Earl  of  Hereford,  and  Eleanor 
mother  of  the  said  petiUoner,  the  other  of  the  daughters 
and  co-heirs  of  the  said  late  Earl,  of  the  castle  and  manor 
of  Pleshey,  of  the  manor  of  High  Easter,  of  the  manor  of 
Waltham,  of  the  manor  of  Wickes,  of  the  view  of  frank- 
pledge of  Chieball,  of  the  manor  of  Shenfield,  of  the  court 
of  the  honor  of  High  Easter,  of  the  fee  of  the  county  of 
Essex,  of  the  manor  of  Famham,  in  the  county  of  Essex, — 
of  the  court  of  Hertford,  of  the  view  of  frank-pledge  of 
Hoddesdon,  in  the  county  of  Hertford, — of  the  manor  of 
Wheateoburst,  in  the  county  of  Gloucester, — of  the  castle 
of  Huntington  with  its  members,  of  the  castle  of  Caldicot 
and  Newton  with  their  members,  in  the  Marches  of  Wales, 
—of  the  manor  of  Long  Bennington,  in  the  county  of  Lin- 
coln,— of  the  manor  of  Kneesal,  of  the  two  parts  of  the 
manor  of  Arnold,  in  the  county  of  Nottingham,  — of  the 
manor  of  Hasetey,  of  the  manor  of  Kirtlingten,  of  the 
manor  of  Deddington,  of  the  manor  of  Pirton,  in  the 
county  of  Oxford, — of  the  two  parts  of  the  manor  of  Wood 
Speen,  in  the  county  of  Berks, — of  the  manor  of  Fulmo- 


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188 

tabrige, — ove  lour  appurtenances,  a  la  purpartie  de  dite 
Alianore  assignee.  £t  del  chastell  de  Brekenoc  ore  ses 
membres,  del  chastell  de  Hay  ove  ses  metnbreH,  en  Galee, — 
del  manoir  de  Henton  en  le  countee  de  Berks, — del  manoir 
de  Uphaven,  del  veue  de  franc-plegge  de  NetherfaaTen,  de 
la  court  dfl  I'honure  de  Monkenfarle,  en  le  countee  de 
Wiltesire, — de  la  court  de  Tbonure  de  Hereforde  tenus  a 
Gloucestr^  del  manoir  de  Haresfeld,  del  manoir  de  New. 
enbam,  en  le  countee  de  Qloucestre,— del  fee  del  countee 
de  Hereford,  de  eynk  hundredes  en  le  countee  de 
Hereford,  ^eet  assavoir  Bodenbam,  graunde  Cowem, 
Kyngeston,  Bui^buU,  et  Stratford,  en  le  countee  de  Here- 
ford,^Klel  moite  de  certeins  tenements  ove  les  appurte- 
nances en  West  Grenewich  el  countee  de  Kent, — del  fee 
del  countee  de  Northampton,  en  le  countee  de  North- 
ampton,— des  deux  partes  del  manoir  de  Halyngbury  en  le 
countee  d'Essex, — des  deux  partes  del  manoir  de  Ascote 
en  le  countee  d'Oxenford, — d'un  toft  cent  sessant  et  sept 
acres  de  terre  arable  et  deux  acres  de  pree  ove  les  ap- 
purtenances en  Westcote  el  counte  de  Bucks, — ove  lour 
appurtenances,  assignez  a  la  purpartie  de  vostre  dite 
tres  noble  miere,  sicome  il  est  de  recorde  en  meame  la 
Cbauncerie  de  dit  nadgairs  Roi;  et  proces  sur  le  dit 
brief  continue  tanque  juggement  fuist  rendue  aur  ycell : 
— c'est  assavoir,  que  les  ditz  chastelles,  ove  les  mem- 
bres, manoirs,  courtes,  fee  de  countee,  veuwes  de  franc- 
plegges,  deux  partes  des  manoirs  ove  les  appurtenances, 
a  la  dite  purpartie  de  dite  Alianore  assignez,  serroient 
resumes  et  reseisiez  en  voz  mains.  Et  come  vons,  ires 
soverain  seigniour,  en  vostre  Parlement  tenuz  a  West- 
monastre,  1'an  de  vostre  regne  eecunde,  recitant,  consent 
diverses  honours,  chastelles,  hundredes,  commotes,  ma- 
noirs, terrea,  tenements,  reversions,  annuitees,  fees,  avoue- 


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188 

deston,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk, — of  the  view  of  frank- 
pledge of  Sawaton,  id  the  county  of  Cambridge, — with 
their  appurtenances,  assigned  to  the  purparty  of  the  sud 
Eleanor.  And  of  the  castle  of  Brecknock  with  its  tnenw 
hers,  of  the  castle  of  Hay  with  its  members,  in  Wales, 
—of  the  manor  of  Henton,  in  the  county  of  Berks, — of 
the  manor  of  Uphaven,  of  the  view  of  frank-pledge  of 
Netherhaven,  of  the  court  of  the  honor  of  Monkton  Far- 
ley, in  the  county  of  Wilts, — of  the  court  of  the  honor 
of  Hereford  holden  at  Gloucester,  of  the  manor  of  Hares- 
field,  of  the  manor  of  Newnham,  in  the  county  of  Glou- 
cester,— of  the  fee  of  the  county  of  Hereford,  of  five 
hundreds  in  the  county  of  Hereford,  to  wit,  Bodenham, 
Great  Ck>wame,  Kingston,  Burgbill,  and  Stretford,  in  the 
county  of  Hereford, — of  the  moie^  of  certiun  tenements 
with  the  appurtenances  in  West  Greenwich,  in  the  connty 
of  Kent, — of  the  fee  of  the  county  of  Northampton,  in 
the  county  of  Northampton, — of  the  two  parte  of  the 
manor  of  Hallinghury,  in  the  county  of  Essex, — of  the 
two  parts  of  the  manor  of  Ascott,  in  the  county  of  Ox- 
ford,— of  one  toft,  one  hundred  and  sixty-seven  acres  of 
arable  land,  and  two  acres  of  meadow,  with  the  appur- 
tenances, in  Weetcott,  in  Uie  county  of  Bucks, — with 
^eir  appurtenances,  assigned  to  the  purparty  of  your 
said  very  noble  mother,  as  it  is  of  record  in  the  same 
Chancery  of  the  said  late  King;  and  process  upon  the 
said  writ  continued  until  judgment  was  given  upon  the 
same : — to  wit,  that  the  said  castles,  with  the  members, 
manors,  courts,  fee  of  county,  views  of  frank-pledges,  two 
parts  of  the  manors  with  the  appurtenances,  aeaigned  to 
the  said  purparty  of  the  said  Eleanor,  should  be  resumed 
and  reseised  into  your  bands.  And  whereas  you,  most 
sovereign  Lord,  in  your  Parliament  holden  at  Westminster 


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sons,  et  diversea  autres  possessions  et  seigniouriea  deina 
TOstre  roialme  d'Engleterre,  et  parties  de  Gales,  et  aillours 
deins  vostre  seigaiourie  et  power,  queux  furent  de  I'beri- 
tage  de  tres  bone  memorie  I'avantdite  Marie,  une  des  files 
et  heirs  le  dit  Humfrey  de  Bohun  nadgairs  Count  de 
Hereford  Essex  et  Norhampton  et  Conestable  d'Engle- 
terre, vostre  tres  cbiere  miere  adonqes  mort,  qi  heir  tous 
ftiistez,  puts  la  mart  Sire  Henry  nadgairs  Roi  d'Engle- 
terre, que  Dieu  assoile,  vostre  tres  noble  piere,  qi  lea 
tenoit  a  tenne  de  sa  vie,  par  la  leie  d'Engleterre,  a 
Tous,  tres  soverain  seigniour,  et  a  voz  heirs,  par  droit 
hereditarie  descendereot  et  deviendrent,  de  vostre  certao 
science,  et  de  I'auctorite  de  mesme  le  Parlement,  mesmes 
les  honours,  chastellee,  bundredes,  commotes,  manoirs, 
terres,  tenements,  reversions,  annuitees,  fees,  avouesons, 
possessions,  et  seigniouries,  de  mesme  vostre  heritage  des 
countees  de  Hereford  Essex  et  Norhampton,  ove  touts 
lour  droitures,  libertees,  franchises,  et  franc  custumes 
queuxconqes  de  vostre  Corone  d'Engleterre  par  tenure 
de  mesme  le  Parlement  severastes,  et  ycellee  a  vostre 
duchee  de  Lancastre  ajoinastes,  annexastea,  unistes,  et 
encorporastes,  a  vous  et  a  voz  heirs,  a  mesme  le  duchee 
ensy  adjointz,  annexez,  uniz,  et  encorporez,  perpetuelment 
a  demurrerz :  et  auxi  come  Jobanne  de  Bobun  nadgairs 
Countesse  de  Hereford  vostre  bonurable  aiele  a  IMeu 
commandee,  a  temps  de  sa  murriant  avoit  et  tenoit  cer- 
teins  chastelles,  manoirs,  terres,  tenements,  fees,  avoue- 
sons, libertees,  franchises,  et  autres  possessions  en  £n- 
gleterre  et  Gales,  c'est  assavoir  aacuns  en  dower  del 
dowement  de  dit  nadgfurs  Counte  de  Hereford,  et  ascunes 
a  terme  de  vie  de  dit«  nadgairs  Countesse  par  force  de 
jointz  estats  ent  faitz  a  mesmes  les  nadgairs  Counte  et 
Countesse,  et  ascunea  par  force  de  Testate  &ut  soulment 


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184 

in  the  second  year  of  your  reign,  reciting  how  that  divers  ho- 
nors, castles,  hundreds,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements, 
reversions,  annuities,  fees,  advowsons,  and  divers  other  pos- 
sessions and  lordships  within  your  realm  of  England  and 
the  parts  of  Wales,  and  elsewhere  within  your  dominion 
and  power,  which  were  of  the  infaeiitance  of  the  afore- 
said Mary,  of  very  good  memory,  one  of  the  daughters 
and  co-heirs  of  the  said  Humphrey  de  Bohun  late  Earl 
of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northampton,  and  Constahle  of 
England,  your  very  dear  mother,  then  deceased,  whose 
heir  you  were,  after  the  death  of  Lord  Henry  late  King 
of  England,  whom  Ood  pardon,  your  very  noble  father, 
who  held  them  for  the  term  of  his  life  by  the  law  of  Eng- 
land, descended  and  came  to  you*  most  sovereign  Lord, 
and  to  your  beirs,  by  hereditary  right,  did,  of  your  certain, 
knowledge,  and  by  the  authority  of  the  same  Parliament* 
sever  the  same  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  commotes, 
manors^  lands,  tenements,  reversions,  annuities,  fees,  ad- 
vowsons, possessions,  and  lordships,  of  the  same  your 
heritage  of  the  earldoms  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  North- 
ampton, with  all  their  rights,  liberties,  franchises,  and 
iree  customs  whatsoever,  from  your  crown  of  England 
by  tenor  of  the  same  Parliament,  and  did  adjoin,  annex, 
unit^  and  incorporate  the  same  to  your  ducby  of  Lan- 
caster, to  remain,  so  adjoined,  annexed,  united,  and  in- 
corporated to  the  same  duchy,  to  you  and  to  your  heirs  for 
ever:  and  whereas  also  Joan  de  Bobun,  late  Countess  of 
Hereford,  your  honorable  grandmother  departed  to  God, 
bad  and  held  at  the  time  of  her  death  certain  castles, 
manors,  lands,  tenements,  fees,  advowsons,  liberties,  fran- 
chisea,  and  other  possessions  in  England  and  Wales, 
to  wit^  some  in  dower  by  the  endowment  of  the  said 
late  Earl  of  Hereford,  and  some  for  the  term  of  life 
2  B 


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}9S 

a  dite  nadgain  CouDtesse  a  tenne  de  as  vie,  aprea  la 
mort  de  dit  oadgairs  Counte,  par  certeins  pereones  en 
ycellea  par  luy  enfeoSez ;  come  aiixi  le  dit  nadgura 
CouDte  enfe^  certeins  perBonee  en  diveraea  manoin, 
terrea,  et  tenetnenta,  pur  lee  vendre  et  paier  aea  dettea, 
et  lea  dettea  de  William  de  Bohun  nadgiurB  Counte  de 
Norhainptoii,  lea  queux  feoffee,  aprea  lea  ditz  dettea 
pleinemest  paiez,  de  parcell  de  meamea  lea  manoirs 
adonqea  remuguauntc  en  lour  muns  enfeofferent  autres 
personea  a  Toepa  et  profit  de  dite  nadgaira  Counteaae; 
^-dea  queux  chaetellea,  manoira,  terrea,  tenemeDte,  feea, 
avouesona,  liberteea,  fraunchiaea,  et  posaeaeioDa  aacunee 
aprea  la  mort  de  roatre  dite  aiele  aont  desceHduz  a 
TouB,  tree  aoverun  aeigniour,  et  a  dite  aupptiante,  c'eat 
aasavoir  a  toub  come  a  fitz  la  dite  Marie,  et  a  dite  sup- 
pliant ccune  a  file  la  dite  Alianore,  et  coajrna  et  faeirs 
de  dit  nadgaire  Counte,  par  force  de  certeina  dounee 
en  la  taille  ent  &itz  a  lea  aunceatres  des  ditz  Marie 
et  Alianore,  et  aecunea  sunt  descenduz  a  vous,  trea  so* 
Terain  seigniour,  et  a  la  dite  suppliante,  en  fee  simple) 
come  aa  coayns  et  beira  de  dit  nadgure  Counte  de  aank 
en  la  founne  smaditet  et  aacunea  sont  escbetez  a  Toue^ 
tree  soverun  seigniour,  et  a  dite  suppliante,  par  force 
dea  certeina  grantee  et  reaerrationa,  de  rereraiona  et  de 
remeindres  ent  Mtz  as  droits  beira  de  dit  nadgairs 
Counte,  et  aacunea  sont  deaoenduz  a  dite  suppliante 
aoule,  come  a  file  et  heir  de  dite  Alianore,  par  force 
d'eatate  ent  fait  a  dite  nadgain  CouDtease,  pur  tenne 
de  sa  vie,  la  remeindre  outre  aa  ditz  Marie  et  Alianore 
et  a  lour  heira  a  toutz  joura,  a  cause  que  la  dite  Alianore 
surresquit  voatre  dite  trea  noble  miere  (de  quell  accreetre 
de  droit  par  le  sourvjvir  il  n'eat  paa  I'entent  de  dite  aup- 
pliante  de  prendre  avantage  en  leie).     £t  come  aprea  une 


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165 

of  tbe  said  late  Countess  by  force  of  joiot  estates  made 
thereof  to  tbe  same  late  Earl  and  Countess,  and  some 
by  force  of  tbe  estate  made  solely  to  the  said  late  Countess 
for  the  term  of  her  life,  after  the  death  of  the  said  late 
Earl,  by  certain  persons  enfeoffed  by  him  in  the  same : 
whereas  also  tbe  said  late  Earl  enfaofled  certain  perBcns 
io  divers  manors,  lands,  and  tenements,  to  sell  them  and 
to  pay  his  debts,  and  the  debts  of  William  de  Bohun,  late 
Earl  of  Northampton,  whidi  feofiees,  after  the  said  debts 
fully  paid,  enfeoffed  with  the  parcel  of  the  same  manors 
then  remaining  in  their  bands  other  persons  to  the  behoof 
and  profit  of  the  said  late  Countess ; — of  which  castles, 
Manors,  lands,  tenements,  fees,  advowsons,  liberties,  fran- 
chises, and  possessions,  som^  after  the  death  of  your  said 
grandmother,  bare  descended  to  you,  most  sovereign  Lord, 
and  to  tbe  said  petitioner,  to  wit^  to  you  as  son  of  tbe  said 
Mary,  and  to  tbe  said  petitioner  as  daughter  of  the  said 
Eleanor,  and  cousins  and  heirs  of  the  said  Earl,  by  force  of 
certain  gifts  in  tail  thereof  made  to  tbe  ancestors  of  the 
said  Mary  and  Eleanor,  and  some  have  descended  to  you, 
most  sovereign  Lord,  and  to  the  said  petitioner,  in  fee 
simple,  as  to  tbe  cousins  and  heirs  of  the  smd  late  Ear) 
of  tbe  blood  in  the  form  ^xnesaid,  and  some  have  fallen 
to  you,  most  sovereign  Ixird,  and  to  the  said  petitioner, 
by  fmve  of  certain  grants  and  reservations,  of  reversionB 
and  remainders  made  thereof  to  the  right  heirs  of  the 
said  late  Earl,  and  some  have  descended  to  the  said  pe- 
titioner alone^  as  daughter  and  heir  of  the  said  Eleanor, 
by  force  of  the  estate  thereof  made  to  the  said  lata 
Countess  for  term  td  her  life,  remainder  over  to  tbe 
said  Mary  and  Eleanor,  and  to  their  heirs  for  ever,  by 
reason  that  the  said  Eleanor  survived  your  said  very 
DoUe  mother  (of  whidb  accrual  of  right  by  surriTor- 


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purpartie  ore  Boit  fait  de  novell,  de  vostre  tres  graciouB 
aBsent,  et  agrcment  de  dite  suppliante,  pareDtre  voua, 
tres  BOTeraiD  seigniour,  et  la  dite  suppliante,  si  bien  de 
toutz  les  ditz  cbaBtellea,  ove  lee  membreB,  manoirs,  veuwes 
de  fcaoc-plegges,  courtes,  fees  des  countees,  hundredes, 
toft,  terre,  pree,  moitee  dea  tenemeDte,  deux  partea  dea 
manoirs  especifieB  en  I'ambedeux  parties  de  dite  auncien 
purpartie,  come  de  toulz  les  ditz  chastelles,  manoira, 
terres,  tenements,  fees,  avouesona,  liberteea,  franchises, 
et  autres  possessions  en  Engleterre  et  Gale^  queux  vostre 
dite  «ele  avoit  et  tenoit  a  temps  de  sa  mouriant,  et  dea 
ditz  manoira,  terres,  tenements,  ea  queux  certeine  per- 
Bones  furent  enfefiez  a  I'oeps  de  vostre  dite  aiele  pur 
tenne  de  sa  vie,  et  a  I'oepa  dea  droitz  b^s  de  dit  nad- 
gaira  Couate  de  Hereford  apres  la  mort  vostre  dite  uele, 
fbrapris  des  feea  et  avouesona  queux  Bont  en  grooa  a  par 
luy  et  nient  appurtenantz  ou  appendants  a  ascunes  des 
possessions  ou  cbosea  suisdites,  sicome  en  une  bill  ent 
&ite  et  a  yceate  petition  annexee  est  coutenuz  pluis  au 
plein.  Plese  a  vostre  Hautesse  de  considerer  les  pre- 
misses, et  Bur  ceo  ordeioer  et  establier  par  auctorite  de 
ceste  present  Parlement,  que  si  bien  toutz  les  enherite- 
meuts  come  titles  et  droitures  de  toutz  lee  chastelles, 
honures,  seigDiouries,  commotes,  bundredea,  viewes  de 
franc-plegges,  courtes,  manoirs,  terres,  tenements,  rentes, 
services,  cuetumes,  fees  dea  countees,  fees  des  cbiv&lera, 
avouesons,  annuiteea,  franchises,  libertees,  reversions,  et 
autrea  poaseasions  et  choses  queuxconqes  avantditz,  ore 
lour  appurtenances,  a  vous,  tres  soverain  seigniour,  et 
a  dite  suppliante,  en  aacun  maiiere  deacenduz,  ou  par 
ascun  title  escheiez  ou  devenuz,  et  de  toutz  autrea  en 
temps  a  venir  a  descendrerz,  escheierz,  ou  aveinerz,  parmy 
le  dit  nadgairs  Counte  de  Hereford,  ou  parmy  les  ditz 


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ship   it  is  not   tbe   iDtention   of  the    said   peUtioner  to 
take  advvitage  in    Uw).      And   whereas,  afterwards,  a 
partition   is   now  made  anew,  by  your  very  gradous  as- 
sent and  tbe  a^^eement  of  tbe   said   petitioner,  between 
you,  most  sovereign  Lord,   and  tbe  said  petitioner,  as 
well  of  all  the  said  castles,  with   the   members,    manors, 
views  of  frank-pledge,  courts,  fees  of  counties,  hundreds, 
toft,   land,   meadow,   moiety  of  tenements,   two   parts   of 
manors  specified  in   both  parts  of  the   said  ancient  par- 
tition, as  of  all  tbe  said  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements, 
fees,  advowsons,   liberties,   franchises,   and    other  posses- 
sione  in   England  and  Wales,   which  your  said  grand> 
mother  had  and  held  at  the  time  of  her   death,   and  of 
the  said  manors,  lands,  tenements,  in  which  certain  per- 
sons were  enfeoffed   to   tbe  behoof  of  your  said  grand- 
mother for  the   term  of  ber   life,   and   to  tbe   behoof  of 
the  right  heirs  of  the  said  Ut«  Earl  of  Hereford  after  the 
death  of  your  said  grandmother,  except  the  fees  and  ad- 
vowsons which  are  in  gross  by  themselves,  and  not  ap- 
purtenant or    appendent   on   any   of  the   possessions  or 
things  abovesaid,  as  is  more  fully  contuned  in  a   bill  rnja-niu 
thereof  made  and  annexed  to  this  petition.    May  it  please  JJ^''J^S'" 
your  Highness  to  consider  tbe  premises,  and  thereupon  to  ^*^'^ 
ordain  and  establish  by  tbe  authority  of  this  present  Far-  orii»<i(B™ 
liament^  that  as  well  all  the  inheritances,  as  the  titles  and  xiB™diha 
rights  of  ail  the  castles,  honors,  lordships,  commotes,  hun-  bi^«ii,  mu 
dreds,   views  of  frank -pledge,  courts,  manors,  lands,  ten»-  "''V?^°  '^ 
ments,  rents,  services,  customs,  fees  of  counties,  knights'  «i^",!^^.. 
fees,  advowsons,  annuities,  franchises,  liberties,  Tevenione,  E^'dM?* 
and   other   possessions,  and   things  whatsoever  aforesaid,  •uniiiii«  th* 
with   their   appurtenances,  in   any  manner  to  you,  most  «t  t)!*  King-a 
sovereign   Lord,    and    to   the   said   petitioner  descended,  ^^^H^ 
or  by  any  title  escheated  or  come,  and  of  all  others  is  iVf^!"? 


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187 
Marie  et  Alianote,  sotent  et  estoisent  desore  en  a^an^ 
en  meenie  la  nature  et  effect  a  la  commiuie  leie  sicome 
ils  feurent  al  temps  del  moriant  du  dit  nadgaire  Count, 
et  al  temps  del  moriant  dee  dites  Marie  et  Alianore.  Et 
auxi  que  la  dite  parUtiou  ore  faite  de  novell  soit  et  estmse 
e^ctuele  en  leie  en  tempe  a  venir,  parentre  toub  et  toz 
heirs,  et  la  dite  suppliante  et  ees  heir^  a  demurer  Belonc 
I'auDcien  cours  et  nature  de  mesmes  lea  enheritementz, 
titles,  et  droitures ;  lee  dites  annexion,  union,  incorporation, 
en  Tostre  dit  Parlement  tennz  le  dit  an  secunde,  ou  ascun 
autre  ordinance  ou  act  flut  en  meame  le  Parlement  ou 
aillouTB,  ou  la  dite  auncien  purpartle,  ou  ascuae  autre 
lo  Heel  chose,  nient  obstantz.  Pur  Dieu  et  en  oevere  de  charite. 
La  quele  supplication  lieu  en  meeme  le  Parlement  et 
bien  entendu^  fuist  respondue  par  le  Roi,  de  Tassent  des 
Seignionrs  Espirituelx  et  Temporelx,  et  auxi  de  lea  Com- 
munes d'Engleterre  en  ceo  presente  Parlement  assembles, 
en  manere  q'enauit — LE  Roy  voet,  par  auctorite  de  ceete 
presente  Parlement,  qe  les  acta  et  ordinances  fiutz  en  son 
Parlement  tenuz  a  Westmonaatre,  le  Lundy  prosdiein 
apres  les  oeptaves  de  Seint  Martyn,  Tan  de  son  r^ne 
seconde,  de  I'adjnnc^on,  annexion,  union,  et  encorpora- 
tioD,  et  la  reule  et  governance  de  lea  honours,  diastelles, 
bundredes,  commotes,  manoirs,  terres,  tenements,  rerer- 
«0D8,  annuitees,  fees,  avouesona,  possesnone,  et  sag- 
niouries,  de  bod  heritage  des  counteea  de  Hereford  Essex 
et  Norhamphm,  ove  ses  droituies,  libertees,  franchises,  et 
franks  cuBtumes  queuxoonqes,  queux  feurent  de  I'heritage 
de  Dame  Marie,  une  des  fiUes  et  heirs  Humfrey  de  Bohun 
jadis  Counte  de  Herefoid  E^ssex  et  Norluunptan  et  Con- 
stable d'Eogleterr^  miere  a  nostre  seigniour  le  Roy  q*or 
est,  qi  heir  il  est,  queux  apres  la  mort  le  Roi  Henry 
piere  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi  q'or  est,  qi  yceux  temut 


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187 

after  time  to  descend,  eBcheat,  or  come,  tfarougb  the  said 
late  Earl  of  Hereford,  or  through  the  said  Mary  and 
Eleanor,  may  be  sod  be  deemed  irom  henceforth  of  the 
same  nature  and  effect  at  common  law,  as  they  were  at 
the  time  of  the  death  of  the  said  late  Earl,  and  at  the  time 
of  the  death  of  the  said  Mary  and  Eleanor.    And  also  that 
the  said  partition  now  made  anew  may  be  and  be  deemed 
effectual  in  law  in  time  to  come,  between  you  and  your 
heirs,  and  the  said  petitioner  and  her  heirs,  to  remain 
according  to  the  ancient  course  and  nature  of  the  same 
inheritances,  titles,  and  rights;  the  said  annexation,  union, 
incorporation,  in  your  said  Parliament  holden  in  the  said  JI^'HIu" 
second  year,  or  any  other  ordinance  or  act  made  in  the  ^i^^^fi^ 
same  Parliament  or  elsewhere,  or  the  said  annent  partition,  inrdUuKim 
or  any  other  thing,  notwithstanding.    For  God  and  as  a  uaBnmr' 
work  of  charity.  SIST 

Which  petition  having  been  read  in  the  same  Parliament  |™^^.d « 
and  well  understood,  was,  by  the  assent  of  the  Lords  Spi-  ^^^  " 
ritual  and  Temporal,  and  also  of  the  Commons  of  England 
assembled  in  this  present  Parliament,  answered  by  the  King 
in  manner  as  follows. — THE  King  wills,  by  the  authority  ncKinf-a 
of  this  present  Parliament,  that  the  acts  and  ordinances  tkit^MU 
made  in  his  Parliament  holden  at  Westminster,  on  Monday  E^^!!^'^ 
next  after  the  octaves  of  Saint  Martin  in  the  second  year  of  [[^""S?' 
his  rngn,  for  the  adjoining,  annexation,  union,  and  incorpo-  u^mhi 
ration,  and  the  rule  and  governing  of  the  honors,  castles,  h^iu(a<rf 
huodredi,  commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  reversions^  -*"". 
annuities,  fees,  advowsoni^  possessions,  and  lordships,  of 
his  heritage   of  the   earldoms   of   Hereford,   Essex,   and 
Northampton,  with  their  rights,  Uberties,  franchises,  and 
free  customs  whatsoever,  which  were  of  the  inheritance 
of  Lady  Mary,  one  of  the  dauf^ters  and  co-beirs  of  Hum- 
phrey do  Bobun,  late  Earl  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  North- 


ed by  Googic 


pur  tenne  de  sa  vie  par  la  leie  d'Engleterret  a  nostra 
Betgniour  le  Roi  et  a  Bes  heirB  par  droit  enheritance 
descenderent  et  escheierent,  deins  le  roialme  d'Eogle- 
terre,  et  ee  parties  de  Gales,  et  aillours  deine  ees  seig- 
aiourieB  et  power,  et  de  toutz  autres  honours,  chaatelles, 
bundredes,  commotes,  manoirs,  teires,  tenements,  rever- 
eiong,  annuitees,  fees,  avouesoas,  et  d'autree  possession^ 
et  seigaiouries  queuxconqee,  ou  q'ils  aoient  deine  les 
seigniouries  et  power  suiaditz,  a  dite  heritage  appurte- 
nantz,  a  nostre  seigoiour  le  Roi,  et  a  see  heirs,  a  bod 
duchee  de  Lancaatre  adjointz,  annesez,  uniez,  et  eu- 
corporez,  a  toutz  jours  a  remtundrerz,  soient  par  auc- 
torite  de  ceste  present  Farlement  adoiillez  et  defaitz, 
qant  a  meames  les  honours,  chastelx,  hundredes,  com- 
motes, mauoin,  terres,  tenements,  reverstons,  aonuiteea, 
fees,  avouesons,  possessions,  et  seigniouries,  et  ycellea 
de  mesme  le  duchee  disannexez  et  severez.  Et  que  a 
bien  tout  ceo  que  nostra  dit  seigniour  le  Roi  ad  eeluz 
pur  sa  parte  en  yceste  Farlement,  forepris  le  dit  manoir 
de  Amale,  come  ceo  que  a  luy  serra  par  la  dite  Coun- 
tesse  de  Stafford  assignee  en  recompense  pur  mesme  le 
manoir  de  Amale,  soit  et  serra  severee  de  la  corone 
d'Engleterre,  et  a  TaTauntdit  duchee  de  Lancaatre  adjoinct^ 
annezee,  unie^  et  incorpore^  a  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi, 
et  a  ses  heirs,  a  mesme  le  duchee  issiut  adjoinct,  annectee, 
umee  et  incorporee,  a  toutz  jours  a  remaindrer  et  demurer, 
auzi  entierment,  frank,  cleer,  et  deschargee  sicome  les 
chastelx,  manoirs,  terres,  tenements,  courtes,  fees,  avoue* 
eons,  vieues,  reversions,  et  autres  choses  et  possessions 
contenuz  en  mesme  la  purpartie  nostre  dit  seigniour  le 
Roi,  ovesque  ceo  que  pur  le  dit  manoir  de  Amale  sena 
issint  assignee,  feurent  al  temps  del  moriant  de  dit  Hum. 
frey  de  Bohun,  et  en  meames  les  maner^  fourme,  reule. 


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ampton,  and  Comtable  of  England,  mother  of  our  lord  the 
King  who  now  is,  whose  heir  he  is,  which  after  the  death 
of  King  Heniy  father  of  our  lord  the  King  who  now  is, 
who  held  tbem  for  the  term  of  his  life  by  the  law  of  Eng- 
land, descended  and  fell  to  our  lord  the  King  and  to  his 
heirs  by  right  inheritance,  in  the  realm  of  England,  and  in 
the  parts  of  Wales,  and  elsewhere  within  his  dominion  and 
power,  and   of  all   other  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  com- 
motes, manors,  lands,    tenements,  reversions,   annuities, 
fees,  advowBonS]  and  other  possessions  and  lordships  what> 
soever,  or  wheresoever  they  may  be,  within  the  dominion  and 
power  abovesaid,  to  the  said  heritage  appurtenant,  to  re- 
main for  ever  to  our  lord  the  King  and  hie  heirs,  adjoined, 
annexed,  united,  and  incorporated  with  his  duchy  of  Lan- 
caster, be  by  the  authority  of  Uiis  present  Parliament  an- 
nulled and  repealed  as  to  the  same  honors,  castles,  hun- 
dreds, commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  reversions,  an- 
nuities, fees,   advowsons,  possessions,  and  lordehipe,  and 
that  they  be  disannexed  and  severed  from  the  said  duchy. 
And  that  as  well  all  that  our  sud  lord  the  King  has  utiiiuitha 
chosen  for  his  share  in  this  Parliament,  except  the  said  »1^^*° 
manor  of  Arnold,  as  that  which  shall  be  assigned  to  him  kTdOs  ». 
by  the  said  Countess  of  Stafford  in  compensation  for  the  '^^H^^ 
said  manor  of  Arnold,  be  and  shall  be  severed  from  the  ^{^""^ 
crown  of  England,  and  adjoined,  annexed,  united,  and  a""r 
incorporated  with  the  aforesaid   duchy  of  Lancaster, 
remun   and  endure,  thus  adjoined,  annexed,  united,  and  tbtiuxat 
incorporated  with  the  same  duchy,  to  our  lord  the  King 
and  to  his  heirs  for  ever,  as  entirely  free,  clear,  and  dis- 
charged as  the  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  courts, 
fees,  advowsons,  views,  reversions,  and  other  things  and 
possessions   contained  in   the  same   purparty  of  our  sud 
lord  the  King,  with  that  which  shall  be  so  assigned  for 


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iideby 


189 

gOTernance»  et  ove  tielx  officers,  fraunchUeei  libertees, 
drtutures,  et  franks  custumes,  en  toutz  cboees  et  par 
bnitz  choees,  ucome  le«  ditz  hoDours,  chastelx,  hun- 
dredeB,  commotes,  muKHn,  terrei^  tenemeiits,  reTersionS) 
aimmtees,  fees,  aToueflona,  et  autree  poeseBsions  et  eeig- 
niouries  siiiBditz,  queux  le  dit  nadgairs  Roi  Heory  tenoit 
a  terme  de  w  vie,  et  ^ires  sa  mort  descenderent  s  nostre 
dit  seigDiour  le  Roi,  come  dit  est,  par  force  du  dit  act  fait 
en  le  dit  Pariement  teouz  a  W^tmonastre  le  dit  an  second, 
feurent  et  estre  devoieot;  aBCunes  alieuatioos,  feffementz, 
dimises,  recovereres,  disGoatiDuaiice8,  grantes  ou  charges 
en  cell  partie,  apres  la  mort  de  dit  Humirej  faits,  dod 
obstantz.  £t  que  la  purpartie  nostre  dit  seigniour  le 
Roi  de  les  fees  et  avoaesona  en  grooa  de  Itieritage  du 
dit  nadgurs  Count  que  ne  soot  unqore  departiez,  ^irefl 
la  purpartie  ent  aSwre  &it,  soit  come  avaiint  est  dit,  de 
la  dite  corone  d'Engleterre  sereree^  et  al  dit  ducbee  de 
LaDcaatre  adjoinct,  annexee,  uniee^  et  incorporee,  a  nostre 
seigniour  le  Roi,  et  a  ses  heirs,  a  mesme  le  dochee  iseint  ad- 
joinct, onnezee,  uniee,  et  incorpoiee,  a  toutz  jours  a  remain. 
drer  et  demurer,  en  mesmes  lea  manere,  fiiunne^  reule,  et 
goTemance  en  toutz  choses  et  par  toutz  choses,  et  ore  tielx 
officers,  franchises,  libertees,  droitures,  et  franks  custumes^ 
sicome  dit  est  de  tout  ceo  que  nostre  dit  seigniour  le  Roi  ad 
issint  esluz  en  ceste  preamt  Pariement  pur  aa  parte,  bors- 
pris  le  dit  manoir  de  Amale,  et  auxi  de  ceo  que  a  luy  par 
la  dite  Countesse  de  Stafibrd  serra  assignee  en  recompense 
pur  mesme  le  manoir  de  Amaie ;  ascunes  alienations, 
feffements,  dimises,  discontJnuADcefl,  grauntes  ou  cbarges 
en  cell  partie,  apres  la  mort  du  dit  Humfrey  de  Bohna 
foitz,  nient  ohstantz.  Purveu  toutz  foitz  que  ceus  qi 
serront  on  deroient  estre  de  droit  enheritablez  par  force 
d'aacun  taill,  par  quell  ie  dit  Humfrey  futst  enberitee 
ou  enheritable,  des  ditz  chastels,   manoirs,  terres,  lene- 


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189 

the  Bud  Dunor  of  Aniold,  were  at  the  time  of  tfae  death 
of  the  said  Humphrey  de  Bohuo,  and  in  the  same  maooer, 
form,  rule,  governance,  and  with  such  officers,  franchises, 
liberties,  rights,  and  free  customs,  in  all  things,  and 
through  all  things,  as  the  said  honors,  castles,  hundreds, 
commotes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  reversions,  annuities, 
fees,  sdvowsons,  and  other  pOBseasions  and  lorddiips  ahove- 
said,  whidi  the  said  late  King  Henry  held  for  the  term  of 
his  life,  and  after  his  death  descended  to  our  said  lord  the 
King,  as  has  been  sud,  were  and  ought  to  be  by  force 
of  the  said  act  made  in  the  said  Parliament  holden  at 
Westminster  in  the  said  second  year;  any  alienations,  feoff- 
ments, demises^  recoveries,  discontinuances,  grants,  or 
charges  in  that  part  made  nnoe  the  death  of  the  said 
Humphrey,  notwithstanding.  And  that  the  purparty  of  udaowitb 
our  said  lord  the  King  of  the  fees  and  advowsons  in  fk-ud"^-* 
gross  of  the  heritage  of  the  said  lata  Earl  which  have  ^^j^  ^ 
not  yet  been  divided,  after  partition  thereof  to  be  made 
shall  have  been  made,  be^  as  is  aAiresud,  severed  from 
the  said  crown  of  England,  and  adjmned,  annexed,  united, 
and  incorporated  with  the  said  dudiy  of  Lancaster,  to  re> 
mun  and  endure,  thus  adjoined,  annexed,  united,  and  in- 
corporated with  the  same  duchy,  to  our  lord  the  King 
and  to  his  heii*  for  ever,  in  the  same  manner,  form, 
rule,  and  governance  in  all  things  and  through  all  things, 
and  with  such  officers,  franchises,  Ubo^es,  rights,  and 
free  customs,  as  has  been  said,  of  all  that  which  our 
oaid  lord  the  King  has  so  ehoaan  for  bis  share  in  this 
present  Parliament,  except  the  said  manor  of  Arnold, 
and  also  of  that  wluch  shall  be  aasigned  to  him  by  the 
said  Countess  of  Stafford  in  compensation  for  the  same 
manor  of  Arnold ;  any  alienations,  feirfbients,  demises, 
discontinuances,  grants,  or  cbaiges  in  that  part  made  since 
the  death  of  the    said   Humphrey  de  Bohnn,  notwitb- 


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190 

menta,  courts,  fees,  viewes,  avouesons,  reversions,  et  autres 
posBeeeione  contenuz  en  la  purpartde  quell  noatre  seigniour 
le  Roi  ad  esluz  pur  aa  parte  en  ceste  Parlement,  ou  en 
ascun  parcell  d'icelles,  forapris  de  le  dit  manoir  de  Arnale, 
ou  de  ceo  que  par  la  dito  Counteaae  de  Stafford  aerra  as- 
»gnee  au  Roi  en  recompense  pur  mesme  le  manoir  de 
Amale,  ou  de  ceo  q^en  la  purpartie  dee  ditz  feea  et 
avouesona  en  grooe  a  fure  de  part  noatre  aeigniour  le 
Roi  a  ealire,  ne  soient  forclosez  a  demander,  recoTerer, 
et  avoir  mesmea  lea  chaatelx,  manoirs,  terrea,  tenements, 
courtee,  fees,  veuwea,  avouesons,  reveraiona,  et  autres  po»> 
aeaaiona  suisditz,  apres  lea  ditz  taiUes  en  noatre  dit  aeig- 
niour le  Roi  et  aes  tieira  de  aon  corps  engendrez,  et  en 
lea  heira  de  corpa  du  dite  Marie  engendrez,  tenninez 
et  exteintz,  que  Dieu  defende,  par  ceste  adjunction,  an- 
nection,  union,  et  incorporation;  et  que  si  bien  tout 
ceo  que  le  Roi  iaaiut  ealist  pur  sa  parte  en  ceat  preaent 
Parlement,  horspris  le  dit  manoir  de  Amale,  ovesque 
ceo  q'il  avera  par  aaaignement  de  la  dite  Couatesse  de 
Stafford  en  recompense  pur  mesme  le  manoir  de  Ar- 
nale, come  la  dite  purpartie  quell  le  Roi  linquist  a 
mesme  la  Counteaae  de  Stafibrd  en  ceo  mesme  Farlemen^ 
pur  aa  parte,  et  auxi  la  purpartie  affaire  de  lee  ditz  fees 
et  avouesona  en  groos  parentre  nostre  aeigniour  le  Roi, 
et  mesme  la  Counteaae  de  Stafford,  qant  ele  soit  fai^ 
estoisent  en  lour  force  et  vertue,  parentre  eux  et  lour 
heirs  a  toutz  jours,  en  manere  et  forme  come  dessuis 
est  declaree;  savant  toutdis  I'enheritance,  si  bien  de 
parte  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi  et  de  sea  heirs,  come  de 
parte  du  dite  Counteaae  de  Stafford  et  de  sea  heirs,  eu 
manere  come  avant  eat  dit  et  purveu.  £t  auxi  que  la 
purpartie  quell  la  dite  Countesse  ad  pur  aa  parte,  come 
appiert  de  recorde  en  ceste  present  Parlement,  soit  auxi 
entierment  franke,  cleer,  et  deschargee  aicome  les  chas- 


ed by  GoOglc 


standing.     Provided   always   that   those  who  shall  be  or  s»hi|thB 
ought  to  he  of  right  inheritable,  by  force  of  any  tail  cuimuta 
through  which  the  said  Humphrey  had  inherited  or  was  !^'*,'^,r 
inheritable  of  the  said  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  ^^^,?' 
courts,  fees,  views,  adrowBons,  reTeruona,  and  other  po»-  mIIi^''' 
sessions  contained   in   the  purparty  which  our  lord  the 
King  has  chosen  for  his  share  in  this  Parliament,  or  in 
any  parcel  of  them,  except  of  the  said  manor  of  Arnold, 
or  of  that  which   shall  be  assigned  to  the  King  by  the 
said  Countess  of   Stafibrd   in  compensation  for  the  said 
manor  of  Arnold,  or  of  that  to   be   chosen   on   the  part 
of  our  said  lord  the  King  in  the  partition  to   he   made 
of  the  said  flees  and  advowsons  in  gross,  be  not  fore- 
closed by  this  adjoining,  annexation,  union,  and  incor* 
poration,  from   demanding,    recovering,  and  having  the 
same  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  courts,  fees,  vievra, 
advowsons,   reversions,   and   other  possessions   abovesaid, 
after  the  said  tails   in  our   said  lord  the  King,  and   his 
heirs  of  bis  body  begotten,  and  in  the  heirs  begotten 
of  the  body  of  the  sud  Mary,  have   become   detennined 
and  extinct,  which  God  forbid.     And  that  as  well  all  that  Thapuntkn 
which  tlie  King  so  chose  for  his  share  in  this  present  Par-  ^?***M^ 
liament,  except  the  said  manor  of  Arnold,  with  that  which  ^JC^^ 
he  will  have  by  aamgnmeat  of  the  sud  Countess  of  Stafford  ^*i^  bT" 
in  compensation  for  the  same  manor  of  Arnold,  as  the  »ind'i^ 
sud  purparty  which  the  King  left  to  the  same  Countess 
of  Staflbrd  for  her  share  in  this  same  Parliament,  and  also 
the  partition  to  be  made  of  the  said  fees  and  advowsons  in 
gross  between  our  lord  the  King  and  the  same  Countess  of 
Stafford,  when  it  shall  have  been  made,  shall  endure  in  their 
force  and  virtue,  between  them  and  their  heirs  for  ever, 
in  manner  and  form  as  is  above  declared;  saving  always 
the  inheritance,  as  well  on  the  part  of  our  lord  the  King 
and  bis  heirs,  as  on  the  part  of  the  sud  Countess  of  Stat- 


ed by  Googic 


101 

telx,  manoirs,  courteS)  fee8,  avouraoiu,  hundredes,  et 
uitres  choBes  et  poBseBnom  contennz  en  sa  dite  purpar- 
tie*  fieureDt  au  temps  du  monant  de  dit  Humfrey  de 
Bohun;  ascuaes  aliraiatiotis,  feffements,  dimises,  recove. 
reree,  discontinuances,  grantes  ou  cbarges  en  cell  parti«, 
«pres  la  mort  de  dit  Humfrey  de  Bohun  futz,  nient  ob- 
stantz.  Et  outre  ceo  noetre  dit  seigniour  le  Rot  voet 
par  I'auctorite  snisdite,  que  le  Chanceller  d'Engleterre 
et  les  SeigniouTB  du  Counanll  meeme  nostre  seigniour  le 
Roi  pur  le  temps  esteantz,  appellez  a  eux  tielx  justices 
de  Roi  come  lour  semblers  a  faire,  uent  plein  poiur 
par  auctorite  du  ceste  Parlement,  par  entre  <7  et  le 
fyn  del  seconds  an  ore  proscbein  enmumt,  de  amender 
et  lefbunner  les  suisdites  purpartira,  annection,  et  disan* 
nection,  et  toutz  autres  choses  contennz  en  ycelles  bo- 
soignables,  selonc  lour  advis  et  discretions;  savant  tout 
ditz  la  substance»  I'entent^  et  I'effect  de  meames  les 
purpartie,  annection,  et  disannection,  et  d'autres  dioses 
suiaditz.  Et  le  Roi  disoit  auzi  en  mesme  ceo  Parle- 
ment, que  si  la  dite  CountesBe  de  Staffind  Torroit  «itrer 
en  les  honours,  cbastelx,  hundredes,  commotes,  manoirs» 
terres,  tenements,  et  autres  choses  et  possessious,  en  sa 
purpartie  de  uovell  faite  especifiez,  sanz  suer  ent  sa  livere 
en  la  Chauncellerie,  et  de  cell  entre  avoir  pardon  du  Roi, 
ou  q'ele  vorroit  avoir  licence  du  Roi  d'entrer  en  icelles,  que 
ceo  serroit  a  sa  election,  et  grauuta  outre  q'ele  averoit  tiele 
licence  ou  pardon  a  sa  voluntee  desoutz  le  graund  seale  du 
Roi  a  faire  en  due  fourme,  par  advis  de  son  ConseiL 


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ford  and  her  heirs,  in  manner  as  is  before  said  and  provided. 
And  also  that  the  purpart^  which  the  sud  Countess  has  for  TbcpmriutT 
her  share,  as  appears  of  record  in  this  present  Parliament,  tE^SSuuH 
be  aa  entirely  free,  clear,  and  discharged,  as  the  castles,  ^Ji^J^ 
manors,   courts^    fees,    advowsons,    hundreds,   and    other  ^JIiJ^l^f^ 
things  and  poBseswons   contained   in  her   said   purparty  *** '°'™'' 
were  at  the  time  of  the  death  of  the  said  Humphrey  de 
Bohim ;   any  alienations,   feoStnents,   demises,  recoTeries, 
diBcontinuances,  grants  or  charges  in  that  part  made  since 
the  death  of  Uie  said  Humphrey  de  Bohun,  notwithstand- 
ing.     And,  moreover,  our  said  lord  the   King  wills,  by  ThtchU' 
the  authority  abovesud,  that  the  Chancellor  of  England  Larniotika 
and  the  Lords  of  the  Council  of  our  swd  lord  the  King  !^^^ 
for  the  time  being,  having  called  to  them  such  justices  *J^'" 
of  the  King  as  shall  seem  to  them  requisite,  may  have 
full  power  by  the  authority  of  this  Parliament,  between 
this  and  the  eod  of  the  second  year  now  next  ensuing, 
to   amend  and    reform  the  abovesaid   partition,   annexa- 
tion, and  disannexing,  and  all  other  necessary  things  con- 
tained in  the  same,  according  to  tlieir  advice  and  discre- 
tion; saving  always  the  substance,  intent,  and   effect  of 
the  same  partition,  annexation,  and  disannexing,  and  other 
things  abovesHd.    And  the  King  also  said  in  this  same  rhcCoDnUM 
Parliament,  that  if  the  said  Countess  of  Stafford  should  chot»  or 
wish  to  enter  upon  me  honors,  castles,  hundreds,  com-  ^^^ 
motes,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  other  things  and  £^^^ 
possessions  specified   in  her  purparty   anew  made,  with-  "'^si^; 
out  suing  livery   thereof  in   the   Chancery,   and  to  have  «tar? 
the    King's  pardon  for  this   entry,  or   that    she   should 
wish  to  have  the  King's  licence   for   entering   upon   the 
same,  that  it  should  be  at  her  choice ;  and  granted  be- 
sides that  she  should  have  such  licence  or  pardon  at 
her  will,  to  be  made  in  due  form  under  tite  King's  great 
seal,  by  advice  of  his  Coundl. 


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Rotulus  Pailiameiiti  tenti  spud  Westmonuterium  die  Luiue  proximo 
uile  f«Gturo  Bancti  Mutini,  mido  regoi  Begis  Hciuici  Seiti  post  Con- 
questum  primo. 

Pub  la  partition  affaire  parenthe  le  Roy  et  Dahe 
Anne  Contesse  db  Stafford  des  fees  et  advoesons 

EN    GBOSSE      DE      L'eNBERITANCE      DE     LE      COUNTEE    DE 

Hereford  Essex  et  Norhamfton. 

gjTEM  fait  asaavoir  q'une  supplicatdon  fiiist  bullez 
S  en  ceste  Parlement  par  les  Communes  esteantz 
H  en  le  mesme,  pur  Dame  Anne  Countesse  de 
^  Stafford  file  et  heir  a  Alianore  une  dee  files  et 
heirs  Humfrey  de  Bohun  nadgairs  Count  de  Hereford 
Essex  et  Norhampton  et  Constable  d'Engleterr^  dont  le 
tenure  cj  eneuit — A  nostre  tres  soverun  seigniour  le 
Rot  et  Seigniours  Espirituelx  et  Temporelx  de  ceste 
present  Parlement  supplie  Anne  Countesse  de  Sta^rd, 
file  et  heir  a  Alianore  une  des  files  et  heirs  Humfrejr 
de  BohuD  nadgairs  Couut  de  Hereford  Essex  et  Nor- 
bampton  et  Constable  d'Engleterre,  qe  come  al  Parle- 
ment tenuz  a  Westmonastre,  le  second  jour  de  May, 
Van  du  regne  le  Roi  Henry  nadgairs  Roi  d'Engleterre 
pier  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi  q'ore  est  neofisme  pur- 
partie  estoit  bite  par  enb«  le  dit  nadgairs  Roi  fitz  et 
heir  a  Marie  I'autre  des  files  et  heirs  de  dit  nadgairs 
Count,  et  la  dite  suppliante,  de  toutz  cfaastelx  msnoirs 
ove  lour  appurtenances  et  membres,  et  auzi  dee  hun- 
dredes  terres  tenemente  mareis  fees  des  countees  courts 
viewes  foreetes  parks  boie  et  revereione  ove  les  appur- 


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Roll  of  the  PirliBinent  holden  at  WcmninBtcr  on  Monday  next  beTorc 
the  feast  uf  Saint  Martin,  in  the  first  year  of  the  reign  of  King  Henry  the 
Sixth  after  the  Conqucnt. 

FOK    THE    PARTITION     TO    BE    HADE    BETWEEN    THE    KiNO 

AND  Lady  Anne  Countess  of  Stafford  of  the  fees 
and  adt0w80ns  in  orosa  of  the  heritage  of  the 
Earldom  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  Nortuahptok. 

^TEM,  be  it  known  tbat  a  petition  was  de-  ,thNav. 
livered  in  this  Parliament  by  the  CommoDB  i.D*i4». 
present  in  the  same,  for  Lady  Anne  Countess 
of  Stafford,  daughter  and  heir  of  Eleanor  one 
of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Humphrey  de  Bofaun,  late 
Earl  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northampton,  and  Constable 
of    England,    the    tenor    of  which   here   follows. — Anne  pmmib 
Countess  of  Stafford,  daughter  and  heir  of  Eleanor,  one  countwof 
of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Humphrey  de  Bohun,  late  ^'""^  ^ 
Earl  of  Hereford,  Essex,  and  Northampton,  and  Constable  '^™^,  ^" 
of  England,  beseecheth  our  most  sovereign  lord  the  King,  E^^liL^'^ 
and  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal  of  this  present  Par-  ^^^^ 
liament,  that  whereas  iu  the  Parliament  holden  at  West-  mifbcd*- 
minster  on  the  second  day  of  May  in  the  ninth  year  of  Jj^^' 
the  reign  of  King  Henry,  late  King  of  England,  father  of  uSkk 
our  lord  the  King  who  now  is,  partition  was  made  between  ^  b*'"'' 
the  said  late  King,  son  and  heir  of  Mary  one  other  of  the  gml, « 
daughters  and  co-heirs  of  the  said  late  Earl,  and  the  said  smm 
petitioner,  of  all  castles,  manors,  with  their  appurtenances 
and  members,  and  also  of  the  hundreds,  lands,  tenements, 
marshes,  fees  of  counties,  courts,  views,  forests,  parks. 


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tenauocee  en  Engleteire  et  en  Gales,  ensemblement  ove 
fees  deB  chivalera  et  avoeaons  des  esglises  abbeiees  pri- 
orieee  vicariees  hoepitalx  cbapels  et  autres  benefices  de 
Seint  Eeglise,  et  de  touts  autrea  choses  queuxconqes 
88  ditz  chastelx  manoirs  terres  tenements  et  autres  po8- 
seseionB,  ou  a  ascun  de  eux,  en  ascun  manere  appurte- 
nantz  sppendantz  ou  regardantz ;  dea  queux  le  dit  nad- 
gairs  Count,  aiel  du  dit  nadgairs  Roi  et  du  dite  suppliante, 
fuist  seiu  Bi  bien  en  demesne  come  en  reTersIon  a  temps  de 
sa  moriant  (forapria  les  fees  des  chivalers  et  aToesoDs  des 
esglises  abbeiees  prioriees  vicariees  bospitalx  chapelx  et 
autres  benefices  de  Seinte  Esglise  de  dite  heritage  adonqes 
esteantz  en  groos),  sicome  en  deux  roUes  de  mesme  la  pur- 
parde  enactiez  de  record  en  le  dit  Parlement  est  contenuz 
pluis  au  plain :  et  lee  queux  fees  et  aroesons  eosi  esteantz 
en  groQB,  apres  la  dite  purpartie,  demnrrerent  en  les  mains 
du  dit  nadgairs  Roi  tout  sa  vie  et  unqore  demurront  en  lea 
mains  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi  q'or  est,  a  cause  que  null 
purpartie  ent  fuist  faite  en  la  vie  de  mesme  le  nadgura 
Roi ;  et  auxi  toutz  les  chartres  muniments  et  evidences 
touchantz  ambedeux  parties  del  purpartie  avauntdite  sent 
en  la  garde  de  Johan  Leventborp,  q'est  del  Counsel  del 
Ducbee  de  Lancastre,  quell  Joban  rien  voet  deliverer  des 
ditz  evidences  a  dite  suppliante  sanz  commandement  del 
tree  bonurable  Counaeil  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi.  Et  auxi, 
combien  aur  mesme  la  purpartie,  lee  chastell  et  mauoir  de 
Brekenok,  ove  les  membres,  entre  autres  furent  assignez  al 
purpartie  du  dite  suppliante,  sicome  appiert  par  les  ditz  rolles 
du  dite  purpartie,  (des  queux  chastell  et  manoir  les  seig- 
niouries  de  Penkethlyn,  Brenles,  Langoit,  et  Canturcelly 
en  Gales,  furent  membres  a  temps  du  dite  purpartie,  et 
tout  ditz  a  devauut),  nientmeins  mesmes  les  seigniouries  de 
Penkcthlyn,  Brenles,  Langoit,  et  Canturcelly,  continuel- 


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woods,  and  reTerstoDg,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  England 
and  Wales,  together  vith  knights'  fees  and  advowsons  of 
churches,  abbeys,  priories,  ricarages,  hospitals,  chapels,  and 
other  benefices  of  Holy  Church,  and  of  all  other  things 
whatsoever  in  any  manner  appurtenant  to,  appendent  on, 
or  respecting  the  said  castles,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and 
other  possessions,  or  any  of  them ;  of  which  the  said  late 
Earl,  grandfather  of  the  said  late  Kbg  and  of  the  sud 
petitioner,  was  seised  as  well  in  demesne  as  in  rereruon 
at  the  time  of  his  death  (except  the  knights*  fees  and 
advowsons  of  the  churches,  abbeys,  priories,  vicarages, 
hospitals,  chapels,  and  other  benefices  of  Holy  Church 
of  the  said  heritage  then  being  in  gross),  as  is  more 
fully  contained  in  two  rolls  of  the  same  partition  enacted 
of  record  in  the  same  Parliament :  and  which  fees  and 
advowsons,  so  being  in  gross,  remuned,  after  the  sud 
partition,  in  the  bands  of  the  said  late  King  all  his  IiCe> 
and  yet  remain  in  the  bands  of  our  lord  ths  King  who 
now  is,  by  reason  that  no  partition  was  thereof  made  in 
the  life  of  the  same  late  King ;  and  also  all  the  charters, 
muniments,  and  evidences  touching  both  parts  of  the 
partition  aforesaid  are  in  the  custody  of  John  Leven- 
thorp,  who  is  of  the  Coundl  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancas- 
t^,  which  John  will  deliver  no  part  of  the  said  evidences 
to  the  said  petitioner  without  command  of  the  very  ho- 
norable Coundl  of  our  lord  the  King.  And  whereas,  olso^ 
upon  the  same  partition,  the  castle  and  manor  of  Breck- 
nock, with  the  members,  were,  among  others,  assigned  to 
the  purparty  of  the  said  petitioner,  as  appears  by  the  said 
rolls  of  the  said  partition,  (of  which  castle  and  manor  the 
lordships  of  Penkelly,  Broyn-llys,  Llangoit,  and  Cantrefi'- 
celly  in  Wales  were  members  at  the  time  of  the  said  par- 
tition, and  always  before,)  nevertheless  the  some  lordships 


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194 

ment  puis  la  dite  purpartie  out  demurrez  seiaez  en  lea 
mains  le  dit  nadgairs  Roi  et  en  les  mains  nostra  seig- 
nioiir  le  Roi  q'or  est,  pur  ceo  q'est  pretenduz  par  le 
Counseil  del  dit  Ducbee  de  Lancastre  mesmes  les  seig- 
oiouries  de  Penkethlyn,  Brenles,  Langoit,  et  Canturce11y> 
a  temps  de  dite  purpartie  estre  seigniouries  en  groos  et 
nient  membres  dee  ditz  chastell  et  matroir  de  Brekenock  ; 
et  a  cause  que  null  especial  meodon  fuist  faite  dicell 
en  la  dite  purpartie,  a  tres  grande  perde  et  damage  du 
dite  suppliaote.  Please  a  THautesse  de  nostre  dit  tres 
soverun  seigniour  le  Roi  et  a  lee  tree  sages  discretions 
des  ditz  setgniours  de  ceste  present  Pailement  d*ordeigner, 
par  auctorite  de  mesme  le  Parlement  covenable  vme  pur 
la  partition  a  faire  parentre  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi  et 
la  dite  BuppUante  des  ditz  fees  et  avoesona  esteantz  en 
groos;  et  pur  la  severance  des  ditz  chartres  evidencea 
et  muniments  queux  touchent  aereralment  les  dites  pur- 
parties,  et  auxi  pur  la  manere  de  la  saulf  garde  dea  chartres 
evidences  et  muniments  touchantz  en  comune  de  mesmes 
les  purpartiea;  et  auxi  pur  la  discution  et  determination 
de  lea  claym  et  pretence  suiaditz,  c'eet  assavoir,  le  quel)  des 
ditz  seigniouries  de  Penkethlyn,  Brenlea,  Langoit^  et  Can- 
turcelly,  a  temps  de  dite  purpartie,  furent  s^gniouries  en 
groos,  ou  autrement  membres  et  parcelles  des  ditz  chas- 
tell et  manoir  de  Brekenok.  Et  en  outre  par  mesme  I'auc- 
torite  d'ordeigner  q'en  cas  que  determine  soit  que  les  ditz 
seigniouries  de  Penkethlyn,  Brenlea,  Langoit  et  Cantur- 
celly,  ou  aacun  parcell  dtcell,  furent  ou  fuist,  au  temps 
du  dite  purpartie,  membres  ou  membre  des  ditz  cbastell 
et  manoir  de  Brekenok,  q'adonqes  la  dite  auppliante 
puisse  entrer,  enjoier,  et  reteigner  a  luy  et  a  aes  heirs, 
a  sa  dite  purpartie,  meames  les  seigniouries  ou  parcell 
dlcelles  queux  serront  ou  serra  enai  determinez  ou  de- 


.y  Google 


194 

of  Penkelly,  Broyn-lljra,  Llangoit)  and  Cantreffcelly  have  re- 
mained  ever  eince  the  said  partition  seised  in  the  hands  of 
the  siud  late  King,  and  in  the  hands  of  our  lord  the  King 
who  now  is,  because  it  is  pretended  by  the  Couuci]  of  the 
said  Duchy  of  Lancaster  that  the  same  lordships  of  Pen- 
kelly,  Broyn-llys,  Llangoit,  and  Cantreffcelly  were  at  the 
time  of  the  said  partition  lordships  in  gross,  and  not  men^ 
bers  of  the  said  castle  and  manor  of  Brecknock ;  and  by 
reason  that  no  especial  mention  was  made  of  the  same  in 
the  said  purpar^,  to  the  great  logs  and  damage  of  the  said 
petitioner.  May  it  please  our  most  sovereign  lord  the 
King's  Higbneae,  and  the  stud  very  wise  and  discreet 
Lords  of  this  present  Parliament,  to  ordain,  by  authority 
of  the  same  Parliament,  a  convenient  way  for  making  par- 
tition between  our  lord  the  King  and  the  said  petitioner  of 
the  said  fees  and  advowsons  being  in  gross;  and  for  the 
severance  of  the  sud  charters,  evidences,  and  muniments 
which  touch  the  said  purparties  severally,  and  also  for  the 
manner  of  safe  custody  of  the  charters,  evidences,  and  muni- 
ments touching  the  same  purparties  in  common ;  and  also  for 
the  discussion  and  determination  of  the  claim  and  pretence 
aforesaid,  to  wit,  which  of  the  sud  lordships  of  Penkelly, 
Broyn-llys,  Llangoit,  and  Cantreffcelly  were,  at  the  time  of 
the  said  partition,  lordships  in  gross,  or  else  members  and 
parcels  of  the  said  castle  and  manor  of  Brecknock.  And, 
moreover,  to  ordain,  by  the  same  authori^,  that  in  case  it 
be  determined  that  the  said  lordships  of  Penkelly,  Broyn- 
llys,  Llangoit,  and  Cantreffcelly,  or  any  parcel  of  the  same, 
were  or  was,  at  the  time  of  the  said  partition,  members  or 
member  of  the  sud  castle  and  manor  of  Brecknock,  that 
then  the  said  petitioner  may  enter,  enjoy,  and  retain  to 
her  and  her  heirs,  for  her  said  purparty,  the  same  lordships 
or  parcel  thereof  which  shall  be  so  determined  members  or 


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195 

termioe  membres  ou  pucell  dee  ditz  diastell  et  manoir 
de  Brekenok,  selonc  I'eSiect  et  fonne  del  dtte  primer  pur- 
partie;  et  suxi  q'ele  eit  toutz  lee  iesues  et  profits  ent 
prisez  puis  le  temps  del  dtte  primer  purpartie,  et  tielx 
et  tantz  briefe  desoutz  le  graunde  eeal,  ou  privee  seal 
nostre  seigniour  le  Rot,  pur  lever  mesmee  lee  issues, 
come  semblera  a  dite  suppliante  et  son  coans^ll  meultz 
bosoignables  en  ceste  partie.  Et  en  cae  que  determioe 
soit  que  meemes  les  seigniourieB  ou  ascun  parcel!  d'icelU 
s  temps  de  dite  primer  purpartie,  furent  en  groos,  et 
nient  membres  des  ditz  cbastell  et  manoir  de  Brekenok, 
adonqea  d'ordeigner  voie  pur  la  partition  ent  a  bire 
par  entre  nostre  dit  seigniour  le  Roi  et  Is  dite  sup- 
pliante, et  q'ele  eit  toutz  les  issues  et  profits  prorenauntz 
puis  1«  temps  du  dite  primer  purpartie  de  tout  ceo  q'eot 
serra  aseigoe  a  la  purpartie  de  dite  suppliante,  et  auxi 
tielx  et  atantz  dea  briefs  desoutz  le  graunde  seal,  ou  privee 
seal  nostre  seigniour  le  Roi,  pur  lever  mesmes  les  issues 
et  profitz,  come  semblera  a  dite  suppliante  et  a  son  coun- 
seill  meultz  boeoignables,  et  ceo  pur  Dieu  et  en  oevere 
de  cbarite.  Considerant  que  les  feoSes  du  dit  Humfrey 
de  Bobuo  lesserent  a  Jobanne  de  Bohun,  jadie  Countesse 
de  Hereford,  que  I^eux  aBsoille,  manoirs  terres  et  tene- 
ments a  la  value  de  cent  livers  par  an,  a  tenir  a  dite 
Countesse  pur  sa  vie,  isaint  que  apres  la  mort  de  dite 
Countesse  mesmes  les  manoirs  terres  et  tenements  re- 
maiodroient  as  ditz  Marie  et  Alianor^  files  et  beirs  du 
dit  Count,  pur  toutz  jours:  quell  Marie  morust  vivant 
la  dite  Altanore,  par  quoi  la  reversion  dee  mesmes  les 
manoirs  terres  et  tenements  accrust  a  dite  ALianore  par 
la  survivor ;  la  quele  Alianore  morust^  par  quoi  la  re- 
version dee  ditz  manoirs  terres  et  tenements  deecendist 
a  dite  suppliante,  come  a  file  et  heir  la  dite  Alianore : 


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165 

parcel  of  the  eaid  castle  and  manor  of  Brecknock,  accord- 
ing to  the  efl^t  and  form  of  the  said  first  partition ;  and 
also  that  she  may  have  all  the  issues  and  profits  thence 
taken  since  the  time  of  the  aaid  first  partition,  and  such 
and  so  many  writs  under  Uie  great  seal  or  privy  seal  of  our 
lord  the  King,  to  tery  the  rame  issues,  as  sliall  seem  to  tbe 
said  petitioner  and  her  counsel  most  necessary  in  this  re- 
spect And  in  case  it  he  determined  that  the  same  lord- 
ships or  any  parcel  thereof  were  in  gross  at  the  time  of 
the  said  first  partition,  and  not  members  of  the  said  castle 
and  manor  of  Brecknock,  then  to  ordain  a  way  for  parti- 
tion thereof  to  he  made  between  our  stud  lord  the  King 
and  the  said  petitioner,  and  that  she  may  have  all  the 
issues  and  profits  arising  since  the  time  of  the  sud  first 
partition  Irom  all  that  which  shall  be  thereof  assigned  to 
the  purparty  of  the  said  petitioner,  and  also  such  and  so 
many  writs  under  the  great  seal  or  privy  seal  of  our  lord 
the  King,  to  levy  the  same  issues  and  profits,  as  shall  seem 
to  the  said  petitioner  and  her  counsel  most  necessary,  and 
this  for  God  and  as  a  work  of  charity.  Considering  that 
the  feofiees  of  the  said  Humphrey  de  Bohun  released  to 
Joan  de  Bohun,  late  Countess  of  Hereford,  whom  God 
pardon,  manors,  lands,  and  tenements  to  the  value  of  one 
hundred  pounds  a-year,  to  hold  to  the  said  Countess  for 
her  life,  so  that  after  the  death  of  the  said  Countess  the 
same  manors,  lands,  and  tenements  should  remaiu  for 
ever  to  the  said  Mary  and  Eleanor,  daughters  and  co- 
heirs of  the  said  Earl ;  which  Mary  died  during  tbe  life 
of  the  said  Eleanor,  whereby  the  reversion  of  the  same 
manors,  lands,  and  tenements  accrued  to  the  said  Eleanor 
by  Burvivonhip;  which  Eleanor  died,  whereby  the  rever- 
sion of  the  said  manors,  lands,  and  tenements  descended 
to  the  said  petitioner,  as  daughter  and  heir  to  the  said 


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et  nient  obstant  cell  descent,  la  dite  BuppliantCt  al  plerir 
du  dit  nadgaire  Roi,  pier  nostre  Beigniour  le  Roi  q'or 
eat,  mist  mesmes  lee  manoirs  terree  et  tenements  en 
purpartie,  eDsemblement  ove  le  remeoaunt  de  meune  I'en- 
beritance.-~A  la  quele  supplication  leeu  en  mesme  le 
Parlement,  et  bien  entendu,  respondu  fuit  en  le  maaere 
come  cy  ensuit 

Responsio. — Soit  ceete  supplication,  ore  la  respons 
cy  ensuant,  apres  ceo  q'eles  soient  enroUes  en  le  roll 
d'icell  Parlement,  mandez  a  le  grande  Conseil  du  Roi : 
et  que  SUT  ceo  les  Seigniours  de  mesme  le  Conseil,  pur 
le  temps  esteantz  preeentz  en  le  mesme,  aient  pleia  poair 
par  auctorite  de  ceo  mesme  Parlement  d'ordeaer  pur  et 
de  les  partition  a  faire,  et  discutions,  determinations,  et 
toutz  les  autres  choses  et  matiers  en  la  dite  supplica- 
tion especi&eez,  et  les  circumstances  d'iceles,  eelonc  lour 
bones  advises  et  discretions. 


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196 

Eleanor:  and  notwithBtanding  this  desceott  the  said  peti- 
tioner, at  the  pleasure  of  the  said  late  King,  father  of  our 
lord  the  King  who  now  is,  placed  the  same  manors,  lands, 
and  tenements  in  purpartj',  together  with  the  remainder 
of  the  same  inheritance.  To  which  petition,  read  in  the 
same  Parliament,  and  well  understood,  answer  was  made 
in  manner  as  here  follows. 

Answer. — Let  this  petition,  with  the  answer  here  fol- 
lowing, after  they  shall  have  been  enrolled  on  the  roll  of 
this  Parliament,  be  sent  to  the  Great  Council  of  the 
King :  and  thereupon  let  the  Lords  of  the  same  Council, 
for  the  time  being  present  in  the  same,  have  full  power,  by 
authority  of  this  same  Parliament,  to  ordain  for  and  re- 
specting the  partition  to  be  made,  and  the  diecussions,  de> 
terminations,  and  all  other  things  and  matters  spedfied  in 
the  said  petition,  and  the  circumstances  thereof,  according 
to  their  good  advice  and  discretion. 


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Pctiiio  in  Parliunento  tento  anno  rcgni  Regis  Hcnrici  Scxti  post  Con- 
queBtuiD  dccimo. 

I  ^  NOSTRE    tres    eovereigne   seigniour  noBtre 

^  seigniour  ]e  Roy  supplie  humblement  Anne 
|J  Countesse  de  Stafford,  file  et  heir  Alianora 
B  une  dez  filez  et  heirs  Humfrei  de  Bofaun  jadis 
Count  de  Hereford,  E^ssex,  et  Northampton,  et  Constable 
d'Engleterre,  qe  come  but  certein  aqcorde  ewe  parentre  le 
tres  noble  Prince  Henry  jadis  Roy  d''Engleterre  Tostre 
Ires  noble  piere,  qe  Dieu  assoil,  fitz  et  heir  Marie,  autre 
dez  filez  et  heirs  du  dit  Count,  purpartie  foist  fait  par- 
entre vostre  dit  tres  noble  piere  et  la  dite  suppliant, 
par  auctorite  de  Parlement  vostre  dit  tree  noble  piere 
tenuz  a  Weetmonastre  le  secund  jour  de  May  I'an  do 
son  reigne  neofisme,  de  tontz  chastels  et  manoire  ove 
lour  appurtenantz  et  dez  bundredes  terres  tenementz 
mariscz  fees  couDtees  courtez  rewez  forestez  parkes 
boysz  reversions  et  autres  poseessioDS  qeconqes,  ove  lour 
appurtenantz,  en  Engleterre,  Galez,  et  Marche  de  Gales, 
des  queux  le  dit  Count  murust  seisie,  sibien  en  demesne 
come  en  reversion,  forspris  feez  et  avousons  esteantz  en 
gros.  Et  auxi  en  mesme  le  Parlement  acorde  fuist  par- 
entre vostre  dit  tres  noble  piere  et  la  dite  suppliant, 
qe  la  dite  suppliant  ferroit  particion  de  lez  fees  et  avou- 
sons  en  gros  avant  ditz ;  et  qe  vostre  dit  tres  noble  piere 
eslieroit  la  quele  part  qe  luy  plerra  de  lez  fees  et  avousons 
en  gros  avant  ditz,  issint  par  la  dite  suppliant  a  departiers, 
lesqueus  uuquore  remaignent  en  voz  mains  nient  depar- 


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.  K 


1  ihe  Poiliamcnt  holden  in  the  tenth  yeat  of  the  reign  of  King 
Henry  the  Sixth  after  the  Conquest. 

~<NNE  Coontefls  of  Staflbrd,  daughter  and  heir  > 
I  of  Eleanor  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  ' 
of  Humphrey  de  Bohun,  late  Earl  of  Here-  { 
ford,  Essex,  and  Nortfaampton,  and  Constable 
of  England,  humbly  beseecheth  our  most  eovereigD  lord  Patithn 
our  lord  the  King,  that  whereas  upon  a  certain  agreement  ^J^JJ"^ 
had  between  the  most  noble  Prince  Henry  late  King  of  S3!!!tfifcl 
England,  your  very  noble  father,  whom  God  pardon,  aon  ^S^i^' 
and  heir  of  Mary,  one  other  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  Gotumof 
of  the  said  Earl,  partition  was  made  between  your  said  very  otamtnt. 
noble  father  and  the  said  petitioner,  by  authority  of  the 
Parliament  of  your  said  very  noble  father  holden  at  West- 
minster on  the  second  day  of  May  in  the  ninth  year  of  his 
reign,  of  all  the  castles  and  manors  with  their  appurte- 
nances, and  of  the  hundreds,  lands,  tenements,  marshes, 
fees  of  counties,  courts,  views,  forests,  parks,  woods,  rever- 
sions, and  other  possesnons  whatsoever,  with  their  appur- 
tenances, in  England,  Wales,  and  the  Marches  of  Wales,  of 
which  the  said  Earl  died  seised,  as  well  in  demesne  as  in 
reversion,  except  fees  and  advowsons  being  in  gross.     And 
it  was  also  agreed  in  the  same  Parliament  between  your 
said  very  noble  father  and  the  said  petitioner,  that  the  said 
petitioner  should  make  partition  of  the  aforesaid  fees  and 
advowsons  in  gross,  and  that  your  said  very  noble  father 
should  choose  winch  share  should  please  him  of  the  afore- 
said fees  and  advowsons  in  gross,  so  to  be  divided  by  the 


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198 

tie&  Qe  please  a  voatre  Hautesae  de  grauntier  par  auc- 
torite  de  cest  present  Parlement,  <]e  la  dit  Countesse 
poet  tare  particion  dez  feez  et  avousons  en  groa  avant 
ditz,  et  lez  particions  issint  a  furs  mettier  en  vostre 
Chauncerie  en  escriptz,  et  qe  apres  mesme  la  parti- 
cion ensy  hit,  voz  Cbaunceler  et  Tresorer  d'Engletene 
pur  le  temps  esteantz  eient  power  par  mesme  I'auctoritee 
d'eslier  pur  vous  quele  part  qe  lour  semblera  meiliour 
pur  vouB  dee  feee  et  avousons  en  gros  avant  ditz ;  et  qe  la 
dite  Countesse  poet  entrer  aver  et  enjoier,  et  eit  et  enjoie 
lez  ditz  feez  et  avousons  en  gros  avaut  ditz,  nient  pur  vous 
esluz  par  lez  Chaunceler  et  Treeorer  avant  ditz,  et  eux 
tener  a  luy  et  a  sez  heirs,  sans  reclamacion  ou  empecbe* 
ment  de  vous  ou  de  voz  heirs  en  temps  a  vener,  sanz 
auer  livere,  licence,  pardon,  ou  ascoun  autre  euyte,  en 
ascoun  autre  nuaer,  de  lez  fees  et  avousons  en  gros  avant 
ditz :  et  oustre  ceo,  qe  lez  ditz  particion  et  electioa  issint 
a  fairs  faitz  estoient  en  lour  fors  a  touts  jours  par  auctorite 
Buts  ditz,  ascuns  descent,  doune,  graunt,  feflement,  matier 
ou  cause  qeconqea  nient  obsteantz.  Savant  tout  foitz  a 
toutz  voz  liegez  lour  actions  titulez  et  interessez,  ei  ascuits 
eient  en  ycelles.     Pur  Dieu  et  en  eovere  de  charitee. 

A  ceste  bille  les  Communes  ouut  doune  lour  assent. 
{In  dor  so.) 

FACIAT  infrascripta  Comitissa  partitionem  de  feodi 
et  advocationibus  in  grosso,  in  preeaenti  petitione  specifi- 
catie,  et  eandem  partitionem  sic  factam  deferat  in  canceU 
lariam  domini  Regis,  et  vocatis  coram  Cancellario  et  The- 
saurario  AngUaa  pro  tempore  ezistentibus,  in  cancellaria 
preedicta,  Camerario  et  Generali  Receptore  ducatus  Lan- 
coBtriee,  ac  aliis  de  concilio  Regis  ejusdem  ducatus  quos 
praahti  Cancellarius  et  Thesaurarius  in  hac  parte  fore  vi- 
derint  evocandos,  habeant  iidem  Cancellarius  et  Thesau- 


^dbyGOOglC    ■ 


said  petitionei;  the  which  yet  remain  undivided  in  your 
hands.  May  it  please  your  Highness  to  grant,  hy  au- 
tbority  of  this  present  ParliameDt,  that  the  said  Countess 
may  make  partition  of  the  aforeswd  fees  and  advowsoos 
in  gross,  and  place  the  porUons  so  to  be  made  in  writing 
in  your  Chancery)  and  that  after  the  same  partiUon  so 
made  your  Chancellor  and  Treasurer  of  England  for  the 
time  being  may  have  power  by  the  same  authority  to 
choose  for  you  the  portion  which  sbatl  seem  to  them 
the  better  for  you  of  the  aforesaid  fees  and  advowsons  in 
gross ;  and  that  the  said  Countess  may  be  enabled  to  enter, 
have,  and  enjoy,  and  may  have  and  enjoy,  the  said  fees  and 
advowsoQs  in  gross  aforesaid  not  chosen  for  you  by  the 
Chancellor  and  Treasurer  aforesaid,  and  hold  them  to 
herself  and  to  her  heirs,  without  reclaim  or  binder- 
ance  of  you,  or  of  your  heirs  in  time  to  come,  without 
suing  livery,  licence,  pardon,  or  any  other  suit,  in  any 
other  manner,  of  the  fees  and  advowsons  in  gross  afore- 
said :  and  moreover,  that,  the  said  partition  and  choice 
so  to  be  made  having  been  made,  they  may  remain  in 
their  force  for  ever  by  the  authority  abovesaid,  any  d^ 
scent,  gift,  grant,  feoffment,  matter,  or  cause  whatever 
notwithstanding.  Saving  always  to  all  your  lieges  their 
actions,  titles,  and  interests,  if  any  they  have  in  the  same. 
For  God  and  as  a  work  of  chanty. 

To  this  bill  the  Commons  have  given  their  assent. 
(On  the  back.) 

LET  the  within-written  Countess  make  partition  of  the  t 
fees  and  advowsons  in  gross  specified  in  the  present  peti- 
tion, and  let  her  carry  the  same  partition  so  made  into  the 
Chancery  of  our  lord  the  King;  and  the  Chamberlain  and 
Receiver  General  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  others 
of  the  King's  Council  of  the  same  Duchy  of  Lancaster 


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1»9 

niriiis  plenam,  auctoritate  prseseoUs  Parliamenti,  potes- 
tatem  eligendi  pro  domino  Rege  illam  propartem  quun 
de  aTisamento  et  asseneu  dictonim  Camerarii,  Receptoris, 
et  aliorum  de  dicto  concilio,  melius  pro  domino  Rege  v'u 
debitur  eligendam.  Qua  quidem  elecdoue  per  prce&txw 
Cancellariiun  et  TbeBaurarium  in  fonuB  prmdicta  facU, 
habeat  prtehta  Comitissa  auctoritate  prsedicta  l^ra- 
tionem  extra  manua  Regis  alterius  propartis  ipBam  coq- 
tingentis  in  forma  juris. 


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199 

whom  the  Chancellor  and  Treasurer  of  England  for  the 
time  being  shall  see  proper  to  be  called  in  this  caae, 
being  called  into  the  aforesaid  Chancery  before  the  afore- 
said  Chancellor  and  Treasurer,  let  the  same  Chancel- 
lor and  Treasurer,  by  authority  of  the  present  Parlia- 
ment, have  the  full  power  of  chooBing  for  our  lord  the 
King  that  purparty  which,  by  the  advice  and  assent  of  the 
said  Chamberlain,  Receiver,  and  others  of  the  aud  Council,, 
shall^  seem  the  better  to  be  chosen  for  our  lord  the  King. 
Which  choice  having  been  made  by  the  aforesaid  Chan- 
cellor and  Treasurer  in  form  aforesaid,  let  the  aforesaid 
Countess,  by  the  authority  aforesud,  have  livery  in  due 
form  out  of  the  King's  hands  of  the  other  purparty  belong- 
ing to  herself. 


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Sa' 


Rotulua  Pwlinraenli  icnti  apud  Wcatraoimslcrium  in  cmstino  Sancti 
Martini,  anno  rcgni  R<^is  Hcnrici   Scicli  post  ConqiiCEtum  dccimo  oc- 


^TEM,  for  BO  mocbe  as  the  King  oure  Sovecayn 
^  Lord,  havyng  fcnowelicbe  of  grete  murmour 
Si  and  clamour  that  shold  be  in  hie  Roialme  of 
§  Englond  for  non  paiment  of  the  dispeo^s  of 
hia  Houshold,  willyng,  of  his  goode  grace,  paiment  to  his 
liege  peple  to  be  made  for  the  dispeoais  of  the  same  Hous- 
hold, grauDteth  and  ordeinetb  bi  tbaeseiit  of  the  Lordes 
Spirituell  and  Temporell,  aod  the  Communes  of  the  saide 
Roialme,  in  this  present  Parlement  assemblid,  and  bi  auc- 
torite  of  the  same  Parlement,  that  alle  the  profites,  issues, 
revenues,  cnstames  and  commoditees,  comyng  or  for  to 
come,  of  alle  the  castellis,  bonnurea,  maners,  lordschippes, 
landis,  tenementie,  rentes,  reversions,  serrices,  fraunchiees, 
libertees,  viewes  of  Irancplegge,  bundredea,  letis,  courtis^ 
and  alle  other  enheritaunces  and  poBsessions  of  the  Ducbie 
of  Lancastre  remaynyng  in  his  hand,  and  of  the  Ducbie  of 
Cornewaille,  while  the  same  Duchie  eball  be  in  hia  band, 
fro  the  feat  of  Seint  Michell  the  archangel]  last  passid, 
except  alle  fees,  wages,  annuytees,  reparations,  and  other 
cbargis  necessarie  goyng  out  of  the  same,  be  ordeined> 
aplied,  and  emploied  to  the  dtspensis  of  his  saide  Hous- 
hold, and  delivered  bi  the  Receyvours  General!  of  the 
aaide  Duchies  for  the  tyme  beyng  to  the  Tresourer  of 
his  saide  Houehold  for  the  tyme  beyng,  bi  endentures 
thereof  bitwene  thaym  to  be  made:    and  that  the  Re- 


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901 

ceyvours  Qenenll  of  the  said  Duchees,  uppon  thair  ac- 
compt  alleweyes  shall  have  allowance  and  discharge  of  thair 
paymentJB,  made  hi  8uche  endentures.  And  yf  the  Bame 
Receyvours  make  payement  in  eny  other  wise  than  in 
fourme  aforeseide,  that  than  thereof  they  be  disalowed 
uppoD  thaiTfl  accompt:  Savyng  to  alle  the  Kiiig''B  lieges 
there  title,  right,  and  interesse  that  they  hare  in  the  seide 
Ducheee,  or  in  eny  parcell  thereof,  this  Acte  notwithstand- 
yng :  and  that  this  Ordinance  endure  to  the  ende  of  fire 
yere  next  ensuyng. 


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Rotulus  Partiamenti  tentj  apiid  Westmonaiterium  in  crastino  Seocti 
Martini,  anno  regni  Regie  Henrici  Sexti  poat  Conqueatura  decimo  oc- 

Bui.  Piri-  EM,  queedam  cedula,  sive  billa,  Communibus 

Tr'arLmi.  >rBBdicti8,    dc   mandato  ipBiua  Domini  Regis, 

uth  Jan.  'xhibita    fuit   et   liberata    sub  hac   verborum 

18  Bm.  a. 

*■=■  1«»-  erie ; 

Thaiuitiui^  For  so  moch  as  the  King  our  Soverain  Lord  is  en- 
DUMonh.  fourmed  of  gret  murmour  and  clamour  that  shuld  be  in 
ofLl^™»?  ''■^  Roialme  ber  in  Englond  tbat  the  Purveours  of  his 
tt^fSXV'  Houshold  taken  dayly  for  hym  of  his  peple  of  this  land 
FkuTiha^    their   oxen,    sbepe,   pullaile,   wfaete,   otes,   barlich,   malt, 

PIflh'iWill.  /         1       i-  1.  1 

i»y<mi  beneB,  all  manere  of  salt-fyseh,  wyn,  ale,  vax,  spicere, 
""iM  ^  ^°^  ^'^  manere  vitaille  and  stuff  ]>at  longith  to  Housbold, 
^ita^EUg"  *'*''  cariage;  under  colour  of  the  which  takyug,  and 
HooubDiif:  g^Qjeiy  of  more  }>an  ig  necessarie  to  his  Hous,  and  in 
diversez  wises  by  diversez  menes  not  resonable,  take  ex- 
actions  of  his  people  be  colour  of  |)office  and  taking  afore- 
said, notwithstondyng  full  noble  ordinances  peaalee  that 
have  ben  mad  therof  in  bis  full  noble  progenitours'  tyme, 
to  their  importable  hurt:  for  the  which  causes  our  Sove- 
raine  Lord  t>e  King  aforesaid,  bavyng  compasBion  of  bis 
people^s  compleynt,  have  sought  )>e  meenes  howe  his  said 
Housbold  and  the  dispensez  ]>erof  might  be  contened  and 
assetbed,  and  bis  people  noght  so  greved ;  in  so  moch  ]>at 
for  he  cause  {lat  be  havyng  consideration  to  Jie  manyfold 
grete  charges  Jtat  he  hath  for  ]>e  defence  outward,  and  for 
the  pollitique  reule  of  this  his  lond  within,  forth  it  couth 
not  be  seen  howe  bis  revenue  above   this   charges  wold 


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etreche,  to  }>fl  pleyn  coDtentyng  of  the  dispeiiBet  of  bis 
said  Hoiuhold:  for  the  which  he  desired  my  Ixird  }« 
CardiDall  and  the  Lord  Huogerford,  nowe  beyng  present 
in  this  Parlement,  FeoSee  with  the  Archebishop  of  Caun- 
terbury  of  a  part  of  the  Duchie  of  Lancastre,  in  certeing 
castells,  hoenoars,  nutners,  lordships,  Isnds,  tenements, 
rentz,  reversions  and  serricee,  A-aunchiseas,  libertees,  vewes 
of  francplegge,  hundredes,  leetes,  fees,  advowsons,  proffitz, 
commodites,  and  other  enheritaunces  and  possessions,  by 
the  feffement  of  the  most  Cristen  Priace,  of  the  most  vic- 
torioue  and  blessid  memorie,  fader  to  our  said  Sovertun 
Lord,  pat  ]>ei  wold  assent  }>Bt  )>e  said  rerenus  of  ther 
feffementz  myght  be  emploied  for  paimeot  apart  for  the 
dispenses  of  his  said  Houghold ;  to  the  which  my  said 
Lord  the  Cardinall  and  the  Lord  Hungerford  answered 
unto  die  Kyngea  Highnesse,  that  it  was  not  unknowen 
to  hym  howe  that  the;  were  entitled  as  strongly  and  as 
treuly  as  the  lawe  coutb  make  hem,  and  howe  that  the 
most  noble  King,  &der  to  our  Soveraine  Lord,  praied 
hem,  usyng  of  his  grace  thes  termes,  to  perfounne  and 
fulfille  his  wille,  the  which  be  be  writing  declared  unto 
■them,  of  the  revenues  of  the  said  feoffement;  and  ther 
upon  thei  as  trewe  FeofTes  have  fullfilled  a  gret  part,  and 
wold  doo,  of  his  will,  and  all  ebuld  er  this  tyme  have  doon, 
ne  hadde  leen  )>e  gret  loones  and  presttes  )>e  which  )>ei 
have  afore  this  tyme  made  unto  our  said  Soverain  Lord, 
the  which,  as  it  apperith  of  record,  is  owyng  unto  hem 
at  this  day  of  many  thousands:  declaryng  forthermore 
unto  our  said  SoTersine  Lords,  that,  if  his  said  wille 
were  fully  perfourmed,  ^ei  wold  with  all  )reir  bertes 
make  hym  astate  of  all  the  said  castella,  honnures,  ma- 
tters, lordehipps,  landes,  tenementz,  rentz,  reverEions,  ser- 
Ticez,  and  all  o)>er  enheritaunces  and  posseBsiena  afore- 
2  D  s 


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said  ])at  ^y  were  enfeffed  ynne,  and  bo  )>ey  wold  have 
doon  er  this,  hadde  not  )>e  eaid  chevisaunce  bee.  Never- 
tbeles,  notwitbatondiDg  that  all  is  sot  perfonnned  of  the 
8wd  ville,  yet  ])e  said  Feffee  under  certain  conditions  ]>e 
which  })at  folowen,  have  graunted  unto  )>e  King,  )>at 
after  )>e  dette  ))at  is  owyng  unto  the  said  Cardinall  and 
to  the  eaid  ArchebisBhop  of  Caunterbury  pued,  for  the 
which  assignement  was  made  by  ]ie  Feffee  upon  ]>e.  said 
lordshipps,  maners,  and  other  enheritaunces  comprised  in 
the  said  feoffement,  to  certain  personez  by  the  King's  com- 
maundement,  to  Jie  use  of  the  said  Cardinall  and  Archie* 
bisahop,  reservyng  first  to  the  sud  Feoffes  2,00021  yerely, 
unto  the  tyme  )>ei  have  full!  perfournied  )>e  said  King's 
will  ]>ere  FeSbur;  and  after  the  said  2,000^  reaerved,  and 
pe  fees,  annuitees,  wages,  and  reparations  yerely  paied, 
and  o}>er  assignementz  afore  this  tyme  made  upon  ]>e  said 
maners,  loidsbipa,  landes  and  tenements,  paied,  that  all 
)>e  surpluse  of  the  said  revenue,  such  as  shall  be  found 
deue  upon  ]>e  accompts  fro  tyme  to  tyme  of  ]>e  Receyvour 
Generall  for  the  tyme  beyng  of  the  said  Feffea  of  ]>e 
maners,  lands,  teuementz,  and  other  enheritaunce  afbr- 
said,  afore  the  Auditours  of  the  seid  Feoffes  for  the  tyme 
beyng,  shall  be  delyvered  by  warant  of  )re  siud  Feoffes  to 
the  Tresorer  of  J)e  Kyng's  Houshold  for  the  tyme  beyng, 
for  }>expensflz  of  )>e  same  Household,  by  indentures  )>erof 
to  be  made  betven  hem  )>at  such  warant  shall  have  for 
to  pfue  and  delivere  )>e  said  surpluse,  and  }>e  said  Tre- 
sorer; of  )>e  which  surpluse  so  receyved  }>e  said  Tre- 
sorer shall  accompt  in  the  King's  Escbequer,  and  }iat 
thei  )>&t  shalle  have  such  warantz  have  due  allouaunce 
upon  ther  accomptz,  to  be  made  to  I>e  said  Feffea  by  J>e 
said  indentures;  and  yef  ]>ei  make  paiment  in  o]>er  wise, 
])at  )>an  J>ei  be  disalowed  [rerof  in  ))eir  accomptz.     And 


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905 

)>at  )ie  said  Feoffee,  nor  )re  said  Receyvour  General],  nor 
DooD  }>at  shall  have  warant  of  such  paymentz  of  Jre  said 
Fe^B,  or  any  of  hem,  shall  not  be  compelled  to  accompt 
for  the  said  revenue  in  noon  ojrer  place  J>an  afore  the 
Auditour  or  Auditours  of  the  said  Feffee;  and  yef  the 
eaide  surplus  be  not  emptoied  to  }>e  King's  Houshold 
as  it  ie  aforesaid,  Jiat  then  it  be  leefuU  to  })e  said  Fefies 
to  restreyne  ])e  said  «arantz  and  paymentz.  The  condi- 
tions aforesaid  ben  theee.  Oon,  t>at  it  like  the  King  of 
bis  grace  to  declare  by  hie  lettres  patentez  ))at  ^  said 
Fe^  mow,  with  )>eir  worehipp,  which  }>ei  tendre  most 
of  any  ertly  thin^  do  as  is  abovesaid,  and  for  the  causes 
above  declared  drawe  so  moch  ^  lengar  )»  fulfylling  of 
)>e  King's  ]>eir  Feffour's  will  and  enteut;  and  }iat  every 
of  }>e  said  Feffes  may  have  severall  patents  ]>erof  for 
)>e  conservation  of  ]>eir  worshipp.  The  secound  condi- 
tion is,  how  be  it  )>at  the  said  Feffes  owght  not  by  rigour 
of  lawe  to  declare  hem  self  of  }>expendyng  and  demenyng 
of  ]>e  proffitz  and  revenue  of  )>e  said  castells,  honnurs 
and  maners,  ojiere  enheritauncez  and  posseseioDS  afore- 
said, comprised  in  ]>e  said  feoSement;  yit  of  ther  own 
free  will  ])ei  have  shewed  )>at  jwre  was  never  noon  of 
hem  ]>at  ever  hadde  any  of  the  said  revenue  to  their 
owne  behoofe,  but  treuly,  ae  they  wolle  answer  afore 
God,  hath  diepended  it  accordyng  to  ))entept  of  ))e  K}-ng 
]>eir  Feffour :  that  by  consideration  }>erof  the  said  Feofifes, 
tber  heirs,  ezecutours  and  terretenauntz,  ne  noon  of  hem, 
be  empecbed,  vexed,  nor  endamaged  by  the  King,  his 
heirs  and  successours,  for  takyng  or  receyvyng  of  any 
iseuee,  revenuez,  commoditez,  or  any  proffitz,  he  hem 
or  any  of  hem,  or  by  any  other  in  ^ir  name,  of  ^  said 
caetell,  honnurs,  maners,  enheritauncez,  and  o]>er  posses- 
eione  comyng,  taken,  or  receyved,  hot  tberof  thay  be  quitt 


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and  discharged ;  and  ])at  ))e  said  conditlonB  and  alle  pe 
premissez  mygbt  be  graunted  and  enacted  by  auctorite 
of  this  present  Parlement :  it  alwey  provided,  that  noon 
of  the  londes,  teoementz  and  poHsesaioiis,  )iat  the  eeide 
Feffei  have  made  eetat  or  release  o^  by  pe  ordinaunce, 
will,  or  comtnaundement  of  the  King  that  deed  is,  or 
the  Kyng  that  nowe  is,  nor  any  revenua  )iat  have  or 
shall  bo  received  of  )>e  same,  he  compnsed  under  )>e 
force  or  honde  of  this  act,  as  toward  any  restitutioD  to 
be  made  of  hem  by  the  seide  FeSez  to  the  Kyng,  his 
heirs  or  successours;  or  to  any  other  enteDt  myght  be 
to  the  charge  or  honde  of  theim,  their  hnrs,  executours 
or  terretenauntz. 

Cui  quidem  oedulaB,  sive  billse,  ac  nateris  in  ea  con- 
tent», iidem  Communee  assenaum  suum  prsebuenint  sub 
hiis  verbis : 

A  cest  bille  lea  Conammies  sount  asseotuz, 
Quihus  quidem  cedula,  sive  billa,  et  assensu,  coram 
ipso  Domino  fllege  in  Parliamento  praedicto,  ac  Dotninis 
SpiritualibuB  et  Temporalibus  in  eodem  exiatentihuB,  lecUs 
et  plenius  intellectiB,  idem  Dominus  Rex,  habita  inde  cum 
etsdem  Dominis  matura  et  diligente  deliberatione,  de  avi- 
samento  et  assensu  eorundem  Dominorum  et  Communi- 
tatie,  auctoritate  Parliament!  pnedicti,  concessit  omnia  et 
singula  in  billa,  sive  cedula,  et  assenau  prsedictis  specie 
ficata  et  contenta,  et  voluit  et  concessit  quod  es  in  Par- 
liamento prsedicto  inactitentur  de  recordo. 


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Rotdua  Parliameiiti  tenti  apud  WeatmomuleiiuiD  in  crutino  Sancti 
MartiDi,  anno  legnWRcgis  Heorici  Sexti  post  Conqueatom  decimo  0«- 

i  REYN   you    the    Commanes,  that  where    it  Rat.  Pan. 
liketb  you  afore  this  trme,  for  the  defenee  of  n.<i™n  ' 

Tnu.  Loud. 

tbiH  your  noble  Reaume,   to  applie   and  dis*  umju. 

pende  divers  DOtables  aommes  of  the  revenues  '».  imo. 
of  yuure  Corone,  the  which  sommes,  an  they  had  not  be  jb^b^ih* 
applied  to  the  said  defens,  had  hen  expended  in  your  flftMoih 
Howsebolde  and  neceBearies  expensis  therto  longyng^  and  '^^^ 
divers  of  your  pouer  Communes  of  tiiis  your  noble  Reaume,  JJ.*^S.S 
for  vitailles  and  other  ueceBBarieB  for  your  Howseholde  of  HnHkJld^* 
theym  purveyd  and  take,  paied  and  satisfied;  and  now  it- 
is  BO,  that  ye,  Soveraiu  Lord,  of  your  tendre  pite  and  com- 
. passion,  consideryng  the  grete  hynderyng  and  clamour  of 
the  sud  diverse  of  your  Communes  be  mene  of  the  aud 
purvyance  so  had,  be  thadvis  of  your  Lordes  Spirituel  and 
Temporel  in  this  your  present  Parlement  assembled,  and 
be   thauctoritee  of  the  same,  have  ordeyned  of  the  reve- 
nues  of  your   Duches  of  Lancaatre   and   of  Comewaile 
to  be  applied  to  your  said  Housolde  dispenses,  and  to 
noon   other   use;    in    settyng  aside   thabuse   of  the  said 
purveaunce,  and  sessyng  of  the  said  diverse  clamour  and 
hynderyng  of  your  said  Communes. 

*  S«e  more  relating  to  the  Revenues  of  the  Duchies  of  lAncaster  and 
Cornwall  applied  to  the  expeoaea  of  the  King's  Houacholil,  on  the  Par- 
liament Rolla,  tdI.  v.  pp.  63,  63,  174,  17fi,  246,  £47  ;  viz.  in  the  Par- 
liaments holdcn  SO  Hen.  6.  (n.  36  and  36),  28  Hen.  6  (n.  13),  31  and 
3S  Hen.  6  (n.  43  and  44). 


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Please  it  you,  our  Soverain  Lord,  of  your  benyogne  grace, 
that  of  the  xv™  and  dyme  of  your  Iwe  people  of  this  your 
noble  Roialme  graunted  unto  you  for  the  defense  of  your 
said  Roialme,  at  this  your  present  Parlement,  that  than  it 
like  you  to  graunt  and  ordeyn  that  the  fouitbe  part  of  the 
said  XT'"  and  x™  nowe  graunled,  puable  at  the  feet  of  the 
Natirite  of  Seint  John  Baptist  next  comyng,  he  delivered 
to  your  Tresorer  of  your  Housholde  for  the  tyme  beyng 
to  pay  redie  money  in  hand  for  expenses  of  your  said 
Housholde,  as  ferre  as  the  said  money  will  atteyn  or 
stretch  to. 

RisFOHBio. — Le  Roy  le  voeL 


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RotuluB  PsrliKmenti  tenti  spud  WestmonaBteriuin  in  die  CoDveraioDiB 
d  Paul],  anno  r^ni  Regis  Henhci  Sexti  post  ConquesCum  viceaimo. 

SO    the  Kyng  oure  Soreraia  Lord    besechetbe  11^''*']' 

]  youre  Communes  of  this  youre  present  Parle-  5^-  ^^ 

I  ment  assonbled,  that  it  plese  youre  Highneise  "■^'•o- 

i  to  cooddre  how  that  the  right  excellent,  most  *"  '"*■ 

r  .        -  •  r«  TT  TJ-  ■'^"  «It«Ili 

famouee,  and  victonouse  f'rynce  Usrry,  sum  tyme  Kyng  pcnmi  mir 
of  Engbnd,  youre  right  noble  fadir,  whome  God  assoile,  J^JJ^iJ^ 
by  his  lettree  patents  enfieffid  Harry  Bisehop  of  Wyn-  ^f^'J^, 
chestre  now  Cardioal  of  Englond,  Harry  Archebisshop  of  Sa^^"^ 
Caunturbury,  Waulter  Lord  Hungerford,  and  other,  for  null's'*" 
the  srete  truste  that  he  hadde  in  hem,  of  dyvers  caetellez,  u»nfth'( 

6  _  '  '  ^    win,  UHuta- 

manerez,  townez,  lordschippez,  honurez,  londez,  tenementz,  ^^^^^j^, 
rentes,  reveruons,  servicez,  juriadictions,  libertees,  fraun-  ""*■ 
chiaez,  fees,  btousods,  and  other  poseessions,  aswell  in 
Englond  as  in  Walez,  as  of  his  enheritaunce,  parcell  of 
hie  Duchte  of  Lancastre,  of  the  yerely  Talue  of  6,00021  and 
more  by  estimation,  to  have  to  theym  and  to  theire  heirez, 
to  the  entente  and  eflecte  to  execute  and  perfourme  his 
wille  upon  the  aeide  feffement  to  hem  by  hym  made 
and  declarid  in  writyng ;  the  value  of  whiche  caatetlez, 
manerz,  townez,  lordschippez,  honurez,  londez,  rentes, 
tenementez,  reverBionB,  jurisdictions,  libertez,  frauncbisez, 
avousons  and  poeeessions,  aftur  the  seide  extente,  fro  the 
deth  of  your  seide  noble  fadir,  into  the  fest  of  Seint  Mi- 
chell  last  passed,  by  the  eeide  Feffeez  resceived  and  to 
be  resceived,  amountetb  to  the  somme  of  114,000^  and 
more  by  estimation.     And  how  it  is  to  suppose  and  con- 


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SIO 

ceyve,  that  the  seide  wille  of  youre  seide  noble  fadir,  by  tbe 
seide  Fefieez,  of  bo  grete  and  notable  sommeB  by  hem  res- 
ceived  of  the  iasuez,  profitz,  and  rerenuz  comyng  of  tbe 
seide  castellez,  manerez,  townez,  lordecbippez,  honureiv 
londes,  tenementia,  renteB,  reversions,  eemcez,  jurisdic- 
tions, liberteez,  frauncbisez,  fees  and  possessions,  by  so 
loBge  tyme  beyng  in  tbeire  hondez,  might  afore  this  tyme 
dieuly  have  ben  fully  executed  and  perfourmed,  above  all 
other  chargiez  that  are  knowyn ;  wbiche  wille  perfourmed, 
it  is  to  underetond  by  all  reson,  good  feith,  and  conscience 
that  alle  the  seid  castellez,  lordshippez,  manours,  londez, 
teneinentz,  and  all  the  other  seid  possessions,  as  the  olde 
right  and  enberitaunce  of  youre  seide  noble  fadir,  belongeth 
unto  yow,  Sovemn  Lord,  as  heire  to  hym;  conuderyng 
that  tbe  seid  Feffees  have  no  title  ner  interesse  tfaerynne, 
but  only  upon  trust,  and  to  his  use,  to  execute  tue  will^ 
as  it  is  afore  rehersid ;  and  that  the  seid  Feffeez  be  but 
fewe  in  noumbre,  «hereby  of  liklybode  the  possesuoa 
therof  by  casuelte  of  dethe  myght  reste  in  oon  of  theymej 
and  BO  descende  unto  his  beirez  that  over  lyved ;  in  wbiche 
case,  and  it  fortune  upon  a  temporal!  man,  thenne  his 
wyfe  were  therof  esdowable,  and  by  suche  menys  your 
right  and  interesse  therof,  by  youre  lave,  the  further  fro 
you  thenne  tbey  now  be,  to  your  grete  hurte  and  to 
youre  likly  disheritaunce.  Therof  considered  also,  that 
in  youre  Counceill,  the  sv  day  of  Juyn,  the  zii""  yere 
of  your  reigne,  beyng  thenne  there  my  Lord  of  Bedford 
youre  uncle,  whome  God  assoille,  the  seid  Feffeez  de- 
sired that  by  yow  certeyne  Lordez  of  youre  CounceU 
myght  be  depute  to  see  the  bookes  of  receyte  and  of 
the  ministration  of  the  revenuez,  in  all  goodly  haste,  of 
thoo  londez  that  they  were  so  enfeffid  ynne;  and,  that 
done,  they  agreed  that  ye  myght  have  and  resceyvc  alle 


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that  shulde  growe  of  the  sndfl  feSbmeot  aftar  Michel- 
mease  day  thimiie  n«ct  comyng,  by  the  hondez  of  the 
officerez  and  deputeez  of  the  seide  Feffeez,  so  that  pro- 
clamation schulde  be  made  before  the  Parlement  theaoe 
next  eewyng  that  every  man  that  wolde  aske  dette  for 
Hoosbolde,  Cbaumbre,  Warderobe,  Kyngez  Werkes,  or 
for  money  borowed,  brynge  ynne  to  the  seide  Feffeez 
the  grovndez  that  they  aske  it  by;  and  if  it  mygfat  ap- 
pere  that  the  sommez  of  the  aasigneme&tz  or  of  the  r^ 
venuz  of  that  yere  wolde  not  suffice  for  paiement  for 
the  Kyngez  dettez  afore  rebersid,  and  for  perfourmyng 
of  his  CbauQterye  and  of  his  Toumb^  tbenne  ye  to 
make  to  the  seid  Feffeez,  for  the  rest  that  Bchuld  so 
be  founde,  dieu  aseignement  and  agrement:  and  if  so 
were  that  the  somme  of  the  assignement  made  to  the 
seide  Feffeez,  and  the  revenuez  of  that  yere,  wolde 
amounte  to  a  gretter  somme  tbenne  the  aomme  of  the 
dettez  and  makyng  of  the  aeid  Chauntrye  and  Tombe, 
tbenne  the  residue  therof  to  be  paied  up  to  yowe.  And 
over  that,  the  seid  Feffeez,  this  done,  willed  and  agreed 
to  make  astate  to  yowe,  Soverain  Lord,  of  alle  the  seide 
londes  and  tenementz  that  they  stode  enfeffed  ynne ;  that 
is  to  Bey,  of  that  that  was  fee-taille,  in  fee-taill,  and  of 
that  that  was  fee-symple,  in  fee^ymple;  how  be  it  and 
ye  toke  astate  therof  of  youre  seide  Feffeez  in  suche  wise, 
or  that  they  enfedfe  yowe  tberynne,  ye  mygbt  not  have, 
holde,  ner  enjoye  the  seide  possessions  in  enheritaunce 
to  youre  avidlle  and  suerte,  in  suche  msner  and  fourme  of 
enheritaunce,  and  as  parcel!  of  youre  seid  Ducbie,  as 
youre  seide  noble  fadir  hem  hadde  and  helde  at  the 
tyme  of  the  seid  feffement,  and  before;  upon  whoos  de- 
sirez,  writtes  of  proclamation  procedut  accordyng  to  theise 
premisses.      Considered  also,  that  in  the  Parlement  at 


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Redyng,  Uie  zviii*^  yere  of  youre  regne,  the  seide  Feffeez, 
amoDg  other,  grauntid  to  yow,  Soverain  Lord,  thst  aftur 
the  dette  that  thenne  was  owyng  unto  the  seide  Cardinall 
uid  to  the  seide  Archebisshop  of  Csunturbuiy  paied,  for  the 
whiche  Bseignement  was  made  by  the  seid  Feffeez,  upon 
the  seid  caatellez,  manerez,  townes,  lordschippez,  honurez, 
loudez,  teDementez,  rentes,  reversions,  servicez,  jurisdio- 
tiouB,  liberteez,  fraunchisez,  feez,  avoueons,  and  other  pos- 
sessions comprised  by  the  seide  feffement,  by  certeyne 
personez  by  your  cominaundement,  to  the  use  of  the 
seid  Cardioall  and  Archebisshop ;  reservyug  to  the  seide 
Feffeez  8,000^  y«rely>  unto  the  tyme  they  hadde  per- 
fourmed  the  s^  Kyngtg  wille  their  Feffour :  that  thenne 
all  the  surplusage  therof  schuld  be  delyverid  to  the  Tre- 
eorer  of  youre  Householde  for  the  tyme  beyng,  for  the  ex- 
pensez  of  the  same  Householde ;  of  whiche  surplusage  so 
resceived  the  seid  Tresorer  schulde  accompte  in  your 
Escbequer;  whiche  dette,  long  tyme  before  the  first  day 
of  this  present  Parlement,  was  pcued  to  the  seid  Cardinall 
and  Archebishop ;  and,  over  that,  grete  and  notable  sommes 
have  ben  resceyved  sithyn  the  seid  Parlement  so  beyug 
at  Redyng.  And  therupon,  of  youre  nc^le  grace,  theiae 
premissez  con^derid,  and  for  the  counfbrt  and  ease  i^ 
youre  peple,  that  it  pleee  youre  Highnesse  by  auctorite 
of  this  present  Parlement  to  ordeigne  and  assigne  certein 
persoDes,  suche  as  may  like  to  your  Highnesse,  to  here 
the  declaration  of  the  seide  Feffeez,  or  of  other  personea 
by  hem  suche  aa  thei  will  depute  and  name  in  writyn^ 
of  the  seide  wille  and  of  the  execution  therof  and  of 
all  the  dependentz  therof,  and  of  all  the  issues,  profites, 
revenuez,  paiementes,  cosies,  and  expenses  of  and  for 
the  seide  caatellez,  manerez,  townes,  lordschippez,  ho- 
nurez,  landes,  tenementz,  rentez,  reversions,  servicez,  ju- 


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SIS 

risdictioDB,  libertees,  fraunchiBez,  fees,  and  posaeeuons : 
and  that  the  seide  FeSeez,  or  other  pereooes  by  hem 
to  be  depute  and  named,  be  radj  upon  resonable  warn- 
jTDg,  gtte  Buche  tymes  and  as  ofte  as  the  seide  penonez 
BO  to  he  assigned  wolle  ordeigne,  to  declare  the  trought 
of  theise  premisseB,  with  alle  the  circumstances  and  de- 
pendentcK  of  the  same  ;  and  yif  neither  the  seide  Feffeez, 
aflur  resonable  wamyng  to  hem  -  iu  that  partie  made,  ner 
other  personez  for  hem  in  the  founne  aforeseide  to  be 
by  hem  namyd,  come  for  to  declare  the  seide  wille  and 
execution  therof,  and  of  alle  other  premisses ;  or  ellea,  if 
they  come  and  wolle  not  declare  theie  premiseez  in  the 
founne  afore  reheraid,  afore  the  seid  persones  so  by  yow 
to  be  ordeyned  and  assigned ;  or  ellys,  if  it  may  be  founden 
by  Buche  declaration,  for  the  parte  of  the  seid  Feffeez, 
afore  the  seid  persones  so  to  be  assigned,  that  the  seide 
wille  is  perfounned  and  executed,  or  elles  that  parcell 
therof  restuthe  and  remaynetb  unperfourmede  and  not 
executed;  and  ye,  aftur  reporte  therof  to  you  made* 
agree  and  contente  the  seide  Feffeez  by  sufficiaunt  aa- 
Bignement  or  other  wise,  for  the  execution  of  the  Beide 
wille,  of  as  moche  as  thenne  remayned  unperfourmed 
and  not  executed;  that  thenne  it  be  levefull  to  you,  So- 
verain  Lorde,  by  the  seide  auctorite  to  entre  and  take 
into  your  bondes  alle  the  seide  castellez,  manerz,  townes, 
lordschippez,  honurez,  londez,  tenementz,  rentez,  rever- 
sions, servicez,  jurisdictions,  liberteez,  franchisez,  feez, 
avouBonB,  and  possesBions  foraeide,  with  theire  appurte- 
nauncez,  excepte  the  manerez  of  Tiberton,  Rie,  Rodde- 
leye  and  Ettlowe,  with  the  appurtenauncez,  in  the  schire 
of  Oloucestre,  parcell  of  the  seid  possessions;  to  have, 
holde,  and  enjoye  hem,  to  yow  and  to  youre  heirez,  as 
parcel!  of  youre  Bade  Ducbie,  as  pleynly,  hoolly,  and  in 


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314 

the  Bune  maner  and  fburme  of  enheritaunce  and  astate  as 
yoaie  seide  fadir  hadde  and  helde  hem  wbeone  tbey 
were  in  his  handes  at  the  tyme  of  the  eeide  feffetnent,  any 
maner  of  acte,  feffement,  lettxes  patentz,  etatutea,  orde- 
nauncez,  or  other  thyngs  what  so  ever  they  be,  afore 
this  tyme  made,  not  withstonding :  sayyng  alwey  to  alle 
your  other  liegez  alle  suche  astatez,  and  noon  other,  as 
tbey  or  any  of  faem  hadde  in  any  londea,  tenementSa 
offices,  fees,  or  annuitez,  or  other  possessions  in  the  seide 
parcel],  by  youre  noble  progenitours,  or  by  the  seide 
Cardinall,  Archebisshop,  and  Waulter,  and  theire  other  Co- 
feffez,  or  by  any  of  theym,  jointly  or  severally,  giaunted 
by  youre  commaundement,  or  by  the  wille  of  youre  B^de 
fadir  declarid  before  this  presebt  Parlement,  alwey  ex- 
cepte  the  seide  Felleez  and  iche  of  hem.  And  that  if,  upon 
Buche  declaration  hadde,  it  appere  not  that  the  seide  Car- 
dinall, Archebisshop,  and  Lord  Hungerford,  or  any  of  their 
Coffeffiez  now  passid  to  God,  or  any  of  hem,  have  applied 
or  emploied  the  issuez,  profitez,  or  reyenuez  by  hem  re- 
ceived of  the  seid  castellez,  tnanerez,  townes,  lordschip- 
pez,  honurez,  londez,  tenementez,  rentez,  reversions,  ser- 
vicez,  jurisdictions,  liberteez,  fraunchisez,  feez,  avoueona, 
and  possessions,  or  eny  parte  of  hem,  to  their  owoe  use, 
or  in  any  other  wise,  save  only  accordyng  to  the  wille 
of  the  seide  late  Kyng  ]>er  Feffour,  or  for  the  wele,  good 
rule,  and  govemaunce  of  the  seide  castelles,  manerez, 
townez,  lordecbippez,  honurez,  londes,  teneinentflz,  rentz, 
reveruotiB,  servicez,  jurisdictions,  liberteez,  fraunchisez, 
fees,  avoueons,  and  possessions,  or  elles  at  your  request 
or  desire,  oure  Soverain  Lord ;  that  thenae  the  seide 
Cardinall,  Archebisshop,  and  Lord  Hungerford,  theire 
beirez,  executours,  terre-tenauntez,  officers,  and  miniBtres» 
and  also  the  beires,  executours,  and  terre-tenauntez  of 


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215 

their  Cofeffies  now  paseid  to  God,  of  the  eeid  castellee, 
nunerez,  townez,  lordscfaippez,  honiirei,  londea,  tene- 
mentez,  rentz,  revereiona,  Bervicez,  jurisdictioDB,  libera 
teez,  frauochisez,  feei,  sTouBons,  snd  poBsesEionB,  be  quy tie 
and  discharged  ag^yna  you,  Soreram  Lord,  youre  heirez 
aod  Buccessours  for  ever  more,  of  all  maner  actions,  em- 
pechemeotez,  and  demaundee  to  be  made  or  badde  ageyne 
bem  or  any  of  hem  by  any  cause  or  colour  of  occupa- 
tion, interease,  profitez  takyng,  usyng,  and  excernsyng,  of 
the  seide  costellez,  manerez,  townes,  lordscbippez,  ho- 
nurez,  londez,  tenementez,  rentes,  reversions,  services, 
jurisdictions,  liberteez,  frauncbisez,  fees,  avousons,  and 
possessions,  and  of  all  liberteez,  fraunchises,  and  juris- 
dictions wbicbe  tbei  have  cleymed,  hadde,  or  used  by 
the  reason,  vertu,  or  colour  of  the  seide  feffement,  so 
that  they  ner  noon  of  theim  in  any  wise  in  tyme  to 
come  be  empeched,  chargid,  vexed,  or  greved  for  any  of 
the  causes  aforeseid.  And  that  the  Receyvour  General! 
of  the  seid  Duchie  that  nowe  is,  or  for  the  tyme  schall 
be,  by  the  seide  auctorite  take  and  reeceyve  all  the  issuez, 
profitee,  and  revenuez  comyng  of  the  seide  castellez,  ma- 
nerez, townez,  lordscbippez,  bonorez,  londez,  tenementz, 
rentez,  reversions,  servicez,  jurisdictions,  liberteez,  fraun- 
cbisez,  fees,  and  possessioDB  forseid,  aflur  thei  come  into 
your  hondez;  and  the  same  issues,  profitez,  and  revenuez 
pay  and  delyver  to  the  Tresorer  of  your  Housholde  for  the 
tyme  beyng,  by  endenturez  tberof  bytwix  heu  to  be  made, 
for  the  provision  and  expensez  of  youre  seide  Housholde; 
to  be  made  by  as  long  tyme  and  in  like  fourme  as  tiie 
profitez  and  revenuez  of  the  remenaunt  of  your  seide 
Duchie  now  beyng  in  your  bondez  be  applied  to  the  ex- 
pensez  of  youre  seide  Housholde,  afhir  the  effecte  of  the 
purviaunce  therof  made  at  your  last  ParlemenI,  the  seid 


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sie 

Tresorer  af  youre  Houaholde  for  the  tyme  beyng  tberof  to 
be  Bccomptable  in  youre  Eschequer.  Aad  that  alle  Hecey- 
voun  Particulerz  of  any  of  the  posaesBloas  and  enheri- 
taunce  forseide  schall  pay  and  delyver  to  the  eeid  Re- 
ceyrour  General]  all  the  iseuez,  profitz,  and  revenues 
forseide,  wherof  they  Bchall  to  yow  be  chargeablez  and  ac- 
comptablez  by  reson  of  heire  aeide  o6Scez,  by  endentures 
bytwix  hem  and  the  aeide  Receyvour  Generall  therof  to 
be  made;  and  that  the  seide  Receivour  Generall  be  not 
allowed  upon  hie  accompte  of  any  maner  of  paymentz 
of  the  profitez  and  revenuez  forseid  made  to  any  other 
persone  or  pereonez  but  alonly  of  payementez  made  to 
your  seide  Tresorer,  excepte  the  paymentz  of  the  aeid 
fees,  annuitez,  wagies,  and  ofBces  forseide,  and  otiier  ex- 
pensez  Decessariea;  and  that  noon  of  the  seide  Recey- 
voure  Particulerz  be  not  alowed  upon  hie  accompte  of 
any  maner  of  paymentez  of  the  issuez,  profites,  and  reve- 
nues forseide  made  to  any  other  persone  but  to  the  aeide 
General  Receyvour,  except  paymentz  of  the  seide  fees, 
annuitez,  and  wagiez  afore  this  tyme  ordeyned  and  as- 
signed to  be  paied  by  theire  bondez,  and  except  repara- 
tions and  other  expensez  necessariez.  And  that  theise 
seide  assignementez  so  made  for  the  provision  and  ex- 
pensez of  youre  seide  Housholde,  of  the  iseuez  and  pro- 
fitez of  the  enfaeritauDce  and  poesessions  forseide,  to  be 
taken  by  the  seide  Tresorer  of  your  seide  Housholde, 
by  tbe  bondes  of  the  seide  Receyvour  Generall  of  youre 
seide  Duchie,  or  for  to  be  taken  by  the  seide  Receyvour 
Generall  of  the  seide  Receivoura  Particulerez,  stande  by 
this  auctorite  in  theire  strengfat,  and  not  alterate  oer 
chauoged ;  and  if  any  of  the  seide  Receivours,  from  this 
tyme  forth,  make  any  payment  to  the  contrarie  of  the 
seide  ordenaunce  and  assignementz,  that  thenne  he  thereof 


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»17 

be  disalowed  upon  his  accompte.  Alwey  forseyn,  that 
Thoinaa  Rothewell,  squier,  and  Elizabeth  his  wyf,  late 
the  wif  of  Thomas  Swynford,  knyght,  by  the  auctorite  of 
this  same  Parlement  have,  uid  from  this  tyme  fortb  hold 
in  poBseesioD,  terme  of  the  lif  of  the  stune  Elizabeth,  the 
Beide  manerez  of  Tyberton,  Rye,  Roddeley,  and  Etlowe, 
with  the  appurtenaunce,  in  the  scfaire  of  Glouceatre,  par> 
celles  of  tbe  seide  castellez,  lordscfaippez,  manerez,  londes, 
tenementez,  and  other  poBseBsioDB  beforeseide,  in  recom- 
pence  of  the  maner  of  Snaythe,  and  the  Boke  of  Snayth, 
in  the  schire  of  Vorke,  with  the  appurtenauncez  ;  whiche 
maner  with  the  seide  soke  was  parcell  of  tbe  seid  Duchie 
at  the  tyme  of  the  seid  feffement;  and  that  the  same  Fef- 
feez  by  thb  same  auctorite  ha?e  and  holde  tbe  same 
manere  and  the  soke,  with  tbe  appurtenaunce,  for  tbe 
tyme  that  they  schall  have  and  holde  tbe  residue  of  the 
same  castellez,  lordschippez,  manerez,  londez,  and  tene- 
mcntez,  in  whiche  thei  were  in  fourme  aforeseide  en- 
felSd ;  and  ye,  Soveraigne  Lord,  to  entre  and  take  into 
your  hondes  tbe  same  manere  of  Snayth  and  the  soke, 
with  the  appurtenauncez,  to  have  and  to  holde  to  yow 
and  to  your  heirez,  in  euche  manere  and  fourme  as  it  ia 
above  rehersid,  of  tbe  residue  of  the  seid  castellez,  lord- 
schippes,  manerez,  londes,  and  tenementez,  wherof  the 
seide  Fefleez  were  enfeffid  by  your  seide  noble  fadir, 
with  the  reversion  of  the  seide  manerez  of  Tiberton,  Rye, 
Roddeleye,  and  Etlowe,  with  the  appurtenaunce,  aftur 
the  deth  of  the  aeid  Elizabeth,  to  have  and  to  bold  to 
you  and  to  your  hetrez  in  suche  manere  and  fourme  as 
youre  aeid  noble  fodir  hem  hadde  and  helde  at  the  tyme 
of  the  seide  feffement,  and  before,  as  parcell  of  youre 
seide  Duchie :  And  also  alwey  forseyn  and  purveyed, 
that  the  seide  declaration  bo  to  be  made  by  tbe  seid 
S  E 


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Feo^z  or  their  deputeez  be  not  badde,  repute,  ner 
takyn  for  ucompte,  ner  tbei  ner  noon  of  them  charge- 
able by  force  tberof  aftur  the  e%ct  of  accomple.  Pur- 
veied  ateo,  that  William  Paaton,  Robert  Cler^  and  Es- 
mond Clere,  by  the  seid  auctorite,  have  and  hold  to  hem 
and  to  the  beirez  of  the  seid  William,  of  yow  and  your 
heirez,  as  of  your  eeid  Duchie,  by  the  aerrice  of  feaute 
for  all  maner  of  servicez,  xxxti  acris  and  an  half,  ix 
perchys,  a  quarter  and  an  half  of  a  perche,  and  a  pek 
of  londe,  pasture,  hethe,  and  maresse,  callid  Copie-holde, 
with  two  manuons  edified  in  certeyns  parcelles  tfaero^ 
in  Paston  and  Edithorp  in  the  counte  of  Northfolk,  par- 
cell  of  the  seid  londez,  tenementz,  and  posaessions,  in 
whiche  the  seid  Cardinall,  ArcbebisBhop,  and  Waulter  ar 
or  were  enfeffid ;  and  the  feerde  parte  of  a  rode  of  londe, 
parceil  of  the  wastez  of  the  seid  towne  of  Paaton ;  in  re- 
compense of  XXXVI  acris  and  an  half,  xxn  perchis  and 
an  hal(  half  a  quarter  of  a  perche,  half  a  pek  and  a 
nayle  of  londe,  pasture  and  hethe,  of  the  seid  William, 
Robert^  and  EBmond,  callid  Chartir^holde,  with  two  man- 
aions  edified  in  certeynz  parcellez  therof,  in  the  seid 
townez  of  Paston  and  Edithorp;  and  ye»  by  the  seid 
auctorite,  to  have  and  holde  the  same  londez  and  tene- 
mentz, callid  Cbartre-bolde,  to  yow  and  your  heirez  as 
parceil  of  the  Beid  Duchie;  and,  so  privelegid  and  firaun- 
cfaised,  to  be  letyn  to  the  base  tenauntez  of  tiie  seid 
londea  and  tenementez,  callid  Copie-holde,  or  other  by 
her  assent,  in  like  fourme  as  the  same  tenementez  ar 
now  holden ;  alle  whiche  tenementez,  callid  Copie-hotde 
and  Cbartre-bolde,  and  the  seid  feerde  parte,  ar  specified 
in  an  inquisition,  by  force  of  certeynz  lettres  of  the 
seid  Cardinall  directid  to  the  Lord  Bardolf  and  other, 
takyn   the  xviii   day   of  May,   the   xviii   yere   of  youre 


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reigne,  remaynyng  in  your  Treaoiy  of  your  seid  Ducbie. 
And  also  purveied  and  eavyd  to  alle  youre  liegez,  and 
to  icbe  of  hem,  except  the  seid  Feffeez,  alle  restitutioDs 
of  londez,  tenementez,  rentez,  reverfiioas,  eerviceZ)  ju- 
risdictioQB,  liberteea,  fraunchigez,  fees,  avousons,  or  pos- 
seBBiona,  made  by  yow  or  by  the  seide  Fefiees,  of  any 
parcell  of  the  feffement  aforeseid.  And  also,  that  all 
maner  ^auntez  of  officez  and  fees,  made  by  the  seide 
Fefiees,  by  desire  or  commaundement  of  yov,  Soverain 
Lord,  to  any  of  your  liegez,  of  the  seid  cafitellez,  ma- 
nerez,  townez,  lordschippez,  bonurez,  londea,  tenementez, 
rentez,  reversions,  Berviceo,  jurisdictiona,  Ubertees,  fraun- 
cbieez,  fees,  avooBons,  or  possesBions,  or  of  any  of  hem,  afore 
the  XII  day  of  Marcbe,  aftur  the  first  day  of  this  present 
Psrlentent  next  fblowyng;,  be  good  and  effectuell;  except 
all  manor  officez  of  officeree  accomptable  afore  the  seid 
XII  day  of  Marcbe,  oiade  by  the  smde  Fefieez. 
Resfonsio. — Le  Roy  le  voet 


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RoluluB   Parliainenti   tcnti   apiiil  WcstmonastcTiuin  Ticcsimo   quinto 
die  Fcbniarii,  anno  rcgni  Regis  Hcnrici  Scxti  post  Conqumtum  ciecsimo 


|£MORANDUM,  quod,  sexto  die  Aprilis 
aHDo  regni  dicti  domini  R^is  vicesimo 
quarto,  idem  dominus  Rex,  de  avisamento 
et  assensu  Dominorum  Spiritualium  et 
Temporalium,  ac  CommuDitatie  regni  Bui  Angliie,  in  prse- 
senti  Parliameoto  existentium,  auctoritate  ejusdem  Farlia- 
meoti  ordinavit  et  conceasit,  quod  literse  ipsiuB  domini 
Regis  patentes,  tarn  sub  magno  sigillo  quam  sub  eigillo 
ducatuB  Bui  Lanc&Btrise,  fiaut  auctoritate  Bupradicta  in 
forma  debita,  juxta  formam  cujusdam  cedulse  in  prssenti 
Parliameoto  in  prsesentia  ipsius  domini  Reg^s,  ac  Domi- 
norum et  CommunitatiB  pnedictorum,  lectie,  auditee,  et 
pleniuB  intellects.     Cujus  tenor  sequitur  in  haec  verba: 

HENRICUS,  Dei  graUa,  Rex  Anglise  et  Frandse,  et 
DominuB  Hiberuiee,  omnibus  ad  quos  prteBentee  1iter2e  per- 
veuerint,  salutem.  SciaUs,  quod  nos  iospeximus  literas 
nostras  patentes  sub  sigillo  ducatus  nostri  Lancastrise 
betas  in  haec  verba: 

Henricue,  Dei  gratia,  Rex  Anglise  et  Franciae,  et  Do- 
minus Hiberni%,  omnibus  ad  quos  pneseutes  liter»  per- 
venerint)  salutem.  Sciatis,  quod  nos,  ex  certa  scienUa 
et  mero  motu  nostris,  certis  necessariia  et  notabilibus  de 
cauBiB  nos  intime  moventibus,  aedimus,  conceesimuB,  et 
hac  carta   nostra  confinoavimus,  pro  nobie  et  hseredibus 


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Roll  of  the  Puliament  holdco  at  WcetminBtcr  on  the  twentj'fifth 
liay  of  Febniwy,  in  tlie  twenlj-third  year  of  the  reign  of  King  Henry 
tlic  Sixth  after  the  Conquest. 

i^E  it  remembered,  (hat  on  tlie  sixth  day  of  April  nti  Apro, 
in  the  twenty-fourth  year  of  the  reign  of  our  a.».  i««. 
said  lord  the  King,  the  same  lord  the  King,  kmlT^ 
by  the  advice  and  assent  of  the  Lords  I 
Temporal,  and  Conunons  of  his  realm  of  I 
land,  in  the  present  Parliament  assembled,  ordained  and  ^^u> 
granted,  by  authority  of  the  same  Parliament,  that  letters  ^^!Tk^ 
patent  of  Uie  same  lord  the  King  be  made  In  due  form,  11^«'?- 
by  the  authority  abovesaid,  as  well  under  the  great  seal  tiu  xise-. 
as  under  the  seal  of  bis  duchy  of  Lancaster,   according  fj!^,'^' 
to  the  form  of  a  certain  schedule  read,  heard,  and  very 
fully  understood  in  the  present  Parliament,  in  the  pre- 
sence of  the  same  lord  the  King,  and  of  the  Lords  and 
Commons  aforesaid.     The  tenor  whereof  follows  in  these 
words: 

HENRY,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present 
letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye,  that  we  inspect- 
ed our  letters  patent  made  under  the  seal  of  our  duchy 
of  Lancaster   in   these  words : 

Henry,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  present 
letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye,  that  we,  of  our 
certain  knowledge  and  mere  motion,  for  certain  neces- 


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221 

Dostris,  venerabilibus  patribus  JohanBi  canJioali  arc^ie- 
piscopo  Eborum,  Jofaamii  archiepiscopo  Cantuartenst ; 
Roberto  Londonensi,  Willielmo  Lmcobensi,  Willielmo 
Sarum,  et  ThomsB  Batlionenn  et  WellenBi,  episcopia; 
Henrico  Northumbriee,  et  Willielmo  Sufiblcife,  comiti- 
bus;  Jobaoni  Carpenter  electo  WigorneDsis  ecclenae;  Jo- 
banni  vicecomiti  Beaumont;  Waltero  domino  de  Hud- 
gerford,  Radulpho  domino  de  Cromwell,  et  Radulpho 
domino  de  Seudeley;  Jobanoi  Somerset,  Henrico  Seuer, 
Johanni  Langton,  Ricardo  Andrew,  Adro  Moleyna,  Jo- 
banni  de  la  Bere,  Waltero  Lybert^  et  Waltero  Sbiring- 
ton,  clericie;  Edmundo  Hungerford,  et  Jobaoni  Beau- 
cbamp,  militibus;  Jacobo  Fenys,  Edwardo  Hull,  Johanni 
Saintlo,  Jobanni  Hampton,  Johanni  Noreys,  Willielmo 
Treeham,  Johanni  Vampage,  et  Ricardo  Aired,  armige- 
ris;  castrum,  manerium,  et  bundredum  nostra  de  Higbam 
Ferrers,  cmn  pertinentiis ;  maneria  nostra  de  Raundes, 
Rnssheden,  Caldecote,  Irenchestre,  Dayentre,  et  Des- 
burgb;  molendina  nostra  de  Dicbeford;  ac  omnia  terras 
et  tenementa,  redditus  et  Berritia  nostra,  cum  pertinenrii^ 
in  Weldoa ;  necnon  omnia  terras  et  tenements,  cum  per- 
tinentiis,  quee  nuper  fuerunt  Stephani  Rumbilowe  in  Da- 
ventre  preedicta;  et  omnia  terras  et  tenementa,  redditus 
et  serritia  noatra,  cum  pertinentiia,  qiue  nuper  fuerunt  Wil- 
lielmi  Croiser  militis,  in  Higbam  Ferrers  et  Caldecote  prse- 
dicta,  in  comitatu  Nortbamtoniee ; — feodi  firmam  centom 
et  viginti  librarum  villae  de  Gormoncbestre,  feodi  firmam 
quadraginta  et  trium  librarum  villse  de  Huntingdonia, 
et  manerium  de  GUtton  cum  Holme,  cum  pertinentiia, 
in  comitatu  Huntingdonife ; — manerium  de  Wardyngton 
in  comitatu  BukinghamiGe ; — manerium  de  Aldehoum  in 
comitatu  Wiltesise; — maneria  noatra  de  Aylesham,  Wigh- 
ton,  Snetesham,  Fakenham,  Gymyngbam,Tunstede,  etThet^ 


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SSI 

saiy  and  notable  causes  inwardly  moving  us,  have  given, 
granted,  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confinned,  for  ub 
and  our  heirs,  to  the  venerable  hthers,  John  cardinal 
archbishop  of  York,  John  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Ro- 
bert  bishop  of  London,  William  bishop  of  Lincoln,  William 
bishop  of  Salisbury,  and  Thomas  bishop  of  Bath  and 
Wells;  Henry  earl  of  Northumberland  and  William  earl 
of  Suffolk ;  John  Carpenter  the  elect  of  the  church  of 
Worcester ;  John  viscount  Beaumopt ;  Walter  lord  de  Hun- 
gerford,  Ralph  lord  de  Cromwell,  and  Ralph  lord  de 
Sudley;  John  Somerset,  Henry  Seuer,  John  Langton, 
Richard  Andrew,  Adam  Moleyns,  John  de  la  Bere,  Walter 
Lyhert,  and  Walter  Sbirington,  clerks ;  Edmund  Hunger- 
ford  and  John  Beaucbamp,  knights;  James  Fenys,  Ed- 
ward Hull,  John  Saintlo,  John  Hampton,  John  Noreyi^ 
WUiam  TYeabam,  John  Vampage,  and  Richard  Aired, 
esquires ;  our  casUe,  manor,  and  hundred  of  Higham  Fer- 
rers, with  the  appurtenances ;  our  manors  of  Raunds, 
Rnsbden,  Caldecott^  Irchester,  Daventry,  and  Deshorough; 
our  mills  of  Dicheford ;  and  all  our  lands  and  tenements, 
rents  and  services,  with  tfae  appurtenances,  in  Weldon; 
also  all  the  lands  and  tenements,  with  the  appurtenances, 
which  were  late  of  Stephen  Rumbilowe  in  Daventry  afore- 
said, and  all  our  lands  and  tenements,  rents  and  services, 
with  the  appurtenances,  which  were  late  of  Sir  William 
Croiser,  knigbt,  in  Higham  Ferrers  and  Caldecott  aforesaid, 
in  the  county  of  Northampton ; — the  fee-farm  of  one  hun- 
dred and  twenty  pounds  of  tfae  town  of  Godmancbester, 
the  fee-form  of  forty-three  pounds  of  the  town  of  Hunt- 
ingdon, and  the  manor  of  Glatton  with  Holme,  with 
the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Huntingdon; — the 
manor  of  Wardyngton,  in  the  county  of  Buckingham ; — the 
manor  of  Aldboum,  in  the  county  of  Wilts  ;^-our  manors 


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ford,  cam  vi^nti  et  octo  libris,  sex  Bolidis,  et  octo  de- 
naiiis,  de  feodi  firma  prions  et  conventus  moDachoTum 
de  Thetford,  et  nunerium  de  Methewolde,  cum  terris 
et  tenementis  nostris  vocatis  Rodmere  juxta  Methevold; 
ac  hundreda  nostra  de  Nortberpyngfaam,  Soutberpyog- 
ham,  Gallowe,  et  Brothercrosse,  cum  pertinentiis,  io  co- 
mitatu  Norffiildfe ; — maneria  nostra  de  Hungerford,  Esgara- 
toD,  et  Stauoden,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Bercberiee ; 
' — et  manerium  nostruiade  Soham,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  co- 
mitatu Caatabrigiee : — Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  prse- 
dicta  castrum,  maneria,  hameletta,  feodi  firmas,  bundreda, 
molendina,  terras,  tenementa,  redditus,  et  servitia,  cum  per- 
tinentiiB,  una  cum  feodis  militum,  ac  omnibus  aliis  proficuis 
et  commoditatibus  eisdem  castro,  maneriis,  terris,  et  tene- 
mentis spectandbus  sive  pertjnentibus,  eisdem  cardinal!, 
archiepiscopo,  episcopie,  comitibus,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Wal- 
tero,  Hadulpbo,  Radulpbo,  Jobanni,  Henrico,  Jobanoi, 
Ricardo,  Adie,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Edmundo,  Jo- 
banbt,  Jacobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Jobanni,  Wil- 
lielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  baeredibua  et  assignatis  suis, 
de  nobis  et  hieredibus  nostris,  per  fidelitatem  tantum,  abs- 
que aliquo  alio  nobb  vel  hseredibus  nostris  inde  reddendo, 
in  perpetuum.  Salvia  semper  et  reserratis,  nobis  et  hse- 
redibus nostiis  Ducibus  Lancastriae,  advocationibus  eccle- 
siarum,  abbatiarum,  prioratuum,  vicarianun,  cantariamm, 
capellarum,  hospitalium,  et  aliorum  beneficiorum  ecclesi- 
asUcorum  quorumcunque,  eisdem  castro,  maneriis,  sive 
terris  et  tenementis,  ullo  modo  spectantibus.  Et  nos  et 
dicti  hteredes  nostri  castrum,  maneria,  ac  omnia  singula 
prsemissa,  cum  pertinentiis,  prsefatis  cardinali,  archiepi- 
scopo,  episcopis,  comitibus,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Waltero, 
Radulpbo,  Radulpbo,  Johanni,  Henrico,  Johanni,  Ricardo, 
Adee,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Edmundo,  Johanni,  Ja- 


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S3S 

of  Aylsham,  Wigbton,  SnettiBham,  Fakeuham,  Giming- 
haiDt  TuDBtead,  aod  Tbetford,  vitb  twenty-eight  pounds 
six  killings  and  eight-pence  of  the  fee-farm  of  the 
prior  and  convent  of  monks  of  Thetford,  and  the  ii|anor 
of  Metbwold,  with  our  lands  and  tenements  called  Kod- 
mere,  near  Methnold,  and  our  hundreds  of  North  Er- 
pingbam.  South  Erpingham,  Gallov,  and  Brothercross, 
with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk ; — our 
manors  of  Hungerford,  East  Garston,  and  Staunden,  with 
the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Berks; — and  our 
manor  of  Sobam,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of 
Cambridge : — To  have  and  to  hold  all  the  aforesaid  cas- 
tle, manors,  hamlets,  fee-farms,  hundreds,  mills,  lands, 
tenements,  rents,  and  servicea,  with  the  appurtenances, 
together  with  the  knights'  fees,  and  all  other  profits 
and  commodities  belonging  or  pertaining  to  the  same 
castle,  manors,  lands,  and  tenements,  to  the  same  car- 
dinal, archbishop,  bishops,  earls,  John,  John,  Walter, 
Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John, 
Walter,  Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John, 
John,  John,  William,  John,  and  Richard,  tfaeir  heirs  and 
assigns,  of  us  and  our  heirs  for  ever,  by  fealty  only, 
without  rendering  to  us  or  our  heirs  any  other  thing 
therefore.  Saving  always  and  reserved  to  us  and  our 
heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster,  the  advowsons  of  churches* 
abbeys,  priories,  vicarages,  chantries,  chapels,  hospitals, 
and  other  ecclesiastical  benefices  whatsoever  in  anywise 
belonging  to  the  same  castle,  manors,  or  lands  and  tene- 
ments. And  we  and  our  said  heirs  will  warrant  and  de- 
fend against  all  men  the  castle,  manors,  and  all  and  sin- 
gular the  premises,  with  the  appurtenances,  to  the  aforesaid 
cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  earls,  John,  John,  Walter, 
Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John, 


^d  by  Google 


cobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Johanni,  WiUiebno,  Jo- 
hanni,  et  Ricardo,  bieredibus  et  aseignatis  suia,  contra  omDes 
homines  «arantizabimus  et  defoDdemus  in  perpetuum.  Eo 
quod  expressa  mentlo  de  vero  ralore  annuo  eoTumdem 
castri,  maneriorum,  hamelettorum,  feodi  finnarum,  hun- 
dredorum,  molendinorum,  terrarum,  tenementorum,  red- 
dituum  et  serritiorum  prtedictorum,  et  cffiterorum  pne- 
misBOrum,  «c  per  noa  ad  preesens  datorum  et  coDcesBanun, 
ut  pnefertur,  aeu  de  allis  donis,  rebus,  vel  posse&sionibuB 
eiadem  cardinali,  ardiiepiscopo,  episcopia,  comitibus,  Jo- 
banni,  Jofaanni,  Waltero,  Radulpbo,  Radulpbo,  Johanni, 
HeoTicfs  Johanni,  Ricaido,  Adie,  Johanni,  Walteros  Wal- 
tero, Edmundo,  Johanni,  Jacoho,  Edvardo,  Johaimi,  Jo- 
hanni, Johanni,  Willielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  aut  eorum 
alicui,  per  noa,  seu  pnedecessorea  nostixw  vel  progenitorea 
noBtroB,  iactis  sive  concesEis,  in  pnesentibue  juxta  fomuud 
statuti  inde  editi  facta  non  existit,  Beu  aliie  cauais,  ma- 
teriis,  actibua,  sive  ordinationibus  quibuscunque  in  con- 
tnrium  editie,  non  obatanUbus.  In  cujus  m  testtmooium 
has  literaa  noBbas  fieri  fecimus  patentee.  Datro  sub  ai- 
giUo  ducatus  noatri  Lancastrise,  apud  numerium  noetnim  de 
Shene,  penultimo  die  NoTembria  anno  regni  nostri  vice- 
ei'no  secundo. 

Inspeximns  eUam  quaadam  alias  literae  nostras  patentes 
sub  sigillo  noetro  ducatus  nostri  Lancastriie  foctas  in  hsec 
verba: 

Henricua,  Dei  gratia.  Rex  Anglis  et  Francise,  et  Do- 
rainus  Hibernise,  omnibus  ad  quos  priesentes  liters  per- 
venerint^  Balutem.  Sciatis,  quod  nos,  es  certa  scientia  et 
mero  motu  nostris,  certis  oecessarib  et  notabihbus  de 
causis  noB  intime  moventibus,  dedimaa,  concessimus,  et 
hac  carta  nostra  confirmaTimus,  pro  nobis  et  haeredibua 
nostris,  venerabilibus  patribus  Johanni  cardinali  arehie- 


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2SS 

Walter,  Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John, 
JohO}  John,  William,  John,  and  Richard,  their  heirs  and 
asBigns  for  ever.  Notwithstanding  that  express  mention 
is  not  made  in  these  presents,  according  to  the  form 
of  the  statute  in  that  behalf  made,  of  the  true  yearly 
value  of  the  same  castle,  manors,  bamlets,  fee-farms,  hun- 
dreds, mills,  lands,  tenements,  rents  and  serrices  afore- 
sud,  and  other  the  premises,  so  by  us  now  given  and 
granted,  as  is  aforesaid,  or  of  other  gifts,  things,  or  pos- 
sessioDs  made  or  granted  by  us,  or  our  predecessors^ 
or  our  progenitors,  to  the  same  cardinal,  archbishop, 
bishops,  earls,  John,  Jofan,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  John, 
Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John,  Walter,  Walter,  Ed- 
mund, John,  James,  £>lward,  John,  Jobo,  John,  William, 
John,  and  Richard,  or  either  of  them,  or  notwithstand- 
ing any  other  causes,  matters,  acts,  or  ordinances  what- 
soever passed  to  the  contrary.  In  witness  whereof  we 
have  caused  these  our  letters  to  be  made  patenL  Given 
under  the  seal  of  our  duchy  of  Lancaster,  at  our  manor 
of  Sheen,  on  the  last  day  but  one  of  November  in  the 
twenty-second  year  of  our  reign. 

We  have  also  inspected  certain  other  our  letters  patent 
made  under  our  seal  of  our  duchy  of  Lancaster  in  these 
words: 

Henry,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  pre- 
sent letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye,  that  we, 
of  our  certun  knowledge  and  mere  motion,  for  certun 
necessary  and  notable  causes  inwardly  moving  us,  have 
given,  granted,  and  by  this  our  charter  have  confirmed, 
for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  the  venerable  fathers  John  car- 
dinal archbishop  of  York,  John  archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury, Robert  bishop  of  London,  William  bishop  of  Lin- 


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8S4 

piscopo  Eborum,  Johanni  archiepiscopo  Cantuariensi ;  Ro- 
berto Londonenei,  Willielmo  Lincolnenai,  Willielmo  Sa- 
rum,  Thomae  Bathonensi  et  WelleoBi,  ac  Johanni  Wigor- 
oensi,  episcopis;  Henrico  Northumbriae,  et  Willielmo  Suf- 
fold^  comiUbus;  Jobanni  Ticecomiti  Beaumont;  Waltero 
domino  de  Hungerford,  Radulpho  domino  de  Cromwell,  et 
Radulpho  domino  de  Seudeley ;  Jofa&nni  Somerset,  Hen- 
rico Seller,  Jobanni  Langtoo,  Ricardo  Androwe,  Adce  Mo- 
leyns,  Jotanm  de  la  Bere,  Waltero  Lyhert,  et  Walter»  Sbi- 
rington,  clericis ;  Edmundo  HungerfDrd  et  Johanni  Beau- 
cbamp,  militibue ;  Jacobo  Fenye,  Edwardo  Hull,  Jobanni 
Saintlo,  Jobanni  Hampton,  Johanni  tionjs,  Willielmo 
Tresbam,  Johanni  Vampage,  et  Ricardo  Aired,  armigeris; 
maneria  de  Somboum,  Weston-Hertley,  et  Langstok^  cum 
pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Suthamtonise; — maneria  de  Everley, 
Colyngbum,  Trowbrigge,  Berewyk,  et  Estertan,  cum  per- 
tinentiis, in  comitatu  Wilteuee ; — maaerium  de  CbepyDg> 
lambume,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Bercheri» ; — ma^ 
neria  de  Kyngeaton  Lacy,  Wymbome,  Blanford,  et  Shap- 
wyke,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  DorsetJEe; — manerium 
de  Mynstreworth,  cum  perUneutiis,  in  comitatu  Glouces- 
triasj — manerium  de  Hodenak,  cum  pertinenUis,  in  marcbiis 
Walliae ; — manerium  et  socam  de  Soaytb,  cum  pertinentiis, 
in  comitatu  Eborum : — Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  prae- 
dicta  maneria  et  socam,  cum  pertinentiis  euis  quibuscun- 
que,  una  cum  feodis  militum  ac  omnibus. aliis  proficuis  et 
commoditatibus  prsedictis  maneriis  et  socio  spectantibus  sive 
pertinentibuB,  eisdem  cardinali,  archiepiscopo,  episcopis,  co- 
mitibus,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Radulpho,  Radulpho,  Jobanni, 
Henrico,  Johanni,  Ricardo,  Adae,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Wal- 
tero, Edmundo,  Johanni,  Jacobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Jo- 
hanni, Jobanni,  Willielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  bioredihus 
et  aseigDatts  suis,  de  nobis  et  haeredibus  noatris,  per  fide- 


^d  by  Google 


884 

coin,  William  bishop  of  Salisbury,  Thomas  biahop  of 
Bath  and  Wells,  and  John  bishop  of  Worcester;  Henry 
earl  of  Northumberland  and  William  earl  of  Suffolk; 
John  viscount  Beaumont;  Walter  lord  de  Hungerford, 
Ralph  lord  de  Cromwell,  and  Ralph  lord  de  Sudley; 
John  Somerset,  Henry  Seuer,  John  Langton,  Richard 
Andrewe,  Adam  Moleyns,  John  de  la  Ber^  Walter  Ly- 
hert,  and  Walter  Shirington,  clerks;  Edmund  Hunger- 
ford  and  John  Beaucbamp,  knights ;  James  Fenys,  Ed- 
ward Hull,  John  Saintlo,  John  Hampton,  John  Noreys, 
William  Tresham,  John  Vampage,  and  Richard  Aired, 
esquires;  the  manors  of  Somhoum,  Weston-Hartley,  and 
Longstock,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of 
Southampton ;  —  the  manors  of  Everley,  Collingbounie, 
Trowbridge,  Berwick,  and  Eketerton,  with  the  appur- 
tenances, in  the  county  of  Wilts; — the  manor  of  Chip- 
ping Lamboum,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county 
of  Berks; — the  manors  of  Kingston  Lacy,  Wimbome, 
Blandford,  and  Shapwick,  with  the  appurtenances,  in 
the  county  of  Dorset; — the  manor  of  Minsterworth,  with 
the  appurtenances,  in  the  coimty  of  Gloucester;— the 
manor  of  Hodenak,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  Marches 
of  Wales; — the  manor  and  soke  of  Snaitb,  with  the  ap- 
purtenances, in  the  county  of  York: — To  have  and  to 
hold  all  the  aforesaid  manors  and  sok^  with  whatso- 
ever their  appurtenances,  together  with  the  knights'  fees, 
and  all  other  profits  and  commodities  belonging  or  ap- 
pertaining to  the  aforesaid  manors  and  soke,  to  the  same 
cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  earls,  John,  Walter,  Ralph, 
Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John,  Walter, 
Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John,  John,  John, 
William,  John,  and  Rjchard,  and  to  their  heirs  and  assigns, 
of  us  and  our  heirs  for  ever,  by  fealty  only,  without  ren- 


^d  by  Google 


aas 

liUtom  tantunv  absque  altquo  alio  nobis  vel  hsredibus 
DOBtriB  iode  reddendo,  in  perpetuum.  Salvis  semper  et 
reseiratis,  nobis  et  hseredibus  noBtris  Ducibus  Lancas- 
trian advocaUonibuB  ecclesiarum,  prioratuum,  abbatJarum, 
Ticariarum,  cantariarum,  capellarum,  hospitalium,  et  alio- 
rom  beneficaoTum  ecclesiasticonim  quorumcunque,  eisdem 
maneriis  et  soc^  cum  pertinentiifl}  nllo  modo  spectantibus. 
Et  noB  et  dicti  baeredes  nostri  maneria  et  socam,  ac  omnia 
et  singula  prsemissa  cum  pertinentiis,  profiitis  cardinali, 
archiepiscopo,  episcopis,  comitibusi  Jofaanni»  Waltero,  Ra- 
dulpbo,  Raduipbo,  Jobanni,  Henrico,  Johanni,  Bicardo, 
Adffi,  Jobanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Edmundo,  Jobanoi,  Ja- 
cobo,  Edwardo,  Jobanni,  Jobanni,  Johanni,  Willielmo,  Jo~ 
hanni,  et  Ricardo,  bsredibua  et  asaignatie  suis,  contra 
omnes  homines  warantizabimus  et  defendemus  in  perpe- 
tuum. Eo  quod  ezpressa  mentio  de  Tero  valore  annuo 
eorumdem  maneriorum  et  soceb,  ac  cieterorum  prsemia- 
Borum  aic  per  nos  ad  prsesens  datorum  et  concessorum, 
ut  prsefertur,  sen  de  aliis  donie,  rebus,  vel  possessioni- 
bus  eiedem  cardinali,  archiepiscopo,  episcopis,  comitibus, 
Johanni,  Waltero,  Radulpho,  Radulpho,  Johanni,  Henrico, 
Johanni,  Ricardo,  Adse,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Ed- 
mundo, Jobanni,  Jacobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Jobanni,  Jo- 
banni, Witlielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  aut  eorum  alicui, 
per  noB  sen  prtedecessores  Tel  progenitores  nostros,  factis 
sive  coDceBsis,  in  prasentibus  juxta  formam  statuti  inde 
editi  facta  Don  existit^  aeu  aliis  causis,  materiis,  acdbus, 
sive  ordinationibus  quJbuscunque  in  contrarium  editis, 
facUs,  sive  habitiS)  non  obstantibus.  In  cujuB  rei  testi- 
monium bas  literas  nostras  fieri  fecimus  patentes.  Datas 
sub  si^llo  nostro  ducatus  nostri  Lancastri»,  apud  mane- 
rium  nostrum  de  Shene,  sepdmo  die  Julii  anno  re^i 
nostri  vicesimo  secundo. 


^d  by  Google 


dering  to  us  or  our  heire  any  other  thing  therefore.  Saving 
alwaya  and  reaeired  to  us  and  to  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lan- 
caster the  advowsons  of  cburchee,  priories,  abbeys,  vi- 
carages, chantries,  chapels,  hoepitalst  and  other  ecclesias- 
tical benefices  whatsoever  in  anywise  belonging  to  the 
same  manors  and  soke,  with  their  appurtenances.  And 
we  and  our  said  heirs  will  warrant  and  defend  against 
all  men  the  manors  and  soke,  and  all  and  singular  the 
premises,  with  the  appurtenances,  to  the  aforesaid  car> 
dinal,  archbishop,  bisbope,  earls,  John,  Walter,  Ralph, 
Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John,  Walter, 
Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John,  Jobn,  John, 
William,  John,  and  Richard,  their  heirs  and  assigns  for 
ever.  Notwithstanding  that  express  mention  is  not 
made  in  these  presents,  according  to  the  form  of  the 
statute  in  that  behalf  made,  of  the  true  yearly  value  of 
the  same  manors  and  soke,  and  of  tfae  rest  of  the  pre- 
mises, so  by  us  now  ^ven  and  granted,  as  is  aforesaid, 
or  of  other  gift«,  things,  or  possessions  made  or  granted 
by  us  or  our  predecessors  or  progenitors  to  the  same 
cardinal,  archbbhop,  bishops,  earls,  Jobn,  Walter,  Ralph, 
Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John,  Walter, 
Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John,  John, 
John,  William,  Jobn,  and  Richard,  or  any  one  of  them, 
or  notwithstanding  any  other  causes,  matters,  acts,  or 
ordinances  whatsoever  had,  made,  or  passed  to  the  con- 
trary. In  witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our 
letters  to  be  made  patent  Given  under  our  seal  of 
our  duchy  of  Lancaster,  at  our  manor  of  Sheen,  on  the 
seventh  day  of  July  in  the  twenty-second  year  of  our 
reign. 

We  have  inspected,  moreover,  other  our  letters  patent 
made  under  our  seal  of  our  said  duchy  in  these  words : 


^d  by  Google 


8S6 

Inspeximua  insuper  sliaa  literas  noBtras  patentes  sub 
sigillo  Dostro  dicU  ducatus  nostri  factas  in  heec  verba : 

HenricuB,  Dei  gratia,  Rex  Angliee  et  Franciae,  et  Do- 
minus  Hibernise,  omnibua  ad  quos  prassentes  liters  per- 
Tenerint,  salutem,  Sciatis,  quod  iios,  ex  certa  scientia 
et  mero  motu  Doetris,  certis  necessariis  et  Dotabilibus  de 
cauais  nos  intime  moventibue,  dedimua,  concessimus,  et 
hac  prsesenti  carta  nostra  confirmaTimus,  pro  nobis  et 
bieredibus  nostris,  venerabilibus  patribus  Johanni  cardi- 
nal! archiepificopo  Eborum,  Johanni  archiepiscopo  Can- 
tuariensi ;  Roberto  Londonensii  Willielmo  Lincolnensi, 
Willielmo  Sarum,  Tboms  Batbonensi  et  Wellensi,  et  Jo- 
hanni Wigornensi,  episcopis;  Willielmo  marcbioni  Su£- 
folciee;  Henrico  comiti  Northumbriae;  Johanni  vicecomiti 
Beaumont;  Waltero  domino  de  Hungerford,  Radulpho  do- 
mino de  Cromwell,  et  Radulpho  domino  de  Seudeley ;  Jo- 
hanni Somersette,  Henrico  Seuer,  Johanni  Langton,  Ri. 
cardo  Andrewe,  Adse  Moleyns,  Johanni  de  la  Bere,  Wal- 
tero Lyhert,  et  Waltero  Shirington,  clericis;  Edmundo 
Hungerford,  Johanni  Beauchamp,  Jacobo  Fenys,  et  £d- 
wardo  Hull,  militibus;  Johanni  Saintlo,  Johanni  Hamp- 
ton, Jofaanni  Noreys,  Willielmo  Tresham,  Johanni  Vam- 
page,  et  Hicardo  Aired,  annigeris ;  manerium  et  dominium 
de  Bernolwyke,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Eborum;  ma- 
nerium de  Kylborn,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  eodem  comitatu ; 
feodi  firmam  Tocatam  Whitgif^  cum  pertinentiis,  in  co- 
mitatu praedicto: — Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  prm- 
dicta  maneria,  dominium,  et  feodi  firmam,  cum  pertinen- 
tiis suis  quibuscunque,  una  cum  feodis  militum  et  om- 
nibus aliis  proficuis  et  commoditatibus  prfedictie  maneriis, 
dominio,  et  feodi  firmse  spectantibuB  sive  pertinentibus, 
eisdem  cardinal!,  archiepiscopo,  episcopis,  marchioni,  co- 
miti,  Johanni,  Waltero,    Radulpho,    Radulpho,  Johanai, 


^d  by  Google 


Henry,  bjr  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  «bont  the  pre- 
sent letters  ahall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye,  that  we, 
of  our  certain  knowledge  and  mere  motion,  for  certain 
necessary  and  notable  causes  inwardly  moving  us,  have 
given,  granted,  and  by  this  our  present  charter  have 
confirmed,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  the  venerable  fathers 
John  cardinal  archbishop  of  York,  John  archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  Robert  bishop  of  l.ondon,  William  bishop 
of  Lincoln,  William  bishop  of  Salisbury,  Thomas  bishop 
of  Bath  and  Wells,  and  John  bishop  of  Worcester ;  Wil- 
liam marquis  of  Sufiblk;  Henry  earl  of  Northumberland; 
John  viscount  Beaumont;  Walter  lord  de  Hungerford, 
Ralph  lord  de  Cromwell,  and  Ralph  lord  de  Sudley ;  John 
Somersette,  Henry  Seuer,  John  Langton,  Richard  An- 
drewe,  Adam  Moleyns,  John  de  la  Bere,  Walter  Lyhert, 
and  Walter  Shirington,  clerks;  Edmund  Hungerford,  John 
Beauchamp,  James  Fenys,  and  Edward  Hull,  knights;  John 
Saiutlo,  John  Hampton,  John  Noreys,  William  Tresham, 
John  Vampage,  and  Richard  Aired,  esquires;  the  manor 
and  lordship  of  Bamoldwick,  with  the  appurtenances,  in 
the  county  of  York ;  the  manor  of  Ktlbum,  with  the  appur- 
tenances, in  the  same  county;  the  fee-farm  called  Whitgifl, 
with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  aforesaid  country : — To  have 
and  to  hold  all  the  aforesaid  manors,  lordship,  and  fee-farm, 
with  whatsoever  their  appurtenances,  together  with  the 
knights'  fees,  and  all  other  profits  and  commodities  be- 
longing or  appurtenant  to  the  aforesaid  manors,  lordship, 
and  fee-farm,  to  the  same  cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops, 
marquis,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry, 
John,  Richard,  Adam,  John,  Walter,  Walter,  Edmund, 
John,  James,  Edward,  John,  John,  John,  William,  John, 
and  Richard,  their  heirs  and  assigns,  of  us  and  our  hrirs 
8  w 


^d  by  Google 


2S7 

Henrico,  Jobanni,  Ricardo,  Ad2e,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Wal- 
tero,  Edmundo,  Johanni,  Jacobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Jo- 
hanni, Johanni,  Willielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  hsredibus 
et  asngnatiB  Buia,  de  nobis  et  heeredibua  noatris,  per  fideli- 
tatem  tantum,  absque  aliquo  alio  nobis  vel  heeredibus  oos- 
tris  inde  reddendo,  in  perpetuum.  Salvia  semper  et  reaer- 
vatis,  nobis  et  hseredibus  nostris  Ducibus  Lancastriie,  ad- 
vocadonibuB  ecclesianim,  abbatiarum,  prioratuum,  vica- 
rianun,  cantariamm,  capellaruni,  bospitalium,  et  alionim 
beneficionim  eccledaadcoruin  quonimcunque,  ^adem  ma^ 
neriis,  dominio,  et  feodi  firmee,  cum  pertinentiis,  ullo  modo 
spectantibua.  Et  oos  et  dicti  hasredes  nostri  maneria,  do- 
minium, et  feodi  firmam,  ac  omnia  et  nngula  pnemissa, 
cum  pertJoentiis,  priefatis  cardinali,  arcbiepiecopo,  episco- 
pis,  marchiooi,  comtti,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Radulpho,  Ra- 
dulpho,  Johanni,  Henrico,  Johanni*  Ricardo,  Adee,  Jo- 
hanni, Waltero,  Waltero,  Edmundo,  Johanni,  Jacobo,  Ed- 
wardo,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Willielmo,  Johanni,  et 
Ricardo,  hseredibus  et  asaignads  suis,  contra  omoee  gentes 
warandzabimuB  et  defendemus  in  perpetuum.  Eo  quod 
expressa  mentio  de  vero  valore  annuo  eorumdem  mane- 
riorum,  dominii,  et  feodi  firmse,  ac  cseterorum  pnemiasorum 
wc  per  noB  ad  prseaenB  datonmi  et  conceBSonun,  ut  prae- 
fertur,  aeu  de  altie  donis,  rebus,  vel  poesesBiontbus  etsdem 
cardinali,  archiepiscopo,  episcopis,  marchioni,  comiti,  Jo- 
hanni, Waltero,  Radulpho,  Radulpho,  Johanni,  Henrica^ 
Johanni,  Ricardo,  Adse,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Ed- 
mundo, Johanni,  Jacobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Johanni,  Jo- 
hanni, Willielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  aut  eorum  aliciu, 
per  noB  sen  prsedecessores  vel  progenitores  nostros  factia 
sire  concessis,  in  praesentibus  juxta  formam  statuti  inde 
editi  facta  noo  existit,  aeu  aliis  causis,  materiis,  actibus, 
sive  ordinationibus  quibuscunque  in  coutrarium  factis,  edi- 


^d  by  Google 


«27 

for  ever,  b;  fealty  oa\y,  without  rendering  to  ub  or  our 
heirs  any  other  thing  therefore.  Saving  aJways  and  re- 
served to  us  and  to  our  heirs  Dukea  of  Lancaster  the 
advowBODs  of  churches,  abbeys,  priories,  vicarages* 
chautriea,  chapels,  hospitals,  and  other  ecclenasttcal  b^ 
nefices  whatsoever,  in  any  manner  belonging  to  the  aame 
manors,  lordship,  aod  fee-farm,  with  their  appurtenances. 
And  we  and  our  said  heirs  will  warrant  and  defend  againat 
all  people  the  manors,  lordship,  and  fee-farm,  and  all 
and  singular  the  premises,  with  their  appurtenances,  to 
the  aforesaid  cardinal,  arcbbiabop,  bishops,  marquis,  earl, 
John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard, 
Adam,  John,  Walter,  Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Ed> 
ward,  John,  John,  John,  William,  John,  and  Richard, 
dneir  heirs  and  assigns  for  ever.  Notwithstanding  that 
express  mention  is  not  made  in  these  presents,  accord- 
ing to  the  form  of  the  statute  in  that  behalf  made,  of 
the  true  annual  value  of  the  some  manors,  lordship,  and 
fee-farm,  and  other  the  premises,  so  by  us  now  given 
and  granted,  as  it  aforesaid,  or  of  other  gifts,  things 
or  possessions  made  or  granted  by  us  or  our  prede- 
cessors or  progenitors  to  the  same  cardtual,  arcbbiabop, 
bishops,  marquis,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph, 
John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John,  Walter, 
Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John,  John, 
John,  William,  John,  and  Richard,  or  any  one  of  them, 
or  notwithstanding  other  causes,  matters,  acts,  or  ordt* 
nances  whatsoever  made,  passed,  or  bad  to  tbe  contrary. 
In  witness  whereof  we  have  caused  these  our  letters 
to  be  made  patent  Given  under  our  seal  of  our  duchy 
of  I>ancaster,  at  our  castle  of  Windsor,  on  the  twenty- 
third  day  of  February  in  the  twenty-third  year  of  our 
reign. 


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tis,  Bive  babitis,  hoq  obstantibus.  In  cujus  lei  testimo- 
nium bas  literas  nostraa  fieri  fecimua  patentes.  Date 
sub  sigillo  nostro  ducatus  nostri  Lancastrin,  apud  castrum 
nostnun  de  Wyndesore,  riceumo  tertio  die  Febnivii  anno 
legni  nostri  ricesimo  tertio. 

Inspeximus  etiam  alias  Uteres  nostras  pateotes  sub  s- 
gillo  noetro  dicti  ducatus  nostri  factae  in  bsc  verba : 

Henricus,  Dei  gratia.  Rex  Anglis  et  Franose^  et  Do- 
nunus  HibernifB,  omnibus  ad  quos  prsesentes  liter»  per- 
Tenerint,  salutem.  Scuatis,  quod  nos,  ex  certa  sdeotia  et 
mero  motu  nostris,  certis  necessariis  et  notalnlibus  de 
cauua  DOS  intime  moventibus,  dedimu^  concesumus,  et 
hac  pneseoti  carta  nostra  confirmavimus,  pro  nobis  et 
beeredibuB  DOstris,  venerabilibus  patribue  JobanDi  cardi- 
nali  archiepiscopo  Eborum,  Johanni  archiepiscopo  Can- 
tuarieosi ;  Roberto  Londonensi,  Willielmo  Liocolnenai, 
Willielmo  Sarum,  Hiomse  Batbonensi  et  WellenM,  ac  Jo- 
hanni Wigomensi,  epiecopia;  Willielmo  marchioni  Suf- 
folciffi;  Henrico  Northumbriee  comiti;  Jobanni  vicecomiti 
Beaumont;  Waltero  domino  de  Hungerford,  Radulpbo  do- 
mino de  Cromwell,  et  Radulpbo  de  Seudeley ;  Johanni  So- 
merset, Henrico  Seuer,  Johanni  Langton,  Ricardo  An- 
drewe,  Adas  Moleyns,  Johanni  de  la  Here,  Waltero  Lybert, 
et  Waltero  Sbirington,  clericis ;  Edmundo  Hungerford,  Jo- 
hanni Beaucbamp,  Jacobo  Fenye,  et  Edwardo  Hull,  mili- 
tibus;  Johanni  Saintlo»  Johanni  Hampton,  Jobanni  Noreys, 
Willielmo  Treeham,  Johanni  Vampage,  et  Ricardo  Aired, 
armigerifi ;  castra,  dominia,  et  maneria  de  Keawelly,  Kair- 
kenny,  Iskenoy,  et  Kamwalthan,  cum  membris  et  perti- 
nentiis  euis;  castrum,  manerium,  et  dominium  de  Ogge- 
more,  cum  membris  et  pertinentiis  suis;  castra,  dominia, 
et  maneria  de  Motinemoutb,  Grosaemont,  Skenfrith,  et 
Wfaitecastell,  cum  membria  et  pertinentiis  suis ;  et  manerium 


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We  hare  also  inspected  other  our  letters  pateot  made 
under  our  seal  of  our  said  duchy  in  these  words : 

Henry,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England  and 
France,  and  Lord  of  Ireland,  to  all  to  whom  the  pre- 
sent letters  shall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye,  that  we,  of 
our  certain  knowledge  and  mere  motion,  for  certain  ne- 
cessary and  notable  causes  inwardly  moving  us,  have 
given,  granted,  and  by  this  our  present  charter  have 
confirmed,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  the  venerable  fathers» 
John  cardinal  archbishop  of  York,  John  archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  Robert  bishop  of  I.ondon,  William  bishop 
of  Lincoln,  William  bishop  of  Salisbury,  Thomas  bishop 
of  Bath  and  Wella,  and  John  bishop  of  Worcester ;  Wil- 
liam marquis  of  Suffolk ;  Henry  earl  of  Northum- 
berland; John  viscount  Beaumont;  Walter  lord  de  Hun- 
gerford,  Ralph  lord  de  Cromwell,  and  Ralph  lord  de 
Sudley;  John  Somerset,  Henry  Seuer,  John  Langton, 
Richard  Andrewe,  Adam  Moleyns,  John  de  la  Ber^ 
Walter  Lyhert,  and  Walter  Shirington,  clerks;  Edmund 
Hungerford,  John  Beancbamp,  James  Fenys,  and  Ed- 
ward Hull,  knights;  John  Saintio,  John  Hampton,  John 
Noreys,  William  Treebam,  John  Vampage,  and  Richard 
Aired,  esquires;  the  castles,  lordships,  and  manors  of 
Kidwelly,  Kiurkenny,  Iskenny,  and  Karnwalthan,  with 
their  members  and  appurtenances;  the  castle,  manor,  and 
lordship  of  Ogmore,  with  its  members  and  appurtenances; 
the  castles,  lordships,  and  manors  of  Monmouth,  Gros- 
mont,  Skenfretb,  and  Whitecaatle,  with  their  members  and 
appurtenances;  and  the  manor  or  lordship  of  Ebboth 
with  its  members  and  appurtenances,  in  South  Wales 
and  the  Marches  of  the  same ;  —  the  castle,  lordship, 
manor,  and  honor  of  Pevensey,  with  its  members  and 
appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Sussex; — the  lordship, 


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M9 

give  dominium  de  EbboUi,  cum  membris  et  pertinentiis 
suis,  in  Suthwallia  et  marchiis  ejusdem; — castrum,  domi- 
niiun,  manerium,  et  honorem  de  Pevenesey,  cum  membris  et 
pertinentiis  suis,  in  comitatu  Sussexice ;— dominium,  mane- 
rium,  et  TilUm  de  Beeton  super  mare,  cum  membris  et  per- 
tinentiis suis,  in  comitatu  NorfFoltns  ;^-caetrum,  domiDiam, 
et  manerium  de  Casteldonyngton,  cum  membris  et  perti- 
nentiis  euis,  in  comitatu  I^tcefltriro;  —  feoda  comitatuam 
Lincolniae  et  Derbei^,  cum  pertinentiis  suis; — castnun, 
▼illam,  dominium,  manerium,  et  honorem  de  Tikbill,  com 
membris  et  pertinentiis  suis,  in  comitatu  Eborum:— Ha- 
bendum et  tenendum  omnia  prcedicta  castra,  dominia, 
villas,  maneria,  et  bonores,  et  feoda  comitatuum,  cum  mem- 
bris et  perdnentiis  suis  quibuscunque,  una  cum  feodis  mi- 
litum  et  omnibus  aliis  proficuia  et  commoditatibus  eisdem 
castris,  dominiis,  villis,  maneriis,  bonoribus,  et  feodis  co- 
mitatuum epectantibuB  sive  pertinentibua,  eiadem  cardi- 
nali,  arcbiepiscopo,  episcopis,  marcbioni,  comiti,  Jobanni, 
Waltero,  Radulphcs  Radulpho,  Jobanni,  Henrico,  Jobanni, 
Ricardo,  Adfc,  Jobanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Edmundo,  Jo- 
banni, Jacobo,  £dward(^  Jobanni,  Jobanni,  Jobanni,  WiX- 
lielmo,  Johauni,  et  Ricardo,  hseredibua  et  assignatis  sui^ 
per  fidelitatem  tantum,  absque  aliquo  alio  nobis  vel  bee- 
redibus  nostris  inde  reddendo^  in  perpetuum.  Salvis  sem- 
per et  reservatis,  nobis  et  bceredibus  nostris  Dudbus  Lan- 
castrise,  advocationibus  ecclesiarum,  abbatiarum,  priora- 
tuum,  vi  can  arum,  cantariarum,  capellarum,  boepitalium, 
et  aliorum  beneficiorum  ecclesiasticorum  quommcunque, 
eisdem  castris,  dominiis,  villis,  maneriis,  bonoribus,  et 
feodis  comitatuum,  cum  membris  et  pertinentiis  suis,  ullo 
modo  spectantibus.  Et  nos  et  dicti  hEeredes  nostri  castra, 
dominia,  villas,  maneria,  bonores,  et  feoda  comitatuum,  ac 
omnia  et  singula  prsmisBa,  cum  pertinentiis,  prse&ttis  car- 


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8S9 

manor,  and  town  of  Beeston  on  the  Sea,  with  its  mem- 
bers and  appurtenancee,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk ;  —  the 
castle,  lordship,  and  manor  of  Castle  Donington,  with 
its  members  and  appurtenances,  in  the  count;  of  Leices- 
ter;—the  fees  of  the  counties  of  Lincoln  and  Derby, 
with  their  appurtenances;  —  the  castle,  town,  lordship, 
manor,  and  honor  of  Tickhill,  with  its  members  and  ap- 
purtenances, in  the  county  of  York: — To  have  and  to 
hold  all  the  aforesaid  castles,  lordships,  towns,  manors, 
and  honors,  and  fees  of  counties,  with  whatsoever  their 
members  and  appurtenances,  together  with  the  knights' 
fees,  and  all  other  profits  and  commodities  belonging 
or  appertaining  to  the  same  castles,  lordships,  towns, 
manors,  honors,  and  fees  of  counties,  to  the  same  car- 
dinal, archbishop,  bishops,  marquis,  earl,  John,  Walter, 
Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard,  Adam,  John, 
Walter,  Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John, 
John,  John,  William,  John,  and  Richard,  their  heirs 
and  assigns  for  ever,  by  fealty  only,  without  rendering 
to  us  or  our  heirs  any  other  thing  therefore.  Saving 
always  and  reserved  to  us  and  to  our  heirs  Dukes  of 
Lancaster  the  advowsons  of  churches,  abbeys,  priories, 
vicarages,  chantries,  chapels,  hospitals,  and  other  ecde- 
uastical  benefices  whatsoever,  in  any  manner  belonging 
to  the  same  castles,  lordships,  towns,  manors,  honors 
and  fees  of  counties,  with  their  members  and  appurte- 
nances. And  we  and  our  sud  heirs  will  warrant  and 
defend  against  all  people  the  castles,  lordships,  towns, 
manors,  honors,  and  fees  of  counties,  and  all  and  sin. 
gular  the  premises,  with  their  appurtenances,  to  the 
aforesaid  cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  marquis,  earl, 
John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard, 
Adam,  John,  Walter,  Walter,  Edmuud,  John,  James,  Ed- 


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dinali,  archiepiscopo,  «pi8co[ue,  marcbioni,  craniti,  Johamii, 
Waltero,  Radulpbo,  Radulpbo,  Johanni,  Henrico,  Johanni, 
Uicardo,  Ad»,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Waltero,  Edmundo,  Jo- 
banni,  Jacobo^  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Johaoni,  Johanni,  WiU 
lielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  bieredihnB  et  assignatiH  suis, 
contra  omnes  gentea  varantizabimua  et  defendemus  in  per^ 
petuum.  Eo  quod  expressa  mentio  de  Toro  valoie  annuo 
eonimdem  castrorum,  dominiorum,  vilUrum,  manerionim, 
boDonnu,  et  feodorum  comitatuum,  ac  caeterorum  praemis- 
Borum,  ac  per  nos  ad  preesens  datonim  et  concessonun,  ut 
pnefertur,  aeu  de  aliis  doniB,  rebus,  vel  poseeswonibua 
eisdem  cardinali,  archiepiecopo,  episcopis,  marchioni,  co- 
miti,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Radulpho,  Radulpbo,  Johanni, 
Henrico,  Johanni,  Ricardo,  Adse,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Wal- 
tero,  Edmundo,  Johanni,  Jacobo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Jo- 
hanni, Johanni,  Willielmo,  Johanni,  et  Ricardo,  aut  eorum 
alicui,  per  nos  seu  prffideceseores  vel  progenitores  nostroa 
factJB  sive  conceBsis,  in  praBsentibus  juxta  fonnam  statud 
iode  ediU  facta  non  existit,  seu  aliis  cau^s,  materiis,  ac- 
tibus,  sive  ordinatioaibuB  quibuecunque  in  contrarium  factia, 
ediUs,  sive  habitia,  non  obatantibua.  In  cujus  rei  teatimo- 
nium  has  Uteras  noatras  fieri  fecimus  patentes.  Dats 
sub  eigillo  noatro  ducatus  nostri  LAncastriee,  apud  castrum 
nostrum  de  Wyndesore,  viceaimo  nono  die  Junii  anno  regni 
nostri  ricesimo  tertio. 

Nos  autem  literas  nostras  prffidictas,  praefatis  cardtnali, 
archiepiacopo,  epiacopis,  Johanni  Carpenter  nunc  epiacopo 
Wigomenai,  Adse  Moleyns  nunc  episcopo  Cicestrenai,  Wal- 
tero Lyhert  nunc  epiacopo  Norwicensi ;  Willielmo  comiti 
SuffolciEo  nunc  marchioni  Snffolciae;  Henrico  comiU  Nor- 
thumbriae;  Johanni  vicecomiti  Beaumont;  Waltero  domino 
de  Hungerford,  Radulpbo  domino  de  Cromwell,  Radulpbo 
domino  de  Seudeley;  Johanni  Somerset,  Henrico  Seuer, 


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«80 

ward,  John,  John,  Jobn,  William,  John,  and  Richard, 
their  heirs  and  assigna  (or  ever.  Notwithstanding  that 
express  mentioQ  is  not  made  in  these  presenta,  accord' 
ing  to  the  form  of  the  statute  in  that  behalf  made, 
of  the  true  yearly  value  of  the  same  caatles,  lordships, 
towns,  manors,  honors,  and  fees  of  counties^  and  other 
the  premises,  so  by  us  now  given  and  granted,  as  is 
aforesaid,  or  of  other  gifU,  things,  or  poBsessioos  made 
or  granted  by  us  or  our  predecessors  or  progenitora  to 
the  same  cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  marquis,  earl, 
John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard, 
Adam,  John,  Walter,  Walter,  Edmund,  John,  James,  Ed- 
ward, John,  John,  John,  William,  John,  and  Richard,  or 
any  of  them,  or  notwithstanding  other  causes,  matters, 
acts,  or  ordinances  whatsoever  made,  passed,  or  had  to 
Uie  contrary.  In  witness  whereof,  we  have  caused  these 
our  letters  to  be  made  patent  Given  under  our  seal 
of  our  duchy  of  Lancaster,  at  our  castle  of  Wndsor,  on 
the  twenty-ninth  day  of  June  in  the  twenty-third  year 
of  our  reign. 

NOW  we,  with  the  assent  of  the  Lords  Spiritual  and 
Temporal,  and  Commons,  of  our  realm  of  England,  in 
our  present  Parliament  assembled,  do  ratify,  confirm,  and 
approve,  by  the  authority  of  the  same  Parliament,  our 
aforesaid  letters,  made,  as  is  aforesaid,  to  the  aforesaid 
cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  John  Carpenter  now  bishop 
of  Worcester,  Adam  Moleyns  now  bishop  of  Chichester, 
Walter  Lyhert  now  bishop  of  Norwich ;  William  earl 
of  Suffolk  now  marquis  of  Suffolk;  Henry  earl  of 
Northumberland;  John  viscount  Beaumont;  Walter  lord 
de  Hungerford,  Ralph  lord  de  Cromwell,  Ralph  lord 
de  Sudley;  John  Somerset,  Henry  Seuer,  John  Lang- 
ton,  Richard  Andrew,  John  de  la  Bere,  and  Walter  Shi- 


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SSI 
Johanoi  Langtoo,  Ricardo  Andrew,  Johanni  de  U  Bere,  M 
Waltero  Sbtrington,  clerioB;  E^mundo  Hungerford,  et  Jo- 
hanni Beaucbamp,  militibus;  Jacobo  Fenya  nunc  mibli, 
Edwardo  Hull  nunc  militi;  Jobanni  Saintlo,  Jobanni 
Hampton,  Jobanni  Noreys,  Willielmo  Treaham,  Jobanni 
Vanipage,  et  Ricardo  Aired,  armigeris,  ut  pnedicitur,  fac- 
taa,  ex  aaBensu  Domiaorum  Spiritualium  et  Temporalium, 
ac  ConununitatiB  regni  nostri  Angliee,  in  prsesenti  Parlia- 
mento  noetro  exiatentiuiD,  aoctoritate  ejuBdem  Parliamenti, 
ratificamuB,  confirmamug,  et  approbamus ;  ac  omnia  et  sin- 
gula caatre,  dominia,  maneria,  hameletta,  feodi  firmas,  hun- 
dreda,  molendina,  terras,  tenementa,  redditus,  servitia,  bo- 
nores,  villas,  socas,  et  feoda  comitatuum,  ac  cKtera  pne- 
misaa,  in  eisdem  literis  noBtris  contenta,  nominata,  uve 
epecjficata,  eisdem  cardinali,  arcbiepiscopo,  episcopis,  mar- 
chioni,  comtti,  Jobanni,  Waltero,  Radulpbo,  Radulpbo,  Jo- 
banni, Henrico,  Jobanni,  Ricardo,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Ed- 
mundo,  Ji^nnt,  Jacobo^  Edwardo,  Jolianni,  Jobanni,  Jo- 
banni, WiUieltno,  Jobanni,  et  Ricardo,  auctoritate  prsedicta, 
damus  et  concedimua  per  pneeeDtes.  Habenda  sibi,  be- 
redibue  et  aeeignatis  suia  in  perpetuum,  ad  per6(uendum 
et  perimplendum  roluntatem  nostram  de  et  BUper  dispou- 
tione  eonimdem  castrorum,  dominiorum,  manerionim,  ha- 
melettorum,  feodi  firmarum,  faundredorum,  molendinorum, 
terranim,  et  tenementorum,  reddituum,  servitiorum,  bo- 
nonim,  villarum,  eocarum,  et  feodorum  comitatuum,  ac 
cseteronim  pnemissorum,  per  noa  in  poaterum  fiendam 
et  ordinandam,  eisdem  feo&tis  nostris  praedictis,  ex  parte 
nostra  declaraodam  et  noUficandam.  Salvia  qutbuscunque 
ligeis  noatris  statu,  poaaessione,  jure,  titulo,  et  interessa 
suia,  ac  vadiia,  feodia,  annuitatibus,  custodiis,  ofSciia,  et 
firmis  quibuscunque  in  aeu  de  dicto  ducatu  nostro  Lan- 
caatrise,  aut  aliqua  parcella  praemissoruin,  si  quee  habeant 
in  eisdem. 


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rington,  clerks;  Edmund  Hungerford  and  John  Beau- 
chunp,  knighU ;  James  Fenys  now  knight,  Edward 
Hull  now  knight;  John  Saintlo,  John  Hampton,  John 
NoreyB,  William  Tresbani,  John  Vampage,  and  Richard 
Aired,  esquires ;  and  do  give  and  grant  by  these  pre- 
sents, with  the  authority  aforesud,  all  and  singular  the 
castles,  lordships,  manors,  hamlets,  fee-fiinns,  hundreds, 
mills,  lands,  tenements,  rents,  services,  honors,  towns, 
sokes,  and  fees  of  counties,  and  the  rest  of  the  premises, 
contained,  named,  or  specified  in  our  same  letters,  unto 
the  same  cardinal,  archbiafaop,  hishope,  marquis,  earl, 
John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  John,  Henry,  John,  Richard, 
John,  Walter,  Exlmund,  John,  James,  Edward,  John,  John, 
John,  William,  John,  and  Richard :  To  have  to  them,  their 
heirs  and  assigns  for  ever,  to  do  and  fulfil  our  will,  by  us 
hereafter  to  he  made  and  orduned,  and  to  he  declared 
.  and  notified  on  our  behalf  to  our  aforesaid  feoffees,  upon 
and  concerning  the  disposition  of  the  same  castles,  lord- 
ships, manors,  hamleta,  fee-farms,  hundreds,  mills,  lands 
and  tenements,  rents,  services^  honors,  towns,  sokes,  and 
fees  of  counties,  and  the  rest  of  the  premises.  Saving  to  all 
our  lieges  whomsoever  their  estate,  poBsession,  right,  title, 
and  interest,  and  whatsoever  their  wages,  fees,  annuities, 
wardships,  offices,  and  farms  in  or  of  our  said  duchy  of 
Lancaster,  or  of  any  parcel  of  the  premises,  if  they  have 
any  in  the  same. 


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Petitio  in  Pulumento  tento  Bimo  rcgni  Regis  Hcnrici  Snti  post  Coa- 
questiua  Ticesiino  eeptimo. 

SOIT   BAILLE   AS    SeIONEURS. 

Bi  oiMiuu  1^^*^^  HE  King  willeth  that  bis  lettres  patentee  suf- 
fident  in  Uw^  be  made  by  auctorite  of  tbis 
present  Parlement  unto  tbe  personea  beoetb 
specified,  after  tbe  forme  under  writon : 
Rex,  omnibus  ad  quos,  &c.  salutem,  Sdatie,  quod  nos, 
ex  certa  scientia  et  mero  motu  nostris,  ac  certis  necessariia 
et  notabilibuB  de  causis  nos  intlme  moventibus,  de  avisa- 
meuto  et  assensu  Dominorum  Spiritualium  et  Tempora- 
lium,  ac  CommunitatiB  regni  noatri  Angliie,  in  preesenti 
Parliamento  nostro  existentium,  ac  auctoritate  ejusdem 
Parliament!,  dedimi^  concessimus,  et  bac  priBsend  carta 
nostra  confirmaTimus,  pro  nobis  et  hseredibus  nostris,  Jo- 
hanni  cardinalt  et  arcbiepiscopo  Eborum,  Johanni  arcbie- 
piscopo  Cantuariengi,  Willielmo  Wintonensi,  Willielmo 
Lincolnensi,  Willielmo  Saresburiensi,  Tbomse  Bathonensi 
et  Wellensi,  Johanni  Wigornensi,  Ad»  Cicestrensi,  Wal- 
tero  Normcensi,  Johanni  Menevensi,  episcopis ;  Willielmo 
dud  SufTolcite ;  Henrico  comiti  NortbumbnGc ;  Johanni 
vicecomiti  Beaumont;  Waltero  domino  de  Hungreford, 
Radulpho  domino  de  Cromwell,  Radulpho  domino  de 
Seudeley,  Jacobo  domino  de  Say,  Johanni  domino  de 
Beaucbamp;  Johanni  Cbedworth,  Willielmo  Westbury, 
Johanni  Somerset,  Henrico  Seuer,  Ricardo  Andrev^  Wil- 
lielmo Say,  Nicbolao  Cloos,  Roberto  Wodelark^  Thomse 
Barker,  clerids;  Edmundo   Hungreford,   Edwardo   Hull, 


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Petition  in  the  Parliament  holilen  in  the  twenty-seventh  year  of  the 
reign  of  King'  Henry  the  Sixth  after  the  Conquest. 

Let  it  be  delivered  to  the  Lords. 

SHE  Kiog  wiDeth  that  his  letters  patent,  suf-  iMUJnir- 
ficieot  in  law,  be  made  by  authority  of  this  *■'>■  ***'■ 
present  Parliament  unto  the  perBong  beneath  Mreturih* 
epecified,  after  the  form  under  written ;  luchuf. 

The  King,  to  all  to  whom,  &c.  greeting.  Know  ye,  SSSS'iln 
that  we,  of  our  certain  knowledge  and  mere  motion,  h»!?!)!^ 
and  for  certain  necessary  and  notable  causes  inwardly  "*""' 
moving  ua,  have,  by  the  advice  and  assent  of  the  Lords 
Spiritual  and  Temporal,  and  Commons  of  our  realm  of 
England,  in  our  present  Parliament  assembled,  and  by 
the  authority  of  the  same  Parliament,  given,  granted, 
and  by  this  our  present  charter  have  confirmed,  for  us 
and  our  heirs,  to  John  cardinal  and  archbishop  of  York, 
John  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  William  bishop  of  Win- 
chester, William  bishop  of  Lincoln,  tt^lliam  bishop  of 
Salisbury,  Thomas  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  John  bishop 
of  Worcester,  Adam  bishop  of  Chichester,  Walter  bishop 
of  Norwich,  John  bishop  of  Sl  David's;  William  duke 
of  Suffolk;  Henry  earl  of  Northumberland;  John  viscount 
Beaumont;  Walter  lord  de  Hungerford,  Ralph  lord  de 
Cromwell,  Ralph  lord  de  'Sudley,  James  lord  de  Say,  John 
lord  de  Beauchamp;  John  Chedworth,  William  West- 
bury,  John  Somerset,  Henry  Seuer,  Richard  Andrewe, 
Williaifi  Say,  Nicholas  Cloos,  Robert  Wodelarke,  Thomas 
Barker,    clerks ;    Edmund    Hungerford,    Edward    Hull, 


^d  by  Google 


S8S 

mititibus;  Johanni  Hampton,  Johaoni  Norreys,  JofaaDni 
Say,  Willielmo  Tresham,  et  Johanni  V&mpage,  annigeiis ; 
hnredibua  et  usign&dB  suis,  caatnun,  dominium,  nve  ma- 
nerium  de  Novo  Castro  aubtOB  Ljnam,  in  CMnitBtu  Staf^ 
fordiK,  cum  pertinentiis ; — wapenta<duum  sire  aocagiom 
de  Wirkesworth,  maneria  et  villas  de  Wirkeeworth  et 
Asshebunie,  ac  wapentachia  de  Plumtre  et  Rysley,  cum 
singulis  eonim  pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Derbuse ; — wapen- 
tadiium  de  Allerton  cum  pertinentus,  maneria  de  Ijuigfa- 
ton,  Gryngleyj  et  Wbeteley,  cum  pertdnentiis,  in  comitatn 
Notinghamiae,  et  alibi ;— maoerium  de  Fulmodeeton,  nec- 
non  firmam  et  redditum  ejuadem,  in  comitatu  Norffiilciffi, 
cum  pertinentiis ; — manerium  de  Bradford  cum  pertinen- 
tiis caatrum,  dominium,  et  manerium  de  KnaresbuTgh,  ma- 
neria de  Screvyn,  Rouclyf,  et  Aldeburgh,  baOivam  burgi  de 
Knaresburgh,  molendina  de  Knaresburgh,  et  forestam  nve 
cbaceam  de  Knaresbur^  cum  pertinentiis,  una  cum  om- 
nibus et  singulis  exitibus,  firmis,  reventionibus,  pn^cuis, 
et  commoditatibuB  de  Wharfadale,  Swyndon,  Okeden,  et 
Fulttith,  cum  pertinentiis,  ac  aliis  proficuis  dietse  foreatte 
quibuscunque,  parcum  de  Haywra,  parcum  de  Bilton,  et 
parcum  del  Hay  cum  pertinentiis,  cum  omnibus  et  ungulis 
firmis,  proficuis,  reventionibus,  commoditatibus  ballivs  li- 
bertatis  de  Knaresburgh  prasdictfe,  molendina  de  Burgb- 
bryg,  et  vapentachium  de  Staneclyf  cum  pertinentiis^ 
castrum,  dominium,  et  manerium  de  Rkeryng  cum  per- 
tinentiis, manerium  de  Scalby  cum  pertinentiis,  et  cum 
agistamento  et  omnibus  aliis  proficuis  ejusdem  manerii, 
una  cum  exitibus,  proficuis,  reventionibus,  et  commodi- 
tatibus ballivs  libertatis  de  Pikeryng  prffidictte  in  comi- 
tatu Eborum,  et  alibi; — manerium  de  HentOD  cum  per- 
tinentiis, manerium  de  Wodespene  cum  pertinentiis,  in 
comitatu  Bercherice; — et  manerium  de  Pole  cum  perti- 


^d  by  Google 


9S8 

knights;  John  Hampton,  John  Norreys,  John  Say,  Wil- 
liam TreBham,  and  John  Vampage,  esquires,  their  heirs 
and  assigns»  the  castle,  lordship,  or  manor  of  Newcastle- 
under-Lyne,  in  the  county  of  Stafford,  with  its  appui- 
tenances; — the  wapentake  or  socage  of  Wirksworth,  the 
manors  and  towns  of  Wirksworth  and  Aghbome,  and 
the  wapentakes  of  Plumtree  and  Rieley,  with  every  of 
their  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Derhy ; — the  wapen- 
take of  AUerton,  with  its  appurtenances,  the  manors  of 
Laughton,  Gringtey,  and  Wheatley,  with  the  appurte- 
nances, in  the  county  of  Nottingham,  and  elsewhere; 
— the  manor  of  Fulmodeston,  also  the  farm  and  rent  of 
the  same,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk,  with  the  appurte- 
nances;— the  manor  of  Bradford,  with  the  appurtenances, 
the  castle,  lordship,  and  manor  of  Knarestiorough,  the 
manors  of  Scriren,  Rodiffe,  and  Aldborough,  the  baili- 
wick of  the  borough  of  Knareshorough,  the  mills  of 
Knaresborough,  and  the  forest  or  chace  of  Knaresborough 
with  the  appurtenances,  together  with  all  and  singular  the 
issues,  farms,  revenues,  profits,  and  commodities  of  Wharfe- 
dale,  Swindon,  Okeden,  and  Fulwitfa,  with  the  appurte- 
nances, and  all  other  profits  whatsoever  of  the  saii^  forest, 
the  park  of  Haywra,  the  park  of  Bilton,  and  the  park  of 
the  Hay  with  the  appurtenances,  with  all  and  dngnlar  the 
farms,  profits,  revenues,  and  commoditiee  of  the  baiUwick 
of  the  liberty  of  Knaresborough  aforesaid,  the  mJlls  of  Bo- 
roughbridge,  and  the  wapentake  of  Stuncliffe  with  the  ap- 
purtenances, the  castle,  lordship,  and  manor  of  Pickering 
with  the  appurtenances,  the  manor  of  Scalby  with  the  a,^ 
purtenances,  and  with  the  agistment  and  all  other  profits  of 
the  same  manor,  together  with  the  issues,  profits,  revenues, 
and  commodities  of  the  bailiwick  of  the  liberty  of  Pickering 
aforesud,  in  the  county  of  York,  and  elsewhere ;— the  manor 


^d  by  Google 


284 

DentiiB,  in  comitatu  Wilteaife ; — dgcdod  omnia  et  singula 
terras,  tenemeDta,  redditus,  reversioneB,  et  serritia  cum 
pertinentiia,  una  cum  feodis  militum,  parcis,  warennis, 
cbaceis,  mineris,  piscariis^  ac  omnibus  et  singulis  aliis 
proficuis  et  commoditatibu8}  qute  nobis,  vel  bieiedibuB 
nostris  Ducibus  Lancastrite,  ratione  dictoraio  castroruiD, 
dominiorum,  villaruro,  maneriorum,  soca^i,  wapentacbio- 
Tum,  ballivarum,  terrarum,  et  tenementorum,  ac  caetero- 
rum  prsemissomm,  in  comitatibus  prsedictis,  vel  alibi, 
quae  parcella  ducatus  noetri  Lancastrise  preedicti  exist- 
unt,  pertinent  vel  competunt,  aut  pertinere  rel  competere 
poterunt,  quoTismodo;  et  qu«e  nos,  aut  progenitores  vel 
antecessores  nostri  Duces  Lancastriee,  in  eisdem  castris, 
dominiis,  villi  s,  maneriis,  burgo,  socagio,  wapentacbiis, 
balliris,  tems,  tenementis,  ac  cteteris  prEemisais,  ratione 
ducatua  nostri  prsedicti  babere  seu  perdpere  consuerimus ; 
necnon  cum  omnibus  proficuis,  exitibus,  reventionibus,  et 
emolumenUs,  de  quibus  per  feodarios  nostros,  aeu  proge- 
nitorum  nostrorum  rel  antecessorum  Bostronim  Ducum 
Lancastrise,  comitatuum  Sussezise,  Norffoldie,  Somer- 
setie,  DorsetisQ,  Suthamtonife,  Wiltesice,  Oxonite,  et  Ber- 
cheiiae,  cum  peiidoentiis,  seu  eorum  aliquem,  nobb  seu  ali- 
quibus  dictorum  progeoitonim  sive  antecessorum  nostro- 
rum ante  hsec  tempora  reaponderi  uaitatum  fiierit  vel  con- 
suetum: — Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  et  singula  prse- 
dicta  castra,  dominia,  villas,  maneria,  socagium,  wapen- 
tacbia,  molendina,  ballivas,  forestam  sive  cbaceam,  parcos, 
agistamentum,  terras,  tenementa,  redditus,  reversiones,  et 
servitia  cum  pertinentiis,  una  cum  exitibus,  proficuis,  re- 
ventionibuB,  et  commoditatibus,  emolumentis  et  cffiteris 
prsemissis  quibuscunque,  prafatis  cardinal!,  archiepiscopo^ 
epiecopis,  duel,  comiti,  Jobanni,  Waltero,  Radulpho,  Ra- 
dulf^o,  Jacobo,    Jobanni,    Jobanni,  Willielmo^  Jobanni, 


^d  by  Google 


of  HeDton  with  the  appurtenanceB,  the  manor  of  Wood  Speen 
with  the  appurteniinceB,  in  the  county  of  Berke;— and  the 
manor  of  Poole  with  the  appurtenanceB,  in  the  county  of 
Wilts; — and  also  all  and  Bingular  the  lander  tenements, 
rents,  reversioiis,  and  services,  with  the  appurtenances, 
together  with  the  knighte'  fees,  parks,  warrens,  chaces, 
minee,  fisheries,  and  all  and  singular  the  other  profits 
and  commodities,  which  pertain  or  belong,  or  may  in 
any  vay  pertain  or  helong,  to  us  or  to  our  heirs  Dukes 
of  Lancaster  by  reason  of  the  said  castles,  lordships, 
towns,  manors,  socage,  wapentakes,  bailiwicks,  lands  and 
tenements,  and  the  rest  of  the  premises,  in  the  counties 
aforesaid,  or  elsewhere,  which  are  parcel  of  our  diicbj 
of  Lancaster  aforesaid;  and  which  we,  or  our  proge- 
nitors or  ancestors  Dukes  of  Lancaster,  have,  by  reason 
of  our  duchy  aforesaid,  been  accustomed  to  have  or  to 
receive  in  the  same  caBtles,  lordships,  towns,  manors, 
borough,  socage,  wapentakes,  bmliwicks,  lands,  tenements, 
and  the  rest  of  the  premises;  also  with  all  the  profits, 
issues,  revenues,  and  emoluments,  in  respect  of  which  we 
or  any  of  our  said  progenitors  or  ancestors  have  been 
previously  used  or  accustomed  to  he  answered  by  the 
feodaries,  or  any  one  of  them,  of  us,  or  of  our  proge- 
nitors or  ancestors  Dukes  of  Lancaster,  of  the  counties 
of  Sussex,  Norfolk,  Somerset,  Dorset,  Southampton,  Wilts, 
Oxford,  and  Berks,  with  the  appurtenances: — To  have 
and  to  bold,  from  the  feast  of  St  Michael  last  past, 
all  and  singular  the  aforesaid  castles,  lordships,  towns, 
manors,  socage,  wapentakes,  mills,  bailiwicks,  forest  or 
chace,  parks,  agistment,  lands,  tenements,  rents,  reversions, 
and  services,  with  the  appurtenances,  together  with  the 
issues,  profits,  revenues,  and  commodities,  emoluments  and 
other  premises  whatsoever,  to  the  aforesaid  cardinal,  arch- 
2a 


i  by  Google 


Henrico,  Ricardo,  Willielmo,  Nicholao,  Roberto,  Thomffi, 
Edmundo,  Edwardot  Johanni,  Johanoi,  Jobanni,  Willielmo^ 
et  Johanai,  heeredihus  et  asBignatis  euis,  a  festo  Sancti 
Micbaelte  ultimo  praat«rito  in  perpetuum,  de  nobis  et 
hffiredibuB  nostris,  per  fidelit&tem  tantum,  absque  aliquo 
Dobie  vel  beredibue  noatrie  iode  reddeodo;  ad  indo  per^ 
ficiendum  et  perimplendum  voluntatem  nostraiD,  per  noa 
iactam  et  ordiDatam,  vel  per  hob  super  eisdem  exnunc 
Gendam  et  ordinandam,  ac  eisdem  cardinali,  arehiepiacopo, 
epiBCopis,  duci,  comiti,  Johanni,  Waltero,  Radulpho,  Ra- 
dulpbo,  Jacobo,  Jobanni,  Johanni,  Willielmo,  Johaani, 
Henrico,  Ricardo,  Willielmo,  Nicbolao,  Roberto,  Tbomae, 
Edmundo,  Edwardo,  Jobanni,  Jobanni,  Johanni,  Willielmo, 
et  Johanni,  bseredibus  sen  assignatds  suis,  ex  parte  nostra 
declaiatam  et  notificatam,  vel  impoaterum  declarandam  et 
notiflcandam.  Salvis  semper  et  reserratis  nobis,  et  hae- 
redibuB  nostris  I>ucibus  Lancastriee,  advocatiombus  ec- 
clesiarum,  abbatiarum,  prioratuum,  vicariarum,  cantari- 
«rum,  capellanim,  bospitalium,  et  aliorum  beneficionim 
ecclesiasticonim  quorumcunque,  eisdem  castris,  dominii^ 
villiB,  maneriis,  terns  seu  tenementia,  aut  alicui  eorum, 
ullo  modo  BpectantibuB.  Et  nos  vero  et  bferedes  nostri 
prsBdicta  castra,  dominia,  maneria,  ^llas,  socagium,  wa~ 
pentacbia,  molendioa,  ballivaB,  forestam,  parcoe,  agista- 
mentum,  terras,  tenementa,  redditus,  reversiones,  et  ser- 
viUa,  cum  pertinentiiB,  una  cum  omnibus  et  singulis  aliis 
prsemiswB,  exceptia  praaexceptis  et  reserratis,  praefatis  car- 
dinali, archiepiscopo,  episcopis,  duci,  comiti,  Johanni,  Wal- 
t«ro,  Radulpho,  Radulpbo,  Jacobo,  Jobanni,  Johanni,  Wil- 
lielmo, Johanni,  Henrico,  Ricardo,  Willielmo,  Nicholao, 
Roberto,  Hiomse,  Edmundo,  Edwardo,  Johanni,  Jobanni, 
Johanni,  Willielmo,  et  Johanni,  heeredibus  et  assignatiB 
suiB,  contra  omnes  gentes  in   forma   prsedicta   warantiza^ 


i  by  Google 


9S6 

bishop,  bishops,  duke,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph, 
Jamee,  John,  JohD,  William,  John,  Henry,  Richard,  WiU 
tiain,  NicholaB,  Robert,  Thomas,  Edmund,  Edward,  John, 
John,  John,  Wlliam,  and  John,  their  heirs  and  aeeigns,  of 
us  and  our  beire  for  ever,  by  fealty  only,  without  reoderiDg 
any  other  thing  to  us  or  our  heirs  therefore;  therewith  to  do 
and  ful61  our  will  by  us  made  and  ordained  respecting  the 
same,  or  hereafter  to  be  made  and  ordained  by  us,  and  de- 
clared and  notified,  or  hereafter  to  be  declared  and  notified 
on  our  behalf,  to  the  same  cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops, 
duke,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  James,  John, 
John,  William,  John,  Henry,  Richard,  William,  Nicholas, 
Robert,  Thomas,  Edmund,  Edward,  John,  John,  John, 
^^^lliam,  and  John,  their  heirs  or  assigns.  Saving  always 
and  reserved  to  us  and  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster  the 
advowBons  of  churches,  abbeys,  priories,  vicarages,  chan- 
tries, chapels,  hospitals,  and  other  eecleuastical  benefices 
whatsoever,  in  any  manner  belonging  to  the  same  castles, 
lordships,  towns,  manors,  lands  or  tenements,  or  any  of 
them.  And  we,  moreover,  and  our  heirs,  will  warrant  and 
defend  against  all  people,  in  form  aforesaid,  the  aforesaid 
castles,  lordshipe,  manors,  towns,  socage,  wapentakes,  mills, 
bailiwicks,  forest,  parks,  agistment,  lands,  tenements, 
rents,  reversions,  and  services,  with  the  appurtenances,  to- 
gether  with  all  and  singular  other  the  premises,  except  the 
before  excepted  and  reserved,  to  the  sfbresiud  cardinal, 
archbishop,  Insbops,  duke,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph, 
Ralph,  James,  John,  John,  William,  John,  Henry,  Richard, 
Wilham,  Nicholas,  Robert,  Thomas,  Edmund,  Edward, 
John,  John,  John,  William,  and  John,  their  heirs  and  as- 
signs for  ever.  We  have  also  granted,  with  the  assent  Tiitfton« 
and  authority  aforesaid,  to  the  afbresaid  cardinal,  arch-  ao'innud, 
bishop,  tushopB,  duke,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  •'»><»• 


^d  by  Google 


2S6 

bimus  et  defendemus  in  perpetuum.  Conceflsimus  etiam, 
ex  assensu  et  auctoriute  prsdictis,  prsefatlB  canlioali,  u- 
chiepigcopo,  episcopia,  dud,  comiti,  Jobanni,  Waltens 
Radulpho,  Radulpbo,  Jacobo,  Johanni,  Johaoni,  Willielmo, 
Johanni,  Henrico,  Ricardo,  Willielmo,  Nicholao,  Roberto, 
Thomse,  EdmuDdo,  Edwardo,  JohanDi,  Johanoi,  Jobsnni, 
Willielmo,  et  Jobanni,  quod  ipei,  bseredee  et  ae^gnati 
Bui,  tarn  in  omnibus  et  singulis  praedictiB  castris,  domi- 
oUb,  maneriis,  villis,  socaj^o,  wapentacbiis,  ballivis,  tems, 
tenement,  forestis,  cbacea,  parcis,  et  ceeteris  prGemisGu 
quibuBcunque,  quam  in  omnibus  aliie  caetris,  dominiis) 
boQoribus,  villiB,  maneriiB,  terns,  tenementiB,  molendims, 
feodifinnis,  hundredis,  feodis  comitatuum,  et  aliis  posses- 
BJonibus  quibuscunque,  super  parcella  ducatus  nostri  pne- 
dicti,  qiue  died  cardinalis,  arcbiepiscopus,  Willielmus  Lin- 
colneDBiB,  WiUielmuB  Sarisburiensis,  Tbomae  BMboneosii 
et  WelleoBis,  Johannes  Wigomensis,  Adam  CicestrensiB, 
Walterus  NorwicensiB,  Johannes  nunc  Menevends,  epi- 
Bcopi,  dux,  comeB,  Jofaannea  vicecomes  Beaumont,  Walterus 
dominus  de  Hungerford,  Radulpbus,  RadulpbuB,  Jacobus, 
Johannes  nunc  dominus  do  Beauchamp,  Johannes  Somer- 
set,  HenricuB,  RicarduB,  EdmunduB,  Edwardua,  Johannes 
Hampton,  Johannes  Norreys,  Willielmus  Tresham,  et  Jo- 
hannes Vampage,  jam  habent,  [virtute]  quorundam  doni  et 
concessionis  per  nos  in  Parliamento  nostro  apud  Werimo- 
nasterium  vicesimo  quinto  die  Febniarii,  anno  regoi  nosf 
Ticesimo  tertio,  incepto,  et  usque  duodecimum  diem  Mar"'' 
anno  regni  noetri  vicesimo  quarto,  et  postes  durante  dicta 
Parliamento,  et  assensu  Dominorum  Spiritualium  et  Tein- 
poralium,  ac  Communitatda  regni  nostri  Angltse  in  P*^ 
liamento  illo  existentium,  auctoritate  ejusdem  Parliamentii 
eodem  duodecimo  die  Martii,  eisdem  cardinall,  arcbiepi* 
Bcopo,  episcopiB,  ducif  comiti,  Jobanni,  Waltero,  Radu1pho> 


^d  by  Google 


S86 

James,  John,  John,  William,  John,  Henry,   Richard,  Wil-  ^^^ 
Ham,  Nicholas,  Robert,  Thomas,  Edmund,  Edvard,  John,  uw^r^n. 
John,  John,  William,   and   John,   that   they,   their  heirs  iimoihciiit 
and  assigna,  may  have  and  exercise  such   and  BUch  sort  f^l/^^^f,, 
of  liberties,  jura   regalia,   customs,   franchises,    immuni-  TDcgu' ud 
ties,  and  privileges,   together  with   all   and  all  kinds  of  ''^jj"*'"'' 
profits  of  the  same,  in  all  things  and  through  all  things,  7^^  '^'!^ 
and  enjoy  and  use  them,  as  fully  and  completely  as  we  nudi. 
or  our  progenitors  or  ancestors  aforesaid  Dukes  of  Lancas- 
ter ever  most  fully  or  freely  had  or  perceived  them,  as  well 
in  all  and  singular  the  aforesaid  castles,  lordships,  manors» 
towns,   socage,  wapentakes,  bailiwicks,  lands,  tenements, 
forests,  chace,  parks,  and  other   premises  whatsoever,  as 
in  all  other  the  castles,  lordships,  honors,  towns»  manors, 
lands,  tenements,  mills,  fee-farms,  hundreds,  fees  of  coun- 
ties, and  other  possesaioDS  whatsoever,  late  parcel  of  our 
duchy  aforesaid,  which  the  said  cardinal,  archbishop,  Wil- 
liam   bishop    of   Lincoln,  William   bishop  of  Salisbury, 
Thomas  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  John  bishop  of  Wor- 
cester, Adam  bishop  of  Chichester,  Walter  bishop  of  Nor- 
wich, John  now  bishop  of  St.  David's,  duke,  earl,  John 
viscount  Beaumont,  Walter  lord    de  Hungerford,   Ralph, 
Ralph,  James,  John  now  lord  de  Beauchamp,  John  So- 
merset, Henry,  Richard,  Edmund,  Edward,  John  Hamp- 
ton, John  Norreys,  William  Tresham,  and  John  Vampage 
now  have  [by  virtue]  of  a  certain  gift  and  grant,  in  our  Par- 
liament begun  at  Westminster  on  the  twenly<fifth  day  of 
February  in  the  twenty-third  year  of  our  reign,  and  [con- 
tinued] until  the  twelfth  day  of  March  in  the  twenty-fourth 
year  of  our  reign,  and  afterwards  during  the  said  Parlia- 


^d  by  Google 


SS7 
Rodulpho,  Jacobo  nunc  domino  de  Ssy,  Johumi  nunc  do- 
mino de  Beaucbamp,  Henrico,  Ricardo,  Edmundo,  Ed- 
wardo^  Johanni,  Johanni,  Willielmo,  et  Johaoni,  ac  Roberto 
tunc  Londinensi  episcopo,  Johanni  Langton,  Waltero  Sbi- 
ryngton,  clerids,  Jobanni  Seyntlowe  et  Ricardo  Alrede^  ar- 
migeris,  jam  defimctie,  factorum,  prout  in  literia  noBtris 
patentibus  inde  super  quodam  acto  dicti  Parliament!  nostri, 
Bub  magno  aigillo  nostra  facCis,  pleniiu  continetur,  habeaat 
et  exerceant  talia  et  bujusmodi  libertatee,  jura  regalia, 
consuetudines,  franchenas,  immunitates,  et  privilegia,  una 
cum  omnibus  et  omnimodis  proficuie  eorundem  in  omnibus 
et  per  omnia,  ac  eis  gaudeant  et  utantur  adeo  plene  et  io- 
tegre  sicut  noe,  aut  progenitores  sire  antecessores  nostri 
prsedicti  Duces  LancaBtriGe,  ea  unquam  pleniua  seu  li- 
beriuB  babuimus  seu  percepimus.  Et  quod  dicta  caatra, 
dominia,  honores^  vtUse,  maneria,  teme,  et  tenementa,  ac 
cetera  {HvmisBa  quscunque,  per  tales  et  bujusmodi  offi< 
ciarioB  et  ministros  regantur  et  gubementur,  per  quales 
eadem  castra,  dominia,  yillse,  honores,  maneria,  terree, 
tenementa,  et  CEetera  prsemiBBa,  tam  tempore  nostro  ante 
conceswooes  aupradictas,  quam  temporibus  aliorum  proge- 
nitorum  seu  anteceesorum  nostrorum  prsedictorum  Ducum 
Lancastriae,  virtute  quarumcunque  cartanim  per  progeni- 
tores seu  priedecesBoreB  nostros  Reges  Anglii^  seu  auo- 
toritate  aliquonun  Parliamentorum  ante  biec  tempora  ten- 
torum,  factarum,  uti,  haberi,  ac  regi  et  gubemari  consue- 
venmt  Conceemmus  insuper,  ex  aBseosu  dictorum  Do- 
minorum  Spiritualium  et  Temporalium,  ac  diets  Commu- 
uitatia,  in  preesenti  Parliamento  nostra  existentium,  et 
auctoritate  ejusdem  Parliamenti,  quod  omnes  et  singuli  bo> 
mines,  tenentes  resjdentes,  et  alii  residentes  de  et  in  prse- 
dictis  castris,  honoribus,  dominiis,  Tillis,  maneriis,  socagiis, 
ballivis,  wapentachiis,  terns,  et  tenementis,  ac  aliis  pos- 


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2S7 

ment,  and  with  the  assent  of  the  Lords  Spiiitual  and 
Temporal,  and  Commons  of  our  realm  of  England,  io 
that  Parliament  assembled,  by  us  made,  by  the  authority 
of  the  same  Parliament,  on  the  same  twelfth  day  of 
March,  unto  the  same  cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  duke, 
earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  James  now  lord  de 
Say,  John  now  lord  de  Beauchamp,  Henry,  Richard, 
Edmund,  Edward,  John,  John,  William,  and  John,  and 
Robert  then  bishop  of  London,  John  Langton,  Walter 
Shiryogton,  clerks,  John  Seyntlowe  and  Richard  Alrede, 
esquires,  now  deceased,  as  in  our  letters  patent  there- 
upon under  our  great  seal  made  upon  a  certain  act 
of  our  said  Parliament,  is  more  fully  contained.  And  tihIu«i 
that  the  said  castles,  lordships,  bonora,  towns,  manors,  ™^''^,„ 
lands,  and  tenements,  and  other  premises  whatsoever,  "'*'"°'<**- 
may  be  ruled  and  governed  by  such  and  such  kind  of 
officers  and  ministers  as  the  same  castles,  lordships 
towns,  honors,  manors,  lands,  tenements,  and  other  pre- 
mises were  accustomed  to  be  used,  had,  and  ruled  and 
governed,  as  well  in  our  own  time  before  the  aforesaid 
grants,  as  in  the  times  of  others  our  progenitors  or  an- 
cestors aforesaid  Dukes  of  Lancaster,  by  virtue  of  any 
charters  made  by  our  progenitors  or  predecessors  Kings 
of  England,  or  by  authority  of  any  Parliaments  hereto- 
fore held.  We  have  moreover  granted,  with  the  assent  uddHta- 
of  the  aaid  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal,  and  of  the  ^fbltaJ"*" 
said  Commons,  in  our  present  Parliament  assembled» 
and  by  the  authority  of  the  same  Parliament,  that  all 
and  singular  the  men,  resident  tenants,  and  other  re- 
siants  of  and  in  the  aforesaid  castles,  honors,  lordships. 


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sessionibufl  pnedictis  quibuBCunque,  talibus  et  hujusmodi 
francbesiis,  priTile^is,  et  libertatibusi  adeo  plene  et  libere 
gaudeuit  et  utontur,  dummodo  eadem  caatra,  bonorea,  do- 
minia,  ville^  maneriaj  et  cietera  pneoiissa,  in  manibos 
preedictomm  cardinalia,  srcbiepiBcopi,  epiBCoporum,  duds, 
comitia,  Johannia,  Walteri,  Radulpbi,  Radulpbi,  J&cobi, 
Jobannia,  Jobatmis,  Willielmi,  Jobannia,  Henrici,  Ricardi* 
Willielmi,  Nicbolai,  Roberti,  Tbomae,  fidmundi,  Edwardi, 
Jobannia,  JohanDis,  Johannis,  Willielmi,  et  Jobannis,  jam 
fluperatitUDi,  baeredum  sen  aasignBtoram  auonun,  auteonim 
aUcujus,  Tirtute  coDceauonum  prsedictarum,  eiistere  con- 
tingent, aive  in  manibus  noetris  nrtute  aliquarum  dimtft- 
eionum  inde  nobie  per  eosdem  cardinalem,  arcbiepiBcopum, 
episcopos,  ducem,  comitem,  Jobannem,  Walter um,  Ra- 
dulpbum,  Radulpbum,  Jacobum,  Jobannem,  Jobanneoa, 
Willielmum,  Jobannem,  Henricum,  Ricardum,  Williel- 
mum,  Nicbolaum,  Robertum,  Tbomam,  Edmundum,  Ed- 
wardum,  Jobannem,  Jobannem,  Johannem,  Willielmum,  et 
Johaonem,  vel  partem  eorum,  ante  haec  tempora  factarum, 
aut  per  eoa,  bceredea  aeu  aasignatos  buob,  vel  eorum  aSi- 
quoe,  exnunc  faciendanim,  existere  contingent,  quibua  et 
qualibus  ac  sicut  aliqui  homtnea,  tenentea  reeidentea,  sen 
alii  residentes  in  eisdem,  usi  et  gavisi  fuerunt  tempori- 
bua  quibuB  dicta  castra,  bonorea,  dominia,  villae,  maneria, 
Bocagia,  ballivs,  wapentachia,  terr^e,  et  tenementa,  ac 
cseterse  poBaessioneB  prfedictee,  in  manibus  Dostris,  sell 
aliquorum  progenitorum  sive  antecessorum  nostromm  prte- 
dictorum  Ducum  LancastrisB,  extiterunt,  sine  occaatone 
vel  impedtmento  nostri,  vel  hseredwn  nostromm,  justitia- 
riorura,  eBcaetorum,  vicecomitum,  coronatorum,  aut  aliorum 
balUvorum  Beu  miniBtrorum  noBtrorum,  vel  heeredum  noa- 
trorum  quonimcunque ;  quodque  omnia  prsedicta  caatra, 
honores,  dominia,  villse,  maneria,  socagium,  ballivae,  wa- 


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towns,  manors,  socages,  bailiwicks,  wapentakes,  lands,  and 
tenements,  and  other  possessionB  aforesaid  whatsoever,  may 
as  fully  and  freely  enjoy  and  use  such  and  such  sort  of  fran- 
chises, privileges,  and  liberties, — provided  the  same  castles,  vmuti  a* 
honors,  lordships,  towns,  manors,  and  other  premises  happen  JJJ  *^^ 
to  be,  by  virtue  of  the   aforesaid   grants,  in   the   hands   Kiiw-ibudi 
of  the  aforesaid  cardinal,  archbishop,  bishops,  duke,  earl,  iwnMai; 
John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  James,  John,  John,  William, 
John,  Henry,  Richard,  William,  Nidiolas,  Robert,  Thomas, 
Edmund,  Edward,  John,  John,  John,  William,  and  John, 
yet   living,  their  heirs  or  asugns,   or  any  one  of  them; 
or  that  they  happen  to  be  in  our  own  hands  by  virtue 
of  any  demises  heretofore  thereof  made  to   us  by  the 
same    cardinal,    archbishop,    bishops,   duke,  earl,    John, 
Walter,    Ralph,     Ralph,    James,    John,    John,    A^lliam, 
John,  Henry,  Richard,  William,  Nicholas,  Robert,  Thomas, 
Edmund,  Edward,  John,  John,  John,  William,  and  John, 
or  a   part   of  them,  or  hereafter   to  be  made  by   them, 
their   heirs   or  assigns,   or  by   some   of  them,  —  as  and 
which    any    men,    resident    tenants,    or    other    resiants 
in   the  same   have  used  and  enjoyed  in   the  times  when 
the    said   castles,  honors,    lordships,   towns,   manors,   so- 
cages, bailiwicks,  wapentakes,  lands,  and  tenements,  and 
oUier  possessions  aforesaid,  were  in  the  bands  of  us,  or 
any  our  progenitors  or  ancestors  aforesaid  Dukes  of  Lan- 
caster, without  let  or  binderance  of  us  or  our  heirs,   or  wiuiinikrt 
of  the  justices,   escheators,    sherifis,    coroners,   or  other  ^^^^" 
bailifis  or   ministers  of  us  or  of  our  heirs  whomsoever;  Honmua. 
and  that  all  the  aforesaid  castles,  honors,  lordships,  towns, 
manors,  socage,  bailiwicks,  wapentakes,  lands,  tenements. 


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penttchift,  terrse,  teDeme&ta,  foresta  sire  chscea,  pard, 
warentue,  et  possesuones,  ac  csetera  prsemissa  quscuo* 
que,  ac  quicuoque  officiarii  et  ministri  eorundem  castro- 
rutn,  bonomm,  dominiorum,  TUlarum,  manerionim,  bo- 
cagii,  terrarum,  ef  tenementorum,  forestte,  cbacese,  por- 
corum,  wajenaarum,  ac  otnBium  et  BiDgularum  possee- 
eiooum  pncdictarum,  cum  pertinentiis,  sub  ugUlo  illo 
quod  pro  gubernatione  eorundem  ordinaviinufl  gubemen- 
tur  et  conatitueatur,  et  non  sub  aliquo  alio  aigillo  oMtro 
et  bsredum  noetrorum  Ducum  Lancaatrue,  nee  aliquo 
alio  Bigillo,  dummodo  ipsa  in  manibus  eorundem  cardi- 
nalis,  archiepiscopi,  epiacoporum,  ducns,  comitis,  Joban- 
nie,  Walteri,  Radulphi,  Radulphi,  Jacobi,  Jobannis,  Jo- 
hannia,  Wiltielmi,  Johanma,  Henrid,  Ricardi,  Willielaiii 
Nicholai,  RoberU,  Thomse,  Edmundi,  Edwardi,  Jokaa- 
nia,  Johannia,  Johannis,  Willielmi,  et  Johannis,  hferediun 
seu  asGigDatorum  auorum  prsedictonun,  vel  eonim  au- 
cujus,  occasioDB  prsemissa  exi&tant,  sive  in  manibus  noe- 
tris  virtute  aliquarum  dimiBBionum  inde  nobis  per  eosaem 
cardinalem,  arcbiepiecopum,  episcopos,  ducem,  comitemi 
Jobannem,  Walterum,  Radulpbum,  Radulpbum,  Jacobun, 
Johannem,  Jobannem,  Willielmum,  Henricum,  RicarduiO) 
Willielmum,  Nicholaum,  Robertum,  TTiomam,  EdmimdunJ, 
Edwardum,  Jobannem,  Jobannem,  Jobannem,  Willielmuroi 
et  Jobannem,  vel  partem  eorum,  ante  fasBC  tempora  ^ 
tarum,  aut  per  eos,  baaredea  seu  asstgnatoa  suos,  «e^ 
eoTum  aliquos,  exnunc  fatnendarum,  ut  pramittitur,  ex* 
istere  contingent.  Salvia  quibuacunque  ligeis  nostiia  po^ 
aessione,  jure,  titulo,  et  interease  suis,  ac  aonuitatibiUt 
officiia,  radiia,  feodb,  cuBtodiis,  et  £rmis  quibuscuDI"^ 
in  seu  de  dictis  castris,  dominiia,  maueriis,  et  caeteris  pr^'  ■ 
missis  quibuacunque,  aut  aliqua  parcella  eorundem,  f^ 


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989 

forest  or  chace,  parks,  warrenB,  and  poBseBUons,  and  ^™|^" 
other  preiDiseB  whatsoever,  and  the  officen  and  minia-  ilUdi'^i!»' 
ters  whosoever  of  the  same  castles,  honors,  lordships,  itmMtu 
towns,  manors,  soca^  lands,  and  tenements,  forest,  ^,^1^' 
choce,  parks,  warrens,  and  all  and  singular  the  posses-  ^**™"' 
sions  aforesaid,  with  the  appurtenances,  be  governed  and 
appointed  under  that  seal  which  we  have  ordained  for 
the  governance  of  the  same,  and  not  under  any  other 
seal  of  us  and  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster,  nor  any 
other  seal, — provided  that  the  same  be,  by  the  occasion 
aforesaid,  in  the  hands  of  the  same  cardinal,  archbishop, 
bisbope,  duke,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  James, 
John,  John,  William,  John,  Henry,  Richard,  William, 
Nicholas,  Robert,  Thomas,  Edmund,  Edward,  John, 
John,  John,  William,  and  John,  their  heirs  or  assigns 
aforesaid,  or  of  any  one  of  them ;  or  that  they  happen  to 
be  in  our  own  hands  by  virtue  of  any  demises  thereof 
heretofore  made  to  us  by  the  same  cardinal,  archbishop, 
bbbops,  duke,  earl,  John,  Walter,  Ralph,  Ralph,  James, 
John,  John,  William,  Henry,  Richard,  William,  Nicholas, 
Robert,  Thomas,  Edmund,  Edward,  John,  John,  John, 
William,  and  John,  or  a  part  of  them,  or  hereafter  to  be 
made  by  them,  their  heirs  or  assigns,  or  by  some  of 
tbem,  as  is  aforesaid.  Saving  to  whomsoever  our  lieges 
their  possession,  right,  titles  and  interest,  and  the  an- 
DuitieB,  offices,  wages,  fees,  wardships,  and  farms  what- 
soever, in  or  respecting  the  said  castles,  lordships,  manors, 
and  other  premises  whatsoever,  or  any  parcel  of  the  same, 
which  they  have  or  any  one  of  them  lawfully  has  in  the 
same.     In  witness  whereof,  &c. 


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S40 

ipBt  habent,  seu  eorum  aliquis  habet  legitime  in  eiadem. 
Id  cujus,  &C. 

{la  doTK.) 
LE  Roy,  de  I'advyB  et  assent  de  lez  Seigneurs  £s[Hri- 
tuetl  et  Temporell,  et  lee  Comunes,  esteantz  en  cest  pre- 
sent ParlemeDt,  et  par  auctorite  du  dit  Farlement,  ad 
graunte  tout  le  continue  en  ycell  peticioU]  et  q'il  soil  fait 
en  toutz  pointz  dcome  il  est  desire. 


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S40 

(Itidorted.) 
The  King,  with  the  advice  and  assent  of  the  Lords  Spi- 
ritual and  Temporal,  and  the  CommoiiB,  ia  this  present 
Partiament  assembled,  and  by  the  authority  of  the  sud 
Parliament,  has  granted  all  the  contents  of  this  petition, 
and  that  it  be  done  in  all  points  as  is  desired. 


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Rotulus  Parliamenti  tenti  «pud  CoYentrc,   «nno  ngai  R<^   Henrici 
Seiti  poet  Conquestum  tricMinio  octsTO. 

[,  queedam  cedula  exhibita  fuit  praebto  do- 
0  Regi,  in  prsesenti  Parliamento»  per  Com- 
litates  regni  Angliae  in  dicto  Parliamento  ex- 
ntes,  8ub  eo  qui  sequitur  tenore  rerborutn: 
REX  omnibuB,  &c.  Cum  nos  nuper  per  literas  nos- 
tras patentee,  sub  sigillo  noatro  ducatus  nostri  Laocas- 
triffi  factas,  quarum  datum  est  apud  manerium  nostnun 
de  Shene,  penullimo  die  Novembria  anno  regni  noetri  vice- 
simo  secundo,  ex  certa  scientia  et  mero  motu  nostris,  certis 
de  causis  nos  intime  movenUbus,  dedeiimus,  concesaeri- 
mus,  et  per  easdem  confirmaTerimuB,  pro  nobis  et  b^ere- 
dibus  nostris,  Thomaa  Bathonenw  et  Wellensi,  Johanni  Wi- 
gomensi  per  nomen  Johannis  Carpenter  electi  Wigomensis 
ecclesise,  Waltero  Norwicensi  per  nomen  Walteri  Lybert 
clerici,  Jobanni  Menerensi  per  nomen  Johannis  Delabera 
clerici,  episcopis ;  Johanni  vicecomiti  Beaumont ;  R^- 
dulpbo  domino  de  Sudetey,  Johanni  domino  de  Beauchamp 
militj,  Edmundo  Hungerford  militi ;  Johanni  Hampton  et 
Johanni  Noreys  armigeris,  adhuc  superstJtibuB,  ac  aliis  j»» 
defunctis,  castrum,  manerium,  et  hundredum  de  Hiegham 
Ferrers  cum  pertinentiis ;  maneria  de  Raundes,  RussbdeD, 
Caldecote,  Irenchestre,  Daventre,  et  Deisburgfa,  molendina 
de  Deefaeford,  ac  omnia  terras  et  tenemeota,  redditus  et  ser- 
vitja,  tunc  nostra,  cum  pertinentiis,  inWelledon;  necnoo 
omnia  terras  et  tenementa,  cum  pertinentiis,  quae  nuper  lae- 
runt  Stephani  Rumbylowe  in  Daventre  priedicta,  et  omnia 


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Hull  of  the  PartiBment  holden  ot  Coventry,  in  the  thirty-eighth  year  or 
the  reign  of  King  Henry  the  Sixth  alter  the  Conquest. 

^LSO,  s  certun  schedule  was  exhibited  to  our  ttoi  n«. 
aforesaid  lord  the  King,  in  the  present  Parlia*  *■»■  '"•■ 
tnent,  by  the  Commons  of  the  realm  of  Eng- 
I  land  in  the  said  Parliament  assembled,  under 
the  tenor  of  words  which  follows : 

TTie  KING,  to  all,  ftc.    Whereas  we  lately,  by  our  jMjjtoi-^ 
letters  patent  made  under  our  seal  of  our  duchy  of  Lan-  J^J^^, 
caster,  the  date  whereof  is  at  our  manor  of  Sheen  on  the  Hin^fhi* 
last  day  but  one  of  November  in  the  twenty-second  year  f^^^i°on- 
of  our  reign,  of  our  certain   knowledge  and   mere  roo-  ikaflh>^>. 
tion,  for  certain  causes  inwardly  mofing  u%  gave,  grant-  '|°f*^' 
ed,  and  by  the  same  confirmed,  for  us  and  our  heirs,  to  f^X's' 
Thomas  bishop  of  Bath  and  Well»,  John  Wehop  of  Wor-  ^*!^ 
cester  by  the  name  of  John  Carpenter  the  elect  of  the 
church  of  Worcester,  Walter  bishop  of  Norwich  by  the 
name  of  Walter  Lyhert  clerk,  John  bishop  of  St.  David's 
by  the  name  of  John  Delabera,  clerk ;  John  viscount  Beau> 
moot;  Ralph  lord  de  Sudley,  John  lord  de  Beaucbantp, 
knight,  Edmund    Hungerford,    knight ;    John    Hampton 
and  John  Noreys,  esquires,  still  living,  and  others  now 
deceased,  the  castle,  manor,  and  hundred  of  Higbam  Fer- 
rers,   with   the   appurtensDces ;    the  manors  of  Raunds, 
Rushden,    Caldecott,    Irchester,    Daventry,   and    Desho- 
rough,    the   mills  of  Desbeford,   and   all   the   lands   and 
tenements,  rents  and   services,  then  oure,  with   the   ap> 
purtenances,   in    Weldon;    also  all   the   lands  and   tene- 
ments, with  the  appurtenances,  which  were  late  of  Stephen 


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S4fi 

terras  et  teoementa,  redditus  et  servitia,  tuoc  nostra,  cum 
pertinentiis,  qiue  nuper  fuenint  WiUietmi  Croyser  militiB,  in 
Hiegham  Feiren  et  Caldecote  prcedicta,  in  comitatu  Nortb- 
amptonis; — feodi  finnam  centum  et  viginti  librarum  villR 
de  Gormonchestre ;  feodi  firmam  quadraginta  et  trium  li- 
brarum ville  de  Huntyngdou,  et  manerium  de  Glattoa  cum 
Holme,  cum  pertinentiiB,  in  comitatu  Huotingdooiee ; — ma- 
nerium de  Wardyngton,  in  comitatu  BukinghamiK; — mi- 
nerium  de  Aldeborn,  in  comitatu  Wiltesiae; — maueria  de 
Aylysham,  Wighton,  Snetiebam,  Fakenham,  Gymmjog- 
ham,  Tonsted  et  Thetford,  cum  viginti  et  octo  libris,  s«x 
solidtB,  et  octo  denariis,  de  feodi  firms  prions  et  conveotus 
monacborum  de  Thetford;  et  manerium  de  Methewolde, 
cum  terns  et  tenementis,  tunc  nostris,  vocatis  Rodmer, 
juxtaMetbewold;  acbundredum,  tunc  nostrum,  deNorther- 
pyngham,  Sowtberpyngbam,  Gallowe,  et  Brothercros,  cum 
pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Nor^Icise; — maneria,  tunc  nos- 
trai  de  Huugerford,  Estgarston,  et  Standen,  in  comitatu 
Bercherite; — et  manerium,  tunc  nostrum,  de  Swoham,  in 
comitatu  Cautebrigiae: — Habendum  et  tenendum  eadem 
castrum,  manerium,  bameletta,  feodi  finnas,  hnndreda,  mo- 
lendina,  terras,  tenementa,  redditus  et  servitia,  cum  peN 
tinentiia,  una  cum  feodis  militum,  ac  omnibus  aliis  pro- 
ficuis  et  commoditatibus  eisdem  castro,  maneriie,  tenis, 
et  tenementiB  npectantibus  eive  pertinentibus,  eisdem  epi- 
acopis,  Ticecomiti,  Radulpbo»  Johanni  Beaucbamp,  £d- 
mundo,  Johanni  Hampton,  et  Jobanni  Noreys,  ac  pre- 
dictis  aliis  jam  defunctis,  hseredibus  et  assignatiB  suis, 
de  nobis  et  bsredibus  nostris,  per  fidelitatem  tantum, 
absque  aliquo  alio  nobis  vel  beeredibus  noBtris  inde  red- 
denda.  Salvis  Bemper  et  reBervatis  nobis,  et  bseredibus 
noBtriB  DucibuB  Lancastriie,  advocationibus  ecclesiaruin, 
abbatianim,    prioratuum,  vicariarum,   cantariamm,   capel- 


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84S 

Rumbylowe  in  DaveDtry  aforesaid ;  and  all  the  lands  and 
tenementB,  rents  and  Berrices,  then  ours,  with  the  appur- 
tenances^ which  were  late  of  William  Ooyser,  knight,  in 
Higbam  Ferrers  and  Caldecott  aforesaid,  in  the  county 
of  Northampton  ;— the  fee-farm  of  a  hundred  and  twenty 
pounds  of  the  town  of  Godmancheeter,  the  fee-farm  of 
forty-three  pounds  of  the  town  of  Huntingdon,  and  the 
manor  of  Qlatton  with  Holme,  with  the  appurtenances, 
in  the  county  of  Huntingdon;— the  manor  of  Warding- 
ton,  in  the  county  of  Bucks; — the  manor  of  Aldboum,  in 
the  county  of  Witts; — the  manors  of  Aylsham,  Wigb- 
ton,  Snettiaham,  Fakenham,  Gimingham,  Tunetead,  and 
Tbetford,  with  twenty-eight  pounds  six  shillings  and 
eight  pence  of  the  fee-farm  of  the  prior  and  convent  of 
monks  of  Tbetford;  and  the  manor  of  Methwold,  with 
the  lands  and  tenements,  then  ours,  called  Rodmere, 
near  Methwold;  and  the  hundred,  then  ours,  of  North 
Erpingham,  South  Erpiogham,  Gallow,  and  Brothercross, 
with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk; — the 
manors,  then  ours,  of  Hungerford,  East  Garston,  and 
Standen,  in  the  county  of  Berks; — and  the  manor,  then 
ours,  of  Soham,  in  the  county  of  Cambridge : — To  have 
and  to  hold  the  same  castle,  manors,  hamlets,  fee-farms, 
hundreds,  mills,  lands,  tenements,  rents  and  services, 
with  the  appurtenances,  together  with  the  knights'  fees, 
and  all  other  profits  and  commodities  belonging  or  per- 
taining to  the  same  castle,  manors,  lands,  and  tenements, 
to  the  same  bishops,  viscount,  Ralph,  John  Beauchamp, 
Edmund,  John  Hampton,  and  John  Noreys,  and  others 
«foresaid  now  deceased,  their  heirs  and  assigns,  of  us 
and  our  heirs,  by  fealty  only,  without  rendering  to  ua 
or  our  heirs  anything  else  therefore.  Saving  always  and 
reserved  to  us  and  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster  the 
2  H 


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Unim,  hoepitalium,  et  aliorum  benefidorum  eCRleuaeticonim 
quorumcunque,  eisdem  csstro,  maneriisi  Bire  terriB  et  tene- 
mentis,  ullo  modo  apectantibus.  Et  per  easdem  literas  nos- 
tras obligaTerimus  nos  et  hmredes  nostros  ad  castrum,  mane- 
ria,  ac  omnia  et  sic^la  prEemiBsa,  cum  pertinflntiia,  piwfatis 
epiacopis,  &c.,  et  pTsefatis  aliis  jam  defunctts,  hsredlbus  et 
asMgnatis  suis,  contra  omoes  ge&tes  warantizanda  et  defen- 
denda.  Ac  per  alias  literaa  nostras  patentee  sub  eodem  ai- 
gillo,  datas  apud  manerium  nostrum  de  Shene  septimo  die 
Julii  anno  regni  nostri  vicesimo  secundo,  ex  certa  scnentia 
et  mero  motu  prsedictis,  dederimus  et  concesseriious  et  per 
easdem  literas  oostrae  confirmaverimus,  pro  nobis  et  hab- 
redibus  nostris,  praebtis  episcopis,  vicecomid,  Radulpho, 
Johanni  domino  de  Beauchamp,  Edmundo,  Johanni  Hamp- 
ton, et  Jobanni  Noreys,  per  nomina  in  prsedictis  primis 
Uteris  contents,  ac  prsedictis  aliis  jam  defunctds,  maneria 
dfl  Sombome,  Weston,  Hertley,  et  lAngstok,  cum  perti- 
nentiis,  in  comitatu  SouthamptoniK ;  maneria  de  Everley, 
Colyngbom,  Trobrigge,  Berevyk,  et  Esterton,  cum  perti- 
nentiis,  in  comitatu  Wilteuse; — maneria  de  Sbepynglam- 
bom,  cum  pertinentjis,  in  comitatu  Bercberi»; — maoeria 
de  Kyngeston  Lacy,  Wymbom,  Blanford,  et  Sbapwyk,  cum 
pertinentiis,  in  couiitatu  Dorsetim ; — manerium  de  Myns- 
terwortb,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  comitatu  Oloucestrin;— ma- 
nerium de  Hodenak,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  marcbia  Wallie  ; 
— manerium  et  Bocam  de  Snaitb,  cum  pertinentiis,  in  co- 
mitatu Eborum: — Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  praedicta 
maneria  et  socam  cum  pertinentiis  suis  quibuscunque,  una 
cum  feodis  militum,  et  (minibus  aliis  proficuis  et  commo- 
ditatibus  pnedictia  maneriis  et  socffi  Bpectantibus,  dsdem 
episcopis,  vicecomiti,  &c,  et  preedictis  aliis  jam  defunctt^ 
bferedibus  et  aasignatis  Buis,  de  nobis  et  hseredibus  nostris* 
per  fidelitatem  tantum,  absque  aliquo  alio  nobis  vel  luere- 


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966 

or  OUT  hflirs  anything  else  therefore.  Saving  always  and 
reserved  to  us  and  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster  the 
advowBons  of  churches,  ahbeys,  priories,  vicarages,  chan- 
tries, chapels,  hospitals,  and  other  ecclesiastical  benefices 
whatsoever,  in  anywise  belonging  to  the  same  castle,  manors, 
or  lands  and  tenements.  And  by  our  same  letters  we  bound 
ourselfandourheirs  to  warrant  and  defend  against  all  people 
the  castle,  manors,  and  all  and  singular  the  premises,  with 
the  appurtonances,  to  the  aforesaid  bishops,  &&,  and  to  the 
aforesaid  others  now  deceased,  and  their  heirs  and  assigns. 
And  by  other  our  letters  patent  under  the  same  seal, 
dated  at  our  manor  of  Sheen  on  the  seventh  day  of  July 
in  the  tweQty-second  year  of  our  reign,  we,  of  our  certain 
knowledge  and  mere  motion  aforesaid,  gave  and  granted, 
and  by  the  same  our  letters  confirmed,  for  us  and  our 
heirs,  to  the  aforesaid  bishops,  viscount  Ralph,  John 
lord  de  Beauchamp,  Edmund,  John  Hampton,  and  John 
Noreys,  by  the  names  in  the  aforesaid  first  letters  con- 
tained, and  to  the  aforesaid  others  now  deceased,  the  manors 
of  Somboum,  Weston, '  Hartley,  and  Longstock,  with  the 
appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Southampton ;  —  the 
manors  of  Everley,  Collingboume,  Trowbridge,  Berwick, 
and  Easterton,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of 
Wilts;— the  manors  of  Chipping  Lamhourn,  with  the  ap- 
purtenances, in  the  county  of  Berks; — the  manors  of  Kings- 
ton Lacy,  Wimbome,  Blandford,  and  Shapwick,  with  the 
appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Dorset ;  —  the  manor  of 
Minsterworth,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of 
Gloucester; — the  manor  of  Hodenak,  with  the  appurte- 
nances, in  the  marches  of  Wales ; — the  manor  and  soke  of 
Snaith,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  York : — 
To  have  and  to  hold  all  the  aforesaid  manors  and  soke,  with 
whatsoever  their  appurtenances,  together  with  the  knights' 


^d  by  Google 


S6Y 

nobis,  et  heeredibus  Boetris  Ducibus  LsncastrisB,  advoca- 
^ODibua  ecclesiarum,  abbatiarum,  pnoratuum,  vicarianim, 
cantariaruin,  capellarum,  hoepitalium,  et  alionim  bene* 
fidorum  eccleBiasticorun)  quorumcunque,  eiadem  maneruB 
et  Bocce,  cum  pertiDentiis,  ullo  modo  spectsntibus.  Et 
per  easdem  literas  DOBtras  obligaTerimua  aos  et  hteredes 
Dostroa  ad  waraatizandum  et  defeiideDdum  omnia  pre- 
missa,  cum  pertjneiitiia,  eisdem  episcopis,  &&,  et  beere- 
dibus  et  asBignatis  Buia,  prout,  &c.  Ac  etUnii  per  alias 
literas  DOBtras  patentaa  sub  sigillo  noBtro  praedictcs 
quarum  datum  est  apud  castrum  ooatrum  de  Wyndeaore 
viceaitno  tertio  die  Februarii  anno  regni  noetri  ricesimo 
tertio,  dederimus,  conceBaerimuB,  et  per  easdem  literas  no»- 
tras  coDfirmaverimuB,  prxfatis  episcopis,  &C.,  et  prsdictis 
aliis  jam  defunctis,  per  nomina  in  dictiB  primis  literis 
coDtenta,  manerium,  dominium  de  Bemolwilce,  cum  per- 
tinentiia,  in  comitatu  Eborum;  manerium  de  Ktlbome, 
cum  pertinentiiB,  in  eodem  comitatu;  feodi  firmam  voca.- 
tam  Wbitgift,  cum  pertinentiie,  in  comitatu  priedicto: — 
Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  preedicta  maneria,  domi- 
nium, et  feodi  firmam,  cum  pertinentiiB  buIb  quibuecunque, 
una  cum  feodia  mititum  et  omnibue  aliis  proficuis  et  com- 
moditatibuB  preedictiB  maneriis,  dominio,  et  feodi  firm» 
spectantibuB  bito  pertinentibua,  eisdem  episcofns,  Sco,  bte- 
redibus  et  asaignatis  suis,  de  nobia  et  hferedibus  nostria, 
per  fidelitatem  tantum,  absque  aliquo  alio  nobia  vel  hie- 
redibuB  nostris  inde  reddendo  in  perpetuum.  Salvia  semper 
et  reservatis  nobie,  et  hseredibus  nostris  Ducibus  Lanca»- 
trise,  advocationibus  ecclesiarum,  abbatiarum,  prioratuum, 
vicariarum,  cantariarum,  capellarum,  bospitalium,  et  alio- 
rum  beneficiorum  ecclesiasticorum  quorumcunque,  eiadem 
maneriis,  dominio,  et  feodi  firmae,  cum  pertinentiiB,  apeo- 
tantibus.      Et  per  easdem   literas  nostras  obligaverimus 


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267 

fees,  and  all  other  profits  and  coonmodities  belonging  to  the 
aforesaid  nianora  and  soke,  to  the  same  bishops,  viscount, 
&c.,  and  to  the  aforesaid  others  now  deceased,  their  heirs 
and  assigns,  of  us  and  our  heirs,  by  fealty  only,  without  ren- 
dering to  us  or  our  heirs  anything  else  therefore.  Saving 
always  and  reserved  to  us  and  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster 
the  advowsona  of  churches,  abbeys,  priories,  vicarages,  chan- 
tries, chapels,  hospitals,  and  other  ecclesiastical  benefices 
whatsoever,  in  anywise  belonging  to  the  same  manors  and 
soke,  with  the  appurtenances.  And  by  the  same  our 
letters  we  bound  ourself  and  our  heirs  to  warrant  and 
defend  all  the  premises  with  the  appurtenances  to  the 
same  bishops,  &c  ,  and  to  their  heirs  and  assigns,  as,  8tc 
And  also,  by  other  our  letters  patent  under  our  aforesaid 
seal,  the  date  whereof  is  at  our  castle  of  Windsor  on  the 
twenty-third  day  of  February  in  the  twenty-third  year  of 
our  reign,  we  gave,  granted,  and  by  the  same  our  letters 
confirmed  to  the  aforesaid  bishops,  Sec,  and  to  the  aforesaid 
others  now  deceased,  by  the  names  contained  in  the  said 
first  letters,  the  manor  and  lordship  of  Bamoldwick,  with 
the  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  York ;  the  manor  of 
Kilburn,  with  the  appurtenances,  in  the  same  county; 
the  fee-form  called  Whitgift,  with  the  appurtenances,  in 
the  aforesaid  county : — To  have  and  to  hold  all  the  afore- 
said manors,  lordship,  and  fee-brm,  with  whatsoever  their 
appurtenances,  together  with  the  knights'  fees  and  all 
other  profits  and  commodities  belonging  or  pertaining  to 
the  aforesaid  manors,  lordship,  and  fee-farm,  to  the  same 
bishops,  &c.,  their  heirs  and  assigns,  of  us  and  our  heirs 
for  ever,  by  fealty  only,  without  rendering  to  us  or  our 
heirs  anything  else  therefore.  Saving  always  and  re- 
served to  us  and  our  heirs  Dukes  of  Lancaster  the  ad- 
TowBons  of  churches,  abbeys,  priories,  vicarages,  chaat^ 


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DOS  et  bseredes  nostros  ad  waruitizanduiD  et  defendendam 
eadem  maneria,  dominium,  et  feodi  finnam,  ac  omnia  et 
singula  in  eisdem  Uteris  prsemissa,  preefatb  episcopis, 
&c.,  et  praedictis  alits  jam  defunctis,  hseredibus  et  as- 
signatis  suis,  contra  omnee  geotea.  Ac  etiam,  per  alias 
literas  noBtras  patentes  sub  sigillo  nostro  pnedicto  foctas, 
quarum  datum  est  apud  castrum  nostrum  de  Wynde* 
Bore  vicesimo  nono  die  Junii  anno  regni  nostri  vice- 
simo  tertio,  dederimue,  concesserimus,  et  per  easdem 
literas  nostras  confirmaverimus,  praefatie  epiecopis,  &&, 
et  prsedietis  aliis  jam  deriinctis,  per  nomina  in  dictis 
primis  literie  contents,  castra,  dominia,  et  maneria  de 
Kedwelly,  Karkeuny,  Hiskenny,  et  KamwaltboD,  cum 
membris  et  pertinentJis  suis ;  castrum,  dominium,  et  ma- 
nerium  de  Oggemore,  cum  membris  et  pertinentiis  suis; 
CBstra,  dominia,  et  maneria  de  Monmouth,  Grosemonde, 
Skenfrith,  et  Wbitcastell,  cum  membris  et  pertinentiis 
suis;  manerium  et  dominium  de  Ebbothe,  cum  membris 
et  pertinentiis  suis,  in  Southwaltia  et  marcbiis  ejusdem ; 
— castrum,  dominium,  manerium,  et  honorem  de  Perenaey, 
cum  membris  et  pertinentiis  suis,  in  comitatu  Sussexi»; — 
dominium,  manerium,  et  villam  de  Boston  super  mare,  cum 
membris  et  pertinentiis  suis,  in  comitatu  Norffolcis ;— cas- 
trum, dominium,  et  manerium  de  Casteldonyngton,  cum 
membris  et  pertinentiis  suis,  in  comitatu  Leycestrise; — 
feoda  comitatuum  Lincolniee  et  Derbeise,  cum  pertinentiis 
suis; — castrum,  villam,  dominium,  manerium,  et  honorem 
de  Tikhull,  cum  membris  et  pertiuentiiB  suis,  in  comitatu 
Eborum : — Habendum  et  tenendum  omnia  prsdicta  castra, 
dominia,  villas,  maneria,  honores,  et  feoda  comitatuum, 
cum  membris  et  pertinentiis  sois  quibuscunque,  una  cum 
feodis  militom  et  omnibus  alib  proficuis  et  conunoditatibuB, 
:  castris,  domiaiis,  villis,    maneriis,   bonoribus,  et 


^d  by  Google 


868 

tries,  chapels,  hoepitak,  and  other  ecclesiastical  benefices 
whatsoever,  belonging  to  the  same  manore,  lordship,  and 
fee-fann,  with  the  appurtenances.  And  by  the  same 
our  letters  we  bound  ourself  and  our  heirs  to  warrant 
and  defend  against  all  people  the  same  manors,  lord- 
ship, and  fee-farm,  and  all  and  singular  the  premises  in 
the  same  letters,  to  the  aforesud  bishops,  &c.,  and  to 
the  aforesaid  others  now  deceased,  their  heirs  and  assigns. 
Ano  also,  by  other  our  letters  patent  made  under  our 
aforesaid  seal,  the  date  whereof  is  at  our  castle  of  Windsor 
on  the  twenty-uintb  day  of  June  in  the  twenty-third  year 
of  our  reign,  we  gave,  granted,  and  by  the  same  oar  letters 
con6rmed  to  the  aforesaid  bishops,  Sec,  and  to  the  afore- 
said others  now  deceased,  by  the  names  contained  in  the 
sud  first  letters,  the  castles,  lordships,  and  manors  of  Kid- 
welly, Karkenny,  lakenny,  and  Kamwalthan,  with  their 
members  and  appurtenances;  the  castle,  lordefaip,  and 
manor  of  Ogmore,  with  its  members  and  appurtenances ; 
the  castles,  lordships,  and  manors  of  Monmouth,  Gros- 
mont,  Skenfreth,  and  Wbite-castle,  with  their  members 
and  appurtenances ;  the  manor  and  lordship  of  Ebbothe, 
with  its  members  and  appurtenances,  in  South  Wales 
and  the  marches  of  the  same ; — the  castle,  lordship,  manor, 
and  honor  of  Pevensey,  with  its  members  and  appurte- 
nances, in  the  county  of  Susses ;  —  the  lordship,  manor, 
and  town  of  Beeston  on  the  Sea,  with  its  members  and 
appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk;  —  the  castle, 
lordship,  and  manor  of  Castle  Donington,  with  its  mem- 
berB  and  appurtenances,  in  the  county  of  Leicester;  — 
the  fees  of  the  counties  of  Lincoln  and  Derby,  with 
their  appurtenances; — the  castle,  town,  lordship,  manor, 
and  honor  of  Tickhill,  with  its  members  and  appurte- 
nances, in   the  county  of  York : — To   have   and   to  hold 


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feodis  comitatuum  spectantibus  Blve  pertinentibua,  eiedem 
epiacopis,  &&,  et  prsedictiB  aliis  jam  defunct!»,  bseredibus 
et  assipiatiB  Buia,  de  nobis  et  haredibue  Doetris,  per  fide- 
litatem  tantutn,  absque  aljquo  alio  nobis  vel  hseredibus 
nostris  inde  reddendo.  Salvis  semper  et  reservatis  nobis, 
et  heeredibus  nostris  Ducibus  Lancastiise,  advocationtbus 
ecclesiarum,  abbatiarum,  prioratuum,  Ticaiianim,  canta- 
riarum,  capellarum,  bospitalium,  et  alionim  beneficiorum 
ecdevasticorum  quorumcunque,  eisdem  castris,  domintiaj 
villis,  maneriis,  bonoribus,  et  feodis  comitatuum,  cum  mem- 
bris  et  pertinentiis  suls,  ullo  mode  spectantibus.  Et  per 
easdem  literas  obligaverimus  nos  et  bceredes  nostros  ad  wa- 
rantizandum  et  defendendum  eadem  castra,  d